Home Buying Tax Credit and the Plumbing Professional


Plumbers can profit from taking a look at how government intervention helps change the home market, and what effect this can have on their particular industry.

You might have already known about this year’s tax credit for first time property purchasers. It is a definite advantage for those purchasing their first house. In the down market, the government has tried to present effective incentives to balance out the equation, and first-time homebuyers can expect 8,000$ in tax relief when they are purchasing a home under the right conditions.

Now, on the face of it, this may have absolutely nothing to do with plumbing. But here’s the thing: one of the first tasks for these first-time homebuyers, if they are buying foreclosed, or buying any home that needs fixing up, is to get comprehensive price estimates for home systems that need to be upgraded or repaired.

This is where professional plumbers can make amends by offering their services in conjunction with specific first-time hom ebuying situations – it’s all about offering “estimates” that first-time home buyers can plug into their equation to be more knowledgeable about the total cost of what they may be buying, in order to more accurately plan to purchase and have a greater effect on the market.

As a professional plumber, you can work as hard as possible to build the best estimates that first-time homebuyers can understand, and that will help them to contemplate all of what they can put into a house that will get them a good resale value later on, and investment they can bank on, and something that will be livable, even for a conservative down payment and investment.

You might find that as you offer this service and word of mouth spreads, you’ll have carved out a profitable niche for yourself. Clients will appreciate detailed estimates that can show them how to handle their own investments by knowing what they will need to pay to get them up to the right standards for running water and more.

This kind of strategy can prove very beneficial to a shop that is able to adapt to the changing conditions of today’s market. Instead of just completing a set of residential tasks, think of your shop as a consulting center for young home buyers you need a lot of input on just what is needed to generally fix up a home and keep it in good shape for possible resale. Extend information to clients on the relationship between tax credits and purchasing a new home, so that those who look poised to buy may use your services if they do.

Strategies like this differentiate contractors who flourish, even in tough times, and those that have to close their doors. But by using a little creative thinking about how to provide that outreach and is best estimates, you may be positioning yourself for a bright future in the plumbing industry.




Source by Scott Rodgers

Discover the Most Dangerous Forms of Water Pollution & How You Can Protect the Health of Your Family

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There are many different forms of water pollution, all of which are caused by people’s carelessness. Agricultural run-off is a serious problem and one of the biggest forms of water pollution. Large factory farms use huge amounts of herbicides and pesticides that all wash into the ground water when it rains, polluting the groundwater for thousands of miles around.

The herbicides and pesticides are deadly cancer-causing chemical compounds that cannot be removed from the water by any method but proper filtering. The thousands of tons of manure from these farms also run into the water carrying herbicides and pesticides that the animals have eaten as well as the bacteria and microorganisms in the manure.

Industrial Waste is another major form of water pollution. Factories, large companies, manufacturers, mills and plants often dump their waste directly into the rivers, lakes, streams and oceans. Those who don’t dump directly into the water, dump into the ground, causing more groundwater contamination. Recent studies have identified 2,100 of the 80,000 chemicals in North American drinking water to be carcinogenic chemicals.

Household Waste – You and I are water pollution culprits too. Every time someone pours a cleaner, detergent, soap, chemicals, medicines, paint, solvents or anything else that doesn’t occur in nature down the drain, it becomes a form of water pollution.

Sewage – Many countries and states still dump raw sewage into the harbors and bays. Millions of tons of raw sewage are being dumped into the water every day. In some countries raw sewage runs in the gutters along the streets. This sewage obviously puts many different types of toxins into the water.

What Can We Do?

The best thing we can do to protect ourselves is to install a certified multi-layer water filtration system in our homes. All water that you come in contact with must be decontaminated- not just your drinking water.

The chemicals and metals in the water can seep through the skin or be inhaled in the form of steam, as well as being ingested. Protect your family from all of these forms of water pollution with a proper water filter.

Different Types Of Roofing Services

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Roofing is an essential part of any housing. If the roofing is done improperly then there is a good chance of leakage or any other damage to the house. Hence, seeking a professional’s help is always advisable.

Whether you have a new office, a house or any building and are in need of professional help to do the roofing then roofers are just a call away. Whosoever may be the roofer or any worker, working in an area of your house you need them to be friendly and trustworthy. Hence take up a roofer with loads of experience and who have a helpful team to execute the job efficiently. Sometimes you need roofings of your choice in terms of color and style, hence you need someone to guide you whether the roofings selected by you are suitable for the construction or not etc. These things need to be kept in mind before contacting anyone.

Wherever you may be situated, you will have roofers available for sure within your area, ensuring excellent services at cheaper costs. Some trained and experienced roofers give you the best in class services with exemplary roofing.

Roofers provide you with a variety of services like fiberglass roofing, asphalt roofings, guttering, repairs of chimney and roofs etc. All these are done by them at competitive prices.

Domestic Roofing

A good Roofing service provider completes on an average 30 to 40 projects within a year. A new roof to your old house can increase its value as well as its strength. Apart from increasing your property value roofers make sure that the work after completion gives you peace of mind and transforms the look of your home.

Commercial Roofing

Facing trouble at your offices with roofings, then call up roofers and they will make sure that the repair will be quick, easy and at affordable prices so that your business is up and running in no time. Some roofers provide you with services such that your work does not get affected and roofings are done without any hassle in a simple and effective manner. They might design their working schedule according to your demands and needs.

Fiberglass Roofing

It is a type of roofing which is completely maintenance free and with a long term guarantee. It ensures that the roof is watertight and hold standing water. This system is basically a coating of fibreglass matten over base coat and then fully embedding the system so that it becomes seamless.

Roof Repair options

Roofers not only install new roofs at your home or offices, but they also give you loads of other repairing services like:

– Replacement of broken or missing shingles/ tiles

– Gutter leaks repairing

– Chimney re-painting

– Patching up holes, etc.

Chimney repairs are sometimes a part of this process where they may do chimney reconstruction, brick chimney repairs, rebuilds etc. Water leakage, cracking, exposure, usage, time, lack of maintenance etc. can lead to chimney damage resulting in need of repairs.

Hence roofing and roofers play a key role at times in your life when it comes to peaceful living.

Advantages of Modern Plumbing Practices

Modern Plumbing is the plumbing technology or method which provides a reliable and guaranteed plumbing service through the use of advanced plumbing techniques. The plumbing industries are always trying to present modern plumb solutions and advanced type of facilities to the customers through a professional yet good plumbing technology. From watering system to sewage systems the plumbing industry gained more popular now a day. Many of the people they first go for a perfect watering system in their home whether they are going to construct a new home or if they are shifting from one place to another. The reason why is plumbing gained popular among all other industries is that water is the necessary thing that all the people need to survive do them will first take attention in planting a proper plumbing system to make the flow of water to home or offices in an abrupt way.

Some of the largest plumbing industries are providing both residential and commercial plumbing techniques to the customers that are really practical in the modern plumbing techniques. As new technologies are evolving or coming the cleanliness and efficiency of plumbing and drainage system will become more efficient and clean than ever before. The first step of every remodeling project is plumbing. Being this fact the benefit of adopting modern technologies in plumbing is considerable that even when there is a problem with the underground pipes like remove the block or unclog a pipe it is difficult to repair the underground pipes. So if there follows modern techniques of plumbing one can easily uncover the problem.

Modern Plumbing offers a wide range of plumbing fixtures and accessories like pipes, fittings, tanks etc from the low to the very high end which wills suits the customer to get at a reliable price and style. The main areas of plumbing techniques are the installation and maintenance of pipelines including the water heater installation, water reservoirs, sewage system installation, preventing leakage in pipelines, drain cleaning, home plumbing, bathroom remodeling, replacement of kitchen and bathroom pipelines etc. Also the modern techniques in plumbing industries has the main objective to save energy by following energy efficient methods to supply hot and cold water, solar energy conservation by installing a centralized water heating system and the use efficient methods to save water.

But now a day most of the pipelines and other plumbing fixtures are located in the underground that it seems this system is a good way for sewage drains and cesspools. When using underground pipelines to collect and carry away wastes to a long distant place it need the service of a professional or expert plumber. An expert plumber has good idea about using modern techniques and tools to install a sewage plumbing system. From flushing toilet to a single water tap there is great influence of these advanced plumbing techniques and modern plumbing tools. It is an important thing that the installation of a dishwasher in every modern kitchen with using the modern techniques of plumbing works.



Source by vish ks

Advantages and disadvantages of PVC for plumbing uses

In my continuing and hopefully final discussion of supply piping materials, today let’s talk about the other major forms of materials used. In previous day’s blogs I talked about the use of copper, most consider it to be the premium material and it certainly is the most expensive, then there is PEX, the new kid on the block who’s advantages outweigh it’s disadvantages by a considerable margin. PEX is still relatively new and unfamiliar to most of us. There is considerable controversy both code wise and in connection problems with PEX.
Other primary alternatives are galvanized steel, brass and the PVC (polyvinyl chloride) family. Like copper, steel and brass are very expensive and have similar advantages and disadvantages. Both copper and brass must be soldered in the connections and can represent a fire hazard during the installation phase but it’s rare. Both have the potential to build up scale over years of use which can eventually impede the water flow and copper can eventually develop pinhole leaks caused by electrolysis. These problems, mostly the expense, caused the development and wide spread use of PVC for both supply and drain lines in homes. PVC is inexpensive, easily connected by utilizing PVC glue and a whole family of connectors and is easily installed, like an erector set, making it friendly to most of us DIYers. These days some codes have outlawed plain PVC for supply lines and now require CPVC (chlorinated polyvinyl chloride) which is considered safer and less likely to impart any chemical taste or hazard especially in hot water lines.
The general disadvantages of PVC or CPVC are that it is highly susceptible to ultraviolet light degradation thus should be used, primarily, in internal uses, it is more susceptible to freezing and must be highly insulated in very cold climates and is a very poor insulator for heat and cold so there can be considerable loss of energy especially in hot water lines. PVC can also be noisy especially when used for drain lines, an almost impossible problem to avoid without considerable sound deadening efforts. PVC supply lines can, like metal lines, also flex and pop causing some of the noise commonly thought of as water hammer, but water hammer, as I discussed in a previous blog, is not just solely caused by the material but by air trapped in the lines. Metallic and plastic lines, except PEX, are too inflexible to offset this action. The last home I had with PVC lines was trouble enough to cause me to never want to use it again. You could hear water draining down the piping every time a toilet was flushed or a faucet was turned on. Despite considerable efforts to insulate the piping every severe winter we experienced frozen and ruptured pipes somewhere in the house and generally the installation looked and sounded cheap. Why? Because it was.
I’m sure that there are more disadvantages and advantages that I have missed, each based on all of the individual experiences of each of us. Hopefully I have hit the high spots and I welcome and ask that you share any and all of your own personal experiences, with any of these materials, in the comments segment of this blog



Source by Richard Warren

How to Check & Fix the Plumbing Leakage Problems?

According to the federal Environmental Protection Agency, the typical U.S. home can waste up to 11,000 gallons of water per year only through household leaks. So we should pay attention to conserve this increasingly scarce resource. Here are some very useful tips to check out the leakages in your home plumbing system.

1. A Look at Water Meter: Observing your water meter can help you identify the leakages. What you need to do is to stop using water for two hours, and check the water meter before and after that period. If the meter reading fluctuates even a little bit, then you might have a leak in your plumbing system.

2. Check the Water Bill: You need to look at the water bills for the two months of the year. Say January and February, as they are the coldest months and water usage is minimum during this period. If you are a family of four member and the consumption is more than 12,000 gallons a month that means there are some serious leaks.

3. Toilet Leakages: Toilets are the common places where leaks generally happen. To identify any leaks in toilet tank, put a drop of food coloring in it and watch for some time. If the color shows up in the bowl before you flush that indicates there is some leak. The most common reason of a toilet leak is a worn out valve seal, also known as toilet flapper. Flappers are rubber parts that can decay over time and build up minerals. They are inexpensive and replacing them might sole your leakage problems.

4. Look for Leaky Faucets: Leaky faucets are one of the most common leaking causes. It is always recommended to solve such problems with your plumber. The reason behind this is that some faucets are too old to be found in the stores, and they are almost impossible to remove without painful effort. Even if you are ready to give it a try, make sure that you buy the correct replacement.

5. Leaking Showerheads: Showerheads cause big leakage problems. Leaky showerheads can be fixed by ensuring that there is a tight connection between the pipe stem and the showerhead. One can use pipe tape to secure it. Also known as Teflon tape, pipe tapes can be found on any hardware store. It is easy to apply and can help tame unruly leaks. Another thing that needs to be taken care of is to check the washer or O-ring inside the showerhead.

6. Check the Outdoor Leaks: The in-ground irrigation system needs to be checked if you have one. You should check it each spring prior to use and make sure that it wasn’t damaged by frost or freezing. Check your garden hose for leaks at its connection to the spigot. If it leaks while you run your hose, replace the nylon or rubber hose washer and ensure a tight connection to the spigot using pipe tape and a wrench.



Source by pvyas

The Importance Of Scaffolding Training

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Scaffolding training makes sense for a number of reasons. First of all, as a construction business owner you want your workers to have adequate scaffolding training to prevent accidents on the job for which you as the business owner will be responsible. Accidents happen unexpectedly as that is their nature and are never a happy event either for the person who has the accident, or for the business owner who may end up facing legal action as a result of using untrained staff to work on scaffolds. It is law in South Africa that construction companies abide by the construction regulations that are part of the Occupational Health and Safety Act of the country and proper training in scaffolding use is part of this. Regardless, no one wants to acquire an injury, let alone die, on duty which is why prevention through proper training is infinitely better than cure!

Experienced construction workers working on scaffolds can make the job look so easy, particularly from down below where the observer has both feet on the ground, but it really isn’t. Workers can be hundreds of metres off the ground, working in windy conditions with only a metal framework between them and the ground. Harnesses are an absolute must, as are helmets and goggles to keep construction dust and grit out the eyes, but what is the correct equipment worth if it’s not being correctly used, or even used at all? Workers may underestimate the importance and value of using their protective clothing and equipment correctly, and not use it correctly, which is a recipe for disaster in the long run.

This is where proper scaffolding training comes in. It not only teaches workers how to construct scaffolding but how to use it correctly to ensure their safety. Trainees learn how to erect scaffolding so that it provides a firm and steady framework at all times, as well as how to stack and store it on the ground. Workers also learn about different types of scaffolding and their load-bearing capacities and should be tested on their knowledge both practically and theoretically, if possible. Ideally, workers should receive proper training during their induction into a company and workers with experience should be sent on refresher courses. Business owners looking to send workers on scaffolding training courses can find companies offering training on the internet but should first make sure that companies offering scaffolding training are accredited by regulatory bodies.

A final word to DIY home construction enthusiasts: just because you’re doing it yourself doesn’t mean you’re exempt from scaffolding training. You may think the job you’re working on isn’t located high enough up to present a danger, but you never know. The husband of a friend of my mother’s fell off a single-storey scaffold while painting gutters and broke his leg. The poor man now walks with a limp and his gutters still aren’t painted because it took months for his leg to heal and now he doesn’t have the heart to climb up that scaffolding again to finish the job.

Gutter Glove Pro Leaf Guard System Reviewed!

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The Gutter Glove Pro leaf guard system is the #1 rated leaf screen system available on the market today. This rating was given by Consumer Reports, arguably the most reliable product rating service out there. The first thing you notice when holding it is the very rigid construction, it is made of extremely sturdy cast aluminum. The product also has a surgical screen with a type of micro mesh attached over the aluminum frame. This mesh has holes that are so small that you can barely distinguish the individual holes from each other. The openings are so small that even the smallest roofing gravel will have a hard time passing through it. You can rest assured that whatever does wash through will easily be carried down through your downspouts and has little or no chance of causing a blockage in your rain gutter system.

However, Consumer reports don’t go into detail about the the price and difficulty of installing such a heavy-duty leaf screen. The price for a consumer who wants to purchase the screens directly from Gutter Glove will pay a staggering base price of $9.00 per linear foot for the screen, which does not include shipping or any of the many accessories that are required to install. In between each piece of screen is what they call a finger, which effectively eliminates any gaps between screens and helps the system stay closed. These fingers are pricey considering you need one between every piece of screen. The Gutter Glove system also requires specialized end caps which are required on your Gutters to keep small animals such as birds and squirrels from nesting in your Gutter System. These end caps cost consumers close to $20.00 each.

If the price itself is not discouraging enough for the consumer who is wanting to DIY, the difficult installation instructions will certainly make you think twice before taking on such a project. Any decent pair of metal shears (scissors) will cut most standard leaf screen systems but this is not the case with the Gutter Glove system. Due to the cast aluminum construction of Gutter Glove Pro you will need a heavy-duty pair of metal shears or more likely a table saw with a high quality blade designed to cut metal. Always remember to wear safety goggles or glasses anytime you are working with power tools and especially when you are cutting metal or wood! It is also important to secure the fingers and fit the gutter glove screens tight against the the Gutter Glove inside miters. Improper installation of any part of the Gutter Glove system will compromise all adjacent and connecting parts of your rain gutters.

When all of these factors are considered I would not recommend Gutter Glove Pro to be installed by an amateur. In fact there are many professionals that will be unable or unwilling to install this leaf screen system for you. Make sure you choose a rain gutter company that has been in business for a while and be patient with them as they work through the various problems they are likely to encounter during an install. To have these installed on your rain gutters expect to pay between $16.00-$26.00 dollars per linear foot. These are a very pricey option but keep in mind that once installed correctly, these leaf guards have the lowest maintenance of any leaf screen on the market and the longest expected life. You can expect a properly installed Gutter Glove system to last well over 10 years with proper maintenance!

DIY PLUMBING

This article was originally written by Pat Perkins, it was so good I wanted to re post it!

How many times has someone asked you “Know a good plumber?” Would you even recognize a good plumber if you fell over one? Most of us give little thought to the health of our home’s plumbing, never mind the maintenance of our pipes, hoses, toilets, sinks, tubs, hot water heaters or garbage disposals until we are in the middle of a crises, like when the engagement ring goes down the garbage disposal or the hot water heater gives way suddenly and floods the basement.

At one time or another, each of us has probably experienced at least one of the following common plumbing problems:

* The toilet in your mother-in-law’s home won’t flush, the bowl won’t fill and you are expected at the dinner table momentarily.

* You are scalded in the shower when your wife flushes the toilet.

* You run out of hot water when showering and finish in a shivering rise of cold water.

* The leaky faucet or the running toilet keeps you up at night.

* You turn on the faucet to the hose expecting the water to come out the end of the hose; instead, the water blasts directly at you from the hose-faucet connection. Whoops, unexpected bath.

* You feel guilty wasting water at the kitchen sink but you run it anyway waiting for it to become hot.

* You try to scrub the tub, but the water takes so long to drain that you are always left with a puddle of grunge at the drain. Yuck!

* Your toilet overflowed while you were away and now you are standing in 2 inches of water.

Plumbing problems and emergencies are no joke, especially when you are in the throes of attempting to resolve one. When you need a plumber, who will you call? How will you know if your plumber is qualified to resolve your issue?

What It Takes To Become a Plumber

In a nutshell, the trade of plumbing involves working with pipes and equipment that are specifically designed to transport and drain water. As simplistic as this definition seems, the trade of plumbing includes a large number of specialties: pipe laying and fitting; HVAC, septic and sprinkler (interior and exterior) installation; and the management of drainage for public works projects (roads, bridges, developments) and utility providers. To further complicate matters, there are specialties within specialties too, each requiring specific training.

Plumbers work in commercial and residential settings and at infrastructure sites like highways and tunnels. They can be self-employed, work within an industry like construction or be hired as a contractor by a plumbing company or a government entity.

Career counselors report that successful candidates for the trade of plumbing typically exhibit high mechanical aptitudes, above average manual dexterity, solid math and problem-solving skills, and an ability to tolerate working in cramped spaces.

You might be surprised to know that plumbers are among the highest paid technicians in the construction industry, a fact that is directly related to the years of education and experience that are required to become a licensed plumber. Plumbers are expected to complete a professional training curriculum in a trade or vocational school, a 4-5 year apprenticeship and in most states, a state licensing exam.

Plumber licensing requirements vary from state to state and some states delineate between levels of plumbing expertise by correlating years of experience with various licensing levels. The most typical licensing levels are: apprentice, journey plumber, and master plumber.

There are two important factors for consumers to consider when hiring a plumber other than making sure that he/she is properly licensed. The first is to determine the plumber’s experience level and the second is to match the plumber’s specialty with the task you want done. For example, there is no point in hiring an expert pipe fitter if what you really need is a general household plumber to unstop a drain.

Protecting Your Plumbing

As much as you may admire your plumber, if you care about saving money there are a number of things that you can do yourself to protect the functioning and longevity of your home’s plumbing systems.

Garbage Disposals

* To clear a jam: Turn off the motor and the water. Find the disposal unit under the sink and insert a ¼ inch Allen wrench into the hole at the bottom of the unit. Move the wrench back and forth until it can be turned in concentric circles. After freeing the moveable parts, use tongs to remove the item that caused the jam and then push the red reset button.

* Always run COLD, not hot, water into the drain from your faucet when using the disposal.

* Avoid overloading the disposal. If you have to dispose of a large amount of food, dispose of it a little at a time.

* Don’t put high fiber foods such as celery, corn husks, artichoke leaves or onion peels into a disposal.

* Coffee grinds should not be dumped into a disposal.

* Eliminate odors caused by food particles in your disposal by running it every time you put anything into it. If odors remain, combine lemon or orange peels with ice cubes and turn your disposal on for a few seconds, then flush with cold water.

* Keep a degreasing product for disposals handy just in case.

Drains

* Children are especially hard on bathroom drains dropping everything from toothpaste caps to bubblegum down them. For this reason, always use screens on all your bathroom sink drains. These screens will keep objects from disappearing down the drain and trap hair and soap chips too. But you must remove the screens every now and then and clean them thoroughly.

* Use a strainer in your kitchen sink to trap debris and keep the disposal orifice covered when it is not in use.

* It is preferable to unclog a drain by mechanical means whenever possible. Chemical drain cleaners should be used sparingly, especially if you have brass, steel, or cast iron pipes which are easily corroded by the chemicals.

* Keep a bottle of vinegar and a box of baking soda near every sink and once a month pour one cup of the baking soda followed by one cup of the vinegar down the drain.

* It is also good idea to pour 2 or 3 gallons of boiling water down shower, tub and kitchen sink drains once a month to loosen grease and flush away trapped particles like hair.

* Pop-up stoppers in sinks and tubs should be removed twice a month and rinsed off.

* If your shower drain clogs and you have already removed and cleaned the trap and poured boiling hot water down it, try using a plunger to see if that will add the extra push needed to unjam the clog. Follow with more hot water before turning to a chemical drain cleaner or if you have a plumber’s snake, first try inserting that into the shower drain to see if it will remove the clog.

* Every bathtub has an overflow drain which also collects debris. Remove the overflow plate on the drain every 3-4 months and pull up on the pop-up assembly. Locate the spring or rocker arm, clean it and replace.

* Your washing machine hose should have a lint trap installed at the drain outlet to prevent lint clogs.

Caring for Faucets and Pipes

* Always repair or replace a leaking faucet immediately because even a slow leak can waste huge amounts of water (as much as 15-20 gallons a day). You may need to replace the faucet altogether or just the dirty or worn seal. An unattended leak can not only ruin floors and cabinets, but if the leak is caused by a worn seal, the faucet itself may become damaged and eventually require replacement.

* Keep an outdoor faucet from freezing by removing the hose from the faucet, closing the shut-off valve to the pipe that leads to the outdoor faucet, and draining the pipe of residual water by turning the faucet on again.

* Indoor frozen pipes can be a real headache and serious damage can result if they break. To prevent freezing, leave cabinet doors under the sink open on very cold days or when you will be absent for long periods to expose the pipes to the heated air in your home.

* Make sure that all pipes are well insulated to protect them from freezing temperatures and wind. This includes pipes in your unheated garage and in your basement. Keep the garage door closed to the outside on very cold days and leave the basement door open to the heated air in the rest of your home. In severe cold weather, faucets can be allowed to trickle slowly into sinks, but this practice should be avoided unless absolutely necessary so as not to waste water. If your pipes do freeze, you may be in for a long wait. Here’s what you should try before calling a plumber:

(1) turn off the main water supply to your home

(2) turn on all your faucets to relieve the pressure that can build up as the ice melts and

(3) try using a hair dryer or heat gun to thaw the pipes. NEVER USE A BLOW TORCH!

Maintaining Hoses

* You should replace the washers in all of your interior hoses twice a year and once a year for exterior hoses. In hard water areas, lime and other compounds can buildup on the inside of washers causing them to leak or squirt.

* Hoses will last longer if you run cold water through them after using hot water.

Plumbing-Related Problems and Resolutions

Water Heater

If your gas or oil-fired water heater frequently runs out of hot water during your shower or bath leaving you shivering and cold, you may need to investigate a larger unit. However, you want to be sure that you don’t buy a size larger than your needs require because keeping large quantities of water hot is an expensive proposition. Before you contact a plumber or HVAC specialist, you may want to estimate the size you think you will need to enable you to compare the prices of units that meet your estimated size requirement and then budget as necessary for a new one. The chart below will help in estimating the size you will need based on the number of gallons of hot water that you will use in an hour when your system is a peak capacity.

Shower ——————————————————-10-15 gal.

Bath ———————————————————-10-25 gal.

Shaving ————————————————————2 gal.

Hair washing —————————————————– 4 gal.

Washing hands and face —————————————-2 gal.

Preparing one meal ——————————————— 5 gal.

Dishwasher Load ——————————————- 12-15 gal.

Washing dishes by hand —————————————- 4 gal.

One load of clothes set on warm wash/cold rinse —– 10-12 gal.

When thinking about purchasing a new water heater, always look for the ASRAE/EIS energy rating. A rating of 90 or above means it is an energy efficient unit, but if the rating falls below 90, you should consider wrapping your water heater with insulation to prevent heat loss and improve its efficiency. Twice a year you should drain the sediment that accumulates at the bottom of the water heater. This is accomplished by opening the drain valve and draining about 5 gallons into a bucket until the water runs clear.

Checking for Leaks and Your Water Bill

Checking for leaks is an important part of plumbing maintenance and preventing those leaks is vital to your water usage bill. In addition to checking for dripping faucets and leaking water under sinks and around drain pipes, there are three other possibilities: a leaking toilet, an underground leak or another leak inside your home that you are unable to detect.

You can check for leaks in your toilet by adding a few drops of food coloring or several tablespoons of Kool-Aid or instant coffee to the toilet tank. Allow the toilet to sit unflushed for 30 minutes. When you return, look in the toilet bowl. If the formerly clear water has any color from the substance that you put in the tank then it has a leak and probably will need a replacement stopper and valve seat.

If your water bill suddenly takes an unexpected leap and you have ruled out the toilet and other visible leaks as sources, you may have an underground leak or a leak inside your home that you are unable to detect. There are several ways to check for a leak that you cannot see. Turn off the main water valve that serves your home and then check your water meter. If it continues to turn, you may have an underground leak. Alternately, if you plan to be away from your house for a period of time, write down the numbers on your meter before you leave and compare them to the numbers on your meter when you return. If the numbers have changed, there may be a leak somewhere inside your home.

Clogged Toilets

* Children sometimes mistake toilet bowls for personal marinas, floating everything in them from ducks, boats and fish to bars of soap. If the toilet in a bathroom is close to the sink, items like toothbrushes and toothpaste caps can also find their way into toilet bowls. To prevent unwanted doo-dads from clogging your toilet, train your children to put the lid down when they have finished and to use it only for toileting purposes. Never leave a small child unattended in a bathroom.

* If your toilet is clogged try using a plunger first, then a plumber’s snake (if you have one) to unstop it.

* In some cases where there is a low level of water in the toilet bowl, pouring a bucket of water from chest high level into the bowl will force a flush. You should repeat this several times when the water in the bowl returns to a low level.

Shower Scalds and Toilet Flushes

The need for the now infamous shout, “Don’t flush, I’m in the shower!” can be permanently done away with by correcting the pressure drop that accompanies the flush of a toilet. There is a valve at the base of every toilet which adjusts the degree of pressure with which the water runs into the toilet tank. If it is wide open, cold water rushes into the toilet tank nearly as fast as water rushes out of a faucet that is turned to the full on position, robbing the shower of cold water momentarily. There is no need for a toilet tank to be filled at lightening speed so by turning the valve off first, then opening it half a turn, you will no longer be needed to apply burn ointment to shoulders.

Waste Drains

Homeowners often forget about the health of exterior drainage pipes, but these pipes are instrumental in removing waste from your home. If one becomes clogged, your plumbing system may backfill disgorging the waste into your sinks and tubs.

* Keep tree roots away from drainage pipes. If roots become a problem, once a year or more often if necessary, call a professional who will use an electric auger to cut out the roots and clear the pipes. As long as the offending tree is alive, you will probably continue to have problems.

* If you happen to be up on your roof cleaning gutters and downspouts, flush the drain-waste and vent systems too by running you garden hose into them for several minutes at full flow.

Noisy Pipes

If you have ever lived in an old apartment building or home that is heated by radiators, then you have experienced the dubious privilege of hearing the full radiator serenade—such clanging and banking, hissing and squeaking at all decibel levels, the likes of which you will never forget. Very few homes today continue to use radiator heat, but pipes can still bang and squeak even in new homes. These problems are usually caused by loose pipes, water logged air chambers or water pressure that is too high. If the problematic pipes are exposed, you can often anchor them yourself or cushion them with insulation blankets, but other remedies such as anchoring pipes that are concealed inside walls, floors or ceilings may require a professional.

A common pipe noise that you can repair yourself is referred to as a hammer noise, named after the sharp “clunk” sound that is heard when water to an appliance or faucet is shut off quickly (washers are notorious hammerers). The sound is created by the water slamming to a stop in the pipes. The cause of the noise is usually a faulty air chamber, meaning that the length of pipe installed behind an appliance is filled up with water rather than air. To restore the air chamber to cushion the shock of a quick, water shut off:

* Turn the water off at the main shutoff valve.

* Drain the system by opening all faucets and letting them run dry.

* Close the faucets and turn the water on again. The air chambers should fill with air.

If you have restored the air chambers in the faulty pipe and you still hear a hammer noise, you may have water pressure above 80 pounds per square inch (psi). If this is the case, you may want to have a plumber install a pressure-reducing valve which will take care of the problem.

Wasting Water in the Kitchen

If it takes a while to get your water to flow from cold to hot and you hate the idea of wasting water, consider installing an instant hot water heater on your kitchen sink. This will help reduce both water heating costs and your guilt.

Sinks, drains, toilets, pipes—not the stuff of which memories are made, unless of course something goes wrong. But if disaster strikes, you will have more memories than you care to remember. Save yourself the agony and pay attention to those pipes.



Source by WES HAMILTON

The Importance of Regular Home Improvement

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Home improvement, by definition, is making changes to one’s home by making improvements on the house’s looks. Home improvement is usually done by professional contractors, handymen, and even the house owner himself. Home improvement is important because real estate’s value appreciates more if a property is well-maintained. Home improvement is seen by many as unnecessary cost. However, losing value of a real estate is usually caused by neglect in a property’s maintenance. Therefore, in the long run, regular maintenance is crucial for the property’s value to appreciate.

Regular home improvement jobs and renovations will surely make your current living conditions more favorable. People do not easily notice that some areas of the house need improvement. In the long run, regular maintenance will reduce the serious structural damages to your property. It is also important to note that there are different maintenance schedules for different areas of your house. For instance, plumbing should be checked monthly. Ovens, heating systems, smoke detectors, and the like should also be checked monthly to prevent unfortunate disasters. The garden area should be maintained regularly and should undergo rigorous maintenance every four months. This is to prevent insects and termites infestation which can cause significant damage in infrastructure. The landscape of a house should also be in good appearance to help preserve your property’s value. Refrigerators should be checked every three to four months. Check for faulty or loose wiring and avoid energy overload. The roof, on the other hand, should be checked at least every six months. Check for shingles and leaks and take care of them right away. Watch out for blocked gutters as this can lead rainwater to go inside your house. If your house is made mainly of wood, have a regular termite exterminator team visit your house.

Aside from these standard areas in the house that need improvement, remodeling or renovating is also a good idea. It can also add value to real estate. Remodeling can be as simple as changing the paint color in your living room or laying a different color of carpet in your bedroom. Something this simple can make significant changes in your house’s ambience. Renovating can be as major as tearing down the common wall of two rooms to make them one big room. Tearing down walls creates a bigger space which can be used for many purposes. Additional extensions can also be done. Additional space that can be used as garage space is useful. Home improvement tasks that require massive construction should be done by professional contractors. Make a list on what you want changed inside your homes and consult with a team of contractors. This way, you will have an idea on the costs that will be incurred as well as the extent of the repairs and improvements you can do.

Home improvement is important because essentially, it is considered taking care of your home. Aside from the additional value it gives your property, preventive maintenance and remodeling is always good to decrease future damages in your property.

Top 10 Tips For Maintaining Your Static Caravan

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A static caravan is a great investment in your families future holidays. You can enjoy amazing times in your new holiday home but you should look at after your static caravan to ensure it stays in tip top condition year on year.

I thought I would give you some hints and tips on maintaining your caravan and I will write some more detailed advice in other articles, but this one covers the main areas.

1) Gas and Electric Maintenance

Your holiday home will most likely be fitted with a gas boiler which in some cases will be connected to a central heating system.

Annual maintenance of your boiler should be completed by a competent and registered engineer, however you can ensure that it’s running smoothly and highlight any concerns to your engineer as soon as possible. This will keep your overall costs down in future years.

As for electric systems I would recommend getting these annually checked for safety. Again, you can check if the fuses are in place correctly and that when you leave your static caravan that both the electric and bass is turned off at the main connection points to your plot.

2) Exterior Maintenance

Dirt will collect on your caravan throughout the year. Cleaning the exterior of your caravan will keep it looking great and will also ensure it stays waterproof.

You can use a jet wash or a cloth and detergent to clean the outside of your caravan. Windows can be cleaned with a normal window cleaning solution.

Ask your park manager if they offer a cleaning service or know someone who does if you feel this is a too greater task for you.

3) Guttering

One area to check on a regular basis are your gutters.

Remove any leaves and debris to ensure that water can pass easily away. This is a common cause of damp in caravans so by performing this quick and simple maintenance task your static caravan will perform as expected for many years.

4) Anchor your static caravan

You might think that your caravan weighs quite a bit, but high winds in the autumn and winter can cause them to flip over.

I would recommend that you anchor caravan and check this on a regular basis. Anchor chains will be available from all good caravan accessory retailers or ask your park manager if they can recommend a solution.

Some caravan parks will check and maintain this for you, however I would ask the question rather than just think its happening!

5) Window Latches and Doors

A new caravan can be installed with double glazing and uPVC doors. However I would advise that all windows and doors close and lock securely.

A static caravan can warp as it gets older, so checking that the seals are tight and all security features are in good working is a quick precaution that can save you money in the long term.

6) Check for rust

The chassis of your caravan will be constructed from a hardy metal however you should check for rust on other areas as your caravan gets older. This would especially be the case on any fittings attached to the caravan.

7) Wheels

It’s rare to have to move your static caravan however an annual inspection of your wheels will ensure that if it is required to be moved it will easily without issues such as getting cranes in.

8) Electric Fridge and Freezer

Your fridge and freezer will get some serious use each year. When you leave your caravan for a prolong period of the time and your fridge is not required I would advise that you allow the freezer section be correctly defrosted.

This will reduce any issues of water leakage and also reduce down any damp that could be created when not in use.

9) Internal Cleaning

I would recommend that you clean your caravan on a regular basis. As you perform the cleaning you will be able to notice any signs of wear and tear that could effect the life of your static caravan.

If you are unable to perform a deep clean your park manager will be able to advise of local cleaning companies that specialise in static caravan cleaning. They will report any problems they notice to you so you can react quickly and repair any problems before they get worse.

10) Static Caravan Insurance

Please, please, please ensure you have adequate static caravan insurance.

This is one area where many owners fail to get the correct level of cover. If its too cheap, then it probably won’t meet your requirements. Check your policy wording carefully and ensure that you are correctly covered for accidents or other insurance related claims.

Home Mosquito Control – Turning Your Yard Into Hostile Territory For Mosquitoes

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Ready to get rid of those mosquitoes around the house? Great. But there’s one thing you should know about home mosquito control right up front.

There’s no silver bullet to mosquito prevention, no one product or tactic guaranteed to clear them out of your yard. And you will never be able to get them all; it’s just not possible. The best you do is thin out their numbers and lessen the odds of getting bitten when you go out of the house.

To accomplish this, you’ll have to use a combination of approaches. That includes ferreting out the possible mosquito breeding sites around your house, making the yard as inhospitable as you can, and attacking the adult swarms with everything from mosquito traps to mosquito spray.

It will take some time, and yes, cost you some money, as well, but when you’re done, you will be able to relax outside your home, confident that you’re as safe from the marauding bloodsuckers as you possibly can be.

Effective mosquito control starts with a thorough inspection of the potential battlefield, so let’s head outside for a look around.

Is your yard a breeding ground for mosquitoes?

On your way out, check all the doors and windows in the house. Every window that opens should have a screen that fits tightly into place – no gaps around the edges – and is in good repair, without cuts or holes.

Same for entrances. You need a good screen door for each. When closed, the screen door should be snug against the door frame, and the screen should not have any damage that would allow mosquitoes to get inside.

Of course, they don’t do any good if you raise the window screens along with the windows, or leave the screen door propped wide when the house door is open. Mosquitoes can and will come into the house any chance they get, so make sure to always keep the screens in place.

Outside, you need to look for standing water, in both the obvious places and the not-so-obvious. The folks at the Alameda County (Cal.) Mosquito Control District put it best on their website:

“The main rule when it comes to breeding grounds for mosquitoes is that they need stagnant water in order to lay their eggs. What most people don’t realize is the surprising number of areas around their own house where mosquitoes can find the stagnant water they need. The main rule: If it can hold water for more than a few days, it can breed mosquitoes.”

Female mosquitoes can lay their eggs in as little as an inch of water. So look for these likely places where mosquitoes can breed:

  • Tree holes – Some mosquitoes favor laying their eggs in hollowed-out places in trees where rainwater collects. Dealing with these can be tricky because insecticide might harm the tree, as could removing part of it. You may want to consult a landscaping expert or tree service for help.
  • Yard equipment – An upright wheelbarrow, an empty flowerpot, or even an abandoned shovel can hold water long enough to develop mosquito larvae. Store equipment inside, or turn it over so that rain will run off. Drill holes in the bottoms of containers that must remain outside, so they can drain.
  • Tarps – Any kind of plastic or nylon cover, whether it is draped over a stack of firewood or a boat, will eventually begin to sag and develop pockets where water can collect. Tighten them where you can and check them frequently.
  • Toys – Rain will fill toy trucks, teacup sets, or Frisbees left lying in the grass. The same for old-fashioned tire swings, which collect stagnating rainwater, or any old tire left laying in the yard. Make sure the kids pick up after themselves, and get rid of the tires.
  • Puddles – You may have low spots in the yard where water gathers and is slow to drain. If the water stands for more than a week at a time, you’ll get mosquitoes during the warm months. Fill in the spots, install drainage pipes, or change the landscaping to keep the water away.
  • Rain gutters – When the gutters on your house get clogged with debris, water can back up and become stagnant. Check the gutters regularly, especially if you have heavy leaf fall. Also, keep the yard raked. Overturned leaves hold water, and mosquitoes like to breed in them.
  • Birdbaths and wading pools – Take a hose to the birdbath at least once a week during warm weather to keep the water from stagnating. Turn the kids’ pool over and stand it up against a wall when they aren’t using it. If you have a swimming pool, make sure you clean and service it regularly.

OK, you’ve taken care of the standing water in the yard. Now, since mosquitoes like to rest in warm, moist vegetation during the day, make sure you keep the grass cut and the bushes trimmed, and clear all the weeds out of the flower beds regularly. Water the grass and plants enough to keep them healthy, but avoid doing it so much everything stays wet.

Natural mosquito control around the home

Next, you may want to make a few additions to the yard that can help control mosquitoes organically.

You’ve probably heard of the citrosa, called the “mosquito plant,” that’s supposed to miraculously repel mosquitoes just by its presence. Unfortunately, that’s not completely true. Mosquito control studies have shown that an undisturbed citrosa has very little effect on the pesky bloodsuckers.

However, the citrosa leaves do contain citronella oil, which is a mosquito repellent. And there are other plants with oils and fragrances believed to irritate mosquitoes, including citronella grass, lemon thyme, catnip and rosemary.

The trick is that you have to crush the leaves in order to release the mosquito repellents. Not terribly effective as an active measure, but it might be worth planting some around your favorite spots, so you can rub the leaves on your skin when you’re outside, to help keep the mosquitoes away.

This is also a good time to think about a small decorative pond to aid in mosquito control.

If you have one already, it’s a good bet mosquitoes breed in it, unless it gets a constant flow of fresh water. A natural way to treat the pond for mosquitoes is to stock it with gambusia, also known as the mosquito eating fish.

Gambusia feed on mosquito larvae, primarily wigglers at the surface. They grow to about two inches and require no care. About 35 to 100 are enough to keep a small ornamental pond relatively free of mosquitoes, according to Rutgers University entomologists.

Many local mosquito control districts will provide them for free as long as they are kept somewhere that does not connect to other water environments. Gambusia are predatory fish and have been known to feed on the young of other native species.

Meanwhile, if you don’t have a pond, it could be a good idea to get one installed. Designed correctly, a small decorative pond can attract dragonflies, sometimes known as “mosquito hawks” because they feed on both mosquito larvae and adult mosquitoes.

The British Dragonfly Society recommends the pond be at least 130 square feet, but obviously, you can go much smaller. Put it somewhere protected from wind, but where it can receive direct sunlight to keep the dragonflies warm.

The pond needs to be deep at one end, at least two feet, and shallow at the other, so dragonfly larvae, called “nymphs,” can dive when threatened by predators and eventually crawl out of the water once they’ve grown.

Stock the pond with native aquatic plants that rise above the surface, giving the larvae a place to rest and hide in the roots, and the young adults a place to rest out of the water. Also plant shrubs close by to encourage the adults to stick around.

Surround the pond with flat, light-colored rocks. Some dragonflies like to land on flat rocks to sun themselves.

One quick note: You may have heard that bats and purple martins also are handy to have around because they eat mosquitoes. But researchers say those are fallacies. Bats prefer other insects, with mosquitoes making up less than one percent of their diet. Purple martins are partial to dragonflies.

Mosquito spraying and other forms of attack

Now that you’ve turned your yard downright unfriendly toward mosquitoes, it’s time to take a little more aggressive action. Again, you’ll need to use a combination of tactics.

One of those involves insecticide.

You can kill mosquito larvae in standing water with a product like Mosquito Bits, which contains the Bacillus thuringiensis israeliensis bacteria, the most effective larvacide, or you can apply a larvacidal oil to the water’s surface to keep the larvae from breathing.

Adults are susceptible to foggers and mosquito spray.

Foggers heat insecticide and release it into the yard in low volumes, killing mosquitoes on contact, but the fog, and its effectiveness, wear off within a few hours. A mosquito spray, such as permethrin or bifenthrin, lasts a little longer and can be used to coat areas where mosquitoes like to rest.

Spray the grass, trees, bushes, wooden fences and walls of the house, then let it dry. The poison, a synthetic version of the insecticide produced by the chrysanthemum plant, kills mosquitoes on contact by attacking their nervous systems.

You can find larvacides, foggers and sprays in most hardware and home improvement stores.

Believe it or not, you are still going to have mosquitoes, even after all of this. Different tricks work with different species, and there could be tens of thousands of mosquitoes from a dozen or more species flying around your neighborhood.

To add the next layer of protection, replace the regular lights bulbs in your outside lights with yellow bulbs, which attract significantly fewer insects. Then, put a mosquito trap in your yard, away from the deck, patio or anywhere you normally spend time.

Mosquito traps mimic the attractants that draw female mosquitoes to feed on human bodies. They release carbon dioxide and Octenol, found in exhaled breath and sweat, and they emit heat and light in ranges designed to stimulate the mosquitoes.

The traps can lure mosquitoes from more than 100 feet away, then sweep them through a fan into a container where they die. While you sit comfortably, the mosquitoes are tricked away from you to another corner of the yard and quietly disposed of by your trap.

Within about two months of running the trap, you can expect to see significant reductions in the local mosquito population, as female after female is drawn in and dies without laying more eggs.

And that’s it. You have implemented a thorough, comprehensive program of home mosquito control. Now put on a little mosquito repellent with DEET – you can’t be too careful – and go enjoy a nice summer evening outdoors.

5 Advantages of Aluminium Gutters

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Guttering is something that is vital for every home. It protects homes from getting damaged by rainwater. By installing a guttering system, one can keep water off from damaging the roof. However, it requires a bit of planning when it comes to picking up the right guttering material. Nowadays aluminium gutters are gaining popularity in the market. They have fast established themselves as are one of the most well performing and valued rainwater systems. Nevertheless, the homeowners have also started to capitalize the advantages of aluminium rainwater gutters.

Aluminium gutters is certainly the most popular form of guttering and the reasons why they have become popular amongst architects and builders isn’t very difficult to understand. This rainwater system really offers a vast array of advantages. When assessing the benefits, which aluminium rainwater guttering system offers, it becomes easier to fathom why they are installed on all kinds of properties.

There are several advantages associated with aluminium guttering system. Let us now read some of the advantages.

Durability

Aluminium rain gutters are durable. There are many homeowners who think steel gutters to be a good option but in reality it isn’t. Although steel gutters are quite often used but they start rusting generally after five years of installation when the paint breaks off. Aluminium rainwater gutters last for long and never rust. Gutters made up from aluminium normally lasts for about thirty years.

Cost

There is one more advantage of aluminium rainwater guttering system. They are easy on wallet. This means you don’t have to spend much buying gutters made from aluminium. They are in fact one of the cheapest kinds of gutters available in the market. Steel gutters cost about twenty dollars per foot whereas aluminium gutters cost between four to eight dollars per foot.

Installation

Besides being the cheapest option, aluminium rain gutters are also quite easy to install. Installation of copper and steel gutters needs the help of professionals because they require soldering of joints. However, aluminium rainwater gutters do not need soldering at the time of installation. Moreover, they are lightweight and thus can be shaped quite easily at the time of installation.

Leaking

Aluminium rain gutters don’t leak. Moreover, aluminium rainwater gutters are available in seamless designs. This means cutting makes them from a long piece of aluminium rather than by attaching some smaller aluminium pieces of together. Thus there are no joiners in seamless aluminium rainwater gutters and so there is no chance of leakage.

Colour

The last advantage of aluminium rain gutters is its colours. If you install a gutter that is made from aluminium you can choose from a wide variety of colours. Most of the types of gutters are available in limited variety of colours. Moreover, gutters made from steel are rather difficult to paint. However, if you are unable to find the colour that you are looking for, you can at least paint the aluminium gutter to a suitable colour that matches with your taste.

HEEL-TASTIC–The Real Plumber’s Helper

You know the plumber that comes to your house to repair what your husband fixed?  Well, that’s my brother, Paul.  He used to complain about what his heavy rough leather work boots did to his feet, especially his heels.  He showed me his nasty feet one day…it wasn’t pretty.  It hurt me to look at the dry, cracked skin on his heels and the brewing infections!

A few weeks ago when I had caught up on my “honey-do’s”, I saw one of these AS SEEN ON TV ads for HEEL-TASTIC.  My work-in-the-yard boots rub my heels so that what isn’t rough and calloused is split. My feet were starting to look like my brother’s, except when his boots get soaked in nasty stuff, he gets really bad infections.  So when I happened to glance up and saw this HEEL-TASTIC balm, it got my attention.  With the economy the way it is, I figured I could try anything if I could get my money back if it didn’t work.  When I saw I could get a refund less shipping if I was unhappy with it, it sealed the deal.

I ordered.  It came quicker than I expected, and I began using it right away.  I liked that it rolled on, and I didn’t have to get any dainty smelling creme on my hands.  Paul liked that a bunch too.  He’s now using HEEL-TASTIC three or four times a day.   Once in the morning, when he stops for lunch, during the afternoon break and after clean-up at night.  It did take about a week before I noticed that it was working for me.

HEEL-TASTIC doesn’t just set on top of the skin, but the balm really does soak in.  They advertise that it’s anti-fungal and anti-bacterial.  Paul hasn’t had any of the sores that he used to get since he started using it, and both of our rough and calloused skin has begun to look normal again.  I guess the fancy oils it’s made of really do work.

So now, I’ve got my brother, his helper and my wife using HEEL-TASTIC.  For the price, you can’t go wrong.  It’s one of these 2 for 1 deals.  Buy one for 10 bucks, get one free with just an extra $6.99 shipping charge.  They throw in a bonus manicure type grooming kit that the little lady really likes.  I don’t know how HEEL-TASTIC works, but if it helps everyone like it’s helped us, it’s a great deal for a great product!



Source by Uncle Al

Cesspools, Septic Tanks, Plumbers, and Plumbing History

You wake up one radiant Saturday morning, looking forward to doing some gardening around your magnificent new Pre-Revolutionary Colonial home in tony Westchester.

You throw open the bay windows, taking in the expanse of benevolent blue skies, your magnificent garden bursting with Daffodils and Tiger Lilies, the wild ducks luxuriating just beyond in the shimmering pond, beneath a ring of White Oaks and Sugar Maples.

You take in a deep breath of fresh air –

Then, you’re rolling on your Persian rug, gagging uncontrollably…

The aroma of your splendid natural setting hits you with all the power and putrescence of a toxic waste dump.

What’s the problem?

This is Westchester. Not some 4th-world village with shallow roadside trenches filled with human excreta.

Then, you remember, just before purchasing your dream house, a friend suggested to check the condition of the septic tank.

What Is It?

A typical septic tank has a volume of 750-1500 gallons, and may be made of concrete, steel, or fiberglass. They are watertight chambers that promote the growth of anaerobic bacteria for the biological decomposition of sewage, and the separation of grease and organic particles from the wastewater. Septic tanks are constructed with baffles or sanitary tees to prevent the flow-through of floating solids, and to minimize the possibility of the raw sewage from leaving the tank, and disturbing the settled sludge and floating scum.

A septic system combines a septic tank and a leaching system. The leaching system may include leach lines, leach beds, or seepage pits. Drywells are another term for seepage pits, with the distinction being that they typically handle no sewage and simply re-direct storm water into the ground. Sometimes the term “cesspool” is used, but it’s actually archaic. There are a few cesspools manufactured, but they don’t permit the flow-through of septic tanks, and are only used for temporary purposes.

In terms of modern plumbing, waste from your home enters and exits the top portion of the buried septic tank. In the interim, the bacteria in the tank’s liquid environment do their work by breaking down solids into a liquid called effluent. Effluent exits the tank, next enters the leaching system, before finally seeping back into the ground.

When You Need a Plumber

If you begin detecting unwelcome odors, find yourself sinking into soggy and lushly green areas in your lawn, or suddenly discover a fetid backup in your sink, shower, or bathtub, the chances are your septic tank’s leaching system has failed.

Septic tanks can suffer structural damage or deteriorate over time. Most problems are created by blockages in the plumbing or leaching systems, or the pipe running between your home and the tank. Minor obstructions can be solved with household plumbing equipment, but serious ones require a plumber.

Over time, tree roots can also enter the drainpipes choking off the refuse. Also, the soil surrounding the leaching system can become clogged, and when all the sludge and scum is not periodically removed from the tank, they’re transported out into the absorption field.

Benefits

Aside from unclogging pipes, repairing leaching systems, or replacing severely damaged septic tanks, an experienced plumber will know how to find your tank if you don’t even know where it is.

Your general contractor should have provided you with a plot plan, indicating the septic system’s whereabouts. But if you’ve somehow lost or misplaced the records, and can’t obtain them from your city or county’s heath department, a savvy plumber will zone in on your septic tank by probing the ground with a metal rod to locate the pipeline. Or, he’ll follow the pipeline from the house by listening to the noise a metal snake making final contact with the tank inlet. Water probes are another method he might utilize to locate a tank that’s gone M.I.A.

Risks

Don’t buy a septic tank that’s too small for your house. Larger units have many advantages including longer detention times, permit better separation, and less carry-over of scum and sludge. These factors prolong the life of the subsurface leach lines, leach beds, and seepage pits. Yes, larger tanks are more expensive, but require less frequent cleaning, and allow for future home expansion.

Cess Pool History 101

The Romans were innovators in sewage control, most notably with the cloaca maxima, circa 800 BC. These open drains carried away storm water, but designed in such a way that the rains also flushed away piles of excrement and household rubbish thrown into the streets. These Roman sewer geniuses also developed the cesspool, the forerunner of a modern-day septic tank. Sewage flowed into a large stone vat, where heavy solids settled to the bottom, and lighter particles floated to the top. The partially cleaned liquid was drained into a river or the sea. The collected sludge was then used as fertilizer or buried.



Source by Yodle

How to Get Rid of Moths the Easy and Effective Way

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While moths seem harmless enough, there are actually a couple of diseases instigated by these critters. Just like all flies and mosquitoes, they tend to visit very dirty places such as sewage, gutters and mouldy walls. They transfer the bacteria, germs, virus and other micro organisms they carry from these places into your food or your walls of your home. These micro organisms can trigger a number of illnesses.

There are also cases wherein moths and their caterpillars cause skin diseases. These creatures actually have very tiny spurs on their legs, especially the larger moths. If the moth happens to land on any part of your skin, some of the spurs in their legs will stay on your pores. This might sting or lead to a case of dermatitis.

Certain species of moths are also capable of biting your skin just like ants. If you hate ants and use ant killer, you should also consider ways on how to get rid of moths. Some moths are also a lot like fleas, in that some types of moths can even feed on human blood.

The spurs in the legs of moths might also cause allergic reactions. They can trigger the excessive production of histamine that might cause difficulty in breathing, enlargement of the tongue or tonsils, swelling of the skin and lips and even blisters. Eye infection caused by hair or spurs of moths might also be experienced when it gets in contact with the eyes.

If you go the extra mile in buying ant killer, you should also consider getting a good moth repellent. The most common moth repellent used by many is the mothball. They come in packs. However, not many people like the pungent odour of these mothballs. They certainly do not want to use them in keeping moths away from their clothes. While it does a good job in keeping moths away from clothes, they also tend to make the cabinet and the clothes smell bad.

To learn how to get rid of moths, you should consider consulting the professionals. If you are already dealing with an infestation in the attic or the bedroom, it should be left to the experts to prevent moths from coming back.

The thing is, treatments really depend on what they are feeding on and how large the affected areas are. For instance if you are getting rid of fleas, you have to go beyond the infected pet. Some of the most common treatments for infestations are fumigation, usage of smoke generators and usage of insecticides.

There is also the problem of the eggs. While adult moths can be easily killed with the use of insecticides, the eggs are a mite more resilient. They requires special insecticides that will be placed in the areas where the adult moths laid their eggs. After the initial infestation has been treated, you can proceed to the task of finding good quality moth repellents that you can stick to in order to prevent future infestations.

Just like when getting rid of fleas or buying ant killer, learning how to get rid of moths can take a lot of initial work. You have to first inspect signs of infestation and determine what species of moth has attacked your house. This way, you can really find good quality treatments that will do their job.

Just like when getting rid of fleas, make sure you also look for high quality moths pest control products. While there are many products and insecticides in the market, not all of them will really work for you.

One of the most preferred solutions for getting rid of moths is moth traps. They look like your ordinary fly trap. They are mostly used to get rid of pantry moths. To make the moth traps more effective, you can purchase pheromone squares which actively attract moths. So if you are having infestation in your pantry, this should be an ideal solution.

We cannot do anything to completely stop the existence of pests. There are many ways to control them by using ant killer pesticides or natural pest killers. Getting rid of fleas, moths and ants can be easier if you know what exactly you are dealing with. Especially with moths, you have to know what the species you are dealing with is, so you have a better idea on how to get rid of the moths.

Rain Gutters Detached From the Eaves? Two Screwy Ways to Reattach Them Permanently

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The problem

A recurring problem with the spike attached rain gutters is their sagging and pulling away from the boards they are nailed to. This problem must be repaired fairly quickly so the guttering will carry the rain water away from the house or building before any lack-of-drainage damage happens to it.

This problem happens most often to the seamless guttering that has been rapidly spike-nailed to its adjoining fascia boards and underlying rafter ends instead of being attached to them with wrap-around clamps or long screws. These so-called spike-nails, which are also guided through cylindrical spacer tubes (called ferrules) to keep the gutter width even, give the guttering a clean smooth appearance when its installation is done. However, over time this nail-to-wood attachment loosens under the varied weather conditions (dampness, ice, snow) and the weight of the rain water itself. The gutter then sags or pulls away from the eaves. Numerous ways to fix this problem have been suggested, everything from stuffing the spike holes with splinters of wood to using epoxy glue in them. However, two ways to fix this problem with long screws are listed below.

Fix 1 — replace the gutter spike-nail with a gutter screw.

A standard and straightforward fix is to replace the spike-nails with a gutter screws, which can be purchased in packages of 10 at local hardware stores for about $10. These gutter screws are the same 7″ length as the common spike-nails used on home guttering, but their threaded portion is slightly wider than the body of the spike itself. These screws have thin flat heads similar to those of the spike-nails. However, they will not take a typical screwdriver bit. Instead, they have sunken square sockets that must be turned with a square driver-bit that comes with the package. These sockets are also left unpainted so the driver-bit will fit into them properly. Thus, for a smooth final appearance, these sockets could need touch-up painting when the replacements are done.

Also, since the threaded portion of these gutter screws are only slightly thicker the spike-nails, they will not take secure bites into the fascia boards if the original spike holes are dry rotting or enlarged for any reason. For that reason, the gutter screws might not hold the guttering in place for long. These holes can be examined before purchasing the gutter screws. If they look soft or enlarged, the following alternate fix might be preferred to the gutter screw.

Fix 2 — replace the gutter spike-nail with a sizable lag-screw.

A second and possibly better fix is to replace the spikes with 5/16-to-3/8″ lag-screws that are the same lengths as the original spikes. For residential  guttering (4-5″ wide) that length is about 7″. For large barns, warehouses, and certain commercial buildings having larger guttering (6-7″) that length will be close to the length of the original spikes used on that guttering, about 8″ or so. These relatively thick and sturdy threaded lag-screws will take secure bites into the fascia-board holes even if they are slightly worn. These lag-screws will also fit through the original ferrule spacers fairly well, and they are easily screwed into place with ordinary ratchets or wrenches. Lag-screws of all lengths can be obtained at hardware stores.

Generally, the functionality of the larger (6-7″) gutters is more important than their having final smooth appearances. Thus, the raised hexagonal head shapes of the installed unpainted lag-screws is not an issue most of the time. Still, they can be touched-up with matching paint if desired after the gutter reattachment is done.

10 Maintenance Tips to Keep Your Septic System Running Smoothly

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Correct Maintenance of your on-site Septic is the key to keeping your system running smoothly. Although Septic Systems should last between 20-30 years, neglecting regular maintenance on your system could result in early deterioration of your septic and drainfield systems, and lead to expensive repair or replacement costs much earlier in your Septic System’s lifetime.

Think of your septic system as a vehicle. With regular maintenance, fluid changes and system checks on your car, it could have a lifetime of 20-30 years. The same can be said about your septic system. Regular Maintenance and Inspections will catch problems early in their stages, and allow you to fix those problems before they lead to a system failure, potentially saving you thousands of dollars in replacement cost. Here are ten maintenance tips to keep your OSS running smoothly for years to come.

1. Have your Septic System pumped regularly.

The average home will need to have the septic tank pumped out every three to five years. Without regular system pumping, solids could overload the Septic tank(s) and sludge could leach into the drainfield. Drainfield effluent should be clear of these solids to keep the system running cleanly.

2. Divert all access runoff away from your septic tank.

All gutters and drainpipes should be directed away from your Septic Tank(s) and Drain Fields. By diverting all access runoff away from your system, you are allowing the septic to treat the waste and greywater it was meant to treat effectively. If you allow this runoff to enter the system, your septic could become hydronically overloaded, allowing the drainfield to become oversaturated and not do it’s job properly.

3. Make sure all access lids and ports are sealed tight.

Quite often, water can penetrate poorly sealed lids and ports and cause problems in your septic system. When water gets into these cracks and crevaces it can hydrolically overload your septic system and cause the drainfield to become oversaturated. This is often more of a problem with pressure type systems. It causes pumps to run constantly, overworking the pump and wasting energy and money.

4. Have your Septic System inspected routinely.

The State of Washington currently requires all homeowners to have their Septic System tested every year for all types of systems, except for Gravity feed systems, which need to be inspected every three years. By having your system inspected regularly you will be able to diagnose and fix problems early before they become failures.

5. Have the proper drawings and sitemaps for your system.

When your septic system is installed, there should be a site map, or plot map drawing showing all of the components of your septic system. By having this handy you can eliminate having to guess where your septic tank, pump tanks, transport lines, or Drainfields are located in case of an emergency that needs immediate attention. If you don’t have a site map or there is not one on record with your health department, it would be wise to have Septic Designer/Architect create one for you.

6. Do not cover or obstruct the System in any way.

Do not cover or obstruct the Septic System components or Drainfield with any Asphalt, Concrete, Decks, Framing or Structures that would impede you from accessing these areas. Keep vehicles off your septic system. Their pressure can yield damage to the pipes and tank, and your system may not drain properly under compacted soil. If you need to replace any of these components in the future it will be difficult to access them with any of the before mentioned items obstructing them.

7. Don’t introduce Septic tank additives or “rejuvenators” in your septic tank.

Whether they claim to break up sludge or scum or to unclog drain fields, or biologically-based septic additives like septic tank yeast cultures, septic tank bacteria, starter bacteria, or septic tank enzymes. These can actually damage your system, causing frothing and excessive activity and thus preventing normal settling of solid wastes. Check with your local health department or authority if you are considering introducing additives.

8. Do not flush any items other than septage or toilet tissues.

By using your toilet as a trash receptacle you are introducing unacceptable items, some which will never decompose or chock inlets/outlets, and will require constant pumping of the septic tank. Limit the use of toilet bowl and drain cleaners because they are harmful to the friendly bacteria that aid in the decomposition of the solids in the septic tank. Do not use a sink disposal unit if you are on a septic system. While those units grind up waste foods, most septic systems are not designed or capable of dealing with such undigested solids.

9. Refrain from using heavy oils or cleaners.

Never dump cooking oil or grease or such oily substances in sinks or toilets. As these substances float on water, they pose a threat of clogging the inlet pipes by filling up upper part of septic tank. This oil can also transfer into the transport pipes, solidify, and cause excessive buildup that can cause blockage of the drainfield.

10. Do not plant large vegetation over your Drainfield.

Do not plant any trees or large shrubs over the septic area, drainpipes or drainfield/leachfields. The roots from these plants will eventually grow into the drain lines and obstruct or damage them. Grasses or small plants are OK, as long as the root system is shallow and will not impede or block drain lines.

By following these 10 tips and Maintenance techniques your Septic System should last for many years to come!

The Dos and Don’ts of Upgrades

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When it comes to optioning the house, the primary question an investor should be asking themselves upon an acquisition is whether or not the option selected will contribute to the sell-ability of the house, relative to the actual cost. Obviously, there’s a point of diminishing return if one builds a Taj Mahal in a land of tract homes. Despite the urge to go all out and deck the place to the tee, please resist the temptation. Doing so will only cut down on your return. This is particularly important given the fact that since it is an investment, an investment with an unknown value, it isn’t prudent to put some of the potential gain at risk by purchasing unnecessary design upgrades that aren’t critical.

More often than not, homebuilders are aware of this vulnerability. This is more then ever true for investors, for whom they will provide a glut of options and upgrades that are grossly marked up. This type of financial exploitation provides an income stream that is indispensable to many homebuilders, such as KB Home, who are notorious for their exuberant cost upgrades and options. This system is so elaborate that their design department is a whole corporation of its own-which is known as KB Home Studio and rivals that of most high-end design centers. Not only are these stand-alone profit centers, KB Home has a separate business unit with senior vice presidents, AVPs, regional heads, etc., to take care of this organizational monster. The great thing about this apparatus is that it offers a plethora of design upgrades and options that are really top-shelf. The only problem is that you usually have to pay an arm and a leg to get these wonderful amenities.

To relate a story, the first time I went through a KB Home Studio, it was baptism by fire. I spent over eight hours in the design center, split over two days. At $35,000 plus in upgrades, I estimated that it cost me about $4,300 an hour to shop in their design center. You can see why I was happy to get out of there. Keep in mind also, that you may be required to pay a fraction of the upgrade costs in the form of a deposit soon after selection. This is almost a certainty and industry standard. On average, the deposit amount runs 25 percent to 50 percent and are usually nonrefundable. The consequence of this deposit requirement is apparent, in that it makes it more difficult, especially as an investor, to walk away from a transaction.

In spite of the latter, you can see on a pure convenience factor, it’s hard not to like that a homebuilder can offer you lots of options. Having the “convenience factor” available is all good and well; however, it becomes somewhat of an entrapment issue when the builder offers a plain vanilla box without any or few upgrades. In these cases, sometimes builders will only go to “code”-meaning, only providing what is necessary to have the local housing department or building and safety, at the city or the county level sign off on the property and give it a certificate of occupancy. This for instance, may mean no rain gutters, no landscaping in the front or back, unfinished garages, which typically consist of drywall with a coat of primer, or an unfinished garage consisting of the latter but with exposed 2×4 studs, sheetrock, chicken wire and black installation coversheet. Other more obvious “standards” include all vinyl flooring and small 4×4 white tile for the kitchen countertops, or cheap laminate for that matter. To top it all off, in terms of complete ugly-fication, you might get the builders’ special quarter-inch clustered marble countertops in the bathroom.

There’s a reason why even home design centers at Home Depot or Lowe’s highlight these amenities, and that’s because they’re cheap and nobody really wants them. Consequently, many homebuilders offer the standards in order to eek out as much money as possible out of each home they build. As a result, a new homeowner and/or investor is essentially forced into buying options and various upgrades in order to avoid the home looking like a plain Jane. Having too much of a plain Jane can actually hurt a home’s value. As an investor, it’s up to you to define the balance without overspending on a new tract flip. That’s the nature of making a business decision: you have to use your judgment. I’ve seen some homes that were literally destroyed from the inside out given the extreme lack of appeal that permeated the house as a result of no upgrades. As an example, spending an additional $4,000 to $6,000 on upgraded floorways and kitchen countertops is probably well advised. Most carpeting, even if it doesn’t have stain guard, should be adequate for most homes. Don’t be pressured into upgrading into a thicker padding for the carpet. Just go with the standard one-quarter inch, since most builders will try to get an extra $700 to $1,200, if not more, added to the cost of the house just for upgraded padding.

Advantages and Disadvantages of the Main Types of Bike Racks in the Market

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There are three main types of bike carriers; hitch mounted, strap on and roof mounted. Each comes with its own set of advantages and disadvantages.

Hitch-mounted racks

These attach to a hitch at the back of the vehicle. There are two types.

• Class I carriers are compatible with a large number of cars and small Sports Utility Vehicles (SUVs). Depending on the design, they can hold up to three bikes.

• Class III carriers are designed for use with pickups and large SUVs. They can hold a larger number of bikes than Class I racks. Unfortunately, they cannot be used on smaller vehicles without expensive modifications.

These carriers are extremely easy to install, and there is generally less chance of accidentally scratching the paint off a vehicle while mounting bikes.

However, without proper installation, they can block rear windows, increasing the possibility of causing accidents while reversing, or cover license plates, which is considered illegal in many jurisdictions.

Strap-on trunk-mounted racks

These carriers are attached with straps to the trunk, rear bumper or hatchback, and carry up to three bicycles. They come with padded or plastic-coated frame supports to protect the bicycles from scratches and other damage.

Strap on racks are cheap and easy to store when not in use. They are also versatile, and can be used on virtually any model, which makes them particularly suitable for leased vehicles.

Unfortunately, like hitch-mounted racks, they can block the rear window if installed poorly. They are also less secure, as it is possible for thieves to untie or cut straps attaching bike racks to the vehicle.

Roof-mounted racks

These are attached to the vehicle’s upper door frames or rain gutters, or where available, cross bars or roof racks, which is generally cheaper. Depending on the size of the vehicle, up to seven bicycles can be carried. A special case can be added if extra storage space for tools and other equipment is needed. When it is not being used for holding bikes, the rack can be also used for carrying canoes and skis.

While roof-mounted racks guarantee unobstructed view from the rear window, they are more difficult to install. Other disadvantages include increased air resistance, which can lead to increased fuel consumption and wind noise, and the increased likelihood of scratching paint as bikes are lifted onto the vehicle roof.

Knowing the advantages and disadvantages of the main types of bike racks on the market can make it easier to figure out which one to pick.

Basic Plumber Tools To Keep Around

You never know what kind of emergency might pop up unexpectedly around the house. That’s why everyone has some basic tools in the home to be prepared. For the same reason, it is important to keep around some basic plumber tools for any of those minor repairs you may need to do. You don’t have to be an expert on plumbing, but you need to know basic repairs to at least hold off until the expert shows up.

Items To Keep In Your Plumber Tools Kit

The most commonly used of the plumber tools are the water-pump pliers. Sometimes these are also called plumber’s pliers or even channel-lock pliers. The serrated teeth on the pliers help you hold on tight to the pipe. The are necessary because any other tool would make it near impossible to hold on well to the pipe.

Another of the plumber tools that needs to be available is the adjustable open-end wrench. This tool can sometimes be all you need when there is a leak, because the problem could just be a loose nut-bolt. So the job of the adjustable open-end wrench is to tighten any loose nut-bolts. Since the nut-bolts can be various sizes, you will need a few different sizes of the adjustable open-end wrench to accommodate them.

Tightening the pipe can be done using a pipe wrench. Keeping this with your plumber tools is nice because the pipe wrench can place a lot of pressure on the pipe without changing the pipe’s shape. Without this tool, you could end up damaging the pipe and creating an even bigger problem. Since one of the main reasons for owning plumber tools is to save money by doing it yourself, making a bigger mess would defeat the purpose and cause you to pay a lot for someone to come in and make repairs.

If you have ever tried to loosen or tighten nuts and bolts under a sink, you know how difficult it can be. That’s why you will need to add a basin wrench to your plumber tools. The basin wrench makes it easier to loosen and tighten nuts and bolts because of its convenient shape.

If you are looking to do more than minor repairs, you will want to consider having a pipe cutter, reaper, and emery cloth in the mix of your plumber tools. A pipe cutter can make precise cuts in the pipe, while a reamer can get rid of the residue in the pipe. Then you can use the emery cloth to clean the pipe. Just make sure that if you plan to do these repairs, you follow directions to the letter and follow all safety rules.

Other helpful things to add to the plumber tools kit are washers, threads, pipe cleaning tools, joint compound, Teflon tape, nuts and bolts, etc. After you have combined all the plumber tools mentioned in this article, you will have spend about $100-200. This isn’t bad for a home owner, especially considering the money you can save by doing your own repairs.



Source by Mike Walker

How to Eliminate Cockroaches From Your Home

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Cockroaches survive in dirty humid areas and are commonly found in apartments and dorms. Hiring an expert exterminator is often a good option, but there are steps you can take into your own hands for household pest control. Household bug control might be very difficult when it comes to killing cockroaches, therefore preventative methods ought to be taken before they infest your home.

Follow the common sense methods below for pest control management to avoid an infestation of roaches.

Keep Trashcans, Drains and Counters Clean

Roaches always like to hide in the daytime, and make their appearance during the night time. Frequently spotted in the kitchen, they are attracted to food left out on the kitchen counter, trash receptacles, sinks as well as old filth. Make it a priority to keep all of these places be very clean.

Put Remaining Meals Away to Avoid Cockroach Infestation

Place uneaten meals inside the refrigerator, cabinets or inside the garbage. Dump any waste and clear your kitchen sink of filthy dishes regularly. Run the kitchen sink garbage disposal frequently to remove food residue.

Sprinkling the kitchen sink and the garbage disposal with baking soda gets rid of lingering smells which often appeal to roaches. You can ask the pest exterminators to spray outdoor garbage receptacles during pest elimination visits. In between pest elimination visits, employ organic pest control treatments.

Seal Places that Cockroaches can Enter for Household Pest Control

Roaches frequently come in through places wherever there is moisture, have an exterminator or possibly a handy person investigate regions in the home around all drains, dish washers, toilets, tubs as well as run offs from gutters for access points. Close off all possible areas where a cockroach might be able to enter.

If you do have a pest management company come to your home, request for them to use chemicals outdoors that are not harmful to animals or kids.

In case you are residing in an apartment or dorm, it can be very difficult to permanently get rid of cockroaches mainly because you would need to have confidence in other people’s living habits. It is very possible to reduce the occurrence of these annoying pests and keep your apartment or dorm free from roaches. You just have to be persistent in keeping things clean and regularly make use of the above mentioned tips.

GREEN PLUMBING

Gallons of water are being washed down the drain with each passing day. Green plumbing is an initiative on the consumers’ part to design and execute a plumbing layout that stops incessant wastage of water and energy. Green plumbing is when the residential plumbing layouts and designs offer maximum efficiency and bare minimum wastage of energy. It has suddenly become a rage these days; people are switching to green plumbing and making a conscious effort to save water.

The plumbers are being trained and imparted with special skills to cope up with the growing fad. Green plumbers help people with their home improvement and plumbing layouts in order to eliminate unnecessary wastage with minor changes in the traditional plumbing designs. There is wide array of techniques that green plumbers implement, put you on the right path to reap in huge benefits.

There are many companies offering green plumbing services. An extensive research about companies and their services is very crucial. It is fairly easy to get in touch with a green plumber or a company that provides the services through their websites and contact information.

The various techniques can be implemented in residential areas as well as commercial properties. These include changing the traditional fixtures and faucets to water saving fixtures, energy saving water heaters and remodeling the plumbing layout according to green plumbing guidelines. Some of the basic methods to apply green plumbing are:

Water Saving, Energy Efficient Plumbing Products

  • Toilets
  • Sink and Showers
  • Water Heaters
  • Hot water re-circulating
  • Rain sensors

Energy saving products with EPA star rating is a favorable option. There is wide assortment to choose the equipments depending on their viability and considering the budget.

Toilets: there are many types of green plumbing solutions for toilets.  Composting- this type of toilet does not require any sewage disposal system instead it decomposes the waste products into useful fertilizers and manures. There are many odorless and waterless models available for this type. Low flow, dual flush toilets- this type of system is a significant water saver. The dual flush mechanism allows you to choose the amount of water required for the waste. Waterless urinals- they are the latest products for green plumbing allowing an odor-free and waterless disposal of waste products.

Sink and showers: depending on the practicability. Low-flow aerators are efficient devices to save water without compromising on the pressure. They can be directly fitted on the faucet head and help control the water flow. Low-flow showerheads are also based on control flow technology to manage the water flow and considerably save on water consumption. The non-aerating spray can save energy due to less heating time. The more recent Sensor operated faucets allow contactless water flow and help in conservation to a significant limit.

Water Heaters: form a crucial part of green plumbing equipments majorly because they help conserve water as well as energy. Tank-less or instantaneous heaters can be directed to obtain hot water without storing in a tank that ultimately led to high-energy consumption in traditional tank heaters. Solar water heaters can be used instead of power heaters to make use of renewable sources of energy. There are many efficient and affordable solar water heaters available in the market nowadays.

Other methods that green plumbers can help you install in your home and office are:  Hot water re-circulating pump systems to circulate hot water all throughout the premises in pipes without wasting energy and decreasing the waiting time for hot water. Rain sensors – have the ability to detect the water requirement after rainwater has supplied the required watering.

The fast depleting, precious natural resources certainly call for a watchful usage and maximum conservation for the generations to come. Thus, such initiatives are undoubtedly the need of the hour.



Source by WES HAMILTON

9 Tips to Get Rid of Pests

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Pests need three things to survive in a home or office: water, food and harborage. And if they don’t get any of the three elements, they will move to some other place in order to survive. At times, it is not possible to remove any of the three things. If you have a pest problem, you can use the following tips to get rid of them.

Examine the roofs

First of all, you should examine your roofs and make sure they don’t have any leakage problem. Moreover, the downspouts and gutters should be functional and the pipes should take the water away from the base of your house.

Prune the trees and bushes

If you have trees and bushes around your house, make sure you prune them on a regular basis. No branch of the tree should touch your porches, exterior walls, carports, garage or outbuildings.

The crawlspace

Your foundation or crawlspace should have no water standing around it. Oftentimes, the crawlspace is a bit lower than the exterior grade around it. As a result, the water collects in it. All you have to do is fix the exterior drainage. Alternatively, you can get a French drain as well.

The Foundation Vents

Another thing that you need to inspect is the foundation vents. They should be secure and working properly for ventilation. In the crawlspace, if the ground is damp, you can put a vapor barrier in order to minimize the airborne moisture. Aside from this, make sure that the crawlspace doors and windows are tightly shut.

Don’t Store the building material

If you want to get rid of pests, make sure you don’t store or stack building material or firewood around your house foundation. Actually, these things will feed pests and provide harborage for them.

Unused containers

You should check each of the unused boxes, containers and pots around your house. If you find water in them, make sure you empty them or put them somewhere else.

Garbage containers

If you have some garbage containers, you should latch them and then put them a few meters away from your house. Make it a habit to clean your house regularly and dump the garbage.

Food leftover

Make sure there is no food leftover or debris in your kitchen or other places. You should rinse and clean all utensils, such as pans and pots on a daily basis. Aside from this, for food storage, you should use refrigerator and plastic containers. The food should not be lying around all over your house or you will see tons of pests in your house. On top of this, the pests will grow at a rapid rate.

Pest control professionals

Lastly, if you are unable to deal with the pests in your house, you should get in touch with a pest control professional. Make sure you hire only a certified pest control company. They will do a thorough inspection of your house and perform the necessary procedures to eliminate the pests.

So, these are 9 tips that may help you get rid of the pests in your house. Make sure you get your premises inspected on a yearly basis.

Plumbing Training

Plumbing training courses are ideal for all who want to start a new career or even if you just want to brush up on your current skills, they suit anyone. But plumbing course will require dedication and the motivation to work hard and achieve the levels required to become an industry recognized plumber. If you want to under go an intensive couple of weeks being taught everything to know about plumbing then a plumbing training course is the best option to go for. This is the fact that plumbing training courses are the quickest way for you to learn to become a professional plumber.

If you are interested for the plumbing training at the trade institute which is too expensive and probably not worth paying that much money to attend, you should reconsider it.

First of all confirm by keeping in mind about these facts that they may be plumbers who are either in the middle of their training or have finished their training and are working for other plumbing companies or companies which are related to plumbing. Plumbers are generally paying overhead costs of the business and there are usually people working under them, so it is not as great as it seems.

There is training in many parts of the world that are giving up their own professions and are signing in for plumbing training courses. Plumbing career is becoming a profitable in many countries, and thus, this is an occurrence, which can be seen in many parts of the world. The possible reason for this phenomenon might be the shortage of plumbers in the world, as the demand for plumbers is always more than the supply.

Plumbing is not a simple job, which everyone can handle even though the money can be great. You should be able to deal with a lot of stuff and it is definitely not a glamorous job. In this job plumbers have to generally deal with human excrement because they have to clear clogged pipes and toilets.

As there are many people wanting to train as plumbers, plumbing training institute are being set up in thousands in order to cash in on the phenomenon. Plumbers who have been working in this trade for many years are now teaching new plumbing students through intensive plumbing training courses so that the students will soon be able to employ themselves and earn good money.

Many kinds of plumbing training courses are available. Here are the intensive plumbing courses, which are shorter, and some are long courses, which are suitable for those students who want to learn at a steady pace and do not want to be rushed into learning plumbing skills in a fast-paced course. After completing the training, you will get the same qualifications at the end of the course; only it will be easier than and not as taxing as the intensive course. If you want training as a plumber, you should get enrolled in a plumbing training course now so that you can enter in the trade very soon.



Source by Daniel Peden

Waterproof a Basement: Do It Yourself Tips, and What NOT to Do

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Two things to do BEFORE you spend money – Thing One: Check your downspouts and gutters. A clogged gutter or broken downspout can be the downfall of any basement. Imagine pointing a fire hose at your basement wall… yes, it’s that bad. Make sure your downspout is leading about 5-10 feet away from the home and past the point that your grade slopes down. If you can’t stand the look of it, grab your strongest child, grab a shovel, and have them bury it; because taking it off isn’t an option. Thing Two: Check your grade. If your landscaping is sloping toward your house (even in one area) all the storm water is going to head right to it and form a puddle against your foundation… even if the wind is blowing the other way. Don’t believe me? Ask Murphy. If you have a problem with the sidewalk or driveway sloping in, there is a process called “Slab jacking” that will raise these areas by pumping material beneath them.

Still getting water? Alright, well then it’s time to call in the pros. There are two ways that water can get into a basement (and I’m not including a leaky water pipe). The first thing you have to do is determine, “Where is that damn water coming from!?!” Your two options: Through the wall or through the floor. If you have no Irish blood, it could be entering from both. Sometimes it is easy to distinguish, but SOMETIMES it’s coming in right from where the floor and the wall meet and gets a little tricky. Go downstairs during a rainstorm and watch it enter. Look for water signs or significant moisture on the wall, or on the floor. Keep in mind, if a puddle forms on the floor, it doesn’t necessarily mean that’s where it’s coming from (You’d be surprised… )

If it’s coming in through the wall, count your blessings, well kind of. Don’t get me wrong, it still stinks, but your fix is a lot less expensive and doesn’t require tearing up your concrete floor. If it’s coming in through your floor, well, keep religion out of it.

Wall Water/Moisture- about 90% of people with problems (this percentage is not based on any actual statistics, just my experience)

Sometimes, it’s been there since you moved in 10 years ago and you’re just sick of the puddle on the floor. Sometimes, it just randomly and incomprehensibly sprang up, like Katy Perry’s fame. Either way, it’s time to put an end to it (we’re back to talking about wall water… I think)

Wall Moisture: If you have nothing but a tiny bit of moisture resulting in a musty smell, FIX IT YOURSELF. There is no point in spending thousands of dollars to have a waterproofing sales rep come out and sell you something you don’t need. Grab a bucket of oil based drylock paint from your closest Lowe’s, Menards, or Home Depot store and apply a thick coat to the wall.

Wall Crack / Wall Water: There are a couple ways to solve this, depending on how severe the problem. One way is to use the aforementioned oil based drylock paint. But keep in mind, this is still “Paint.” It will hold back water through a couple heavy storms, if you’re lucky. Some companies recommend an “Epoxy Injection,” and they work really well… for about 7 years. The problem with epoxy is that it crystalizes, and as changing weather temperatures cause it to expand and contract, it will crack again and you’ll be left with the same headache. Even worse if you finished your basement and have to tear down the drywall and expose moldy insulation. Another “solution” is excavating the entire outside wall and apply a tar coating along the foundation. This thin coating crystalizes in about 5 years and you have to do the whole thing again. “But wait a second, this is the 21st century and that sounds inefficient and ignorant.” Yes, it is. But some people still do it, new construction companies especially- It’s cheap and outlasts their warranty on the house. My favorite way is with Bentonite clay (Dr. Seuss look out.) Bentonite clay is one of the oldest products on the market and has been used on structures like the hoover dam and when oil rig drillers run into an underground lake. The way Bentonite works is that it absorbs as much water as it can handle, then rejects the rest. For example: a thin layer is spread on the bottom of man-made lakes to keep the water from seeping into the ground. Now take this principal, flip it, then stick it on the outside of your wall. It creates a waterproof membrane barrier that blocks the water. The best part is that it can be injected into the wall outside your foundation through rods the size of a silver dollar, going every couple feet along the outside… That’s right, it doesn’t require digging. Other perks: it stops water from entering the wall on the OUTSIDE, helping to increase the longevity of the wall; it never completely crystalizes so you won’t have a problem 5 years down the road; it helps block radon; it will re-flexible-ize (yeah, yeah, I know) every time water hits it, so it will actually embed itself into any future cracks that would potentially create a problem. The process is called a “Bentonite clay injection.” Unfortunately, there aren’t a lot of companies around that do it because the equipment is so expensive and it can require a second application if there are large voids under the soil; which involves the company paying for labor, gas, and material costs twice (The homeowner usually only pays for the initial treatment and the rest are under warranty.)

Hydrostatic Pressure (Water coming up from the ground) – The unlucky 10%

When it comes to hydrostatic pressure, there is only one way to solve it. A drain tile system. Whether this an interior or exterior system, there is one thing to keep in mind: They are all the same. Every company will try to sell you on how their system is better, but at the end of the day, it’s just a pipe put underground that leads into a sump pump or drainage field. This system is not ideal because it involves cutting into your floor. Ultimately, you are jeopardizing the strength of your foundation. It’s not like your house is going to collapse or anything, but it should be avoided if possible.

So how do you choose a company? The only thing to base this on is online reviews and length of time in business. Keep in mind, every company will have a poor review from some homeowner who called them out at twelve at night when a pipe in their ceiling was leaking and got mad for having to pay a service charge, but for the most part these are pretty reliable. Length of time in business is crucial because the average waterproofing company only lasts for about 15 years. What happens if you try to sell your house and they have closed (voiding the warranty), or they go out of business and you develop a minor problem that would be an easy fix but ends up costing you $2500. Exactly… spend a little more now and hang on to the reputable company.

Pros and Cons of Aluminum Carport and Patio Covers

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Aluminum carports and patio covers have become a popular and attractive home improvement. The product itself has been in use for years. As a light weight and durable material, aluminum can be a great alternative to stick built or steel structures. Features, colors, and styles have evolved over the years to give homeowners many choices. Today we will discuss the advantages and disadvantages of these popular aluminum structures.

Advantages:

1) Durability – My parents have been living in the same house for over 30 years. Their patio cover was installed in the late 1960s, and is still standing and functional. This product will stand the test of time with little more than a cleaning once a year. Most companies engineer their units to withstand wind and snow loads. As a result, baring natural weather disasters, your patio cover or carport should give you years of use.

2) Attractive – As stated above with a little maintenance your carport or patio cover will stay looking good for years. The aluminum pans will never rust. There are a variety of colors to choose from and several styles of framework that should satisfy any homeowner.

3) Structural simplicity – Because of the light weight nature of aluminum, a patio cover can be attached directly to your patio slab, and carports can be attached directly to your driveway. Also attachment to the house requires minimal anchoring. Note: some areas may require posts to be set in concrete, check with the codes department in your area. One of the best advantages of Aluminum structures is the minimum fall required for installation. Aluminum carports and patio covers require only ¼” of fall /ft. spanned. A shingled roof requires a minimum of 4″ of fall /ft spanned, which often creates problems with head room on the outside.

4) Functionality – Very few home improvement projects can provide the quality usefulness that an aluminum patio cover or carport can. Patio covers over decks and patios offer escape from direct sun and weather, and can make them much more useful and enjoyable. Aluminum carports (free standing or attached) can provide great shelter for your vehicles when a garage is not available .

Disadvantages

1) Bird Nests – The W-pan aluminum is notorious for attracting birds. There are several plugs that manufacturers offer and it is highly recommended you insist on these at the time of installation. They do add cost but will save you from the endless hassle of cleaning out the pans.

2) Trees – All Aluminum carports and patio covers come with built in gutters and downspouts, in the fall if you live in a wooded area leaves are a constant problem. Since aluminum structures do not require as much slope on the roof, leaves and debris is much more likely to accumulate. The most common problem I see is where this accumulation of leaves is left unattended, stopping up gutters, backing up water and ultimately causing the panels to bow and leak.

3) Rust on framework – Most aluminum patio covers and carports are installed with steel bar joists, and posts, and while painted before installation, the natural exposure to the elements will eventually cause the parts to show rust (especially at ground contact)

4) Hail – The single most, problem with aluminum carports and patio covers is hail. We replace several of these each year. Because of the light weight nature of aluminum a hail storm can leave small unattractive dings in the panels. Most homeowners insurance cover this and in most cases if hail is hard enough you will have other damage to your home

As a contractor for many years, I have learned to appreciate the functional beauty of aluminum carports and patio covers. The advantages of these products far out weigh the disadvantages. Almost all the disadvantages can be prevented with simple maintenance.

9 Things To Do When Your Roof Leaks

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Springtime storms can bring a lot of rain, which can reveal roof leaks. What should you do when an April shower finds its way into your living room?

First, control the interior damage as quickly as possible.

Move any items that have not yet become soaked. If furniture or other items cannot be moved, cover them with plastic sheets to protect them from the water. Collect dripping water in a leak proof container and make sure the container is on a solid surface.

Remove the water.

Begin to dry up water that has soaked into carpet and furniture. For carpeting that has become wet, you may need to pull the carpet away from the padding. Expose the backing to air and allow it to dry. This will also give the padding underneath a chance to dry, and reduce the chance that mold will grow. Circulate as much fresh air as possible around the affected areas.

Call your insurance agent.

If your living space has sustained a considerable amount of damage, call your insurance agent. Your policy may or may not cover damage to the interior from a roof leak. Do not wait to call the agent. They can usually inspect the damage within hours of your call and help you get started on the process of cleaning up or replacing your damaged contents.

Inspect the roof, inside and out.

As soon as possible, check the roof for obvious sources of standing or pooling water. Make sure the valleys, gutters and downspouts are clear of debris and allow the water to move freely off the roof and away from the house. Inspect the roofing materials. Make sure all parts of the underlying roof are covered with shingles, and that the water barrier is not exposed in any way. Keep in mind that the water’s point of entry into the living space may not be directly below the roof leak. Roof leaks can “travel” so inspect the entire region of the leak carefully. You may also find it useful to inspect the roof from the attic space above the living quarters. That may provide a better indication of how the water is entering the structure.

Clear the gutters and downspouts.

Remove any obvious blockages and clear the downspouts if they are clogged. You can often do this with a garden hose. If the downspout is clogged, and it cannot be cleared with a hose, you may have to remove the downspout from the gutter and clear it by inverting the downspout or using a broom handle or other long object to push the debris out of the pipe. When it is clear, reattach it to the gutter and direct the water away from the foundation.

Inspect the flashing.

Some roof leaks are not the result of clogged gutters or downspouts. Instead, leaks occur where the roofing material is worn or damaged. In other cases, the flashing around chimneys, vents, or roof projections is damaged and allows water into the structure below. Inspect the flashing, where chimneys, dormers, vents and other attachments abut the roof. If the flashing is in poor condition, it may need to be replaced. If the sealing around the flashing is damaged, a generous application of roof tar may plug the leak.

Look for hidden damage.

Roof leaks often develop over time, so water may collect unnoticed for some time before it enters the living space. When you inspect the attic, check for any hidden damage that the leak may have caused. Look for wet spots on the roof planks or panels, discolored wood, damaged OSB panels, strange odors and dirt on the insulation. Check the interior for bulges in the ceilings and walls, peeling paint, and badly cracked plaster or wallboard. All of these are signs that something may not be right in your attic or walls.

Check for pests.

Ants and other water-loving pests will find wet wood a very attractive place to build a nest. If you experience a sudden invasion of ants, powder post beetles, pill bugs, sow bugs, earwigs or other water-loving pests, immediately look for wet wood. An exterminator can rid your house of these pests, but the only way to make sure they stay away is to remove the wet wood and remediate the problem.

Call a licensed roofing contractor.

If your inspection reveals a lot of water damage, or an old roof that simply needs replacement, and if you aren’t up to replacing it yourself, call a licensed roofing contractor to repair or replace your roof. Simply re-shingling the roof will not repair most roof leaks. If the roof is leaking, the most likely cause is a breakdown of the waterproofing layer underneath the shingles. In that case, all old shingles should be torn off, and the water proofing layer, along with the shingles, should be replaced.

Re-roofing can be expensive, so be sure to get several estimates from different contractors before selecting someone to do the work. Verify that the contractor you choose is licensed, has insurance and will apply for the proper municipal permits to do the work. Do not allow the contractor to begin work on the house if permits have not been issued and make sure the contractor replaces all of the damaged wood prior to re-roofing the house. After the roof work is complete, ask the contractor to go over proper roof maintenance with you, and be sure to get a final inspection from your municipal housing authority.

SEO – the Basics You Should Know

What is it?

SEO is a carefully created method of improving the probability of your web page appearing on the results page of a search engine query. The nearer the top of the search engine results page your web site appears, the more likely that searchers will click on your web site link and go on to purchase the product or service you represent. You can perform search engine optimization yourself, or hire an expert to do it for you. There are approved ways to improve your standing and ways that can get you banned. It’s important that you do the optimization correctly to avoid getting your web site shut down.

Who needs it?

Any small business owner with products or services advertised online should make the effort to optimize their web site so as to achieve the best results when the search engine spiders visit your site. There are SEO algorithms that are used that are generally proprietary and different search engines look for different components in order to determine the rank of the specific web page. Naturally, each web site owner wants to achieve the highest possible page ranking for the products or services that are displayed on the web site. Getting your page ranking as near to the top of the search results as possible gives you more web browsers seeing your link.

How to get the best results

The best results for SEO is to determine the specific algorithm used by a particular search engine and write your web site to use the best possible mix of keywords, links, and placement so as to improve your ranking. Attention should be paid to using the keywords or keyword phrases correctly. Not only the number of times they are used, but in what context they are used. Even the placement of keywords on the page is important for best results. Another factor that is important is that of links to other web pages.

How does SERP apply?

SEO best results are returned on the SERP or Search Engine Results Page. When a searcher on the internet uses terms in a search engine query box, the search engine returns results on a page called the Search Engine Results Page. This can be a few links up to thousands of links, but few searchers look beyond the first page or two of results, since the results often are less relevant as you move further down the page. The ranking of your web page up toward the top of the list is what can increase your sales significantly.

Page rankings

Page rankings are the somewhat arbitrary number assigned to web pages based on the SEO results identified by the search engine spiders or robots. Each major search engine relies on a different algorithm for ranking, although there are similarities between the three major search engines, MSN. Yahoo and Google. The goal of search engine optimization techniques is to have the web page appearing on the first page of search results for the specific query.

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How to Start a Foreclosure Cleanup and Property Preservation Company

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A new article on June 3, 2009 from MSN Money writer Michael Brush indicates that there is a third wave of foreclosures still to come from prime borrowers (i.e. those previously “safe-borrowers” with sound credit and fixed-rate mortgages) as a result of job losses thanks to the worsening economy (“Coming: A 3rd Wave of Foreclosures”).

The article states that “In the first quarter, the percentage of these borrowers who were behind on their mortgages or in foreclosure had doubled from a year earlier, to nearly 6%” and goes on to say that “Credit Suisseanalyst Rod Dubitsky predicted last week that 8.1 million mortgages, or 16% of all mortgages, will go into foreclosure over the next four years. A weak economy, continued declines in home prices and rising delinquencies among prime borrowers all but ensure that foreclosures “will march steadily higher,” he says.” Not such great news for the economy, but good news indeed for entrepreneurs interested in starting a foreclosure cleanup business to clean and repair foreclosed homes for the banks.

To put this in perspective, this means that there will be over 2 million foreclosures a year and more than $2,025,000,000 up for grabs in money that will be spent on cleaning up these foreclosed properties (since the average bill is $1000+ to clean up one of these properties).

Let’s take a look at how you can position yourself to capitalize on this coming foreclosure movement

Set Up Your Company Properly

If you want to be hired for cleanup or preservation work, you’ll need to operate your business as a professional company. The good news is that you can set up a business quickly and inexpensively, and usually on your own. Many people decide to set up an LLC (Limited Liability Company) because of how quickly and easily it can be done but you’ll want to check with your accountant or other business professional to select the type of business entity that’s right for your personal situation.

If you do decide to start an LLC, you can usually find all of the documents you need online from your state’s government website. Usually the branch you’re looking for will be called the “Industrial Commission” or “Corporation Commission” or similar. Try typing in “start a business + ______ (your state)”. Anything ending in “.gov” is usually a good place to start as it indicates a government site.

Once your business is set up, you’ll need an Employer Identification Number (EIN), which is like a SSN for your business. You can register for one online: type in “IRS” & “EIN” into a search engine to find the online registration link.

As soon as you have your EIN (which you can usually get immediately online), you can open up a business bank account for your company. This step is very, very important. In the excitement of things, many people get caught up in the day-to-day dealings of running a business and use their personal accounts to pay for business expenses. Not only does this present an accounting nightmare at the end of the year, but it could present problems for you with the IRS if you don’t keep your personal and business finances separate.

Once you legally set up your business, you may be required to register your business with your county or city in order to get a business license to operate. You can start by calling City Hall or the Office of the County Clerk to inquire as to whether or not you need a city/county/state business license and if so, how to get one.

So to recap:

1. Legally set up your business

2. Get your EIN # and set up a business bank account

3. Apply for a business license

4. If you want to do preservation work, determine whether or not you need a contractors’ license

Get Insurance

You absolutely must have a Commercial Liability Insurance policy and Workers’ Compensation Insurance in order to run your business. Not only is insurance essential for protecting yourself from liability and protecting those that work for you in the event of a work-related injury, but many asset management companies will not do business with you if you do not meet their minimum insurance requirements.

Insurance will likely be one of your largest start-up costs, however, most insurance companies allow you to pay the premium on a monthly (rather than yearly) basis, which definitely makes this expense more affordable.

General Liability Insurance policies can cover the following: bodily injury, property damage, contractual liability, personal and advertising injury, professional liability (also known as Errors & Omissions (E&O) insurance, this coverage protects you and your business from litigation caused by charges of professional neglect or failure to perform your professional duties), hired auto and non-auto liability and umbrella liability.

You’ll want to speak directly with your insurance agent to get a better idea of the extent of the coverage provided by their particular policy and one that is best suited for your individual needs

Workers’ Compensation Insurance is required in most states when you have W2 employees, and some states also require your insurance to cover your 1099 contractors also. Workers’ Compensation (“Workers’ Comp”) covers your employees’ medical and disability expenses related to work-related illness and on-the-job injuries.

In the states where you are not required to cover your 1099 contractors you would need them to provide proof that they carry their own Workers’ Compensation insurance. Although tempting to shift the financial burden of maintaining a policy onto your 1099 contractors, in all reality, you are probably better off to take on the cost of all staff Workers’ Compensation (all W2 employees and 1099 contractors). The reason is that it’s difficult to find only independent contractors that have their own policy. In addition, this industry has such high turnover that if you put this restriction on your independent contractors, you’ll waste valuable time and lost revenues trying to find replacements in a hurry.

Here’s a great tip: sometimes you can get “pay-as-you-go” insurance where your workers’ compensation insurance premiums are based on your actual payroll, rather than an estimated amount. This is great for companies that are just starting out or have a fluctuating workload. Type in “pay as you go workers comp” into a search engine for results in your area.

As a second tip, we’ve used Farmers Insurance for years and have always had excellent customer service and great rates. Just Google “Farmers Insurance” for an agent in your area.

Foreclosure Cleanup v.s. Property Preservation Services

As the name suggests as a Foreclosure Cleanup Company, you’ll be cleaning out all of the junk in the house (also called a “trashout or a “junk out”), as well as cleaning the interior of the home. You may also be required to remove vehicles on the property. Usually foreclosure cleanup companies are also responsible for doing a basic landscape cleanup which includes hauling out any junk from the front/back yards, cutting the grass and trimming trees/bushes.

Cleaning up the property is the extent of services offered by a Foreclosure Cleanup Company, whereas a Property Preservation Company is also involved in the “securing” of the property and the “preserving” of the property.

Here are some of the services that a preservation company may offer (note that a Property Preservation Company will generally also offer cleanup services):

Securing the Property

o Initial vacant property inspection

o Lock changes

o Boarding of windows and doors

o Temporary roof repair

o Securing swimming pools

Preserving the Property

o Exterior Debris removal

o Abandoned vehicle removal (cars, boats, etc.)

o Interior Debris removal (junk-out)

o Hazardous waste removal

o Interior cleaning services including carpet cleaning

o Window washing/graffiti removal

o Window replacement

o Pool services (draining, acid washing, maintaining, etc.)

o Pest control services

o Yard maintenance/landscaping

o Snow removal

o Winterization

o Gutter cleaning

o Pressure washing

o Carpet removal & replacement

o Tile/Floor repairs

o Painting

o Sheetrock/drywall repairs

o Carpentry repairs

o Plumbing fixtures repairs & replacements

o Fire & mold remediation

o Fence repair

Here are a few things to consider when determining the extent of the services you want to offer:

A Contractors’ License is generally not required for Foreclosure Cleanup Company but is likely required for preservation companies doing work over a certain dollar value (usually $500 – $1000+). Sometimes this license can be obtained by attending a course and successfully passing a test whereas other states require previous, verifiable industry experience.

The insurance premiums tend to be higher on companies that offer preservation services as they are considered to be a “general contractor”. However, the revenue potential is much higher as preservation services tend to run from a few thousand dollars upwards instead of $800 – $1500 for each cleanout.

Usually what people do is start out initially offering just the foreclosure cleanup services and then when things pick up, they’ll add preservation items to the list of services they offer. This let’s them get their foot in the door without having to spend a whole lot of money upfront when setting up their company.

Source the Right Equipment & Tools

The great thing about starting a foreclosure cleanup company is that the initial expenses are quite low as much of the equipment and tools needed for cleaning foreclosures can likely be found in your own garage:

o Cleaning chemicals (i.e. all purpose cleaner, disinfectant, toilet bowl cleaner, window cleaner)

o Cleaning supplies (broom, mop, scrub pads)

o Vacuum cleaner

o Garbage bags and shovels

o Work gloves and disposable plastic gloves

o Lawn mowers & lawn tools

o Wheelbarrow

For the smaller items you don’t have on hand, check your local dollar store. Their prices can’t be beat and they usually have the same chemicals and cleaning supplies as the other retailers. Once you start doing some volume, consider shopping for your supplies at Sam’s Club or Costco to keep your expenses low.

You can also find used equipment in great shape (such as vacuums) by going around to your local Saturday morning garage/yard sales. If you have a “Re-Use” center or a Salvation Army, you may consider checking there also as they often have vacuums and other small equipment or yard tools for sale.

For hauling junk, you’ll need some sort of trailer and a vehicle large enough to pull it. If you don’t have a truck and a trailer, you can always borrow a friend’s truck and rent a trailer from U-Haul or just go ahead and rent a moving truck from U-Haul. (Remember though, that you’ll be charged a daily rate plus a per-mile rate when you rent a moving truck whereas if you use your own truck and just rent the pull-trailer, you’ll only incur the daily rental rate for the trailer.)

Sometimes you’ll be required to clean a property that doesn’t have electricity or water. In the event that there’s no electricity, you’ll need a generator to operate the vacuum cleaners and other electrical equipment. These can be rented at Lowe’s or Home Depot and is a much better alternative to purchasing one outright unless you’re going to use it on a regular basis (a new one will run you about $500+).

To save on expenses, it’s best to rent equipment in the beginning.

Once you get up and going, it may be worth looking into purchasing equipment of your own. Check the online classifieds ads (such as Craigslist, Kijiji and Backpage) for used trailers, generators, etc. You should also check with U-Haul as they have been selling some of their excess trucks as of late.

Stay Safe on the Job

As a business owner, you’re responsible for keeping your staff safe while working on the job. Working safely is paramount to the health of your staff and the reputation of your business (and also keeps your insurance premiums low). It’s imperative that you review safety issues prior to allowing anyone to work on the job – you must provide both classroom and on-the-job safety training to all new hires.

Now, it doesn’t have to be anything fancy; you can spend 20 – 30 minutes reviewing safety policies, safe working practices and answering any questions and then you’ll be done! Make sure you have people sign in and out of the meeting and that you document that a safety meeting took place.

It’s also very important that you become familiar with OSHA and Safety Standards as well as the health & safety hazards associated with this industry so that you can keep your staff safe, avoid accidents and costly fines. You can find the OSHA Pocket Guide to Construction Safety (it’s a short and an easy read) at the main website (OSHA DOT gov) by searching for the report name.

Another way to protect your staff and your business is to make sure that you check references before you hire someone. Insist that they list non-related references (i.e. not mother, sister or best friend) and instead list references of previous employers or someone they know in a professional capacity. We also do drug testing and background checks – it might sound paranoid to some, but the safety of our staff, our customers’ property and our company’s reputation is far too important to risk not spending $20 on a background check or drug test.

Price Your Services Right

In this industry, the lowest price always wins the bid (unless, of course, the lowest bidder has a terrible track record of not completing work and is utterly irresponsible and unprofessional, in which case the company has just committed “reputation-suicide” and will never be hired again). Lenders don’t want to spend any more than they have to on these properties so you want to make sure you price your services comparable with the going market rates (but at the same time, priced so that you still make a great profit and don’t leave any money on the table).

For cleaning out foreclosures, most banks expect to spend anywhere from $500 – $1500 for a cleanout (trashout, interior clean and initial landscape cleanup), but it could be a bit more or a bit less, depending on your area. It’s important to know that most lenders have prescribed “price caps” for the maximum amounts that they’ll pay for services.

If you’re also providing preservation services, a great site that we’ve used before to determine our prices for doing repairs is www.CostEstimator.com for getting the market rates for construction costs – you can get a free 30 day trial (no need to enter credit card – it really is free!). There are over 3,000 cost items adjusted for over 210 local, geographic regions to create your bid and you can add as many others as needed. If you want to sign up after the trial, it’s only $15/month.

Market Your Services

It’s true – “nothing happens until somebody sells something”… and you’ll need to get out there and sell, sell, sell your business. Once you’ve done a few jobs, you’ll find that word of mouth advertising and referrals will provide a large pool of new jobs for you, but in the meantime, you do need to do everything possible to let customers know you exist.

A large portion of work will come from the relationships that you build with Real Estate Agents (“Realtors”) who list bank-owned homes (often referred to as REO listings). They are often given the task of bidding out the cleaning and repairs of new listings by the asset management company so you’ll want to make sure the agents in your area know your company handles this type of work.

A great way to find out which Realtors in your area list REOs is to go online to the major bank’s REO websites and “data mine” the contact information for the listing agents (name, email, phone numbers). It can be painstaking work, but definitely worth it.

Here’s an example of a bank REO sites to get you started collecting Realtor information

WELLS FARGO (Properties managed by Premier Asset Services): pasreo.com/pasreo/images/pas_logo.jpg

NOTE: In order to access agent information, select the state and click search. Then, individually select each listing and click on “Print Property Report CVS”. Each listing and corresponding information (such as agent name, phone # and email) will be created in an Excel spreadsheet. You can access the page

Remember to follow up with a phone call a few days later. Don’t be shy about asking the Realtor if he/she has any jobs for you to bid, either – most of them are very accommodating and willing to give a new company the opportunity to provide estimates.

The other way jobs are bid out is through large Asset Management Companies (also referred to as Marketing & Management Companies, REO Field Service Companies and Property Management Companies). Essentially, the lender says, “ok – I have thousands of properties to get rid of. Here, national ABC Asset Management Company: clean, fix and sell these properties for us”. And the national Asset Management Company will then subcontract out the work to local foreclosure cleanup and property preservation companies. In order to work for these companies, you usually need to sign up your company as a potential vendor. Many times this can be done online.

There are both positives and negatives associated with working for the larger companies. On the positive side, you will probably be given a few projects to work on at a time so you will be kept relatively busy. On the negative side, they usually want you to offer ‘wholesale pricing’ and don’t pay until 30 – 60 days after you invoice them for the work. Working for one of these companies, however, will give you the experience you need to go after more work.

Other possible customers include wholesale property investors (groups of investors that purchase foreclosed homes at the auctions and then sell them to smaller investors at a wholesale price), investors, landlords, property management companies, Realtors and so on.

You should also consider attending your local networking events such as the Chamber of Commerce meetings and any local investor meetings in order to hand out your card and network with potential customers. The more you get out there, the better chance you’ll have of securing some great, long-term customers!

This is definitely an exciting industry and a very profitable one for those of you who don’t mind getting your hands a bit dirty! Good luck!

Benefits of Hiring an Electrical Contractor

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Whether it’s giving electrical supply to a new unit or whether to repair it you need an electrical contractor. These contractors are highly qualified and know the simplest as well as the toughest part of work in their field. Their work is to provide all the electrical related service that gives comfort to a client. We will be learning here about the services that are provided to you by an electrical contractor and also how they are beneficial to you. The contractors at electrical supply Miami gives you residential, commercial and industrial electrical installation, repair and maintenance services. The services provided by these contractors are:

Installation

New installations need new ideas and innovations, so if you are planning to build a construction then it’s important for you to hire an electrical contractor. New infrastructures require new electrical devices to be installed to control the electrical services of the building. Proper installation of wires and devices are very important as if not installed at mentioned requirements there are possibilities that they get damaged early. Miami Electrician keeps this thing in view so that the device gets an ample constant value for its functioning.

Benefits: The client gets the wiring done according to his needs for his comfortable use. In case of new devices their proper handling and maintenance knowledge is also given by these contractors.

Maintenance

In home or in your industry every device installed needs proper care and maintenance for its efficient use. Daily use electrical devices like AC, refrigerators, washing machines and others need an extra bit of care as their continuous use decreases the efficiency of the device to some extent. These devices require regular inspection of the device to check the functioning of device. Miami electrician contractors provide you all sorts of maintenance of device related problems. Upgrading an old device with a newly manufactured device is done to increase the effective usage of the devices.

Benefits: Regular inspection of the device helps in prevention of device damage as small faults are repaired at an early level. Upgrading a device increases the effective and efficient use of device. This helps in saving your electricity bills to an extent, so it’s efficient for your pocket too. Proper customer satisfaction rate increases.

Repair

It is obvious if an electrical device gets damaged as there are many factors that can suddenly stop the functioning of device. You can only try to prevent them to an extent. So, at these emergency conditions you feel the requirement of Miami electrician that provides on-emergency call service that helps comfort the client as quickly as possible. Repairing a device also requires parts that are damaged in the device. So, these contractors provide you electrical parts for the device.

Benefits: Emergency repair service provides you assurance of your device to be repaired soon. As the damaged parts are replaced with new ones by the contractors, and the parts provided by them are certified products so proper guarantee of that parts is given to the client.

The Thematic Analysis of The Poem "Do-Gooders" By Olu Obafemi

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The poem titled DO-GOODERS was written by Olu Obafemi to portray the weaknesses and atrocities of the religionists who instead of being the last hope of a common man are threats to people’s life. He tries to condemn the attitudes of the religionists who are using their position as a man or messenger of God to blindfold the people and exploit them. They use their position to tell people lies and demand exorbitantly from them; they deny them their belongings and turn those wretched (lines 14-17).

The central theme of the poem is CONDEMNATION. Olu Obafemi tries to expose what is happening in our present environment where people dabbled into church, mosque or palm grooves only to save themselves from the escalating unemployment problem. When the people eventually discover these anomalies of the people of God, they tend to be aggressive. This has led to desertion of many churches, many mosques have been damned and some grooves are no more in existence (lines 10-13)

The poet shows his anger or agony when he said that Horror begets horror, to nullify horror, meaning that whenever these type of people are caught, they must be dealt with without an iota of mercy, just as thieves, tied to the stakes, and set on fire (lines 18 and 19). He emphasized that pity should not be allowed to come in because they have destroyed many lives already; many have been turned to wretched beings, with bloated stomach, smelling like the stinking gutters and sucked thin (lines 1-5).

The poet ended it by lamenting saying, Woe be on them, who cheat in the name of God, even an unending woe.

POETIC DEVICES IN THE POEM

Let’s examine jus two (2): Poetic License and the figures of speech used in the poem.

Language used (Poetic License)

Poetic license is the permission given to a poet to use unconventional language i.e. free to use language in whatever way it pleases him in order to achieve his desires. He can violate the grammaticality of language.

They include in this poem the following:

1. Bloated – swollen in an unpleasant way (line 1)

2. Hoot – funny situation of a person/short loud laugh of a person (line 5)

3. Flatulent – sound important in the way that exaggerate truth (line 9)

4. Damnable – bad or annoying (line 12)

5. Stakes – host on which somebody to be burnt is first tie (line 18)

6. Wretched – extremely bad or unpleasant (line 13)

7. Flakes – small pieces of something larger

8. Blazed – mount brightly and strongly

9. Do-gooders: those who do good/believed to be doing good

Figures of Speech

Expressions used to polish any piece of writing and to embellish it in a poetic ornament so as to make it elaborate, vivid, picturesque and interesting (Roy Omoni)

1. Assonance:

Line 1: bloated stomachs

Line 7: horror begets horror

Line 19: blazed in flames and flakes

2. Consonance:

Line 7: horror begets horror

Line 19: blazed in flames and flakes

3. Alliteration:

Line 4: of sprawling skeletons

Line 7: horror begets horror

Line 19: blazed in flames and flakes

4. Repetition:

Line 7 & 8: horror begets horror to nullify horror

5. Rhyme:

Line 18 & 19: must be tied to stakes

blazed in flames and flakes

6. Enjambment:

Line 7 & 8: horror begets horror to nullify horror

Line 3 & 4: the naked ribs of sprawling skeletons

Benefits of Hiring an Electrical Contractor

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electrical repair orlando We are the best electricians in the Orlando area, and this article is presented by us. Hope to work with you soon! Give us a call today about electric and you won’t be disapointed!

Whether it’s giving electrical supply to a new unit or whether to repair it you need an electrical contractor. These contractors are highly qualified and know the simplest as well as the toughest part of work in their field. Their work is to provide all the electrical related service that gives comfort to a client. We will be learning here about the services that are provided to you by an electrical contractor and also how they are beneficial to you. The contractors at electrical supply Miami gives you residential, commercial and industrial electrical installation, repair and maintenance services. The services provided by these contractors are:

Installation

New installations need new ideas and innovations, so if you are planning to build a construction then it’s important for you to hire an electrical contractor. New infrastructures require new electrical devices to be installed to control the electrical services of the building. Proper installation of wires and devices are very important as if not installed at mentioned requirements there are possibilities that they get damaged early. Miami Electrician keeps this thing in view so that the device gets an ample constant value for its functioning.

Benefits: The client gets the wiring done according to his needs for his comfortable use. In case of new devices their proper handling and maintenance knowledge is also given by these contractors.

Maintenance

In home or in your industry every device installed needs proper care and maintenance for its efficient use. Daily use electrical devices like AC, refrigerators, washing machines and others need an extra bit of care as their continuous use decreases the efficiency of the device to some extent. These devices require regular inspection of the device to check the functioning of device. Miami electrician contractors provide you all sorts of maintenance of device related problems. Upgrading an old device with a newly manufactured device is done to increase the effective usage of the devices.

Benefits: Regular inspection of the device helps in prevention of device damage as small faults are repaired at an early level. Upgrading a device increases the effective and efficient use of device. This helps in saving your electricity bills to an extent, so it’s efficient for your pocket too. Proper customer satisfaction rate increases.

Repair

It is obvious if an electrical device gets damaged as there are many factors that can suddenly stop the functioning of device. You can only try to prevent them to an extent. So, at these emergency conditions you feel the requirement of Miami electrician that provides on-emergency call service that helps comfort the client as quickly as possible. Repairing a device also requires parts that are damaged in the device. So, these contractors provide you electrical parts for the device.

Benefits: Emergency repair service provides you assurance of your device to be repaired soon. As the damaged parts are replaced with new ones by the contractors, and the parts provided by them are certified products so proper guarantee of that parts is given to the client.

Marble or Granite Countertops – Which One Should You Choose?

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The quickest way to dress up a kitchen and to give it that wow factor that everyone wants to see, is with the addition of dramatic counter tops. Today, you see a lot of people putting in either Marble or Granite countertops because they look great and add a lot of pop for the money. They will also provide a solid return on investment if and when the property is sold.

Marble and Granite have distinct similarities and very big differences which you need to be aware of when determining which one is best for your kitchen.

Keep in mind that marble will be one of the most expensive materials to have as a counter top. The offset to this cost is that marble is also one of the longest lasting materials for a countertop, so your cost-per- year will be less than almost anything else that you could use. In fact, with proper care, if it is correctly made and installed,marble could last you well over a hundred years and still look as good as it did on the day it was installed.

The color of marble is dependent upon the area from which the stone originated. Every area has a different texture and color, so no two pieces will ever be the same.

Marble is also quite heat resistant and will not burn or catch fire. However.if hot items are placed directly on the marble, it can cause damage to the surface. It may not cause damage to the core of the marble, but if something hot is placed directly on it without a hot pad being used to insulateit, permanent color change could occur in the marble.

Granite is the hardest known building stone available, making it ideal for a kitchen counter top. It is very resistant to air variables and water and come in many more colorsthan marble. It is also a stone that is found almost the world over, so it is easily found in most regions of the world.

Granite has the distinction of allowing you to polish it to a high luster or to leave it rather rough looking and still do a great job at being an effective stone for your needs. Besides being heat and water resistant, granite counter tops are also highly bacteria resistant, so they do a good job at keeping your kitchen healthy as well.

The biggest drawback of granite is that it is inordinately expensive and will not be a cheap upgrade for your project. You will also need to occasionally seal the granite countertop to make sure it stays in great shape over time.

The patterns between Marble and Granite are quite a bit different and you will have to decide what works best for you and then pick out the slab that you will use because, as mentioned, no two are ever going to be the same.

The Lost Iron Furnace

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Pouring over the historic maps that clutter my desk, I noticed a handwritten reference to a manmade monolithic structure that is supposed to lie 10 miles into what is considered to be one of the most remote areas of Pennsylvania. A place devoid of blacktop and where bear, elk and rattlesnakes abound. It’s hard to imagine civilization touching an area that few would think to venture into today; an area of steep mountains and even steeper ravines where one misstep would mean a fall to one’s death; but there it was in black and white a cryptic reference beckoning a would be explorer. It made me wonder, what could be there?

I was not in search of just any town, but four towns that were built in close proximity that became the center of the local coal and iron mining industries in this area of north central Pennsylvania during the mid 19th century. This prosperous community was built by immigrant miners and a unique personality whose life story left behind a legend of wealth, buried treasure and an English mansion that sat out of place atop the mountain in the wilds of Pennsylvania.

Reavelton lies a very distant ten miles into the remote mountains of north central Pennsylvania. The nearest town, Quigley’s Mills; itself just a speck on the map with Lock Haven twenty miles distant being perhaps the closest better known community. I say a distant ten miles because the last ten miles of my trip into this remote area will take another 45 minutes to travel; doubling the time it takes for me to travel the 50 miles from my home. Almost impassible, the trail that leads into this area is as rough and rugged as any that you’d expect to find in the American southwest. In the winter it is impossible to reach this area. Nobody comes here except an occasional hunter. The story of Reavelton has been left for me alone to piece together; to photograph the site and leave a record where one has yet to exist. I enjoy the challenge and solitude of such a place; one that is unspoiled.

I arrive in Beechcreek, originally named Quigley’s Mills two-hundred years ago. It’s a small country town with the atmosphere of Mayberry. Experience has taught me that the best place to learn history is from the older residents of an area, so I head to the corner diner for breakfast. It’s exactly as I expected, hitching post outside, wooden steps leading through the arched Victorian doorway, boarding house still standing next door. The door opens with a creak hitting the bell mounted atop. Old men in overalls and blue haired ladies pause momentarily from their conversations to look at the two strangers who have just entered. The silence is deafening, moments linger but conversations resume as we strategically take our seats nearest to a table with four old men. Black and white photographs of the old town line the walls; they’ll serve as a good ice breaker when I garner the nerve to speak to the gentlemen sitting across from us.

For the moment my observations are on the structure itself, worn wooden floor, tin ceiling, pickle barrel at the end of the dining counter, brass cash register and floor safe in the corner. Just one middle aged woman acting as hostess, waitress, cook and cashier; she takes our order and retires to the kitchen. One of the locals walks behind the counter, picks up the coffee pot and refills the patrons cups… ours included. You can hear the sizzle of the sausage as the smell of a home cooked country breakfast wafts from the kitchen, a true farmer’s breakfast.

Occasional glances are cast our way; maybe because we are strangers, maybe because of my snakeboots, fedora and sidearm. I wait for one of the older gentlemen to make eye contact, it doesn’t take long and it’s my opportunity to strike up a conversation. “Nice place you have here; Beechcreek.” Our conversation turns from small talk to history after I introduce us; setting them at ease. I find that most folks are happy to talk about themselves and to share what they know of their hometown and their great uncle Charlie who lived up the “holler” and worked the mines on the mountain. Our conversation allowed me to fill in some blank spaces in my notes and the folks were be eager to hear about what we would find.

The scenic beauty in this portion of the country is unparalleled; deciduous forests giving way to open meadows, peat bogs and beaver dams followed by lush and dark forests that block out nearly all light; canopied in heavy hemlocks of four foot diameters. The ravages of a wildfire that raged down the mountain in the 1890’s no longer apparent but skepticism extolled by the locals that anything at all would remain of the old towns and their frame dwellings. No one had seen any in a hundred years.

The mountain extends clear down to Beechcreek from its peak 10 miles away. I reach the point where the blacktop ends and turn onto a gravel road that quickly becomes nothing more than a rutted, dirt trail. A goat path as I like to call it. I drive along the narrow trail to an increasing elevation sometimes with cliffs along one side and sharp rocks protruding out of the ground with oil slicks about them, evidence of a misadventure of those less prepared. My companion, new to these explorations comments on the rugged remoteness that one would think no longer exists in our portion of the country. I’m looking ahead through the trees for tell tale signs of past habitation; 90 degree angles, tree lines, domestic vegetation, stone walls; nothing in sight for miles.

In my preplanning I used what is now referred to as remote sensing with Google Earth that showed me that I should be approaching the peak of the mountain where an open field existed. As we cleared a two foot deep mud bog in the trail we entered upon the clearing. I immediately spotted an enormous apple tree on my right and a line of conifers that were too evenly spaced for natures handiwork; most likely the efforts of the forest service after the fire. I said, “we’re here” to the astonishment of my companion. His less skilled eye had not taken in the same sights and he was amazed that without ever having been here before that I was able to put us on location in our first attempt at discovering the towns; others would have driven right by. I pulled from the trail into an area of golden rod and stepped from the truck. On my left fifteen feet into the woods was a stone wall. I walked in the opposite direction toward a patch of lilies an unmistakable domestic planting that I knew would have been around a home. I could see across the road a hole in the ground, probably a well.

Further into the field, there it was, the partially filled foundation of John Reaville’s English styled mansion. I had read that the General, as Reaville was called by his men, divided his time between the construction of the village and the opening of the coal mines. It was recorded that he erected good dwellings for the miners and a grand mansion for himself. It was of English style, large and handsomely finished; the center hall with a winding staircase and mahogany rail and balusters; the rooms large and warmed by deep fireplaces with big chimneys and carved mantels. A wide porch graced the front and it was positioned on an angle facing down the lane so that the Reaville’s might see approaching company. A hitching post was placed at the head of the walk just off of the porch. Out in the yard a white picket fence fronted by lilies, and ivy. A spring house sat off to the right of the lane where the well water was piped into from across Reavelton road.

The very atmosphere of the place was one of comfort, convenience and luxury; or as luxurious as one could get in 1853 with no interior bathrooms, running water nor electricity. It serves to remind me that we take a lot for granted today. Little wonder that it was a curiosity to dwellers of other valleys and attracted many visitors. It appeared out of place in this wilderness. When the Potters, the Ashfields, the Silvars and their friends from New York or Boston came, the mansion was a place of revelry and banquets, and the specially built wine vault in the cellar, always well stocked with the best English liquors and French wines, was most popular.

As I crossed into the field the apple tree once again caught my eye. Over 30 inches in diameter, I can’t recall ever seeing one larger. It was growing right in the center of a second, small “L” shaped foundation. Old to be sure, I figured it must have begun growing shortly after the forest fire. As I headed to the clearing, ruffled grouse flushed from a thorny bush with bright orange berries generally planted as landscaping and just beyond was a large cellar hole consisting of an earthen berm and collapsed foundation stones. I was certain that I had discovered the foundation of John Reaville’s mansion. Over grown and almost completely hidden from view in the tall ferns, I imagined how it must have appeared 150 years ago; the fence along the road, white columns, black bear posed on the front porch; a prank that the General liked to play on guests; I being the most recent. Stone outcroppings were found behind the house; maybe the location of the cave where John hung his venison; another foundation across the road from the house. I sat on a stump as my companion continued his search for relics that would confirm our discovery.

A bit of respite allowed me to reflect upon my surroundings. Pennsylvania history is full of colorful characters; John Reaville not the least among them but his accomplishments in the coal and iron mining industries are as secluded as the town that bears his name in the mountains above Quigley’s Mills along with three others; Rock Cabin, Peacock and Eagleton; each an outgrowth of Reavelton and John Reaville’s efforts while working for the Ashfield Coal Company.

Written records are scarce in my search for information on these ghost towns. They have become true ghosts; only a footnote in history, only a small notation on an historic map; its name no longer mentioned by those living in the area, it has simply ceased to exist.

It’s an incredible feeling when you discover a new place and to know that perhaps for the first time in over 150 years that someone has taken an interest in and resurrected the name of the town and its people that were all but forgotten. The story of Reavilton is the story of John Reaville a singular hard working individual whose legacy left behind stories of these towns that dot our countryside. The towns are the story of families and their struggle as pioneers on a frontier; of the businesses that they built by the sweat of their brow and of other pioneers who later joined in the prosperity creating and building the town upon their vision of a brighter future.

Reavilton is unique in that it was founded in 1853 and almost completely gone by 1878 along with its sisters Rock Cabin, Peacock and Eagleton. It’s a case study in boom to bust industrialization and the influences that spawned the towns, their industry and those that swept it from the forest. It’s a study in legacy and legend that allowed it to be footnoted and not entirely lost to history as homesteads and smaller hamlets might be. While not as old as the sites that we study in classical archaeology the community of Reavilton is old for Pennsylvania and it nevertheless has a complex story to tell about the people who lived here, how they lived and the legacy that they left behind.

John Reaville immigrated from Nottingham, England to America in about 1843 settling in New York and although a coal miner by occupation purchased with most of his savings a sixty-acre farm near Amagansett, Long Island to try his hand at farming. Tired of this endeavor Reaville traveled westward through Pennsylvania to an area where new coal mines were being opened by the Potter and Ashfield Company. Reaville was a tough, hard-working sort of man. He came to seek his fortune, and fell in with the Potter and Ashfield Company. They had a legal problem with one of their eastern mines that amounted to this: If left unattended, the mine could be claimed by someone else. John Reaville was soon on his way to Schuylkill county into the anthracite coal region of Pennsylvania where he was required to take up residence inside of the mine that the Potter & Ashfield company had been working illegally and one which the sheriff was trying to foreclose upon if they ever left it unattended for even a day. Reaville lived in near isolation for approximately 8 months inside the mine after which Potter and Ashfileld owned it by adverse possession thus saving them $1,500,000 a handsome sum at that time. As his reward for his service John Reaville was named Superintendant of Mines in the Tangascootac region above Beechcreek, was given a blank check and told to open the coal fields in the mountains in the in the Spring of 1852 where bituminous coal had recently been discovered.

The mines were well under way by 1854, the openings had been driven in well and coal was being brought out encouragingly. Scores of miners, mostly foreigners of that occupation, many with families, were domiciled in the long rows of houses on the property.

Reavilton covered approximately 3600 acres. If we include its sister towns this expands to about ten square miles. Revelton named his town after himself though originally as Reavilville. Peacock was named for the color of the coal, which had a brightly colored sheen to it. Rock Cabin got its name for obvious reasons, and Eagleton after the Bald Eagle area named for the Seneca Indian Chief. Four towns, hundreds of homes, stores, school, coal and iron mines, railroad, sawmill and a monolithic structure; a tremendous iron furnace were built in just a few years.

It was in Eagleton that the first coal mine strike in Pennsylvania occurred, and John Reaville was the man who handled it. Reaville was known to be a tough boss. In 1856, the operation was at the height of profit, and the men banded together to demand more money and better treatment. They went on strike, carrying weapons and threatening to become violent. John Reaville sent a trusted employee into Lock Haven to bring back Sheriff John W. Smith, who returned with a group of twenty armed men. Smith calmed things down and broke the strike in about three days.

Reavilton provided a centralized work place for the early settlers of this region; coal was in great demand and the mountainous region had plenty of it. Reaville’s workforce consisted mostly of English, Scotch and German immigrants. Additional towns sprang up in adjoining areas of natural resources because it meant steady work; albeit hard and the opportunity to earn wages and support a family. Several drifts were opened and the miners climbed into the earth daily by way of four foot tunnels to extract the black rock that was sought by the railroads, manufacturing and iron industry. It was yet to be used for home heating except by the affluent in the large cities. In the country wood was plentiful and cheap and coal was a commodity.

I walked the ground drawing its features on my sketch pad; first the “L” shaped foundation of the mansion, the spring house, well, privy and stables. Then down the trail to the powder house, mine office, miners homes and the mines themselves that are visible today as collapsed audits where you can stand and sight along the ground following large sink holes of the collapsed coal mines themselves. I cautioned my companion not to walk upon the ground between the sink holes that might give way at any moment.

Numerous shafts had been dug all heading in a north-south orientation. I paused to imagine the men with blackened faces digging under the ground, setting powder charges, clearing the mine before the explosion blew loose a few tons of coal and then reentering the shaft, shoring its roof with wooden timbers and shoveling the coal into carts that were then drawn out of the earth by horses up the hillside to narrow gauge rail cars where it would be hauled down the mountain to Lock Haven and loaded onto barges waiting in the recently completed Pennsylvania Canal to be shipped to points further east. I wondered of the dangers; of the mine collapses and of the families that lived here.

Child labor laws were nonexistent at this time; I imagined eight, nine and ten year old boys dripping wet from mine seepage with blackened skin that wouldn’t come clean and sullen eyes peering from the mines; forced labor whose lives didn’t matter while John Reaville was sitting in his English mansion eating oysters and sipping fine wine; the extremes of life.

This I know of Reaville for in the corner of the stone foundation that once supported his extravagant home we found the glass shards of wine and bitters bottles, flow blue china, oyster shells and ceramic pipes. Though nothing is left of the framing, it was two story affair with expansive front porch. We see expensive brick and cut stone littering the ground. There I discovered shards of pottery, the unmistakable green glass of fine French wine bottles and more oyster shells; apparently he was fond of them; an expensive delicacy so far from the ocean.

Speaking with the gentlemen at the diner, I learned that the house was known to have a wine cellar and cave at the rear of the property where meat was hung for aging to produce the best flavor. The Reaville’s had the finest of everything and once entertained a Princess of Spain. While two-hundred feet away the miners lived in small 3-4 room houses built upon pilings, eking out a meager living; dying at a young age. Life was hard for these folks and work was dangerous. As we talked I learned that John enjoyed alcohol and tobacco. When he came to town, drinks were on him at the tavern and he was the life of the party. This was confirmed through the amounts of amber glass marked as bitters procured from the backyard privy along with beautiful shards of expensive pottery and other glassware and more clay tobacco tavern pipes.

Privy excavations are at the top of my list in use to determine the lifestyle of the past occupants of a home; the Reavilton mansion would be no different. A privy usually lies to the rear of a home and downwind. This one displayed evidence of prior digging as the dirt was mounded around its sides mixed with broken glass leaving nothing in context. Fortunately we already knew the age. As I sifted through the dirt it became apparent that bottle hunters had been there some time before as evidenced by the 1970′s Pepsi can recovered at approximately 4 feet deep. Nevertheless they were remiss in their search for only bottles that remained intact after 125 years while I was interested in all else that remained. Glass was scattered across the ground. More broken pottery and glass soon began to emerge and was roughly classified according to the type of glass and color or decoration as we removed it from the hole in the ground. Several iron relics also came to light. Our recoveries allowed us to reconstruct entire pieces of china; two flow blue meat platters with matching dinner plate, white glazed serving dish, tea pot, bitters bottles, delft creamer, earthenware jug, chamber pot, oil lamp globes, clay pipes that were smoked by John himself. It was a veritable bonanza of broken pottery that would provide satisfaction well into the Winter as we cleaned, conserved and reconstructed the life and social atmosphere that existed in Reavilton a hundred years before I was even born. Ever so slowly we coaxed life back into the Reaville’s. They were once again the center of attention; the life of the party.

Back in town industry was expanding, an iron mine was opened on a hillside just above the Tangascootac creek. A furnace was built in the forest along with a water powered sawmill, houses and a school. I was convinced that the monolithic structure referenced on my map had to be an iron furnace so we set in search of it through the forest. Our trail became impassible; 3 foot deep ruts filled with water caused us to abandon our vehicle and proceed on foot. My 1872 map of the area identified a stream as “furnace run”. One thing that I’ve learned is that place names generally coincide with history; so we headed in that direction hiking through the brush and dense undergrowth until coming upon a well worn trail. The hemlock canopy hung heavily overhead causing the forest to appear as if it were dusk. I had no idea of how far the furnace might be or even if it yet existed; often the stones from structures are repurposed in later years. We followed under the canopy of massive hemlocks for a distance to where the valley deepened and the trees nearly blocked out all light. I edged toward a steep incline and standing upon the precipice in order to view the valley I looked up to behold a massive stone structure some 45 feet in height and 30 feet square on the opposite hillside; like an ancient pyramid standing in a rift valley with sunlight streaming down upon it as if heaven sent. The illusion created a remarkable experience as if I alone was meant to find the structure. I prompted my companion to the edge of the cliff but in all its glory he could not see the furnace as it lies camouflaged among the hemlocks, itself having turned green in color. In a few moments he came to understand what my excitement was about.

The furnace stands over 45 feet tall and nearly an equal measure in length and breadth of fitted stone construction held together with iron crossties and wood supports. Four arches, one on each side lead into areas where the molten iron flowed into molds for ingots and hollow wares. A pipe work for air from the bellows is evident. It is a traditional top mount furnace.

We scrambled down the steep hillside and crossing the stream were dwarfed by the huge stone structure as the sunlight broke through the foliage shining down upon the furnace; a sight to behold. Several other foundations lay scattered among the woodlands in support of the smelting operation.

Iron ore, of a good quality exists in the Tangascootac region and in 1857 the Tangascootac Coal Company; the true name of the operation at Reavilton erected a furnace and manufactured iron, but a suspension of operations ensued soon after, as was the case with coal mining, yet sufficient was done to demonstrate the fact that an abundance of ore existed, from which could be made a good quality of iron. I was able to locate remnants of a stockpile of coke and also of limestone adjacent the furnace that were used to produce sufficient heat to smelt the iron. Iron melts at about 3,000 degrees Fahrenheit therefore the furnace had to remain in blast 24 hours a day lest it cool down and 2-3 tons of coke would be required to restore it back to temperature. By the middle of the nineteenth century the trend was to use coke instead of charcoal, hot blast instead of cold, steam for power instead of waterwheels and steel shell, fire brick lined stacks instead of stone.

This furnace allows us to see a transition in the technology of the day. Coke was being used however a waterwheel driving a mechanical bellows was yet in operation. Firebrick was used in part but yet with a stone stack surrounded with a sandy clay between the stack and the stone furnace itself. In the early years, the blast was powered by water turning a wheel which in turn either worked a bellows (early furnaces) or pushed pistons in and out of tubes to create the blast of air. I believe that the Reavilton furnace used tube pistons because of the long flat foundations to the right of the furnace just above furnace run. When the use of bellows was discontinued around 1820, two pairs of wooden tubes were used. Each pair consisted of one tube inside another with suitable leather gaskets. As the inner tube of one pair was descending and sucking in air, the inner tube of the other pair was ascending and compressing the air. By means of leather valves the flow of air to a storage tank was regulated. The combination of air being blown into the coke embers created the extreme temperatures necessary to melt the iron ore.

Although actual operations at a blast furnace probably required fifteen to twenty men around the clock, other jobs connected with the furnace, such as cutting wood, hauling the coke and limestone, raising food for the employees and the horses, hauling ore and pig iron, increased the number of workers to between sixty and eighty.

Hard liquor was in great demand by the workmen. It was almost as necessary as food or so it seems. Because most furnaces were built far from towns, adjacent to raw materials and water power, there was little or no opportunity for recreation; and as a result men resorted to drinking as a way to pass their leisure time.

The furnace was built beside a hill having a flat area at the same elevation as the top of the furnace. Materials were taken to this bench for charging into the furnace. A bridge between the top of the stack and the “bench” was used for this purpose. My instinct told me to look under where the bridge would have been to locate samples of the fuel that was being used to fire the furnace. Sure enough, I found the coke and limestone that I was looking for. My companion located a cow bell on the ground nearby although I speculate that it was actually used on a horse or mule that hauled the raw resources.

Just above the furnace we located the ruins of three buildings; most probably bunk houses for the shift workers required to work the furnace ’round the clock. Down a trail toward Tangascootac Creek the audit of the iron mine is located atop the hill with its collapsed shaft running downhill toward the trail. Further downstream were the remains of a water powered sawmill. The area is strewn with iron, slag and cinders. Round pieces of iron reminiscent of meteorites can be found in the area.

Across the valley from whence we came and upon the hill we discovered the foundation of the Iron Masters House. A much larger home than those of the workers yet smaller than General Reaville’s. It was comprised most likely of 6-7 rooms with front and rear doors, glass paned windows and a springhouse to the rear of the home. The iron master was in complete control of the furnace and second only to John Reaville himself. While I have yet to discover the specifics of this individual he no doubt arrived from Europe with expertise in furnace operation.

John Reaville and his wife lived happily and alone in their mansion until he died of heart disease, manifested in a gouty and dropsical condition, on the twenty-second day of August, 1876, at the age of seventy-one and was buried with Masonic Rites.

One year later, less seven days, his wife, Elishaba, aged sixty-seven and a half years, died in the state hospital at Danville, never the same woman after the death of her husband. A white marble shaft, eight and a half feet high, stands by their graves in Highland cemetery at Lock Haven.

After their deaths, the rumor began that Reaville had buried bags of money in the basement of his mansion, under the dirt floor.

Some time afterward a man appeared at the Reaville mansion. It was speculated that he was a hospital employee to whom Mrs. Reaville had divulged her husband’s secret. He stayed in the house alone for days and curious woodsmen passing were chased from the premises. A sullen reply repelled their salutations. Then the man was never seen again. Visitors to the place later found the cellar floor dug up, the wine vault demolished and the foundation stones in many places removed. That the old general had gold hidden when he died his wife naturally enough knew.

The railroad was torn up and the hundreds of buildings left to fall into ruin and decay. Forest fires later consumed all traces of them and today nothing but a few foundation stones and green areas mark where the village once stood and even they are few.

The abandoned furnace which John Reaville built and for which he burned a thousand tons of charcoal needlessly is the only structure of the hundreds erected standing today in the valley which is fast being reclaimed to its original wildness. The moss covered, stone walls on the bank of Furnace run, look not unlike the tower and ruins of an old English castle, now collapsing itself.

Plumber Vs Plumbing Engineer – What’s the Difference?

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The phrase “plumbing engineer” might just sound like a fancy five-dollar term to use when “plumber” sounds too pedestrian. Like, if your stodgy old eighth-grade English teacher comes to visit, and the toilet breaks, you might say something like, “Alas! It seems as though it may be time to avail myself of some of my local plumbing engineer’s finest handiwork! Forsooth, and such.”

Luckily, your stodgy eighth-grade English teacher didn’t bring your persnickety eleventh-grade science teacher with her, because you’d be wrong.

You call a plumber to fix a broken toilet, repair a leaky pipe or unclog a stubborn drain. Plumbers are a vital component of the professional engineering community, but a plumber just is not the same as a plumbing engineer.

So what is a plumbing engineer, you ask? The easiest way to make the distinction is to think of the plumbing engineer as the guy who designs the system, and the plumber as the guy who maintains it. You’d call Jack the plumbing engineer to map out the hot and cold water system in the new home you’re building; you’d call Joe the plumber to fix it when a gasket wears out.

Plumbing engineering relies on design, planning, creation and implementation. A plumbing engineer draws up a pipe system for a new building or series of buildings, makes sure every pipe connection is solid and every delivery method is efficient. He chooses the right materials to make sure the system lasts for years with minimal maintenance. If you get a top-notch plumbing engineer, you probably won’t need to call the plumber very often.

The Whole Building Design Guide, an expansive web-based information resource for contractors, designers and architects, provides a good working definition of plumbing engineering:

The Plumbing Engineer is involved with systems that overlap into the mechanical, civil, and chemical engineering disciplines. The Plumbing Engineer is in a key position to influence the water efficiency, sustainable site, energy, fire protection, and pollution systems of a facility.

Plumbing engineers are qualified to oversee a wide array of public and private building projects:

  • When a new shopping center needs a stormwater management system, the engineering firm designing the center would hand the job over to a plumbing engineer.
  • A plumbing engineer might work closely with a fire protection engineer to to make sure a new sprinkler system is in good working order.
  • An entire team of plumbing engineers might design a sewer system for a new housing development.

SEO Specialists: Easing the Way to the Zenith of Success

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Colorado Springs Landscapers We are an Great Landscaping serivice company here in Colorado Springs providing you with fast and professional service. Check us out today!

I used to wonder what more I had to do to make my business website profitable. I had even consulted many friends of mine; none could give me a pleasing solution to the problem. I had no other alternative but to go for the online solution. After a careful study, I came to know about SEO and its impact. I realized that SEO is the only technique by which one can rank their website higher in search engines. Besides, all of us know that the digital world has a new definition in recent years. All credit goes to many scientific innovations and its correct implementation.

However, a few business experts may disagree with the fact; but the reality is SEO is still a very much effective for online business promotion. Although different SEO experts devise different strategies, but there are about 4 advantages of such kind of service. That’s the reason SEO specialists are always much in demand even in this twenty-first century. Now, let us explore those advantages.

• Increased Traffic – Web traffic, web traffic, and web traffic; that’s all you can think when one thinks about as the first benefit of SEO work. And why not! A better rank always comes up with an assurance to acquire more web traffic. As a result, visitors are likely to become your potential customers in the long run. So, more business profit is waiting for you.

• Brand Awareness – Who would not love to see people uttering his business brand every time they need some specific products and services! All of them for sure; however, an effective SEO service is the convenient method by which you can meet this. The more people would see your business website higher in search engines the more they would seek you. Therefore, a better SEO work means ensuring improved brand awareness as well.

• Better conversion rate – More visitors mean assured possibility to have a better conversion rate. And needless to say, better conversion rate hints at a better sales volume in future. With superior quality content, SEO professionals will ease the way to get better rank in search engines.

• Increased site usability – SEO experts do know that better usability of a website is an imperative to get the desired result. Hence, they prefer making the website more user-friendly. Consequently, it is easier now to navigate for the search engines. at the same time, it would make the website user-friendly for the customers as well.

Therefore, better not to take the risk, and hire them to get these benefits.

How to Start a Foreclosure Cleanup and Property Preservation Company

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A new article on June 3, 2009 from MSN Money writer Michael Brush indicates that there is a third wave of foreclosures still to come from prime borrowers (i.e. those previously “safe-borrowers” with sound credit and fixed-rate mortgages) as a result of job losses thanks to the worsening economy (“Coming: A 3rd Wave of Foreclosures”).

The article states that “In the first quarter, the percentage of these borrowers who were behind on their mortgages or in foreclosure had doubled from a year earlier, to nearly 6%” and goes on to say that “Credit Suisseanalyst Rod Dubitsky predicted last week that 8.1 million mortgages, or 16% of all mortgages, will go into foreclosure over the next four years. A weak economy, continued declines in home prices and rising delinquencies among prime borrowers all but ensure that foreclosures “will march steadily higher,” he says.” Not such great news for the economy, but good news indeed for entrepreneurs interested in starting a foreclosure cleanup business to clean and repair foreclosed homes for the banks.

To put this in perspective, this means that there will be over 2 million foreclosures a year and more than $2,025,000,000 up for grabs in money that will be spent on cleaning up these foreclosed properties (since the average bill is $1000+ to clean up one of these properties).

Let’s take a look at how you can position yourself to capitalize on this coming foreclosure movement

Set Up Your Company Properly

If you want to be hired for cleanup or preservation work, you’ll need to operate your business as a professional company. The good news is that you can set up a business quickly and inexpensively, and usually on your own. Many people decide to set up an LLC (Limited Liability Company) because of how quickly and easily it can be done but you’ll want to check with your accountant or other business professional to select the type of business entity that’s right for your personal situation.

If you do decide to start an LLC, you can usually find all of the documents you need online from your state’s government website. Usually the branch you’re looking for will be called the “Industrial Commission” or “Corporation Commission” or similar. Try typing in “start a business + ______ (your state)”. Anything ending in “.gov” is usually a good place to start as it indicates a government site.

Once your business is set up, you’ll need an Employer Identification Number (EIN), which is like a SSN for your business. You can register for one online: type in “IRS” & “EIN” into a search engine to find the online registration link.

As soon as you have your EIN (which you can usually get immediately online), you can open up a business bank account for your company. This step is very, very important. In the excitement of things, many people get caught up in the day-to-day dealings of running a business and use their personal accounts to pay for business expenses. Not only does this present an accounting nightmare at the end of the year, but it could present problems for you with the IRS if you don’t keep your personal and business finances separate.

Once you legally set up your business, you may be required to register your business with your county or city in order to get a business license to operate. You can start by calling City Hall or the Office of the County Clerk to inquire as to whether or not you need a city/county/state business license and if so, how to get one.

So to recap:

1. Legally set up your business

2. Get your EIN # and set up a business bank account

3. Apply for a business license

4. If you want to do preservation work, determine whether or not you need a contractors’ license

Get Insurance

You absolutely must have a Commercial Liability Insurance policy and Workers’ Compensation Insurance in order to run your business. Not only is insurance essential for protecting yourself from liability and protecting those that work for you in the event of a work-related injury, but many asset management companies will not do business with you if you do not meet their minimum insurance requirements.

Insurance will likely be one of your largest start-up costs, however, most insurance companies allow you to pay the premium on a monthly (rather than yearly) basis, which definitely makes this expense more affordable.

General Liability Insurance policies can cover the following: bodily injury, property damage, contractual liability, personal and advertising injury, professional liability (also known as Errors & Omissions (E&O) insurance, this coverage protects you and your business from litigation caused by charges of professional neglect or failure to perform your professional duties), hired auto and non-auto liability and umbrella liability.

You’ll want to speak directly with your insurance agent to get a better idea of the extent of the coverage provided by their particular policy and one that is best suited for your individual needs

Workers’ Compensation Insurance is required in most states when you have W2 employees, and some states also require your insurance to cover your 1099 contractors also. Workers’ Compensation (“Workers’ Comp”) covers your employees’ medical and disability expenses related to work-related illness and on-the-job injuries.

In the states where you are not required to cover your 1099 contractors you would need them to provide proof that they carry their own Workers’ Compensation insurance. Although tempting to shift the financial burden of maintaining a policy onto your 1099 contractors, in all reality, you are probably better off to take on the cost of all staff Workers’ Compensation (all W2 employees and 1099 contractors). The reason is that it’s difficult to find only independent contractors that have their own policy. In addition, this industry has such high turnover that if you put this restriction on your independent contractors, you’ll waste valuable time and lost revenues trying to find replacements in a hurry.

Here’s a great tip: sometimes you can get “pay-as-you-go” insurance where your workers’ compensation insurance premiums are based on your actual payroll, rather than an estimated amount. This is great for companies that are just starting out or have a fluctuating workload. Type in “pay as you go workers comp” into a search engine for results in your area.

As a second tip, we’ve used Farmers Insurance for years and have always had excellent customer service and great rates. Just Google “Farmers Insurance” for an agent in your area.

Foreclosure Cleanup v.s. Property Preservation Services

As the name suggests as a Foreclosure Cleanup Company, you’ll be cleaning out all of the junk in the house (also called a “trashout or a “junk out”), as well as cleaning the interior of the home. You may also be required to remove vehicles on the property. Usually foreclosure cleanup companies are also responsible for doing a basic landscape cleanup which includes hauling out any junk from the front/back yards, cutting the grass and trimming trees/bushes.

Cleaning up the property is the extent of services offered by a Foreclosure Cleanup Company, whereas a Property Preservation Company is also involved in the “securing” of the property and the “preserving” of the property.

Here are some of the services that a preservation company may offer (note that a Property Preservation Company will generally also offer cleanup services):

Securing the Property

o Initial vacant property inspection

o Lock changes

o Boarding of windows and doors

o Temporary roof repair

o Securing swimming pools

Preserving the Property

o Exterior Debris removal

o Abandoned vehicle removal (cars, boats, etc.)

o Interior Debris removal (junk-out)

o Hazardous waste removal

o Interior cleaning services including carpet cleaning

o Window washing/graffiti removal

o Window replacement

o Pool services (draining, acid washing, maintaining, etc.)

o Pest control services

o Yard maintenance/landscaping

o Snow removal

o Winterization

o Gutter cleaning

o Pressure washing

o Carpet removal & replacement

o Tile/Floor repairs

o Painting

o Sheetrock/drywall repairs

o Carpentry repairs

o Plumbing fixtures repairs & replacements

o Fire & mold remediation

o Fence repair

Here are a few things to consider when determining the extent of the services you want to offer:

A Contractors’ License is generally not required for Foreclosure Cleanup Company but is likely required for preservation companies doing work over a certain dollar value (usually $500 – $1000+). Sometimes this license can be obtained by attending a course and successfully passing a test whereas other states require previous, verifiable industry experience.

The insurance premiums tend to be higher on companies that offer preservation services as they are considered to be a “general contractor”. However, the revenue potential is much higher as preservation services tend to run from a few thousand dollars upwards instead of $800 – $1500 for each cleanout.

Usually what people do is start out initially offering just the foreclosure cleanup services and then when things pick up, they’ll add preservation items to the list of services they offer. This let’s them get their foot in the door without having to spend a whole lot of money upfront when setting up their company.

Source the Right Equipment & Tools

The great thing about starting a foreclosure cleanup company is that the initial expenses are quite low as much of the equipment and tools needed for cleaning foreclosures can likely be found in your own garage:

o Cleaning chemicals (i.e. all purpose cleaner, disinfectant, toilet bowl cleaner, window cleaner)

o Cleaning supplies (broom, mop, scrub pads)

o Vacuum cleaner

o Garbage bags and shovels

o Work gloves and disposable plastic gloves

o Lawn mowers & lawn tools

o Wheelbarrow

For the smaller items you don’t have on hand, check your local dollar store. Their prices can’t be beat and they usually have the same chemicals and cleaning supplies as the other retailers. Once you start doing some volume, consider shopping for your supplies at Sam’s Club or Costco to keep your expenses low.

You can also find used equipment in great shape (such as vacuums) by going around to your local Saturday morning garage/yard sales. If you have a “Re-Use” center or a Salvation Army, you may consider checking there also as they often have vacuums and other small equipment or yard tools for sale.

For hauling junk, you’ll need some sort of trailer and a vehicle large enough to pull it. If you don’t have a truck and a trailer, you can always borrow a friend’s truck and rent a trailer from U-Haul or just go ahead and rent a moving truck from U-Haul. (Remember though, that you’ll be charged a daily rate plus a per-mile rate when you rent a moving truck whereas if you use your own truck and just rent the pull-trailer, you’ll only incur the daily rental rate for the trailer.)

Sometimes you’ll be required to clean a property that doesn’t have electricity or water. In the event that there’s no electricity, you’ll need a generator to operate the vacuum cleaners and other electrical equipment. These can be rented at Lowe’s or Home Depot and is a much better alternative to purchasing one outright unless you’re going to use it on a regular basis (a new one will run you about $500+).

To save on expenses, it’s best to rent equipment in the beginning.

Once you get up and going, it may be worth looking into purchasing equipment of your own. Check the online classifieds ads (such as Craigslist, Kijiji and Backpage) for used trailers, generators, etc. You should also check with U-Haul as they have been selling some of their excess trucks as of late.

Stay Safe on the Job

As a business owner, you’re responsible for keeping your staff safe while working on the job. Working safely is paramount to the health of your staff and the reputation of your business (and also keeps your insurance premiums low). It’s imperative that you review safety issues prior to allowing anyone to work on the job – you must provide both classroom and on-the-job safety training to all new hires.

Now, it doesn’t have to be anything fancy; you can spend 20 – 30 minutes reviewing safety policies, safe working practices and answering any questions and then you’ll be done! Make sure you have people sign in and out of the meeting and that you document that a safety meeting took place.

It’s also very important that you become familiar with OSHA and Safety Standards as well as the health & safety hazards associated with this industry so that you can keep your staff safe, avoid accidents and costly fines. You can find the OSHA Pocket Guide to Construction Safety (it’s a short and an easy read) at the main website (OSHA DOT gov) by searching for the report name.

Another way to protect your staff and your business is to make sure that you check references before you hire someone. Insist that they list non-related references (i.e. not mother, sister or best friend) and instead list references of previous employers or someone they know in a professional capacity. We also do drug testing and background checks – it might sound paranoid to some, but the safety of our staff, our customers’ property and our company’s reputation is far too important to risk not spending $20 on a background check or drug test.

Price Your Services Right

In this industry, the lowest price always wins the bid (unless, of course, the lowest bidder has a terrible track record of not completing work and is utterly irresponsible and unprofessional, in which case the company has just committed “reputation-suicide” and will never be hired again). Lenders don’t want to spend any more than they have to on these properties so you want to make sure you price your services comparable with the going market rates (but at the same time, priced so that you still make a great profit and don’t leave any money on the table).

For cleaning out foreclosures, most banks expect to spend anywhere from $500 – $1500 for a cleanout (trashout, interior clean and initial landscape cleanup), but it could be a bit more or a bit less, depending on your area. It’s important to know that most lenders have prescribed “price caps” for the maximum amounts that they’ll pay for services.

If you’re also providing preservation services, a great site that we’ve used before to determine our prices for doing repairs is www.CostEstimator.com for getting the market rates for construction costs – you can get a free 30 day trial (no need to enter credit card – it really is free!). There are over 3,000 cost items adjusted for over 210 local, geographic regions to create your bid and you can add as many others as needed. If you want to sign up after the trial, it’s only $15/month.

Market Your Services

It’s true – “nothing happens until somebody sells something”… and you’ll need to get out there and sell, sell, sell your business. Once you’ve done a few jobs, you’ll find that word of mouth advertising and referrals will provide a large pool of new jobs for you, but in the meantime, you do need to do everything possible to let customers know you exist.

A large portion of work will come from the relationships that you build with Real Estate Agents (“Realtors”) who list bank-owned homes (often referred to as REO listings). They are often given the task of bidding out the cleaning and repairs of new listings by the asset management company so you’ll want to make sure the agents in your area know your company handles this type of work.

A great way to find out which Realtors in your area list REOs is to go online to the major bank’s REO websites and “data mine” the contact information for the listing agents (name, email, phone numbers). It can be painstaking work, but definitely worth it.

Here’s an example of a bank REO sites to get you started collecting Realtor information

WELLS FARGO (Properties managed by Premier Asset Services): pasreo.com/pasreo/images/pas_logo.jpg

NOTE: In order to access agent information, select the state and click search. Then, individually select each listing and click on “Print Property Report CVS”. Each listing and corresponding information (such as agent name, phone # and email) will be created in an Excel spreadsheet. You can access the page

Remember to follow up with a phone call a few days later. Don’t be shy about asking the Realtor if he/she has any jobs for you to bid, either – most of them are very accommodating and willing to give a new company the opportunity to provide estimates.

The other way jobs are bid out is through large Asset Management Companies (also referred to as Marketing & Management Companies, REO Field Service Companies and Property Management Companies). Essentially, the lender says, “ok – I have thousands of properties to get rid of. Here, national ABC Asset Management Company: clean, fix and sell these properties for us”. And the national Asset Management Company will then subcontract out the work to local foreclosure cleanup and property preservation companies. In order to work for these companies, you usually need to sign up your company as a potential vendor. Many times this can be done online.

There are both positives and negatives associated with working for the larger companies. On the positive side, you will probably be given a few projects to work on at a time so you will be kept relatively busy. On the negative side, they usually want you to offer ‘wholesale pricing’ and don’t pay until 30 – 60 days after you invoice them for the work. Working for one of these companies, however, will give you the experience you need to go after more work.

Other possible customers include wholesale property investors (groups of investors that purchase foreclosed homes at the auctions and then sell them to smaller investors at a wholesale price), investors, landlords, property management companies, Realtors and so on.

You should also consider attending your local networking events such as the Chamber of Commerce meetings and any local investor meetings in order to hand out your card and network with potential customers. The more you get out there, the better chance you’ll have of securing some great, long-term customers!

This is definitely an exciting industry and a very profitable one for those of you who don’t mind getting your hands a bit dirty! Good luck!

Newark Solar Energy Project To Save 4,400 Trees

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gutter We are an Great Gutter serivice company here in Colorado Springs providing you with fast and professional service. Check us out today!On Tuesday, December 15, City of New Jersey officials, along with Weston Solutions, Inc. executives and Wilson Avenue Realty representatives, got together for a final inspection of a 200-kilowatt rooftop solar system at the city’s engineering department motor vehicle garage.

Located at 233-249 Wilson Avenue, in Newark’s East Ward, the 55,472-square foot building, occupied via a long-term lease from Wilson Ave. Realty, features a $1.3-million system which will provide about 83 percent of the building’s electricity needs when completed in January of 2010.

Comprised of 806 solar photovoltaic panels delivering 240,719 kilowatt-hours per year, the system will prevent about 173 metric tons of carbon dioxide from being emitted by regional utility Public Service Electric & Gas, or PSEG, whose generation mix is about half nuclear, with coal and natural gas making up most of the balance.

This 173 avoided tons of carbon dioxide, a potent greenhouse gas, is equivalent to removing 33 cars from American roads, or planting 4,433 trees, and represents part of New Jersey’s increasing commitment to clean, renewable solar energy.

The solar array is the result of a cooperative effort between Wilson and Weston Solutions, Inc., with the latter owning and operating the solar panel array and selling power back to the City of Newark at a cost below existing retail rates, so the city will see an immediate economic benefit.

The solar installation also produced job training, via collaboration between the city’s Engineering and Sustainability Office and various community groups like the Urban Environmental Institute and NewarkWorks. Graduates earned solar installation certification from the New Jersey Institute of Technology, which prepared them to participate in the installation and enables them to find other, solar-related jobs in the future.

The solar installation was the last step in a wide-ranging energy efficiency upgrade at the garage, which repairs the city’s fleet of vehicles, including police cars, fire trucks and waste removal trucks. The city’s fleet of 1,100 vehicles includes 463 police cars alone.

In addition to being home to half a dozen solar panel firms like SeaBright Solar, Soltra Energy Solutions, and Solar Energy Systems LLC, Newark is located in the only state considered a serious contender to California, which currently ranks number 1 in solar installations nationally. New Jersey currently produces over 90 megawatts of solar energy, compared with only a single megawatt seven years ago.

Much of this solar growth can be attributed to the state’s Clean Energy Program, which offers an appealing combination of SRECs (solar renewable energy credits, paying about $680 per megawatt-hour), a state rebate, a sales tax exemption, and a net metering policy. In New Jersey, according to recent calculations, a 5-kilowatt system costing $35,000 can end up costing as little as $15,000.

No wonder New Jersey, with solar insolation values half that of California, is going solar by leaps and bounds. Follow the money.

Garage Door Springs, The Danger Zone

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Usually, the largest mechanical thing around your house is the overhead garage door – the one you’re driving your car through, sometimes without even opening it – I know that you do :-).

The major, and the most dangerous componnent of the overhead door is the garage door spring – (or springs depending on the design), which supports the entire weight of the door panels (sometimes over 400 pounds) and helps you to lift / lower the entire door assembly. I have personally installed 3 overhead garage doors with 2 different types of springs, and you do have to trust me on that – garage door springs are under enormous pressure and you can get seriously injured or even killed when performing such work. If you decide to take your chances – it is imperative that you follow instructions to the last detail! Even if you have a friend or a professional doing it for you, read it and check everything after the installer finishes the job. The garage overhead doors have no safety brakes (at least I haven’t heard about any), that would prevent it from falling down when the supporting spring fails. I’ve found some US patents for such devices, but apparently none of them were ever implemented into an actual garage door.

According to the US Consumer Product Safety Commission, garage overhead door related accidents account for thousands of injuries every year (average of 30000 per year). For example, these injuries are: fractures, crushings and amputations. It is believed that not all injuries are reported in the United States . (CPSC)

There are basically two types of the garage door spring systems utilizing tracks / side rails (at least these are the most common types in Illinois and probably the rest of US):

1. garage door torsion spring(s) which are wound-up on a rod above the garage door opening top section ( door header)

2. garage door extension springs that are attached on either side of the door and stretch along the horizontal part of the track when the door is closed

You might also have an old, one piece door that swings outward as it goes up and overhead. This particular design will have springs mounted on the sides of the door opening – at about your waist height, secured to a lever bracket system that extends the springs toward the ceiling at the door closing. It is an old and extremely dangerous system, not manufactured anymore. If you have such a system in the garage, I’d highly recommend replacing it.

Garage door torsion springs – there are either single or double spring designs. The spring will usually break while under the maximum stress which is when the overhead garage door closes / travels down, or it is already completely closed (USUALLY). If you’re closing it manually and it happens during this operation, don’t try to prevent it from crushing down, let it go … well, unless your foot is where the door will slam!

When one of the two garage door springs breaks you need to have them both replaced at the same time! It will cost some extra money, but having an old and new spring installed will:

– put much more stress on the new one

– the door will loose proper balance

– the remaining old garage door spring will most likely break soon

Torsion springs for residential overhead garage doors have anywhere between 5000 – 30000 cycles life span. Those digits represent an average total number of times you should be able to open and close your door before anticipating garage door spring replacement.

Garage door extension springs – you might have either one or two on each side of your overhead garage door A critical issue with those springs is to have a safety cable installed inside of each single spring and secured properly, so when the door opens and closes, the spring can freely slide on this cable! When the garage door spring snaps without the cable inside, broken ends might severely injure anyone standing within their range. The cables should be always included with the overhead garage doors hardware (assuming that they came equipped with extension springs), but A LOT OF PEOPLE either forget to install them, or don’t read instructions and maybe assume that they are not required. Unlike the torsion spring, which doesn’t really show any visual wear until it breaks, extension spring wear is much easier to spot, because they simply change dimensions: the coils are over-stretched (best visible when the garage door is open). If you notice such a behavior on your garage door springs – it’s time for a replacement.

And for both types of the garage door springs – their tension should be evenly adjusted (on a two spring system) so the overhead door travels properly in its tracks – to test it, stop the door slightly above the garage floor (1″ or two) and make sure that its bottom / top edge are perfectly horizontal. Measuring the gap along the bottom might not be the best way to confirm that, because the garage floors are often out of level. Placing a level somewhere in the center section of the garage door top edge would give you the best readout (remember that the door should not be closed completely!). When the springs are properly adjusted, you should be able to raise and stop the garage door at any height, and it should stay at this level without any assistance ( garage door opener arm disconnected).

Important things to remember:

1. Check the rollers / hinges, cables, and the overhead garage door springsoften to ensure they are in good working condition

2. Educate your children about garage door safety

3. Never leave children and disabled persons unattended near or in a garage door path

4. Keep your body clear of the door path when closing

5. Don’t leave a personal property underneath an open garage door

6. Read more about the garage door opener and other garage components

Search Engine Optimization Guide for Webmasters [senior Hs Paper]

Introduction

Search Engines have developed into the Internet’s most popular and powerful source of information, accounting for an estimated 80% of the Internet’s traffic (Heche, 2007, p. 1). As a result, website owners are realizing the power in such devises and are shifting marketing budgets into the optimization of their sites specifically for search engines. During the toddler years of search engine optimization (SEO), crafty developers took advantage of weak search engine algorithms to display their websites in top results, regardless of their site’s relevance. However, as more advanced Internet search engine technologies emerged to solve such exploits, new SEO methods were pursued (Boykin, 2007, p. 1). With the growth in search engine popularity and accuracy, and with newly emerging techniques used to target such engines, SEO has become a cut-throat competitive industry that is quickly being dominated in its utilization by big-business corporations (Murray, 2007, p. 1). Regardless of a company size and status, however, company webmasters with basic knowledge of HTML and blogging can establish top search engine rankings for websites that target niche markets with great efficiency by employing specific on-page and off-page SEO techniques.

A Search Engine Primer

Search engines did not become popular overnight. In fact, it took half a decade for the general public to catch on to the power of them. Search engines have become a woven part of society only because of their brilliant architecture; systems with frameworks so complex, yet so simple in user utilization that a novice can operate it. Concisely, the modern search engine is an intricate tool formulated to minimize the discovery time of information by minimizing result digression and maximizing result accuracy based on hundreds of relative factors. The basic functionality of a search engine includes content discovery, indexing, querying, and ranking (Fishkin, 2007, p. 4).

Content discovery is often referred to as “Web crawling”. The analogy of the “Web” is an important concept to grasp, since its analogy will act as a backbone to understanding the search engine discovery process and the terminology involved. The internet can be generally referred to as the World Wide Web, or just Web for short, because the structure of the internet most resembles the structure of a spider web (Davis, 2005, p. 1). Each of the billions of pages of content are linked together in some way or another to create an incomprehensibly large network of connections. Consequently, search engines have called their automated programs that crawl this web “bots” or “spiders”. Modern crawlers revisit indexed sites on a regular basis to look for changes or revisions. Sites are normally updated by the crawler between a one or two months time. In estimation, search engines have only crawled about half of the Web’s content pages, accounting for between eight to ten billion pages (Fishkin, 2007, p. 4).

Every page that is crawled on the Web by a search engine is placed into a gigantic database called an index or sometimes a catalogue. Massive organization is applied to the index in a way that requests can sort through billions of pages and find relevant matches within just fractions of a second. Sometimes it can take a considerable amount of time for a search engine to actually index a site after crawling it. During this time, the site will not be available on index to those searching (Fishkin, 2007, p. 4).

Content querying is the provision of an interface or gateway connecting the human user and the results waiting inside the search engine database. The results vary in type from web pages to online published word processor documents, and are returned to the user based on the criteria they indicate. The method a user might use to indicate criterion varies based on the search engine. Search engines normally provide a blank text input field in which the user can type terms or phrases into then press a button to send the query to the search engine for processing. Many modern search engines incorporate exclusive input syntaxes that a user might learn to take full advantage of the search engine’s power. Natural language searches, however, allow a user to input full sentence-structured questions instead of requiring the user to learn query syntaxes (Sullivan, 2007, p. 1). An example of syntax is placing terms in quotations. Google, the most commonly used search engine of today, uses quotations to specify results that return exact matches to all the terms in the order they are listed in quotations. Google includes ten other operators used to better define a query and home in on the target results (Google Cheat Sheet, 2007, p. 1).

Ranking becomes a search engine’s most distinguishing process, as this will determine what and how information is displayed to the user. A commonality all search engines share by nature is the organization of pages by relevancy starting first with most relevant and ending with least. The higher a page’s rank is, the higher the site’s probable relevance will be as perceived by the engine. Every search engine uses its own unique method of determining how pages rank in relation to one another, and these are called algorithms. An algorithm is a mathematical formula that will take into consideration dozens of factors that have positive and negative effects on page rank. Think of it as a set of rules that a judge uses to determine which girl wins in a beauty pageant. The winner will always showcase more than just beauty alone, but instead, indicate a deeper purpose like the reputation, talents, and even life intentions. The many factors involved in judging contestants in a beauty pageant are very much like the factors used to rank a webpage (Sisson, 2006, p. 12).

Brief History of the Search Engine

The earliest breeds of search engines were not actually search engines at all, but rather massive directories of content pages manually submitted by their authors. It was not until spiders and bots came to the scene that people began to see the power behind such tools (Wall, n.d., p. 8). Archie appeared in 1990 as the very first tool used to search pages of the Internet. It was named Archie to resemble the word “archive” without the “v”. Built by Alan Emtage, the program indexed directory listings from public FTP sites. An alternative tool emerged a year later called Gopher, which indexed solely text files instead of all computer files. Two other index systems called Veronica and Jughead searched the Gopher index servers and provided more targeted keyword search (Wall, n.d., p. 2). By 1993, a new generation of search engine emerged from a student at MIT: automated web crawling. Initially used for counting and measuring the size of the Web, the first web crawling bot on the Internet was named the World Wide Web Wanderer by its creator Matthew Gray. ALIWEB (Archie-Like Indexing of the Web) was introduced in the same year with the capability to collect page meta-data and allow page authors to submit their own content. Search engines and crawling technology wasn’t yet seen as having any true significance for society until further university experiments were done (Wall, n.d., p. 1).

As the Internet gained popularity and started appearing as a business opportunity to investors, college students began getting large funding opportunities. This boom in funding caused break-through developments such as relevancy-based indexing to occur. Corporations like Altavista, Ask Jeeves, Lycos, Yahoo, and Google in turn met at the search engine scene, each bringing their own new innovations to the table. Altavista offered a brand new method of searching for the end-user known as natural language inquiry (Wall, n.d., p. 1). Ask Jeeves was quick to mimic this technique, but also focused on building its index from web communities. A few years later, Altervista was bought by Yahoo! for 235 million dollars, which was just one of that many small steps taken toward the multi-billion dollar establishment Yahoo! is today (Olsen, 2003, p. 1). Lycos contained the largest index of any search engine of its time with more than 60 million documents in 1996, but eventually evolved into the fifth most popular web portal in the world (Sherman, 2002, p. 1). Lycos abandoned its own search engine algorithm, and began powering its search feature by Ask in 2006, which is former Ask Jeeves (O’Reilly, 2006, p. 1).

Although Google entered the scene relatively late in 1998, it still managed to ultimately come out on top from its tough search engine competitors (Google Milestones, 2007, p. 1) Through collaboration, Larry Page and Sergey Brin babied their creation until receiving more than 25 million dollars in funding in just a year’s time from its initial launch (Google Milestones, 2007, p. 3). Google partnered with AOL and Yahoo! by early 2000, which also marked the release year of the renowned Google toolbar (Google Milestones, 2007, p. 4). In 2007, Colvin of CNN reported that “Google’s figure is $149 billion and rising fast, pushing the company past most of America’s biggest, most successful, most respected corporations” (Colvin, 2007, p. 1). It is clear that Google has conquered the search engine war, rendering it as the most valuable search engine webmasters can optimize for their websites. Google has practically set the standard for other search engines that have followed the leader’s footsteps. Because of this, Google-specific page ranking factors are currently the most significant for any SEO venture because of competing search engines’ inherent similarities (Ryan, 2006, p. 1).

On-Page Search Engine Optimization

Jumping straight into SEO, it is imperative to understand that success relies heavily on the keywords that are chosen for the optimization venture. Because keyword terms can be found inside content, titles, headers, and images of a webpage, these are all considered on-page objects and therefore contribute to the optimization of the page itself. Keywords can be thought of as the foundation upon which SEO is built on, when if removed from the equation it leaves a broken structure. In relation to SEO, keywords are terms used to define the purpose of a webpage in its entirety (Fishkin, 2007, p. 9).

Commonly, there is confusion between metadata keywords and content keywords. metadata entries, which are code strings placed in the code heading of pages, are no longer used for relevancy because they were taken advantage of by having irrelevant keywords that attracted undeserved attention. For this metadata keywords are no longer used, while metadata descriptions are only used as snapshots for a few rare search engine directory page entries. Because of all this, metadata entries are very insignificant to SEO. In the world of keywords, content is king. When a search query is sent, the search engine will try to return with pages that match best to the inquiry keywords found within a page’s content (Sisson, 2006, p. 8). Since so much relies on keywords, it is common practice to conduct research to seek the right related keywords or keyword combinations that are optimizable for a given scenario. There are several free online tools available for keyword research, such as the tool suite found at http://tools.seobook.com/keyword-tools (Callen, 2005, p. 32)

Keywords that are too popular will actually have a negative impact on search rankings because of the overcoming competition. Instead of seeking popular solo keywords like “insurance” or “games”, it is much more effective to find a niche (Callen, 2005, p. 12). A niche homes in on the specific product, idea, or service that is attempting to be displayed in search results. When optimizing for a focused target audience, the competition is easier to outsource, and in turn will always promise high rankings when page optimization is established. Instead of seeking a single magic keyword, it is best to seek a keyword combination or a phrase that will best describe a niche specifically. Most people enter 2-5 word phrases into search queries, which ensures security with multi-keyword niches (Sisson, 2006, p. 13).

Some webmasters have tried repeating their keywords excessively on their pages to boost frequency. What these webmasters might not understand is that excessive keywording is like playing with fire, where if they get too close they will get burned. If a search engine notices an unusually excessive repetition of keywords, the engine will demote the site and may even ban it from its index completely. In contrast to this, search engines are now intelligently seeking common relationships between terms on the Web, so when keywords are used throughout a document with fluency and in good context, this can quickly benefit a site’s ranking (Fishkin, 2007, p. 9).

Keywords should be strategically placed on a webpage to maximize keyword frequency without running the risk of being seen as a keyword spammer by the search engine. If more than one keyword combination is being targeted by your site, it is important not to strand keywords together in an attempt to increase keyword relevance. In page content, header code tags will emphasize keywords for users as well as search engine spiders. Placing keywords naturally in the alt tags of content relating images will also boost page relevance, and return your site in image search results. Most importantly, naturally mentioning keywords in body paragraph text will increase keyword frequency. To reiterate however, it is important not to overuse keywords in body paragraphs, since some search engines might suspect a site with that sort of ‘keyword juicing’ as spam (Sisson, 2006, p. 13).

Linking is another imperative factor of page rankings which will be covered in greater detail in off-page techniques, but is also a part of on-page optimization. Internal linking generates a hierarchy of synonymous page rank based upon which pages are linked most. Many webmasters often do not realize they are making a mistake when chain-linking content more than two levels away from the homepage, or mesh linking. Mesh linking occurs when every page contains a link to every other page in the site, giving every page with equal importance. This means a contact or form page will rank just as high as the actual meat of the site. To solve this issue and direct the search engines’ focus towards pages of importance, a hierarchical linking system should be established. To create linking hierarchy, not all pages are cross linked, and important pages are linked to by the largest number of pages on the site (Sisson, 2006, p. 37).

Off Page Search Engine Optimization

While on-page optimization provides a solid basis for a website being recognized by spiders, it is the links from other websites that determine the rank of the recognized page. Off-page search engine optimization is mostly concerned with this establishment of inbound links to the focus website. The process is known as link building, and is by far the most strenuous aspect of SEO. A site’s page rank is determined by both the quantity and quality of its incoming links. The quality of a link is the most weighted factor, which is based upon the page rank of the site making the link. If the linked site has relevance to the site being optimized, then this is a positive detail (Fishkin, 2007, p. 26). Relevancy is determined by comparing keywords in website titles, the anchor text of the link, and even its IP address. The IP address or number value that the domain name refers to may have less weighted effect on page ranking if it shares a common third octet (Sisson, 2006, p. 43). Sites that have very high page ranks are referred to as ‘authoritative’ and will almost automatically boost the page rank of a site it links to. Two forms of linking exist: two-way and one-way.

Two-way linking is also known as reciprocal linking because it is a mutual establishment between site owners. This method is essentially a link swap. Some webmasters carry the misconception that paying for well known link exchange services will guarantee site visits, but this is only true on a temporary degree (Sisson, 2006, p. 54). Also, link exchanges are considered manipulative and have a record of incurring removal of sites from search engine indexes.

One-way link building can sometimes be considered a science and art, since many techniques are nothing short of brilliant. One scheme often used to build massive amounts of inbound links is to produce a gadget or banner that appeals to other site owners, and encourages them to take a code snippet for the gadget or personalized banner and place it on their own site. An example of this method is evident at www.nerdtests.com. This site offers a free and fun online quiz that ranks the user’s nerdiness in percent relation to everyone else who took the quiz and awards an ‘official title’ banner code based on the outcome. These banners can be found floating all around the net in user signatures of online community forum boards or even on personal blogs and provides www.nerdtests.com with an endless link base (Spencer, 2007, p. 1).

The most common and reliable method of getting back-links is submitting articles to informative websites, which usually give authors an opportunity to link to their personal site. Social bookmarking sites like Digg, Del.icio.us, StumbleUpon, and Propeller all have recently become a hit sensation among frequent internet users. These bookmarking sites provide a portal to sites recommended by other users. If the content on a site is valuable or entertaining enough to people, social bookmarking sites may be the most effective approach to off-page optimization since they are based on popularity and massive viral tendencies (Hagen, 2007, p. 5).

Method

As my primary research, I conducted an interview on October 25, 2007, consisting of ten focused questions about SEO with Bill Slawski. Bill is the President of SEO by the Sea and the Director of Internet Marketing for KeyRelevance Inc., and was directly referred to me by Rand Fishkin, one of the world’s most renowned and authoritative SEO experts. Bill is one of the founders and administrators of Cre8asite Forums, is an active correspondent for Search Engine Land, and writes a weekly column for their small business section. Mr. Slawski’s professional credentials substantiate the validity of his interview responses and provide access to exclusive insider industry knowledge. The interview was completed via electronic mail, in which Bill took full advantage of to respond with in-depth and intuitive answers complete with real-world examples.

Results

As the first question of my interview, I asked Bill how he would define SEO to the average Internet user. Bill responded, “In simplest terms, Search Engine Optimization (SEO) is applying knowledge of how search engines work to make sites easier to find on the web for the audiences that those pages were intended to attract. In more complicated terms, SEO is a matter of combining an application of marketing ideas and a knowledge of search engines to help bring the right people to a site so that they will change from visitor to consumer.” This description spells out the fundamental concepts of SEO. It is important to understand SEO, in essence, is limitless in ways of targeting consumer markets. While advertising schemes might be limited to the specific targets the advertising company provides based upon the small amount of information shared with them about your product, SEO delves into your niche and allows for much more targeting flexibility.

My second question for Bill was, “In what ways is SEO more effective or efficient than other online marketing methods?” He responded saying, “Search engine optimization means being aware of how search engines might collect information from the pages of a website, and making it easy for the search engines to index the content of those pages. In effect, it means enabling a search engine to become an index for the pages of a site. It can be less expensive than using the paid contextual ads that you see displayed with search results at a search engine, or the banner ads that show up on other websites that may point to the site advertised.” This cost efficiency is an important component of why business professionals are making the leap away from conventional pay per click advertising as their primary marketing strategy and making the switch to search engine optimization.

The third question pointed towards the public view on this experts own industry. My question was, “Do you think the power of SEO is relatively undermined, or in contrast, do you think it is overplayed as an online marketing method in the industry?” He responded with, “Search is one of the commonest activities that people get involved in when the go online, so making a website easy to be found in a search engine for people who might be looking for what that site has to offer is a good idea. It can make sense to include SEO as one part of a multiple part marketing effort, and to build a strong marketing plan that includes both online and offline parts. Unfortunately, there are differing skill sets amongst people who offer SEO services – some are just better than others.” While my question was meant to explore SEO’s public relation solely, Bill brought up an extremely important reiteration of SEO’s unknown power when combined with an ultimate market plan encompassing offline target markets as well as the ones who exist online. This also adds to the concept of ‘limitless’ SEO possibilities.

I asked for my next question, “Can any website benefit from SEO?” Bill explained, “SEO is only really important to sites that want to increase their visibility on the Web. A game clan site, where everyone who needs to know the address of the site already does has no need for SEO. But, if you hope to attract visitors to your pages, it doesn’t hurt to make them as search friendly as possible. And if you want to attract people to those pages who might be interested in the content of the pages, it doesn’t hurt to try to use words on the pages that those people might try to search with on a search engine, and to do it in a manner that makes it more likely that those words will be found earlier on in search results.” Drawn from his answer is a suggestion of widely conventional use for SEO. Unless meant specifically to be concealed from Internet users, any website seeking visitors can benefit largely from any amount of SEO. Since amateur implementation of SEO is key part of this paper, the next question was very distinctive in terms.

I asked, “Is it possible for webmasters to (with fundamental knowledge of HTML and blogging) implement SEO for themselves with relatively successful results for their small websites?” Unsurprisingly, my prediction was reinforced with his answer. Bill said, “Webmasters with a fundamental knowledge of HTML and blogging can achieve some success with being found on the web, but having a good knowledge of how search engines work can help a webmaster make better choices about how their site is set up for success with search engines.” I asked, “In general, what is the timeline of results returned by SEO?” Bill responded saying, “The amount of time that it may take to achieve results may vary by the site involved and how much work it might need, the competitiveness of the market it is within, and the demand for what the site offers. It’s almost impossible to guarantee success generally, and perhaps even harder to do it within a specified timeline.” While other sources have noted results can be seen in a matter of days in some cases, it seems there is no definitive amount of time that promises results to become evident. In that, the SEO marketing solution may not always suite for website owners seeking instant Web traffic.

This question focused on SEO as a long-term asset. I asked Bill, “Do you believe SEO may become obsolete in the future?” He explained, “I don’t see it becoming obsolete as much as I see it evolving. What we considered SEO in 1998 is different than what we consider it to be now. If you look at a set of search results in Google today, you may see videos, images, news, web pages, product searches, and other results that you wouldn’t have seen even a couple of years ago. The web is changing and search engines are changing, and helping people so that they understand some of these changes and how they might impact their web sites will probably continue to be a need to be filled in the future.” This provides a fairly straight answer indicating that SEO will only continue to progress with changes over time, rendering SEO as a very reasonable long-term asset for any website.

My final and most important question asked, “In what ways might SEO be viable for businesses with niches?” Bill responded saying, “Finding a niche where you can be competitive, and where there’s a demand from consumers can increase your likelihood of success. A small business can often take advantage of working within a niche that a larger business might find to be too much work for too little return. If the smaller business has considerably less overhead in terms of cost and time, they may be able to thrive in one of those niches. By focusing upon a specific market or audience that others aren’t, it may be possible to be found easier if people want to find the service or goods or information that you provide within that niche.” This is a fabulous reverberation of how specific keyword combinations and niches interact. Focusing on smaller markets can provide a better means of success on a smaller, yet more attainable scale.

Discussion

Throughout the extent of my research, SEO had been discovered to be one of, if not the, most effective Internet marketing strategies available today. Statistics have shown that the largest magnitude of online users discover information and merchandise through the use of search engines. SEO channels that majority of Internet traffic directly into a marketable solution, idea, or product with the best cost and time efficiency. By employing on-page and off-page techniques, a webmaster with basic knowledge of HTML and blogging can supply a particular niche website with a top search engine result ranking respective to its niche search keywords. Keywords play an imperative role in the SEO venture by providing the base of the optimized structure. The keyword focus of a pre-optimized website is determined through intense research by identifying competition and analyzing keyword query frequencies using particular keyword research tools. After keywords are determined, on-page content structure and coding is the next priority, seeing as off-page link building logically requires a quality page to link to beforehand. Off-page techniques will utilize link building strategies to launch the rankings already established by on-page SEO past competition.

The product produced as a result from my intense research will enable any adventurous amateur with fundamental HTML and blogging familiarity to pursue SEO with relatively guaranteed success. My product, in the form of a website, guides the pursuer with simple and concise instructions. The website splits the SEO mission between on-page and off-page techniques which have been explained in earlier sections of this paper. Instead of discussing these techniques in non-applicable generality however, the website will demonstrate specific examples of each optimization practice with its own optimized features.

To view my final product website, click here.

For references used in this paper, click here.

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Computer repair the remote way

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If the computer is a technological marvel, Internet has outwitted it, and it has taken even computer repairs into unprecedented heights. computer repair itself can now be managed through the virtual medium.

Online computer repair is routinely done nowadays by the manufacturing company, which has sold the machine to the computer owner. They invariably have an ID with which they can log on to the computer and manage the repairs during the warranty period. After the initial warranty period if the buyer opts for extended warranties, the provision for computer repairs through online access will continue.

Independent computer service centers also provide remote access computer repair services. Since most service providers offer the choice of online service along with onsite or offsite computer repair, it is up to the customer to choose which one he needs. While doing computer repair via remote access, the technician will be able to see the customer’s computer fully on his computer screen. This means that he will be seeing all the errors and problems exactly as the customer is seeing it sitting in front of the computer. This facility makes it easy for the customer because he does not have to mail to the technicians or explain to him orally what the error is.

Different types of computer repairs like getting rid of viruses, removing spyware, installing software, updating software or operating system, reversing file corruption, and all forms of computer optimization can easily be done through remote access. computer repair requirements resulting from mechanical reasons will be less amenable to repair by remote access. At least some of the problems will require onsite computer repair.

Even so, service providers will be able to identify the problem from a distance without having to come in person and examine the machine. Sometimes they will be able to rectify the problem by giving online guidance to the customer. Also getting a diagnosis done by remote access saves them time and the need to travel just for examining.

Even though during online computer repairs the machine is completely left open to the technician at the other end, the owner does not completely lose control over the machine. There is a provision, which allows the owner to deny access if he feels that there is misuse. The connection program that allows remote access is generally disconnected after the repair and reactivated when another computer repair becomes necessary.

With time being a constraint for everyone, lots of people prefer to have their computer repairs done through remote access. As long as users have a good Internet connection, problems can be solved instantly. Online computer repair service providers generally charge an hourly rate. It is a money saver formula for both the customer and the service provider. Since the traveling expense is not there, the technician will be able to charge less for it, and also provide the service at all times of the day.

Internet is chock-a-block with remote access computer repair specialists. By doing comparison-shopping and also basing the selection on personal recommendations, customers can choose from among them. Though professional ethics will prevent the service providers from misusing the computer access that they have been given, some people may be uncomfortable about keeping their machines open to others and may prefer not to avail the facility.

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Have you ever walked down a hardware store isle and seen copper nails? Nearly everyone has, but who buys those, and what are they used for? It isn’t often that you will find someone buying them. These nails are actually quite nifty and can be used for many different things. Learn about what they are used for and who uses them in this article.

Types of Copper Nails and What They are used for

Firstly, what kinds of copper nails are there? There are copper clout nails and copper annular ring clout nails, as well as many others. These are some of the most common. Other types include copper pins, slates, straps and disk rivets.

Copper clouts and annular rings are used primarily for slates and roofing materials such as tiles. They come in a huge array of different sizes because everyone needs different kinds of clouts for different projects. Most likely, you will end up using copper nails because building regulations prohibit the use of galvanised nails for roofing types such as slate, or because galvanised nails do not last in coastal regions.

Copper clouts provide a longevity that other types of nails will not provide. Also, copper nails have an ease of use that no other kind of nails have, as they can be easily pulled out, and they do not lose their protection. Galvanised nails often corrode very fast, which leads to problems such as roof slates sliding off of the roof. These nails are known for their endurance, which will make your roof last longer.

Copper pins are another type that are used most often for decorating, such as beading and other crafting applications. They are short and the perfect size for this and any decorating needs you have in your home. Additionally, they have a longer life than many other types of nails that are used in these decorating projects. However, they are for indoor use only.

Disk rivets are used exclusively for roofing. If you have fibre cement tiles or slates, these are the perfect way to secure them to your rooftop. Fibre cement tiles are much easier to use than traditional tiles and slates because they are easily replaced. With copper nails such as these, the job will be made even easier.

When you are in need of a good nail for decorating, roof work, or even killing trees, these are the perfect solution. Found at nearly any hardware store, copper nails are also very inexpensive, and can also be bought online from the likes of Tradefix Direct or Screwfix.

Should You Start Your Own Electrician Business? – Pros and Cons

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Just about anyone would love to start their own business. The thought of being able to call the shots and work on your own really sounds great on the surface, but becoming an electrician is a far more difficult task than most people think. It takes years of dedication and learning to become licensed and to become a credible business is a whole other struggle.

Here are the Pros of why you should start you own electrician business:

• Potential Income – Electricians can make anywhere from $40 – $100 dollars an hour and the electrician business is one of the fastest growing businesses in the United States. For you this means there is going to be plenty of money to make if you can become licensed and insured.

• Self Employed – The great thing about become an electrician is the fact you can run your own business with your own rules. You can work from your home or office as long as you have all the materials needed to perform services.

• Tax Benefits – There are a lot of tax benefits of running your own business. The government will literally give you money for start-up costs. The schooling you need will be costly and the government will help out with a portion of that as well.

Here are the Cons of why you shouldn’t start you own electrician business:

• Apprenticeship – It takes years of being an apprentice to a licensed electrician to be able to become one of your own. Some people just don’t have the drive to make it through the years of schooling and apprenticeship that it takes to become licensed in this business.

• Dangerous – Electricians have the possibility of being electrocuted and killed if the right voltage is discharged. There are stories all over the internet about electricians accidentally getting hurt or even worse, killed on jobs where something went wrong. This is a very dangerous job that has high risks of injury. Keep this in mind if you have children or people that rely on you on a regular basis.

• Competition – The competition is this field is high but if you are licensed and insured, you will set yourself apart from a high percentage of the electricians marketing themselves online or on Craigslist. Most of the electricians that you will find on Craigslist, might say they are licensed but they really aren’t. I suggest that when you get your license, you display it on your ads and website, so people know that you are licensed and insured right away.

Becoming an electrician is not an easy task but if you stay motivated, finish your schooling and apprenticeship, and get licensed and insured, it is very likely that you can become successful in this business.

Roof Cleaning Products – What Should I Use to Clean My Roof and Why?

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Roof cleaning products to remove black algae, moss, or fungus from your roof shingles are usually made with one of two active ingredients. In this article we will review the two different types of products most widely used by homeowners and contractors and the pros and cons of each.

The first roof cleaning product we will discuss is Chlorine Bleach (sodium hypochlorite) or lye (sodium hydroxide). This type of roof cleaning product is primarily used by professional roof cleaners due to the caustic nature of the active ingredient (sodium hypochlorite) as well as being the most economical chemical available. Industrial strength Chlorine Bleach is also a readily available product that can found at pool supply retailers which make it easy for contractors to purchase as needed.

PROS: Cheapest chemical available to use. Normally, no pressure needed when rinsing. Chlorine Bleach is readily available to purchase as needed from pool supply retailers.

CONS: This is a very harsh, dangerous chemical, and if used incorrectly could potentially stain, dry out or damage your shingles, remove the finish on aluminum gutters, stain painted surfaces, damage plants and grass, or create health hazards for your pets and children. Just a little bit of over spray while roof cleaning could be disastrous in so many ways. Chlorine bleach is not biodegradable and once it enters the ground it will always be there

Can chlorine bleach or chlorine bleach roof cleaning products be used without this kind of damage occurring? Yes, they can if you are extremely careful. The question you need to ask is when was the last time you did a home improvement project that worked out just the way you thought it would? No matter how careful you are, the chances that you may have over spray get on something else other than your shingles is pretty good. Just a little bit of wind can cause over spray to reach your yard or your neighbor’s yard. Most homeowners are not willing to take that chance so they either hire a professional roof cleaner or use an alternative biodegradable and safe product that we will discuss next.

The second type of roof cleaning products are hydrogen peroxide based and use the active ingredient Sodium Percarbonate, the biodegradable and safe alternative to Chlorine Bleach. Used by both homeowners and professional roof cleaners who want a safe alternative to Chlorine Bleach that is effective in cleaning black algae stains, moss, or fungus from roof shingles.

PROS: This type of roof cleaning product takes the worry out of over spray and will not harm the finish on aluminum gutters, stain painted surfaces, damage plants and grass, or create health hazards for your pets and children. It allows for a biodegradable and safe way of accomplishing the same result. You can approach the cleaning process in two different ways with this type of roof cleaning product. You can spray it on and then use a pressure washer on a low pressure setting (as much as a hard rain) for instant results, or you can spray it on and let the rain rinse away the stains naturally over approximately 90 days. This type of flexibility in the application and rinse process is another reason why homeowners and contractors choose to use this type of biodegradable roof cleaning product.

CONS: Slightly more expensive than Chlorine Bleach. Green products normally cost more than caustic chemicals. In severe cases when using the natural rinse method you may need to reapply after 90 days to achieve your desired result.

Now that you have the facts about the type of roof cleaning products available you can make an informed decision in regards to what is best for you, your family, pets, and home.

Electrical Installations – Understanding The Importance Of Proper Set Ups

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Electricity has made our lives fast, easy and comfortable. Almost everything around us needs some or the other type of electrical installation. According to researches, electrical fires are accountable for almost 300 deaths every year. Most of these fatal incidents are the result of defective electrical fittings. Improper wiring set up, circuit beakers and abnormal use of extension wires are the biggest contributors to these deadly events. So, it’s very important to hire the right professional who has experience in electrical jobs.

Residential fittings

Every residence requires electrical set ups. Whether you’re building a new house or reconstructing the old one, you need a professional electrician for wiring the entire building and connecting the cords to the power lines for receiving electricity. Common items that need electrical mechanisms are wall outlets, circuit breakers and regular appliances like lights, dishwashers, washing machines and dryers.

Car installations

Vehicles are full of multiple electrical elements that need proper fittings. Some common items in a car that need thorough electrical wiring are satellite navigational mechanism, fire alarms and sound systems. What’s more, you’ll find various types of cords below the dashboards, which are crucial for the functioning of the automobile.

Power line fittings

Power lines generally need a trained electrician to make sure that a specific area gets constant electrical supply from generating points. The voltage level in these power lines are quite high and supply electricity to loads of people. Nevertheless, some power lines have low voltage level and make sure that street and traffic lights function properly.

Commercial set ups

There’s a lot of similarity between residential and commercial installations. Nevertheless, there are a few differences between the two. Commercial set ups generally focus on bigger projects like educational institutions, corporations, businesses, factories and manufacturing plants. Commercial and business set ups need electricity that circulate throughout the building. At the time of installation, a professional electrician ensures that a particular building receives sufficient amount of electricity, without placing too much load on the circuit breaker.

So, no matter what the purpose is, choosing the right electrician is very important. A lot of people tend to do the electrical work on their own but that’s very risky. Even the slightest mistake on your part can put your life at stake. So, it’s better to hire a trained person who can execute the task to perfection. However, make sure that you’re hiring the right person. Remember, a wrong professional can spoil the entire set up of a building.

How Does Crane Siding Differ From CertainTeed Siding

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Do you want to know the differences between crane siding and certainteed siding? Let this article guide you in knowing the basic, most important differences between the two.

Crane and CertainTeed are two different siding manufacturing companies. Crane is based in Houston, Texas while CertainTeed originated from Pennsylvania, USA. Both companies offer vynal siding products but they differ on the kinds of products they offer. The most important differences in product offering include:

• Crane offers vinyl siding only while CertainTeed offers vinyl, polymer shakes and fiber cement. Vinyl siding are polymer based and they beautifully mimic the appearance and sometimes, the texture of natural wood.

• Crane offers ordinary siding while CertainTeed offers both ordinary and seamless sidings. As the words imply, the important difference between the seamed and seamless siding is in the appearance of folds (seen in the seamed type) along the connecting points or overlaps. The appearance of folds and overlaps are removed by lengthening the size of seamless siding, it is 40 feet in size while the ordinary is just 6 feet.

• Crane offers thermal and nose enhancements features in their siding, while CertainTeed manufactures insulating siding. The insulating crane siding is the newest variant of vinyl sidings, it helps maintain temperature inside the homes as well lessen the noise heard from the outside.

• Crane focuses on vinyl products and creating vinyl siding that has a texture similar to a natural cedar. CertainTeed extends its siding options by offering fiber cement or what is also understood as hardi board. The fiber cement has the texture and fiber of natural wood but is made more resistant against decay and pests by incorporating it with cement.

Top 5 Tips to Sell Your Home Fast

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Marketing is important in selling anything and real estate is no exception. Statistics show that 85% – 90% of buyers start their home search online. When your selling a home you want to make sure that you have a strong online presence.

Here are 5 tips to sell your home fast.

1. craigslist.org: Craigslist is the #1 site to post online classified ads. This site gets over 20 billion page views per month and there’s a section where you can post your home for sale. Even if you get 1% of the 20 billion people viewing your home, it’s a great way to get your listing viewed and eventually sold. However, you have to be persistent. There are many people posting their home for sale so you might get knocked down to the bottom of the page by the end of the day.

2. youtube.com: YouTube is the most powerful form of marketing. People are always more attracted to photos, videos, and audio rather than plain text marketing. If you have a flip camera or digital camera with video function take a video tour of your home and post it on YouTube. This is just like making a mini-commercial for marketing the sale of your home.

3. postlets.com: This is a website that you can use to post your property listing if you aren’t using a Realtor to sell your home. If you can’t get your home on the MLS (Multiple Listing Service), this would be the second best option to market your home on the internet the best part is that it’s FREE. One post to this site and your listing will get syndicated to multiple other websites so that you can get maximum exposure for your property online.

4. Signs (Yard sign, open house, etc): This is the most traditional method of marketing. The exposure to number of buyers will be far less than internet buyers but you can target a more specific group of people . Think of it this way, majority of the people that will see your signs are your neighbors. Your neighbors more than likely surround themselves with people of similar status, income, lifestyle, etc. and they may know someone who’s interested in moving into your neighborhood.

5. This might be a little technical, but if you know how to save the “image” of the video you can take that image, upload it into your craigslist posting, and post a link from that image back to your YouTube page. Craigslist doesn’t allow a full video to be posted so this is the next best thing. This will drive more traffic to your craigslist post because once again, people like photos and images much more than plain text and it will make your post much more popular.

None of this will matter if your not persistent. Market consistently and persistently and you’ll be selling your home in no time!

Professional Landscaping Design

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Do you dream of entertaining your friends in the beautiful garden of your home? Are you thinking about renovating your home? Instead of renovating the inside of your house again, why not improve the landscape of your property. Having beautiful flowers, a pool, and maybe a fountain can prove to be more than inviting for your guests, it can also serve as a relaxing lawn for you to escape your worries. Let professional landscape company bring your dreams to life.

There are many varieties to consider when choosing the perfect design of your landscape. A professional landscape design company offers a full range of landscape design consultation services with on site designs. The experts of the landscape designers along with your personal design ideas, professional landscape company can make your dreams come true within the given time with little complications.

Professional landscape design company takes time to understand the environment of your ideal area of installation to clarify your needs. They want to give you the best quality service. You’ll be along the designers each stage as you wish to oversee the development of your perfect landscape.

Trees, shrubs, and other plants are an essential part to your landscape designs. They provide a sense of privacy, arduous smell surrounding your home, and they are a sight to see. Unless you’re a botanist or horticulture expert, you may not know that the flowers you place in your yard attract more than your neighbor’s attention. Different plants can attract some beautiful animals into your garden. The experts also give you advice and train you on the knowledge of the plants blooming cycle. You can easily have a blooming garden all year round.

Professional landscape design company goes to great lengths in the selection of the client’s plants, fences, pavements, etc. Choosing the correct activities for your yard guarantees the proper shade, texture, color, and form of the landscape. Some other varieties to consider are decks, ponds, fence, patios, walks, drainage, and paving. There are specific details that can enhance your lifestyle. The details that the professional put into your project are what truly make them experts.

Quality service comes along a professional landscape company that focuses on your need and to try to measure up to your lifestyle. Renovating or improving your landscape can have a peaceful effect to you and your family. A lovely landscape not only serves as a great spot to entertain your guests, it can also increase the value of your property in the long run.

Why Would You Want to Become a Plumber?

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There are a number of different reasons to become a plumber. Some of these reasons include financial benefits, while others include job stability and security. Whatever the reason is for people to find a new job, plumbing has a reason for a person to be a plumber.

The plumbing industry is an up-and-coming business that requires training and strong personalities. The reason for this is that the plumbing corporation is constantly looking for new, talented, workers to fill the spaces of those who are retiring. With this constant need, people with proper training are always needed and will be granted a great job.

Another reason to be a plumber connects to the need of professionals. All professionals want to be paid for their skills. Plumbers are one of the highest paid construction companies. Job location changes pay rates, but these figures will not disappoint anyone looking for a new career. Along with the pay, people want job benefits. Plumbers receive great benefits, such as paid vacations and medical coverage. These stunning benefits are only a few reasons why people should consider becoming a plumber.

Along with getting paid and the job benefits, there are also a couple of other things to look at when deciding if plumbing is the right job. In these economic times, people are constantly losing their job or they are in a job that isn’t stable. By being a part of plumbing companies, workers never have to worry about if their employment is stable. Plumbers have one of the most stable jobs in the country. Even when some construction work is being cut down, plumbers are always needed to maintain or replace existing systems.

Along with never having to worry about having a job, there is always a chance for job advancement. It seems like people start off as an apprentice, and then the next minute they are climbing up the ladder to become a piping superintendent. The way plumbers move up the ladder in their business is incredible and it sends out plenty of positive messages to those thinking about becoming a plumber.

Plumbers also receive incredible training. All jobs require some training in order to ensure their company is hiring the very best. Plumbing companies cannot afford to hire anyone who doesn’t meet their top priorities. This job starts off with people going into apprenticeship programs in order to receive tip-top training. This training isn’t done without any compensation to the trainee – they do receive a living-wage while they are in the process of receiving the best training ever in order to be a plumber. For those interested in it, some people can earn college credit through certain programs and their experience. All of this is just a few good reasons why people are continually trying to be a plumber.

All of these reasons, along with the recognition and life-long friendships people gain through this career, plumbing is shown to be a great job for people who can take the weight. If people can handle the heat in the tight corridors and the constant change in schedules, and the tight schedules, then getting into this profession isn’t a bad idea. Being a plumber requires so much work, but it gives off a lot of positives for its workers and the receivers of the service at all times.

SEO Keyword Research Tips For Yoga Studio Businesses

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SEO can be broken down into 2 main categories – on-page and off-page, also called on-site and off-site SEO. This article focuses on on-page SEO for a yoga business such as a yoga studio to improve a yoga business marketing campaign.

What is on-page SEO?

It’s researching and properly placing key search terms in each page of your website. Key search terms are also called keywords.

It’s critical that your yoga studio website use the very keywords that your prospective students will use to search for the yoga services they want. If your website is found by people who aren’t interested in your site, then you don’t have the optimal search terms.

Keyword research is a refining process. It’s never perfect; it’s a constant work in progress. You measure success by results. Results are the number of visitors to your website and the percentage of visitors who contact your yoga studio.

What are good keywords for a yoga business?

A good starting point for keyword research for a yoga studio is thinking of the required keywords in 2 categories:

  • Your location: your town, the nearest large city, surrounding towns, your county, your state, and any other commonly referred to geographic names in your area.
  • The yoga styles you teach: yin yoga, hatha yoga, kundalini, Bikram, etc.
  • General benefits: yoga, meditation, wellness, health, fitness, yogi, yoga teacher training, etc.

Keep in mind that the term “keyword” refers to a single work and phrases.

Where to research the best keywords?

Google AdWords is a free keyword research resource. I use it all the time. It’s simple, fast, and free. Be sure under “match type” at the top of the right column (in a search results page) to select the “exact” option for more precise results. The results will show you how many searches are performed for many related keywords and keyword phrases.

You want to try a variety of searches; some with your geographic terms, and some without. Don’t be discouraged if phrases with geographic terms have very few monthly searches (i.e. 50); if it shows a number that’s great. Remember that specific geographic search phrases (i.e. “Bellingham Yin Yoga”) with your yoga style will likely rank very well. That means those 50 searches in the future will list your site.

Where to place keywords in your site?

Your keywords, including phrases, must be placed the meta titles, headings, and used in the written content of a web page. Every page in your website is an optimization opportunity. Do not solely optimize your home page. For any yoga studio, you should be able to create a list of 50 to 100 keywords / phrases.

Here’s the thing, each web page in your site should have no more than 2 to 3 keywords. 1 if your keyword phrase is 5 or more words. This means you must methodically plan out on which pages you will place which keyword phrases.

Now you can see why a blog is so valuable; you can create as many new posts as you want and each post can be optimized for a new keyword phrase. Take for example a 15 page website with a blog that has 50 posts. This site has a total of 65 web pages. If each page (a post is a page) has 2 keyword phrases, that site is optimized for 130 keyword phrases. Without the blog, the site could only be optimized for 30 keyword phrases.

That is an overview of on-page, aka on-site SEO for a yoga business. Remember, on-page SEO is only part of the SEO equation; off-page SEO is equally, if not more important than on-page SEO for building tons of quality traffic to your site and blog.

The Importance of Hiring Professional Window Cleaning Services

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Have you often marveled how those high-rise commercial buildings, condominiums and even luxury homes preserve their perfect appearance through the years? Well, the answer behind this is plain and simple. Most business establishments and even homeowners valued the need to hire people who can maintain the above mentioned properties. They hire reliable individuals who have the necessary skills to make the property looks appealing to the eyes. Entrepreneurs do this to get a good impression from other people who may want to do business with them.

In business, the appearance of the establishment plays a very important role to its success or failure because the appearance of a particular establishment dictates the decision-making of potential customers. There are customers who would prefer to do business with a neat looking commercial establishment than with outdated ones. Customers are one good factor why it is very important to hire the service of a professional window cleaner, to preserve the looks of the property from the inside and out and attract customers at the same time.

Apart from the above mentioned, let me share with you the other valuable reasons why hiring professional window cleaning services are important:

Hire professionals to avoid accident

Why do we need to hire professionals if we can easily clean our own windows? Well, that’s absolutely true. Anybody can wipe out dirt and remove unnecessary particles from windows but because we don’t have the necessary skills to do the job correctly like what a real professional has; ordinary people like us will be prone to accident which would cost us time and money, not to mention the suffering and pain we could get out of it.

Hire professionals to get the best possible result

Hiring professional cleaners can provide you the best possible result of having dirt free, spotless windows all-year round. Since these people are experts and because they are fully equipped with the specialized tools used for cleaning windows such as the water- fed pole and ladder, you can feel confident that everything will come out perfectly once they stepped out of your doorway.

Hire professionals to avoid liability

Lastly, it is advisable to hire professional cleaners to avoid responsibility. Always keep in mind that as a property owner, you will be held responsible for any damages and injuries that may happen to anyone inside your property. But when you hire professional cleaners, you can be sure that each of them is insured so you won’t be held accountable if something happens to them during the duration of their job.

Hiring professionals to clean your windows could be ideal somehow because they have the skills and the technology to do the job correctly. But make sure you choose the most competent window cleaning services so you won’t have any regret in the end.

Plumber Training – The Basic Need Of Perfect Plumbing

A plumber is a person who plans, implements, preserves, visits, and fixes any kind of plumbing system, repairs, instruments and assists in housing and commercial buildings or societies. Apart from a regular career like engineering, medicine, software, etc., plumbing has come up as a good option for those who have the required skills and interest.

Although most of us think that plumbing is normally called as one of the “Pipistrel” but now, in modern times, it is also recognized as a highly skilled and specialized job. One must have specialized skills and knowledge to be a perfectionist in this field. To become a skilled plumber it is very essential for a person to undergo wide training program and obtain a recognized degree of a plumber training school. If one chooses to be a plumber, the person needs a training program to become a professional or perfect plumber. Such plumber training programs are offered by various institutions, organizations and companies.

Getting admission in some of these organizations becomes a herculean task for a few people, as the candidates have to undergo a test and interview. The candidate has to first pass a common test which verifies his ability to work on easy mathematical problems. Such common tests are conducted to test the measurement and calculation skills of the person as these are regarded as the keystones of plumbing.

The plumber training program is basically of three years which consist of 144 hours of course schedule. In some countries the duration of this plumber training program is for four to five years. Some organizations offer short duration courses of 2-5 days. This plumber training program is based on the primary education of plumbing, basic principles and skills which are used for home buildings work. This plumber training course includes training on the topics like basic principles of plumbing, efficient use of equipments and instruments, safety measures workplaces, and some other similar topics. Such plumber training courses include theoretical as well as practical training which is very essential. The students get their degree of plumbing on the basis of written exams, demonstrations of their skills, observation of their teachers and their appraisals.

Today there is huge shortage of plumbers in our society which has immensely increased the interest of people to join plumber training schools. According to the “Times of India” this shortage had immense effect on the economy of our society as the wages of the plumbers have also increased inevitable. Roughly if we calculate there are 20,000 plumbers needed in India at wages of 300/- Rs per day.

In short, we can conclude by saying that plumber training courses help the interested people to gain the necessary skills and knowledge regarding plumbing. One may also set up his own firm after completion of this plumbing training program.



Source by James Copper

Lowes Garage Door Installation Cost Will Save You Money

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Lowes Home Improvement stores are well known for their low prices and quality products. If you own a home you probably have used Lowes to find the products you need to improve, maintain or repair it.

Searching for and finding the right garage doors for your home can be a nightmare even if you use the Internet to conduct your research. The best garage doors available are frequently the most expensive however you should not use garage doors pricing alone to make your selection.

Your selection process should carefully consider installation costs, construction materials, removal of any existing door, type of garage door opener and warranty. Lowes garage doors installation costs are considered one of the best buys on the market today. Lowes installers are considered and called partners and they must meet Lowes strict standards. Every installation is rated by the purchaser to assure that customers are receiving the quality services they are paying for.

Lowes garage doors installation costs range from as low as $199 to $599 depending on the size of the door and where the door is being installed. Obviously installing an oversize garage door will require more skill and time. If you need to install a garage door opener as part of your installation you can expect additional cost. Over all the, Lowes garage door installation cost is slightly lower than the average installation costs.

As an alternative to purchasing your garage door from Lowes you should consider comparing prices and services with Home Depot. Both Home Depot and Lowes sell quality garage doors. Just as with Lowes Home Depot provides garage door installation services that are comparable. In addition you have the option of installing a garage door yourself. Both home improvement stores will assist you in your efforts. The downside of self installation is the time it takes to complete the installation and the cost of disposing the old door which normally part of any professional installation cost. Self installation will also require you to have the assistance of at least one helper.

We feel that the Lowes garage door installation cost is very reasonable and provides the home owner the peace of mind knowing that the installation was done correctly. Occasionally installation cost can be included in the purchase price of your garage door. Be sure to check with you Lowes sales representative on the latest sales offers.

SEO vs SEM – What’s The Difference? Which Is Better?

SEO

Many people confuse these two terms and use them interchangeably but there is a difference between SEO and SEM. Search engine optimization (SEO) is a component of search engine marketing (SEM). It is the act of optimizing a website for organic or natural search engine listings. Search engine optimization is one of the most cost-effective functions of a search engine marketing campaign, but it is only one element of SEM.

Search engine marketing (SEM) is the act of marketing a website via search engines, whether by improving rank in organic or natural listings, paid or sponsored listings or a combination of both.

A comprehensive search engine marketing campaign includes the following functions:

  • Search engine optimization
  • Search engine and directory submission management
  • Paid inclusion and trusted feed programs
  • Pay-for-placement management (includes pay-per-click)
  • Link popularity / reputation development
  • ROI and performance monitoring and reporting

Now that you know the difference, here are some of the strengths and weaknesses of SEO and SEM.

SEO – PROS

  • Organic listings are a trusted source of information, believed to be unbiased and indexed solely by the automated methods of an objective third-party
  • Natural search traffic provides a steady stream of traffic over time
  • Costs are frontloaded; once pages are optimized for organic search, low ongoing maintenance fees make it cost-efficient for marketers on a limited budget

SEO – CONS

  • Organic results can be unfocused in their content and occasionally misconstrued through automation
  • There’s little control over which terms your pages will be linked with or how well they get ranked
  • Relatively low control over your listing copy – automated technology decides what’s displayed
  • Organic listings have to be optimized well in advance of the intended pay-off and require great insight to production efforts down the road
  • Engine requirements can be at odds with site design and architecture; it is often difficult to present information that is both accessible to search spiders and carefully designed to influence consumer behavior

For these reasons, it becomes important to actively monitor organic listings and brand rankings within. There is no substitute for a proper SEO program and the natural traffic it provides.

SEM – PROS

  • Paid traffic comes with a measure of predictability, allowing marketers to forecast both volume and cost-efficiency for relevant metrics
  • The free-market bidding system offers full access to a target audience and the opportunity to scale campaigns and pursue them aggressively, creating synergies with sales promotions
  • Paid traffic can provide a boost to site volume when most needed
  • Creative is completely customizable, to further the user’s search intent and strategically position a brand within that search engine dialogue
  • Paid listings are manually generated, and constructed with more awareness to the environment and a consumer’s true intent
  • Sponsored ads are known to drive more sales than ordinary search links, converting at higher rates

SEM – CONS

  • Paid listings can get very expensive across competitive keywords, where market forces can quickly inflate cost-per-clicks (CPC)
  • A certain portion of the customer base is wary of paid listings.

In conclusion, search engine optimization is simply a component of search engine marketing. They are both important for managing and improving your website. We hope this has cleared up any SEO and SEM confusion.

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Lightweight Concrete Fences – Great for DIY

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“I have a vision that eventually this product [precast concrete fences] could be for do-it-yourselfers if it was manufactured in lightweight concrete,” states the CEO of a leading precast fence producer. This vision is now a reality with the introduction of lightweight concrete fence panels.

Cellular lightweight concrete (CLC) is produced by taking a mixture of cement, sand and water and combining it with a foam made through the action of compressed air and a chemical foaming agent. The foam leaves a multitude of tiny non-interconnected air pockets within the concrete mix. One can control the density of the final cast concrete shape by controlling the amount of foam introduced in the mix.

Fence panels made by this technique typically have half the density of regular precast panels available on the market. Some panel styles weigh as little as 39 lb.For maximum strength, the posts used in conjunction with the panels are made from regular high strength concrete. These concrete fence systems are designed to meet wind speed ratings of 110 mph or more.

The lightweight panels make it possible for two people to install a 6′ tall concrete fence without the need for heavy equipment. Installation in confined or sensitive landscaped spaces is easy to accomplish. The lighter panels mean more product can be hauled on trucks resulting in less freight cost, less energy cost and less pollution. The sound absorbing qualities of CLC (versus sound reflecting qualities for regular concrete) result in quieter enclosed spaces.

Other applications for lightweight concrete fences and fence panels include siding, planters and enclosures. CLC represents a great opportunity for the do-it-yourself crowd to easily build long lasting concrete structures.

How to Become an Expert & Professional Electrician

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Starting a career as an electrician can bring a lot of freedom and job satisfaction. Considered an essential trade, this job will ensure work in a number of different sectors, as electricians are required for a number of domestic and commercial services, ranging from installations and maintenance right through to highway systems electricians.

This job can also provide great opportunities, especially for the self-employed electricians who can set their own working hours and working conditions to a certain extent. For those who want to work for companies, there are plenty of opportunities available for staff electricians, therefore this is a role that is ideal for those who are looking for job security and a choice of how and where they work.

Becoming a qualified electrician is not as difficult as one might imagine. For those looking for information how to become a qualified electrician, there are plenty of details on the topic available from national careers websites, tailored to individuals according to their location around the world. With that said, here are a few useful tips on how to become a qualified electrician.

First of all, it is worth bearing in mind that there are certain skills that you may benefit from if you decide to become an electrician. These include being a good practical worker, the ability and attention to be able to follow very technical plans, as well as ability to understand the needs of clients and being able to problem solve efficiently.

However, these are skills are some that one can gain through training and experience, so if you feel lacking in any of these areas, it is important to know that it is not the end of the world and it should not let put you off pursuing a career in this particular area.

Generally, as an electrician you need to complete a number of nationally recognised qualifications. This will ensure that you have all the skills necessary to carry out your job and also abide by national regulations and health and safety legislation. This is indeed the first step to becoming a qualified electrician if this is your career goal.

Depending on where you are in the world, there are different training courses available which will cover content that is relevant to your particular country and even your local area. In the UK for sample – a country which is a highly regulated one in regards to health and safety – there are several nationally recognised qualifications that you can take in order to become qualified.

The best way to find the right qualification for you is to get in touch with a good professional training company that deals with training electricians. They will be able to advise you in relation to your unique circumstances and ambitions, as well as advise you on training if you are either a recent school leaver or someone who is currently employed and looking to change careers.

Although there are a set number of nationally recognised qualifications that should be taken before becoming an electrician, many of the companies that deliver this kind of training offer flexible courses ranging from full-time intense courses to more extensive and longer-term study solutions.

In the UK, you will need to have one of the following qualifications: Level 3 (NVQ) Diploma in Electro technical Services (Electrical Maintenance), Level 3 (NVQ) Diploma in Installing Electrotechnical Systems and Equipment (Buildings, Structures and the Environment), or a Level 3 Diploma in Electrical Installations (Buildings and Structures).

The important thing is essentially to get a qualification that is recognised and then start work. For some individuals it is possible to get this training through an apprenticeship, although access to these is often restricted to certain age groups and certain locations in the country. These apprenticeships will cover courses such as Level 1 Diploma in Electrical Installation.

If you cannot find an apprenticeship or do not qualify for one, there is no need to be concerned. Getting in touch with a reputable training provider for electricians will give you the opportunity to find out how you can become a qualified electrician, with the training company being able to guide you to reach your goals.

Don’t Wait for Home Inspection to Discover Your Property Needs Pest Management

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When a new home hits the market during the spring, it is imperative that homeowners do their due diligence to check for potential pests. Adding a fresh coat of paint, fixing broken appliances, and landscaping the yard are all crucial to making a home attractive to potential buyers, but pest infestations can be an absolute deal breaker. Before a homeowner places a home on the market, they can ensure the best possible outcome by performing these minor pest management tasks.

Seal Structure

During winter months, many types of critters try to escape the cold by creeping into warm spaces. It is important to seal the perimeter of the home before temperatures drop too low. Fill in any cracks or gaps in windows and doors. Make sure to pay close attention to any pipes that lead outside, such as the exhaust pipe for the clothes dryer. Even the tiniest gap can be big enough for a rodent to squeeze through. Check the attic for openings. Pay close attention to the roof and attic vents. Gables and louvers that cover these vents typically cost less than $30. Replace any bent, damaged, or opened vents. Performing this quick fix before you bring in the pest management company can save money by preventing pests from entering the space after the treatment process.

Clean Gutters and Eaves

Cleaning the eaves and gutters not only adds to the appearance of the house but it also removes a place for insects and pests to nest. This cleaning should take place regularly over the winter months. Regularly clearing the gutters and eaves will also prevent water from accumulating near the structure. Standing water can allow larvae and mosquitoes to grow, which can be a significant pest problem as warmer weather arrives.

Vacuum Entryways, Windows, and Screens

Pests can hide in cracks and areas close to doors and windows while they wait for the chance to sneak into the home. Using a vacuum cleaner attachment along these regions every few weeks during winter can prevent these unwelcome guests from becoming a bigger problem once spring arrives. Pest management technicians often pay close attention to the exterior of these areas, especially during winter months. Do your part indoors just in case some try to sneak in unnoticed.

Whether preparing to sell a home or just spring cleaning, these simple tasks will make any home ready for the beauty and excitement of warmer weather.

Become an Electrician: It’s Recession Proof

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The US has been in a recession for years. Even though economists note that the official markers of a recession are over, we still haven’t seen any significant job growth as unemployment hovers around 9%. Although there is a significant unemployed workforce, there is still a high demand for qualified technicians that still goes unsatisfied. The electrician field is perhaps one of the most recession-proof technician jobs there are, and one can set his/her own schedule while fulfilling a much needed function.

Electricians Needed in Residential Settings

Electricians are needed for many reasons around the house. There are any number of electrical problems that can occur such as faulty wiring. 18.6% of house fires start from wires, outlet boxes, and the like, according to the Fire Safety Administration. Electricians are also needed to check houses that are put up for sale to make sure they are up to code. Keeping houses up to code are perhaps the most needed function for electricians in this country, and it is a well-paid and simple function to carry out, as well as being a much-needed function that keeps people safe when they make some of the largest purchases they will ever make in their lives.

Electricians Needed in Commercial Settings

Especially if you live in an urban setting, electricians are needed in large numbers to maintain large office complexes. Metropolitan areas have huge skyscrapers with hundreds of offices inside that are constantly in need of electrical upkeep. Electricians are also needed to approve new office builds. Offices are full of electronics these days, and so new builds require extensive wiring to accommodate today’s high-tech needs. Like in the residential areas, electricians are also needed to help appraise office areas and make sure they are up to code.

Offices aren’t the only area of commercial real-estate that is in need of the high-paid services of an electrician. Schools need help with wiring maintenance. Supermarkets need help from electricians to keep their coolers working at the high performance necessary to keep their produce fresh. Electricians are also needed to set up video displays in commercial settings (also known as digital signage) where information is displayed on LCD displays on campuses and office complexes.

Electricians Needed in Industrial Settings

Factory lines are perhaps the most demanding places in terms of electricity usage and safety issues. Electricians are needed to make sure that large industrial buildings are up to code and that the conditions are safe. Any problems can end in a fire and loss of employee lives, so the electrician holds a lot of responsibility, but is also paid well because of this. Factories employ electricians full time so that they always have someone on-site to handle any outages. Outages can result in hours of down-time which can cost a factory thousands of dollars in opportunity cost.

There is a diverse array of possibilities for electricians, and this area of our workforce shows no signs of disappearing or shrinking. If anything, we will continue to need the services of electricians more and more in the years to come. The strange irony about this recession is that there are a lot of people out of jobs, but there are so many opportunities for people that are simply trained in the right skills, and the electrician field is definitely one of those.

Granite – Properties and Usage

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Granite is a common and widely occurring type of intrusive, felsic, igneous rock. Granite has a medium to coarse texture, occasionally with some individual crystals larger than the groundmass forming a rock known as porphyry. Granites can be pink to dark gray or even black, depending on their chemistry and mineralogy. Outcrops of granite tend to form tors, and rounded massifs. Granites sometimes occur in circular depressions surrounded by a range of hills, formed by the metamorphic aureole or hornfels.

Granite is an igneous rock and is formed from magma. Granitic magma has many potential origins but it must intrude other rocks. Most granite intrusions are emplaced at depth within the crust, usually greater than 1.5 kilometers and up to 50 km depth within thick continental crust. The origin of granite is contentious and has led to varied schemes of classification. Classification schemes are regional; there is a French scheme, a British scheme and an American scheme. This confusion arises because the classification schemes define granite by different means. Generally, the ‘alphabet-soup’ classification is used because it classifies based on genesis or origin of the magma.

Ancient Uses of Granites

Granite is nearly always massive (lacking internal structures), hard and tough, and therefore it has gained widespread use as a construction stone. The Red Pyramid of Egypt, named for the light crimson hue of its exposed granite surfaces, is the third largest of Egyptian pyramids. Menkaure’s Pyramid, was constructed of limestone and granite blocks. The Great Pyramid of Giza contains a huge granite sarcophagus fashioned of “Red Aswan Granite.” The mostly ruined Black Pyramid dating from the reign of Amenemhat III once had a polished granite pyramidion or capstone, now on display in the main hall of the Egyptian Museum in Cairo.

Many large Hindu temples in southern India were made of granite. There is a large amount of granite in these structures. They are comparable to the Great Pyramid of Giza

Granites Use in Current age

Granite has been extensively used as a dimension stone and as flooring tiles in public and commercial buildings and monuments. With increasing amounts of acid rain in parts of the world, granite has begun to supplant marble as a monument material, since it is much more durable. Polished granite is also a popular choice for kitchen countertops due to its high durability and aesthetic qualities.

Engineers have traditionally used polished granite surfaces to establish a plane of reference, since they are relatively impervious and inflexible. Sandblasted concrete with a heavy aggregate content has an appearance similar to rough granite, and is often used as a substitute when use of real granite is impractical. Because of the particular rarity of the granite, the best stones can cost as much as US$1,500.

Pacific Bedrock Ltd. specializes in manufacturing and supply of highly finished commercial and residential stone products.

7 Good Reasons To Hire a Lawn Care Pro to Mow Your Yard

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Lawn mowing is not easy. The blistering sun, biting insects, clouds of dirt and dust and lawn mower fumes can make you want to run inside and hide. Yes, mowing and trimming a yard is a big pain for a variety of reasons, all of them legitimate; but there really is a better way.

You can make the pain go completely away by hiring a lawn care pro, and all for a surprisingly reasonable price. If you have never considered hiring a professional company to mow your grass, you might want to reconsider. Here are seven good reasons to think about it:

  1. It’s not as expensive as you might think. Mowing companies and landscapers in general are very competitive on price. A reputable company will offer a fair bid and work hard to keep your lawn care costs low. Shop around and look for a company that will beat competitor’s prices with the same high level of service.
  2. Consistent and reliable day of service. Barring inclement weather, your service pros will generally arrive on a specific day to mow the grass. For example, lawn mowing in southwest Florida is usually once a week in summer months and every two weeks in cooler months.
  3. Your yard always looks neat and trim. With regularly scheduled mowing, you never wonder how your lawn looks to others. You know it looks good.
  4. Expertise to save you money. A professional lawn care company provides experienced knowledge of plants and vegetation including drought conditions, over-watering, weeds, insect infestations and more. They can deliver landscaping products such as sod, trees, palms, flowers, shrubs, mulch, herbicides and fertilizer, and pass the savings on to you.
  5. Professional lawn mowing is so quick! A team of professionals can service yards swiftly and efficiently. They make quick work of overgrown grass and foliage. Mowing, trimming and leaf blowing are neat and tidy before you know it.
  6. No lawn mower start-up or repair. The best mowing companies have all the right equipment to do the job right. You can put your mower away and never have to touch it again.
  7. The best reason of all: You deserve it. When you consider the modest cost, as well as the quality of service you can expect, hiring a lawn service makes good sense. No sweat, no strain, no pain. Leave the heavy work to the professionals, and you go relax inside with a cold drink.

Benefits of Commercial Plumbing Services

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Commercial plumbing services offered by plumbers are vital to business and industry. A licensed commercial plumber understands that plumbing emergencies can negatively impact a business. Professional plumbers will go to a commercial building quickly and identify and resolve the problem promptly and professionally. Commercial plumbers have the knowledge, tools, equipment, and the expertise to address a commercial plumbing problem and provide the best service for enterprise to resolve the problem in a timely and professional manner.

When a business takes advantage of commercial plumbing services, they will benefit from the following expert plumbing services:

Plumbing Installation Services

Commercial plumbers install all types of plumbing fixtures and parts, including entire plumbing systems. They install such fixtures as sinks, faucets, toilets, sinks, shower heads, hand-free faucets, sir dryers, commercial garbage disposals, low flow toilets, water meters, showers, etc. They also can install water heaters, water filters, automatic shut-off valves, handicap fixtures, and servicing plumbing for rooms such as the bathroom, laundry room, and kitchen. They can install complicated pipe networks for small and large business.

Plumbing Pipe Upgrades

Many commercial buildings can have old pipes that are not up to code and make the water taste bad. For healthier water with an improved taste, a plumber can remove and install better plumbing pipes. They can even install and service water pipes that are in difficult to reach areas as many business buildings can have a small crawl space under the building. A plumber knows how to reach these pipes and perform repairs. In addition, a plumber will service gas lines such as detecting a gas leak which can be very dangerous.

Drain and Sewer Line Services

Commercial plumbers can effectively service drains and sewer lines. They can remove clogs, clean drain lines using sophisticated technology, video inspect lines, and remove stubborn material from the lines such as grease, soap, and mineral deposits. Commercial plumbers also service sewer systems where they fix damaged lines, clean sewer lines, clear obstructions, pump septic tanks, and more. They have the expertise to identify problems and repair them in an efficient and timely manner. Commercial plumbers provide extensive sewer system and drain line services to help keep the system operating properly.

Water Heater Services

Commercial plumbers service commercial water heaters. They can perform such services as eliminating hard water, cleaning out hard deposits from the tank and water lines, servicing the heating elements, making sure the temperature is correct, check CO levels, leak detection, replacing corroded parts, check and repair or replace such valves as the emergency shut-off valve, and check the water pressure. A commercial plumber has the expertise to make sure the water heater is working properly. The commercial plumbing system is both complicated, extensive, and fragile which is why it must be handled by a professional. Licensed plumbers offering commercial plumbing services have the expertise and tools to make sure a commercial building is meeting all government codes. Because the plumbing system is essential to a business or industry, it is essential to hire a licensed commercial plumber.

The Mission Of Plumbers

When the majority of individuals think about plumbers, they envision a person coming to an apartment or to a house in order to repair a leaky tap or to unclog a drain. Even though these tasks are among the job duties of most plumbers, the mission of plumbers has been evolving and is no longer limited to the unplugging of clogged bathtubs or toilets. Effectively, plumbing professionals can be found in a variety of work settings such as in construction settings or in public settings. Because of the nature of their job, plumbers play a critical role in the design and in the repair of the foundation of various structures as well as public work systems. In this article, we shall provide a complete description of the mission of plumbers. In addition to that, we will discuss about the role of plumbers in both residential homes & commercial buildings, about the work settings in which they operate, about the training by which they go through, and about the wage as well as the career perspective.

Plumbers are usually requested in residential homes so that they may set up plumbing fittings and fix or change existing fixtures. This usually encompasses plumbing connected to the arrival of water into the apartment or into the house, the drainage of waste from the apartment or from the house, and the provision of gas lines to power home appliances including hot water heaters. Plumbers also set up, fix, and support the plumbing installations in toilet systems, kitchen fixtures, and shower & bath systems. Kitchen fixtures generally encompass water heaters, taps, septic tanks, and also dishwashers. Plumbers who work in residential areas also know how to lay new pipes in homes that are still under construction. They may ultimately be involved in welding, cutting pipes, and sawing wood.

Plumbers can also be asked to perform work in commercial buildings. The nature of the plumbing that plumbers perform in commercial buildings is very much identical to the one that they usually perform in residential areas. Nevertheless, the scale of these job duties is considerably greater since they operate in structures that may necessitate a large number of plumbing fixtures in order to be set up in comparison to a smaller number in a residential home. Plumbers also need to set up pipes for sprinkler systems, drinking fountains, fountains, fire suppression, commercial kitchens, and also irrigation systems.

The work setting of plumbers usually necessitates more extensive hours than the typical forty-hour work week. Sometimes, there are plumbing emergencies that require these professionals to perform their work responsibilities during evenings and also during weekends. These professionals usually have to work in undesirable conditions. Effectively, plumbers often have to deal with sewer lines, work in new construction sites that have not been equipped with air conditioning or heating systems yet, and handle clogged drains. As one may see, the profession of plumbers can be a very physical and demanding one that requires a large number of hours while standing up. It may also require plumbing professionals to lift heavy pipes as well as other tools that are necessary for a given job.

Vocational schools usually give aspiring plumbers the possibility to receive training on plumbing. There are many plumbing professionals who are taught their role while on an apprenticeship under the supervision of an experienced plumber. It usually takes at least 4 years before the individual can begin to work on their own. Apprenticeships are typically administered by a plumbing association or by a union. They require a certain number of classroom hours in addition to the on-the-job training.

From the point of view of the income and of the career outlook, many jobs are expected to be created in this industry and annual salaries are roughly sixty thousand dollars per year.



Source by Gordon

SEO Tactics That Need to Be Considered in 2017

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The year is close to the end and SEO consultants are already debating over the strategies and tactics that needs to be followed in the coming year 2017. Several has already researched and published several things and here are we. We have researched and compared several activities to identify which will work and where we did general silly mistakes.

After a clear indication and detailed research, we have identified few tactics that will definitely work in the coming year. Several had already in the marathon & performing much better and few are new (actually not new, but generally misguided prior).

According to the research, traditional approach of “off-page activities” and “on-page activities” will definitely work with few ideological changes. Lets discuss in detail:

On-site SEO Tactics (On-page activities)

To get ready to face hurdles in 2017, SEO Specialists should work first on On-site SEO Tactics. On-site SEO means the work done on the own website instead of other’s. From site structure to website speed, it incorporates several factors, such as-

  • UI and Navigation – Great UI always leads to the conversions, user interaction and better impressions. While clear navigation helps to improve visit duration of an individual user. Included in it, they are an essential elements to get rank and get authorized by several active users and webmasters. Use easy navigational formats, proper context placement, elegant web design, etc. to provide better user experience.
  • Site Architecture – A proper architectural design will definitely lead to the ranking and also impact on user experience. While at the different side, it will help to recognize user behavior as well. Site Architecture promises to the proper alignment, proper placement of context and a clearer look. Follow standards of web design, include high level graphics, relevant videos, error-free content, and things to improve user click behavior.
  • Site Interlinking – Interlinking plays a vital role in site ranking. As it leads a user to different pages on the same website and shares the link juice to others, it helps to improve page rank as well as the keyword impressions on Google. Use proper linking structure and anchor on relevant keyword to relevant web page to get noticed by Google crawlers.
  • Site Speed and Crawl ability – Faster loading enhances user experience and help a website to hold users for more duration. To make your website faster on browsers just minify your CSS and JS file and enable the compression of your resources. Even you should work on caching functionality, which amazingly improves crawl speed.
  • Mobile Responsiveness – It is the most essential element to rank well on mobile devices and get higher rate of user interaction. Google has already announced the necessity of responsiveness in its previous update – Mobilegeddon. So, adopt responsive layouts to rank well on search engine’s SERP for both desktop searches and mobile searches.
  • Schema Markup – To identify things accurately, we need few markups that define what it is, why it’s used, who own it, etc. Similarly, search engines also needed few markups to identify site’s elements. That’s why Google itself created Schema Markups that defines the author, title, logo, and several other elements in a website. It helps to index accurately and return back for the accurate search queries.
  • Local Identity Markup – As per Google’s Pigeon update, it’s essential to include Local NAP (Name, Address, Phone no) to get ranked high for local results. This markup results much better for the geocentric searches. So, include your local identity and get ranked better in 2017.
  • Include Authorize trust signals – Authorized websites will get some betterment in the SERP, as they reveal their trust signals. Their trust signals can be their partner’s logo, their SSL certificate, their trademark, etc. So, include trust signals to get user’s trust, this is essential in the near future.

Off-site SEO Tactics (Off-page activities)

On a parallel side, expert digital marketers needed to work on Off-site SEO tactics to create a better presence on search engines. By making authentic, relevant and themed links, we can face the hurdles and overcome from the obstacles in the coming year. Let’s discuss the major off-page activities that will lead in 2017:

  • Authentic Link Building – Authenticity comes first when we talk about user trust. Even for the search engine crawlers, authentic link building makes a website trustworthy and helps to improve impressions on a search engine. So, try to get better outbound links from.edu or.org websites or from highly ranked (high DA, PA and PR websites).
  • Content Marketing – Content appears as one of the most important factor in SEO and used as a lead tactic in off-page optimization. From traditional activities to the modern assignments, content used everywhere. But not ordinary, having creative, unique and effective content is essential for better impressions on search engines and it affects the user behavior as well. So, use relevant, grammar-free, unique, expressive and out of the box content for your SEO campaigns in 2017.
  • Authorize Guest Networking – The term networking will impact negatively for the crawlers and because of that, Google somehow didn’t recognize Guest networking for ranking. But if it used in a positive aspect, guest blog networking will impact much better. As they are highly relevant, most authentic and user centric, so, they directly lead more users to a website.
  • Keyword Optimization – Every strategy begins with the selection of relevant keywords, who takes the lead and makes a website visible in SERP for different search queries. Proper placement of keywords in a content (i.e. Keyword Density) and the proximity are essential to get benefited through selected keywords. So, use highly relevant keywords, keep focus on density and proximity, use them in headings and title, etc.
  • Local Listing for all – As per Google’s Pegion Update, local results will completely influence by local listings, NAP and local keywords. By doing local directory submissions, local citation, classifieds on local portals and promotions using local keywords will improve the rank for local searches. So, try to involve GEO specific keywords and local listings in your strategy for 2017 SEO.
  • Active Blogging – Be active to make your promotions worthy. As content marketing is an essential tactic of promotions, blogging is another way of content marketing. On your own blog, company’s blog or on other’s relevant blogs, continual blogging will improve your impressions. So, actively write informative, effective and relevant content for blogging purpose.
  • Themed Linking – In 2017, try to focus on thematic linking, as it shows more relevant and attract targeted audience. Themed linking simply means to the conceptual back linking or getting backlinks from similar concept websites. So, try to search relevant and similar theme sites through competitor analysis, backlink check or searching Google for similar content and place your backlink there.
  • Link Reclamation – Another technique that will give assurance for the better results. Reclamation simply means to recreate broken links by making them revive. For that you can search broken links on highly authorized websites such as Wikipedia, and target relevant thematic content towards your own website. So rebuild your authenticity by using link reclamation in 2017.
  • Client Testimonials/Reviews – Recommendation always improves user trust as well as the Google’s. By asking client testimonials and reviews (obviously positive) on different portals, such as Google business page, Facebook Page, Glassdoor and others, will enhance the ranks and impressions. So, ask positive reviews and testimonials from clients to rank well in 2017.
  • Improve Visual Content Engagement – Text only content can’t make you enhance your user stay on the website. As it somehow makes them bore and ruin their experience. Even no-one has time to read huge content. So, try to involve expressive and engaging visual content such as graphics, images, videos, animations, etc. to improve user engagement and to reduce bounce rate.

Social Networking Tactics (Social Signals)

Previously, these are known as a part of “Off-Page Tactics”, but now they have an individual preference and an impact on ranking and impressions on search engines. As a recommended tactic, these signals also consider to make conversions and direct connection. So, that’s require to keep your faith and focus over social signals and work on its elements, such as-

  • Social Activeness – Be active on social networks to create a recognized identity. A post on a daily basis can help you to transform your business page into a brand and aware relevant audience about your services, products and features.
  • Improve circle/Friend list of relevant fields – Be clear about the audience before selecting one as a friend on your business account. As it is solely for promotions and conversions and somehow work as a showcase, but only for the relevant one. So improve your friend list with most relevant users, which can help you to generate more pennies in less promotion.
  • Enhance Network – Along with the enhancement in friends, that’s also essential to be a part of different, but relevant communities and groups. It will help you to enhance your reach in the same industry and improve the chance of conversions.
  • Active Blogging on Social Networks – As an emerging platform, social networks are the perfect place to do blogging. As they guarantee about the self promotion and highest reach on a single post, they also assured you about more user interaction. Even the content placed on social platforms such as – Facebook, LinkedIn, Reddit, Stumbleupon, etc. will get high authority and index sooner.
  • Ask for Social Reviews – Social networks worth a lot to make your business a brand. So, be active on it to be always identified, authorized and recognized by several. Even, never leave a single day without interacting, sharing your thought and asking your circle for the reviews. As these are much appreciated way to get ranked on search engines.

Analytics and rapid check (crosscheck activities)

Google used to change its search algorithms on a regular basis (several times in a single year), which caused for the failure of several tactics and also amazingly improve few ones. In those changes some are seriously the giants such as previous – Panda, Penguin, Hummingbird, Mobilegeddon, Pigeon and RankBrain.

So, it’s an essential thing to cross check the work by keeping eyes on a few things, such as-

  • Google Tool Analysis – As an SEO consultant, we are used to with these tools and connected with them regularly. Even these are essential to calculate traffic and to analyze site errors. Moreover, that tools like Google Analytics and webmasters can be utilized to improve the site’s crawl ability, sitemap indexing, user behavior, manual penalties, and much more.
  • In-Page Analysis – To identify user’s behavior on a single page, we generally use In-Page Google Analytics tools. This clears out the user flow, means on which direction user reads the content and interacts with which context more. With a clear percentage, we can analyze the context worth and according to that we can modify our context.
  • Performance Measurement – To identify the worth of work, we need to do performance measurement on a regular basis. It includes backlink checking, broken link checking, 404 checking, link error checking, authority checking, etc. By the rapid checkup, we can make ourselves assure about the results and it will help us to prepare further strategies.

Few last words

We have stated about SEO in 2016 at the end of last year along with relevant infographic and as now, this year is near to end. As like previous year, we had done a few researches and analysis this year as well to identify what will work better in the coming year 2017. We squeeze our research and come with the details here. We had four major sections that need focus in 2017 and SEO specialists needs to keep their eyes on “on-site tactics”, “off-site tactics”, “social signals” and “analytics”.

How to Start a Profitable Home Improvement Referral Service

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Home improvement referral services are cropping up from New York to California. They are taking the time to do the legwork to find reputable and reliable contractors and these businesses are reaping profits from good work.

It really doesn’t take much to start. A home improvement referral service business takes only a little money and not more time than a regular 40 hour a week job. They can actually start making money within the first year of business.

The first thing to consider is what types of home improvement businesses your will refer. This can include gutter cleaning and replacement, remodeling, building additions, fencing, lawn maintenance, and many others. Remember, all though you may like to paint a client may not like it or have the time. Therefore, no business should be overlooked.

Once you have an idea of the types of contractors for your referral service business, you will need to call the local, county, and state government offices. Get the regulations and requirements regarding licensing, bonding, business registry, and insurance for each type of contractor. This is the first step to building your list. Any contractor that does not meet government regulations should not be on your referral list.

By knowing these requirements and using them, your home improvement referral business will gain credibility with your clients. They will know that if the contractor doesn’t meet these requirements, they will not be on your list. It makes the client feel more sure the job will be completed professionally and correctly.

Another way to ensure creditability of your referral service business is to only look at contractors that are recommended by their past happy customers. But this is not the end of the screening process. Recommendations are not enough.

Once a contractor is recommended to your home improvement referral business, you need to check out his or her service. Talk to them, explaining your referral service business. Many contractors will give you the needed information happily. Ask to see their licenses, bonding information, and insurance to ensure they are current and up to date. Ask for a list of services they provide and the cost for these services. Finally ask for references you may speak to.

Now you have gotten your contractor referral list started. While working on creating this list, you should have started thinking about a name for your referral service business, advertising, office area, office equipment, and ordered a phone line for the business. You may want to use a computer right away, but an index card or file system could work just as well and for a fraction of the cost, until your company grows. Keep in mind that as your company grows, the office space, office equipment, and referral list system will probably need to become computerized to save time and money.

Since your referral business is going to begin locally, check with local newspapers and periodicals to see if they would be interested in doing an article about your business. Make some flyers and ask local hardware stores if you could leave some there to advertise your service. You may also want to send letters to realtors announcing your business, they can be great advertisers for you.

Make your services free to the people calling into your business looking for referrals. Many home improvement referral businesses charge the contractor anywhere from 6% to 15% depending on the size of the project. You put the customers in touch with the contractor, and upon completion of the project, the contractor pays you a fee.

Advertise that no contractors pay you to get onto your referral list. If clients or contractors ask how they get on the list, explain to them the only way for a contractor to get on the list is for a customer to recommend them. You may want to explain the whole screening process to let the person know the exact qualifications the contractors need to have before being accepted.

A referral service business can expand easily and rapidly. Once your business starts to grow, create a business plan to set goals. Decide how much you want to expand and consider starting franchises in other locations or expanding the list to include contractors that were not included originally. This is your home improvement referral service business and you can take it wherever you want.

Shocking Garage Door Injury Statistics

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Whether it’s a residential garage door, massive dock door for a big box store or a roll-up door for a mall retail shop, one thing is certain: Without proper maintenance and repairs, overhead doors can be literal death traps. With reports peppering the nation about injuries from faulty sensors or outdated garage doors catching feet, children and pets, a subpar garage door is a huge liability. However, the actual injury statistics may surprise you.

According to the National Electronic Injury Surveillance Survey (NEISS), the most common type of garage door injury is “pinch/crush section joints” which happens to about 7,550 Americans each year. This includes “fingers caught between section joints, (and) includes amputations, avulsions, etc.” It’s no surprise that this is the most common, but what’s astounding is just how serious these injuries can be. All it takes is a few skipped maintenance inspections or a bad spring to bring a lawsuit to your family or business.

“Crushing” Reports

The second most common injury occurs from “falling doors,” with over 2,100 Americans falling victim to this each year. According to NEISS, this happens when a “door falls for any reason” and includes reasons like a bad installation, outdated and un-maintained doors, or any other number of things. However, a quality garage door with solid installation won’t fall “for any reason”, which is why it’s paramount to demand both top notch doors and installation.

“Sharp edges” account for over 800 injuries every year, with NEISS defining it as “lacerations from garage door window glass.” Today’s garage doors-when they do feature glass-are shatter-resistant. Should they break, which is rare, it’s similar to when a car window breaks. The result is gummy and messy, but there aren’t any sharp edges. Unfortunately, that’s not true of older overhead doors.

Rounding Out the Top Offenses

“Other entrapment” happens to nearly 200 Americans every year. “Half of these were fingers caught between rollers and tracks” according to the research, and could also fall into the pinch/crush category. Tracks and rollers are some of the most common parts that need maintenance, but it’s always best to have a professional handle it.

“Race to beat the door” leads to around 135 injuries every year in the US. “People trying to get through the opening before the door closes” is a dangerous game, but a fruitless one if you have a good overhead door with sensors. When this is the case, the sensor will stop the door from closing (and perhaps re-open it) when there’s any movement detected.

Playing it Safe

Finally, “riding the door” can (not surprisingly) cause about 90 injuries per year in the US. This should be avoided with a little common sense, but of course that’s something children and teens don’t have in abundance. However, an overhead door that’s current and undergoes regular inspections should be able to hold the weight of a child-of course, that should never be put to the test.

The vast majority of these injuries are avoidable with common sense, maintenance and upgrades. Going without these three is a gamble no homeowner, landlord or business owner should take since the house (or in this case garage door) always wins.

When Curing Cancer Becomes a Crime

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WHEN HEALING CANCER BECOMES A CRIME

All truth passes through three stages. First, it is ridiculed. Second, it is violently opposed. Third, it is accepted as being
self-evident

© Mike Cavalli

Since time immemorial, progressive thinking scientists, physicians, therapists have been persecuted, sued, had their labs destroyed and research papers stolen. Scores of other visionaries were ridiculed for challenging the status quo of day, including such legends as Roentgen for his X-rays, Morton on the ‘absurd’ idea of anaesthesia, Semmelweiss endeavoured to convince surgeons of the need to sterilize their instruments. Pasteur was ridiculed for his theory that germs could cause disease. William Harvey, (circulation of blood, 1628), James L. Baird, (television camera), Nikola Tesla, (Earth electrical resonance), Wilbur & Orville Wright, (flying machines) and so on.

Andrew Harris is the latest in a long line of pioneers of notoriety to suffer the wrath of
a kainotophobic, PC society, which claims to protect us from snake oil salesman & charlatans, yet, greatly restricts and some cases prohibits us from  choosing the health

care program of our choice.

He was convicted under the rarely-used Cancer Act 1939, which makes it illegal to offer a cure for cancer or to offer advice on how to treat the disease in any advertisement by someone outside the medical profession, The product in question, Triamazon, a natural non-toxic alternative for treating all types of cancer.

Even Jonathan Coupe, executive councillor for environmental services at Trafford Council, said: “This is an unusual and rare case under legislation that is nearly 70 years old.

But Andrew Harris is no exception, for we must turn our attention to the beginning of the 20th century where the annals of history can offer us some insight, a pattern, to how this scenario will be played out.

 In 1924 the illustrious Harry Hoxsey opened his first cancer clinic using herbal formulas reputed to have been developed by his great-grandfather, consisting of caustic herbal pastes and or  herbal tonics combined with vitamin supplements, and changes in diet

Reviews by major medical authorities, the likes of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), the National Cancer Institute, the American Cancer Society, M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, and Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, had found no evidence that the Hoxsey therapy is an effective treatment for cancer. However, these were only reviews and yet, albeit to the repeated requests made by Hoxsey for such a test. Despite the thousands of patients who had regained their health using his grandfathers formula, neither the AMA, the FDA, nor NCI ever bothered to test — fairly and scientifically, Yet both the AMA and FDA dismissed the potion as “worthless, without any therapeutic merit in the treatment of cancer” –  
In the JAMA 1954 the AMA insisted that “any intelligent physician could testify that all these substances were worthless”

The government, it appears, was more interested in closing his clinic down than in scientifically testing his tonic
In 1960 it finally succeeded.  Throughout those 36 years that preceded his clinic’s closure, Hoxsey was harassed by medical boards, the AMA, and FDA. 119 times Between 1926-1931 he was arrested for practicing medicine without a license and over 100 times between 1937-1939 after setting up his Texas clinic.

At the forgoing  FDA trial, all Hoxsey’s case histories were dismissed as lacking in evidence and neither the FDA nor the NCI provided any detail counter evidence or laboratory trials on cancer efficacy or otherwise.  Commissioner Larrick warned Hoxsey publicly in 1956.
1954 saw  an independent team of US physicians making a two-day inspection of Hoxsey’s clinic, then in Dallas, and concluded that he was ‘successfully treating pathologically proven cases of cancer, both internal and external, without the use of surgery, radium or x-ray’.

 Even in 1965, the notorious Morris Fishbein, former long term editor of JAMA and voice of American Medicine for 40 years referred to Hoxsey as a charlatan and talked of “ghouls and cancer quacks”. This coming from the man who wrote several books extremely critical of “medical quackery.” calling chiropractic a “malignant tumour,” whilst considering Osteopathy and Homeopathy “cults.” Hoxsey sued Fishbein – and won. However, Patricia Ward in her report to Congress quoted this sort of attitude as setting the “low level of discourse and the emotional rather than analytical tone”. 

Recent literature, however, does show that the ingredients do have merit. Pokeweed – triggers the immune systems, increases lymphocytes and increases levels of immunoglobulin. Burdock – considerable anti-tumour activity uniquely capable of reducing mutagenicity  Burberry – anti-tumour activity contains lycbetaine, an anti-tumour substance. Buckthorn – anti-leukaemia substances. Anthraquinone works against tumours. Stillingia and prickly ash, have anti-inflammatory or anaesthetic properties.

Since those early years of 1924 and 84 years later, the question has to be asked, why have none of the government agencies scientifically tested Hoxsey’s formula to either validate or discredit his claims!

Squeezed between the life and death of Harry Hoxsey  was the brilliant scientist Royal Raymond rife, (1888 – 1971) who arguably discovered single handily bioelectric medicine, which, is still used today in the fields of  optics, electronics,

radiochemistry, biochemistry, ballistics, and aviation.

When a true genius appears in this world, you may know him by this sign, that the dunces are all in confederacy against him. – Jonathan Swift

Rife’s treatments were based upon a mechanical application of frequency to the body. Unlike traditional medical treatments which depended on the bodies own immune system to be strong enough to accept drugs in order to kill a virus, his discovery moved the paradigm of healing. No longer did the body have to destroy the virus, but merely rid the dead or neutralized disease from the system through the body’s own

natural  function.

Rife discovered that any disease can be eliminated with frequencies based on its individual electromagnetic signature and after almost 20,000 unsuccessful  attempts, he finally isolated and identified the human cancer virus, and named it Cryptocides Primordiales.

In 1934, Rife’s San Diego Laboratory and clinic received a Special Medical Research Committee from UCSC, a team of doctors and pathologists were assigned to examine 16 terminal cancer patients brought from Pasadena County Hospital. After 90 days of treatment they concluded that 85% of the patients had complete remission.
Rife adjusted his frequency for the remaining15% who were also cured, making his treatment a resounding 100% success. Royal Rife was honored at a banquet entitled “The End To All Diseases”

The Beam Ray Instrument, as it was called, was huge, so huge in fact that Royal Rife began collaborating with electrical engineer Philip Hoyland to make a smaller, more portable and practical version, from here on the whole business got very messy.

Rife & his new technology attracted the attention of the notorious AMA editor Morris

Fishbein.

The Beam Ray corporation, a manufacturing company for rife, was issued with a law suit from board director Philip Hoyland to force a new board that would include members favorable to Fishbein & AMA.  Why Hoyland sued is still very ambiguous, but he lost, however his assisted legal aid certainly racked up the defense expenses and as a consequence made the corporation bankrupt.
 Since the AMA could not gain control of Rife’s work, Fishbein decided to crush it. Doctors were told to get rid of their Beam Ray Instruments or lose membership in the AMA.

A New Jersey lab which was independently validating Rife’s work was burnt by arsonists, then, Dr. Millbank Johnson, a keen advocate of Rife was fatally poisoned hours before he was due to give a talk on the 100% cure of terminal patients. Just about 40 miles from Rife’s lab, Dr Nemens, who himself had some success, was killed by a mysterious fire in his lab. Raymond Royal Rife became a broken man, an alcoholic, and was also pronounced dead at Grossmont Hospital by an accidental lethal dose of Valium.

The are numerous tragic stories about other single minded genii, Dr Koch a brilliant free radical  chemist  who understood that whilst our cells take in the vital oxygen supply, it also takes in the toxic garbage within itself, he too was killed by arsenic injected in his toothpaste. 

Dr Bob Beck who never had anything to sell, re-discovered suppressed medical information which enhance the immune system and kill every organism that isn’t supposed to be there, now known as The Beck Protocol.

I  read an article in Science News that was published March 30, 1991. On page 207, it described the “shocking” treatment proposed for AIDS by Albert Einstein College of Medicine in New York City, which had accidentally discovered a way to cure all AIDS. So I looked into this, and I found that a paper on an AIDS cure had been presented to a Joint Congress on Combination Therapies in Washington, D.C., on March 14, 1991, at the First International Symposium on Combination Therapy. When I attempted to find a copy of this paper to see what it said, I found that they had all vanished or were cut out of the proceedings. We hired a private investigator who got a personal abstract copy from one of the conference attendees. I also did a computer search and found that the only other mention of this technology was in “Outer Limits” in Longevity Magazine which appeared in the December, 1992, issue. It stated that Steven Kaali, M.D., from Albert Einstein College of Medicine, had found a way of inhibiting AIDS in blood, but that years of testing would be required before the virus-electrocuting device was ready for use. In other words, they discovered it and then tried to cover it up immediately. But a very funny thing happened. Two years later, a patent popped up. The U.S. Government Patent Office described the entire process. You can obtain Patent #5188738 in which the same Dr. Kaali describes a process, which will attenuate any bacteria or virus (including AIDS/HIV), parasites and all fungi contained in the blood, rendering them ineffective from infecting a normally healthy human cell.

Perhaps Basil Earl Wainwright who discovered the polyatomic aphersis is  arguably  one of the most colourful characters in alternative therapies.  labelled a career criminal for  selling unapproved ozone generators as a cure for serious illnesses such as cancer and AIDS. Today, Ozone, is still one of the most misunderstood elements of our time and is considered in USA as a toxic gas “with no medical uses” It is in the eyes of FDA an unapproved drug,  which  probably explains why the prolific author and investigate journalist Ed MaCabe  or “Mr Oxygen” as he is known,  in his early research years, had his house  raided, computer, notebooks & research papers confiscated, imprisoned for 18 months and was also  “sent to live” with criminally insane patients for “valuation” where for 18 days he was locked in arm, leg and waist chains. Today oxygen therapy is a thriving industry with products ranging from portable water ozonators, oxygen supplements, ozone saunas and with around 3000 Dr’s in Germany practicing ozone treatment ranging from autohemotherapy, – Insufflation – Ingestion – Ozonated water. bagging, ozonated olive oil; cupping with a funnel and Ozone  steam sauna .

Although  natural non toxic remedy’s cannot claim to cure, there is reasonable cause to argue that this rule should also apply to pharmaceutical drugs unless it can be proven unequivocally that of an exceptionally high cure rate, for  it is common knowledge that not all drugs “cure” people, furthermore through the passage of time, many drugs have had to be recalled  due adverse effects and deaths, presumably oversight or unknown side effects of the long term problems of the drug being tested are just some of the contributory factors.  Avandia, baycol, rezullin, vioxx, to name but  a few. Another problem facing the pharmaceutical is the closer scrutiny (after the horse has bolted) of certain products. With around 40 million people taking prozac for depression, research made and published on the  25th October on government website pubmed  concluded that  “Pimozide augmentation of fluoxetine treatment for body dysmorphic disorder was no more effective than placebo, even in more delusional patients”


The latest study on the checked history of Warafin published in Neurology, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology, showed an increased risk of death if a consumer suffers a hemorrhagic stroke from having larger amounts of bleeding in the brain. Even common prescription drugs for Asthma such as Fluticasone can have some of the most horrendous side effects including respiratory tract infection, shortness of breath, wheezing, and worsening of asthma,

There needs to be worldwide unilateral classification and transparency  on products relating to our  health. The United States, arguably one of the mot oppressive regimes with regard to medical choice, Virginia Vs Cherixx being the latest offing, does allow for example Californian citizens the right to grow small quantities either personally or communally  “medical marijuana”, Dr’s in Austria can and often do prescribe marijuana for pain relief, whilst In UK, although it has been decriminalized, marijuana is not prescribed and is therefore used underground by many people to relive suffering

 The case for, Colloidal Silver ” natures antibiotic” to be taking seriously is growing, yet no major study has been authored. Manuka honey, another not toxic product is been used impregnated into dressings successfully in the wound care clinic and on the maxillofacial ward since January 2008 at Royal Surrey County Hospital.

 DMSO, largely used by sportsman and women to aid  quick repair to injury, (although no team physicians will admit to it) has the remarkable capacity to aid any medication through the blood brain barrier, Dmso as chronicled in Dr morton Walker’s wonderfully penned book DMSO natures healer, has, to it’s misfortune been labelled a wonder drug, the silver bullet, even so, used as a stand alone drug, Arthritis suffers, Downs syndrome children, Sciatica, and many other victims of discomfort and those of serious medical conditions have reported remarkable benefits or “spontaneous remission”, the term now favoured by natural therapists to avoid prosecution.

But there probably never will be a major study on these two natural products and many others like them for the simple reason that they cannot be patented and therefore no drug company will invest the millions of pounds required before it can go on the market under their brand name. Sadly the big drug companies are PLC’s or corporations and are legally bound to show an increase in returns to their shareholders which they do with uncompromising efficiency.

According to Triamazon website, The Medicines Healthcare Regulatory Authority (who accept money from pharmaceutical industry), raided and took Triamazon for   testing back in February 2008. Eight months on they have neither handed over the test results nor issued any health concerns. It is common sense and in the public interest, if only to dispel any thoughts of complicity, that Triamazon should be thoroughly and independently investigated with the results being made public.
But this latest non toxic alternative cancer treatment, has, either by fate or chance, attracted the media attention, maybe this alone does not merit a closer scrutiny at the product, or that the proprietor claims to have had complete remission from Triamazon, the fact however, is that the complaints which were made, were about Andrew Harris breaking the cancer act of 1939, not the product from which he offers independent proof that Triamzon is a viable therapy for cancer,There is no ruling to stop any other individuals or business marketing this product, but for now Triamazon has been withdrawn and Andrew Harris been barred from selling it and bound over to keep the peace for two years or risk facing imprisonment.

The law is an ass, as it has often in the past, successfully shot itself in the foot.
Under the freedom of speech act, Andrew Harris, presumably is now entitled, within reason to express his personal views on what ever he chooses, as do us all, and  as a consequence this ruling has achieved absolutely nothing and the judiciary may have indivertibly  pushed this product as many others before it underground. It is essential that we have clarification once and for all to validate or discredit any claims made that Triamazon is a viable product for the relief of this terribly degenerative disease, cancer.

 www.vitalisnews.com

Wrought Iron Railings – Tips on How to Repair Them

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Wrought iron is made of sturdy and durable material. Like any other material that can last a lifetime, it still has the tendency to become dull and rusty. With wrought iron railings specifically, there is always a possibility for it to get tarnished or even cracked.

The good thing about it though, there are easy minor repairs that can be done to restore the beauty back to your railings. This would definitely save a lot of money as well all know how expensive new iron railings can get.

Old iron railings tend to become brittle over time that they might just snap out all of a sudden when pressure is applied on it. Before this happens, it is really best to prioritize repairing old and worn out railings that are inside the home as it could be a potential hazard, especially for children.

Repairing Tips for Wrought Iron Railings

With a bit of caution and a little knowledge, repairing wrought iron railings can easy as 1-2-3.

Tools such as metal cement, saw, drill, and a tool to smooth and basic woodworking tools will be needed to do minor repairs on your railings.

In most cases, welding the railing can effectively correct the problem. If the problem though, is a broken piece of iron, supporting the metal’s interior may be the preferred solution than re-welding. This is especially true for a support rail or staircase. Also, while metal cement can be used to solve this problem, sometimes it is also better to stabilize the whole pole or post for a more effective and lasting solution. Still, if you are uncertain, it is best recommended to call a wrought iron professional.

More often than not, metal professionals or craftsmen would advise you to bring a sample piece of the railing that needs to be repaired. There are also repair procedures that involve steel or wooden inserts into the problematic post or pipe. In most cases, this repair solution works, also making your broken railings look like new again. The rationale behind the repair-support process of is ultimately for safety purposes. As long as the repair ensures stability, then the newly-repaired railing will do fine.

Electrician Ranks By Experience

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Everyone knows someone who can and is not afraid to take on home improvement tasks that involve electrical work. This does not mean the person is an electrician. Take the field of medicine, for instance. A surgical technician is not a surgeon; though they may work in the medical field and know more than the typical person about surgeries, this is not the person that you will call if you are anticipating a surgery. They may be there to assist along with others on the medical staff, but they are not a doctor. The same idea applies to electricians, and there are four stages of the career. Knowing the difference in these stages can help you decide who to hire for any work in your home.

To begin, there is the person who dabbles in the field. Although this person may seem knowledgeable in the trade, if he has not completed the correct course work and testing, he is not certified or legal in any sense. He may do small jobs as a part of a handyman business or he may be an avid do-it-yourselfer. He also may be remarkably skilled, but he is not licensed.

The first step to licensing is to gain an apprenticeship. Most who are working toward becoming an electrician will find employment under a master in the trade. Working anywhere from one to five years in the position coupled with appropriate schoolwork and training, the apprentice will at this time take the journeyman’s exam. Upon passing the exam, he will be considered a journeyman. Because the career field involves potentially dangerous work, it is important to know this so called rank of a person that is doing work in your home. Some simple work does not require as much training as other tasks require, and the electrical contractor whom you employ for the job will send the appropriately ranked person.

Once the rank of journeyman has been attained, a person must continue to work under a master for several years; since laws and requirements vary from state to state, this amount of time will also vary. It can be assumed that a master in the field maintains his status with continued schooling and regular license renewal. Although journeymen and masters may both have involved knowledge and experience in the trade, you must be a master before you can offer apprenticeships to train others.

An apprentice will work for a wage paid by the master. This means that the master stands to profit by offering apprenticeships. For example, a contractor sends an apprentice to a site to complete a one thousand dollar job that takes three hours to complete, the wages paid out for the amateur’s labor could be less than one hundred dollars. Once the rank of journeyman is reached, the wage goes up, but it is still profitable for the master contractor.

4 Tips for Preparing Your Roof for Spring

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Now that winter is over, it’s time to check your roof for any damage that may have occurred during the winter and prepare it for the spring and summer. With high winds, spring showers, and that long-awaited sunshine, the unpredictable spring weather can do some serious damage to a roof that isn’t in peak condition. Spring is the perfect time to inspect your roof because the extreme cold of winter has usually passed, and the extreme heat of summer is yet to come. The mild weather also means there are fewer delays if you do need anything repaired.

Clean and Inspect Your Gutters

Clogged gutters can cause a lot more damage than most people think. When gutters cannot properly drain, they overflow. The water runoff is damaging to your roof and to the foundation of your house.

First, remove any debris that may have built up in your gutters over the winter. After you are sure that all the debris has been removed, use your hose to flush out any remaining residue. Once your gutters are clean, you can thoroughly check for any leaks or cracks, as well as any sections that may have detached from your roof.

Clean and Inspect Your Roof

Just like with your gutters, you can’t properly inspect your roof if it’s covered with debris. After cleaning off your roof, check for any loose or damaged shingles, sagging areas, rust, or algae or fungus. All of these are signs of damage, and you should contact a roofing contractor as soon as possible to get them repaired. Damaged and loose shingles may seem like a small problem, but if they aren’t addressed, the summer heat can make the problem much worse. Similarly, a small sag or a little bit of algae may not seem like they need to be addressed right away, but with the wet weather that comes with the spring, these problems can escalate quickly.

Inspect Your Attic

There may be damages and leaks that aren’t visible from the outside. Inspect your attic for any streaking, wet insulation, or yellowing paint as these are all signs of a potential roof leak.

Trim Back Any Overhanging Branches

High winds can wreak havoc on your trees, and your roof. Overhanging branches can break off and land on your roof, potentially causing damage to your shingles and gutters.

Make sure to inspect your roof as soon as possible this spring, so if your roof does need any repairs, you can get them taken care of before the extreme heat of summer. Contact a certified roofing contractor to ensure that your roof is thoroughly inspected, and to ensure that any and all repairs are done correctly.

Electrician’s CV – How to Write the Best Electrical Curriculum Vitae

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To boost your chances of landing a job in the electrical industry you’ll need to be able to write the best Curriculum Vitae (CV) to showcase yourself, your qualifications and your achievements. You’ll find many CV templates and sample covering letters on the internet which you can use as a foundation or starting point but there are certain key points that you should include when writing your electrician’s CV.

You can begin by modifying the content of the sample covering letter and CV templates to suit your personal profile and then use the points below as a guide to help you cover all the other aspects you may want to include.

Covering Letter

A good covering letter is essential to introduce yourself to the employer and this is where you can really sell yourself. Give a brief description of why you want to join their company, your experience and your contact details.

Hopefully, after reading your covering letter the employer will be looking forward to seeing your CV!

Be Honest and Brief

Always tell the truth. Don’t exaggerate your qualifications and make sure you have proof in the form of certificates or documents. Keep your CV down to 2 sides of A4 and make it simple and uncomplicated.

Personal information

Don’t forget to include your name, telephone, and email contact details.

Objectives

State your objectives, ambitions and hopes for working with this particular company. Even something as simple as wanting to work as part of a team alongside other professional electricians to gain experience and develop your knowledge. You could also state this in your covering letter.

Educational Qualifications

List any education or training qualifications you have including where and when you obtained them. If you don’t have any electrical qualifications you could mention that you have a working knowledge or practical experience and also that you are willing to undergo further training when necessary. A knowledge of the latest updates in the electrical industry is very important and you may be required to be ‘up to speed’.

Skills

Key skills relevant to the job you are applying for should be listed. A range of electrical skills are a real asset to an employer and show that you have experience. Also include any relevant past experience you have including IT, Computer, Team Working or Leading, and Problem Solving Skills. IT skills are gradually being included in the work of a modern electrician and could be required by employers.

Employment History

If you’ve already had a job or jobs, begin with the most recent and list them including the dates you were there, the name and address of the employer, your job title and a brief description of your duties.

Try to make the employment history relevant to the electrical industry. Electricians can cover a wide range of electrical jobs and you’ll need to let an employer know your full capabilities in your CV.

Interests

Don’t simply list your hobbies and interests, but briefly cover areas where you have shown initiative and especially those that show skills relevant to work as an electrician. You may take your home computer or IT skills for granted but they are worth mentioning. Also include any voluntary work you may have done if you think it may be relevant.

References

It’s a good idea to keep your references on file incase you need them for a CV or job application in the future. References could be from your teachers, college tutors or any previous employers.

Interviews

Job interviews can be quite daunting but a little preparation can go a long way. Learning good interview techniques will give you an advantage and when you are properly prepared you will feel more relaxed so you can give your interviewer want they want.

An Introduction to Granite Rocks

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Granites are widely occurring felsic, intrusive and igneous type of rocks. The texture of granite is medium to coarse, rarely with some crystals bigger than the groundmass forming rock which is called as porphyry. Granites are found in different colors like pink, dark gray, green, yellow, red or sometimes even in black and gold depending upon its mineralogy and chemistry. Sometimes Granites occur in circular depressions encircled by a series of hills that are formed by the metamorphic hornfels. Granites are often massive lacking internal structures. They are tough, hard and it has gained widespread use for constructive purposes. 2.75g/cm3 is the average density of granite. If you look at the word ‘granite’, it comes from the Latin word ‘granum’ which is a grain, in reference to its coarse grained constitution.

According to a scientific diagram, Granites are classified for coarse grained plutonic rocks – granitoids and it is named based upon the percentage of quartz, alkali feldspar – sanidine, orthoclase or microcline. Granite like rocks which are silica under saturated might have a feldspathoid such as nepheline. According to modern petrologic, true granite contains both alkali feldspars and plagioclase. When a granitoid lacks or almost lacks plagioclase the rock is said to be alkali granite. If the granitoid carries less than 10% of orthoclase, then it is called tonalite. Amphibole and Pyroxene are common in tonalite. Granites that have both biotite micas and muscovite are called two-mica or binary granite. Typically two-mica granites are low in plagioclase and higher in potassium; A-type or S-type granites. Rhyolite is a volcanic equivalent of plutonic granite.

Presently Earth is the only place Granites are known to form a main part of continental crust. Often granites occur as relatively small, less than 100 km² of stock masses and also in batholiths which are associated with orogenic mountain ranges. Smaller dikes of granite compositions are known as aplites and are often linked with margins of granite intrusions. In some places along with granites, very coarse grained pegmatite masses occur. Granites have been intruded into Earth’s crust during all geologic periods like earthquakes, although most of it has happened in the Precambrian age. Granite rocks are distributed widely throughout the Earth’s continental crust and it is the most abundant basement rocks which underlies the relatively thin sedimentary layer of the continents.

In spite of being fairly common across the globe, the places with the most commercial granite quarries are located in Norway, Sweden – Bohuslän, Finland, Northern Portugal in Chaves, Spain mostly in Galicia and Extremadura, India Brazil and several other countries in southern Africa, such as Angola, Namibia, South Africa and Zimbabwe. Today granites are widely used in making luxury floors, kitchen tables, office tables, bath rooms and tubs.

Adjuster Licensing in Florida – Become a Florida Insurance Claims Adjuster

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Residents of the State of Florida, and non-residents of states that do not require adjuster licensing, are eligible for the Florida All Lines Independent or Company Adjuster license if:

1. You are 18 years or older;

2. An online application is completed and the $55.00 application fee is paid;

3. You are a US citizen or a legal alien with a work authorization;

4. Fingerprints are submitted at one of the sites authorized by the Florida Department of Financial Services (Out-of-state applicants will receive a fingerprint card from the department for completion);

5. You successfully complete the Accredited Claims Adjuster Designation through the University of Central Florida, or one of the other authorized licensing designations, or you pass the state licensing examination.

Florida also maintains a reciprocal licensing arrangement with the following states.

Alabama – Independent adjusters only

Alaska – Independent adjusters only

Arkansas – Independent adjusters only

Connecticut – Independent, Public, and Company adjusters

Georgia – Independent and Public adjusters only. (Does not require licensure for Company adjusters)

Idaho – Independent adjusters only

Illinois – Public adjusters only

Kentucky – Independent, Public, and Company adjusters

Maine – Public and Independent adjusters

Michigan – Public and Independent adjusters

Mississippi – Independent adjusters only

New Mexico – Independent and Company adjusters

North Carolina – Independent, Public, and Company adjusters

Oklahoma – Independent, Public, and Company adjusters

Oregon – Public and Independent adjusters

Pennsylvania – Public adjusters

South Carolina – Independent and Company adjusters only

Texas – Independent and Company adjusters

West Virginia – Independent, Public, and Company adjusters

Washington – Public and Independent adjusters

Wyoming – Independent, Public, and Company adjusters

Utah – Public and Independent adjusters

States that do not require adjuster licensing include Colorado, District of Columbia, Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Maryland, Missouri, Nebraska, New Jersey, North Dakota, Ohio, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Tennessee, Virginia, and Wisconsin.

LICENSING DESIGNATION

Florida first approved the Accredited Claims Adjuster designation in 2003. This designation provided the first and original exemption from the state licensing examination. The course became available as a distance learning course through Florida Insurance University in Partnership with the University of Central Florida in 2004. One out of four adjuster licenses in Florida have been approved using the ACA Designation.

Although other providers are now offering claim adjuster designations, over 250 insurance and adjusting companies use the ACA Designation for licensing resident and non-resident adjusters. The ACA Website may be located at http://www.ce.ucf.edu/insurance

The ACA Designation consists of a series of open-book, multiple choice tests and a written assignment. Students will learn to read and research policy questions, identify claim issues and, at the conclusion of the course, will received a University of Central Florida certificate of completion which will excuse them from the state licensing exam.

CONTINUING EDUCATION

Every FL adjuster is required to complete 24 hours of CE every two years to retain licensure. The 24 hours must include state approved courses for 2 hours-Ethics; 10 hours-Law; 12-hours-Optional.

All required courses are located on the UCF website and all work may be completed online at:

http://www.ce.ucf.edu/ASP/insurance

The Pros And Cons For a Career As a Plumber

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A plumber is a professional who is responsible for repairing and installing the pipes that are used to carry sewage and water. The majority of plumbers work in the plumbing or air conditioning industry, but nearly 14 percent of plumbers are self-employed*. It is important to note that this profession certainly is not for everyone. Before a person decides whether this profession is right for him, he should weigh the pros and cons. Below are some of the benefits and drawbacks of being a plumber:

Pros:

1.) Job opportunities are expected to be plentiful.- The number of jobs in the plumbing industry is expected to grow by 26 percent within the next 10 years*. That is much faster than the national average. There are a growing number of factories and power plants, which is fueling the demand for skilled plumbers.

2.) Great pay- The average salary for a plumber in 2010 was $46,000 per year. However, many plumbers are making over $80,000 per year. The years of experience that a plumber is one of the main factors that determines his pay.

3.) Steady work- There will always be a need for plumbers, which means that people who choose to work in this industry will get to enjoy steady work. Additionally, the uncertain economy does not seem to have any effect on the plumbing industry.

Cons:

1.) Physical demanding- Plumbers are required to spend a great deal of their time carrying heavy pipeline. They also spend most of their day working on their feet. That is why this job may not be right for those who are not in excellent health.

2.) Long, irregular hours- Because a plumbing issue can arise at any time, plumbers may be required to work, long irregular hours. They may even be called into work on their days off to handle after-hour emergencies.

3.) High chance of being injured- Plumbers are at an increased risk for becoming injured while on the job. They can get cut while working with tools. They may also sustain an injury from falling off of a ladder.

Again, people who are interested in joining the plumbing service industry should make sure that take the time to weigh the pros and cons. Plumbers do get to enjoy steady work with great pay. However, this profession is also physically demanding, and it may require that a person work extended hours in the evenings and on weekends.

*(www.bls.gov/ooh/construction-and-extraction/plumbers-pipefitters-and-steamfitters.htm)

Choosing the Best SEO Services Company

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When choosing an SEO services company, you should consider a few things to be able to make the right choice. It is important to note that good search engine optimization (SEO) for your website means more business for you. This is because it will lead to more visibility of your site, hence more traffic, more prospects, more conversions and higher profits. It is the lifeline for the long term success of your business. Therefore, as you choose the company to aid you with your SEO efforts, make a wise choice right from the start to avoid compromising on your web based business.

To start with, you should ask yourself whether SEO is right for your business. If you need more exposure to more clients and potential customers, then the answer here is a no brainer. This decision can also be informed by your level of expertise in terms of SEO. If you are good at implementing SEO yourself, then you can make a quick decision on where to start with your efforts for better search engine visibility. Else, start the process of identifying the most appropriate SEO company to help you out.

The very first sign of a genuine SEO services company is a need to evaluate your website before they offer a quote. These companies know that sometimes, your entire website needs a very small alteration to completely change and become very visible and competitive. They, therefore, insist on evaluating your site to identify what needs to be changed or to be included for better visibility, before you even talk about costs. Avoid SEO companies that will promise and “guarantee” you first page rankings in almost no time. These companies will most likely use some black hat and prohibited techniques to rank your site. The result is temporary good rankings, which fade away as fast as they came. You may also end up getting your site penalized or even banned from the search results, meaning a loss of business and investment capital.

Upon identification of a potential SEO company, find out if they have any certifications. These work towards giving you more confidence in their services. A company that has been identified by various independent authorities for excellent service will most likely give you a very satisfactory outcome with your SEO campaigns. On top of the certifications, they should also have a verifiable portfolio of current and previous clients who are happy with their service.

A huge sign of success that may be delivered by the SEO company of choice is their own website. How well does the SEO company’s website rank for their main keywords? If they are competitively ranked, then you can use them to help with your SEO efforts. If they are nowhere to be found in the search engines, then you cannot expect much from them.

Finally, the cost of the service should be affordable and cheap enough for your pocket, but well enough to guarantee quality service. Remember that success with SEO is an on-going effort and not a one-time activity. So, when choosing your SEO services company, make sure to have this in mind.

Five Companies With Which to Register for REO Trash-Out and Foreclosure Clean Up Jobs

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Many smaller foreclosure clean up businesses get work from larger mortgage field services companies. The trash-out and foreclosure clean up industry is on the rise, as is evident in foreclosure industry reporting data from sources like RealtyTrac, an online marketplace for foreclosures. According to RealtyTrac, 3,825,637 foreclosure filings were reported in 2010 on U.S. properties. That’s a double digit increase from the year 2008.

Foreclosure clean up companies handle the clearing out, cleaning up and ongoing interior and exterior maintenance of homes that have been foreclosed upon by banks and mortgage companies. Services offered by foreclosure clean up companies can include a wide spectrum of services, well beyond cleaning. Services offered by these businesses include cleaning, debris removal, painting, minor repairs, lawn maintenance, applying tarps to roofs and full roof repairs, pressure washing, gutter cleaning, one-time and ongoing inspections, vehicle removal, tree cutting, winterization, lock changing, window and door boarding, and more.

Establish Your Foreclosure Cleaning Enterprise First

Many smaller foreclosure clean up companies get work from property preservation companies. While there are a plethora of property preservation companies in existence, it can be a time-consuming process signing up with all of these entities. The best way to start getting work is to establish your business with the proper license, insurance, and equipment.

Your License: Often a business occupational license from your county’s County Clerk Office is what is needed. Each county is unique, so call your government office that handles business licensing in your county to find out what type of license you will need based on the services you choose to offer.

The Business Insurance: Next, contact a local insurance agency and discuss your business so you can best determine the type of coverage your company will need. At minimum, you will need liability insurance coverage. Also plan to discuss securing workmen’s compensation insurance and the appropriate coverage for your vehicle.

Preparing for Equipment: There are a few routes you can take when it comes to getting equipment for your business. You can either a) purchase equipment, b) rent equipment, or c) use the equipment you already have on hand in your garage or basement to start your business. Plan equipment based on the services you plan to offer in your business.

NOTE: If you niche your services, or offer one-stop shop services based on subcontracting or referring out services, you will need limited equipment to start. However, if you choose to become a one-stop shop and do everything yourself, you will need more equipment. Keep this in mind as you plan your business and equipment needs.

After you have properly researched the industry, planned your business and marketing strategies, secured proper license and insurance, and have your equipment needs in order, it will be time to start signing up for work.

The best way to start is to register your business with larger property preservation companies. Below is a list of five large property preservation companies. Contact them for their vendor packets and start signing up your company so you’re part of their databases.

List of Five Top Property Preservation Companies with Which to Register

1. Mortgage Contracting Services, LLC: A national property preservation and inspection company founded in 1986. (Website: mcs360 DOT com)

2. Cyprexx Services: Cyprexx is a national field services business that provides property preservation, inspection, repair and maintenance services to some of the largest financial organizations, government institutions, asset management corporations, and brokers in the U.S. (Internet Address: cyprexx DOT com)

3. Five Brothers: This company has been in business for more than 40 years providing property preservation, inspection, and REO management-related services. (Website: fivebrms DOT com)

4. Field Asset Services, Inc.: Field Asset Services is an REO asset management servicing and property preservation company responsible for more than 7.3 billion dollars in residences on behalf of almost 30 major nationwide clients. They regularly care for 120,000 plus properties. (Site: fieldassets DOT com)

5. Lenders Asset Management Corp. (“LAMCO”): LAMCO has been in existence since 1989 providing residential REO asset management and outsourcing solutions for national lending institutions, banks, servicers, and investment firms. (Web: lendersreo DOT com)

Planning for Property Preservation Tests

When you register your foreclosure clean up business with these large property preservation companies, be prepared to show proof of insurance, business registration, and quite possibly be prepared to take a property preservation quiz. Most of these quizzes are straight-forward tests that simply judge your comprehension of basic industry terms and tasks. Much of the test information is quickly available online — if you don’t already know it.

Foreclosure Clean Up Jobs for Years to Come

Remember, once you get registered with these companies and your credentials check out, these larger entities can provide your company with bulk foreclosure cleaning work for years to come.

Much success registering your REO trash-out business with these companies for foreclosure clean up jobs!

For a larger list of property preservation companies and other key businesses with which to register for foreclosure cleaning and REO trash-out work (with direct vendor job links), see the Property Preservation & Real Estate Industry Contracting and Subcontracting Directory.

Crystal Pointe Jersey City

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Crystal Pointe Jersey City has some of the most beautiful condos of any development within Jersey City.  They are beautiful condos on the waterfront that allow an owner to simply be stunned by the view.  Crystal Pointe downtown condos are easily accessible and a great place to live.  There are many unique amenities that will ensure that you want to take full advantage of Crystal Pointe.

One of the most amazing amenities of these condominiums is the pool.  Unlike other condo buildings which have pools that are small and do not offer any landscaping, the pool at Crystal Point Jersey City is simply amazing.  The pool offers amazing views of the surrounding area as well as a great place to sit back and relax with your friends or family.  Unlike other buildings that say that they are on the water but are nowhere close Crystal Point Jersey City is right on the water.  It is literally 25 feet away from the water and you will be able to enjoy great views of the Hudson from two sides of the building.

The doorman and concierge service are two other great benefits.  The grand lobby offers a luxurious space to walk into whether you are arriving for the first time or are coming home from a long day at work.  Valet parking is one of the best features of Crystal Pointe.  Many residents choose not to drive their vehicles and simply walk or take public transportation to work.  The Crystal club lounge is an enjoyable place to relax.  There are plenty of comfortable pieces of furniture where you can sit back and talk with all of your friends.  This lounge can also be a unique starting point for your evening or a great place to talk after a long night out on the town.

The contemporary feeling of the residences at Crystal Pointe makes residents feel as if they were in an amazing new world.  Balconies and terraces are available in nearly every residence so that plenty of outdoor entertaining can be done.  Concealed heating and air conditioning systems allow the condominiums to have a cleaner and more modern appearance.  Jenn Air appliances and an ASKO washer/dryer are included with each condominium to allow the move in process to flow as smoothly as possible.  Imported quartz counter tops along with sleek looking cabinets make a resident of Crystal Pointe truly feel at home.  Residents have a separate glass enclosed shower, supremely stunning vanities and imported marble floors to touch off the final quarters of their homes.

Crystal Pointe Jersey City is one of the top condominium developments to be in.  There are a ton of activities nearby for residents to enjoy.  Living at Crystal Pointe Jersey City is one of the top downtown Jersey City condos.  Do not avoid going for the best possible condominium.  Purchasing and enjoying a condominium is one of the best feelings in the world.  Crystal Pointe is selling condominiums fast so ensure that you take a look at one today.

Extension Springs Vs Torsion Springs – Choosing the Right Garage Door Parts

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Choosing the correct springs for your dream garage door that you want to operate flawlessly might be a good deal more significant than you realized. Homeowners making these DIY repairs can cause harm to theirselves, loved ones, and even damage to their own property – and this can be no exaggeration. The facts are that deaths have occurred due to springs that are improperly installed. That is why seasoned professionals from an overhead door business that is reputable should function as the only ones fixing a damaged or broken garage door. There’s much at stake. This post will discuss the most common kinds of springs.

In truth there’s an extensive variety of garage door springs that are distinct, and many distinct subtypes. Yet there are two primary types of torsion, extension and springs.

Extension springs are the most frequently employed garage door springs on residential dwellings. You are going to discover them above the upper courses, on either side of the door, running. For the door to open these springs must go, which supplies.

These cables can keep from turning into a dangerous projectile somehow or in case a bottom mount, cable or spring breaks neglects. Something such as this can occur at any time the garage door is open, shut or proceeding. It’s incredibly significant that security cables be installed with extension springs because of this on all doors.

Extension springs stretch and enlarge, whereas torque is used by torsion springs to be able to lift the door.

There’s a more extensive variety of choices that include torsion springs, including a number of spans and sizes. These variations are carefully computed to fit path radius among other variables along with the kind of overhead door, its height and width.

Still stuck with determining between Extension or Torsion Garage Door Springs? Extension springs are often priced lower than torsion springs and this can be why most houses have them. Nevertheless, it is necessary to understand that due to having more components exposed, they do present a danger that is higher.

On the other hand, torsion springs can continue up to twice as long, are stronger, and can support a heavier door. Torsion springs supply greater equilibrium overall, making the garage door open and close more readily. Having fewer uncovered parts, they’re undoubtedly safer. Why torsion springs usually are more expensive this is.

Don’t forget to take into consideration the added advantages that come with a torsion spring system, particularly in regards to security, should you be contemplating your choices for new springs. By picking it’s possible for you to foster your ROI.

In any event got to take into account that whether you use extension or torsion garage door springs, both use extreme numbers of tension while using. To restrict the threat of harm or property damage, we definitely recommend which you talk to a garage door business that is reputable before attempting to fix or install the springs yourself.

Promotional Bar Accessories As Business Advertising Products

Why does anyone utilize Promotional Bar Accessories –  for exposure and advertising. Promotional Products are not just for tradeshows. Since just about any item can be embossed with a logo it is worth taking a look at all of your regular purchases and see what could be personalized.

Promotional bar accessories often carry much more advertising staying power than paper printed advertising, unless the printed paper products you’re talking about are paper cubes, notepads, notebooks and sticky notes. With your logo printed on cubes, notepads, notebooks or Post-it notes, every note written will carry your logo or marketing message to another potential client.

Print4half.com offering Promotional Bar Accessories at half the price and greater quality. Promotional Bar Accessories performing a major role in brand awareness, new customer generation and new product introductions. Printing on those Promotional Bar Accessories should be attractive enough to get a notice from the people.

Advantages of Promotional Bar Accessories

Creation and Retention of Interest – If the promotional bar accessories you’re giving away are useful and durable, recipients would no doubt be able to use them for a long time. Consequently, they can become your customers in the future because the imprinted logo or brand name on the promotional bar accessories constantly reminds them of how they got the product in the first place.

Trade Show Traffic Generation – If you are joining a trade show, one way of encouraging people to visit your booth is to offer promotional bar accessories. And to make sure that the benefit’s mutual, make sure that you attach a pamphlet to the product or require people to listen to you first before allowing them to proceed to the “next step” and accept their “reward”. When others see people flocking to your booth, curiosity will usually prompt them to join in and the cycle goes on and on.

Free Samples as promotional bar accessories – If you’ve got a new product to introduce to the market, you can give samples away and allow prospective customers to experience for themselves the benefits of your latest product. This can even be a more affordable marketing solution since you don’t have to make use of the services of another manufacturing company. In this instance, it’s your own factory that’s manufacturing the products you intend to give away for promotional use.

Custom Promotional items are also used in politics to promote candidate and their manifesto. Wristband, used to promote cancer awareness and raise funds to support cancer survivorship programs and research.

The first known promotional products in the United States are commemorative buttons dating back to the election of George Washington in 1789.

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Integrating Thermography With Your Cmms-eam Systems

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Introduction

More and more companies are investing in CMMS systems to organize the complex task of managing capital equipment and facility infrastructure whether it is process or production equipment or building systems like HVAC and computers. CMMS is a great organizational tool but cannot directly monitor equipment conditions. PdM technologies including thermography excel at monitoring equipment condition but do not have the ability to organize overall maintenance operations and have historically been closed proprietary systems. If maintenance practices and investments are to really pay off, the integration of the two tools is necessary. As organizational systems become more computerized, the overall access and quality of data substantially increases. The challenge is how best to create, organize and disseminate the vast amount of data that computerized database systems like CMMS inevitability create. In addition, inevitably the added workload will be required without additional staff. To achieve this, one must make sure that any data collected is integrated with the original database. In this way, the investment in building asset databases is leveraged across the many interfaces and platforms. Techniques to push out this data and take back updated machinery health data is what this paper will discuss and provide specific examples of doing this in practice.

Disadvantages of Current PdM/CMMS Systems

  • No common data formats between systems
  • No way to integrate CMMS asset data into PdM devices
  • Data transfer is manual and time consuming, limiting the ability to build an integrated program
  • No ability to “drill down” and extract metrics
  • Lost opportunity to develop correlations between PdM methodologies

Advantages of Integrated PdM/CMMS Systems

  • Asset data entered once is leveraged across multiple systems
  • Common nomenclature delivers consistent results regardless of operator skill and training
  • Significant efficiencies can be realized and costs and or effectiveness of PdM tools increased
  • Route-based data collection derived from historical data results in better utilization of manpower resources

Integrating CMMS Data with Your Thermography Program

To begin you need to create a thermography camera system that can operate like a data logger. Common elements in data loggers are: a touch screen, a sophisticated file management system, the ability to handle data formats like XML and an easy way to input and output data. A tablet form-factor makes it practical to use your finger or stylus to execute software features. Many of today’s popular portable vibration data collectors are excellent examples of product designs that are conducive for integration. Similarly, the thermography camera – data logger system is also best designed to be a ruggedized tablet style computer with a thermal camera channel. Some of the most common features of data loggers that make them easily integrated into CMMS systems are:

  • Rugged small tablet form factor
  • Touchscreen user interface
  • Application-specific software functionality
  • PC-familiar internal file management
  • Simple-to-execute file exchange between PC and device

Once the portable user interfaces has been established, a desktop software application must be implemented that interface both to the camera and to CMMS databases. A software wizard can be used to map CMMS source data to a thermography asset database. Data must be exported from the CMMS system as a CSV file. The wizard then imports those fields that are desired to be tracked. The wizard must assure that each record of asset data that is exported from the CMMS system maintains sufficient identification to ensure that links between the CMMS source and the thermography program database are maintained. By automating the population of the thermography asset database, the user eliminates the need to enter potentially hundreds if not thousands of records into the thermography program making it more likely the tool will be used effectively. Once the CMMS source data is in the camera it is highly efficient to tag asset information to captured images during the inspection process using intuitive pull temperature rise, incident severity, repair recommendation, a visible control photograph and the asset descriptions are permanently stored in the infrared camera’s thermal image where they can be automatically loaded in pre designed report templates for quick and easy report generation. In addition to simplifying data gathering and automating report generation, the asset lists can be organized into route files. Such a thermography camera can take asset files and organize them into routes that the thermographer can then use to guide them through all the inspection points assigned for the next inspection cycle, an enormous step toward efficiency and savings.

Summary

  • Field inspection is a data intensive process
  • Leveraging a source database across all PdM modality is efficient and cost effective
  • Standardized data ensures consistent results (for example 3 operators might call the same asset three different names)
  • Data can be organized into routes and operators can be trained to conduct data gathering
  • Future potential to correlate data across PdM modality to improve route cause analysis of various equipment problems
  • Software when used as intended can lower program costs significantly and by eliminating manually intensive data entry the prospects of using an integrated data base within a portable PdM instrument like a thermography camera are greatly enhanced.

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Options and Benefits of Metal Fencing

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If you wish to boost your home security, you may consider metal fencing as a cost-efficient and long lasting option. You will have better peace of mind when you sleep at night or go away on vacation. To some degree, metal fencing is a good way to secure your possessions and protect your loved ones from harm.

Metal fences are also commonly installed to secure fish ponds, gardens, and pets. Metal offers a degree of flexibility that more home builders are seeing the value of this material. The home owner may choose from various kinds of metals, designs, sizes, and patterns available. You may even have your fences painted to complement your home’s exterior.

There are plenty of choices when it comes to a metal style fence design, from the simplest to more complex and intricate designs. Of course, we cannot forget the durability and the sturdiness of metal type fencing, which makes it ideal for any kind of property. A coat of paint is enough for the metal to last for many years. When the metal eventually degenerates, metal style fences are easy and cheaper to repair or replace.

Wood will remain a popular choice for fencing but metal comes with a lot of advantages for the home builder. Unlike wooden fences, metal type fencing is not prone to pest and termite infestation. It is inexpensive and does not take much to maintain. When it comes to aesthetic appeal, metal fencing easily rivals the classic appeal of wooden fences. Even better, ornamental metal fences are made available in a variety of shapes and styles.

Metal Fencing Options

Aluminum and wrought iron are two commonly used materials in this type of fencing. Aluminum is the cheaper alternative between the two and can withstand rusting better. It would make a good choice if it always rains in your location. Aluminum metal is also ideal for pool areas. It is also ideal if you would like to have your fences painted on.

On the other hand, wrought iron fences cost a little more because they are custom-built and bring about a more classic look and feel. Rust can be a major problem but if you live in a mostly sunny city, proper maintenance is all it takes to keep them in top condition. Wrought iron fences can be galvanized to keep away rust and prevent discoloration.

With regard to design, you have the option to choose between chain-link metal fencing or interlocking post and rail fencing. You may choose either one depending on your needs and preference. Chain link fences are commonly found around football fields, public pools, and baseball pitches. If you are installing a fence mostly for practical purposes, chain-link fences are affordable and easy to set up.

If you would like your fence to serve a decorative as well as a functional purpose, you may pay a little extra and have post and rail metal fencing installed. Costs vary in range depending on the thickness, spacing, and the overall appearance of the rails. Line posts and corner posts should be chosen with care. They vary according to joint shapes such as u-joint, y-joint, t-joint, or square-shaped. Each type supports various types of metal fencing and you may ask the help of a contractor to ensure the quality of your metal fencing.

Become an Electrician: It’s Recession Proof

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The US has been in a recession for years. Even though economists note that the official markers of a recession are over, we still haven’t seen any significant job growth as unemployment hovers around 9%. Although there is a significant unemployed workforce, there is still a high demand for qualified technicians that still goes unsatisfied. The electrician field is perhaps one of the most recession-proof technician jobs there are, and one can set his/her own schedule while fulfilling a much needed function.

Electricians Needed in Residential Settings

Electricians are needed for many reasons around the house. There are any number of electrical problems that can occur such as faulty wiring. 18.6% of house fires start from wires, outlet boxes, and the like, according to the Fire Safety Administration. Electricians are also needed to check houses that are put up for sale to make sure they are up to code. Keeping houses up to code are perhaps the most needed function for electricians in this country, and it is a well-paid and simple function to carry out, as well as being a much-needed function that keeps people safe when they make some of the largest purchases they will ever make in their lives.

Electricians Needed in Commercial Settings

Especially if you live in an urban setting, electricians are needed in large numbers to maintain large office complexes. Metropolitan areas have huge skyscrapers with hundreds of offices inside that are constantly in need of electrical upkeep. Electricians are also needed to approve new office builds. Offices are full of electronics these days, and so new builds require extensive wiring to accommodate today’s high-tech needs. Like in the residential areas, electricians are also needed to help appraise office areas and make sure they are up to code.

Offices aren’t the only area of commercial real-estate that is in need of the high-paid services of an electrician. Schools need help with wiring maintenance. Supermarkets need help from electricians to keep their coolers working at the high performance necessary to keep their produce fresh. Electricians are also needed to set up video displays in commercial settings (also known as digital signage) where information is displayed on LCD displays on campuses and office complexes.

Electricians Needed in Industrial Settings

Factory lines are perhaps the most demanding places in terms of electricity usage and safety issues. Electricians are needed to make sure that large industrial buildings are up to code and that the conditions are safe. Any problems can end in a fire and loss of employee lives, so the electrician holds a lot of responsibility, but is also paid well because of this. Factories employ electricians full time so that they always have someone on-site to handle any outages. Outages can result in hours of down-time which can cost a factory thousands of dollars in opportunity cost.

There is a diverse array of possibilities for electricians, and this area of our workforce shows no signs of disappearing or shrinking. If anything, we will continue to need the services of electricians more and more in the years to come. The strange irony about this recession is that there are a lot of people out of jobs, but there are so many opportunities for people that are simply trained in the right skills, and the electrician field is definitely one of those.

How to Design a Roof – The Best Rafter Tail Detail

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If you’re looking for information on “how to design a roof”, you probably know that a “rafter tail” is the end of the rafter that overhangs the wall. What you may not know is that the design you choose can determine whether you have a leaky roof edge or not. If you’re going to attach a fascia board, you basically have two choices…

How to Design a Roof — Plumb Cut Rafter Tails

Plumb cut rafter tails have a vertical fascia board. That’s handy for installing gutters because the back side of most gutters is also vertical. But without gutters, much of the water coming off the roof runs down the fascia, where it can rot the wood over time, especially at the joints.

But a far bigger problem is the angle of the fascia to the sloped roof. It varies with the slope of course, but standard drip edge comes with just one angle, which is 90 degrees. Of course the roofer could have custom drip edge fabricated, but more often than not, he “makes do” with the standard stuff, trying to bend it by hand on site to accommodate the angle.

The typical result is a drip edge that not only sticks out at an unsightly angle, but creates a little “dip” at the very edge of the roof. Water lays in the dip, coming in at the seams in the roofing. With the leaks coming through vinyl or aluminum soffits outside the house, they can go undetected for years, resulting in a significant amount of rotted wood.

How to Design a Roof — Square Cut Rafter Tails

Square cut rafter tails are perpendicular to the rafter. That slopes them down and away from the drip edge. I’m not a big gutter fan, but if you want them, brackets are available to provide a plumb mounting surface. And when gutters aren’t used, water can run off the drip edge without ever touching the fascia board.

But the biggest advantage with square cut rafter tails is they accommodate standard 90 degree drip edge perfectly. The face of the metal is flush up against the fascia board and the flange lies flat on the roof, just like it should. That makes it easier for the tradesman to do a good job, which is an important principle when learning how to design a roof or anything else.

Should You Start Your Own Electrician Business? – Pros and Cons

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Just about anyone would love to start their own business. The thought of being able to call the shots and work on your own really sounds great on the surface, but becoming an electrician is a far more difficult task than most people think. It takes years of dedication and learning to become licensed and to become a credible business is a whole other struggle.

Here are the Pros of why you should start you own electrician business:

• Potential Income – Electricians can make anywhere from $40 – $100 dollars an hour and the electrician business is one of the fastest growing businesses in the United States. For you this means there is going to be plenty of money to make if you can become licensed and insured.

• Self Employed – The great thing about become an electrician is the fact you can run your own business with your own rules. You can work from your home or office as long as you have all the materials needed to perform services.

• Tax Benefits – There are a lot of tax benefits of running your own business. The government will literally give you money for start-up costs. The schooling you need will be costly and the government will help out with a portion of that as well.

Here are the Cons of why you shouldn’t start you own electrician business:

• Apprenticeship – It takes years of being an apprentice to a licensed electrician to be able to become one of your own. Some people just don’t have the drive to make it through the years of schooling and apprenticeship that it takes to become licensed in this business.

• Dangerous – Electricians have the possibility of being electrocuted and killed if the right voltage is discharged. There are stories all over the internet about electricians accidentally getting hurt or even worse, killed on jobs where something went wrong. This is a very dangerous job that has high risks of injury. Keep this in mind if you have children or people that rely on you on a regular basis.

• Competition – The competition is this field is high but if you are licensed and insured, you will set yourself apart from a high percentage of the electricians marketing themselves online or on Craigslist. Most of the electricians that you will find on Craigslist, might say they are licensed but they really aren’t. I suggest that when you get your license, you display it on your ads and website, so people know that you are licensed and insured right away.

Becoming an electrician is not an easy task but if you stay motivated, finish your schooling and apprenticeship, and get licensed and insured, it is very likely that you can become successful in this business.

Sugarloaf Mountain – 5 Facts You Didn’t Know

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Sugarloaf Mountain is an eye-catching landmark that overlooks Rio de Janeiro and sits at the entrance to Guanabara Bay in southeastern Brazil. It is called Pao de Acucar in Portuguese, and it’s named for its special form that looks like a classic form of refined sugar used in the 19th century. A tall granite cone having a circular top, it reaches up some 1,299 ft. Here are five fascinating details about this magnificent natural piece of art in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil:

Rock Climbing – Sugar Loaf Mountain is one of the largest and most well-liked urban rock climbing destinations across the world. There are 270 various routes to discover while you climb high above the Atlantic Ocean and Rio de Janeiro. You can go for it yourself, or simply watch other adventurers conquer the iconic mountain.

Neighboring Mountains – It’s not the one special landmark in the region. Its neighbors add to the splendor of the entire peninsula. Morro de Babilonia, or Babylon Mountain and Morro de Urca, or Urca’s mountain are two neighboring all-natural wonders. These two mountains are also available for the public to visit and open to rock climbers as well. Morro de Urca provides a place for youngsters to play as well as a restaurant that serves up great Brazilian dishes.

Hollywood Star – Sugar Loaf Mountain has also been seen in Hollywood blockbusters. The beauty of the area makes it great for the big screen. Pao de Acucar created its debut on screen with the 1942 film “Now, Voyager” with Bette Davis. It has also been featured in a James Bond movie, “Moonraker” in 1979 exactly where one of the scenes took place in a cable car. It has even been referenced one the well-liked cartoon sitcom, “The Simpsons.”

Guanabara Bay – Historic Guanabara Bay stretches in front of Sugar Loaf Mountain. Translated as “the bosom with the sea”, it has been a place for many fortifications built by the colonial government in the 16th century. Guanabara actually has more than 130 islands and is surrounded by beautiful scenery that you are able to see from way above while you tour the mountain.

Amazing Cable Auto Trip – Two cable vehicles take visitors to the summit where they are able take in the stunning views of Rio de Janeiro from the peak which is 1,296 ft high. The cable cars are enclosed by glass panels. As you start to go up to the top, you’ll be able to enjoy the breathtaking views unfolding below you. Since Sugarloaf Mountain sits on a peninsula that stretches into the Atlantic Ocean it offers a distinctive combination of a bustling metropolis, a tranquil bay, as well as a sparkling ocean. You’ll love the view at the top but the ride there will likely be just as pleasant.

Brazil is known for its gorgeous landscape and lively ambiance. Sugarloaf Mountain, overlooking the famous Rio de Janeiro isn’t any exception. Travelers from all over the world are drawn to this gorgeous landmark every year and it continues to become one of one of the most visited locations in Brazil.

14 Free Things To Do In Branson Missouri (And Still Have Fun!)

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In beautiful Branson, Missouri, there are plenty of things to see and do. Even better, there are plenty of FREE things to do in Branson that are fun and interesting for the whole family Branson’s great variety of outdoor fun, unique attractions and interesting history make it the perfect place to discover a great vacation! The FREE activities in Branson make it an even better place to visit, no matter what time of year it is!

The rolling Ozark Mountains make Branson a beautiful, scenic outdoor wonderland Therefore, there are several ways to have fun in Branson that involve the great outdoors Branson’s three gorgeous lakes provide great opportunities for recreation, both exciting and leisurely

  1. Table Rock Lake Dam: This massive engineering structure was completed in 1958 and created Table Rock Lake. Crowds gather to watch the powerful structure hold back the waters of the White River.
  2. Table Rock Lake: The waters of this outdoor wonderland have become a haven for visitors nationwide Take advantage of water activities such as boating, fishing, water-skiing, swimming, scuba diving, hiking and camping
  3. Shepherd of the Hills Fish Hatchery: One of Branson’s most popular tourist sites, the fish hatchery is located below Table Rock Dam The center has several beautiful aquariums showcasing Missouri’s native fish Families love to walk through the fish hatchery and learn more about the world around them Self-guided and conducted tours are available.

  4. Moonshine Beach: Moonshine Beach is a great place to relax with the family. The sandy beach located on Table Rock Lake allows families to swim, sun and enjoy beautiful views.

  5. Table Rock State Park: Located on the shores of Table Rock Lake, the park is ideal water activities and is outfitted with a marina, boat rentals, campsites and picnic areas.

  6. Lake Taneycomo: This downtown Branson lake is a fishing enthusiasts dream! Other activities in and around this like include boating, hiking, scuba diving, and picnicking

    Other FREE outdoor activities in Branson Missouri include incredible scenic views, hiking, camping and wonderful exploration opportunities.

  7. Henning State Forest: This 1,534 acre-park offers spectacular views, nature trails and nature studies There is a naturalist on hand to answer questions and a beautiful scenic lookout area that provides an incredible view of the countryside
  8. Lakeside Wilderness Area: Lakeside provides a great trail that leads to the shores of Lake Taneycomo. A surprising remote area that reveals the gem that is Branson’s beautiful outdoors

    There are more free things to do in Branson Mo too!

  9. Stone Hill Winery: Experience a sparkling tour of wine making on this free tour, which ends with some fine wine tasting Kids receive grape juice.
  10. College of the Ozarks: This picturesque campus is complete with lovely landscaping, fountains and walking paths Visitors will also want to experience the Keeter Center Restaurant, the free tours at Edwards Mill and the Ralph Foster Museum, which houses the area’s best collection of Ozarks history. (Slight fee for museum admission.)

  11. Shopping in Branson: Branson is a great place to shop and it doesn’t cost a thing to look! Explore the many outlet malls and the new addition to the Branson scene, Branson Landing.

  12. Branson Landing: The Landing has a beautiful boardwalk visitors can stroll while enjoying scenic views and the Lake Taneycomo

  13. Historic Downtown Branson: A small-town, charming glimpse into historic Branson This popular area is filled with shops, restaurants and quaint stores filled with treasures

  14. Free Sunday Shows in Branson: Several Branson theaters open their doors Sunday morning for gospel singing and praising

A vacation in Branson Missouri is an experience of a lifetime. Visit today and discover some of Branson’s most enjoyable activities are free, fun and unforgettable!

The Importance of Using an Experienced Plumber

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Plumbers, plumbing companies, and plumbing contractors come in all shapes and sizes. Some plumbers are brand new to the scene but are still high-quality professionals. Other plumbers have been around for 20 years, but not because they provide great service. Other companies have been around for quite a good portion of time, and are very reputable within your community. The trick is weeding through all of the sub par companies in order to find a plumbing contractor that is worth paying to come out to your home.

There are many benefits to having an experienced plumber working for you as opposed to an inexperienced plumber:

Quality of Equipment- In most cases, plumbing equipment is very expensive! Think about it, if the equipment wasn’t expensive, then every household would have it, and therefore there’d be no reason for plumbers in the first place.

Reliability of Project Completion- Newbie plumbing companies have not had the opportunity to see the wide array of plumbing issues that can go wrong in a household, and if they have seen the issues, they haven’t seen them very many times. The nice thing about having an experienced plumber at your home, is that they have seen the issue that you are dealing with time and time again, so they automatically know what needs to be done in order to properly fix your problem. And since they have fixed the problem so many times before, you can also have faith in the fact that once they are done working on your pipes, you will not be needing them and calling them again to come back and redo something that they might have missed or forgotten.

Cleanliness of Technicians- Another thing that often comes with an experienced plumber is the proper processes and procedures that keep your home safe and clean when you invite them in. Newbie plumbing companies or random people who know how to work on plumbing issues will not have procedures in place like the more experienced companies, and so your home might be left in disarray after their departure.

To conclude, it is easy to see that hiring an inexperienced contractor for your plumbing needs is a risk that is unnecessary for you to take. There are plenty of plumbers out there who are experienced enough to provide you with the quality that you want at a price that you deserve. So just do a small amount of research before you hire someone, and you’ll surely see the benefits in the long run.

Plumbing Livermore: Drain Pipe Repair Services

According to Plumbing Livermore Licensed local plumbers provide various sorts of plumbers for residential houses and commercial companies. One sort of service that’s provided by Plumbing Livermore plumbers is drain pipe repair services. Issues with the drain and drainpipes are typical because you will find numerous issues that can be cultivated using the drain pipe and it is components.
You will find numerous issues that can be cultivated having a drain pipe which makes it essential to call a plumber. For example, with time, drainpipes may become worn or broken that will need a repair or alternative. Additionally, drains may become blocked and just an expert can obvious it, a pipe can burst, there might be a necessity to upgrade pipes because of esthetic reasons in order to meet building codes. Too, sometimes incorrect products is going to be put lower a drain which in turn causes damage or perhaps a blockage which will have to be removed and fixed.
You will find quantity of signs which will indicate that it’s time to call a Livermore Plumbing. You need to call a plumber should you uncover the next: there’s an obstruction within the drain line that you’re not able to get rid of, the bathroom. won’t stop eliminating, water within the toilet is slow to empty, you’ve got a major leak, there’s leakage from the drain pipe, the carburetor isn’t running correctly, water pressure is low, there’s a sewer smelly odor from the drain, and you will find leaks around a plumbing fixture or from the wall or ceiling.

When there’s an issue with the drain and drainpipes, you should get in touch with an expert plumber just because a plumber has got the expertise to identify an issue and make the right repair. Plumbing Livermore plumber can examine the drain lines to look for the supply of the issue utilizing a camcorder device that’s sent with the drain pipe. If the issue is a difficult blockage, a plumber has got the items and tools to obvious the clog. Local plumbers also provide sophisticated equipment to provide the drain lines an intensive cleaning.
For those who have damaged or broken drainpipes, a plumber has got the equipment and tools required to result in the repair or replace the drain pipe. The drainpipes tell you you’re building so you should come with an expert who is able to stick to the network and examine all the components, pipes, and connections. A plumber can locate the origin of what’s leading to the issue making the repair.
Drainpipes are a significant part from the water system. It is necessary for home owners and companies to help keep the drain and every one of its components in good working condition to ensure that serious problems don’t develop. A plumber plays a huge role in water system maintenance and may provide tips about how to correctly keep up with the drain and drainpipes. A plumber may take proper care of all your plumbing needs so if you don’t presently possess a plumber, it might be time to discover a professional and licensed plumber for any system check-up before you have an urgent situation.



Source by mrdrain

Qualities Plumbers in Coral Springs Should Have

Imagine this scenario: As usual, you’re rushing to your 9-to-5 job. You tried to wash the dishes, but the faucet won’t produce water; you took a dump, but the flush handle won’t budge; and your forced air system is suddenly not taking in any air. These situations are frustrating, but a good Coral Springs plumber can remedy them.

Your plumbing system consists of your water supply, your heating system, and your drainage system. You can fix some plumbing problems by yourself, such as leaky faucets, clogged sinks and faulty flush systems. Others—like gas leaks, unusual toilet smells, and heating system problems—are best left to a professional. To make the most of a plumber’s services, look for the following when you interview your prospective plumbers.

Competence. Study your plumbing problems carefully, and ask your plumber as many questions about the problem as you can. If the plumber can answer most of your questions satisfactorily and with confidence, you’ve probably found a good one. You can confirm the plumber’s ability with previous customers; choose a plumber who’s worked with a family member or friend, so that gathering referrals is easier.

Technical Qualification. Your plumber should have sufficient education for his job. He must also be licensed according to Coral Springs laws; check the city’s yellow pages for plumber licensing agencies, and verify with them. Ideally, a plumber’s experience is directly proportional to his competence; for instance, he may have handled unusual plumbing problems not taught in plumbing school.

Warranty and Insurance. The plumber Coral Springs FL residents trust is humble enough to admit that his work may not be permanent. A warranty assures you that you get what you’re paying for, and that your plumber is not a one-hit wonder. Likewise, if a plumber is insured, you don’t need worry about medical expenses if the plumber is involved in a work-related accident. Even if it turns out that the plumber can’t do the job well, the warranty and insurance should keep your expenses to a minimum.

Professionalism. This is arguably tied with competence as the most important trait plumbers in Coral Springs should have. If your plumber shows up on time for work, is generally courteous, and makes an effort to perform the best job he can, he’s a good candidate. You should feel comfortable with someone who’s going to work in one of your home’s most intimate places.

Your plumber should have the skills, technical qualification, and attitude to do the job well. Don’t leave the plumbing Coral Springs FL houses have in less-than-capable hands. For more information, read wikihow.com/Find-a-Good-Plumber.



Source by Bibi Karpel

Mean Green-the Hand Cleaner That Removes Anything

MEAN GREEN Power Hand Scrub is what made us Famous! It is unlike any Hand Cleaner you have ever seen in your whole life. It’s not waterless, it works with water, it works under an entirely different principle of cleansing skin. It has no solvents and no caustic chemicals like other hand cleaners. It uses a unique complex that reaches out and evnelops the dirt microscopically and binds it into the formula and when you rinse your hands at the sink….it will even clean the sink.

It will take off anything!

No qualification here. We have simply been unable to find anything the working person gets his hands into that MEAN GREEN Hand Scrub can’t remove. Tar, asphalt, grease, oil, bondo, glue, adhesives, paint (wet or dry), printers ink (this is what it was invented for), etc… This makes it sound like it is a really harsh industrial hand cleaner loaded with solvents — NOT SO!

MEAN GREEN will actually help your hands heal!

MEAN GREEN Hand Scrub exactly how you see it, is presently being sold to cosmetic companies in bulk to be repackaged into fancy little bottles and then sold by fashion boutiques as a Ladies Face Scrub! There are absolutely NO petroleum solvents of any kind in the formula. Don’t be fooled by other hand cleaner companies that claim “petroleum solvent free”. All they do is substitute harsh D’Limonene (turpentine made from orange peels) or “mineral spirits” or some other harsh solvents which are terrible for your hands.

It is the cheapest hand cleaner you will ever love!

MEAN GREEN Hand Scrub is so concentrated, you will get 300 hand washes per pound! That works out to about 2 cents per wash. SAVE up to 58% compared to waterless. GoJo, DL, Loyal and all “other WATERLESS” hand cleaners cost you from 8 to 12 cents per wash. Whoa, you say, won’t I waste MEAN GREEN Hand Scrub? Simple, MEAN GREEN is so concentrated that if you try to use too much, you will spend quite a while trying to get it off your hands, thus defeating the purpose of waste. MEAN GREEN Hand Scrub is the only self regulating hand cleaner on the market!

Please contact me for more information or how you can get a FREE SAMPLE of this amazing Hand
Cleaner.

Testimonial:
“Steve,
Thank you for you help with Mean Green hand cleaner. My technicians are very pleased with the performance of the cleaner and how easy it is on their hands since they scrub their hands on the average of 10 times per day. The fact that Mean Green does not have any solvents is the best reason to use this cleaner since it does not have any proven long term effects.
I feel confident that Mean Green is the best hand cleaner for my shop and the health of my technicians.
Thanks again Steve!
Sincerely,
Eric Lang
Owner
Christian Bros. Automotive-Warwick
405.720.1200
http://www.cbawarwick.com “

Recently, Eric ran out of his hand cleaner and we stopped by the take him a small tub to tide him over until his new shipment arrived. He said that he had pulled out some of the old stash of Gojo and his guys lined up in front of his desk wanting to know if they were going back to that ‘stuff’….it was their contention that nothing works like Mean Green Tough Hand Cleaner nor is as gentle! No way do they want to go back. He was very grateful for the tub we brought by.

….Others, “One of our mechanics left and took our tub of Mean Green Tough Hand Cleaner with him, we need to re-order now!”

….”I’m at a new shop and they are using that orange stuff, can you stop by, I want to get them started using Mean Green Tough Hand Cleaner.”

….”The owners took the Mean Green Tough Hand Cleaner to their new shop, could you bring us samples while we wait for our order”..

…”As an independent plumber, I never felt my hands were clean. This hand cleaner truly makes them feel clean, and my wife is happy. With a little nail scrubber and some Mean Green I can come to the dinner table without worrying.”

It is without a doubt the best hand cleaner ever!

Testimonial-Mean Green Hand Cleaner

The stuff works great Steve. I’ve been doing some repairs around the apt. and I used it to remove some epoxy sealent that got on my hands, pretty good stuff.
Thanks again,

john



Source by Steve Kolesar

Which Carpet Washer? Try the Dual V……………..

If you want trustworthy buying advice then a good place to look is Which? magazine, with its independent reviews of everything from ice-cream makers to burglar alarms. The September 2008 issue focuses on carpet cleaning products with in-depth tests of a number of carpet washers, including the new Vax V-124 Dual V. As one of the highest scoring washers in the tests, the Dual V is recommended as a Which? ‘Best Buy’.

The tests cover sixteen domestic carpet washers that are scored on criteria such as tools and accessories, as well as cleaning and drying performance. According to Which?, their ‘Best Buy’ carpet washers “wash brilliantly and suck up a lot of the water used for cleaning, so your carpets dry quickly.”

Washing carpets effectively then having them dry again within just a few hours is a major advantage of the Dual V, which is one of the first of a new generation of Vax carpet washers with the following technologies:

  • Dual VTM Air Path

Delivers consistent suction across the width of the floor nozzle to suck up more dirty water.

  • Heated Cleaning

Heat generated by the machine assists the cleaning process and speeds up drying time.

  • SpinScrubTM Brushes

Five rotating SpinScrub brushes on the floor head clean deep into the carpet pile to remove embedded dirt. A powered SpinScrub handtool attaches to the hose for the same great cleaning performance on stairs and upholstery.

The result is market leading cleaning and drying performance at a great price, making the Dual V a clear ‘Best Buy’.

Need To Wash Hard Floors Too?

Also in Vax’s new heated cleaning range, the V-125 All Terrain isscored highly in the Which? report, placed fourth out of sixteen. The All Terrain has the same features as the Dual V but also washes hard floors, so is ideal for households with a mixture of floor types.

To ensure peace of mind, both the Dual V and All Terrain have a 6-year parts and labour guarantee and a UK based helpline, with trained Customer Service Advisors available to help 7 days a week. They are widely available through major retailers, but if you don’t want to spend time and money getting to the shops and back, you can buy your new washer online at the Vax website and have it delivered direct to your door – the ultimate in convenience.



Source by ANOTHER

Reviews And Research On Welding Helmets

So what are the top welding helmets around? The truth of the matter is that there are a lot of welding helmets that can be used but only a few of those helmets are good quality. There are helmets out there that can cost you around $20 dollars but they will only last you about 2 or 3 months. However, if you research and review other more expensive welding helmets you will come to find that in the long run they are very well worth the price. Here are some of the welding helmets that were reviewed.

Sperian Optrel Satellite Auto Darkening Welding Helmet

This is one of the most versatile helmets on the market and with the push of a button you can do almost anything. You can simply push a button and activate the shade for grinding mode without having to remove your helmet. Depending on your personal preference, you can also change all of the shading procedures. The shade control knob changes settings from 5-9 or 9-13. This helmet is top of the line and will come in handy for almost any type of welding not including laser or plasma welding.

US Forge 88124 Easy Strike Auto Dark Helmet

This helmet is also a little pricey but the rewards are great as it offers lasting features and precise welding. With this helmet your MIG, TIG, and ARC welding will be a breeze as this is what it specializes in. If you want shade control then the US Forge welding helmet offers it to you. Control the shade to the type of welding setting that you are in or the type of job you are doing. The helmet also offers automatic power on and off with a timed delay option that is controlled by you.

As you can see, these are just a few of the many types of welding helmets that are out there. When looking for welding helmets always be sure to choose the ones that will last you a lifetime.



Source by Luis Eduardo

Amana Heat Pumps – the Global Leader in Heat Pumps


Amana heat pumps have been a trusted name under the category of heat pumps for many generations. These days, anyone related to the grandeur brand name is undertaking great pride to be a part of it, the history and for the dedicated clientele it owns.

The brand is a paragon of reliability, supreme quality, durability and par excellence performance. No wonder Amana heat pumps and cooling systems have become a household name and integral part of almost every house and business in the United States.

Amana heat pumps are experts in providing cooling as well as heating benefits via a single system. You can easily opt for an optimum system for your home or office as per your specific requirements. This is possible because they have focused on offering a full live of heat pump system to it’s’ clients.

This is not all. The state-of-art line of Amana heat pumps is efficacious in providing you the best warranty protection facilities that is available in the cooling and heating industry.

The brand also has a solution for people who are conscious of energy efficiency savings. They can opt for a heat pump system that is equipped with highest HSPF and SEER ratings.

It would not be wrong to mention that Amana heat pumps are a global reader in the heating and cooling industry. The brand name has been consistently emphasizing on providing super efficient and completely reliable heat pump units to people with a promise of unbelievable quality, supreme comfort and exceptional performance for both home and offices.

It has been more than a century that Amana heat pumps has established itself as the best manufacture for home and office heat pumps.

They are a pure American company and already created a niche for itself as a respected name amongst most of the eminent HVAC organizations across the globe. The readiness to in corporate innovation and reliability has won Amana heat pump, a reputable position in the industry worldwide.

You can easily opt, from a wide range of Amana heat pumps for you home and office. Here are some of the available choices:

  • Amana PHD 13 SEER packaged heat pump: This variety is widely known for its excellent heating providence all year round. You would also get superb cooling comport via these systems. The system features supreme efficiently Copeland scroll compressor. This lets you enjoy a huge cut down on your power bills for a lifetime. The beast part is that the system is fully equipped with sound blankets that promise sound free operation.

  • Amman distinctions CPLT heat pump: This CPLT heat pump comes with an eye catering louvered metal guard that works towards providing best of protection to the coil from a kind of damage and provides strength to the unit. These Amana heat pumps have been specifically designed for ground level. This can be also used for roof top mount. The base pan helps in elevating the whole unit just above the slab to provide the best of water drainage. The heat pump enjoys greater durability and enhanced UV protection.



Source by David Karlson

Locating and Fixing Leaks

Leaking joints or leaking pipes are the common plumbing problems which you can solve yourself.

Locating the Leak

Before you start to look out for solution, first locate the leak – the source of problem. It is always the leak where you see a puddle of water or dripping off water. It may be somewhere high in the plumbing configuration. For instance leak may be present in the drainpipe of the overhead sink and you get a puddle in the basement. To locate the leak, try to hear the sound of water to reach the source. A listen device may help you here as it amplifies the sound. If the water is dripping from the ceiling or staining it, the source of leakage is above it. If you see a stained wall, then leakage is there in the section of the pipe. Sometimes it becomes difficult to trace the leak if there is no stain or dripping of water.

Fixing the Leak

After you have located the leak, turn off the water supply immediately, which is most important in case of major leakage. You can do it either at the main shut-off valve or the fixture shut-off valve. Now you may need to replace the damaged portion of the pipe. The chance is you may not be that experienced at plumbing job, so in that case, you need to call a plumber to do this. But until the pipe gets replaced, you can use temporary solution to stop small leaks. Remember, these solutions are for small leaks only.

Tighten the joint if the leak is at a joint. To temporarily stop the leakage, you can go for a pipe patch. You may purchase a patch kit for plumbing leaks from a hardware store. You can also make one at home using a piece of heavy rubber and hose clamp. You can also use a rubber pad and two plates which can be bolt together. Just place the piece of rubber over the leak in the pipe and tighten it placing metal plates over it. These metal plates compress the rubber. If the pipe is otherwise sound, this method can solve this leakage problem for long.

Another efficient but temporary solution is wrapping the waterproof tape over the leaking spot or you can close the leaking hole by rubbing the special compound. Other alternatives are inserting a self-tapping plug or applying epoxy tape. Before applying all these methods to fix the leaks, just make sure that pipe is dry.

For major leaks, only replacement of a pipe is the right solution. And it would be better if you don’t try to do it yourself.



Source by Jo Harris

Advantages of Laser Welding

In recent years, the use of laser beams in welding has steadily increased due to continuous demand for precised steel products in construction and other industrial purposes. Due to many of its advantages, the technology of laser welding is being used in a wide variety of applications in the metal fabrication industry. Many welding experts are now recognizing how efficient laser welding is when it comes to producing better quality fabricated metal products at better productivity and much lower cost.

One of the main advantages of laser welding is its versatility. It is applicable for combining welding steel structures or miniature electronic materials in excess of 1 inch thick. Laser beams are not used only for cutting thick steel plate, they are also capable of cutting other pieces of metal, from structural metal, pipe steels to aerospace components, with magnificent power ranging from hundreds of watts to 60 kilowatts. In fact, weld lines can be as narrow as 0.1mm (0.004 inch).

A typical laser welding equipment consists of a laser beam generator, beam-directing optics to transfer the beam to the work and focus it to the needed spot size and power density. It also has a workstation that normally contains a workpiece handling machine that may either feature automatic or manual loading and unloading. The sophistication of laser welding technology allows stainless steel, ferrous metals and even alloys to be joined themselves or each other.

Another advantage of fabricating metal with a laser is the capacity to engrave and cut at the same time. This means that better productivity, welding speed and accuracy in fabrication are achieved. Laser beams can also produce good-looking welds without post-processing. Many laser welding machines these days have the ability to create welds that are full penetrating and with improved material strength without undergoing any finishing operations.

Moreover, laser welding creates a low heat affected zone, hence causes minimal welding distortion in the metal. It is even safer than other forms of mechanical cutting such as router cut signs or saw cut signage. Working with laser beams doesn’t require physical contact and there’s no unsafe cutting edge which can become contaminated by the metal.



Source by Andrei Smith

Caring for Your Outback Bbq Grill


Most barbecue grills come assembled, but in order to clean it, you need to know how to dismantle just the grill, and make sure that the grill has already cooled down before you handle it.

You’ll need cleaning materials to wipe the grills with. Using a simple washcloth and some mild dishwashing soap, carefully clean off the residue left from grilling food over the Outback BBQ grill. Since most Outback BBQ grills are made of cast iron grills, use a brush that works for stainless steel grill bars, and a brass brush for porcelain coated grills. Using the right brush will effectively clean your Outback BBQ grill to ensure that there are no left over food from cooking. Cleaning the grills will prepare your Outback BBQ grill for the next use. After cleaning, use a thin coating of oil to grease the grill and keep it from developing any rusts and stains.

Over the years, people have developed different methods in cleaning their barbecue grills. You may use baking soda which is also a cleaning ingredient that you can find around your house, cooking oil, aluminium foil to wipe the surfaces and the grills, and newspaper which is also used to clean glass and porcelain surfaces. With Outback BBQ grills, you can also do these just in case you really want to preserve the quality of the grill and its accessories. It is recommended, however, to clean the grill regularly, especially every after use, so that you can prevent it from wearing out or spoiling the food you cook with your Outback BBQ griller.

If you are using a charcoal BBQ or gas BBQ grills, you may use newspapers to clean the grills. What some grill-owners do is to wet a piece of newspaper and put it on top of the grill after it has cooled off a bit, and put the rack lid down on it and wait for an hour. The paper from the newspaper will absorb any grease or grime left from the previous use.

Besides cleaning your Outback BBQ grill and accessories, you also have to regularly check on the condition of the burners. Whether you are using a charcoal BBQ grill or a gas BBQ grill, you need to disconnect the gas connection before handling the burner. Make sure that your grill is cool before removing it, then remove the lava rock as well. At the bottom you will find the burner and look to see if it has already become rusty. Rusty burners tend to decrease the quality of your Outback BBQ griller. You need to replace your rusted burner when you find that it has already worn out. Also, you should check that all light switches or electric switches are turning on as fast as they have when you first bought the barbecue grill. Otherwise, have them repaired by a professional electrical plumber.

Caring for your Outback BBQ griller will keep your grill working for a very long period of time. Considering that it has a 10-year warranty, take advantage of this privilege and become a diligent owner by regularly cleaning, checking your barbecue grill, and watching out for repairs.



Source by Muneeb Ahmed

Different Styles Toilet Seats

Understanding it is not often that we as a people stop to ponder the developments and technology that has happened to the world of toilet seats in the past few years, it might be interesting to do so. We really have come a long way in a few short years if we think that it was our grandparents that was the ones using a outhouse. Now we have a wide choice of styles, colors and designs to choose from, along with a few new electronic devices that has really moved the toilet seat into the modern era.

When the indoor bathrooms was developed, there was little choice. Today we do have a few different designs to pick from. The earliest style was the basic round toilet seat. Later the elongated toilet seat gave us something to consider. It of course looks better if the seat fits the type of toilet. The most inexpensive and the most basic type of the seat would be the plastic toilet seat. There is of curse upgrades for the seats. The soft toilet seats can be purchased with a various amount of filling to provide a soft cushion for the user. The raised toilet seat is designed to help some of the handicapped. It is hard for someone with lower back or leg problems to raised and lower their selves. The raised seat can help to ease some of the stress.

But the one area that has really changed is the place where modern technology has met the toilet seat. The heated toilet seat is one example of this. It is able in a room with an average temperature of around seventy degrees to keep the toilet seat twenty to twenty five degrees warmer. The manufactures have used great technology to make it safe for the electronics to be used so close to the water. And the design allows for most people to be able to install this product with out the need of a licensed plumber. But this was really just the beginning of where plumbing and electronics meet. The bidet toilet seat is now available for our use. Now we do not have to even clean ourselves. A bidet toilet seat that not only does the cleaning but also helps to save the forest and trees.

The toilet seats are pretty simple to change out so you can upgrade or even change the color of the seats. Using the toilet seat hinges you can add one of the electronic marvels of the plumbing industry or you can change from the regular white toilet seat to the bold look of the black toilet seat. Even a blue or pink toilet seat is available.



Source by Debra Atkins

Proper Welding Attire

Welding is a hazardous activity that poses safety and health risks if precautionary measures are not followed. One effective way of preventing accidents when working with welded materials is by wearing the proper welding attire.

For safety reasons, all welders must give utmost attention to protecting themselves. Welding, in the first place, is a serious undertaking. Anyone who works with metal is constantly exposed to serious hazards such as, among others, radiation, air contamination, fire and explosion and many others.

Welding or metal fabricating creates flying sparks and chipped slag, and emits intense visible light and invisible rays. To protect your eyes and skin from burns and other possible hazards, wear heat and flame-resistant attire. Helmet is one of the most important safety accessories to protect the eyes and head from different intensities of arc rays.

Most welding experts recommend the use of auto-darkening helmets due to its versatility. This type of welding helmet can be used to different welding processes such as MIG, Stick or TIG. Before you purchase one, check if it has the safety and protection compliance from the American National Standards Institute (ANSI).

When working with metal, don’t forget to button pockets and cuffs to avoid them from catching fire and sparks. Refrain from wearing shorts and t-shirts with short sleeves and open collars. These clothes are uncomfortable to wear and will leave you very susceptible to burns caused by sparks and arc rays.

As regards to welding footwear, the most recommended shoes and boots for welding are those that are made of high quality leather for they can withstand open flames and radiant heat without shrinking. Never wear cloth and synthetic shoes because they can easily catch a spark and smolder unnoticed. Their components can also abruptly melt and stick to your skin.

Wearing the proper gloves is also necessary when handling welded metals. Flame-resistant gloves will protect you from burns, sparks and heat from the workpiece. Always bear in mind that even a fast tack weld necessitates the use of a helmet and appropriate welding attire.

In order to prevent eye irritation caused by repeated exposure to radiation and intense rays, wearing safety glasses is also advised. Welder’s glasses and helmets these days usually come in different degrees of darkness depending on the welding job. This feature allows you to adjust shade setting to provide the most needed vision protection.



Source by Andrei Smith

Boiler Installation: What Are My Options?

When people buy a new boiler for their home, most of the times, they do not have much knowledge about the type of boiler and its installation. They mostly rely on the advice given by the boiler installers. A boiler is a major investment and also affects the lifetime fuel costs. When you are getting an old boiler replaced and a new boiler installed, you must get first hand information about the boilers. It helps you make the right choice for your home. Nowadays, householders can get a boiler installed which is fuel efficient and cost effective.

Let us learn about few important factors to be considered while getting a boiler installed in your home.

Considering the types of Boilers:

When you search about boilers, you will find out there are numerous types of boilers available in the market. You can choose from the main three kinds of the boilers namely regular, system and condensing. Out of these, condensing type of boilers are the most commonly installed. All the types have their own installation specifications, space requirements and particular type of plumbing. Various power options required for various types of boilers should match the requirements of your home environment. It is very crucial point, as if it is mismatched, it will increase the fuel costs in the long run.

Boiler Efficiency

Energy efficiency of a boiler is a major consideration. Manufacturers publish relative boiler efficiencies after testing them. If your old boiler is only 50% efficient and a new condensing boiler is giving you efficiency of above 90%, then yearly energy saving is huge.

Do not ignore Boiler Regulations

Boiler installation is regulated by various government regulations. Condensing boilers are the best when going for replacement. Gas Safe trained installers are the best people for the task. While installing, do not forget to check ventilation and see that flue is appropriately installed.

Get quotations

When you decide to buy a boiler, get quotes of various boilers. Compare their heating capacity, energy efficiency and needs of your home. Check the credentials of the installer and get a quote from him after he is thoroughly checked.

How to choose installer and supplier

Remember that deciding to perform serious works on your gas installation, which a boiler installation is, be sure that your installer is Gas Safe registered. This is a guarantee of safety for you and your family.

http://www.plumber-mayfair.co.uk



Source by Jo Harris

Discover Swimming Pool Safety Tips And Techniques

The swimming pool safety is a major determining factor in building a pool. Besides learning how to swim, and having someone who oversee people in the pool, it is equally important to have safety equipment installed within the pool area.

Relative to people’s needs and preferences, there is a wide selection of pool safety equipment. The pool fence is the major one. The ideal pool fencing height is four feet. It should also be free from hand and foot holds. Having a tall safety fence can prevent the kids from getting into pool area.

The pool fence must have a self-closing gate with automatic latch. If there are vertical slats, they should be four inches on center to make it impossible for kids to squeeze their heads through them. All swimming pool safety fences come in different style to fit the pool’s surroundings. Just make sure that it can hold a lock on its top portion so that the kids cannot reach it.

The pool fencing alone is not sufficient if the pools are located in the backyard. Houses that have doors leading into the pool area must have locks and pool alarms. Pool alarms come in different types and styles.

There are perimeter pool alarm projection beams, which are installed at the walls of the pool. This pool alarm gives off a sound, when people pass through it. The surface pool alarm is mounted to monitor any movements in the water.

Swimming pool safety alarms do not guarantee 100% security, since children can walk down the pool steps and not cause a water disturbance. The only alarm that can provide safety to children is a personal alarm. It is worn on a child’s wrist and produces sound whenever the child comes into contact with water from a pool or bathtub.

Reaching poles are another type of safety equipment. Depending on the size of the pool, reaching poles must be installed at regular intervals so swimmers can reach then when they need them.

Some households put safety ropes or lines as part of their swimming pool for safety measures. The function of safety lines is to draw a boundary to warn swimmers not to go beyond a certain point. The safety ropes come with floatable objects to keep them above the water. They are securely hooked at the edges of the pool.

Pool covers are also important safety equipment, and they are used to cover the pool’s surface. They are tightly harnessed across the pool, to prevent children from crawling under it. To choose the right pool cover, select the one that can hold the maximum weight capacity of two persons.

If there are children in the household, it is a good idea to have life jackets and ring buoys next to the pool. Get the lifejackets and ring buoys approved by the Coast Guard.

The first aid kits complete the swimming pool safety device. They should be constantly replenished. Anything that has expiration date should be replaced when it expires.



Source by Rss41

Add Value to Your Home: Refurbish Your Kitchen or Bathroom


TV’s Phil Spencer has recently been urging homeowners to “do everything they can” to improve the saleability of their properties saying that improvements to kitchens and bathrooms are among the best ways of selling houses.

A recent Lloyds TSB Tickbox.net and Opinion Matters survey found that 73% of people in Greater London claim that installing a new kitchen is the best way of adding value to a property.
  
The Lloyds TSB poll showed that a high percentage of people thought that an energy efficient boiler was the environmentally friendly home improvement that added most value to a property.

In a Telegraph feature earlier in 2008, ’50 ways to improve your home’, upgrading your existing kitchen was at number 19 whilst ‘banishing broken bathrooms’ came in at number 20.

There are many things that can be done to improve the saleability of your home and increase its value where kitchens and bathrooms are concerned. Here are just a few ideas:

  1. Fit a spacious walk in shower – far more convenient and practical than an over-bath shower.
  2. Install under floor heating in a bathroom – this will remove the need for unsightly radiators thus saving space and creating a far more seamless design. What’s more, under floor heating is far healthier as the heat is more evenly distributed throughout the room rather than staying at head height, and it also keeps nasty things like mould and damp at bay.
  3. Update your kitchen so that it includes built in modern conveniences – this will really make an impact on potential buyers because it’s a job they won’t have to do themselves.
  4. A modern eco friendly condensing boiler will help tip the scales in your favour when selling a property because potential buyers will be able to enjoy the benefits of reduced fuel bills and increased energy efficiency.
  5. Consider the installation of a solar hot water heating system which will offer considerable savings on fuel bills for your potential buyers.
  6. If space allows, add a downstairs cloakroom. Modern WCs and basins come in the most compact of sizes and it is relatively straightforward to liberate some space and transform it into a very convenient feature.
  7. If your bathroom does not need a complete overhaul but could do with a little ‘something’ then go for some new taps. Choosing attractive taps from a high quality range will miraculously transform the look of any bathroom, and it should be a relatively low cost exercise in terms of your potential return.

If you are looking to improve the saleability of your property then a good place to start is by talking to your plumber who will be able to give you sound advice on your heating system options and energy efficiency for starters. A good plumber will work with reputable kitchen fitters and other professional craftsmen to provide a complete service and overall they will be able to provide you with space-saving and energy efficient solutions.



Source by Ivor Bates

Roof gutter maintenance necessary

Roof gutters carry rain water and melted snow off the roof without causing streaks and stains on outside shingles or siding; they prevent flooding of basements; they eliminate severe washouts of foundation plantings and nearby lawn areas.

As water pours off the roof it runs along the gutter until it flows through the downspouts and vertical leader pipes. If the system is properly set up, the water is disposed of through underground pipes to a dry well, or emptied onto splash pans or other devices that disperse the water over the ground several feet away from the foundation of the house.

Gutters perform these functions only if they are clean and in good repair. That is why they should be inspected at least twice a year – once in the early spring and again late in the fall. This is especially true in wooded areas.

To climb up and inspect them, you will need an extension ladder tall enough to reach at least 12 inches above the rim of the gutter. Pick a dry day with little or no w To remove leaves from inside the gutters use an old paintbrush at least 3 inches wide, or an old whisk broom to sweep them into a heap, then scoop them out with a garden trowel. You can also do the job with a long-hosed shop vacuum (extension hoses are available at hardware stores) – long enough so you can leave the vacuum on the ground while you carry the end of the hose up with you. Do not wash the leaves down into the vertical downspouts, because this could cause them to clog.

If downspouts or vertical leader pipes are blocked, try to clear them by poking a long plumber’s snake or drain auger through them. If possible, work the snake into the downspout from the bottom up; this will minimize the likelihood of packing in the blockage more firmly. If the bottom end of the vertical leader is attached to a pipe that goes underground, try to separate one of the joints above this to get at the clog.

Where leaves and other windblown debris are a frequent problem, it’s best to protect the gutters by either pushing a wire leaf catcher into each downspout opening, or by installing mesh gutter guards that cover the entire length of each gutter.

Mesh-type gutter guards are far more effective. Made in metal and plastic, they come in long strips that are a little wider than the gutter. Most are designed so the inside edge slides up under the bottom row of roof shingles. On some, the outside edge is secured to the outside rim of the gutter with clips or brackets that snap on; on others the outer edge of the mesh slips inside or under the rim of the gutter.

It is a good idea to check for loose or sagging sections that keep gutters from draining properly or that cause them to overflow in heavy rain. Gutters should slope slightly toward the downspout opening – a minimum of 1 inch for each 10 feet of length. On very long runs, the gutter may slope in two directions from the center, toward a downspout at each end of the run.

You can ascertain that gutters are sloping properly by running water into them with a garden hose. Direct the stream up onto the roof, then watch the water as it runs off. The gutters should drain quickly and there should be no sections where pools collect; if there are, it could be that one or more hanger brackets is loose or missing, or because brackets have been bent out of shape.

One type bracket clips on over the outside of the gutter and has a strap nailed up under the roof shingles.

Another type of gutter support consists of a heavy spike that goes through the gutter rim, through a metal tube or ferrule inside the gutter, then through the back of the gutter into the facia board behind the gutter. Sometimes these spikes work loose or bend downward. If this is the case, remove it completely and install a new one a few inches to either side of the original one. Fill the remaining holes with caulking compound.

Leaky seams and joints in metal or plastic gutters can be repaired by sealing with silicone-rubber caulking compound. If possible, take the joint apart and apply the compound inside the seam before reassembling. Where this is impractical, clean the surfaces thoroughly, then apply a liberal coat of the silicone on the inside of the gutter. Force the compound down into the seam, then smooth it to eliminate ridges that might interfere with water flowing past.

Rusted sections in metal gutters, and rotted sections in wood gutters should also be repaired from the inside. Clean the surfaces first, then apply a heavy coat of asphalt roofing cement. Over this press a sheet of heavyweight aluminum kitchen foil, then spread another coat of the same roof cement over the foil, carrying it out past the edges of the foil to cover it completely. Smooth the cement with a small trowel to avoid creating a ridge that could interfere with smooth drainage of water.



Source by Amix

Convert An Ordinary Bathtub Into A Whirlpool Bathtub

The effect of hydrotherapy in easing various minor body pains is well known and accepted.

Many people go to the trouble of regularly visiting spas because of the reinvigorated feeling after just a 10 minute session. In hydrotherapy, the buoyancy of the swirling water, the water temperature and the pressurized water from the jets combine to ease the tired muscles and body pains.

Xaviera Arata Editor of the  Hot Tubs For Sale  website — http://www.HotTubsForSale.me — pointed out;

“…Making time to visit spas is an admirable health habit but there are people who for various reasons just don’t have the time. Some good advice to get the benefits of a whirlpool spa is to convert the ordinary bath tub at home into a whirlpool bathtub…” Added Xaviera Arata

This would be very convenient for the users since there shall be no need to go out and visit a spa.

Before buying the needed parts and accessories to convert the ordinary bath tub into a whirlpool spa, make sure to check that there is no need to move the bath tub from its present spot. Take measurements to be sure that there will be enough space.

There are whirlpool jet systems for any bath tub, like fiberglass, acrylic, marble, even steel or cast iron.

A whirlpool bath tub has a motorized circulation system where air and water are sprayed through four to eight jets for an active massaging action. To convert the ordinary tub to a whirlpool bath tub, the appropriate capacity of a water pump and hydro jets must be added. The tools and parts needed to convert an ordinary bathtub into a whirlpool bath tub are available at many retailers and can be done by the bath tub owner.

Another accessory to be added is the water heater, to maintain the water temperature to be ready to use at any time needed. The warmth of the water is a major factor in the healing effects of the whirlpool.

There are accessory retailers who sells a complete set. An advantage is that there is less confusion since all the needed parts are picked out as part of a kit.  A disadvantage is that the bath tub owner may pay for parts that they already have.

“…The conversion of an ordinary bathtub into a whirlpool spa is worth serious consideration since it is to the benefit of the owner to regularly avail of the healing effects of a whirlpool spa…” Added Xaviera Arata

Further information, resources and unbiased reviews of the best hot tubs for sale by clicking: http://www.HotTubsForSale.me



Source by Xaviera Arata

Choosing a Towel Warmer for your Bathroom

Heated towel rails are the modern equivalent of creating a focal point in a bathroom. They are both practical and stylish, offering a place to store and warm your towels, as well as creating a design feature for your bathroom. Designs derive from sleek polished chrome with sweeping curves, sharp geometric lines or three dimensional models and blend together creativity with exceptional design.
Towel warmers, or radiators, are available in a variety of styles to suit your bathroom styling. Gone are the days where a towel warmer is a standard, boring necessity in your bathroom, and here are a range of modish radiators which will add an element of class to your bathroom. Due to the increased surface area a heated towel rail creates over a conventional radiator, they are also more efficient and environmentally friendly.
Hudson Reed are the leading manufacturer of brassware and have a huge range of high quality items, ensuring that your bathroom products are a real investment for the future and built to last. Plus, there is no reason why if you move house you cannot take your beautiful towel warmers with you, to form a chic addition to your new bathroom. Their broad selection of contemporary heated towel rails unites style and striking modern designs to complement your individual flare and make a unique statement about your bathroom d?r.
The selection of designer towel warmers from Hudson Reed are the epitome of modern elegance. They have innovative styling that creates a statement in its own right, whilst retaining efficiency and functionality. Their designer towel rails come in a variety of sizes and shapes to suit every taste and preference, and will turn your bathroom in to a luxuriously warm environment. Models include tube on tube, circular, grid and flat construction. To fit your designer Hudson Reed towel rail, their minimalist radiator valves offer a discreet solution and are supplied in pairs.
At the other end of the scale, Hudson Reed Traditional Towel Warmers are full of the ambience of yesteryear. Their fabrication will highlight and be sympathetic to other traditional features in your bathroom, creating a habitual haven with undertones of contemporary features. Most towel warmers in their range are available in either chrome or gold, allowing you to match them to other brassware in your bathroom. To fit your traditionally-styled radiator, Hudson Reed have traditional radiator valves, supplied in pairs to tie in with the design elements of the heated rail.
Bathroom radiators’ power is measured in BTU. BTU is the standard means of measuring output powers in a heated towel rail, and stands for British Thermal Units. Radiators are also shown in watts, the conversion of one to another equates to 1 BTU measuring 3.412 watts. For more information on the best BTU for your bathroom, consider the size of the room to heat, a smaller room will require a smaller BTU, or consult your plumber for advice.
When updating the heated towel rail in your bathroom, it is important to replace the valves also, and ensure that they match the design, colour and fitting of your new radiator. Valves, like taps, are available with different designs of handles, which can be chosen to mimic the design of your taps and shower handles. They are also available in either a straight or angled fitting, which will dependant on the style of radiator that you choose. Also, radiator valves are available in wither a traditional on/off mechanism, or a thermostatic one, which allows you to choose the level of heat emitting from them, and can be altered in accordance with your central heating system and seasonal changes.
Heated towel rails can also create a means of securing other radiators in your house from thermostatic inefficiencies and costly surges. If you choose a radiator without a thermostatic valve, if the heating system malfunctions, this can create a means of venting any excess heat created by your boiler, thus preventing other radiators in your house from malfunctioning and generating expensive bills.
A towel warmer or radiator should always be ideally fitted on the coldest wall of your bathroom, often the one with the window on. This will depend on other existing fixtures in your bathroom, but a window or external wall is optimum. By fitting to the coldest wall you will increase the efficiency of the radiator, as heat will emanate equally throughout the room.
When you have chosen your beautiful addition to your bathroom with a new towel warmer, you will desire for it to retain its original appearance. To care for the outer surface of your new radiator, never use any corrosive or hazardous products, such as aerosols on the surface or in close proximity of the radiator. The radiator should only be cleaned with warm soapy water and a soft, non-abrasive cloth. This will ensure the longevity of your bathroom radiator.



Source by Wd Bathrooms

What Types of Clamps Should I Have in My Woodshop?

A woodworker can never have too many clamps in his shop. It is one of the few tools you need that do not require power and act as machines that generally make your manual work a lot easier. Unlike an extra pair of human hands, clamps don’t fidget, complain or wobble about and provide greater clamping force.

If you’re a beginner in the woodworking industry, you might want to consider buying from the list below. Also, you don’t need to get them all at once. Just work through the list and purchase those you feel work best for you and suit your budget.

Don’t go to one shop and make your purchase immediately. Shopping for clamps can be a tedious experience where you will need to look online and in your neighbourhood for the best deals and quality.

– A collection of C-clamps. Buy those 4-inches and above. Don’t waste time buying the tiny ones.
– A pair of Quick Grip clamps similar to the Irwin Quick Grip clamp. They work better than the old-fashioned screw bar clamp.
– A pair of pipe clamps, or more. I recommend buying a 4-inch pair, before you move on to various lengths.
– A pair of Vice Grip C-clamps
– Some band clamps. They use nylon bands that tighten with a ratcheting device, which is great for clamping together irregular-shaped pieces.
– You will need corner clamps for holding together 90-degree joints. I use these to hold picture frames together to cabinet carcasses.
– An assortment of large spring clamps
– Corner bar clamps which you can get at Bessey, used to compress stock and clamp two pieces to a 90-degree corner.

Find out more about woodwork clamps here



Source by Gerald Battaglia

How To Fix A Hedge Trimmer That Is Jammed

The likelihood of your hedge trimmer becoming jammed is actually very high, especially if you are trying to force the machine to perform a job that is too much for it to handle. It does not matter whether you are using a petrol or an electric powered trimmer – if you are using it incorrectly, the blades become obscured or you have let them grow dull, your machine can easily jam up. If this happens to you during your garden maintenance, however, you will be pleased to know that there is a way to rectify the problem.

To prevent your hedge trimmer from accidentally turning on whilst you are trying to unjam it, you will need to remove its power source. For a petrol powered model, remove the spark plug; for an electric powered one, unplug it or remove the battery. Then, you can carefully examine the blades to determine how they became jammed. If there is any branches or leaves stuck in the blades, snap them off or use a pair of pruning shears to cut them away.

If there is a large amount of debris caught between the blade’s teeth, you will need to lay the trimmer on a flat surface. You should be able to push an old piece of dowel through the teeth to dislodge any wood or leaves that have managed to jam themselves in. Make sure that you wear thick gloves, as the teeth will be very sharp and may cut you.

Sometimes, damaged blades can cause a hedge trimmer to become constantly jammed. Check whether the blades are cracked or whether the teeth have been bent out of shape. If either of these problems is present, the blades will need to be replaced in order to stop them jamming. If you do not notice any damage, but feel that the teeth are fairly dull, you could also try sharpening them to see if this rectifies the problem.

Once you have successfully unjammed your hedge trimmers, you will want to prevent the same problem from arising again. You can do this by sharpening or replacing the blades regularly and washing them with soap and water after every use. If sap build-up is a problem for your trimmer, make sure that you remove it after every use by using a resin remover.

There are times, however, when your hedge trimmer will become stuck in a particularly stubborn patch of branches and leaves, no matter how well maintained the blades are. If this happens, avoid twisting the trimmer to try and pull it out, as this can cause the blades to crack and the teeth to bend. Instead, try using some pruning shears to cut the growth back and, applying only a little power at a time, try powering the trimmer out.



Source by Anne Mehla

Replace Your Own Bathtub Drain

Just because you have never done any plumbing before, do not automatically assume that you cannot. Replacing a drain is a really good project for a novice plumber. So when your bathtub drain starts leaking instead of calling a plumber, you can try making the repair yourself. If you are at all handy around the house, you can easily replace your drain. You may find that you enjoy plumbing, not to mention that you will save a nice little chunk of money as well.

Preparations for Replacing the Drain

Whenever you are working in sinks and bathtubs it is a good idea to put something like a towel or a drop cloth in the tub to protect it from getting scratched by any tools. It is simply too easy to drop a tool while you are working, and it is easier to prevent a chip than it is to repair a chip. Then you will want to get your tools together like a screwdriver, pair of pliers, wrench and anything else that you think you may need. You also want to have a stack of rags and towels close by.

Types of Bathroom Drains and How to Remove Them

There are several different types of bathtub drains. So depending on which type you have the process will be a little different. One common type of drain is the trip lever style stopper. There are two different types; one with a plunger and one that is a pop up. If your drain has a plunger, when you move the lever a plug down in the pipe engages. All you need to do to remove this drain is unscrew the faceplate and pull the whole drain out. If you can tell that the stopper is bad, you can probably get away with just replacing the stopper. Then reinsert the mechanism and screw it in place.

With the pop up style of drain, before doing anything you need to adjust the lever. Make sure that the stopper is at the highest level, and then remove the stopper. To do this pull it straight out or twist and lift.

Some drains do not have a lever. With a roller ball or foot lock style drain all you have to do is turn it counterclockwise and pull. There are some drains that need to have a set of screws loosened before they will come out, so always check for this first.

Remove the Strainer

When you look into the drain you should see crossbars. If they are in the flange, then you can use pliers to remove the drain. Simply use the pliers to turn the drain counterclockwise and unscrew it with your screwdriver.

If there are no crossbars, then you need a special tool that fits into the flange to spread and tighten against the wall of the drain. Then you can turn the flange counterclockwise and remove it.

Reassemble

After pulling everything out, the hard part is done. Now you need to wash any fixtures that you are going to reuse. Vinegar and baking soda makes a good cleaning solution. Put some plumbers putty underneath the strainer lip before screwing it back into place. This will make a waterproof seal for your drain. Put all of the parts of the drain back in the reverse order that you removed them and your project is complete.



Source by Aja Klenna

Personal Scandal?

To me, the idea of somebody being “personal” to somebody else implies in some way a type of “bribe”. For one could say I am being “personal” to a friend of mine who happens to be competing for a contract by giving it to him simply for that reason. In other words, my choosing this friend has less to do with him being the best contractor and more to do with the fact that he is my friend. Hence, my “personal” response to him is essentially a “bribe”. Now if it just so happens my friend is the best contractor for the job and as a result I choose him, it is not a “bribe” as it were nor is it “personal” in any way. It is simply on account of him being the best contractor for the job!

With this insight then, the idea of a “personal” interaction between God and individual seems almost scandalous or at least highly suspect. It is quite interesting to apply this same principal to the contempt society seems to harbor toward politicians that do this same thing. But if politicians are criticized for engaging in these kinds of personal favors (aka bribes), why is it us “average Joes” are not criticized for doing the same thing*? For instance, many favor doing business only with those that represent groups they identify with and/or support. “I need a plumber! Does anyone know of a good Christian plumber?” If one is to avoid the implicit bribery and scandal inherent in this type of decision making, he should choose the best plumber regardless of his religious persuasion or lack thereof. Otherwise, this decision is but a personal favor (aka a bribe).

*Presumably many will claim that politicians are called to a higher standard than us “average Joes”! But then how would we determine the “threshold” at which this kind of “personal bribery” goes from something that is 1) simply expected and perhaps even respected to something that is 2) downright sleazy and scandalous?



Source by Kurt Schaal

What can you do to unclog a toilet?

The task of going near a toilet with the intention of unclogging it is not a particularly appealing one. However, this is something you will need to attempt yourself, particularly if you do not wish to pay for a plumber to come and fix the problem. We all know that we wish to keep that option as the last resort.  On the more positive side of things, we know that unclogging a toilet does not require expertise skill which makes your task much easier. The same cannot be said for other areas of plumbing which require complex handling skills.  

Before you rush into things it is best to first establish what is actually causing the clog. You may be guilty of repeatedly disposing items in the toilet that cannot be easily flushed such as baby wipes or cotton wool. In these cases you will most likely need to use the plunger. You should note that toilet paper is designed specifically so that it can be flushed easily; the same cannot be said of other items. So for future notice, do not attempt to flush away items that are non-flushable.  

If on the other hand, you hear bubbling in the tub, then chances are that your sewer line is clogged. You should try turning on the bathroom sink if you hear bubbling. If this makes matters worse, then it is very likely that you will need to call a plumber, as plunging alone will not suffice.

In order to commence plunging, you first need to ensure that there is a sufficient amount of water in the toilet. This will work in pushing the clog all the way out of the drain. You should plunge up and down several times so the plunger fills with water. You may have to repeat this process quite a few times to solve the blockage problem.

The key to all this is to insert a little aggression in the plunging. This will work to force the water in the plunger through the waste outlet of the toilet , dislodging the blockage in the process. You may splash a little water outside the bowl, however you can avoid this messy business by not filling up with too much water.

If you have gone through all of this and still find yourself gazing in frustration at your toilet having not resolved the clog problem do not worry. For there is an alternative. The alternative being the snake (or otherwise known as the auger). The snake is quite simple to use once you get to grips with it.  All you have to do is expand the handle until it is all the way out, then insert the functional end into the outlet of the toilet bowl, and crank it down into the bowl, making sure the cable goes into the drain.

Once the bowl has been drained, you should then flush the toilet pulling the cable up at the same time. This is so that the cable can be cleaned.   It is strongly advised that you  flush the toilet a good number of times before you put the snake away.



Source by Tal Potishman

Drain Clearing

Dr. DRiP- The blocked drain specialist!

Dr. DRiP uses new technology and quality equipments to effectively clear the storm water blockages, blocked toilets or clearing sewer. Using such latest technology, the unnecessary expense of digging and blockages removing stops. The latest technology that includes regular maintenance using high pressure water blasters can tackle the most severe tree root blockages. Blocked Drain cleaning equipments are designed in such a way that will not damage your sewer lines.

Your drain is blocked and needs to be cleared and if it is full of sewerage then a drain camera cannot be used to access the condition of the pipe. So your plumber has a option to put his equipment down the drain in good faith and the blockage can be cleared. The advent of Drain cameras have been used to take all of the guess work out of cleaning your blockages.

Following are some of the technology we use:

Electric EEL

A coiled metal cable is fed into the sewer and/or storm water line, which rotates to cut root growth and release sludge and debris clearing the line. This is not a guaranteed method of completely clearing your line but will clear all the blockages.

High Pressure Water Jet Cleaner

A high pressure of water is transmitted to the sewer and/or storm water line using varied pressure cutting heads, which breaks up the sludge and debris and flushes out the line clearing it completely. This is a guaranteed technique to clear your line.

Drain Camera

A drain camera guess work out of sewer and/or storm water repairs. While clearing a stubborn line with a high pressure water jet cleaner technique, a drain camera can be used to find the source of the problem.

Our plumber has a gentle approach to free a clog from a drain. Call your blocked drain specialist TODAY!



Source by Andrew Smith

Shower or Sink Constantly Clogged? Quick Fixes Without the Help of Draino

Nobody likes a clogged drain. You can unclog a drain without resorting to pouring bottles of harsh chemicals down the pipes. There are some everyday household products you can use to try to unclog a drain. When that doesn’t work, you can play do-it-yourself plumber and try to unclog your own sink. Stopping clogs before they start or return is another way to keep your sink and shower drains from clogging.

Natural Approaches to Unclogging Drains

If water is backing up when you try to drain the sink or tub, the clog may be close by. A clog near the drain may be removed by using everyday household products.

Instead of pouring chemicals down the sink or into the bathtub to dislodge the clog, try using a quarter cup of white vinegar. Let the vinegar sit in the drain for about half an hour and then flush it out with hot water. Use a plunger in conjunction with the vinegar to coax the clog out of place.

Another option is to use a baking soda and vinegar solution. The baking soda will add a clean smell, which helps when the clog is stinky.

Do-It-Yourself Plumber

For a sink clog, you can try to play do-it-yourself plumber. Remove the drain cover or drain plug and clean it off. Hair and other objects may have accumulated.

Get a bucket or large bowl. Go under the sink and remove the part of the drain which is under the sink, which is called the trap. A wrench may be needed. Loosen the pieces until you can remove the trap. Look for any visible clogs in the remaining pipes. Use a long wire to poke around and move any clog. Clean out the trap and put it back.

If you cannot unclog a drain or have a bathtub clog, consider calling a plumber.

Stop Clogs Before They Start

Preventive action can help stop drains from clogging. Women with medium to long hair can brush their hair before taking a shower or bath to reduce the amount of loose hair that falls into the drain. Minimizing the use of super thick conditioners and hair dye at home can also help minimize drain clogs.

Purchase a small shower drain catcher if you have an old bathtub which uses an external drain plug. There are also external drain covers for standing showers. These covers can catch hair, paper from toiletry labels and any other objects which don’t belong in the drain.

Fix a broken sink drain or replace a missing one to keep objects from going in the drain. Keeping it clear of debris will keep it from going down the drain.

Pam Gaulin is a writer for Yodle, a business directory and online advertising company. Find a <a rel=”nofollow” onclick=”javascript:ga(‘send’, ‘pageview’, ‘/outgoing/article_exit_link/1169452’);” href=”http://www.local.yodle.com/articles”> plumber</a> or more <a rel=”nofollow” onclick=”javascript:ga(‘send’, ‘pageview’, ‘/outgoing/article_exit_link/1169452’);” href=”http://local.yodle.com/articles/topics/contractors-construction/plumbing-contractors-construction/”> plumbing</a> articles at Yodle Consumer Guide.


Source by Yodle

Do You Think Women Are Better Suited For Domestic plumbing Classes?

The plumbing profession is becoming particularly popular amongst women. Numerous women plumbing engineers are in fact better suited to plumbing courses and plumbing profession at the same time. Bristol and also Cardiff based training specialist, Access Training, take a look at why females do that well on plumbing courses.

Needless to say it’s silly to claim that all women are innately better at plumbing than men – just like it is daft to suppose men are all far better at domestic plumbing than ladies, but as noticed on plumbing classes in Bristol, Cardiff as well as throughout the country, a lot of women have strategies and characteristics which help them to excel in the profession.

The Bristol based Access Training plumbing classes helped professionals to realize that female trainees value their clients and also have attention to detail, consideration as well as punctuality. It’s really a myth that women can’t seem to manage the manual labour aspect of plumbing and plumbing programs. The manual dexterity and the understanding that a great plumber requires cannot be compared with the physical strength.

In actual fact, numerous women and men prefer to seek the services of female plumbers who undertook plumbing classes. Correctly or not, many people think that there are less probabilities for a female plumber to perform an inadequate project or to con you. Women plumbers are regarded as more reliable and far more trustworthy. Many individuals worry about getting ‘taken for the ride’ by plumbing engineers but women are perceived to be more honest and not as likely to be swindle merchants!

Interestingly, lots of men feel more comfortable with female plumbers. It might sound ridiculous, yet numerous men feel worthless or inadequate near male plumbers who can carry out the technical tasks a lot better than them. Ladies plumbers certainly are a more comfortable choice for women also. They feel it’s not as likely to be regarded as an ignorant in what regards the practical tasks or perhaps to be patronised. Additionally they feel safer.

Teachers at Access Training plumbing courses in Bristol have observed that their women trainees are frequently more watchful and a lot less likely to leave a mess behind them right after a job. Probably women and their own skills will bring about a higher degree of consideration and care throughout the industry.

Now is a good time for females to enrol on plumbing programs and get in the profession. Women are persuaded to join the profession by the Equal Opportunities Commission. Also, on plumbing programs, women will get a lot of guidance.

With woman-only plumbing firms growing and unmatched requirement for female plumbing engineers who have completed City & Guilds accredited domestic plumbing courses, right now is a fantastic time for female plumbers to make a real impact in the market.



Source by Charlie Maine

Shower Drain and strainer wrench

A wrench that includes a handle and a tool head. The tool head is positionable in a plurality of positions relative to the handle. The wrench is useful in installing and repairing shower drain and sink drains and other similar drain arrangements.

Many households currently include showers. When a shower is installed, the shower drain must be tightened at the bottom of the shower to form a watertight seal. The sealing of the shower drain is typically accomplished by the use of plumber’sputty and/or another sealant that is applied to the rim of the shower drain, and the shower drain is then placed in the existing hole of the shower stall. The body of the shower drain includes male threads. A sealing ring, typically formed of brass,having female threads is then threaded onto the drain body and then tightened against the bottom of the shower so as to form the watertight seal.

The sealing ring typically includes small tabs (usually four or more) that enable the installer to grip the ring so that the sealing ring can be tightened on the body of the drain. The tightening procedure is typically accomplished with a set ofpliers. The base of the shower stall is commonly formed of a wood frame that includes attached fiberglass. The wooden frame often extends out past the drain, thereby interfering with easy access to the sealing ring. As such, the tightening of thesealing ring on the body of the drain to form a watertight seal can be very difficult and time consuming. In addition, the limited and/or obstructed access to the sealing ring can make it difficult to properly tighten the sealing ring on the body of thedrain, thereby potentially resulting in an improper seal being formed.

Strainers are also commonly used with sink and shower drains. These strainers are commonly formed of metal or plastic and commonly include a hexagonal shaped nut that is used to seal the strainer to a sink or shower. These hexagonal nuts aresimilar in size to the sealing rings. Similar problems exist for these hexagonal shaped nut as with the sealing rings when attempting to tighten the hexagonal shaped nut when access to the hexagonal shaped nut is limited and/or obstructed.

In view of the current state of the art of plumbing tools, there is a demand for a wrench that can be used to more easily and conveniently access and tighten a strainer and/or a sealing ring of a drain.

The present invention is generally directed to plumber’s tools, and more particularly to a wrench, and still more particularly to a wrench, and even more particularly to a wrench for use on sink and/or shower stall drains. Although the wrenchwill be particularly described with reference to a sealing ring or strainer wrench for use on sink and/or shower stall drains, it will be appreciated that the wrench has many other plumbing and non-plumbing applications, all of which are encompassed bythe present invention.

The wrench of the present invention is designed to make it more convenient to tighten a stainer and/or sealing ring on the body of a drain. In the housing industry, prefabricated shower stalls are commonly formed of fiberglass and/or other fiberand/or resin materials. These prefabricated shower stalls include a hole in the shower stall bottom that is designed to receive a shower drain.
The shower drain, which is commonly formed of a metal such as brass, has to be tightened in the bottom ofthe shower so as to form a watertight seal. The watertight seal is commonly formed by applying plumber’s putty or some other sealant to the bottom side lip or rim of the shower drain. After the putty or sealant has been applied, the body of the drainis inserted through the hole in the shower stall until the lip or rim of the shower drain engages the bottom of the shower stall. The body of the shower drain is typically threaded so as to receive a sealing ring.

The sealing ring is commonly formed ofa metal material, however, this is not required. The sealing ring is designed to be tightened on the body of the shower drain until a watertight seal is formed between the lip or rim of the shower drain and the bottom of the shower stall. The sealingring commonly includes a plurality of small tabs (e.g., usually four or more) that enable an installer such as a plumber to grip and turn the sealing ring so that the sealing ring can be properly tightened on the body of the shower drain. In onenon-limiting embodiment of the invention, the wrench of the present invention is designed to enable an installer to more easily access and/or tighten the sealing ring and to enable the installer to easily tighten the sealing ring on the body of theshower drain so as to properly form a watertight seal.

Commonly, shower drain have a wooden frame that extends out past the shower drain thereby making it difficult in the past to access and tighten the sealing ring on the body of the drain body. The wrenchof the present invention can be used to at least partially overcomes this past problem In another and/or additional embodiment of the invention, the wrench of the present invention is designed to enable an installer to more easily access and/or tightenthe strainer to enable the installer to easily tighten the strainer in a shower and/or sink so as to properly form a watertight seal.



Source by Emma

If You Are Looking For a Lasting Lucrative Career Take Plumber Training

It would be wise for anyone who is considering career choices to choose a career that provides a service that is necessary to the public. One such career is plumbing. Whether you are a homeowner or a renter, you may at any time find yourself in need of a plumber. New homes, home additions, replacement of fixtures, and leaks are just a few of the reasons why one may have need of a plumber. Taking plumber training can offer you the luxury of a long term job and the opportunity to have a business of your own.

While it is often thought of as an undesirable job because it is a hands on job that involves getting one’s hands dirty. It can involve unclogging plugged drains and toilets, and while that indeed seems like a nasty job, making anywhere from thirty dollars to one hundred and thirty dollars an hour can certainly sweeten the deal. This is a job that requires knowledge of installation of plumbing and troubleshooting as well as mathematics, pipes and plumbing materials, bacteriology, and sanitation codes. This is a great job for the person who is a self starter and does not have to be monitored. Plumbers need to be able to make decisions and they need to be able to think outside of the box. If you are the type person who would love to eventually be the boss, this could be the perfect job for you. All you need is plumber training.

There are several training providers that you can choose such as vocational schools, trade schools or plumbing schools. You will of course need to choose one that is able to provide you with comprehensive plumber training as required by the National Standard Plumbing Code. Upon completion of the course, you will be provided with the proper accreditations needed for you to work as a plumber. The course will include training on the proper tools for plumbing, equipment and installation. It will also include mechanical drawing, troubleshooting, piping systems, and the theory of materials. Of course bacteriology and sanitation is also part of the necessary plumber training.

While some of the plumber training will be done in the classroom, the largest part of the course is practical training. Most courses actually require the would be plumber to do on the job training. It is arranged for the student to actually work as an apprentice for a plumber as an assistant to get the hands on training that is required as part of the plumbing training. The apprentice actually gets paid an hourly rate while learning the trade. It usually takes four years for the apprentice to attain the status of journeyman. At this point, the plumber is considered to be an expert craftsman.

Once the plumbing training is complete, the new plumber can choose to work for another business or plumber or he may choose to start his own plumbing business. Of course a business owner has more responsibilities, but he also has more freedom. He has the ability to choose the jobs he wants to take and he can also hire other plumbers to take on the less desirable jobs if he wants.



Source by James Copper

Why Power Flush for Winter?

A broken down boiler or noisy radiators that need regular bleeding usually indicate that your central heating system needs a good clean.

Before the winter sets in it is even more important to make sure your heating system is in full working order so that it serves you well over the colder months.

Making sure the system is serviced by a qualified professional is vital and this should be arranged well in advance of the winter season because plumbing and heating professionals are usually inundated with work during that time and the wait for repairs or new installations can be a long one.

But you should not wait for your annual service; if you notice any problem signs with your heating system then get in touch with your plumber immediately. Quite often the system will quite simply need cleaning and if so, your engineer will probably suggest a Power Flush.

What is Power Flushing?

Power Flushing is a powerful technique for cleaning central heating systems. It can improve heating system performance by flushing out sludge and scale, optimising the heat output of radiators and promoting energy efficiency.

Power flushing can solve heating problems and prevent boiler and pump failure and can even provide lower fuel bills due to an increase in boiler efficiency. This is because the action of power flushing improves the circulation through the pipe work so the radiators and boiler do not have to work so hard.

Who should I choose for my Power Flush?

Choosing a good heating engineer to carry out your power flushing job is very important because a skilled approach and lots of experience is needed to maximise the efficiency of the job. You will find that the longer-established companies will employ methodical techniques to isolate and concentrate on problem areas so that you are left with an optimised central heating system that won’t let you down during the cold winter months.

When hiring a plumber to carry out Power Flushing work on your heating system make sure that their work is fully guaranteed for a year and that you will receive a certificate confirming that pH levels and cleanliness within your system correspond with industry standards.

Power Flushing for new Heating Systems

If you are having a new heating system installed then you should be aware that most boiler manufacturers will not guarantee any new boiler if the system is not chemically cleaned. The British Standards and the Benchmark demand thorough cleaning of the heating system, and Power Flushing is the favoured method.

 Why Power Flush for winter?

Power Flushing is a powerful method used to clean heating systems. It can improve efficiency and give you peace of mind that your winter warmth won’t be jeopardised. It can also save you money on fuel bills!



Source by Ivor Bates

Getting A New Plumbing Installation

Changing the look of a house can mean many things. A plumbing installation can be the answer for a new home under construction or offered as a replacement to an installation that’s no longer viable. Either way, a plumbing installation that’s done well can instantly change the look and feel of a room – and a home in general.

For those who are building a new home, a plumbing installation may be just one of the myriad of choices that the homeowner must make. Sinks, showers, bathtubs, and the like will all need to be decided upon. The choices are often made by taking into account the overall feel of the home and choosing products that fit seamlessly into that atmosphere.

For those who are performing upgrades on an already existing home, a plumbing installation may mean the replacement of an existing installation that no longer fits the environment of the home. Swapping out plumbing installations can change the look of a room enormously and give new life to a home.

While a plumbing installation can certainly be tackled by a confident do-it-yourselfer, most often they are left to the professionals. While a plumbing installation performed by a homeowner may be completed successfully, there may arise problems down the road.

Therefore, in some cases – when a homeowner is adequately experienced in plumbing installations – it’s best to use a professional plumber. Then, if there’s an issue in the future, the plumber can attend to it. Additionally, the materials used by the plumber should be guaranteed; something you’re not likely to get if you perform the plumbing installation on your own.

Whether it’s done by a professional or an self-assured homeowner, a plumbing installation can be worth the time and money it will cost. The reward will be a beautiful room – and home – that matches your personal and unique ideas of perfection.



Source by Michelle Bery

How to Hire the Best SEO Company

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In today’s competitive world, every single business man wishes to crank out additional business as well as earnings. They are ready to discover new as well as innovative solutions to increase the actual profit margin. These days, there are many solutions and marketing techniques available to market the product. However, the best way is to make use of internet marketing – the least expensive as well as trustworthy method of marketing. Without doubt, employing an established SEO company to take care of marketing is the one of the best way to promote your brand on internet.

Accomplishing this from search engine optimization will be little intricate and thus you have to know how a search engine optimization company can help you to improve your website and make it reach the target audience. With an in-depth review of business website and use of white hat SEO methods, an efficient search marketing company can place your internet site among the top ranking websites on search engines.

There can be a lot of SEO firms operating in a local area; therefore you have to be incredibly particular as well as very careful whilst finding the best SEO company. Before finalizing the SEO company for your business, you should complete a detailed background check of the company. Ask for their client portfolio and the kind of results they delivered in the past. Share as many doubts as you possess since you’ll be entrusting them to establish your online presence and put you on top of search engines.

There can be a lot of claiming on their own as best SEO company however you must select a company which fulfills the actual aforesaid boundaries. An excellent SEO company must have great presence with forums and blogs. Second is the content material. Quality web content is a vital component to entice site visitors towards web site. You must agree that no agency can easily promise consistent top rankings because of ever changing dynamic algorithms of search engines, however it truly is recommended to evaluate company’s profile, the quality of SEO work as well as benefits being supplied.

Openly focus on the actual “ifs and buts” of your respective business prerequisites as well as objectives from SEO. Look for road map as well as timelines by which they can provide benefits. Don’t have confidence in the SEO companies which gives false assurances to offer top rankings and big volume of traffic merely over small period of time. You should understand and agree to the fact that SEO requires time to deliver long term benefits however an experienced and efficient search engine optimization company is not going to take long stretches to offer benefits. Top quality content material as well as collection of proper search phrases is the key for your on-line achievement.

Don’t wait around for getting a search engine optimization company which is ready to offer all at cheap or equal to zero cost. Hard work pays but paying makes the one do hard work.

How the Foreclosure Cleanup Industry Has Changed: A New Property Preservation Model

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The field services industry, which is commonly referred to as the “property preservation”, “foreclosure cleanup” or “REO trashout” industry, has changed considerably over the years.

When the mortgage crisis and eventual housing fiasco first seized the real estate industry, a great number of smaller foreclosure contractors entered the market. Many of these micro companies performed assorted mortgage field services tasks for lenders, banks, financial institutions, REO conglomerates and asset management companies in hamlets and diverse regions across the United States of America.

A ton of larger, national entities were also part of the landscape that was fast becoming a burgeoning property preservation industry.

A great many of the larger entities such as those of Pemco, Sentinel, Cyprexx, Safeguard, Chronos Solutions (previously known as Matt Martin Real Estate Management), and a great number of similar companies, were direct, first hand components of HUD (“The United States Department of Housing and Urban Development”).

These larger companies hired smaller debris removal, cleaning and trash out services as subcontractors to handle duties such as lawn maintenance, property securing (boarding doors/windows), property inspecting, trash/debris removal, winterization and de-winterization jobs, repairs, lock changes, home maintenance, painting, carpet removal, gutter cleaning, pressure washing, tree removal and many similar property upkeep and maintenance duties.

Services were often performed on vacant houses, many of which mortgagees had walked away from after getting foreclosure letters from their mortgage companies.

Multiple Subbing Opportunities, Jobs and Contracts for REO Service Vendors

Contracts and work order requests were received in numbers, and many small companies had to rush to hire subcontractors to assist with the overflow.

As a result, these smaller contractors made a ton of money in the property preservation and foreclosure cleaning industry at the height of the mortgage crisis.

A Changing Property Preservation Industry

However, fast-forward five to seven years, and its evident the industry has changed, exponentially.

The New Trashout Business, Foreclosure Cleaning Services and REO Property Preservation Model

In recent years, foreclosure cleanup and trash-out services have not only begun to target new key customers and client bases, but they have also added a number of new very profitable mortgage and field services and inked new necessary policies and procedures that work specifically for their own services and businesses — regardless of who their companies may be aligned with or who they may be servicing as vendors and subcontractors and working for, whether it be on a local, national or regional level.

Planting Cherry Trees

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Planting cherry trees for their fruit or for their blossoms can be rewarding. The cherry tree comes in many colors, sizes and varieties. This is due to it having been cultivated for thousands of years, especially in regions like Japan.

The cherry tree’s blooming season is short, unfortunately. For Japanese cultures, the cherry tree and its blossoming patterns symbolizes the way of human life where rising, blossoming and falling are a part of the whole. In Japan it is called mono no aware and means an awareness mujo or the transience of things and a bittersweet sadness at their passing. For this reason, cherry blossoms are utilized quite often in Japanese art, film and for ambient effect.
The cherry blossom is also considered a good omen. For some it is a symbol of love and affection.

Choosing the type of cherry trees you want to plant may be the most difficult part of growing this beautiful specie. For flowering or ornamental trees, varieties that are popular for their beauty and resistance to disease include Okame, Kwanzan, Autumn and Yoshino. These varieties produce flowers that range from white to pink and have a very distinctive foliage. The Autumn cherry tree blooms twice a year, both in spring and autumn, making it a very popular species.

In regards to fruit-producing trees, these can be divided into two divisions – sweet cherries, also referred to as wild cherries, and sour cherries.

When planting cherry trees, one must plant more than one for cross-pollination purposes. While there are some varieties out there that are self-pollinating, to be sure, you may want to place a couple of trees in the ground.

Choosing the right variety and size of cherry tree will depend on the space you have available and your preferences. Cherry trees can range in size from 6 feet all the way up to 30 feet in height. There is also a variety of cherry that comes in a shrub, such as the Red Nanking.

If you are planning to grow cherries, you will need to be in a hardiness zone of between 4-9, more preferably a 5-9. Some bush cherries can survive the cold weather of a zone 3.

Cherry trees also prefer a soil that is well drained and has a pH balance of 6.0 to 6.8. As with many trees, they need good air circulation and shouldn’t be exposed to long-term frost. The good news about cherry trees is that they aren’t terribly high-maintenance in the mulching and fertilizing department, the less the better. One annual sprinkling of blood and bone or old poultry manure will do.

Cherry trees also need to be pruned regularly as they are fast growing. If you want to pick your cherries without ladders, then pruning them or heading then at 30-40 inches above the ground is ideal. If your tree is meant for flowering only and for practical reasons you need to get under the tree to mow, you can head these trees higher.

Cherry trees are typically trained to an open-center system – this is why it is important to retain the central leader. Trees are usually reduced to four well-spaced shoots. Developing a strong framework of branches will help the tree bear heavy crops without breaking the limbs.

To see cherry trees at their best, one can attend various annual Cherry Blossom Festivals around the United States. More popular festivals include; the International Cherry Blossom Festival in Macon, Georgia, featuring over 300,000 cherry trees; Branch Brook Park Cherry Blossom Festival in April in Newark, New Jersey; The National Cherry Blossom Festival in Washington D.C.; and the Subaru Cherry Blossom Festival of Greater Philadelphia.

Basic Plumbing Problems

Here are the basic problems and hitches of plumbing that most of the home owners might face every day. Though various solutions are there and they do produce and come up with desired results but one should know the basic problems, only then he will be able to find a solution of these problems. Starting with this piece of writing, they very first problem is the leaking of faucet, taps and valves. This is one of the most irritating and annoying problems these days. It has been noticed that most of the taps and valves have open areas that eventually cracked out and results in leakage. This results in the loss of water and makes the area messy. Individuals should make their faucets well strong enough so that they might not leak out or wear out in less period of time. The only way to overcome this hitch is to tighten up the taps and valves. This will reduce the leakage and will not enable the pipes to leak water.

If this tip still does not work, make use O- ring that will surely eradicate this leakage problem as soon as possible. In case of serious situations, individual has to replace the entire and complete unit. The very second problems that the individuals might face are the blockage of drains. The reason behind this problem is that debris or extra waste gets filled on the surface of water that causes the blockage of drains. In kitchens, drainage system gets blocked due to the food materials been stuck in the pipes. Individuals should regularly clean out the drains. This practice will help them to have an efficient and effective drainage system. Similarly, in bathrooms, the blockage of drains is due to hair or soap. They might get stuck into the pipes and drains and cause the blockage. The solution is to make use of snake; it is a tool that clears out the drains and pipes. If this tip does not work then an individual has to call.

A plumber to get rid from this plumbing problem.Lastly, we have running toilet problems that are getting a lot of attention day by day. Try to fix this subjected problem as soon as possible, otherwise individual has to spend huge some money to fix this problem. You might have to reinstall the entire system in case of any delay. If there is any arm or chain been loosen up, then immediately get notice of it and solve this obstacle right away. Hence, the above mentioned are some basic plumbing problems that we observe and notice in our homes. Get up and go and solve these problems in a minute if you are facing them at your homes. The only thing that will make you tension free from these plumbing problems is to have a regular eye on it, regular check up of these plumbing problems will surely make you stress free and will not put you in any kind of dilemma.



Source by alyssa elise

Garage Door Repair And Replacement Advice From The Experts

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Most modern homes feature electric or automated garage doors. These models are clearly superior to their manual prerequors: for one thing, you do not have to worry about locking them every time you leave your home. They are also the only option for physically disabled individuals who can not open a large, heavy garage door.

As with most things, however, there is a trade-off. While manual versions are incredibly durable and require little maintenance, electric models can and sometimes do break down. Why? Although their construction and operation looks simple, there are actually several things that can go wrong with automated models – especially when they're connected to an electric opener.

Simple Troubleshooting Tip

The first thing any concerned homeowner should do is pull the release cord or lever that hangs from the electric motor. This will allow you to open the door manually. If you can pull it up and down on its tracks, then you know the problem is the motor, not the structure. If, however, you can not open it manually, the problem may be the springs. Either way, you will have to contact a reputable garage door repair company ASAP.

Do You Really Need Help?

Yes, you really do! We can not emphasize enough how important it is to find a professional service provider. Why? Because even if you consider yourself a handyman or an accomplished do-it-yourselfer, dealing with electric models can be difficult and even dangerous. They have hundreds of moving parts, including springs and cables, and it is simply not a job for the average homeowner. In addition, if you find that you have to replace the structure or the motor, there's no way you can do either job on your own.

How To Find A Service Provider

Start by speaking to your friends and neighbors to see which service they use. Since most people these days have an automated model that occasionally needs service, locating a reputable garage door repair contractor should not be that difficult.

Because installation or replacement of electric versions can be a big job, you should conduct a short interview with any prospective contractor. During the interview, you will want to ask about their experience in the field, how long the job will take, and when they are available. You can also ask them for a rough estimate. In order to come up with an accurate price quote, they may have to visit your home and take a look at your setup.

If Replacement Is Required

No matter your setup, the contractor should be able to offer you a full range of options if you want a new brand, model, or style of door. Because it can be dangerous work, you should always make sure the contractor has his own insurance – just in case he is injured while working at your home.

When it comes to the actual estimate, most contractors will provide you with a free one. If you accept the estimate, you will be asked to sign a contract before any work is undertaken. Make sure you read all the terms and conditions of the contract before you sign your name and hire a provider.

If your garage door is on the fritz, do not try to fix it on your own. Contact a reputable garage door repair professional to do the work for you.

SEO: Step By Step Guide to SEO

Search Engine Optimisation (SEO) is the art and science of getting your website into the top of the search results for major search engines. SEO is one of the most cost effective advertising mediums. Furthermore, SEO is completely accountable. You can monitor the exact traffic you are receiving, what keywords you are receiving the traffic for, whet geographic zone your are receiving the traffic from. Most importantly you can track your exact conversion rate of your site and your ROI.

SEO is one of the fastest growing marketing mediums. In an economic downturn, the marketing department is usually the first department to see cut backs in budgets, not to mention the size of the staff base. Companies are seeing tremendous value in SEO. Despite the downturn the SEO industry is rapidly moving forward.

How to choose an SEO company

Choosing the right SEO Company can save you a lot of time and money. The easiest way to choose your SEO company is to look at the results that they have been achieving for clients. Many SEO companies will show you the rankings that they have received for their clients. It is important to look at how hard these keywords are to achieve top rankings for. For instance, if a SEO company is showing you first place rankings for a tradesperson at suburb level, it is fair to say that this is an easy word to compete for. However, if they are showing you top rankings for the most competitive keywords such as weight loss, web design, web development or banking then they are genuinely hard rankings to receive. In addition, I would recommend speaking to clients that have used the SEO company that you are looking to engage. Find at how they performed, what there delivery of service was like, if they were transparent in there communication, if they received regular communication and reporting. SEO is still a black art and many SEO experts will like to keep their trade knowledge to themselves. Choose someone that is open and transparent about their work.

How long till I see my rankings improve?

SEO takes 6-12 months for a very thorough campaign. If your site has been live for a few years and you have some good quality links pointing to your site it can take less, depending on how competitive the keywords that you are optimising for. In SEO there are two types of keywords that you can optimise for. The first is short tail i.e. weight loss and then there is long tail keywords i.e. weight loss recipes. If you are wanting to quickly increase your organic traffic, I would recommend to begin optimising for the long tail keywords. The short tail keywords can take much longer to optimise for as there is generally much more competition for that keyword.

If you are a new site, Google will take some time to trust your site. Many SEO experts talk about Google Trust Rank. This means that Google not only takes time to trust your site, it wants to see consistent increments in link popularity to your website. If Google sees a Sharpe increase in the number of inbound links to your website when you are new, you run the risk of hitting there link spike filters. Should this be the case and you grow your incoming links to quickly, you will be sandboxed or unindexed.

You should build links to your site in a consistent manner. Not only in a consistent manner, but also you should use a variety of link building techniques to build links to your site.

Some link building strategies are:

  1. Directory submissions

Directory submissions are where you submit your site to general directories or niche directories. When you are submitting your site to directories it is important that you concentrate on good quality directories. Quality is far better than quantity. You can determine the quality by looking at the page rank of the home page, page rank of the sub-categories, if the sub categories have been cached by Google and if the listings in the categories are well maintained. Avoid like the plague directories that are randomly linking sites in categories. These could be link farms.

  1. Article Submissions

This is where you write unique content on your industry and then submit it to article directories. This is a great way to build quality back links to your site. The key is to code the link correctly.

For instance if I wanted to link back to my website, the most contextual and effective way to link back is <a rel=”nofollow” onclick=”javascript:ga(‘send’, ‘pageview’, ‘/outgoing/article_exit_link/992883’);” href=“http://www.shoutwebstrategy.com.au” title=”SEO”>SEO</a>. This link is considered to be a themed and/or contextual link. Google will see this as a very relevant link. If you write articles and link from the article body, you should see good results in your search engine rankings.

  1. Blog posts

There are a few ways that you can use blog posts to help your rankings. The first way is to leave comments to posts on posts. If you are being active on blogs, for industry relevant blogs you will be considered to be active in your industry.

The second way is to get in contact with the blog owner and offer your unique content to them. In return you should get an about author link to your site. Many blogs are screaming out for content. You will get traffic, link juice and be considered an authority on your subject.

  1. Forums

Forums are indexed very quickly by search engines because the content is frequently updated. Further, forums get a lot of traffic and if you are a trusted forum member you can generate plenty of traffic and get contextual links to your site. I would advise getting in contact with the forum owner before placing any links on forums. Let the forum owner know of you credentials and let them know that you can add to the community by giving expert advice. In return you ask the forum owner if you can put your link in your email signature.

  1. Bookmarking sites

Google likes to see that your links are created naturally. This means that the content that you offer on your site is good enough quality that people want to link to it and they want to share it on social networking sites, or reference your content as an authority on the subject. This is the best form of linking. The key is to create fresh and unique content.

How much does SEO cost?

The cost of the campaign hinges on many thing.

–          How competitive your industry is

–          How many keywords you are optimising for

–          What link techniques you incorporate

–          How large your site is

After your initial campaign has been completed you should look into a maintenance campaign. This will give you long term stability in your rankings.

Hopefully this article has set you on the right track and answered your SEO questions. Now is a better time than ever to SEO your site. Over time SEO will become more competitive and in turn expensive.

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Computer Repair Business Plan

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If you’re thinking about starting Computer Repair Business, it’s a very good idea to create a business plan. The best reason is not what you think. I don’t know anyone who has ever stuck with his or her original business plan. Why? Well, planning and doing is the same as hypothetical and reality. Once you get immersed in your business, you often have to modify your plan to fit real world situations.

Even the best planners can’t see everything that might crop up, and being flexible is the key with any good business plan. The best thing about doing a business plan is that it makes you think about the important elements of your proposed business.

Areas to research and try to layout in your business plan would include market analysis, startup costs, necessary skills, and initial inventory or equipment. All of these areas are important when planning your business. Most business plans can be divided into common sections like these:

– Executive Summary
– Company Description
– Products and Services
– Marketing Plan
– Operational Plan
– Management and Organization
– Personal Financial Statement
– Startup Expenses and Capitalization
– Cash Flow Analysis

If financing is a part of the puzzle, even more time should be spent on presentation and documentation. You will be judged by the lending institution on the quality and accuracy of your numbers of your business plan. The two most common flaws in business plans are under estimating costs and over estimating revenue.

A good example in the Computer Repair Business is for one to assume that since there are an average of 171 working hours in any given month, that you could bill 171 hours or the total amount. Not going to happen, there is no way to bill 100% of time. Why, because you rarely can bill out every hour in the day. There are necessary activities that take away from billable hours. Now if you work 80 hours a week, you could bill over 40, but that’s not the same thing.

And if you are a owner/operator (one man band) you will need to do many administrative, marketing, and record keeping tasks that all take away from billable time. In fact, some of the most effective owner/operators I know in the computer repair business are ecstatic with a 70% bill ratio.

A good example of underestimating costs for the Computer Repair business is insurance and bonding. If you do business with larger companies, they require both and this area is often overlooked. Another common area that is missed is the cost of training and technical resources like manuals and etc. Both can get expensive and necessary if you want to keep your skills up to date.

One of the biggest decisions in the Computer Repair Business is whether to go retail location, or office building, or warehouse scenario. This can be a huge start up cost and commitment. And there are quite a few associated costs like utilities, signage, furniture, and equipment.

Part of the decision making process on these different scenarios is to also consider whether you want to offer onsite service or inside service (where the customer brings in their equipment). Often this is depending on the market area, target audience, and location.

The key to making that type of decision is to figure out if the retail location can generate enough walk in business to compensate for the cost. The office building or warehouse location might be necessary if you will have multiple employees and support staff. But both those choices are expensive both in startup and ongoing costs.

Speaking of staff, unless you start your business with clients, employees can be a tremendous expense and involve more administrative time. Adding employees right from the get go with out having some type of clientele is risky at best. If you will already have service contracts or written commitments from clients, you might need employees.

A good alternative to the warehouse or office building options is to go with an executive business suite. These are companies that will provide very small spaces (like 200 sq ft) and administrative services like answering the phone, having a mailing address, using a shared conference room for meetings, and so forth. These are available on short or long term and can have little startup cost.

If you plan on providing onsite service, then you might not need anything but a mail or PO box somewhere close to home for parts and receiving mail. Especially if your onsite service is to individuals or the home market rather than commercial clients.

After determining your startup and operating costs, the marketing aspect of your new business is most important. Without sales (and revenue), all you have is a hobby according to the IRS. It’s important to define your target audience and determine how you plan on acquiring customers. These methods can include classic marketing techniques such as handing out business cards to advertising in your local yellow pages.

This is where many new Computer Repair Business owners have the most difficulties. Being a good technician and knowledgeable repair guy is not enough in today’s competitive marketplace. You need to sell yourself and your company. Marketing and customer skills are paramount to finding and keeping customers.

Although you should do your research and estimate your costs and revenue, the planning process should never be about having the perfect plan. I’ve seen people spend months (if not years) looking for the perfect plan and never take any action. Use due diligence, go through all the necessary steps, but don’t get hung up in the weeds re-writing your plan over and over.

The single most common trait among successful new business owners is they take action. And the Computer Repair Business can be started part time with little risk. In fact, starting out part time allows you to learn as you go and find out what works and what doesn’t.

Hey, this is the first day of the rest of your life. Having a great Computer Repair Business Plan is good, but starting your business now is what will make you successful.

Promoting Your Plumbing Services: Make The Most Of Your Plumbing Business Card

Take a good look at your plumbing business card at this moment and evaluate what you see. If you find it attractive, compelling, and a worthy sales tool for promoting your plumbing services, good for you. If not, it’s time for a serious overhaul.

Many businesses these days spend a lot of time and a ton of money on getting their services promoted through TV, radio, and print ads, a high page-ranking site, and even multi-media presentation. The reality however is that, often times establishing personal contacts can be just as effective a tool for your business as any of the other tools mentioned above. And this is where the business card comes in and does its magic.

The perfect epitome of “small but terrible”, the business card is a very powerful marketing tool that just about anyone can use and easily too. In this digital age however, its usefulness as an effective tool in business promotion is easily overlooked. Businessmen and service providers often forget that even if they get to meet hundreds of probable clients daily, only a very small percentage will actually remember to contact if a situation arises where his services or product could be used.

But if you have a business card that you could conveniently leave with each of these persons, this could heighten your chances of being an easy recall should the need come up. As a plumbing contractor, you very well know that this time is practically any time. If a plumbing emergency occurs late at night, wouldn’t it be more convenient for them to just pull out your card and have you tackle the job immediately?

The question now is how to make a lasting impression with just a small business card. For starters, you could make your card a hard-to-forget one with an eye-catching design or style. And if people just shove your card into their pockets without so much as a glance, don’t get too worried. Because if you have made sure that your plumbing business card is impressive in the way it looks and in how it was worded, it would be the card that people would carefully file later on for future needs.

Never forget too that the business card is as versatile as it is powerful. You can find a lot of chances and venues where you can inform other people of what services you can offer as a plumbing contractor. You can give it out as a way of introducing yourself, you can leave it at the vet’s waiting room, hand it over with the rented books you are returning, or tack it on the community bulletin board.

Don’t be one of those who take for granted this marketing strategy that’s not only powerful but more affordable too than any of the other methods. Traditional though it may be, your plumbing business card could be the tool that will get more clients coming your way.

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Source by Allison Jacobs

What’s Better: A Steel or Aluminum Pool Fence?

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Most people assume that they need an aluminum pool fence because steel will rust and fall apart sooner or have to be painted every year. There was a time when this was true under most circumstances, but these days that doesn’t always have to be the case. There’s plenty of companies making steel fence panels that powder coat their fence panels or use other processes that make the panels easily withstand the elements for more than 20 years. This means you’re no longer stuck with only being able to use aluminum as your fencing material in areas where there’s a lot of moisture in the air.

Owners of saltwater pools are usually the most concerned when it comes to choosing the metal their fence is going to be made out of. There’s no reason for them to be concerned either. The coating on modern-day, steel, fence panels easily hold up when installed next to saltwater pools. They’re used on coastal properties all over the world without any problems. It’s important to keep in mind that I’m referring to steel fences that are made by reputable manufacturers and not panels that someone painted in their backyard with spray paint.

Even after being informed about the latest processes used for coating quality steel fence panels, many people don’t know how they would benefit from having steel rather than aluminum. The biggest advantage steel has over aluminum is strength. Aluminum fences are nowhere near as strong as steel fences of the same size. If an aluminum fence is exposed to much abuse, it’s going to bend and maybe even break. This is something that needs to be taken in to careful consideration before installing one in a location such as a park that’s going to have a lot of people around it. Things such as kids trying to climb it are inevitable.

Another drawback to using aluminum is it requires a special welding machine if you ever need to repair any damage or need any custom work done. Most people don’t know how to weld this type of metal either. This means that repairs and custom work will end up costing you more money. In most cases it’s cheaper to replace damaged sections of fence than it is to have it repaired. Unless it’s severely damaged, steel fencing can often be straightened out and welded where necessary to make minor repairs.

There are some minor drawbacks to using steel also. No matter how good the coating is, just like with an automobile, if you put a scratch in it that goes beyond the paint into the metal, that area will eventually rust. If you happen to get a deep scratch, you shouldn’t be alarmed. All you have to do is get a little paint and touch it up just like you would with a vehicle. You also need to keep in mind that all panels aren’t coated using very good techniques. For this reason, you want to make sure that your steel fencing panels come from a well-known manufacturer with a good reputation. This is very important because there’s a lot of companies that still make panels that rust easily. They all look good new, so you won’t know it until around a year down the road.

How Do You Do Basement Bathroom Plumbing ?

One of the first things that happens when a home is being built, is the basement bathroom plumbing is installed. This is done as soon as the footings and foundation are poured and the forms are stripped off.

Sometimes the gravel will be laid before the plumbing and then the plumber has to dig a trench in the gravel so the pipes will be at the same level, and even with, the top of the gravel.

Having just finished our home I learned this fact right up front. The hole is dug, the footings and foundations are poured, and then the plumber comes and puts in the plumbing pipes.

The plumbing lines have to be sloping gradually downward, so that gravity will help the flow of water and sewage as it flows towards the final destination, the city sewer line or your septic tank.

With the use of flexible plumbing pipe, many of the abrupt right angles can be avoided, which might cause a buildup and eventually a clog in the line. For basement plumbing pipes that are underground and under cement, usually cast iron or plastic pipes are used.

The plumber will only take the sewer line out 18 inches or so beyond the footings of your home, where your excavator will need to connect and lay the remainder of the sewer line, which connects to the septic or city lines.

Every sewer line has to have exhaust lines which also helps the flow as gravity pulls the sewage gradually to the point of destination.

Once basement bathroom plumbing lines have been installed, then the cement flatwork can be poured. If mistakes are made, then plumbers often have to jackhammer up the cement and make changes, but it’s obviously easier to do it right the first time.

People who own their own homes and then want to put in a basement bathroom have other options of pumping the sewage and waters up to the exit line, or cutting into the existing line if it is below the cement floor.



Source by Linda Baxter

Seven Steps To Become A Plumber

Although plumbing is a well paid construction field, yet it fails to attract people. The main reason is that the working condition of a plumber is quite backbreaking. The work of a plumber mostly involves installing and repairing gas, it also involves repairing waste and water system for residential, as well as industrial complexes. To become a plumber it is important that you undergo training. The training may be a three or four year degreed course or you can be trained to be a plumber at technical school. You can also get a formal or an informal apprenticeship in order to learn the tricks of the trade.

Whatever be the medium you chose, but one thing is for sure that to be a plumber you have to undergo training, it is not something that you can learn along the way while working, it is absolutely not fair to practice your bad plumbing skills at the expense of your customers. You can stat plumbing only when you are trained and you know what you are doing.

There are seven steps which if followed can lead you to become a plumber.

Step 1:
Complete your high school and take up subjects such as math, shops, science and also vocational courses such as plumbing and blue print reading.

Step 2:
Try and find out about local opportunities, you can seek the help of your guidance counsellor.

Step 3:
You can find out all the current information on plumbing on the internet, search for them.

Step 4:
In case you want to join the local plumber’s union, all you have to do is to apply for a four year apprenticeship; this will give you 2000 hours of training and 216 hours of classroom work. It is a good opportunity to polish your talents but it is important to keep in mind that only one out of every 20 applicants is chosen here.

Step 5:
You can consider attending a trade school, the biggest benefit of attending a trade school is that the school provides job placements for qualified students.

Step 6:
Try and grab any contracts for plumbing, heating or air conditioning. It does not ave to be a big contract, even a small contract where you work at the position of an assistant can give you exposure and on the job training.

Step 7:
Find out about the licensing requirement in your locality.

Other things that you must keep in mind are that you should not consider opting for this profession until you are physically strong and have good stamina.

To try and experience what you are getting in to, it is a good idea to spend a day with the local plumber. You must remember that union members have to pay one time initiation fees and also have monthly dues withdrawn from their pay.

Remember that construction related jobs are temporary in nature where as a service company provides permanent job.



Source by James Copper

No Hot Water: No Problem, Fix it Yourself!

Your water heater is probably one of the single most expensive components of your plumbing system. It costs a lot of money to buy it and it costs more money to operate it. If your water heater isn’t working properly it can make your life miserable. Unless you really like cold showers it is a big deal when your water heater has problems.

When To Call A Plumber

This is a good time to talk a little about when it is appropriate for you to fix things yourself and when you should probably go ahead and call a plumber. Water heater problems are a good example of when this choice is important.

If you water heater itself is leaking, as opposed to the piping connected to it leaking, this probably means that it needs to be replaced. It is virtually impossible to repair a leaking hot water heater. If you can’t confidently say you know how to install a water heater you really need to use caution.

A water heater replacement raises a lot of safety concerns and there are some fairly technical skills needed to do the job right. It is usually better to call a licensed plumber if yours needs replacing. Licensed plumbers know how to install a gas water heater without creating a potentially dangerous situation (and how to install electric water heater without getting electrocuted in the process).

You Can Do It!

On the other hand, if you have a non-leaking water heater and no hot water, you can often correct that yourself without calling a plumber. You don’t need any really technical skills to learn to troubleshoot water heaters, just a little common sense and patience.

The first good news is that, although the trend is toward more economical water heaters, the basic operation and controls haven’t changed much over the years. So some basic knowledge will allow you to troubleshoot water heaters of almost any age or manufacturer.

Gas or Electric?

There are two main kinds of storage water heaters (we won’t get into tankless models here): gas and electric. This indicates what sort of energy source is used to heat the water.

Gas Water Heaters

Gas water heaters use natural gas (and sometimes LP) to fuel a burner which in turn heats the water sort of like a pot on the stove. They have only a few components that control whether or not you have hot water.

The first thing to check if you have a gas water heater and no hot water is whether or not you have gas. I know it my sound silly, but I have gone to many homes only to find that the gas had been turned off for one reason or another. If you have a gas stove see if it works. If not check your meter to make sure it’s on.

If you have gas, the next step is to check your pilot light and, if it’s out, try to light it. The lighting instructions are usually right on the water heater. If your gas has been off it may take a while for the air to bleed out and the gas to get to the pilot, so be patient.

The Thermocouple

If your pilot won’t light, or won’t stay lit, the thermocouple may be the problem. This looks like a copper wire coming from the control box on front of the water heater and going down to where the pilot light should be. It has an enlarged tip at the pilot end.

The thermocouple is positioned with it’s enlarged end in the flame of the pilot. This heat from the pilot flame causes a tiny electrical signal to be sent to the control valve, telling the control valve that there is a flame present so it’s OK to let the gas through to the main burner when the thermostat calls for heat. . You can change a thermocouple on most water heaters with only a small adjustable wrench. Just make sure that the bulb end is securely positioned in the pilot flame. You can get a new thermocouple at most hardware stores for under $20. This will usually correct a pilot light problem.

On more recent water heaters, the combustion chamber may be sealed. If you have one of these there will usually be a small inspection window you can look through to check the pilot. You may need to call the manufacturer to get a complete pilot assembly and new cover seal in order to repair these models, but the procedure is still pretty much the same once you get the parts. These parts are usually covered by the manufacturers warranty.

The Gas Control Valve

If you are sure you have gas, and replacing the thermocouple doesn’t fix the problem, the gas control valve is about the only thing left to check. This is a fairly major repair so if you aren’t very comfortable working with gas connections you may want to call a licensed plumber for this.

Electric Water Heaters

Electric water heaters use, you guessed it- electricity, to heat the water. If your electric water heater isn’t working the first thing to do is check your breaker or fuse box. Many electric water heaters also have a separate disconnect box at the water heater, check this too.

If you are sure you have power, the problem is either your heating elements or thermostats. Most electric water heaters have two of each, upper and lower. In order to check or replace a water heater element you will have to turn off the breaker serving the water heater circuit and remove the access cover on the water heater. At this point you might get lucky and find the easiest way to fix an electric water heater.

The Reset Button

Many thermostats have a reset button which can sometimes be pushed to reset the circuit and get the water heater working again. To find it you may have to carefully remove any insulation covering the thermostat. If the reset button has been tripped you should be able to hear and feel a definite click when you push it. If you think it was tripped, put everything back together, turn the power on and check for hot water in about an hour.

If the thermostat can’t be reset you will need a voltage meter or continuity tester before going any further. There’s not room in one article to cover electrical diagnostics but you can perform a simple continuity check on the elements to make sure they make a complete circuit.

The Heating Elements

First, make sure the power is off to the water heater! Then locate the heating elements. The elements will have two wires connected to each one and will either have a big hex nut where they screw into the tank or will be fastened to the tank with a bracket and usually 4 bolts. After confirming that the power is indeed off to the water heater, remove the 2 wires from the element and check for continuity. If there is not an intact circuit between the two terminals on the element, it is bad.

If one or both of the elements is bad it is probably a good idea to just replace them both. You will need to shut off the water and drain the water heater to replace the elements. If they are the hex nut style, you may need a special socket. You can usually find these tools where you buy the elements. Make sure the water heater is completely full and all air bled from the system before turning the power back on or you will ruin the new elements by “dry firing” them.

The Thermostats

If the elements are OK and don’t need to be replaced, it is probably the thermostat(s). It is a good idea to replace both thermostats if there are two, they are fairly inexpensive. Just remove the wires, connect the new one the same as the old one, put the access plate back on and turn the power back on. You should have hot water in about an hour.

Know Your Limitations!

Learning how to troubleshoot water heaters can be fairly simple but you do need to understand and be comfortable working with gas and electricity. Either one can literally kill you if you fail to observe the proper safety precautions. If you aren’t qualified or aren’t sure about something it is better to be safe than sorry.

This article is for information purposes only and in no way should be interpreted as an encouragement to attempt any repairs for which you are not qualified.

Copyright 2008 Bryan Stevens



Source by Bryan Stevens

Electrician’s CV – How to Write the Best Electrical Curriculum Vitae

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To boost your chances of landing a job in the electrical industry you’ll need to be able to write the best Curriculum Vitae (CV) to showcase yourself, your qualifications and your achievements. You’ll find many CV templates and sample covering letters on the internet which you can use as a foundation or starting point but there are certain key points that you should include when writing your electrician’s CV.

You can begin by modifying the content of the sample covering letter and CV templates to suit your personal profile and then use the points below as a guide to help you cover all the other aspects you may want to include.

Covering Letter

A good covering letter is essential to introduce yourself to the employer and this is where you can really sell yourself. Give a brief description of why you want to join their company, your experience and your contact details.

Hopefully, after reading your covering letter the employer will be looking forward to seeing your CV!

Be Honest and Brief

Always tell the truth. Don’t exaggerate your qualifications and make sure you have proof in the form of certificates or documents. Keep your CV down to 2 sides of A4 and make it simple and uncomplicated.

Personal information

Don’t forget to include your name, telephone, and email contact details.

Objectives

State your objectives, ambitions and hopes for working with this particular company. Even something as simple as wanting to work as part of a team alongside other professional electricians to gain experience and develop your knowledge. You could also state this in your covering letter.

Educational Qualifications

List any education or training qualifications you have including where and when you obtained them. If you don’t have any electrical qualifications you could mention that you have a working knowledge or practical experience and also that you are willing to undergo further training when necessary. A knowledge of the latest updates in the electrical industry is very important and you may be required to be ‘up to speed’.

Skills

Key skills relevant to the job you are applying for should be listed. A range of electrical skills are a real asset to an employer and show that you have experience. Also include any relevant past experience you have including IT, Computer, Team Working or Leading, and Problem Solving Skills. IT skills are gradually being included in the work of a modern electrician and could be required by employers.

Employment History

If you’ve already had a job or jobs, begin with the most recent and list them including the dates you were there, the name and address of the employer, your job title and a brief description of your duties.

Try to make the employment history relevant to the electrical industry. Electricians can cover a wide range of electrical jobs and you’ll need to let an employer know your full capabilities in your CV.

Interests

Don’t simply list your hobbies and interests, but briefly cover areas where you have shown initiative and especially those that show skills relevant to work as an electrician. You may take your home computer or IT skills for granted but they are worth mentioning. Also include any voluntary work you may have done if you think it may be relevant.

References

It’s a good idea to keep your references on file incase you need them for a CV or job application in the future. References could be from your teachers, college tutors or any previous employers.

Interviews

Job interviews can be quite daunting but a little preparation can go a long way. Learning good interview techniques will give you an advantage and when you are properly prepared you will feel more relaxed so you can give your interviewer want they want.

Design of Rain Gutter Systems For Home Construction

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After I received the 2008 edition of the State of Michigan building code I eagerly looked through the table of contents for rain gutters only to find no mention of these troubling troughs that hang at the edges of a roof. So I looked to the index only to be disappointed again. There was no mention specifically of rain gutter systems to be found. I am a licensed building contractor here in Michigan and have been repairing, reworking and cleaning gutters for over five years. Gutters are not designed into a house; they are simply tacked on as an afterthought by workers of various skills and abilities.

The long term maintenance problems and damage caused by poorly designed and installed gutters cost millions of dollars. Millions of dollars from injuries and even the death of homeowners trying to clean their gutters must also be taken into account. Start with the grade; how does water naturally flow around the house? The roof and gutters should be oriented so the water flows away from the house and never over walks, drives, decks or patios. A cistern to hold water for irrigation can then be the starting point for the design of your house.

Here are several design details that should be incorporated into the building code:

1. A downspout is required for a run of gutter not to exceed twenty feet. This will allow for slope of 1/20″ per linear foot giving proper drainage. This will decrease molds, mildew and breeding grounds for mosquitoes. Subtract one foot for every inside or outside mitered corner. Example: a run of gutter with two turns should not exceed 18′ without a downspout.

2. Downspouts will be of the “commercial” (3″ X 4″ or 4″ round) size. The larger pipe will not clog with leaves and seeds as easily.

3. Gutters draining upper roofs over lower roofs must be accessible by ladder from the ground.

4.Downspouts will be fixed to the gutter by cutting tabs into the bottom of the trough then bending them down to allow a screw or pop rivet to fix the downspout to the gutter. This eliminates the outlet flange which leaks and causes leaves and seeds to catch.

5. One-piece “offset” elbows will be used instead of two-piece elbows that are commonly assembled on-site now. In my experience I have yet to see these one-piece offsets clog. The upper two-piece elbow is where the vast majority of clogs are found. Many times the entire downspout has to be removed and taken apart to clear the clog.

6. The vertical pipe will have a maximum of three turns; two at the outlet for the gutter and one at bottom extension.

7. Downspout pipes that are not vertical must be avoided!

8. The bottom of the lower elbow will be at least one foot above the grade with a four foot extension.

9. Downspouts or gutters will NEVER be let out onto a roof surface or into a roof valley!

10. A minimum of two pipe bands will be used for every downspout or every ten feet of downspout to fix the vertical pipe to the house.

11. “Internal” or “hidden” hangers with screws will be used instead of gutter nails. These internal hangers are far superior to old-fashioned nails that must be located precisely in the ends of rafters, ceiling joists or trusses to work properly.

12. “Two-by” ( 2 X 6 or 2 X 8) lumber will be used instead of one-inch planks now used to make the fascia. The lumber will be covered with pre-coated aluminum to permanently seal the wood from the elements. This will allow the internal hangers to be placed every twenty-four inches with little need for precision.

13. A gutter hanger will be at least six inches from the center of an outlet.

Too often houses are designed for curb appeal and the roof is not a considered as a functional system to protect the home from the elements but as a fashion statement. The gratuitous use of steep slopes, valleys, ridges, dormers, gables and even turrets will only decrease the long-term value of a house. Reducing water run-off and enhancing the irrigation needs of the landscaping can be a huge benefit to the environment. The cost to replace roofs, clean and maintain gutters and the potential damage from water intrusion must be balanced with the aesthetics of the home: form follows function; beauty is found in the functionality of the design.

The Importance of Electricians

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Ever since Benjamin Franklin went outside with his kite during a thunderstorm, electricity has ruled the world. All you have to do to understand this is to remember what it was like the last time your power went out for an evening. Nothing worked. No computer, no refrigerator and more importantly, no TV. Electricity runs everything important in our lives and when it malfunctions, somebody has to fix it, somebody who knows what they’re doing, that is. Electricity has the power to run things when it works smoothly, but, it can also burn things and kill people if misused. Of all the household accidents in this country, home electrical repairs ranks second in accidents right behind falling off ladders – only home electrical repair accidents are more deadly than falling off ladders.

Good electricians are highly trained individuals with a lot of schooling and practical experience behind them. Before you go sticking your hand into a fuse box, or rewiring the house for power, you have to know a lot about electrical power – the way it moves, how it does what it does, the math and physics behind it and a lot of other things. Everybody feels like a bit of an electrician simply by changing that blown fuse or plugging things in just right or wiring up that complicated TV/VCR/DVD/stereo entertainment center you’ve just bought. You wire it up, plug it in and somehow it all works without any sparks or problems and you feel like you could have been an electrician if you’d really wanted to. Wrong. There is a world of difference between plugging things in and being an electrician.

To begin with the body of mathematics behind electrical work is impressive. Electricity is measured in volts and is a function of voltage, current and resistance – all factors with a complex mathematical relationship. There are laws, not the building codes set in place by municipal governments to insure the safety of houses and commercial buildings, but mathematical laws proven with chalkboards of bizarre looking figures that prove how electricity will function under different circumstances. And there are unions. In fact the Electrical Workers Union (EWU) is one of the strongest unions in America protecting the integrity of the profession from scammers and schemers.

History of Granite and Marble

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Natural stones are rock formations formed by nature. These stones are formed naturally by enormous pressure under the earth. Natural stones were used in decorating and sculpturing right from the moment civilization was born. These natural stones are time tested for their natural beauty. Ancient buildings and monuments made of natural stones during early civilizations still stand erect narrating the beauty and durability of natural stones.

Modern people want to make their home stand out of the rest and they used natural stones for their floors and walls to bring about eternal beauty.

Granite and marble are two main natural stones widely used in the stone industry. These stones are used in constructions as well as in monumental sculpture. Commercially, these stones are mined for use as architectural stones for flooring, cladding, curbing, counter tops and much more to be used at home.

Granite is a widely occurring igneous rock. The texture of granite is generally medium to coarse grains. Porphyritic texture is very common in granite rocks. Various colors of granite stones are widely available and most of the times, granite is available as a massive rock. The beauty of granite is attributed to the deposits like quartz, feldspar, and mica. Consistent granite has same pattern throughout the stone. Variegated granite has various veins forming different patterns that are not easy to match.

It was the ancient Egyptians who quarried granite exclusively for use in various constructions. Most of their monuments were built using granite and limestone. The only remaining ancient wonder, The Great Pyramid of Cheops was built using limestone. The famous Pharaoh which is a symbol of outstanding Egyptian civilization was built with granite blocks. The Egyptians had marvelous sculpting skills and the granite blocks of Pharaoh were sewn in a perfect manner that you can’t slide even a piece of paper between the rocks.

Pure white marble is a metamorphic rock of very pure limestone. Marble is found extensively in various countries like Belgium, France, Great Britain, Greece, India, Spain and Italy. From classical times, pure white marble was considered as the best of its kind. In the beginning, only white marble was considered worthy and colored marble was considered impure. However, this belief was just short-lived because very soon, ancient civilizations appreciated colored marbles too and used colored marbles in various monuments and sculptures even though pure white marble is always regarded high. Freshly quarried marble is easy to sculpture and the stone hardens as it ages.

Ancient Greeks were very much advanced in civilization and they were really fascinated about marble. Finest architecture and sculpting are specialties of Greek architecture and marble has been used in various Greek buildings. Exquisite statues with detailed carvings were made out of marble. Buildings built using Marble lasted for several ages. The Parthenon which was built in 441-437 BC is considered as a symbol of ancient Greek civilization and this scintillating building was built using Pentelicon marble.

The Greek empire extensively used marbles in their constructions. Temple of Artemis is one of the ancient wonders of the world and it consists of 127 marble columns each of which is 5 stories tall. It was the first grand structure made using marble. The magnificent construction was destroyed by various civilizations that took over Greece, but you can still find foundation and a few columns of the wondrous marbles.

When natural stones were widely used in constructing monuments and temples, it was the Greek empire that brought marble to personal use. References to baths and pools lined with marble can be seen in ancient literature. Thassos marble was widely used in bathrooms and this type of marble is still quarried today for commercial uses. Building constructions using marble was popular in India too and the Taj Mahal, one of the Seven Wonders of the World was constructed using pure white marble stones.

After the Egyptian and Greek civilizations made some wonders with natural stones of granite and marble, the Roman Empire decided to try its hands on both granite and marble. Many of the roads of the Roman Empire were built using granite. Public baths became popular in Rome and these baths were made of granite. Pantheon in Rome used granite stones for columns and you can see these columns standing tall even today.

Romans loved granite and marble for different reasons. They used granite extensively for constructions because the stone is highly durable and strong. Marble was mainly used for aesthetic reasons because Romans believed marble to be the most beautiful stone. Construction pattern of Egyptians and Greek was different from Romans. While the former civilizations used massive granite and marble stones to build constructions, Romans used bricks and mortar for buildings and then, lined them with marble and granite slabs. It is because of this reason that Romans were able to build marble cities in a short duration.

The renaissance period is a golden period for all types of artwork. Artists and sculptors were interested in using natural stones for their artwork. Quarrying methods were improved by the time and technical use was invented. Innovative and novel users of natural stones increased during the renaissance period. Famous Michelangelo made several beautiful sculptures out of marble. Ornate decorations made using marble and granite were used in decorating churches, temples and other buildings of magnificent nature. Meanwhile, natural stones were carved into decorative pieces for use at home.

It was only during modern times that natural stones were brought close to mankind. Quarrying techniques were improved greatly and there was no need for men to die in quarries dealing with dynamites. Innovative technologies were used in mining natural stones. Also, the world started thinking about eco friendly materials to be used to construct homes. Architects and designers were overly enthusiastic about natural stones that were used in building monuments. In the last decade, people preferred to use more durable, yet stylish materials for constructing homes.

Marble and granite are available in various patterns and colors and it was not easy to find the same pattern of stones. This uniqueness of natural stones made people want for more use of natural stones. In the ancient periods, marble and granite were used for lining and decoration. People trusted durable stones and lay flooring using granite and marble. Apart from their baths, living room, bed room and other rooms in the home had natural stone flooring.

Even though natural stones add exquisite beauty to the home, they are highly porous in nature. Harsh substances can easily damage these natural stones. However, thanks to latest technologies, that it is possible to add more strength to the stones and seal the porous nature so that these stones can be used extensively at homes. It was only during the last few years that countertops made of marble and granite became popular.

Natural and exquisite stones which were only used by kings and emperors are now available for a common man because floor tiles made of natural stones are much more affordable now. Consumers must be very cautious while buying floor tiles and countertops made of marble and granite because natural stones are now made synthetically too. If you prefer aesthetic beauty for your stylish family, always ensure that you buy natural stones that were widely preferred by aristocrats of the past.

History and Features of the Cast Iron Mailbox

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The very first cast iron mailboxes were used in Russia in the 19th century. Russia was the first country to provide public post boxes and they started with letter boxes made of wood. However these were lightweight and frequently stolen. In response, Russia introduced the considerably heavier cast iron boxes that could weigh up to 45 kilograms.

The United States postal service began employing mailboxes during the late 1800s. They purchased these mailboxes from the Danville Stove and Manufacturing Company, which was also known as Beaver Stoves. During the turn of the century and the early 1900s one could see post boxes with the Beaver logo around the country.

One of these antique mailboxes is still in use at Disney World in Orlando, Florida. Wall mounted letterboxes made of cast iron were also popular for home use during the first half of the twentieth century. Today mailboxes are seeing a resurgence in popularity, both for their sturdiness and their aesthetic qualities. Many neighborhoods have encountered repeated attacks on mailboxes from people driving by wielding baseball.

One response has been to purchase letterboxes that can withstand a hit, such as those made out of cast iron. Besides standing up to brute force, cast iron wall mounted mailboxes can hinder theft. Many have letter slots and hinged lids that lock. As long as the lock is as sturdy as the rest of the mailbox, personal correspondence and the information within is safe from mail theft. Others prefer it for its non-utilitarian features. They are usually black and generally more ornate than a typical mailbox, embossed with designs. In addition, it lasts for years.

So, those looking for antique mail boxes as authentic finishing touches to their period homes should have no trouble finding the right wall mounted letterbox. However, if they have not been properly cared for, these antique boxes will likely be rusty. To restore the mailbox first rub down all surfaces with steel wool to remove the rust. Then wipe down the mailbox to remove any dirt or dust. Finally, dip a cloth in oil or unsalted fat and rub it into the mailbox. This last step prevents rust and adds shine and will need to be repeated periodically.

Why Plumbers Are So Expensive?

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Many home-owners can attest to the fact that plumbers charge very high rates for their services. Not only are labor charges usually well over $100/hr but many times this expense is augmented with high fees for materials as well. With such high rates many customers find themselves asking whether or not plumbers are deliberately trying to gouge them for their expert services. The answer to this question is usually no. There are a couple of main reasons that plumbing repairs tend to be so expensive and they don’t have anything to do with the plumber’s desire to exploit customers.

One of the main reasons that plumbing repairs are so costly is that there is a shortage of licensed plumbers in most large metropolitan areas. Obtaining a plumbing license is very difficult in most states and often requires extensive work experience. Not only is there a work experience requirement but there are usually one or more written exams that test a would-be plumber’s knowledge of local building codes. This means that individuals seeking a the license of master plumber have to be very committed to that line of work. Many service professionals will choose to obtain a general contractors license which is generally much easier and has far fewer requirements. Whenever there is a shortage of a commodity(in this case licensed plumbers) coupled with a strong demand for that commodity market forces will drive the price up.

In addition to licensed plumber being in short supply, the costs of plumbing repairs are also high because of overhead expenses. Most plumbing companies will carry premium liability insurance to protect themselves from any problems that may arise as a result of work done in a home. These policies tend to be more expensive for plumbers since water damage is one of the most costly things to repair for an insurance company. These costs are accounted for in the premiums companies pay and are then passed on to the consumer as a part of the service fee.

These are just a few of the reasons that plumbing repairs can be so expensive. While it might be tempting to look for a handyman to keep costs down, it is much safer in the long run to hire a licensed plumber to get the job done right the first time.

Design of Rain Gutter Systems For Home Construction

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After I received the 2008 edition of the State of Michigan building code I eagerly looked through the table of contents for rain gutters only to find no mention of these troubling troughs that hang at the edges of a roof. So I looked to the index only to be disappointed again. There was no mention specifically of rain gutter systems to be found. I am a licensed building contractor here in Michigan and have been repairing, reworking and cleaning gutters for over five years. Gutters are not designed into a house; they are simply tacked on as an afterthought by workers of various skills and abilities.

The long term maintenance problems and damage caused by poorly designed and installed gutters cost millions of dollars. Millions of dollars from injuries and even the death of homeowners trying to clean their gutters must also be taken into account. Start with the grade; how does water naturally flow around the house? The roof and gutters should be oriented so the water flows away from the house and never over walks, drives, decks or patios. A cistern to hold water for irrigation can then be the starting point for the design of your house.

Here are several design details that should be incorporated into the building code:

1. A downspout is required for a run of gutter not to exceed twenty feet. This will allow for slope of 1/20″ per linear foot giving proper drainage. This will decrease molds, mildew and breeding grounds for mosquitoes. Subtract one foot for every inside or outside mitered corner. Example: a run of gutter with two turns should not exceed 18′ without a downspout.

2. Downspouts will be of the “commercial” (3″ X 4″ or 4″ round) size. The larger pipe will not clog with leaves and seeds as easily.

3. Gutters draining upper roofs over lower roofs must be accessible by ladder from the ground.

4.Downspouts will be fixed to the gutter by cutting tabs into the bottom of the trough then bending them down to allow a screw or pop rivet to fix the downspout to the gutter. This eliminates the outlet flange which leaks and causes leaves and seeds to catch.

5. One-piece “offset” elbows will be used instead of two-piece elbows that are commonly assembled on-site now. In my experience I have yet to see these one-piece offsets clog. The upper two-piece elbow is where the vast majority of clogs are found. Many times the entire downspout has to be removed and taken apart to clear the clog.

6. The vertical pipe will have a maximum of three turns; two at the outlet for the gutter and one at bottom extension.

7. Downspout pipes that are not vertical must be avoided!

8. The bottom of the lower elbow will be at least one foot above the grade with a four foot extension.

9. Downspouts or gutters will NEVER be let out onto a roof surface or into a roof valley!

10. A minimum of two pipe bands will be used for every downspout or every ten feet of downspout to fix the vertical pipe to the house.

11. “Internal” or “hidden” hangers with screws will be used instead of gutter nails. These internal hangers are far superior to old-fashioned nails that must be located precisely in the ends of rafters, ceiling joists or trusses to work properly.

12. “Two-by” ( 2 X 6 or 2 X 8) lumber will be used instead of one-inch planks now used to make the fascia. The lumber will be covered with pre-coated aluminum to permanently seal the wood from the elements. This will allow the internal hangers to be placed every twenty-four inches with little need for precision.

13. A gutter hanger will be at least six inches from the center of an outlet.

Too often houses are designed for curb appeal and the roof is not a considered as a functional system to protect the home from the elements but as a fashion statement. The gratuitous use of steep slopes, valleys, ridges, dormers, gables and even turrets will only decrease the long-term value of a house. Reducing water run-off and enhancing the irrigation needs of the landscaping can be a huge benefit to the environment. The cost to replace roofs, clean and maintain gutters and the potential damage from water intrusion must be balanced with the aesthetics of the home: form follows function; beauty is found in the functionality of the design.

Reasons For The Failure Of Your SEO Services For Your Business

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SEO services are the key factors for the development of any business. And thus, it is also necessary to go through the services applied and then return received from it at a regular interval of time. Just simply hiring SEO Los Angeles is not the end of your task. Maintaining the services is also important. But how can one know whether the services are working for their company or not. Following points will give you hints whether the SEO services are working or not.

Giving less time to it

SEO is not the job of few hours or days. It takes several months to develop the website or SEO to the level of success. Appropriate time should be given to the services. A lot of time and money is to be spent for Search Engine Optimization services to make it working positively for the company. Also after it starts working, you need to spend time for its maintenance.

Redesigning of website

When you do not receive enough clicks from the links built, old design of the site, poor content, etc. your site lacks digital marketing services. For this, the site should be hence redesigned so that it receives enough feedback. Also of your site takes much time to load, it requires a new design which is search engine friendly.

Old SEO techniques

The SEO services should be regularly updated. The use of old techniques and tools gives you poor ranking on the Google and other search engines. Hence, the tools used for the determination of the search engines should be regularly updates along with the keywords and content.

• Poor response

When you do not receive appropriate traffic from the links and SEO services used, it shows the lack of Search Engine Optimization services. The website when does not respond to the clicks by loading with appropriate speed, gives less details, etc it is a sign that you need to update your SEO services. The irresponsible website will not gain you actual and appropriate clients due to poor links.

Poor social media services

The social media gives the website a large number of clicks. When the social media advertising is low by any SEO services, it doesn’t help the website to get enough traffic. The links created to the social media sites like Facebook, Twitter, Google mail, etc. it doesn’t work effectively for the website. Hence the necessity to develop proper links arises.

The SEO services when do not respond to the website by giving proper business, it is time to check and redesign the website or links for gaining attraction of the search engines. For this, it is necessary to give time and maintain the SEO services.

Robotic surgery

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In 1985 a robot, the PUMA 560, was used to place a needle for a brain biopsy using CT guidance. In 1988, the PROBOT, developed at Imperial College London, was used to perform prostatic surgery. The ROBODOC from Integrated Surgical Systems was introduced in 1992 to mill out precise fittings in the femur for hip replacement. Further development of robotic systems was carried out by Intuitive Surgical with the introduction of the da Vinci Surgical System and Computer Motion with the AESOP and the ZEUS robotic surgical system. (Intuitive Surgical bought Computer Motion in 2003; ZEUS is no longer being actively marketed.)

The da Vinci Surgical System comprises three components: a surgeon console, a patient-side robotic cart with 4 arms manipulated by the surgeon (one to control the camera and three to manipulate instruments), and a high-definition 3D vision system. Articulating surgical instruments are mounted on the robotic arms which are introduced into the body through cannulas. The surgeon hand movements are scaled and filtered to eliminate hand tremor then translated into micro-movements of the proprietary instruments. The camera used in the system provides a true stereoscopic picture transmitted to a surgeon’s console. The da Vinci System is FDA cleared for a variety of surgical procedures including surgery for prostate cancer, hysterectomy and mitral valve repair, and is used in more than 800 hospitals in the Americas and Europe. The da Vinci System was used in 48,000 procedures in 2006 and sells for about $1.2 million.[citation needed] The new da Vinci HD SI released in April, 2009 currently sells for $1.75 million. The first robotic surgery took place at The Ohio State University Medical Center in Columbus, Ohio under the direction of Dr. Robert E. Michler, Professor and Chief, Cardiothoracic Surgery.<McConnell PI, Schneeberger EW, Michler RE. History and development of robotic cardiac surgery. Problems in General Surgery 2003;20:62-72.>

In 1997 a reconnection of the fallopian tubes operation was performed successfully in Cleveland using ZEUS.

In May 1998, Dr. Friedrich-Wilhelm Mohr using the Da Vinci surgical robot performed the first robotically assisted heart bypass at the Leipzig Heart Centre in Germany.

On 2 September 1999, Dr. Randall Wolf and Dr. Robert Michler performed the first robotically assisted heart bypass in the USA at The Ohio State University.

In October 1999 the world’s first surgical robotics beating heart coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) was performed in Canada by Dr. Douglas Boyd and Dr. Reiza Rayman using the ZEUS surgical robot.

In 2001, Prof. Marescaux used the “Zeus” robot to perform gall bladder surgery on a patient in Strasbourg, France while in New York.

In September 2001, Dr. Michel Gagner used the Zeus robotic system to perform a cholecystectomy on a woman in Strasbourg, France while in New York.

In May 2006 the first AI doctor conducted unassisted surgery on a 34 year old male to correct heart arrythmia. The results were rated as better than an above average human surgeon. The machine had a database of 10,000 similar operations and so in the words of its designers was “more than qualified to operate on any patient”. The designers believe that robots can replace half of all surgeons within 15 years.[citation needed]
In February 2008, Dr. Mohan S. Gundeti of the University of Chicago Comer Children’s Hospital performed the first robotic pediatric neurogenic bladder reconstruction. The operation was performed on a 10-year-old girl.

In January 2009, Dr. Todd Tillmanns reported results of the largest multi-institutional study on the use of da-Vinci robotic surgical system in gynecologic oncology and included learning curves for current and new users as a method to assess acquisition of their skills using the device.

In January 2009, the first all robotic-assisted kidney transplant was performed at Saint Barnabas Medical Center in Livingston, New Jersey by Dr. Stuart Geffner. The same team performed eight more fully robotic-assisted kidney transplants in the next six-month period.

In September 2009, TAMPA, Fla. – A woman whose husband died after a doctor using a surgical robot accidentally cut two of his main blood vessels is suing the hospital. Al Greenway’s widow is suing St. Joseph’s Hospital, saying it’s at fault for her husband’s October 2002 death. Brenda Greenway says hospital administrators allowed doctors inexperienced with the $1 million robot to perform her husband’s surgery, which was to remove a cancerous kidney. Greenway, a 53-year-old Desert Storm veteran and Plant High School science teacher, died when the surgeon cut his abdominal aorta, which provides blood to the abdominal organs and legs, and the inferior vena cava, the neighboring vein that returns that blood to the heart.

Applications

General surgery

Many general surgical procedures can now be performed using the state of the art robotic surgical system. In 2007, the. University of Illinois at Chicago medical team, lead by Prof. Pier Cristoforo Giulianotti, performed the world’s first ever robotic pancreatectomy and also the Midwests fully robotic Whipple surgery, which is the most complicated and demanding procedure of the abdomen. In April 2008, the same team of surgeons performed the world’s first fully minimally invasive liver resection for living donor transplantation, removing 60% of the patient’s liver, yet allowing him to leave the hospital just a couple of days after the procedure, in very good condition. Furthermore the patient can also leave with less pain than a usual surgery due to the four puncture holes and not a scar by a surgeon .

Cardiothoracic surgery

Robot-assisted MIDCAB and Endoscopic coronary artery bypass (TECAB) surgeries are being performed with the da Vinci system. Mitral valve repairs and replacements have been performed. East Carolina University, Greenville (Dr W. Randolph Chitwood), Saint Joseph’s Hospital, Atlanta (Dr Douglas A. Murphy), and Good Samaritan Hospital, Cincinnati (Dr J. Michael Smith) have popularized this procedure and proved its durability with multiple publications. Since the first robotic cardiac procedure performed in the USA in 1999, The Ohio State University, Columbus (Dr. Robert E. Michler, Dr. Juan Crestanello, Dr. Paul Vesco) has performed CABG, mitral valve[[, esophagectomy, lung resection, tumor resections, among other robotic assisted procedures and serves as a training site for other surgeons. In 2002, surgeons at the Cleveland Clinic in Florida (Dr. Douglas Boyd and Kenneth Stahl) reported and published their preliminary experience with minimally invasive “hybrid” procedures. These procedures combined robotic revascularization and coronary stenting and further expanded the role of robots in coronary bypass to patients with disease in multiple vessels.

Cardiology and electrophysiology

The Stereotaxis Magnetic Navigation System (MNS) has been developed to increase precision and safety in ablation procedures for arrhythmias and atrial fibrillation while reducing radiation exposure for the patient and physician, and the system utilizes two magnets to remotely steerable catheters. The system allows for automated 3-D mapping of the heart and vasculature, and MNS has also been used in interventional cardiology for guiding stents and leads in PCI and CTO procedures, proven to reduce contrast usage and access tortuous anatomy unreachable by manual navigation. Dr. Andrea Natale has referred to the new Stereotaxis procedures with the magnetic irrigated catheters as “revolutionary.”

The Hansen Medical Sensei robotic catheter system uses a remotely operated system of pulleys to navigate a steerable sheath for catheter guidance. It allows precise and more forceful positioning of catheters used for 3-D mapping of the heart and vasculature. The system provides doctors with estimated force feedback information and feasible manipulation within the left atrium of the heart. The Sensei has been associated with mixed acute success rates compared to manual, commensurate with higher procedural complications, longer procedure times but lower fluoroscopy dosage to the patient.

Gastrointestinal surgery

Multiple types of procedures have been performed with either the Zeus or da Vinci robot systems, including bariatric surgery.

Gynecology

Robotic surgery in gynecology is one of the fastest growing fields of robotic surgery. This includes the use of the da Vinci surgical system in benign gynecology and gynecologic oncology. Robotic surgery can be used to treat fibroids, abnormal periods, endometriosis, ovarian tumors, pelvic prolapse, and female cancers. Using the robotic system, gynecologists can perform hysterectomies, myomectomies, and lymph node biopsies. The need for large abdominal incisions is virtually eliminated.

Robot assisted hysterectomies and cancer staging are being performed using da Vinci robotic system. The University of Tennessee, Memphis (Dr. Todd Tillmanns, Dr. Saurabh Kumar), Northwestern University (Dr. Patrick Lowe), Aurora Health Center (Dr. Scott Kamelle), West Virginia University (Dr. Jay Bringman) and The University of Tennessee, Chattanooga (Dr. Donald Chamberlain) have extensively studied the use of robotic surgery and found it to improve morbidity and mortality of patients with gynecologic cancers. They have also for the first time reported robotic surgery learning curves for current and new users as a method to assess acquisition of their skills using the device.

Neurosurgery

Several systems for stereotactic intervention are currently on the market. MD Robotic’s NeuroArm is the world first MRI-compatible surgical robot.

Orthopedics

The ROBODOC system was released in 1992 by Integrated Surgical Systems, Inc. which merged into CUREXO Technology Corporation. Also, The Acrobot Company Ltd. sells the “[[Acrobot Sculptor==”, a robot that constrains a bone cutting tool to a pre-defined volume. Another example is the CASPAR robot produced by U.R.S.-Ortho GmbH & Co. KG, which is used for total hip replacement, total knee replacement and anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction.

Pediatrics

Surgical robotics has been used in many types of pediatric surgical procedures including: tracheoesophageal fistula repair, cholecystectomy, nissen fundoplication, morgagni’s hernia repair, kasai portoenterostomy, congenital diaphragmatic hernia repair, and others. On January 17, 2002, surgeons at Children’s Hospital of Michigan in Detroit performed the nation’s first advanced computer-assisted robot-enhanced surgical procedure at a children’s hospital.

The Center for Robotic Surgery at Children’s Hospital Boston provides a high level of expertise in pediatric robotic surgery. Specially-trained surgeons use a high-tech robot to perform complex and delicate operations through very small surgical openings. The results are less pain, faster recoveries, shorter hospital stays, smaller scars, and happier patients and families.

In 2001, Children’s Hospital Boston was the first pediatric hospital to acquire a surgical robot. Today, surgeons use the technology for many procedures and perform more pediatric robotic surgeries than any other hospital in the world. Children’s Hospital physicians have developed a number of new applications to expand the use of the robot, and train surgeons from around the world on its use.

Radiosurgery

The CyberKnife Robotic Radiosurgery System uses image-guidance and computer controlled robotics to treat tumors throughout the body by delivering multiple beams of high-energy radiation to the tumor from virtually any direction.

Urology

The da Vinci robot is commonly used to remove the prostate gland for cancer, repair obstructed kidneys, repair bladder abnormalities and remove diseased kidneys. New minimally invasive robotic devices using steerable flexible needles are currently being developed for use in prostate brachytherapy. A few leading urologists in the field of robotic urological surgery are Drs. David Samadi, Ashutosh Tewari, Mani Menon, Peter Schlegel, Douglas Scherr and Darracott Vaughan.

Miniature robotics

As scientists seek to improve the versatility and utility of robotics in surgery, some are attempting to miniaturize the robots. For example, the University of Nebraska Medical Center has led a multi-campus effort to provide collaborative research on mini-robotics among surgeons, engineers and computer scientists.

See also

Telemedicine

Vattikuti Urology Institute

NeuroArm

CyberKnife

Da Vinci Surgical System

Remote Magnetic Navigation

Zeus Surgical System

Robot-assisted heart surgery

Surgical Segment Navigator

Computer assisted surgery

Bone segment navigation

Stereolithography (medicine)

Robotic prostatectomy

Patient registration

Robot-assisted heart surgery

References

^ FDA: Computer-Assisted Surgery: An Update

^ VMW Monthly

^ BNET

^ http://www.ircad.fr/lindbergh/index.php?lng=en

^ Autonomous Robotic Surgeon performs surgery on first live human

^ Robot surgeon carries out 9 hour operation by itself

^ Surgeons perform world’s first pediatric robotic bladder reconstruction

^ New Robot Technology Eases Kidney Transplants, CBS News, June 22, 2009 – accessed July 8, 2009

^ Ahmed K; Khan MS; Vats A; Nagpal K; Priest O; Patel V; Vecht JA; Ashrafian H; et al. (Oct 2009). Current status of robotic assisted pelvic surgery and future developments. Int J Surg. 7:431-440
^ TCAI Press Release, March 3rd, 2009: http://news.prnewswire.com/ViewContent.aspx?ACCT=109&STORY=/www/story/03-03-2009/0004982135&EDATE

^ Natale et al., Lessons Learned and Techniques Altered Following Early Experience of the Hansen Robotic System During Catheter Ablation of Atrial Fibrillation, Poster Session II, HRS 2008

^ Barnebei et al., Lahey Clinic, presented at HRS 2009: PO04-35 – Robotic versus Manual Catheter Ablation for Atrial Fibrillation

^ R. Liew, L. Richmond, V. Baker, F. Goromonzi, G. Thomas, M. Finlay, M. Dhinoja, M. Earley, S. Sporton, R. Schilling, National Heart Centre – Singapore – Singapore, Barts and the London NHS Trust – London – United Kingdom European Heart Journal ( 2009 ) 30 ( Abstract Supplement ), 910

^ ROBODOC history

^ Acrobot Sculptor

^ Siebert, W.; Mai, Sabine; Kober, Rudolf; Heeckt, Peter F. (2004-12-30). “Chapter 12 – Total knee replacement: robotic assistive technique”. in DiGioia, Anthony M.; Jaramaz, Branislav; Picard, Frederic et al.. Computer and robotic assisted hip and knee surgery. Oxford University Press. pp. 127156. ISBN 019850943X. 

^ Children’s Hospital Center for Robotic Surgery

^ UC Berkeley: Needle Steering

^ Johns Hopkins University: Needle Steering

^ Quick, Innovative Procedure Minimizes Prostate Incontinence After Prostatectomy

^ How is Prostate Cancer Detected?

^ The Robot Surgeon

^ Robot Provides Guiding Hand

^ ABC TV-Benefits of Robotic Surgery, retrieved may 7, 2009

^ Fox News TV- The Robot Is In, retrieved May 7, 2009

^ Orlive.com- Robotic Assisted Prostatectomy, Retrieved May 7, 2009

^ New Scientist Magazine, January 2006

Sources

Monkman. G.J., S. Hesse, R. Steinmann & H. Schunk Robot Grippers – Wiley, Berlin 2007.

Fchtmeier. B., S. Egersdoerfer, R. Mai, R. Hente, D. Dragoi, G.J. Monkman & M. Nerlich – Reduction of femoral shaft fractures in vitro by a new developed reduction robot system “RepoRobo” – Injury – 35 ppSA113-119, Elsevier 2004.

Daniel Ichbiah. Robots : From Science Fiction to Technological Revolution.

Dharia SP, Falcone T. Robotics in reproductive medicine. Fertil Steril 84:1-11,2005.

Pott PP, Scharf H-P, Schwarz MLR, Today State of the Art of surgical Robotics, Journal of Computer Aided Surgery, 10,2, 101-132, 2005.

Lorincz A, Langenburg S, Klein MD. Robotics and the pediatric surgeon. Curr Opin Pediatr. 2003 Jun;15(3):262-6.

Campbell A, Larenzo xR3Nz0x Jun. 14 1994

Categories: Surgery | Computer assisted surgery | Surgical robots | Telehealth | Medical informaticsHidden categories: NPOV disputes from February 2010 | All NPOV disputes | All articles with unsourced statements | Articles with unsourced statements from March 2008 | Articles with unsourced statements from December 2009

Garage Door Services and Repairs

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A garage door is more important to a house than some may think. It sets the tone of your house and depending on the condition can make it look newer or older. This is true for repairs as well. Between motor repairs and paint peeling repairs there is a lot to consider when using it to compliment your home.

Hiring a professional for garage door repair is something to look into. They have the skill and the knowledge to detect what is wrong and fix it perfectly and safely. Don’t try and fix it yourself if you don’t know what you’re doing because you can damage the door or severely injure yourself. Plus, it doesn’t help that you probably don’t have all the right tools that a professional has. That could end up costing you more.

Of course, as a home owner you naturally want to take care of business on your own. But sometimes it’s easier and safer to hire someone. The garage door is one of the most dangerous things to maintain replace and repair by yourself. It is actually the largest moving part of your house and it can way up to 400lbs. It also has parts such as high tension springs and chains which could honestly be fatal. It is definitely not a guaranteed safe thing to mess around with.

A professional can make sure to have it running smoothly and function properly by installing correct parts and removing damaged parts that are hard to detect if you don’t know what you’re doing. If the smallest detail isn’t done correctly it can cause the entire door to fall off the tracking. This can be dangerous to you, your car and your property.

Of course everyone wants to know about the cost. Garage door prices are cheaper now than they have ever been. A spring or a roller needing replacement can be less expensive if a technician replaces it than if you try and do it yourself. Sometimes you don’t even have to pay the trip fee if your garage door seller sends out repair people to assess the problem.

If you do it yourself you could be damaging your door worse. If you put the wrong part whether it is the brand, size, material or maybe just a completely different part all together it could cost you more time and more money. Hiring a professional will help you get the job done, and get the job done right.

The Biggest Mistakes People Make Building a Wood Fence

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People build fences everyday and most are built correctly but most could also be built a little better. By applying the little known tips below you can build a fence that will last longer and look better.

You start a fence by making holes spaced about every 8 feet apart for the 4x4x8′ treated posts. These holes should be dug 2 feet deep with a post hole digger. Most people stop right there with a cylinder shaped hole since digging these holes is the most strenuous part of fence building. To ensure the post is well anchored the fence installer should use the post hole digger at an angle around the whole diameter of this hole to make a ball shaped anchor at the bottom of the cylinder. A post hole dug in this manner is much more secure and stable.

Another mistake people make is not realizing the fact that wood never sticks to concrete. Drive by any concrete job and you will notice they use wood forms to frame the concrete held up by nails and wood stakes. The next day the concrete workers take the nails out and these wood forms just fall off of the concrete. Another problem is bugs and water in the soil can deteriorate the wood posts. To prevent these problems the fence builder should put black roof tar on the bottom two feet of the fence post that enters the ground. This will prevent the post from rotting and enables the concrete to stick to the posts.

After the posts are leveled and set you should allow them to dry for one whole day before nailing on them. If you start nailing on them before the concrete is completely set you will knock the posts out of level.

Many people build a fence with only two rails to nail their fence slats to. To build a secure fence that will last for years, three rails should be used. The top rail should be placed on the top of the fence posts lying in a horizontal position. The fence slats should not be installed more than 8″ above this top rail. If so they will tend to twist and turn with age. The bottom rail shouldn’t be more than 8″ above the bottom of the fence slats for the same reason. The center rail should be placed evenly between the top and bottom rails. Although the top rail is placed in the horizontal position the middle and bottom rail should be placed vertically. This will prevent these rails from warping and makes a far better looking and stronger fence.

Ask any roofer about water drainage and he will tell you that water always goes in one direction – and that is down. He is almost correct but he doesn’t understand the lip or linger factor. There is one instance where water can and will travel up, and every fence builder should be aware of. This is also the reason why fascia boards almost always rot and warp.

Have you ever walked by a house with wood siding or a wood fence and noticed the bottom of the painted wood is bubbling and rotten? The paint or wood sealer should have protected the wood from moisture to prevent it from rotting however the installers weren’t aware of the lip or linger factor.

Many contractors never seal the bottom lip of the wood. Over the years as water drains down the face of the wood it lingers on the exposed bottom lip and begins to soak up into the wood causing it to rot.

If you want to water seal or paint your new fence, always be certain to coat the top and bottom lip.

Tips and Advice on Hiring a Commercial Electrician

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orlando electricians We are the best electricians in the Orlando area, and this article is presented by us. Hope to work with you soon! Give us a call today about electric and you won’t be disapointed!

Deciding to get some wiring in your warehouse or big business can be a large project to undertake. There are a lot of things that you need to consider before you go about finishing the job. One of those major tasks is hiring a commercial electrician to do the proper job of getting the building rewired and safe for you to operate in. Thinking about a few things before you hire anyone is a smart move. You should keep these tips and advice in mind when you start looking to hire the right commercial electrician for the job.

One thing that you should make sure to do before hiring an electrician is to make sure that they are licensed. This is something that is extremely important because you want to make sure that you are hiring someone who is fully qualified at their job. Being licensed also means that they would be fully covered with insurance. You do not want to hire someone who does not have insurance because if something were to go wrong, your company would be responsible. With insurance, they are the ones that will be responsible.

Another thing you should do is make sure to check their references and see what kind of work they have done in the past. You should make sure that they have undertaken a job of that magnitude before and if possible, check to see if you can get references from the people who hired them to do their commercial wiring as well. This only strengthens the chance that they will be good at their job and will do the best job for you as well.

Before hiring your electrician, make sure to ask them questions. You should know if they have any concerns about the job before they actually take it on. This will also give you a chance to see if there will be anything else that they think the job needs or if they think something would be better for the building you are operating in, compared to what it is that you want. You want an upfront and honest electrician, that way you can trust they will complete the job and do a good and proper job.

Hiring an electrician is the best thing for you to do when you are rewiring or building that brand new building that you own. It not only will save your company time and money, but it could save you a lot of trouble in the end. You need to have the job done well, and you want a professional to do it. Following the tips and advice above should get you the best electrician for the job.

Gutters and Repairing Or Replacing Gutter Nails – Gutters Sagging Or Falling Off? Some Simple Repair

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gutter install orlando We are the best Gutter repair / installation team in the Orlando area, and this article is presented by us. Hope to work with you soon! Give us a call today about gutters and you won’t be disapointed!

Cleaning and maintaining rain gutters may be one of the most ignored tasks for home owners. We will only drag out the ladder when the gutters are overflowing; water leaking into the basement or there are so many maple seedlings growing our houses look like a Chia Pet. You don’t need me to remind you that cleaning the gutters twice a year is a must. The spring cleaning, after the seeds and helicopters come down, is the most important. Many seeds float and quickly make their way to the downspout where it will become clogged in no time. In the fall the weather can change fast and the cold and wet is miserable and dangerous for ladder climbing. I have been in the gutter repair and maintenance business for more than five years and I can tell you late spring cleaning is critical to yearly gutter maintenance.

But you’re saying that you clean the gutters twice yearly and the dang things are still hanging off the house with water pooling far away from the downspout giving mosquitoes a perfect breeding pond for their eggs. What is happening is the nails are pulling out of the house and need to be hammered back in. This is a simple and effective way to extend the working life of your gutters indefinitely. The next time you’re at the hardware store get a hammer belt hook. This small thick leather devise with a heavy wire loop and slots for your belt is a safe way to carry a claw hammer up and down the ladder. As you move along cleaning the gutter, hammer the nails back in but do not crush the gutter. You should be able to reach three nails but be careful to never reach out to far. A good rule of thumb is to always keep your shoulders within the width of the ladder.

A few solid hits should tighten the nail but what if the nail remains loose? A properly installed nail must penetrate the end of the truss, rafter or ceiling joist. The fascia, nailed to the ends of the trusses, is less than an inch thick and ¼ inch gutter nails will split the plank then the nail will come loose if done incorrectly. Finding the truss ends is nearly impossible if the fascia has been covered with aluminum or vinyl siding because you can’t see the nails used to fix the fascia in place and trying to measure for the truss ends, even if you’re 1/16 of an inch off, by the third truss you’ll be missing the solid wood necessary to hold the nail.

So you have a gutter that has been ignored for years and you can’t tighten the gutter nail. I have cleaned and repaired thousands and thousands of feet of gutters and the hidden hanger with an integral self-drilling screw is the answer. You can get these hangers at the big-box home store but a better bet is to go to a siding and gutter supply house. It is worth the trip as you’ll be amazed at the selection and variety of gutter products and tools. This type of hidden hanger uses a ¼ inch hex-head drive and easily is screwed through the back of the gutter and into the fascia. The screw is at an angle to increase holding power and because it drills its own hole, it is far superior to nails. The smaller diameter self-drilling screw will not split the plank and if you don’t hit the truss end will still hold for many years. The problem with the hidden hanger is you’ll need clearance to hook it under the upper outside edge of the gutter and then swing it over to clip over the edge of the back of the gutter. If the roof overhang is too great you can’t make the swing without prying up the shingles. If the gutter is hanging away from the roof edge put the hangers in place along the offending length, then push up the gutter as best you can, then drive the screws in. Leave the old nails in place to fill the holes.

Another product is gutter screws that replace the gutter nail. These work well if the old nail was in the truss but pulled out anyway. The screws come with a tube to fit inside the gutter and are slightly larger in diameter. The screw is also longer to bite into solid wood. The preferred screw will have a square drive which is supplied in the box. To install a gutter screw you’ll have to first pull out the old nail with a pair of locking pliers like Vice-Grips. Then simply drive the screw into the old hole, through the tube and into the wood.

Remember to be careful on ladders and wear over-the-ankle lace-up boots. You’ll also need a good battery powered drill/driver, hammer with a belt hook and locking pliers. Keeping those nails tight will extend the life and usefulness of your gutters for years.

Tips and Advice on Hiring a Commercial Electrician

Go ahead and take a look at us and more information about our site, here:
orlando electrician We are the best electricians in the Orlando area, and this article is presented by us. Hope to work with you soon! Give us a call today about electric and you won’t be disapointed!

Deciding to get some wiring in your warehouse or big business can be a large project to undertake. There are a lot of things that you need to consider before you go about finishing the job. One of those major tasks is hiring a commercial electrician to do the proper job of getting the building rewired and safe for you to operate in. Thinking about a few things before you hire anyone is a smart move. You should keep these tips and advice in mind when you start looking to hire the right commercial electrician for the job.

One thing that you should make sure to do before hiring an electrician is to make sure that they are licensed. This is something that is extremely important because you want to make sure that you are hiring someone who is fully qualified at their job. Being licensed also means that they would be fully covered with insurance. You do not want to hire someone who does not have insurance because if something were to go wrong, your company would be responsible. With insurance, they are the ones that will be responsible.

Another thing you should do is make sure to check their references and see what kind of work they have done in the past. You should make sure that they have undertaken a job of that magnitude before and if possible, check to see if you can get references from the people who hired them to do their commercial wiring as well. This only strengthens the chance that they will be good at their job and will do the best job for you as well.

Before hiring your electrician, make sure to ask them questions. You should know if they have any concerns about the job before they actually take it on. This will also give you a chance to see if there will be anything else that they think the job needs or if they think something would be better for the building you are operating in, compared to what it is that you want. You want an upfront and honest electrician, that way you can trust they will complete the job and do a good and proper job.

Hiring an electrician is the best thing for you to do when you are rewiring or building that brand new building that you own. It not only will save your company time and money, but it could save you a lot of trouble in the end. You need to have the job done well, and you want a professional to do it. Following the tips and advice above should get you the best electrician for the job.

Gutter Scoops, Gutter Rakes, and Other Useful Gutter Cleaning Tools

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Gutter repair Orlando We are the best Gutter repair / installation team in the Orlando area, and this article is presented by us. Hope to work with you soon! Give us a call today about gutters and you won’t be disapointed!

Depending on the type of gutter and the amount and type of build-up, there are several gutter cleaning tools available. Some tools can be purchased, some may already be hanging around your house, and others can be made in a few easy steps.

A gutter rake is useful for gutters filled mostly with leaves and other lightweight debris. It is also most useful if your gutters are less than half full. The gutter rake is 4 to 5 feet long and allows you to scrape out your gutters while standing on a ladder. Each end of the rake is shaped differently, allowing you to perform two different functions. On one end is a straight piece that can be used to pull debris toward you. On the other end is a curved piece that ends in an L shape. This tool allows you to push debris under gutter joints and other tight spots so that you can then remove the debris by hand. Both ends of the gutter rake can be used with either wet or dry debris. Many gutter rakes come with a threaded end that can be attached to a broom handle or extension pole, extending your reach even further for very long gutters or hard to reach areas. Although a pole or hoe will work in place of a gutter rake, both tools take longer and have less leverage than a gutter rake.

Another useful tool is a gutter scoop. To make a gutter scoop, simply find a recycled plastic jug with a handle and cut out the bottom at a slight angle. Milk jugs work fine, but heavier plastics, such as those found on bleach bottles or fabric soften bottles will stand up better. Though you can make your own, a purchased gutter scoop is specifically designed to fit your gutters, will likely last longer and usually works better for lifting out heavy debris. In place of purchasing a gutter scoop, you can also use a small hand trowel. Gutter Scoops work with all types of debris, both dry and wet, lightweight and heavy.

If your gutter debris is dry and fairly lightweight, then a leaf blower may be your fastest, easiest option. Simply walk along the roof next to your gutters and blow out the debris. Be sure to move any patio furniture before using this method. Though you can use either a gas or electric leaf blower, the gas model is far superior as it has more power and is cordless, allowing you more flexibility.

Finally, for light to medium debris, you can try using a shopvac to simply suck up the debris. And extra long hose will help with this method.

Variety of Building Materials and Their Uses

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granite orlando florida this article was presented by us. Hope to work with you soon! Give us a call today about granite and you won’t be disapointed!

Materials used for the construction of houses, offices and commercial buildings are classified as building materials. The most commonly use materials for construction purposes include cement, stones, rocks, tiles and bricks. Different materials are used according to specific requirements, availability of space and type of structure to be built.

Building Materials Used Before and Now

Building materials used during early years were stone, mud and other materials. Instead of concrete, mud was used to fill the gaps between bricks and stones. Construction was done using crude methods and techniques. Clay, leaves, twigs and so forth were also used by people in the olden days to build houses.

Some of the most frequently used building materials include:

Clay and mud: During the earlier days, clay and mud was the most commonly used material though it was not as strong as the concrete constructions. However, it helped to keep houses cool during summers.

Wood: Another most frequently used material is wood. Down the ages, wood has been used by people to build homes, furniture like tables, desks, chairs and so forth. Wooden homes and cabins are found in many places even today. Depending on the type of wood used, these houses are affected by varying climatic conditions.

Metal: Metals are also among the commonly used building materials. Huge mansions and offices built of metals are strong and last for a life time. Today most of the constructions are done in metal to retain its elegance and strength.

Concrete: Concrete is another material which is used for construction purposes. It is a combination of sand, cement, water and gravel. Most of the constructions are done in concrete today. It has become an indispensable part of construction process. It is long lasting and strong compared to mud and wood houses.

Granite: Being one of the hardest materials available for constructing walls, floors and kitchen accessories, this stone has been in use since ancient times. Granite countertops are among the most preferred material for kitchen countertop. Its durability and opulence are the main reasons why it is chosen by most of the people to decorate their homes.

The other advantages of this stone are that it is highly heat resistant and can be cleaned easily. It does not retain any stains and bacteria. Though it is a bit expensive, it is indeed an investment which last for a life time.

Apart from these there are many more building materials used in the modern times like non shrink grouts, multi-wall panel, steel roof drain, crushed stones, wall putty, insulation products and so forth. Brass materials are also used for construction purposes.

Today the business of building materials has flourished with the increase in constructions of houses, factories, industries and offices. New products are available in the online stores at affordable rates. In addition to construction materials you can even find flooring materials which are quite versatile. Marbles, tiles, granite in unimaginable sizes and designs are obtained from the online markets. By logging on to a good website, you can find materials for your new home and office.

7 Popcorn Ceiling Removal Questions to Ask Before Hiring a Contractor

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Popcorn ceiling removal is very common these days. So is getting ripped off and scammed by your contractor. There are many good contractors doing great work, but there are also many scam artists and fly by night companies who are only looking to rip you off. Since real estate values across the nation have been depressed, many homeowners are choosing to update their existing home by easy and inexpensive interior renovations like popcorn removal.

Home owners need to ask their popcorn ceiling removal contractor these 7 questions before they hire them for the job. Removing popcorn ceilings is very common these days as many home owners are updating their existing homes. Popcorn ceilings are outdated and many home owners prefer knockdown texture over popcorn. Knockdown texture just looks better and there is a great return on investment because popcorn removal is an affordable improvement which may add incremental value to the home. Before hiring a contractor in the Orlando area, be sure to ask these 7 questions to avoid getting ripped and scammed.

Popcorn Ceiling Removal Question #1 – “Do I need to worry about testing for lead in my house?”

If your home was built before 1978, then the answer is “yes”. If your home was built after 1978, the answer is “no”. According to EPA.gov, “Common renovation activities like sanding, cutting, and demolition can create hazardous lead dust and chips by disturbing lead-based paint, which can be harmful to adults and children.

To protect against this risk, on April 22, 2008, EPA issued a rule requiring the use of lead-safe practices and other actions aimed at preventing lead poisoning. Under the rule, beginning April 22, 2010, contractors performing renovation, repair and painting projects that disturb lead-based paint in homes, child care facilities, and schools built before 1978 must be certified and must follow specific work practices to prevent lead contamination.

EPA requires that firms performing renovation, repair, and painting projects that disturb lead-based paint in pre-1978 homes, child care facilities and schools be certified by EPA and that they use certified renovators who are trained by EPA-approved training providers to follow lead-safe work practices.” It is important to use Lead Safe Certified contractors for popcorn removal projects.

Popcorn Ceiling Removal Question #2 – “Can I remove my popcorn ceiling by myself and save some money?”

The short answer is “yes”. However, saving a few bucks may turn out to be a major headache in the long run for a few reasons. The first reason is the work will be difficult. You will need special equipment, respirators, eye protection and so on. In most cases, homeowners simply lack the expertise to do the job correctly and it can become very time consuming. Another reason is the work may cause damage to other areas in the house, the furniture, the walls and the floors. It becomes even more difficult if your popcorn ceilings have been painted.

Popcorn Ceiling Removal Question #3 – “Is it more difficult to remove popcorn ceilings which have been painted?”

Removing painted popcorn is more difficult because it is a challenge to penetrate the paint with water to thoroughly wet the material prior to the disturbance. This is another situation where the expertise of a professional contractor can be a major benefit.

Popcorn Ceiling Removal Question #4 – “Will my house be a complete mess after the popcorn ceiling is removed?”

Removing popcorn is inherently a “messy” job if you do it yourself or have a contractor do the job for you. This is why it is important for you to “cover off” the entire area of the work to be done. You will need to cover all vents with plastic, cover all fixtures with plastic and tape, cover all carpets and floors with plastic, and close off any areas you do not want affected by the job. In essence, you need to create a “containment area” for the job. Professional popcorn ceiling removal contractors will leave your house spot less and looking better than when they started.

Popcorn Ceiling Removal Question #5 – “Will I have to move all of my furniture out of the house?”

The answer is “no”. Experts in popcorn removal, residential painting, ceiling repair, and drywall repair are specialists in protecting your belongings. The will “cover off” all of your furniture, TV’s, beds, etc. and protect them from any dust or damage. Most companies will want the homeowner to remove all of their “nick nacks”, pictures, small electronics, etc. before beginning work on the home.

Popcorn Ceiling Removal Question #6 – “How long does it take to remove popcorn ceilings”

As you can imagine, every house is different. It all depends on the size and scope of the work, the condition of the house, the height of the ceilings, and whether or not the rooms where the work is to be done are empty or furnished. Remember, once you have removed the popcorn, you still have to apply knockdown texture and paint it. If you are doing the work yourself, you should plan on a being at it for a few days at the least. Professional popcorn ceiling removal contractors, like Textures by Blue Sky, Inc., can typically complete a 3500 sq. ft. house in one day. Just make sure you choose the right one to work with.

Popcorn Ceiling Removal Question #7 – “How do I know the popcorn ceiling removal contractor I have hired is going to do a good job?”

Do some research. Ask your friends and family if they know a reputable company in the Orlando area. Make sure you use a company that has been in business for at least a few years. It is also important to use a company that is licensed, bonded, and insured. A reputable company will also be registered with the Better Business Bureau, The Florida Ceiling and Wall Contractors Association, and will be “Lead Safe” Certified by the EPA.

Why You Need Trustworthy Plumbing Services

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Regular maintenance is required to maintain your pipes and fixtures in good condition for the smooth and efficient distribution of water and/or gas in your home or office and for the appropriate disposal of sewage. That’s why it is vital to hire a plumbing company to help you. Remember one thing, you should never ignore or postpone any plumbing repairs or maintenance as it may lead to bigger issues in the future. If the plumbing issues are not attended at the proper time, it may lead to the major problem. The majority of people look for the services of a professional plumber when they have an emergency. However, you also require plumbing services for ongoing maintenance on a regular basis to keep you away from bigger repairs; thus, it is prudent to search for a trustworthy plumbing service provider to help you. The water systems are one of the indispensable components that we use regularly on a daily basis even without realising it. Similar to other systems, the water supply system will also begin to cause issues and will require preservation services.

The significance and advantages of hiring plumbing services

The majority of us try to repair plumbing problems on our own, but we often fail to see other main problems that may have caused the problem. This is exactly where you need the assistance of a plumbing service who has trained personnel to clean badly clogged toilets, fix leaking pipes that are concealed in the basement and repair busted pipes that may ruin your furniture.

To work on plumbing jobs, one requires practical skills and sound knowledge that only professional plumbers will have. Professionals will have all the newest tools to repair and solve major plumbing problems with minimal of time and know how to use them efficiently. The services rendered by the professional plumbers are lasting solutions and they aren’t just one-time fixes. The important part is that when you call a plumbing service, they will assist in spotting and fixing the problems from the root-source.

Professional companies provide a range of plumbing services that include attending to burst pipes and water leaks; repairing taps; repairing toilets; hot water heater installation, service, maintenance and repairs; detecting leaks; clearing blocked drains; gas fitting and many more. These companies also render emergency plumbing services at short notices. In case, you ever encounter a plumbing emergency at odd hours, help is just a call away. These professional companies will not only fix the issue but also will offer a detailed report of what may have caused the problem and highlight the hidden elements, which most of us will not even observe.

Repair a Plumbing Leak

If you have a plumbing leak in your home, you probably have visions of dollars signs running through your head. Do not be afraid, plumbing leaks can easily be repaired before more damage is done. Many times all it takes is a simple $15 or $20 fix!

Usually, the first sign of a leak is a stain on a ceiling or water settling around a low area. It is important that you occasionally check around all your sinks, toilets, and pipe fixtures to check for any leak. The time it takes you to do this simple check can save you a ton of money in the long-run.

Drains are one of the most common places for a leak to start. This can be a toilet, sink or tub drain and can easily be fixed by tightening up the connections or switching out old pipes for new PVC pipes.

Individual fixtures is another common place for leaks to develop. Feel around the areas where the fixtures attach to the pipes for any water. By turning the water off to that fixture only, you can still keep water to the rest of the house.

Knowing where the main water shut off to your home is can be one of the most important things you will need to know about your residence. You will need to be able to shut the water off if there is a leak in the main water supply pipes. The quicker the water can be turned off, the more money you can save. If you have an older home, and the pipes are the galvanized type, fixing these can be tricky. With older pipes, when you fix the original leak, you may accidentally jar another pipe and start another leak.

Another problem that can cause a leak in your galvanized or copper piping is a nail in the pipe. This may not start a leak right away, but after a while, the nail will begin to rust and cause the pipe to rust and leak as well. This is why it is very important to be careful when putting in moldings or baseboards in your home.

Fixing PVC plastic pipes can be extremely simple. Be sure what type of pipes are used in your home and know the type of cement or glue that was used with the pipes. Also you will need to pay close attention to the curing times of the glue or cement to prevent any other leaks to occur.

With a bit of knowledge, you can be rest assured that a water leak in your home is no cause for worry and can be fixed easily with the right tools.



Source by Max Schilling

Marketing A Plumbing Company – 20 Ways To Market Your Plumbing Business


If you have a great heating and plumbing business going or simply starting with one, you definitely need ways to market it or improve your sales. By marketing your heating and plumbing business, you can reach the maximum potential of your business. There are a lot of benefits once your business becomes well-advertised and well-marketed.

Never lose hope if your business does not live up to your expectations. You must always look on the bright side of things. There are so many ideas which you can use in order to gain better profit.

1) Create a Website

A website is a very important tool for marketing these days. Due to the surging technology, doing business has become more high-tech compared to a decade ago. Just make sure that you can keep up with the times. Through a website, you can put your contact information, services provided and even your promos. When making a website, always make it as eye-catchy as possible. Put pictures that would help answer or relate to your heating and plumbing business. As millions are using the internet today, your website can be a great deal in terms of advertising.

2) Offer Service Contracts

Basically, you can lock in more customers if you provide service contracts. You will definitely have a steady stream of income once you opt for this. Adding up to this, service contracts also helps you in reviewing customer systems for system enhancements and other needed upgrades. It is best that you don’t push expensive changes. Just make recommendations and then offer a helpful free quote. Customers usually appreciate an approach that is non-confrontational and they will even be more receptive to what you are suggesting.

3) Your Courtesy Counts

When you provide service, always be courteous to your clients for this will be a very effective marketing tool. Once you enter someone’s home, make sure that you give value to their space. Always wear shoe coverings, avoid smoking and always clean the place after working. Be a gracious service provider and just hire technicians who can be as courteous as you are. People shall definitely want to try your services if yo provide them with respect and courtesy. You may ask why this could a strategy for marketing? Well, this could serve as a boost for your company’s reputation and current clients can suggest you to other people.

4) Maximize the Potential of Festivals

In order to improve your business, you must be an active character in your community. Festivals and other events can be an assistance to your business. You can provide a booth or simply sponsor one. Remember that events always showcase a huge crowd. By being active on festivals, you can market your heating and plumbing business even more.

5) Be an Active Volunteer

You can provide time to different non-profit organizations. You could even donate your services to seniors that have low income. When you decide to do this, make sure that you inform the local newspaper to cover your community service. Actually, this would serve you with low cost advertising. The more you are advertised, the better you can be able to market your business.

6) Utilize the Yellow Pages

Usually, many people really use the Yellow Pages for searching for a heating and plumbing service provider. Always make sure that your advertisement highlights your location and services. You can use a coupon as well. Potential customers definitely want value. When you offer a coupon, inquiries about your service can potentially increase. This would serve as something unique compared to usual Yellow Pages listings.

7) Offer Emergency Services

You can post advertisements that showcase emergency services. This will be a great push for your business because people want service providers that can come especially in times of emergency. This can serve your company well because this will improve your company profile and can lead to higher loyalty and increase in new customers.

8 ) PTA

If you are a parent and have kids that are still in school, you can join different school associations, most especially the PTA. You can have more contacts through this. Parents of other students along with the teachers can be your primary contacts. It is best that you become more socially active and showcase a pleasing personality. This would reflect your marketing skills so make sure that you work it out very well.

9) Long Term than Short Term Marketing

As a business owner, it is natural that you should consider long term benefits to keep your business going. So if you want to market your services, place your marketing message everywhere. Utilize your uniforms and your car or van. The more you provide long term-looking marketing messages, the higher the chance of attracting clients.

10) Text Message Advertising

This is an instant form of marketing. You can advertise your services in a jiffy. This is a form of advertising that technology has improved and became more useful today. With the growing use of mobile phones, many people can be reached using this form of marketing strategy.

1) Make Customers Happy All The Time

Simply put, go above and beyond in order to make your customers happy of your service. Once you provide complete satisfaction and pleasure to customers, it is highly likely that you would be recommended to their friends and family. You can ensure the happiness of your customers by providing free extra services, discounts, etc.

12) Avoid Raising Prices

It is recommended that you determine your price marks early. If you stick to the price which you have quoted, it is likely that you can win customers over and over again. Customers will definitely love your services and professionalism if you stick to what has been agreed to. If you could present a very professional approach with your current customers, you have the larger chance of being recommended to other new potential customers.

13) Utilize Online Classified Ads Potential

The internet has become a very influential part of doing business nowadays. You can utilize different classified ads to post your services. With millions of people having access and using the internet, the potential of having your services getting noticed is high. Most of these classified ads online are free and you can put links directing to your website (if you have one).

14) Use Social Networking Sites

Twitter, Myspace and Facebook are the most popular sites for social networking these days. The potential to reach many new customers is huge with the help of these sites because you can connect with so many people in an instant. By having many contacts, there is the larger chance of getting noticed and help promote your heating and plumbing business even more.

15) TV & Radio Promotions

You can advertise your heating and plumbing business in a more effective way if you use the media. You can go to different radio stations to promote your business. If you are as dedicated to marketing your business, you can go through each and every radio station in your area. With regards to TV promotions, you can create commercials for advertisement of your services, though this option is for those who have the budget to do so.

16) Join Organizations

You can market your heating and plumbing business by joining different organizations. You will meet many people through these organizations. You can have a wider range of contacts by joining. They also hold regular meetings and seminars. You can take full advantage of these organizations especially if there are new members joining regularly. You can advertise your business easily by using your calling card and giving them out to every people connected with the organization. They may have relatives and friends who could use your services. The potential here is huge.

17) Fliers, Brochures, Business Cards

These are your main or basic tools in order to promote your services. You can maximize their use by going to many places and posting them as much as you can. You can utilize different places like bookstores, car washes, fitness centers, apartment buildings, etc. Always make sure that posting and promoting are allowed on the places that you plan to target. Take note of what you put on your fliers and brochures. Make them very readable and eye-catchy. With regards to your business card, make it simple yet complete with the required information.

18) Family Help

If you really want to market your business, you must be dedicated in making it work. Your family is just by your side. If this is a family business, then much better. You can ask for assistance with regards to spreading the word. They can post in their own social networking site profiles about your services. They can easily help you promote just as long as you provide them with all the information required to market your business.

19) Free Shirts, Give-aways

Give free shirts to your customers. This will not only help make your customers feel happy but once they wear them outside, you can have an additional form of promotion. The more people wearing shirts that showcase your heating and plumbing business, the more other people become aware.

20) Use Your Car as Free Advertisement

You can customize your vehicle with your company’s colors. Customize your plate number as well. This is an awesome form of marketing. Just drive safely.

So, if you really want to maximize the potential of your heating and plumbing business, you can market them by trying out the 20 different ways mentioned above. Good luck to your business!


Source by KevinWOConnor

Take the Time to Find the Right Plumbing Repair Service

There are many reasons why you might need plumbing repair service in the Temecula and Murrieta areas.  You might need to call a Murrieta, CA plumber to fix a leaky faucet or unclog a drain that is all stopped up.  Or perhaps you need a Temecula plumber because your toilet won’t flush and you need to get it fixed in a jiffy before company arrives in two hours.  Whatever type of services you need, there are a few things you should keep in mind before choosing the service provider to let into your home.

Training and experience are two of the first things you should consider when looking at Temecula, CA plumbers to provide a service in your home.  Plumbers should be able to do much more than fix leaks; you want to find a plumber that you will be able to call on and have faith in whether your water heater isn’t working or if you want to reinstall the plumbing altogether.  So make sure the plumbing service you choose has extensively trained plumbers, all the necessary equipment to carry out the work in a professional and efficient way, and the necessary licensing and insurance to prove their qualification.

Your Murrieta, CA plumber should be able to provide fast and efficient services as well.  For those emergency moments when you need something fixed immediately, you should be able to trust your plumber to provide a prompt response with 100% satisfaction every time.  And, of course, you will also want to choose the Canyon Lake plumber who can provide you with efficient services at an affordable price.  This is why you must always ask for an estimate before they start the work.

JC plumbing repair service provides a clean work environment, fast and efficient services, quality workmanship, and completely professional services that you can rely on.  So take the time to find a plumbing company that is right for you, rather than hiring the first plumber you find when it’s an emergency.



Source by Groshan Fabiola

Thanksgiving Bounty Overflows for Plumbers

DATELINE: SOUTH BOSTON, MA…
The Thanksgiving table groans under the load of traditional dishes, and tummies growl and gurgle in anticipation when, suddenly, this Norman Rockwell scene of tranquility erupts into chaos with the realization that the groans, growls, and gurgles are actually coming from the drain of the kitchen sink…

Guess who’s coming to dinner? Your friendly neighborhood plumber! John Wood, founder and CEO of Hub Plumbing & Mechanical in South Boston, MA is well acquainted with this familiar Thanksgiving tableau as he girds himself and his crews for the annual Thanksgiving onslaught.

The long Thanksgiving holiday weekend is the busiest time of the year for a plumber, according to the Plumbing-Heating-Cooling Contractors Association. Why? It’s simple explains Wood, “A 1 ½ inch diameter drain can’t be stuffed with the detritus of a Thanksgiving meal without fighting back and literally erupting and overflowing. A garbage disposal can’t handle the overload either and often grinds to a halt. More than once we’ve literally had to cut out eight or nine foot sections of pipe that are packed to the gills with compacted waste.”

Wood’s colorful descriptions of the sights he has seen should serve as fair warning for Thanksgiving revelers. “Imagine the rich smells and colors of a typical Thanksgiving dinner; then imagine all of those foods mixed together, compacted in your drain, ready to burp back up with the addition of a little water…”

Hub Plumbing and Mechanical’s clog busting team is at the ready 24 hours a day, 365 days a year, but if you’d like to avoid a Thanksgiving visit, Wood offers some common sense tips.

•    Grease congeals and solidifies, the same way fatty deposits block an artery and cause a heart attack. If you want to avoid a drain attack, pour grease into a tin can and toss the can into the trash after the grease hardens.
•    A garbage disposal isn’t a wood chipper. Turkey bones splinter (that’s why you can’t feed them to your dog), while turkey skin and fibrous vegetable skins can wind around the blade, causing the disposal to come to a screeching halt.
•    Always turn on the water before starting the garbage disposal, and keep it running for a minute after turning off the disposal to move the waste through the pipes.
•    Keep utensils away from the sink if at all possible. There is nothing like a piece of silverware accidentally dropped into a garbage disposal to bring an ear-shattering end to your Thanksgiving festivities.
•    If you don’t have a garbage disposal, the remains of a Thanksgiving feast can present even more perils. Leftover trimmings, including gravy, stuffing, mashed potatoes, yams, vegetables, and pie need to be scraped off of plates and deposited into the garbage. Rinsing plates and letting clumps of food slide down the drain is a recipe for disaster as food builds up and compacts, firmly clogging the drain.
•    Also, dishwashers are not garbage disposals. Dishes need to be scraped before they are placed in the dishwasher. Also be careful that the dishwasher isn’t overloaded– glasses break easily and a dishwasher drain clogged with glass is a sure fire way of ensuing that you will be washing dishes by hand all evening!

About Hub Plumbing & Mechanical
Hub Plumbing & Mechanical takes the plumbing industry to the next level, utilizing a professional, friendly, customer-centered approach. In addition to protecting your floors with red carpet, Hub Plumbing and Mechanical’s experienced plumbers also cover their work boots with stain-resistant boot covers, wear ID badges for security purposes, and arrive on time and smartly dressed in crisp, clean uniforms.

The company does not charge by the hour, but by the specific project. Hub Plumbing & Mechanical is available 24 hours a day and 7 seven days a week to provide immediate access and peace of mind. Dedicated 2nd and 3rd shift night dispatchers internally handle all calls at Hub Plumbing & Mechanical, not an answering service. The difference between the two enables Hub Plumbing & Mechanical to get real-time info on the customer 24/7 to expedite the call as efficiently as possible.

Hub Plumbing & Mechanical was established in 1999 and now includes a staff of 16 full time employees. This full service plumbing company assists residential and commercial customers with code violations, sewer/drain clogs, garbage disposals, water heaters, water filtration, steam and hot water boilers, thermostats, leaky faucets, tub valves, gas pipes, appliance installation, and outside hose faucets.

Hub Plumbing & Mechanical Inc. is located at 70 Old Colony Avenue in South Boston, MA 02127. For more information about Hub Plumbing & Mechanical call 1-866-HUBPLUMBING (482-7586), email services@hubplumbing.com, or visit www.hubplumbing.com.



Source by Steve Dubin

5 Typical Jobs a Plumber Gets Called Out to Do

There are elements of plumbing all over your homes – predominantly in kitchens, bathrooms, laundry rooms, wash rooms and basements, but the pipes carrying water to each of these end units runs all over your home. Things go wrong with plumbing all the time; gaskets dry out, pipes freeze and break, porcelain cracks and drains become gummed up. Some of these jobs are small enough for the home owner to handle on their own, but some require a trained professional to be taken care of properly.

Here are some of the more typical jobs that plumbers get called out to repair on a regular basis:

Leaks

Leaks, especially those in copper plumbing pipe can be a really difficult task for a homeowner to handle. Many leaks of this nature will require a portion or complete length of pipe to be replaced, this means working with a torch to loosen the joints before removing the damaged pipe, then working again with a torch to seal the joints once the new piece of pipe is in position. This practice can be dangerous for someone who has no experience, and it’s often difficult for the novice to make a complete seal at a copper joint – which will potentially result in a worse leak than was there before the work began.

Removal or Replacement of Sinks

Porcelain sinks can be very difficult to handle, they are heavy and awkward to work with and most often require a plumber to install or replace. If a new sink is going in, a qualified plumber can insure that it will get installed properly, without getting damaged in the process. Porcelain, when not handled properly can get cracked or chipped resulting in a sink that is worthless. It’s not unheard of for a homeowner to be able to remove and old sink and install a new one, but the likelihood of him or her doing it with no damage to the sink and with no drips or leaks along the connections of from the trap is pretty rare. Getting it done right the first time is important with sinks and the only way you can ensure that will happen is by contracting a plumber.

Toilets

Replacing toilets can be a messy job – wax rings, sewer gas and people with no plumbing experience don’t usually mix. In order for a toilet to work properly all of the old wax ring must be removed and the new one must be perfectly in place – the toilet must then line up properly on top of the new ring. The bolts must be securely and evenly fastened and the toilet caulked to the floor. If you mess up any of these steps, the new wax ring may be ruined and you’ll have to make another trip to the hardware store and start over again for the beginning. Replacing a toilet is certainly a job best left for the plumber.

Hot Water Tanks

Hot water heaters and hot water tanks are definitely a job for plumbers, they are big and heavy and difficult to install. If there was no hot water tank in place some installations require piping in a gas line, running duct work to the chimney and piping in new water lines. Damaged hot water tanks are often something that an emergency plumber will have to get called into handle due to the fact that they hold so much water, in addition to the water constantly running to them. Any damage to or replacement of a hot water tank should be handled by a professional.

Drain Cleaning

If you got a small clog in a sink or tub then a chemical drain cleaning agent may temporarily due the trick, but for big clogs or total blockages a plumber could be a necessity. Plumbers have access to drain cleaning tools that homeowners do not – they have augers and snakes to break loose large blockages to get the water running freely again. Serious, drastic drain blockages may even require damaged sections of drain pipe to be replaced; this can be a very large and difficult job for even an experienced plumber and should never be attempted by someone with no experience.

There are all sorts of reasons that come up in daily life that may require a plumbers services, the above five listing are some of the most common, but if you run into any situation regarding your plumbing that you aren’t exactly sure how to handle it’s best that you enlist the help of an experienced plumbing contractor.



Source by Amy Nutt

How to Price Foreclosure Cleanup Jobs For Profit Using HUD’s Guidelines

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A foreclosure cleanup business does everything from lawn maintenance, to trashouts, to cleaning, pressure washing, gutter cleaning, repairs and more.

The foreclosure trashout industry is proving to be a lucrative business option for hardworking entrepreneurs. With one in every 25 homes in foreclosure, per Michael Williams, Fannie Mae CEO, and with millions of adjustable-rate mortgages poised to reset in the coming years (creating the prospect of a new round of foreclosures), foreclosure cleaning startups are perfectly situated to have evergreen enterprises for years to come.

Though foreclosure cleaning is a burgeoning industry, due to the sheer number of jobs available, foreclosure cleanup can be a business with thin profit margins if entrepreneurs aren’t pricing their services for profit.

Pricing for profit can be tricky for new property preservation business owner who don’t know the ins and outs of how contracts are won, who gets paid first, where they are on the totem pole in getting paid, etc.

A good tool to use in pricing foreclosure and trashout type jobs is HUD’s pricing guidelines for property preservation type companies — BUT, to use this tool alone can be a grave mistake.

When using HUD’s guidelines to price jobs, business owners should be aware that the tables list the maximum amount HUD will generally pay the PRIMARY contractor of a foreclosure cleaning job.

As a smaller company, business owners should know where they are on the totem pole in actually getting paid to know how to charge using the tables. They should also learn how to figure out whether they are the primary subcontractor, number two in line, number three, etc. This will not only help them figure out how to price, but will also guide them in figuring out the best strategy to use in winning jobs.

Foreclosure cleanup business owners cannot simply look at the HUD pricing charts and use those figures for bidding, or they’ll certainly overbid a job and lose out. The tables have to be dissected effectively

Remember, the HUD pricing guidelines for foreclosure cleaning are what HUD will pay, maximum, for a service (though certain scenarios will permit them to go higher with substantiating information). The amounts listed in the charts are really for that primary contractor.

Anybody can price, but pricing “for profit” in the burgeoning foreclosure cleaning industry is an art. New foreclosure cleanup businesses should plan to do their research so they can learn how to dissect the HUD charts and price effectively for profit to win more cleanup business.

New Jersey Home Improvement: How to Improve the Value of Your Investment Property

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Curb Appeal
When thinking about a home improvement project for your New Jersey home, start with the outside of your house. Your home’s exterior is the most visible area of the property and, naturally, what prospective buyers will see first. In fact, the exterior will determine whether a potential buyer will schedule an appointment to see the inside or merely keep on driving. Simply applying a fresh coat of exterior paint, touching up shutters, and repairing damaged drains can improve your home’s value tremendously.

Don’ Forget The Landscaping
Far too often NJ homeowners completely overlook landscaping, especially if they’re working with a limited budget. But landscaping, just as with exterior paint, is a big draw for many buyers. A well-tended lawn, tasteful plantings, and a weed-free walkway will draw in many potential buyers.

Your Driveway Counts!
Driveways, while not hard to come by in suburbia, are a perfect introduction to your home. Make sure the driveway is cleanly and evenly paved. Replace cracks and, if needed, resurface the blacktop but don’t forget to keep edging neat and trim. Adequate lighting and a clear path from driveway to front door will further increase your property’s value..

The bottom line is that despite the current housing market in New Jersey, it is possible to improve the value of your investment property with some simple and cost effective New Jersey home improvement projects. By ensuring that the exterior of your property is as appealing as the interior, you’ll increase your home’s value in this competitive market.

MyHome is happy to discuss more about ways in which you can improve the value of your investment property or your current home. MyHome is the first full-service renovation specialists in the country and has numerous years of experience in home improvement in New Jersey as well as New York.

Search Engine Optimizer (SEO) – Proposed Scope of Work to Use in Hiring an SEO

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Are you planning on hiring an SEO but have no idea of how to properly choose one? Here is a proposed Scope of Work that will allow you to engage them in intelligent questions to understand what they will do for your website.

SEO GOALS FOR ESTABLISHMENT OF SCOPE OF WORK:

  1. Improve website visibility on major search engines to improve traffic
  2. Improve website optimization
  3. Improve conversions to their website
  4. To appear in Top 10 rankings on Top 3 search engines in their new market (Google, Yahoo and MSN)
  5. Generate leads from natural search traffic
  6. Drive an increased volume of visitors
  7. Build sustainable long term natural search rankings
  8. Maximize natural search brand visibility
  9. Improve Social Marketing Optimization

CHALLENGES TO EXPECT SEO TO ADDRESS AND ANSWER:

  1. Am I in a niche market or a highly competitive market and what that means
  2. Competitiveness of keywords and real expectations of getting top/first page results
  3. Lack of rankings on search engines, where you are at and where can you go
  4. Un-optimized page titles, tags and copy, what is your current SEO situation
  5. Low link popularity, no page rank, how to build back links
  6. Site Design
  7. Technical issues surrounding website coding, excessive use of java or frames, lack of CSS and use of tables
  8. Mobile Web compatibility and Social Marketing Optimization

SOLUTIONS YOU SHOULD EXPECT TO BE DONE:

  1. Perform an initial site audit to understand the issues the site is facing
  2. Perform a competitive website study and work out a unique search engine optimization and placement strategy to achieve top rankings for the web site
  3. Extensively research keyword phrases, and identify and analyze popular keywords for your website that are most relevant to your specific market demographics that could drive targeted traffic
  4. Review the site’s pages and decided which ones are best for SEO
  5. Work with you to choose which keyword phrases belong on which pages of your site based upon what you know about your product, service or brand
  6. Make site architecture recommendations to ensure that the most important pages of the site would receive the internal link popularity they deserved
  7. Optimize the content of your website in a manner that make it keyword rich as well as easy-to-understand – descriptive language that speaks to your target audience
  8. Optimize each page’s Title and Meta description, Header tags for your targeted keyword phrases, each page will be different specific to the keywords targeted.
  9. Set up Google Analytics and started tracking traffic and conversions on your website

Your Old Digital Camera Might Be Repairable For Free Under Recall

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If you are like one of an estimated 75 million owners of a digital camera, at some point in time, your camera will more than likely develop one or more problems and would be in need of digital camera repair. Common problems include cracked LCDs, broken battery doors, jammed lenses or board level problems.

There are a set of digital camera models however, that develop their own unique problems, all stemming back to a batch of defective CCDs that Sony produced and used in these camera models.

What’s the big deal with the faulty CCD? Well Sony produced a series of CCDs for various digital cameras between the years of 2003 and 2005, for at least 20 different models. And in higher heat and humidity conditions, the CCDs would begin to fail, producing some crazy looking images or causing a black screen to show on your camera.

Here is a list of all the bad Sony CCD models that I can find right now, as I find more, I will add them to the list.

Canon Digital Cameras & Camcorders

* PowerShot A60
* PowerShot A70
* PowerShot A75
* PowerShot A300
* PowerShot A310
* PowerShot S230 Digital ELPH / Digital IXUS V3 / IXY D320
* PowerShot SD100 Digital ELPH / Digital IXUS II / IXY Digital 30
* PowerShot SD110 Digital ELPH / Digital IXUS IIs / IXY Digital 30a
* PowerShot A40
* PowerShot A80
* PowerShot A85
* PowerShot A95
* PowerShot S1 IS
* PowerShot S60
* PowerShot S200 DIGITAL ELPH / DIGITAL IXUS V2 / IXY DIGITAL 200a
* PowerShot S330 DIGITAL ELPH / DIGITAL IXUS 330 / IXY DIGITAL 300a
* PowerShot S400 DIGITAL ELPH / DIGITAL IXUS 400 / IXY DIGITAL 400
* PowerShot S410 DIGITAL ELPH / DIGITAL IXUS 430 / IXY DIGITAL 450
* PowerShot S500 DIGITAL ELPH / DIGITAL IXUS 500 / IXY DIGITAL 500 (including White Limited version)

* MV600i
* MV630i
* MV650i
* MV700i
* MV730i
* MV750i
* MV5i
* MV5i MC
* MV6i MC
* ZR60
* ZR65 MC
* ZR70 MC
* ZR80
* ZR85
* ZR90
* Elura 40 MC
* Elura 50

The Canon support website holds no forms or other needed documents, so you can save yourself some time (if you live in the US or Puerto Rico) by just calling the Canon Customer Support line at 1-800-828-4040. Support hours are Monday-Friday 8am to 12 midnight, and Saturday from 10am-8pm. (All times EST.) Alternately, you can send email to: carecenter@cits.canon.com.

Fujifilm Digital Cameras

Model Serial Number Range(s)

• FinePix A303 3JA4**** to 3JA5****
• FinePix F410 32A1****, 32A6**** to 32A7****, 32A9****
• FinePix F700 33A0****, 34A1****
• FinePix S2 Pro 31A127** to 31A143**, 32A000** to 32A039**, 33A000** to 33A007**, 34A000** to 34A004**

Serial numbers can be found on the bottom of the cameras. From the Fuji service advisor, the following applies to US customers:

IF SERVICE IS NEEDED:
Package the camera carefully using ample padded material to prevent damage in transit. Include your name, address and phone number with the shipment as well as a general description of the problem. Keep a record of the camera’s serial number and shipment tracking number. Ship your camera to the Fuji Service Center noted below:

Fuji Photo Film U.S.A., Inc.
1100 King George Post Rd.
Edison, NJ 08837
Attn: Camera Repair Dept./CCD Advisory

Konica Minolta Digital Cameras

* DiMAGE A1
* DiMAGE 7i
* DiMAGE 7Hi
* DiMAGE Xi
* DiMAGE Xt
* DiMAGE X20
* DiMAGE S414
* DiMAGE F300

Note: Sony has since taken over servicing of Konica-Minolta digital cameras. Sony’s customer support website now lists the affected Konica-Minolta models along with a troubleshooting guide and repair request form.

Kyocera Digital Cameras

* Finecam S3L
* Finecam S5
* Finecam S5R
* Contax TVs

Additional digital cameras added since the original 2005 service advisory by Kyocera include the following:

* Finecam M400R
* Finecam M410R
* Finecam SL400R

At this time, both announcements only seem to cover the Japanese domestic market. We’ve yet to see any announcement from Kyocera in other markets, and would advise customers who have experienced the problem to contact their local Kyocera office to determine whether their camera may be covered under warranty. For customers in Japan, instructions on how to seek repair of the covered digicams can be found in the Japanese-language service advisory.

Leica and Panasonic Digital Cameras

* Leica DIGILUX 2
* Panasonic Lumix DMC-LC1

In December 2006, we told readers about a warranty extension for Leica’s DIGILUX 2 digital camera, covering problems with the CCD image sensor. Given that the Leica DIGILUX 2 is a variant of Panasonic’s Lumix DMC-LC1 design, it isn’t surprising to find that some LC1 digicams can suffer from the same problem.

Panasonic Canada have published a notice on their customer support page indicating a limited number of 2004 model DMC-LC1 digital cameras within a specific range of serial numbers are affected. The serial number ranges are A4SYxxxxx and G4SYxxxxx. Canadian customers are asked to call Panasonic Canada’s toll-free call center number at 1-800-561-5505 for assistance in arranging a free repair.

Nikon Digital Cameras

* Coolpix SQ
* Coolpix 3100
* Coolpix 5700
* Coolpix 3500
* Coolpix 4500
* Coolpix 5000
* Coolpix 5400

There’s a button on the Nikon USA Photography home page, labeled “Coolpix Service Advisory: 3100-5700-SQ-5400-4500-5000-3500” that displays information in a popup window. Here’s a link to it in a standalone window: Coolpix Service Advisory. Here are links to other pages from the Nikon site, namely the Coolpix Advisory FAQs, and the Service Advisory Product Return Form.

Olympus Digital Cameras

* Camedia C-5050 Zoom
* Camedia C-730 Ultra Zoom

Olympus is distinguishing themselves by offering to repair affected cameras, even if they aren’t displaying the problem yet. Their free repair policy is extended for up to four years from the original purchase date. They do ask that, if your camera is currently operating properly, you hold off on sending it in until after January 2006, due to the high volume of repair business during the holiday season. To determine if your camera is affected, call Olympus repair at 888-553-4448, Monday-Friday, 8am -10pm EST, or email to customersupport@olympus.com.

Pentax Digital Cameras

* Optio 330RS
* Optio 330GS
* Optio 33L
* Optio 43WR
* Optio 550
* Optio 555

Pentax USA have published a brief note on their Customer Care & Support homepage which refers customers to a separate PDF file for further information. This document pledges repair of the problem free of charge, regardless of warranty status, as long as the camera doesn’t have other symptoms not described as part of the problem.

PENTAX Service Department
12000 Zuni Street – Suite 100B
Westminster CO 80234

We couldn’t find any details regarding the duration of the free repair offer, nor of serial numbers affected. We suggest you simply contact Pentax for clarification of these points.

Ricoh Digital Cameras

* Caplio RR30
* Caplio 300G
* Caplio G3
* Caplio G3 model M
* Caplio G3 model S
* Caplio ProG3
* Caplio G4
* Caplio G4 wide
* Caplio 400G wide
* Caplio RX

Ricoh US support took a little digging to track down. Ricoh Global issued the service advisory itself. Service centers for various regions US, Canada, and South American service for Ricoh cameras is handled by:

C.R.I.S. Camera Services
Phone: 800-22 RICOH
Fax: 480-940-1329
www.criscam.com
Email:

We couldn’t find any details regarding the duration of the free repair offer, nor of serial numbers affected. We suggest you simply contact C.R.I.S Camera Services directly to learn how to proceed.

Sony Digital Cameras Camcorders

* Cyber-shot DSC-F717
* Cyber-shot DSC-P10
* Cyber-shot DSC-P12
* Cyber-shot DSC-P2
* Cyber-shot DSC-P31
* Cyber-shot DSC-P32
* Cyber-shot DSC-P51
* Cyber-shot DSC-P52
* Cyber-shot DSC-P7
* Cyber-shot DSC-P71
* Cyber-shot DSC-P72
* Cyber-shot DSC-P8
* Cyber-shot DSC-P92
* Cyber-shot DSC-U10
* Cyber-shot DSC-U20
* Cyber-shot DSC-U30
* Cyber-shot DSC-U60
* Cyber-shot DSC-V1
* CD Mavica MVC-CD250
* CD Mavica MVC-CD400
* CD Mavica MVC-CD500
* FD Mavica MVC-FD100
* FD Mavica MVC-FD200

* Cyber-shot DSC-F88
* Cyber-shot DSC-M1
* Cyber-shot DSC-T1
* Cyber-shot DSC-T11
* Cyber-shot DSC-T3
* Cyber-shot DSC-T33
* Cyber-shot DSC-U40
* Cyber-shot DSC-U50

* CCD-TRV107E
* CCD-TRV118
* CCD-TRV128
* CCD-TRV218E
* CCD-TRV228
* CCD-TRV228E
* CCD-TRV318
* CCD-TRV328
* CCD-TRV418
* CCD-TRV418E
* CCD-TRV428
* CCD-TRV428E

Camcorders, DCR-DVD models

* DCR-DVD100
* DCR-DVD100E
* DCR-DVD101
* DCR-DVD101E
* DCR-DVD200
* DCR-DVD200E
* DCR-DVD300
* DCR-DVD91E

Camcorders, DCR-TRV models Camcorders

* DCR-TRV147E
* DCR-TRV14E
* DCR-TRV16
* DCR-TRV16E
* DCR-TRV18
* DCR-TRV18E
* DCR-TRV19
* DCR-TRV19E
* DCR-TRV22
* DCR-TRV22E
* DCR-TRV240E
* DCR-TRV24E
* DCR-TRV25
* DCR-TRV250
* DCR-TRV250E
* DCR-TRV255E
* DCR-TRV25E
* DCR-TRV260
* DCR-TRV265
* DCR-TRV265E
* DCR-TRV27
* DCR-TRV27E
* DCR-TRV33
* DCR-TRV33E
* DCR-TRV340
* DCR-TRV340E
* DCR-TRV361
* DCR-TRV38
* DCR-TRV38E
* DCR-TRV39
* DCR-TRV40
* DCR-TRV40E
* DCR-TRV460
* DCR-TRV460E
* DCR-TRV461E
* DCR-TRV50
* DCR-TRV50E
* DCR-TRV740
* DCR-TRV740E
* DCR-TRV840
* DCR-TRV940
* DCR-TRV940E
* DCR-TRV950
* DCR-TRV950E

DCR-IP models

* DCR-IP45
* DCR-IP45E
* DCR-IP5
* DCR-IP55
* DCR-IP55E
* DCR-IP5E
* DCR-IP7E

Camcorders, DCR-PC models

* DCR-PC101
* DCR-PC101E
* DCR-PC103E
* DCR-PC104E
* DCR-PC105
* DCR-PC105E
* DCR-PC106E
* DCR-PC107E
* DCR-PC108
* DCR-PC108E
* DCR-PC115
* DCR-PC115E
* DCR-PC120
* DCR-PC120E

Camcorders, DCR-VX models

* DCR-VX2000
* DCR-VX2000E
* DCR-VX2100
* DCR-VX2100E

Camcorders, DCR-HC models

* DCR-HC14E
* DCR-HC15
* DCR-HC15E
* DCR-HC16E
* DCR-HC18E
* DCR-HC20
* DCR-HC20E
* DCR-HC30
* DCR-HC30E

CLIE Handheld Computer Models Professional Camcorders
(DVCAM format)

* PEG-NZ90/G
* PEG-NZ90/H

* DSR-250 & DSR-250/P
* DSR-PD150 & DSR-PD150P
* DSR-PD170 & DSR-PD170P
* DSR-PDX10 & DSR-PDX10P

As Sony is the original sensor manufacturer for all of the other manufacturers’ products listed above (and given the vast array of products that they manufacture themselves) it should come as no great surprise that Sony has by far, the greatest number of affected products. This should not be taken as indicating any inherent deficiency in Sony products beyond the now discontinued sensors involved.

No service forms or mailing addresses are provided on the Sony US site. Rather, owners are instructed to contact the Sony Customer Information Services Center for further assistance at 1-866-703-7669.

I hope you are able to get your camera repair for free! Good luck, and let me know if you do!

Thomas Drayton

Garage Door Repair Service From A Reputable Company Is A Must

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Garage doors are made up of many moving parts. These include multiple parts fitted inside to facilitate the automatic movements. The repetitive movements and the regular usage of the equipment leaves it damaged and often malfunctioning. Garage door repair is a difficult job for any individual to do manually, even when treating a small malfunction. The better alternative to repairing & keeping them in the best condition is to hire a company specifically for this. There are many benefits of going for professional company, as they provide a wide range of services to ensure that your door is fixed at the most affordable price. These companies also perform maintenance for these doors to keep them in the best condition for a longer time while reducing the possibilities of damage.

One of the most common problems faced by garage owners are a broken spring, damaged or rotten sections, dents causing friction, sporadic movement, jammed opener, loud noises, jerking movements etc. Garage door company providers will fix any of these common problems in no time. They will also take care of critical problems. These companies also offer warranties on the maintenance jobs to give customers an assurance of reliability. It is quite vital that you opt for the services of an experienced door repair company to handle these tasks efficiently. An experienced and effectual company will make sure that all the parts in the mechanism are replaced with the right ones, and perform flawlessly.

Sometimes, bigger damages in garage doors leave them irreparable. In such a scenario, replacement becomes mandatory. When replacing garage doors, you have many options ranging from the economical, one-sided steel doors to custom carriage-style doors. In such cases, it is always important to opt for the benefit of a professional service to manage the installation process. It will also help you choose from high quality equipment for your benefit.

Homeowners can get some of the best service providers for garage door repairs. These services offer round the clock service, they have service technicians dispatched in different zones to better serve customers in a timely fashion. Many of these service techs. have years of experience in their industry, and also have developed their own techniques to ensure maximum efficiency. Customers can choose from both, commercial or residential repairing services.

The Internet is the best place to find these repair services. Spending a little time on the Internet can help you locate the best garage door repair service in your neighborhood. You can also compare different garage door repair professionals for cost effectiveness, quality of service. Always make sure to check whether the company you chose is properly licensed, insured and accredited accordingly. Your garage plays an important position in your home’s security and power efficiency, so don’t delay any repairs.

Building a Fence at an Angle

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Fences are built every day. Sometimes, they are built correctly. And sometimes, they’re not so good. We’ve often seen fences being blown away by wind. Sometimes, we might even talk a walk down the road, and see a fence which is rotting. So what can you do to make sure your fence is a great one? One that is sturdily built, and one that stands the test of time?

There are many people keen on building a fence at an angle. However, you need to build a good strong fence, that will last you many years, and if you want to put in angle, then extra work is required. So how can you go about it? Start by making holes spaced every 8 feet apart, for the 4″ x 4″ x 8″ treated posts – dig them at least 2 feet deep, with a post hole digger.

Obviously you want your post well-anchored, so the fence installer should use the digger at an angle, around the diameter of this hole, so that an anchor shaped like a ball, is made at the cylinder’s bottom. If you do it this way, it’ll be more strong and stable. Put black roof tar on the bottom two feet of the fence, this prevents rotting, and then the concrete can stick to the posts. When the posts are leveled, allow them to dry, and then start the nailing.

But you are keen on building a fence at an angle. This is a really great option, we can tell you that. It has many advantages. One such advantage is that it looks quite unique, different from most fences, because there is a slight slant. Another advantage is that it gives you enhanced privacy and protection from peeping and prying neighbors. This is especially true if you live in a hilly area, and the land is not quite level, so neighbors on higher land than yours can look down at you. So building a fence at an angle is quite a good option in case you want more privacy than most.

Building a fence at an angle is all very well, but you need to keep basic procedures in mind as well. For instance, use three rails, for the fence, this is most appropriate. The top rail should be on top of the fence posts, in a horizontal position, the bottom rail should not be more than 8″ above the bottom of the fence slats, and the center rail should be placed in the middle of the two. What’s the advantage of this? The rails won’t warp, and the result of that?

You get a far stronger, and more secure fence. And building the fence at an angle works well for privacy requirements. Once you do that, never again will you have to worry about neighbors looking at you while you snooze in your garden hammock. The preferred angle is usually 45 degrees, which has been proven to be quite suitable.

The Importance of Electricians

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Ever since Benjamin Franklin went outside with his kite during a thunderstorm, electricity has ruled the world. All you have to do to understand this is to remember what it was like the last time your power went out for an evening. Nothing worked. No computer, no refrigerator and more importantly, no TV. Electricity runs everything important in our lives and when it malfunctions, somebody has to fix it, somebody who knows what they’re doing, that is. Electricity has the power to run things when it works smoothly, but, it can also burn things and kill people if misused. Of all the household accidents in this country, home electrical repairs ranks second in accidents right behind falling off ladders – only home electrical repair accidents are more deadly than falling off ladders.

Good electricians are highly trained individuals with a lot of schooling and practical experience behind them. Before you go sticking your hand into a fuse box, or rewiring the house for power, you have to know a lot about electrical power – the way it moves, how it does what it does, the math and physics behind it and a lot of other things. Everybody feels like a bit of an electrician simply by changing that blown fuse or plugging things in just right or wiring up that complicated TV/VCR/DVD/stereo entertainment center you’ve just bought. You wire it up, plug it in and somehow it all works without any sparks or problems and you feel like you could have been an electrician if you’d really wanted to. Wrong. There is a world of difference between plugging things in and being an electrician.

To begin with the body of mathematics behind electrical work is impressive. Electricity is measured in volts and is a function of voltage, current and resistance – all factors with a complex mathematical relationship. There are laws, not the building codes set in place by municipal governments to insure the safety of houses and commercial buildings, but mathematical laws proven with chalkboards of bizarre looking figures that prove how electricity will function under different circumstances. And there are unions. In fact the Electrical Workers Union (EWU) is one of the strongest unions in America protecting the integrity of the profession from scammers and schemers.

Adjuster Licensing in Florida – Become a Florida Insurance Claims Adjuster

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Residents of the State of Florida, and non-residents of states that do not require adjuster licensing, are eligible for the Florida All Lines Independent or Company Adjuster license if:

1. You are 18 years or older;

2. An online application is completed and the $55.00 application fee is paid;

3. You are a US citizen or a legal alien with a work authorization;

4. Fingerprints are submitted at one of the sites authorized by the Florida Department of Financial Services (Out-of-state applicants will receive a fingerprint card from the department for completion);

5. You successfully complete the Accredited Claims Adjuster Designation through the University of Central Florida, or one of the other authorized licensing designations, or you pass the state licensing examination.

Florida also maintains a reciprocal licensing arrangement with the following states.

Alabama – Independent adjusters only

Alaska – Independent adjusters only

Arkansas – Independent adjusters only

Connecticut – Independent, Public, and Company adjusters

Georgia – Independent and Public adjusters only. (Does not require licensure for Company adjusters)

Idaho – Independent adjusters only

Illinois – Public adjusters only

Kentucky – Independent, Public, and Company adjusters

Maine – Public and Independent adjusters

Michigan – Public and Independent adjusters

Mississippi – Independent adjusters only

New Mexico – Independent and Company adjusters

North Carolina – Independent, Public, and Company adjusters

Oklahoma – Independent, Public, and Company adjusters

Oregon – Public and Independent adjusters

Pennsylvania – Public adjusters

South Carolina – Independent and Company adjusters only

Texas – Independent and Company adjusters

West Virginia – Independent, Public, and Company adjusters

Washington – Public and Independent adjusters

Wyoming – Independent, Public, and Company adjusters

Utah – Public and Independent adjusters

States that do not require adjuster licensing include Colorado, District of Columbia, Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Maryland, Missouri, Nebraska, New Jersey, North Dakota, Ohio, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Tennessee, Virginia, and Wisconsin.

LICENSING DESIGNATION

Florida first approved the Accredited Claims Adjuster designation in 2003. This designation provided the first and original exemption from the state licensing examination. The course became available as a distance learning course through Florida Insurance University in Partnership with the University of Central Florida in 2004. One out of four adjuster licenses in Florida have been approved using the ACA Designation.

Although other providers are now offering claim adjuster designations, over 250 insurance and adjusting companies use the ACA Designation for licensing resident and non-resident adjusters. The ACA Website may be located at http://www.ce.ucf.edu/insurance

The ACA Designation consists of a series of open-book, multiple choice tests and a written assignment. Students will learn to read and research policy questions, identify claim issues and, at the conclusion of the course, will received a University of Central Florida certificate of completion which will excuse them from the state licensing exam.

CONTINUING EDUCATION

Every FL adjuster is required to complete 24 hours of CE every two years to retain licensure. The 24 hours must include state approved courses for 2 hours-Ethics; 10 hours-Law; 12-hours-Optional.

All required courses are located on the UCF website and all work may be completed online at:

http://www.ce.ucf.edu/ASP/insurance

How to Become an Expert & Professional Electrician

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Starting a career as an electrician can bring a lot of freedom and job satisfaction. Considered an essential trade, this job will ensure work in a number of different sectors, as electricians are required for a number of domestic and commercial services, ranging from installations and maintenance right through to highway systems electricians.

This job can also provide great opportunities, especially for the self-employed electricians who can set their own working hours and working conditions to a certain extent. For those who want to work for companies, there are plenty of opportunities available for staff electricians, therefore this is a role that is ideal for those who are looking for job security and a choice of how and where they work.

Becoming a qualified electrician is not as difficult as one might imagine. For those looking for information how to become a qualified electrician, there are plenty of details on the topic available from national careers websites, tailored to individuals according to their location around the world. With that said, here are a few useful tips on how to become a qualified electrician.

First of all, it is worth bearing in mind that there are certain skills that you may benefit from if you decide to become an electrician. These include being a good practical worker, the ability and attention to be able to follow very technical plans, as well as ability to understand the needs of clients and being able to problem solve efficiently.

However, these are skills are some that one can gain through training and experience, so if you feel lacking in any of these areas, it is important to know that it is not the end of the world and it should not let put you off pursuing a career in this particular area.

Generally, as an electrician you need to complete a number of nationally recognised qualifications. This will ensure that you have all the skills necessary to carry out your job and also abide by national regulations and health and safety legislation. This is indeed the first step to becoming a qualified electrician if this is your career goal.

Depending on where you are in the world, there are different training courses available which will cover content that is relevant to your particular country and even your local area. In the UK for sample – a country which is a highly regulated one in regards to health and safety – there are several nationally recognised qualifications that you can take in order to become qualified.

The best way to find the right qualification for you is to get in touch with a good professional training company that deals with training electricians. They will be able to advise you in relation to your unique circumstances and ambitions, as well as advise you on training if you are either a recent school leaver or someone who is currently employed and looking to change careers.

Although there are a set number of nationally recognised qualifications that should be taken before becoming an electrician, many of the companies that deliver this kind of training offer flexible courses ranging from full-time intense courses to more extensive and longer-term study solutions.

In the UK, you will need to have one of the following qualifications: Level 3 (NVQ) Diploma in Electro technical Services (Electrical Maintenance), Level 3 (NVQ) Diploma in Installing Electrotechnical Systems and Equipment (Buildings, Structures and the Environment), or a Level 3 Diploma in Electrical Installations (Buildings and Structures).

The important thing is essentially to get a qualification that is recognised and then start work. For some individuals it is possible to get this training through an apprenticeship, although access to these is often restricted to certain age groups and certain locations in the country. These apprenticeships will cover courses such as Level 1 Diploma in Electrical Installation.

If you cannot find an apprenticeship or do not qualify for one, there is no need to be concerned. Getting in touch with a reputable training provider for electricians will give you the opportunity to find out how you can become a qualified electrician, with the training company being able to guide you to reach your goals.

Tips for Cleaning Outside of Gutters

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We often spend a large amount of time cleaning and clearing out our gutters in the fall readying ourselves and our house for the incoming season of rain and snow. However, how often do we pay attention to cleaning the outside of gutters? A beautiful house is not just tidy inside but must look utterly clean from the outside as well. You may have a beautiful home that has beautiful landscaping, winding drive way and sprawling lush green lawns; however one unclean element will have your house standing out from the rest. Therefore, as much as cleaning the inside of your gutters matters, exteriors of your gutters must also be paid heed to.

Dirty, dingy and stained gutters are bound to drop the appeal of your house. Many times the water dripping of the edges of your gutters due to overflow and leaves stains and marks which are commonly called the Tiger stripes. Also, the moisture on the outer surface of your gutters leads mold to grow and thrive thus, blackening the whole surface and giving it a rather filthy look.

Fortunately, the grime and stains can be wiped off the gutter surface using specialized products such as paint thinner or a general purpose solvent. However, knowing the right products isn’t enough you must know how and where to use which product for best results. Here are a few listed techniques for efficiently cleaning the outside of your gutters.

Use Cleaning Agents

Clean your gutters using cleaning agents or solvents which are marketed and sold under the TSP-PF label. For those new with buying and using cleaner products, TSP-PF stands for Tri-sodium Phosphate- Phosphate free which implies that the product possesses the cleaning and degreasing qualities of the component, Tri-sodium Phosphate but does not cause the harmful effects of Phosphates.

Now to use this cleaning agent, in one cup of the TSP-PF add one quarter of Bleach with three quarters of hot water. After mixing well, apply the mixture on the outer-surface of the gutters with a soft-bristled brush or a rag and let it stay for around 10 minutes. Make sure to cover the vegetation around the house with a plastic sheet as it may damage the landscapes.

White Vinegar

Most people wouldn’t know that many cleaning agents can be derived from home itself. One such brilliant cleaning agent is white vinegar or technically known as ‘Acetic Acid’ which can be easily found in any household. Before you begin, make sure to scoop out all the dried leaves and debris to free your gutters from any clogging material. Once your gutters are clear mix warm water and acetic acid and pour the mixture in your gutters after capping them and plugging the downspouts. Let the mixture sit the gutters for an hour before emptying the gutter stream. Then rinse the gutters thoroughly using a garden hose pipe. Scrub along excess dirt with a brush to remove any remaining grime.

Liquid Detergent

One can also successfully employ liquid detergent to clean off your gutters and make them shiny new. This cleaning agent is especially used for vinyl gutters. Even for vinyl gutters, liquid detergent alone cannot be used to clean the gutters properly. For that mix half cup of household liquid detergent with half cup of bleach in two gallons of water. Use this solvent to scrub off the outer surface of your gutters with a stiff brush or a piece of cloth. Once the mixture is applied to the gutters let it stay for 10-15 minutes before rinsing it off with a garden hose and a nozzle sprayer.

Key tips to keep in mind:

Use warm water for rinsing off the dirt.

Wash and rinse as you go because if dirt and soap dry off together, they might stick to the surface making it even harder to clean off.

Assess your gutters carefully before deciding on the cleaning agent. If the dirt is super bad use stronger agents with TSP-PF.

Pre-spray the gutters to breakdown the dirt and clean off the dust before you go about the whole process.

Make sure you wear gloves and coveralls and an eye gear for protection from the fumes of the bleach and other harsh chemicals.

Follow these basic tips to clean off your gutters inside out as filthy gutters on your house look just as bad as a beautiful dress with a horrible stain. Happy cleaning!

Tips To Identify Defects in Granite Before Purchasing a Countertop

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Granite is a natural stone and one of the most preferred materials for countertops. The stone looks stylish, sleek and very attractive. Besides, it has commendable strength and resistance against extreme temperature variations. This means that the countertop does not develop cracks if you place a steaming utensil on it. It does not undergo any damage if you place a bag of ice on it either.

Good quality granite is very strong and durable. However, not all granites are the same. There is a wide difference in their quality arising out of the process by which they are cut and polished into the finished product. For instance, a long crack could develop in a stone block when it is blasted out of the mountain. As a result, most of the slabs that are cut out of this damaged block of stone have cracks. Since extracting stone blocks from the mountain is an expensive process, quarry owners do not discard damaged blocks, but sell them at lower costs to factory owners who then use different techniques to camouflage defects. Moreover, granite slabs can also be damaged during transportation or storage.

So, while choosing granite for your countertop is a great idea, you could end up making a poor bargain if you don’t pay attention to the quality of stone. The problem here is that it is very difficult to identify defects in polished stone because manufacturers use several tricks such as application of epoxy adhesives to cover up cracks. For a layman, it is almost impossible to find out whether the stone is of the best quality, unless you know exactly what to look for. Read on below for certain parameters that will tell you that the stone could just be defective.

Cracks

During the polishing process, cracks present in the stone are covered up. So, it is tough to identify cracks on the polished side. In order to identify cracks, the trick is to check the unpolished reverse side of the stone slab. If you look closely, you can make out cracks on the reverse side. This is one of the basic checks that you need to do when shopping for granite bench-tops.

Pattern defects

Good quality granite has uniform colors and patterns. However, colors and patterns are not always even. This happens because of the uneven concentration of certain minerals in the stone. For example, the presence of excess quartz content shows in the form of white patches on the slab. Such stones are of poor quality because quartz makes the stone brittle and it breaks easily. These stones are therefore rejected by good quality slab manufacturers. Polishing process does not entirely cover up this fault. So, when you shop for granite bench-tops, study the surface in order to ensure that the color and patterns on it are even.

Uniformity in thickness

You can easily identify unevenness in the thickness of the slab. Study the side of the slab and look closely all along the edge to see if the thickness is uniform. You should not buy an uneven slab because the slimmer portions become the weak links in the slab and break easily.

Be a smart customer and make the right choice.

Using Class Codes 0042 and 9102

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Workers’ compensation insurance in Florida and roughly 40 other states, use a classification code system designed by the National Council on Compensation Insurance (NCCI) to rate insurance premiums differently for groups of employees. There are roughly 600 class codes, and the two main codes used for employees in the landscaping industry are 0042 and 9102.

I often encounter landscape maintenance businesses that have their employees misclassified and are able to not only receive a 50% reduction on their current insurance premiums, but are also able to file for reimbursements from overpayments on previous workers compensation policies.

These experiences and multiple other questions about how these classification codes may be used together on a policy, have brought to my attention a need to communicate specific information to the landscaping industry about the uses of workers compensation codes 0042 and 9102.

First, let’s start with a brief description of each classification code with quotes from NCCI’s official descriptions:

Class Code 0042 – Applies to employees primarily engaged in planning, clearing, grading, laying of sod, seeding, and planting necessary for landscape installation operations. Planting of trees, shrubs, and flowers are classified to this code along with general gardening activities.

Class Code 9102 – Applies to employees that perform maintenance of lawns, grounds, and gardens. “The maintenance may involve lawn mowing, raking, application of liquid or granular fertilizer, spraying and trimming of shrubs or small trees from the ground, and thatching or aerating. If any one or all of the above operations are performed by a lawn maintenance risk classified to Code 9102, then minor and incidental landscaping operations performed by the same risk, such as the replacement of dead shrubs, the planting of a few flowers, and the placing of rock or brick as edging designs are included under Code 9102. This minor landscaping operation is distinguished from work performed by an insured at a job or location where the primary work at the job or location is landscaping. Since lawn spraying is a maintenance operation, a risk engaged exclusively in work of this nature is classified to Code 9102.”

In Florida, the 2010 rates for theses class codes are 6.36 for code 0042 and 3.49 for code 9102. In the other states, class code 0042 also has a significantly higher rating than class code 9102. For businesses in the landscaping industry, this emphasizes the importance of distinguishing between the two classification codes.

In many states, employees that engage in both landscape installation and landscape maintenance activities can have their corresponding payroll divided between the class codes if proper records are maintained. Consult with your insurance agent for the specific classification rules in your local state. According to the state exception wording under the 9102 class code, Florida landscaping businesses can use class code 0042 and 9102 on their workers’ compensation policy only if those “operations described by these classifications are conducted by separate crews.”

5 Advantages Of Hiring Professional Plumbers

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It can be quite stressful when drains clog, pipes break or your toilet overflows. Such times call for the services of a professional plumber as plumbing is not really a Do-It-Yourself kind of thing. Using the services of a bonded, insured and licensed plumber could stop that tiny drip from becoming a major issue when the whole pipe gets broken as you try to turn that pipe wrench.

When you engage the services of a plumber who belongs to the Master Plumbers and Mechanical Services Association of Australia, you will be assured that you are dealing with a tradesperson who belongs to a professional and registered organisation. Founded in 1891, this is largest association in the Australian plumbing industry.

Why Engage The Services Of Professionals?

While you may be a sort of jack of all trades, many reasons are there why you ought to trust the experts rather attempt a trial and error thing with your house plumbing.

Let’s now look at several reasons why rather than attempt the plumbing job yourself, it’s better to get in touch with an established and reputable plumbing company.

1. Plumber Service Companies Have Seen Everything

Your local plumbing company has in all probability encountered what you are currently going through. They have previously handled so many similar situations that it won’t take them long to have it all fixed up. Why worry yourself to exhaustion trying to sort things out yourself when a simple call to your residential plumber can have matters sorted out professionally?

Whenever an emergency strikes, sit back and relax as the experts take care of the dirty plumbing work!

2. You Also Get The Best Plumbing Tips

A big advantage of engaging the professionals is that you’ll have the opportunity of talking with them as they do the work. Use the occasion to pick their expert brains on plumbing issues which you have always wanted to know about.

3. Combined Full Services In One Visit

In most cases, a professional plumber would often provide much more than services restricted to plumbing. As you call them for the routine plumbing maintenance on the roof vents, why not also schedule your heating unit maintenance as well? Such joint scheduling of services saves money and time.

4. The Convenience Factor

Your DIY efforts at plumbing repairs ought not to interfere with your daily activities such as family events, outings and relaxation. Your local plumbing company will conveniently schedule such repairs and maintenance to suit your daily activities.

5. They Get To Master Your House

Establishing a solid relationship with a plumbing company really works to your favour over the long haul. For example, before long, they will have known and mastered exactly where all those little things are located. This turns into savings as they won’t take too long for them to rectify the issue troubling you.

As you consider engaging a plumber for keeps, why not visit the Plumbing Trades Employees Union’s website for useful tips about the plumbing trade and those engaged in providing the services.

Professional Plumbers – Helping You To Enjoy Dwelling Sans Clogged Drains

If your bathroom and kitchen outlets get blocked on a regular basis it is the time to catch up a professional plumber to help you unclog drains and set you free from the filths around. Clogging usually happens due to the accumulation of dirt, hair, grease and food from your kitchen. A professional plumbing company can offer an entire variety of services. They repair and unblock drains and set your home/office a healthier place to dwell.

Many people use harmful acids or chemicals to open up their drains. These might result into grave poisoning of the surrounding – all other than being detrimental to the PVC pipes and the waste water system. Many researchers recommend green methods to unclog drains. These methods are very safe as they don’t use powerful chemicals which harm you and the atmosphere.

You might want to seek professional supports for natural and advanced solutions to unclog drains. While many a health store can feature enzyme cleaners – the natural and effective methods to unblock drains, they need professionals’ assistance to ensure maximum result.

You can also pour one cup of baking soda followed by half a cup of salt and leave it overnight. Then flush the drain with three cups of boiling water to make it free of all the dirt. This method is both cost effective and environment friendly.

Apart from the above simpler methods, another effective way is to use suction force to clear up a blocked drain. You can use a plunger to loosen the hard particles that are sticking to your drain. If this doesn’t work, you must make use of a drain snake to find the clog and break it up.

If you are not too sure about these plumbing steps, help must be sought from a professional plumber who can dismantle the pipes and unclog your drains.



Source by Roberto Luongo

Finding The Right Plumber

Everyone has seen horror tales regarding getting lumbered with a disastrous builder or repairman, make more catastrophes than they fix and charging you a fortune in the process. Dangerous tradesmen are all over and plumbing is indifferent, but, when choosing a plumber it is especially imperative to ensure you spend a bit of time vetting to get it right.

Leaking gas is an inflammable, very explosive substance and can create devastation to not just rooms in buildings but houses, complete cul-de-sacs, villages and even towns. A biggas leakage can result in an explosion but an inefficiently firing stove or gas fire or a gas product with an improperly ventilated flue can cause carbon monoxide poisoning which will end a life in a matter of seconds. All of these dangers show the reasons to hire a dependable, experienced and able heating engineer or plumber.

Choose a Gas Safe Registered Plumber

Confirm that whichever plumber you hire is registered as Gas Safe. The gas safe register only lists competent workmen who have passed the necessary test and is confirmed as proficient to work with gas systems and appliances. The plumbing engineer must have an identification card with their registered number on and should also be located on a database on the gas safe register. Replacing Corgi means the old Corgi certification is no longer in use. All gas related work carried out by a unregistered tradesman is legally a criminal offence. For you, the customer, this means any problems which appears as a result is not covered by insurance.

Heating Engineer Charges & Costs

Even though your selected plumbing engineer is on the Gas Safe register there still remains more investigation to be done. A number of plumbing works can result with an increased bill stuffed with exorbinantly priced parts and costs which have been plucked from thin air. Ideally, when the gas engineer has seen the job you need to agree on a set price, including of all parts and labour rates. This confirms you won’t be presented with any more charges and an experienced plumber should be happy to work in this way in the majority of scenarios. There are a lot of times when a set cost cannot be set, an example of when is emergency callouts for jobs such as burst pipes or blocked drains, in these scenarios a set hourly charge should be arranged along with an estimate of time period to complete the work. This should give you an indication of the final price and you can keep track as you go along.

While the above guidelines will really assist you to decide on a good plumbing company they cannot guarantee so. A referral from friends or relations means a great deal, helps to keep a good plumbing company in constant work and gives them a constant supply of work meaning they can restrain their marketing costs and ideally pass along the savings to you, the customer.



Source by Huey Davis

Find a Plumber Richmond BC

Finding the best plumber in Richmond for your needs can be a difficult experience. You call your friends to ask whom they use as a plumber and quite often you hear who you should not call rather than whom to call. So many plumbing contractors today take you to the cleaners and provide very little service.

Living in a large city like Richmond British Columbia it can present a challenge to locate a professional you can trust. It is always best to search the Internet for recommendations for plumbing services in Richmond BC.

When you search don’t use just the word plumber. Try Plumber Richmond BC. In addition to searching for plumber also use words like plumbing, plumbers, heating and drainage. Quite often one company will offer several services.

Plumber Richmond BC would be a good search term to use. When you locate web sites listing plumbers check to see if anyone has left feedback for that plumbing company. Other search phrases you can use are Lower Mainland plumbing, Surrey plumbers, Burnaby heating, Richmond plumbing drainage, Coquitlam plumbing. The Lower Mainland refers to Vancouver and the surrounding cities of Surrey, Burnaby, Richmond, and Coquitlam. This is why it is best to use a combination of words. Another thing to try is to search Plumber Richmond British Columbia, Canada. Also try plumbers near Vancouver.

If you are having trouble with leaky pipes, dripping faucets or even if you need all your plumbing done for brand new construction, always try to get good recommendations before hiring a plumbing company. You can also check with the Richmond BC Better Business Bureau. It is best to check before starting a huge plumbing job to be sure you are dealing with reputable and honest professionals. Even if a company has been in business for 30 or 50 years does not mean that they have a good reputation. It is good to get a fair price but also important to get know that the Richmond BC plumbing company can get the work done in a reasonable amount of time without any setbacks.



Source by Dave Sage

Drain, Waste, and Plumbing Vent Systems Explained

Drain waste and vent piping are the two most important components in plumbing. These are the systems that take water away from your home. Let us examine how do they work.

Drain Waste-Vent System and Gravity

Earlier galvanized caste iron was used in the piping system, but now-a-days PVC piping is generally used. PVC piping is much better than the galvanized caste iron, as the later one clogs much easier. This distribution PVC piping system brings the water to the toilet bowl and the drain waste-vent system takes all the used water and waste away from the home to the sewer or septic system.

The functions of most sewer systems are based on gravity. That is the reason why everything goes down. In this process, the wastewater runs down the drain, enters the waste line, and finally leaves the bowl. Supply lines in the drainage system are fitted at forty or ninety degree angles. This drainage specification goes with the flow and helps the gravity of the sewer system to move the wastewater.

The Venting System
Venting system is a piping system and one of the most important components of drainage. The venting system consists of pipes. You must have noticed several pipes sticking up through the roofs of the houses in your neighborhood. These pipes are the venting system.

This system is also an essential requirement by the building code, as it prevents the water to draw out of the traps that are under sinks. Moreover, the other main function of this system is to allow gases to escape. It also helps wastewater to drain properly by relieving air pressure.

House Trap and Lateral Line
When the plumber ties the waste water pipes into the sewer line, he/she also installs house trap and lateral line. The main function of the house trap is to keep the waste and odors flowing out of the home, while the lateral line ties the house to the municipal sewer line.

This lateral line first goes into a sewer system down the street, and then it collects through a main distribution line, and finally goes to a sewer processing plant.

Air Admittance Vents
Air admittance vents are fitted under the sink. It helps sewer gases from coming out while drawing a bit of air in from under the sink. This way, these vents save money for you by reducing the amount of waste line vent stacks that you run. Moreover, they also help in reducing the possible number of penetrations through the roof.

Other Important Things
 – The sewage lines coming into the house must be higher than where they go to connect to the city sewer line. This is an essential requirement, as we know that the sewage moves by gravity.

 – There must be at least 2%-3% fall in your sewer system. However, it depends on the elevation of your home as well as the elevation of the city, which is the location of the connection.

 – The fall the drain waste-vent system that carries fluids through the sewage system must be at least 0.25 inch per foot.

 – There must be two-degree fall into the main line for the lateral.

Hence, here we see what are the components of a drain waste-vent system, and how do they work.



Source by Owen Walcher

Gutters and Repairing Or Replacing Gutter Nails – Gutters Sagging Or Falling Off? Some Simple Repair

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Cleaning and maintaining rain gutters may be one of the most ignored tasks for home owners. We will only drag out the ladder when the gutters are overflowing; water leaking into the basement or there are so many maple seedlings growing our houses look like a Chia Pet. You don’t need me to remind you that cleaning the gutters twice a year is a must. The spring cleaning, after the seeds and helicopters come down, is the most important. Many seeds float and quickly make their way to the downspout where it will become clogged in no time. In the fall the weather can change fast and the cold and wet is miserable and dangerous for ladder climbing. I have been in the gutter repair and maintenance business for more than five years and I can tell you late spring cleaning is critical to yearly gutter maintenance.

But you’re saying that you clean the gutters twice yearly and the dang things are still hanging off the house with water pooling far away from the downspout giving mosquitoes a perfect breeding pond for their eggs. What is happening is the nails are pulling out of the house and need to be hammered back in. This is a simple and effective way to extend the working life of your gutters indefinitely. The next time you’re at the hardware store get a hammer belt hook. This small thick leather devise with a heavy wire loop and slots for your belt is a safe way to carry a claw hammer up and down the ladder. As you move along cleaning the gutter, hammer the nails back in but do not crush the gutter. You should be able to reach three nails but be careful to never reach out to far. A good rule of thumb is to always keep your shoulders within the width of the ladder.

A few solid hits should tighten the nail but what if the nail remains loose? A properly installed nail must penetrate the end of the truss, rafter or ceiling joist. The fascia, nailed to the ends of the trusses, is less than an inch thick and ¼ inch gutter nails will split the plank then the nail will come loose if done incorrectly. Finding the truss ends is nearly impossible if the fascia has been covered with aluminum or vinyl siding because you can’t see the nails used to fix the fascia in place and trying to measure for the truss ends, even if you’re 1/16 of an inch off, by the third truss you’ll be missing the solid wood necessary to hold the nail.

So you have a gutter that has been ignored for years and you can’t tighten the gutter nail. I have cleaned and repaired thousands and thousands of feet of gutters and the hidden hanger with an integral self-drilling screw is the answer. You can get these hangers at the big-box home store but a better bet is to go to a siding and gutter supply house. It is worth the trip as you’ll be amazed at the selection and variety of gutter products and tools. This type of hidden hanger uses a ¼ inch hex-head drive and easily is screwed through the back of the gutter and into the fascia. The screw is at an angle to increase holding power and because it drills its own hole, it is far superior to nails. The smaller diameter self-drilling screw will not split the plank and if you don’t hit the truss end will still hold for many years. The problem with the hidden hanger is you’ll need clearance to hook it under the upper outside edge of the gutter and then swing it over to clip over the edge of the back of the gutter. If the roof overhang is too great you can’t make the swing without prying up the shingles. If the gutter is hanging away from the roof edge put the hangers in place along the offending length, then push up the gutter as best you can, then drive the screws in. Leave the old nails in place to fill the holes.

Another product is gutter screws that replace the gutter nail. These work well if the old nail was in the truss but pulled out anyway. The screws come with a tube to fit inside the gutter and are slightly larger in diameter. The screw is also longer to bite into solid wood. The preferred screw will have a square drive which is supplied in the box. To install a gutter screw you’ll have to first pull out the old nail with a pair of locking pliers like Vice-Grips. Then simply drive the screw into the old hole, through the tube and into the wood.

Remember to be careful on ladders and wear over-the-ankle lace-up boots. You’ll also need a good battery powered drill/driver, hammer with a belt hook and locking pliers. Keeping those nails tight will extend the life and usefulness of your gutters for years.

Beautiful Garden Centers in the United States

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Garden centers are known to be retail firms, which sell products and plants related to the different garden needs. A garden center is also considered as a primary business. It caters to the general public and is open in showcasing its display and facilities for plants and gardens.

The items one can find in the garden centers in the United States are the following:

•Perennial and annual flowers
•Shrubs
•Trees
•Roses
•Hanging baskets
•Container gardens
•Houseplants
•Water gardening
•Bulbs and seeds
•Potting mixes
•Mulch and soil amendments
•Chemicals and fertilizers
•Garden supplies and tools
•Pottery
•Garden decors, and
•Fountains.

Numerous garden centers in the United States consist of various departments, which include feeds for wild birds, gifts, floral displays, barbecue grills, and outdoor furniture, along with home decors, landscaping services and designs, as well as pet supplies. Usually, during the Christmas season, a lot of garden centers host large holiday season shops. Others also contain an additional coffee bar or cafe, unlike other restaurants situated in several garden centers in Europe.

In addition to this, a greenhouse is also commonly found in garden centers. Hence, a greenhouse protect plants from cold snaps, renders the store to safeguard houseplants in excellent condition, as well as provides the garden centers’ customers dry area to stay in during the rainy season. Furthermore, the horticulturist employees of garden centers are skilled and knowledgeable in diagnosing problems as well as in giving recommendations to all gardeners. In most garden centers, they are considered to be free service providers.

The following are the garden centers located in the United States:

Gilson Garden
Address: 3059 N. Ridge Rd., Perry, OH
Telephone Numbers: 440-259-4845 (wholesale), 440-259-5252 (retail)

The Gilson Gardens is situated right in the center of Lake Country historic nursery industry. It is a trade garden center, wholesale nursery, as well as florist. This year-round service store provides an assorted selection of trees, shrubs, and floral and perennial creations. As for their wholesale nursery, it offers ground covers, ornamental grasses, vines, perennials, and shrubs for the garden centers as well as landscapers all over the Midwest.

The Gilson Gardens has been founded in the year 1947. This family-owned garden company has started with only one greenhouse. Plus, it acts as a type of “along the side” road stand, which offer bare-root perennials as well as field-grown shrubs. At present, the Gilson Garden Company has about fifty employees and lets them be engaged in growing and retail operations of the company’s five farms consisting of forty acres in manufacture.

In addition to this, the company believes that a nursery plays an important and unique role in every community. It also must be a mellow and pleasant place to work or visit, an area where plants and people are connected, providing each to learn and to grow. A cherished and respected place alongside Lake Erie and the surrounding beautiful ecosystem, the Gilson Garden does all it can to be the finest and responsible steward of nature for years to come.

Dickman Farms Greenhouses & Garden Center
Address: 13 Archie Street Auburn, New York 13021
Telephone Number: (315) 253-3030
Garden Center Fax: 315-253-2983
Wholesale Fax: 315-253-3377
Here at Dickman Farms Garden Center, everyone is surely welcome!

In Dickman Farms, one will have the opportunity to find out the biggest array of lovely hanging baskets, specialty annuals, exhilarating new perennials, and designer-styled container gardens.

You can also stroll along its nursery. There, you will discover how it blooms together with its beautiful fragrant roses, and a wide collection of ornamental trees as well as flourishing flowering shrubs. Thus, the Dickman Farm Garden Center Division of expansive wholesale also offers its customers the ability and edge to transport an extensive range of beautiful perennials and specialty annuals that are fresh from its greenhouses straight to its garden center.

Hidden Timber Gardens
Address: 462 S. Chana Rd. Chana, IL 61015
Telephone Number: (815)751-4162

Hidden Timber Gardens dedicates itself to producing native plants, hardy perennials, specimen shrubs and trees, ornamental grasses, plus, stunning collector hostas, which range in more than sixty selections.

The Hidden Timber Gardens is located on five and a half acre land and is surrounded by eight hundred white pine trees as well as undisturbed woodlands. It also has planted numerous specimen trees. Moreover, it displays gardens for everyone to see and to relish. By touring its gardens, one will witness the occurrence of plants in its natural habitat, helping its customers decide on which plant is perfect and suitable right in their gardens. It also offers different ideas for several plant amalgamations.

Aside from this, the Hidden Timber Gardens possess perennial plants, which are ascertained to be hardy in both zones four and five, disease resistant as well as low maintenance. It also prides itself in choosing plants, which will provide its customers all seasons’ varieties. Picking out from the large variety of lush specimen trees, shrubs and evergreens, one is in no doubt of being bestowed with a unique garden setting perfect for its owner!
Visit and delight in Hidden Timber Garden’s beauty and tranquility!

Beachside Gardens
Address: 3725 E.U.S.HWY 12 Michigan City, IN 46360
Telephone Number: (219)879-8878

The Beachside Gardens has celebrated more than twenty-five years of excellent service, particularly in its Northwest Indiana region. This garden specializes in the natural and beautiful Dunes Landscape. In addition, it also produces its own hanging basket or containers, and bedding plants in the location. Moreover, it houses a large array of exuberant perennials.

The Beachside Gardens has a big selection of water garden tools and supplies such as pumps, fountains, liners, Koi fish and an assortment of water garden plants. Furthermore, it offers the one and only hardiest Michigan Grown Rhododendrons and Azaleas. All of these and more are a great addition to any beautiful garden.

Wanczyk Nursery
Address: 166 Russell Street Hadley, MA 01035
Telephone Number: 413.584.3709
Fax: 413.586.9698

The Wanczyk Nursery was established in the year 1954. It grows excellently featured nursery stock. This nursery stock is sold both in wholesale and retail, all the way to New England. This excellent nursery, based in Hadley, Massachusetts grows burlaped and balled nursery stock right on seventy-five land acres. It also containerizes plants on its eight-acre retail site near Route 9.

The Wanczyk Nursery’s broad assortment of notable burlaped shrubs and balled stock include Carol Mackie Daphne, Rhododendron, and Arborvitae. In addition, it also possesses an extensive collection of perennials, which has several arrays of Hemerocallis (Day Lilies) and a variety of annuals. It prides itself on its high quality and numerous selection of reasonably priced nursery stock.

The Wanczyk Nursery is the grower. Please do visit them!
Abbott’s Landscape Nursery
Address: 2781 Scio Church Ann Arbor, MI 48103
Telephone Number: (734)665-8733

The Abbott’s Landscape Nursery is known as a family-owned landscaping center, which serves the Ann Arbor community since the year 1981. Its property is a farm from the 18th century refurbished into a beautiful plant nursery as well as garden center. It offers products that ranges from topsoil and mulch through the hardiest shrubs and trees as well as astounding perennials.

In addition to this, it provides a wide variety of potting supplies, garden ornaments, garden tools, books, and wind chimes. Its services also range from great expert advice regarding the garden center, to consulting services, landscaping designs, and excellent work crews that are friendly and helpful with installing, planting, and mulching one’s landscaping dream into reality.

The Abbott’s Landscape Nursery greatest positive feature is its service. Far different from the usual big-box stores, which sell plants, it’s there for its plants and also loves to share its expertise with those found of gardening.

Please visit the Abbot’s Landscape Nursery and experience its beauty!

Gro-Rite Greenhouses & Garden Center
Address: 30 Hillview Road Lincoln Park, NJ 07035
Telephone Number: 973-694-7495
Fax: 973-305-8497

The Gro-Rite Greenhouses and Garden Center is a foremost family-owned garden center and green house situated in New Jersey. Having two attractive locations and a wide array of endless varieties, it has become a principal seller and grower of wonderful and vibrant perennials, annuals, landscaping and nursery products.

At Gro-Rite, one can discover the delights of gardening. By just touring its growing facilities, perennial and nursery yards, picking up unknown facts regarding plant care, planting, the latest stones as well as landscape products, it sure makes for a great experience.

Princeton Garden Center
Fax: 305-971-6719
Address: 26100, SW 177th Ave., Homestead, Fl 33031.

The Princeton Garden Center’s garden decors and outdoor patio furniture, which are from its garden center collection, are truly ideal embellishments to one’s home. With its outdoor patio style piece, it helps create the mood of your garden atmosphere. It also provides you with great garden decor selections to choose from in order to bring out the life of your garden setting. Thus, at this garden center, one will discover numerous decor items like statues, water fountains, solar garden lights, and plaques.

What Tools Does A Do-It-Yourself Plumber Need?

If you want to be a do-it-yourself plumber, make sure that you have following tools available to you.

Wrenches
There are many types of wrenches, but the two main types that will prove very handy for you as a do-it-yourself plumber are: adjustable wrenches and pipe wrenches.

Adjustable Wrenches
You can open or close adjustable wrenches to fit nuts, bolts of several sizes and fittings that have flat sides. You can find different sizes of adjustable wrenches that may range from 4″ to 2′ long. However, you, being a do-it-yourself plumber, can do with 10″ to 12″ handle only. They are good general-purpose-size wrenches. When you are using an adjustable wrench, make sure you have positioned it in such a way that the force applies against the fixed jaw.

Pipe Wrenches
Pipe wrenches are useful when it comes to gripping and turning threaded pipes and pipe fittings. Their adjustable and toothed jaws are specially designed for the purpose. These wrenches are available in various sizes that can range from 12″ to 18″ in length. Larger wrenches are suitable to fit larger pipes. In pipe wrenches also, make sure while using it, you are applying the force against the permanent jaw, and not the adjustable one.

Pliers
A do-it-yourself plumber must have the following pliers available to him/her.

Rib-joint Pliers
These tools are very handy when it comes to turning pipes, nuts, and fittings. You can adjust the size of its jaw by sliding the pivot along the slot and engaging it at various positions. This way, you can use it to firmly grip objects of various sizes.

Locking Pliers
You can use these pliers for clamping actions. You can use these tools to lock a bolt or a pipe. You can also adjust the size of the grip by using the knurled screw mounted in one handle.

Screwdrivers
Screwdrivers are multipurpose tools. Whether it is changing faucet washers or dissembling plumbing related appliances, these tools come in handy. You must have various sizes and types of screwdrivers available to you. It is better if you have two or three sizes of each standard. If you have a 4-in-1 driver, it can be very useful for you. Make sure that the drivers fit closely in the screw’s head, otherwise both the screw and the tip of the driver can be mangled.

Pipe Cutters
A few types of pipe cutters are also very handy for the purpose. There are pipe cutters that you can use to cut copper or steel pipes. Their sharp cutting wheels and adjustable jaw are specially designed for such purposes. Another type is a plastic tubing cutter that you can use to cut rigid and flexible plastic tubing like sprinkle pipes.

Measuring Tape
Sometimes, you need to measure runs of pipe. In such cases, measuring tapes come very handy. When it comes to measuring tapes, a retractable steel tape is the best choice for you. Moreover, it is better if you have a 25-footer measure tape, as you can easily extend its blade for several feet without any support.

Drain Clearing Plumbing Tools
When you face the problem of clogged drains, drain-clearing tools can be very useful for you. Some of the drain-clearing tools include drain augers, toilet augers, hydraulic blow bags, and toilet and sink plungers, etc.

These tools are essential for do-it-yourself plumbing jobs. They are very useful and can make your work much easier.



Source by Owen Walcher

Using On Page SEO

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If you have a website you want it to rank well with search engines. If it doesn’t there is no use even having a website at all. So, we use SEO techniques to make sure those people searching will get a comprehensive list of sites (hopefully ours is on that list) to visit. The sites with the best information and the best optimization of keywords to search with are the ones that land on page one.

On Page SEO then is the practice of optimizing individual pages of your site in order to rank higher and earn more relevant traffic when it comes to search engines. It not only refers to the content of each page, but also to the HTML (the hypertext markup language which is a system of tagging text files for things like font, graphics, hyperlink effects and colour) of each page.

When the World Wide Web first started up, websites were busy stuffing themselves full of keywords. While they are still important today, they won’t necessarily do anything to boost a ranking alone. In fact, they may just do the opposite and inhibit content and usability of the site for users. No users means bad rankings and if no one is looking at your content, you aren’t going to be selling anything to anyone either.

What a good site does do is to serve the searcher. That is, the site delivers to them the content that they are looking for, they don’t have to go looking for their answer, they have it laid out in front of them in an easy to read informative way. Changing keywords ever so slightly may mean there are less of them per 100 words, but it may mean more people can find your site and your information.

If you don’t already know what people are using to find your site you can do a quick check and then use those narrowed down keywords to your advantage. Use related topics that give that user all the information and more and will keep them coming back to your site time after time.

Websites earn associations and connections with the subject matter that they include. If you address the site’s brand and get off the keyword stuffing bandwagon, you may just find success and this is what On Page SEO strives to do. While there are different ways to utilize search engine optimization, this is one that may just be the way of the future. Today.

Ice Cream Brands – List of Ice Cream Brands

Ice Cream is demanded and one of favorite dish for all persons. In summer, all parties or events are incomplete without ice cream. You may get more different  dishes also with adding Ice cream in them. It was come to know with marriage of Catherine de Medici to the Duc d’Orleans in 1533. But it dates back to the Tang dynasty with soft milk and rice mixture added with snow and flavored with camphor.

Now, lots of Ice cream brands are there in market and they are famous because of their tasty ice cream flavors along with lots of ice cream flavors.

Breyers Ice Cream: This is brand owned by unilever. All brayers ice cream are named short and natural with easy pronouncement for ingredients. But now brayers have expanded itself to the long and artificial names with meat collections. So this is not only limited to vegetarian.

Bruster’s Ice Cream: This is chain of ice cream palour with ice cream and frogen yogurt which are made from a pre-made mix at each individual store. In 1989, Reed opened the ice cream with name of Handel’s Homemade Ice Cream & Yogurt. After some times Bruster decided to open his ice cream parlour and get maketing around the area. Its head quarter is still in Bridgewater.

Ben & Jerry’s: Ben & Jerry’s Homemade Holdings, Inc with headquarter in South Burlington manufactures sorbet, frozen yogurt, and ice cream. The company is now owned by the conglomerate Unilever. They have around 30 global locations.

Blue Bunny: Wells Dairy is maker of Blue Bunny ice cream and largest family-owned and managed dairy processor in the United States. This is third largest ice cream maker in US. “Just-For-You” packaging was debuted by Blue Bunny offering an seven-ounce package of ice cream with different variety and light flavors.

Baskin Robbins: this is first food franchised business with first ice cream cake manufacturer in world. It is also biggest franchise seller food business. In 1953, Burt Baskin and Irv Robbins founded Baskin Robbins with 21 flavors which are extended to 31 flavors. Now it has 30 countries based global locations.

Visit website for Baskin Robbins Middle East, Baskin Robbins UAE, Baskin Robbins Oman

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