Does PureWash Work & How Does It Compare To EcoWash and LaundryPure?

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If you are searching the web, wondering if the rumors are true… rumor being that you can clean your laundry WITHOUT detergents or any additive (bleach, vinegar, baking soda, etc).  You have come to the right spot. 

It is true, the Purewash laundry system does work.  Actually, the Purewash, LaundryPure or EcoWash, are all the same technology and will definitely improve your laundry quality!  It’s pretty life changing.

This is a quick review on the Purewash Laundry System (same as EcoWash and LaundryPure).  After reading this review, I hope you are convinced to order one and put it to good use!

This ozone technology has only bee available to commercial laundry systems and in hospitals up until a couple years ago, now it is available for your home.  They have been using this technology in hospitals for over 10 years!

These laundry systems take your normal tap water and add O3 (ozone – 3 oxygen molecules) to the water.  This opens up the fiber and dislodges the dirt and grime from your fabrics.  You clothing will smell fresh, just like they were clean in fresh bubbly mountain spring water.  O3 also kills almost everything on or in your laundry.

There are many stories of dirty items that these laundry systems have cleaned.  Diesel has come out of jeans (some would say that was impossible :), hog chore clothes come clean with no detergents (and cold water!), dingy socks come out whiter, cloth diapers come out smelling and feeling clean, etc.  Most households do not do “very dirty” laundry, but everyone still wants to know if it really works on the really dirty stuff.  It does.  Sometimes you will have to pre-treat stains (just like you had to before).  But overall, it works like a charm.

Here are some perks:

Cold Water – never pay for hot water, (take a shower while the wash is running).

No Detergents or Softeners– no more irritating soap residuals left in your clothing – detergents, softeners, etc are a huge problem with skin irritations, especially for babies and those who suffer from eczema and psoriasis.

Clothes Last Longer & Don’t Fade – using cold water creates less wear on  your clothing.

No Need To Sort – everything is washed in cold water, you don’t have to sort by color.

Save Big Money – not paying for hot water, detergents or replacing ruined clothing.

Faster Drying – clothes are cleaner and retain less water with this laundry system.

Anyone Can Do Laundry! – you can’t mess it up.  Your husband and children *gasp*, can now throw a load of laundry in and hit start.  No messes to be made or wrong temperature settings.

I have an EcoWash installed in my laundry room and would NOT go back to the “traditional” way of doing laundry with soap, vinegar & bleach.  I love my EcoWash and recommend it for everyone.  It will pay for itself in less than a year.  It doesn’t need replacement parts and will probably out live your washing machine.

The best price on the PureWash and LaundryPure is $400.  I have found the EcoWash for  $250 and $300.  If you haven’t already bought one, my vote is for the EcoWash

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Source by C Mom

The Fundamentals of Asphalt Shingles

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Shingles come in numerous constructions, designs, colors, and sizes. They are specifically manufactured for sloping roof systems of at least a 4:12 pitch (4 inch vertical rise over a 12 inch horizontal run), and can be found in a variety of materials. The most common include asphalt, clay or concrete tile, slate, wood, and metal.

Although there is a generous selection of roof shingles to choose from, for more than a century, asphalt (bitumen) roof shingles have proven to be the most prominent and popular choice to this day. Not only are they cost-effective and easy to install, they are durable, long-lasting, and require little maintenance. They also come in countless colors and styles, making it simple to achieve a customized look on a budget.

Continue reading to learn the basic facts about asphalt roof shingles, and why they are a fantastic choice for sloped roofs.

Construction

The two most common types of construction for bitumen shingles are fiberglass and organic mat-based shingles. Both may have an asphalt saturated organic substrate made from cellulose fibers (such as wood or paper), or they can have a fiberglass-based substrate. Fiberglass shingles are highly durable, lightweight, and thin. They also have longer warranties and higher fire ratings in comparison to alternative organic materials. Organic mat-based shingles have 40% more bitumen content than fiberglass versions, which makes them thicker and heavier. They are also a bit more expensive, but they are malleable, strong, and can withstand more damage overtime.

Design Options

The most common design options are 3-tab strip shingle and laminated dimensional shingle. The 3-tab version has cutouts or tabs along the bottom edge, giving it the appearance of 3 shingles instead of one. It is the most common and cost-effective shingle design option. The laminated dimensional shingle is a more textured and architectural approach. It is a premium product with multiple layers of bitumen laminated tabs, giving it a layered and dimensional look.

Color Options

Asphalt shingles come in a variety of color families. Any color or hue can be matched to a property with ease since the collection of colors has expanded overtime. Roofing companies generally retain innovative technology that allows property owners to choose colors more accurately. This allows clients to experiment with different colors in order to find the perfect one.

Environmentally-Friendly Options

With increasing innovations in the roofing industry, homeowners can now opt for an eco-friendly approach to shingle installation. There is a new product of asphalt shingle that uses cool-roof technology, which reduces the amount of heat shingles absorb from the sun. This greener option is cost-effective since it decreases the amount of AC you use in the summer!

Roof Repair and Maintenance

Although durable, bitumen shingles are still prone to damage. But as long as your roof system is properly ventilated at all times and inspected by a professional company on an annual basis, you can expect great performance and value from them.

Replacing a Bathroom Sink

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TOOLS
• Tape measure
• Pipe wrench
• Pry bar
• Utility knife
• Adjustable wrench
• Screwdriver
Materials

• Replacement Sink
• Replacement Faucet
• Sink Trap
• Tail piece
• Supply lines
• Silicone caulk or plumber’s putty
Teflon® tape

Understanding the sink & plumbing fixtures.
• This is a general schematic of a sink’s internal plumbing.
• Water is supplied through house plumbing, into the flexible tubes, and into the sink, where it is controlled by the faucet.
• Note: These shutoff valves should be turned off prior to performing any service on the sink!
• Note: If you do not have shutoff valves supplying your sink, you will have to shut off the entire supply to the bathroom. This may involve a specific branch of the building’s plumbing, or it may involve the entire system. If you are unsure about this, seek advice from a knowledgeable source.
• You will know if the supply is shut off to the sink, when the faucets are turned to the “On” position. (Residual water may drain out of the faucet, but not water under any pressure.)
• The sink Trap will also need to be removed, and although this piece is not under pressure, there will be a small amount of water, which remains in this tube at all times (to prevent sewer gases from escaping into the bathroom area). Be prepared with a bucket to catch this water, when you disconnect this tube.
• Note: Disconnecting the sink is mainly a one-person job, although most sinks are made of heavy materials, and two people may be needed when physically removing the sink from the wall.
*(This is a Generalized image; specific fixtures may not have identical features.)

STEP 1 -Disconnecting the Existing Sink from the water supply.
• After closing the shutoff valves and/or the bathroom water supply, take the adjustable wrench, and loosen the flexible hoses, where they meet the shutoff valves.
• This requires a tight fit of the adjustable wrench, on the nut connected to the valve, and turning the nut to the left.
After both flexible tubes are disconnected from the shutoff valves, we can move on to

STEP 2 – Disconnecting the Existing Sink Drain.
• Removing the sink drain is a simple procedure. (This will [most likely] require the use of the pipe wrench, but in some cases, the connecting ring may be able to be loosened by hand.)
• If you require the pipe wrench to disconnect the trap, start with the vertical drain tube connectors first.
• The 2nd connector rings next.
• REMEMBER: There will be a small amount of water remaining in this tube, so be prepared.
Leave the drain tube, which enters the wall in place, you will be re-utilizing this when connecting the new sink.

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Source by Bathgems

Replacing a Bathroom Sink

[ad_1]

TOOLS
• Tape measure
• Pipe wrench
• Pry bar
• Utility knife
• Adjustable wrench
• Screwdriver
Materials

• Replacement Sink
• Replacement Faucet
• Sink Trap
• Tail piece
• Supply lines
• Silicone caulk or plumber’s putty
Teflon® tape

Understanding the sink & plumbing fixtures.
• This is a general schematic of a sink’s internal plumbing.
• Water is supplied through house plumbing, into the flexible tubes, and into the sink, where it is controlled by the faucet.
• Note: These shutoff valves should be turned off prior to performing any service on the sink!
• Note: If you do not have shutoff valves supplying your sink, you will have to shut off the entire supply to the bathroom. This may involve a specific branch of the building’s plumbing, or it may involve the entire system. If you are unsure about this, seek advice from a knowledgeable source.
• You will know if the supply is shut off to the sink, when the faucets are turned to the “On” position. (Residual water may drain out of the faucet, but not water under any pressure.)
• The sink Trap will also need to be removed, and although this piece is not under pressure, there will be a small amount of water, which remains in this tube at all times (to prevent sewer gases from escaping into the bathroom area). Be prepared with a bucket to catch this water, when you disconnect this tube.
• Note: Disconnecting the sink is mainly a one-person job, although most sinks are made of heavy materials, and two people may be needed when physically removing the sink from the wall.
*(This is a Generalized image; specific fixtures may not have identical features.)

STEP 1 -Disconnecting the Existing Sink from the water supply.
• After closing the shutoff valves and/or the bathroom water supply, take the adjustable wrench, and loosen the flexible hoses, where they meet the shutoff valves.
• This requires a tight fit of the adjustable wrench, on the nut connected to the valve, and turning the nut to the left.
After both flexible tubes are disconnected from the shutoff valves, we can move on to

STEP 2 – Disconnecting the Existing Sink Drain.
• Removing the sink drain is a simple procedure. (This will [most likely] require the use of the pipe wrench, but in some cases, the connecting ring may be able to be loosened by hand.)
• If you require the pipe wrench to disconnect the trap, start with the vertical drain tube connectors first.
• The 2nd connector rings next.
• REMEMBER: There will be a small amount of water remaining in this tube, so be prepared.
Leave the drain tube, which enters the wall in place, you will be re-utilizing this when connecting the new sink.

[ad_2]

Source by Bathgems

USASF Rules and The Cheerleading Worlds

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The USASF (United States All Star Federation) is the largest company that sets out all of the rules and regulations for All-Star Cheerleading. Each year they come out with new rules – some of which bring up a lot of buzz in the cheerleading world. The 2012-2013 season is no exception to this. I am going to talk about a few of the major rule changes that bring up a lot of buzz.

Tumbling Rule Changes

• Standing fulls are not allowed

• Standing doubles are not allowed

• Consecutive bounding, twisting skills are not allowed

Age Grid Rule Changes

• Eliminate mini level 3 through mini level 5

• Eliminate youth level 5 restricted teams by placing restrictions on youth level 5

o No double fulls in tumbling

o No kick doubles in basket tosses

o No twisting in braced flips

• No longer separating junior coed level 3 from junior all girl level 3

• No longer separating junior coed level 4 from junior all girl level 4

• Bottom age for senior teams, level 1, level 2, level 3, level 4, and senior restricted level 5, will be 10 years old

• Bottom age for senior level 5 teams will be 12 years old

• The age restriction for an international open team that is level 5 is 15 years of age and older

• The age restriction for an international open team that is level 6 is 17 years of age and older

• Eliminate international age rule for the United States teams – athletes must be of legal age according to the age grid by the cut off (August 31st) of that season

All of these new rules are to be implemented during the 2012-2013 all star cheerleading season.

Along with the USASF being the major rule maker within all star cheerleading, they are the people who allow the handing out of Worlds Bids. Worlds is the top competition known to all star cheerleading. It is for senior level 5 cheerleaders only. There are only so many worlds bids offered per year, and the USASF divvies out which competition gets to hand them out based on the number of teams and athletes attend their event.

Bid season is right around the corner! With that being said, some of you may be new to cheerleading and not know much information about what a worlds bid actually is. A worlds’ bid is literally your ticket to The Cheerleading Worlds. Without one, you cannot go and compete at the most prestigious competition for level 5 cheerleaders in Orlando, Florida. There are three different types of bids that are offered: at-large worlds’ bid, partial paid worlds’ bid, and full paid worlds’ bid. I will go in depth a little bit more to explain the differences between the various types of worlds’ bids.

At-Large Bid: An at-large bid is essentially an unpaid worlds bid. This type of bid allows teams to go compete at Worlds. Unlike the other types of bids offered, teams have to pay the full price of the competition. The costs include actual competition fees, hotel fees, travel fees (ex – airplane, bus, rental cars, etc.), and hopper passes to Disney (because the competition is located in Orlando and the competition is on Disney properties).

Partial Paid Bid: A partial paid worlds bid is a bid that partially pays for a team’s trip to Worlds in Orlando, Florida. The money for the bid comes directly from the competition company that they win the bid at. The costs that the partial paid bid for pays for the same things that an at-large bid pays for, however the overall costs are less to the athletes or gym because of receiving some of the money from a competition company.

Full Paid Bid: A full paid bid is pretty self-explanatory. This is a completely paid for trip to The Cheerleading Worlds by the competition company that they win the bid at. The costs that are paid for are all of the same costs that a partial paid bid and an at-large bid has.

The way teams obtain bids (no matter the type) is through various national competitions hosted by a variety of companies. Teams compete two days and get a combined score that gives you a ranking. The competition company then hands out Worlds bids at their discretion.

Replacing a Bathroom Sink

[ad_1]

TOOLS
• Tape measure
• Pipe wrench
• Pry bar
• Utility knife
• Adjustable wrench
• Screwdriver
Materials

• Replacement Sink
• Replacement Faucet
• Sink Trap
• Tail piece
• Supply lines
• Silicone caulk or plumber’s putty
Teflon® tape

Understanding the sink & plumbing fixtures.
• This is a general schematic of a sink’s internal plumbing.
• Water is supplied through house plumbing, into the flexible tubes, and into the sink, where it is controlled by the faucet.
• Note: These shutoff valves should be turned off prior to performing any service on the sink!
• Note: If you do not have shutoff valves supplying your sink, you will have to shut off the entire supply to the bathroom. This may involve a specific branch of the building’s plumbing, or it may involve the entire system. If you are unsure about this, seek advice from a knowledgeable source.
• You will know if the supply is shut off to the sink, when the faucets are turned to the “On” position. (Residual water may drain out of the faucet, but not water under any pressure.)
• The sink Trap will also need to be removed, and although this piece is not under pressure, there will be a small amount of water, which remains in this tube at all times (to prevent sewer gases from escaping into the bathroom area). Be prepared with a bucket to catch this water, when you disconnect this tube.
• Note: Disconnecting the sink is mainly a one-person job, although most sinks are made of heavy materials, and two people may be needed when physically removing the sink from the wall.
*(This is a Generalized image; specific fixtures may not have identical features.)

STEP 1 -Disconnecting the Existing Sink from the water supply.
• After closing the shutoff valves and/or the bathroom water supply, take the adjustable wrench, and loosen the flexible hoses, where they meet the shutoff valves.
• This requires a tight fit of the adjustable wrench, on the nut connected to the valve, and turning the nut to the left.
After both flexible tubes are disconnected from the shutoff valves, we can move on to

STEP 2 – Disconnecting the Existing Sink Drain.
• Removing the sink drain is a simple procedure. (This will [most likely] require the use of the pipe wrench, but in some cases, the connecting ring may be able to be loosened by hand.)
• If you require the pipe wrench to disconnect the trap, start with the vertical drain tube connectors first.
• The 2nd connector rings next.
• REMEMBER: There will be a small amount of water remaining in this tube, so be prepared.
Leave the drain tube, which enters the wall in place, you will be re-utilizing this when connecting the new sink.

[ad_2]

Source by Bathgems

What is the Ultimate Lifestyle?

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gutters orlando florida We are the best Gutter repair / installation team in the Orlando area, and this article is presented by us. Hope to work with you soon! Give us a call today about gutters and you won’t be disapointed!

Since the mission of this newsletter is to help you define,
Carve out, and live your own Ultimate Lifestyle, I figured I
Should devote some space to laying a proper foundation for
Doing that.

Before you can hit a target, you need to know where it is!
So, to begin, let's answer the question:

What is The Ultimate Lifestyle?

First of all, it's different for different people. There are
No rules or formulas. For some people, it means a lot of
Money, lots of "stuff," a fast-paced and "jet-set" sort of
Lifestyle. For others, it means a very simple, slow-paced
Life that focuses on service to others. And for others, it's
Every possible scenario in between these two "extremes."

There's no right or wrong lifestyle, or good or bad
Lifestyle.

There's just what works for you – and it will likely change
Over time. I know it has for me.

No matter how you end up defining Ultimate Lifestyle for
Yourself, now and in the future, there are 8 components that
Must be considered:

1) Income Streams

To live your Ultimate Lifestyle, you must have income
Streams flowing that allow you to pay your bills and finance
All the "extras" you prefer. To me, the ultimate target to
Shoot for in arena arena is to have income streams flowing
Whether you "show up" for "work" or not, so you can choose
What you want to show up for (even if it continues to be
What you call "work" or a "job.").

That's what I've been able to realize by applying my
Invisible Path / 11th Element strategies combined with direct
Marketing on and off the Internet.

Having income streams streaming whether you show up or now
Seems like "pie in the sky" to many people, but it's
Actually very attainable in today's world. You'll learn more
About how to do it in future issues.

2) Emotions and Beliefs

Many people fail to create their Ultimate Lifestyle because
They have emotional blocks, issues, or beliefs (what I call
"P.s's." Egypt "master biography files") that hold them back.
Other people have produced extra results and could
Live their Ultimate Lifestyle, but their blocks, issues or
Beliefs prevent them from doing it – or fully enjoying it.

Therefore, living The Ultimate Lifestyle must include having
Access to resources and inner skills that allow you to
Remove and remove, heal, or release any blocks, issues or
Beliefs that hold you back. You'll learn more about how to
Do that in future issues.

3) Fulfillment and Satisfaction

Whether you have a 9-5 job and career, you're a full-time
Mom, or whatever you do with your time, a big part of living
The Ultimate Lifestyle means getting as much fulfillment and
Satisfaction from what you spend your time on as possible.

Many people do not ask for this, do not focus on this, and
Therefore do not get it. You must make it part of your
Intention and focus!

4) Living Environment

How and where do you want to live? In the mountains? In the
Big city? On the water? Multiple homes? Do you want to live
In a big home or a small home? Is privacy or seeing
Beautiful scenery out your windows important to you? Do you
Like modern furnishings, antiques, or an eclectic mix?
Living the Ultimate Lifestyle means asking these questions
And having a home base that nourishes you at a very deep
Level. My family recently moved to Charlottesville, Virginia
In pursuit of the nourishing living environment we craved –
And we got it, even better than we expected!

5) Relationships

What good is having income streams, a healthy emotional
Life, empowering belief systems, a great living environment,
And a sense of fulfillment and satisfaction from how you
Spend you time if you're alone (and do not want to be) or
Your relationships with significant others (parents,
Siblings, kids, associates, etc.) are a mess? Believe me, I
Know about this one from long personal experience (before
Meeting my wife, Cecily).

Therefore, living The Ultimate Lifestyle must include having
Access to resources and inner skills that allow you to
Attract, build, and maintain healthy relationships.

6) Health

Again, what good is having income streams, a healthy
Emotional life, empowering belief systems, a great living
Environment, fulfillment and satisfaction, and great
Relationships if you have health problems that drag your
Quality of life into the gutter?

Dr. Robert Lindberg says, "We spend most of our life gaining
Wealth and we then spend most of our wealth on gaining back
Our health. "

Living The Ultimate Lifestyle means having access to
Knowledge, resources, and skills that allow you to get
Healthy, stay healthy, and quickly resolve difficulties if
And when they arise. I discussed some of the resources I use
For this in previous issues, and will continue to share them
In future issues,

7) Time

You can have income streams, a healthy emotional life,
Empowering belief systems, a great living environment,
Fulfillment and satisfaction, great relationships and health
And if you do not have any time to do what you love, to
Follow your non-work passions, or to truly enjoy anything,
What's the point? I know many people who could absolutely be
Living their Ultimate Lifestyle, but they choose to work too
Much, to the detriment of their quality of life. That's too
Bad – to have the choice and ability and not do it.

8) Wealth Building, Management, and Responsibility

The final component to living The Ultimate Lifestyle is
Having systems in place that allow you to use your income
Streams to create wealth (as you define it), manage it, grow
It, protect it, structure your financial and business
Affairs for maximum efficiency and personal benefit, and
Find ways of contributing and giving back (if that's
Important to you, which it is to me and my wife).

I'll be writing a follow up article, called "The fuel that drives the Ultimate Lifestyle" shortly.

Does PureWash Work & How Does It Compare To EcoWash and LaundryPure?

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If you are searching the web, wondering if the rumors are true… rumor being that you can clean your laundry WITHOUT detergents or any additive (bleach, vinegar, baking soda, etc).  You have come to the right spot. 

It is true, the Purewash laundry system does work.  Actually, the Purewash, LaundryPure or EcoWash, are all the same technology and will definitely improve your laundry quality!  It’s pretty life changing.

This is a quick review on the Purewash Laundry System (same as EcoWash and LaundryPure).  After reading this review, I hope you are convinced to order one and put it to good use!

This ozone technology has only bee available to commercial laundry systems and in hospitals up until a couple years ago, now it is available for your home.  They have been using this technology in hospitals for over 10 years!

These laundry systems take your normal tap water and add O3 (ozone – 3 oxygen molecules) to the water.  This opens up the fiber and dislodges the dirt and grime from your fabrics.  You clothing will smell fresh, just like they were clean in fresh bubbly mountain spring water.  O3 also kills almost everything on or in your laundry.

There are many stories of dirty items that these laundry systems have cleaned.  Diesel has come out of jeans (some would say that was impossible :), hog chore clothes come clean with no detergents (and cold water!), dingy socks come out whiter, cloth diapers come out smelling and feeling clean, etc.  Most households do not do “very dirty” laundry, but everyone still wants to know if it really works on the really dirty stuff.  It does.  Sometimes you will have to pre-treat stains (just like you had to before).  But overall, it works like a charm.

Here are some perks:

Cold Water – never pay for hot water, (take a shower while the wash is running).

No Detergents or Softeners– no more irritating soap residuals left in your clothing – detergents, softeners, etc are a huge problem with skin irritations, especially for babies and those who suffer from eczema and psoriasis.

Clothes Last Longer & Don’t Fade – using cold water creates less wear on  your clothing.

No Need To Sort – everything is washed in cold water, you don’t have to sort by color.

Save Big Money – not paying for hot water, detergents or replacing ruined clothing.

Faster Drying – clothes are cleaner and retain less water with this laundry system.

Anyone Can Do Laundry! – you can’t mess it up.  Your husband and children *gasp*, can now throw a load of laundry in and hit start.  No messes to be made or wrong temperature settings.

I have an EcoWash installed in my laundry room and would NOT go back to the “traditional” way of doing laundry with soap, vinegar & bleach.  I love my EcoWash and recommend it for everyone.  It will pay for itself in less than a year.  It doesn’t need replacement parts and will probably out live your washing machine.

The best price on the PureWash and LaundryPure is $400.  I have found the EcoWash for  $250 and $300.  If you haven’t already bought one, my vote is for the EcoWash

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Source by C Mom

Gas Central Heating Systems

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Have you ever wondered how your central heating system worked?  Most people don’t know which is why I have attempted to explain it in very simple terms

An average modern heating system will have some major components which are a boiler, radiators, hot water cylinder, thermostat, programmer, hot water cylinder, thermostat, pump and valve.  The boiler has two jobs, to heat your radiators and heat your water tank.  The programme which contains a clock allows you to automate when the heating and hot water is turned on and off.  

When the boiler is turned on by the programmer the boiler will then be turned on and offer by either the room thermostat or the hot water cylinder thermostat. Each of the thermostats will turn the boiler on and off as and when the heat is needed.

The valve is electrically operated and is basically a switch which makes the hot water flow to the radiator or hot water cylinder depending on which thermostat is calling for heat, which can be both.

The water in your boiler is not the same that comes out of your taps.  The water in your heating system goes around and around the boiler and radiators indefinitely. The only time it would get changed would be if a plumber were to drain the system for some reason.

If you ever wondered why your boiler continues to run for a few minutes after the boiler has been turned off this is because you have a modern boiler with a pump over-run facility.  This removes the risk of static water in the heat exchanger being boiled by left over heat after the gas flame have been turned off which extends the heat exchanger life.  

The pros of gas central heating systems is that gas is a highly efficient fuel which is why it’s the most popular fuel in heating systems. The gas is piped directly into your home so you don’t need to store it anywhere like you do with Oil or liquid petroleum gas (LPG).  The downside of gas is that prices are high and seem likely to stay that way because we are competing with other countries to buy our Gas from abroad as we are no long self sufficient.

With Gas central heating systems it is very important to understand the dangers of carbon monoxide poisoning.  Boilers and gas appliances can leak carbon monoxide which can be fatal. Carbon monoxide is produced when gas appliances like boilers or ovens aren’t fully burning their fuel. This could be down to having be installed poorly or incorrectly, or when vents, chimneys or flues become blocked.  This is the same for coal, wood, petrol and oil fired boilers as they can all produce deadly carbon monoxide.

This is why it is very important to get your heating systems and fuel powered appliances installed by experts and not just anybody.  Boilers need to be annual serviced to ensure they are all working safely and efficiently and should only be installed by someone who is on the Gas Safe Register which is what replaced Corgi.  This basically means they are legally allowed and qualified to do the work.

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Source by Carolyn Clayton

How does a hot tap work?

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Hot tapping is also known to be wet tapping. It is an easy way to tap the water line while the line remains under pressure. In the existing line an additional line is added to drain the system or add it to the thermo-well or the sensor. Several tapping machines have adapters in them that have a bleed valve which allows the pressure to be tested with a hydrostatic pump and to ensure that the tapping saddle or the sleeve has a good fit in it and it does not leak any further.

How a Hot Tap functions?
The functioning of a hot tap is done by placing the saddle or the tapping sleeve on top of the line and to add a valve (ball valve, gate valve, corp stop). Then the saddle is tested for the purpose of fitting and it is pressure tested with a hydrostatic pump and it goes through the bleed valve that is present on the adapter.

The wall tapping machine has a packing gland which then seals the valve. Then you have to tap the pipe by using the hot tap machine, so as to lower the tap cutter and the pilot by holding the retention wires down through the valve and then hold it to cut the metal or the plastic coupon. When it is done with the help of the tap, then it has to be retracted into the assembly line and placed inside the machine and then the valve has to be closed.

When the task of the tap is completed then you must retract the assembly till the machine and then close the valve tightly. By doing this your job will be completed and it will be ready for draining and adding a line into it.

A plumber can further expand the business by adding the hot tap services. With the addition of inexpensive portable machine, the task will be done through a ¾” through 2.00″ taps that are present on any kind of pipe. This process further allows for the reduction of the draining system and to further avoid any kind of expensive shutdowns while adding up an extra line or the point of drain while the line still remains hot.This can be a very viable investment for the small commercial plumber to add any extra jobs in the strip malls, large hotels, and with better facilities.

How do I know what tapping sleeve is required for the job?
To know which kind of tapping sleeve must be used is a difficult process. If you do not know which product to buy, you must always consult with an expert and get the best product for the application.

There are several kinds of hot tap saddles, service saddles and even the tapping sleeves that are available from the basic ductile iron bodies that is present in the stainless steel design.

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Source by davidlee

Pro-Vas: New Male Contraceptive Procedure

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Pro-Vas is a male birth control procedure that naturally prevents pregnancy. The no scalpel procedure takes 15 minutes or less with little post procedural pain. The vas-occlusive procedure is the same in method to a vasectomy, but rather than cutting, suturing or cauterizing the vas deferens, a permanent clip is attached. This creates a more positive overall experience for men and their families.

There is no general anesthesia required for Pro-Vas, so the procedure can also be performed safely and comfortably on your doctor’s office. Pro-Vas is a tiny unique titanium and polymer clip that effectively occludes each vas deferens, stopping the flow of sperm. The gentle pressure from the Pro-Vas clip is specially designed to block sperm without damaging the tissue. This new non-scalpel method for vasectomy requires only one or two tiny openings within the skin which cause less discomfort and infection than the standard vasectomy method.

Men who undergo this procedure should continue to make use of another kind of contraception for 2 to 3 months post implantation, until the body is in a position to eliminate all the sperm that remains inside the system. A sperm check at six and twelve weeks after the procedure will ensure all sperm is stopped and then the device can be relied upon as a type of birth control. Men who have the Pro-Vas clip still produce sperm in the testes, but it is absorbed by the body since it is unable to pass through the vas tubes. The implantation of this device won’t change a man’s sex drive, erections, sperm quality, climax sensation, testes, or scrotum.

“Pro-Vas is the most exciting innovation yet. When men and their doctors understand the simplicity and effectiveness of the device, I think it will completely change the way we think about male birth control. Men today have few contraception options and our culture and advertisers have placed the birth control burden largely on women. Pro-Vas offers an easy, effective alternative. I think it has the potential to change the way men and women look at birth control,” said Bill Dennis, MenRx Surgical’s CEO.

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted approval to Pro-Vas as a vas deferens ligation clip in 2007. Unlike a vasectomy, which is considered permanent even though it can be reversed in some cases, Pro-Vas is easily reversible with a normal vasovasostomy procedure. The average complications present in this procedure are bruising of the scrotum, infection on the puncture within the scrotum, and failure through the physician to place one or both clips correctly.

Patient outlook about this procedure is certain since the results are promising. Its efficiency is more than the standard vasectomy, and most men resume their normal activities in less than one day after the procedure. The various benefits of this PRO-VAS procedure are reduced post procedural pains, decreased potential complication when compared with other methods, reversible with the vasovasostomy procedure, and of course the prevention of unplanned pregnancy. Other temporary birth control methods can be avoided with this unique procedure and a healthy sexual relationship.

Fix Low Water Pressure Now

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Low water pressure in faucets and showers has become a daily routine nowadays. There’s nothing more annoying than spending twice the usual time washing dishes, especially in this fast-paced life where consumers want one-click solution for most of the things. But what’s more interesting is that many households bear with this nuisance for long as they are unaware how to fix this simple plumbing problem; and it might not be feasible for many to hire quality plumbers as the charges would obviously be on the high end.

The majority of do-it-yourself guides for this sort of water pressure issue concentrate on fixing the faucet and internal pipes. However, the approach this article takes is quite different as we seek to find the root of the problem rather than making a temporary fix. First thing you need to do is confirm that yours is the only house affected by this issue. One could ask some people in their neighborhood fr this. If you live in an apartment, it would be better to ask those living on top of you if they are having a similar problem in the same bathroom/kitchen where your problem exists. If someone else shares this problem with you, then you know the problem lies somewhere outside and I would strongly recommend you call find a plumber as this is a matter of the whole neighborhood. Sometimes, it may be outside the control of a plumber as water pressure can be affected on a city-wide scale.

Also go outside and see if the water pressure at the hose bib is satisfactory or not. If you observe that the pressure level there is almost perfect, then you need to locate the problem inside your house. In case you are experiencing slow water flow just on sink faucets, try to open them up a bit and see if the screens have anything clogged inside that may be hindering the flow of water. But if you face the low water pressure problem in all taps, the problem may be located elsewhere. Make sure the shut-off valve is completely open; sometimes, we do open these valves but forget to open them to the full. The system installed near the shut-off valve can vary from one household to another. Regardless of the system you have, simply make sure it is working as it is supposed to work.

One more thing to note is that water lines coming from the municipal supply are larger and have a greater diameter. Lines that go from your house to the main municipal lines have smaller diameters. When water travels through all these lines, it experiences a lot of friction from the walls of the pipes. It can be that a very short pipe installed just from your house to the next line is causing too much friction and slowing the water flow. It can also be that all lines inside your house have a very small diameter, which would automatically lessen the water pressure. And even if something small in size gets trapped inside one of those lines, it’s going to virtually put an end to the water supply. While these would be an expert plumber’s job, you can take note of this if you ever design a house or make a new house. Always take care that you use ¾-inch pipes rather than ½-inch ones. And if you are choosing a new house to shift into, then take care to check the water flow in the lines before you make the decision.

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Source by Scott Rodgers

Shower Drain and strainer wrench

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A wrench that includes a handle and a tool head. The tool head is positionable in a plurality of positions relative to the handle. The wrench is useful in installing and repairing shower drain and sink drains and other similar drain arrangements.

Many households currently include showers. When a shower is installed, the shower drain must be tightened at the bottom of the shower to form a watertight seal. The sealing of the shower drain is typically accomplished by the use of plumber’sputty and/or another sealant that is applied to the rim of the shower drain, and the shower drain is then placed in the existing hole of the shower stall. The body of the shower drain includes male threads. A sealing ring, typically formed of brass,having female threads is then threaded onto the drain body and then tightened against the bottom of the shower so as to form the watertight seal.

The sealing ring typically includes small tabs (usually four or more) that enable the installer to grip the ring so that the sealing ring can be tightened on the body of the drain. The tightening procedure is typically accomplished with a set ofpliers. The base of the shower stall is commonly formed of a wood frame that includes attached fiberglass. The wooden frame often extends out past the drain, thereby interfering with easy access to the sealing ring. As such, the tightening of thesealing ring on the body of the drain to form a watertight seal can be very difficult and time consuming. In addition, the limited and/or obstructed access to the sealing ring can make it difficult to properly tighten the sealing ring on the body of thedrain, thereby potentially resulting in an improper seal being formed.

Strainers are also commonly used with sink and shower drains. These strainers are commonly formed of metal or plastic and commonly include a hexagonal shaped nut that is used to seal the strainer to a sink or shower. These hexagonal nuts aresimilar in size to the sealing rings. Similar problems exist for these hexagonal shaped nut as with the sealing rings when attempting to tighten the hexagonal shaped nut when access to the hexagonal shaped nut is limited and/or obstructed.

In view of the current state of the art of plumbing tools, there is a demand for a wrench that can be used to more easily and conveniently access and tighten a strainer and/or a sealing ring of a drain.

The present invention is generally directed to plumber’s tools, and more particularly to a wrench, and still more particularly to a wrench, and even more particularly to a wrench for use on sink and/or shower stall drains. Although the wrenchwill be particularly described with reference to a sealing ring or strainer wrench for use on sink and/or shower stall drains, it will be appreciated that the wrench has many other plumbing and non-plumbing applications, all of which are encompassed bythe present invention.

The wrench of the present invention is designed to make it more convenient to tighten a stainer and/or sealing ring on the body of a drain. In the housing industry, prefabricated shower stalls are commonly formed of fiberglass and/or other fiberand/or resin materials. These prefabricated shower stalls include a hole in the shower stall bottom that is designed to receive a shower drain.
The shower drain, which is commonly formed of a metal such as brass, has to be tightened in the bottom ofthe shower so as to form a watertight seal. The watertight seal is commonly formed by applying plumber’s putty or some other sealant to the bottom side lip or rim of the shower drain. After the putty or sealant has been applied, the body of the drainis inserted through the hole in the shower stall until the lip or rim of the shower drain engages the bottom of the shower stall. The body of the shower drain is typically threaded so as to receive a sealing ring.

The sealing ring is commonly formed ofa metal material, however, this is not required. The sealing ring is designed to be tightened on the body of the shower drain until a watertight seal is formed between the lip or rim of the shower drain and the bottom of the shower stall. The sealingring commonly includes a plurality of small tabs (e.g., usually four or more) that enable an installer such as a plumber to grip and turn the sealing ring so that the sealing ring can be properly tightened on the body of the shower drain. In onenon-limiting embodiment of the invention, the wrench of the present invention is designed to enable an installer to more easily access and/or tighten the sealing ring and to enable the installer to easily tighten the sealing ring on the body of theshower drain so as to properly form a watertight seal.

Commonly, shower drain have a wooden frame that extends out past the shower drain thereby making it difficult in the past to access and tighten the sealing ring on the body of the drain body. The wrenchof the present invention can be used to at least partially overcomes this past problem In another and/or additional embodiment of the invention, the wrench of the present invention is designed to enable an installer to more easily access and/or tightenthe strainer to enable the installer to easily tighten the strainer in a shower and/or sink so as to properly form a watertight seal.

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Source by Emma

The Real Issue Behind Career Politicians

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Imagine, for a moment, the various problems a consumer can encounter in the marketplace. Some examples can include a courtesy clerk placing a frozen turkey on top of a customer’s bread at the grocery store, a car leaking oil after it has been taken in for an oil change, or the delivery of a pizza 45 minutes late. Continue to imagine (if possible) that they say to themselves, after such problem, any of the following statements:

“Look at my bread! Next time I’m going to have a pro-wrestler help me out with my groceries.”

“45 minutes late? Man! I’ll have the post office deliver it in the future.”

“Can you believe this oil leak? I should have taken my car in to a plumber – these career auto repairmen cause all the problems in the car industry.”

It is hard to imagine any sane person making such ludicrous statements – but the essence of such statements are consistently upheld and supported by the American electorate, as they condemn career politicians for all the misery in the political world.

What is a career politician? In order to properly answer this question, it is first necessary to break it into its two component concepts: “career” and “politician.” A “career” is “an occupation or profession followed as a life’s work” (The Merriam-Webster Dictionary, p. 125; 1997 edition). A “politician” is “a person actively engaged in government or politics.” (Ibid., p. 567)

Taken together, a “career politician” is simply a person who pursues politics as his life’s work, just like a courtesy clerk, automobile repairman, or pizza deliveryman is a person who pursues their careers in the grocery, automobile, and food services industries. The phrase “career politician” is, at worse, ethically neutral; it is a definition of a type of person. At best, it refers to an individual who seeks a value in a certain career field. So by what justification is “career politician” given a bad connotation?

The idea leading to this connotation is the assertion that career politicians promote policies and laws that are beneficial to themselves and for the “special interests” that support them, but not to the “common good.” They do this since it enhances their careers and gets them more fame and money. They are so engrained in the political system that they no longer know what it’s like to be an “everyday” citizen and they are out-of-touch with such people.

The solution offered for this “problem” is to replace all or most politicians with non-politicians (does the name “Joe the Plumber” ring a bell with anyone?), who will work for the “common good,” because they are not a part of the “system” and know the concerns of “everyday” citizens.

Basically, if a car needs to be fixed, get a plumber to do it, because an automobile repairmen will only act in his own interest in fixing your car and a plumber knows what “everyday” automobile drivers go through, since he drives a car, rather than fixes one. Essentially, to fix a problem, a person with little to no knowledge of the fundamentals of the problem is needed.

This idea is the effect of the frustration citizens have with their current state of government, which is completely dysfunctional; but this frustration is completely misdirected towards the concretes that operate in such government (career politicians) rather than the abstract ideas that give birth to such politician’s actions (ideas), similar to the fact that it is not automobile repairmen that cause oil leaks, but rather the ideas that govern their work ethic. This idea about career politicians is a complete offspring of a disintegration of concepts, particularly political ones, of which most citizens lack a serious understanding of.

Take the confession that is made in the statements which assert that political systems corrupt people. The confession is that political systems are corrupt, but anyone except devout intrinsicists know that political systems are not inherently corrupt; it is corrupt ideas that make it capable for systems and people to be corrupted, and only then by the latter’s embrace of the former.

What are the ideas that are causing such corruption? Most critics, from both the left and the right, have correctly identified the result of these corrupt ideas by noticing that government officials vote for policies and laws that dole out favors to other people or organizations, who in turn provide money and their own types of favors to such officials. The problem is that both the left and the right have failed to acknowledge what the cause is, which is collectivism and the abdication of property rights.

Collectivism allows for anyone’s property to be confiscated and given to another, for the “common good.” It entails three parts: a victim, a beneficiary, and a “common good.” What exactly these parts are depends on the current brand of collectivism. Historical examples have included the bourgeois (victim), the party (beneficiary), and the dictatorship of the party (“common good”) under Communism; the serfs (victim), the church/government (beneficiary), and Christian morality (“common good”).

Today’s current brands include the wealthy (victim), the “little people” (beneficiary), and social engineering (“common good”) under Liberalism. Conservatism reverses Liberal’s victim and beneficiary, but the “common good” is, like the Dark Ages, “Christian morality.”

Collectivism, no matter what the brand, breeds corruption in the worst dog-eat-dog fashion. Victims and beneficiaries spend millions of dollars each year on lobbyists and candidates for the purpose of reversing each others roles; to rule or risk being ruled. Some of the more honest people and organizations engage in lobbying just for survival. They have no wish to rule or be ruled, but collectivism gives them no choice, unless they want to become extinct.

This being the fundamental problem, what is the best solution for solving it? Take into consideration what would happen if such ideas were replaced by one that was fundamentally its opposite – say, individualism (protected under a capitalist system), which inherently holds property rights to be sacred.

A lobbyist for some “special interest” could still go into a Congressman’s office and promise him a million dollars for his next campaign, if such Congressman could earmark a billion dollars in subsidies to the lobbyist’s business. The Congressman, at best, could only shrug his shoulders and tell the lobbyist that he is unable to help. The Constitution of the country, which restricts his and Congress’ power, establishes a complete separation of economics and state, thus forbidding Congress from doling out subsidies for any economic endeavor. The Congressman would be unable to pass such a law, because ultimately, assuming it even passed both Houses and was signed by the President, the Supreme Court would overrule it as unconstitutional. The lobbyist’s business, which would lack the resources to bribe a majority of Congress, the Supreme Court, and the President, would have to content itself to trying to win over the affections of consumers through non-coercive means.

The fundamental issue, therefore, is not one of career politicians versus everyday citizens, but of collectivism versus individualism. The tragedy with this issue, in America, is that it is the conservatives, the supposed champions of individual rights, who speak the loudest against career politicians. This is a confession of the conservative movement’s philosophical bankruptcy – they have abdicated abstract ideas in favor of concretes.

Even more ironic is the fact that conservatives keep holding America’s Founding Fathers as the ideal of the type of people we should have in office today. What they fail to mention is that a good number of the Founding Fathers were career politicians. Take the following examples:

  • John Adams: Starting from the time he attended the First Continental Congress to the time he left the White House, was a politician for 27 years.

  • Thomas Jefferson: Starting from the time he first began working in the Virginia legislature until he left the White House, was a politician for 40 years.

  • James Madison: Starting from the time he first began working in the Virginia legislature until the end of his co-chairing the Virginia constitutional convention in 1829, was a politician for 53 years.

What distinguishes the Founding Fathers from today’s politicians, aside from their ideals, is the fact that the former were actual career politicians, in the strictest sense of the term. They were men who treated politics as a science, valued their political ideals, and fought for them passionately throughout the course of their lives. This is befitting all good career men, no matter what career path they take and stems from the same ethics that individualism springs from: egoism.

Most of today’s politicians, on the other hand, are the slime that creep from the same root as collectivism: altruism, the sacrifice of oneself for the sake of others. They do not have any political ideas and they do not care for politics, save only to the extent that it provides them with publicity. Such men are second-hand publicity seekers, who only enter into politics because it is a high-profile career field.

(How is this altruism? A career politician’s value is that of the opinions of others, which he deems to be more important than his own. The more altruistic the politician, the more willing he is to sacrifice his integrity, his principles for their good opinion, which can be gained by having lots of money, influence, etc.)

Collectivism inherently replaces good career politicians with second-handers, who end up passing terrible laws which cause terrible consequences, because they do not treat politics as a science (like a career politician does), but as a vending machine for dispensing favors. The combination of bad ideas and bad men have lead the world to the state it is in and will continue to do so, unless something is fundamentally changed – and that change must come in the form of everyday citizens supporting individual rights and by voting for real career politicians, who are mature and honest enough to pass good laws to such end.

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Source by Timothy A. Raty

Finding a Reliable Plumber in Your Area

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The one thing that you don’t want to have happen is to be faced with a plumbing emergency and be forced to obtain the services of the first plumber you are able to reach. The ideal situation is to be able to take your time and do some research into finding good plumbing services in your area. Here are some guidelines to help you find the type of professional in this particular industry that you can rely on.

The right resources

First task at hand is to find some resources that can lead you to some plumbing companies where you can further check them out. One great resource is the internet. By going online and finding some plumber sites that cater to your area it will give you a great starting point. You can look over their site and see what they have to offer. You should be able to judge from their site as to what kind of services they offer as well as some personal history about the company.

Another great resource is your local directory. There should be some listings there under the plumbing services section that will give you some numbers to call so you can do some further research.

Neighbors and friends in the area may also be of some help to you. It is always nice when you can speak with someone that has had to use this type of professional and get some firsthand feedback from them.

Your community services information center may also have some recommendations for you as well.

Asking the right questions

Once you have got a list of potential professionals in the plumbing industry you should contact them to see what they have to offer as it relates to your current or future needs. It is important to realize that credible plumbers do much more than attend to clogged drains and leaky faucets.

You may want to inquire as to what cost saving recommendations they have, and also check out their pricing for a home plumbing inspection. This is always a great step to take when it comes to the prevention of related emergencies.

You also want to know about their credentials. How long have they been in business? You will no doubt have several other pertinent questions that will come to mind as you are speaking with them.

Good customer service

In general you should find that even though you are not a client of theirs as yet that you are being greeted in a friendly manner, and your questions are being answered to your satisfaction.

Although price is always important when it comes to home services such as this there are many other factors that you need to consider when it comes to finding a reliable plumber in your area. You need to determine what your expectations are, then agree upon using a company that is going to be able to meet your needs.

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Source by Useful resources

Fix Low Water Pressure Now

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Low water pressure in faucets and showers has become a daily routine nowadays. There’s nothing more annoying than spending twice the usual time washing dishes, especially in this fast-paced life where consumers want one-click solution for most of the things. But what’s more interesting is that many households bear with this nuisance for long as they are unaware how to fix this simple plumbing problem; and it might not be feasible for many to hire quality plumbers as the charges would obviously be on the high end.

The majority of do-it-yourself guides for this sort of water pressure issue concentrate on fixing the faucet and internal pipes. However, the approach this article takes is quite different as we seek to find the root of the problem rather than making a temporary fix. First thing you need to do is confirm that yours is the only house affected by this issue. One could ask some people in their neighborhood fr this. If you live in an apartment, it would be better to ask those living on top of you if they are having a similar problem in the same bathroom/kitchen where your problem exists. If someone else shares this problem with you, then you know the problem lies somewhere outside and I would strongly recommend you call find a plumber as this is a matter of the whole neighborhood. Sometimes, it may be outside the control of a plumber as water pressure can be affected on a city-wide scale.

Also go outside and see if the water pressure at the hose bib is satisfactory or not. If you observe that the pressure level there is almost perfect, then you need to locate the problem inside your house. In case you are experiencing slow water flow just on sink faucets, try to open them up a bit and see if the screens have anything clogged inside that may be hindering the flow of water. But if you face the low water pressure problem in all taps, the problem may be located elsewhere. Make sure the shut-off valve is completely open; sometimes, we do open these valves but forget to open them to the full. The system installed near the shut-off valve can vary from one household to another. Regardless of the system you have, simply make sure it is working as it is supposed to work.

One more thing to note is that water lines coming from the municipal supply are larger and have a greater diameter. Lines that go from your house to the main municipal lines have smaller diameters. When water travels through all these lines, it experiences a lot of friction from the walls of the pipes. It can be that a very short pipe installed just from your house to the next line is causing too much friction and slowing the water flow. It can also be that all lines inside your house have a very small diameter, which would automatically lessen the water pressure. And even if something small in size gets trapped inside one of those lines, it’s going to virtually put an end to the water supply. While these would be an expert plumber’s job, you can take note of this if you ever design a house or make a new house. Always take care that you use ¾-inch pipes rather than ½-inch ones. And if you are choosing a new house to shift into, then take care to check the water flow in the lines before you make the decision.

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Source by Scott Rodgers

Plumbing for Your New Restaurant or Bar

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Congratulations! You’re finally taking the plunge and opening the restaurant, bar, or nightclub you’ve always dreamed of. You know everything about food and beverage, front of the house and back, and you know customers will be lined up down the block. The only thing standing between you and your first Michelin star is building out your restaurant. 

You definitely know food but chances are you feel lost when it comes to new construction for a restaurant. Possibly the most important consideration when planning your restaurant improvement or build-out is the plumbing portion of the work. Without the right design and the proper fixtures and flow, you may find yourself knee-deep in something other than orders on opening night.

images?q=tbn:ANd9GcR_kZ2KdASBMJs45euXYRY

Code Requirements for Restaurant Plumbing 

Every municipality has its own unique requirements when it comes to plumbing for an eating establishment or bar. Some subscribe to the Uniform Plumbing Code, others to the International Plumbing Code, and some have their own standards. Heck, kitchen sink plumbing for a restaurant can stump even the most construction-savvy pro, let alone a burgeoning restaurateur. Learning which codes apply to your facility is critical to your restaurant design, but it’s probably not something you have time for learning. That’s where your professional commercial plumber comes in. Plumbing contractors are licensed and bonded, with an extensive knowledge of the codes that apply to your location. 

Restaurant Plumbing Fixtures

Kitchen faucets, bathroom fixtures, hand sinks, dishwashers, and grease traps are just a few of the plumbing features needed in a restaurant. Your kitchen will likely require a three-compartment sink, prep sink, and a dedicated hand-washing sink at a minimum. You may be tempted to select cheap plumbing fixtures to help the bottom line, but running a restaurant, whether it’s a fast food spot or you’re planning to break into the 5-star world of fine dining, is hard on plumbing with all the food preparation and clean up. You need quality plumbing materials, fixtures and expert plumbing installation to handle all your success!  

Planning Your New Restaurant’s Plumbing Systems

With careful planning and purchasing, the plumbing system for your new restaurant will be cost effective, code-compliant, and will function properly with regular maintenance. A commercial plumbing contractor familiar with local codes with proven experience working on restaurants is just what you need. Your plumbing contractor can provide and install everything related to your water lines, faucets and fixtures, gas lines, sewer or septic systems, and more. 

Look for a plumbing subcontractor that specializes in new construction or remodels for food service. A licensed plumbing contractor will consult with you to identify your needs and budget, and work closely with your general contractor to ensure a seamless design and timely installation. Let them handle all the details and then all you have to worry about is what you do best… provide great food and service for your customers.

Photo Credit

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Source by Jillynn

Walt Disney World Holiday Vacations

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seamless gutters orlando We are the best Gutter repair / installation team in the Orlando area, and this article is presented by us. Hope to work with you soon! Give us a call today about gutters and you won’t be disapointed!

One of the most spectacular holiday gifts you could give your family is a vacation at Walt Disney World. This magical place, adored by kids of all ages, brings families together in a way that creates lifelong memories. What better time to bring out that special sparkle in your children’s eyes than during the holidays?

Now that the 2008 holiday season is officially underway, each of the Walt Disney World theme parks has begun a stunning celebration that will delight each and every member of your family in true Disney fashion. You won’t want to miss a thing, so get out your calendar and create a plan of action before you travel!

The Magic Kingdom, the original and most beloved of the Disney parks, is hosting Mickey’s Very Merry Christmas Party. Throughout the year, the majesty of Cinderella’s Castle is an awesome sight at night, but during this celebration the 200,000 lights that transform this Disney World icon into a glistening ice castle will dazzle you. The customary fireworks over the castle are enhanced with holiday music, bringing tidings of great joy to all.

Of course, holiday parades, shows, and characters are a part of the Magic Kingdom party. There are even snowflakes, complimentary cookies, and hot cocoa for guests!

Mickey’s Very Merry Christmas Party is going on from 7:00PM until midnight, on select nights only during November and December. The 2008 dates include November 10, 11, 14, 16, 20, 21, and 30, and December 2, 4, 5, 7, 9, 11, 12, 14, 16, 18, and 19.

From November 28, 2008 through January 4, 2009 Hollywood Studios at Walt Disney World presents The Osborne Family Spectacle of Dancing Lights. This is a nightly extravaganza like nothing you’ve ever seen. Disney’s Main Street America comes alive, as its buildings, strung with millions of holiday lights, seem to dance to holiday classics. The sheer beauty of the lights is impossible to describe and the music synchronization is fascinating! The show begins at dusk, and is repeated every 10 minutes.

Your vacation won’t be complete without experiencing the Holidays Around the World event at Epcot. This is a nightly event that is being featured from November 28, 2008 through December 30, 2008. Prepare to be awed by the Candlelight Processional, an exhilarating reading of the Christmas Story set against an amazing orchestra and angelic choir. You can catch this inspiring storytelling every evening at 5:00, 6:45, and 8:15.

While at Epcot you’ll want to relish the season with an international flair. Holiday storytellers will be featured throughout the season, offering heartwarming stories from around the world.

Make sure you stick around for Epcot’s Illuminations Reflections on earth. This incredible fireworks spectacular, complete with lights, lasers, and water fountains, is set to a holiday theme. The ultimate holiday message is delivered through the grand finale which features the song Let There Be Peace On Earth, followed by a touching holiday message from Walter Cronkite.

From November 28, 2008 through January 4, 2009, Animal Kingdom at Walt Disney World becomes a holiday playground. Festive music, holiday decorations, and Disney characters decked out in seasonal costumes will fascinate and delight all who visit. Mickey’s Jingle Jungle Parade is a must see!

In order to make the most of your time and money, be sure to research the various Walt Disney World ticket options available.

If you’ll be visiting the parks for 4 or more days you’ll most likely benefit from purchasing Magic Your Way tickets. These are base tickets that can be customized to add options such as water park entry, no expiration date, and park hopper.

My advice is to carefully consider the cost of these options and to realistically weigh their value.

While the water parks offer an incredible experience, this option can add significantly to your total cost. You’ll want to keep a few things in mind, such as the possibility that it may not be hot enough during this season to spend a day at a water park, and that each of the 4 theme parks can easily fill more than 1 entire day.

If you plan your vacation well, you should be able to determine the total number of days that you’ll want to spend in the parks. This will alleviate the need and extra cost of the no expiration option.

As far as the park hopper option goes, my advice is to pass on this as well, unless you only have a couple of days to spend and want to see all of the parks. The base ticket will enable you to visit any 1 of the 4 theme parks each day, and you will easily fill an entire day in any of them. In my opinion, park hopping is a time consuming and unnecessary option.

With all that Walt Disney World has to offer, your family will have the adventure of a lifetime. I wish you and yours a very merry holiday season and a healthy, happy new year!

Why Is It So Hard To Find A Good Plumber/Electrician?

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Finding a good plumber or electrician is a difficult task for home owners.

One, plumbers and electricians possess, or pretend to possess, a skill most of us lack. After all, if we knew how to fix a broken pipe or wire the unfinished bonus room we wouldn’t need a good plumber or an electrician in first place.

Our ignorance not only makes us desperate for their services it also makes us vulnerable to their scams, cons, and thievery—not to mention their plain old shoddy work. To make matters worse, it’s usually an emergency that forces us to call a plumber or an electrician. In our panic for their help, we tend to let our guard down which makes us even more susceptible to their tricks and dirty tactics.

Furthermore, due to the nature of the business, it’s hard to prosecute a bad plumber or electrician. If you’re lucky enough to find them after they’ve swindled you out of your money, the plumber or electrician can usually claim—and do so well within the law—that they did everything you asked them to do; it’s their word against yours. In many cases the home owner is left with no recourse while the plumber or electrician moves onto their next victim.

REFERRAL MADNESS
Finding a good plumber or electrician is difficult but not impossible. You probably already know the first step of process: find a plumber or electrician via word of mouth. Newspapers, phone books, and Web sites can be nothing but lies and exaggerations, but referrals, well, they tell a much more accurate story. Still, they are far from foolproof.

That’s why in order to find yourself a competent plumber or electrician you’re going to have to do more than just get a sound referral from a friend or colleague. You’re going to have to do six other things as well. Those six things are: research, put everything in writing, grow a backbone, be prepared, watch them work, and be careful with your money.

THE RESEARCH IS ON
Once you get a referral from a friend or trusted colleague it’s time to go to work. First and foremost you need proof that the prospective plumber or electrician has insurance, both worker’s compensation and general liability. Don’t just take their word for it, call the insurance company and get a Certificate of Insurance. Getting that certificate is the most important thing you can do in your quest to acquire a good plumber or electrician.

Next, you’re going to want at least a half dozen references and you’re going to call them all. You will also want to know all the professional associations they belong too. Next, take some time to do some internet research. Google the plumber or the electrician’s name to see what you can find. You’ve probably spent hours on the internet researching that $50 MP3 player you use on the treadmill. So why not do the same thorough research on the plumbers and electricians that will be working on your home?

FIRST CONTRACT
Once you’ve finished your homework and selected a plumber or electrician, make sure you both sign a detailed contract. The document should not only outline exactly what you want done but it should also contain ground rules for working in your home (whether or not they can listen to the radio, whether or not they can use your bathroom, stuff like that). Obviously, you’ll have to be flexible if it’s an emergency, but you should still have something in writing.

If the plumber or electrician balks at the idea, or tries to talk you out of signing a contract, then they have done you a big favor. They have just taken themselves out of the running to be your plumber or electrician. Professionals will gladly sign a detailed contract because they know it benefits you just as much as it benefits them.

HANGING TOUGH
You can’t tell it from watching the evening news and seeing the countless horror stories about man’s inhumanity towards man, but most people in the world want to avoid conflict. That’s great when everyone wants to sing “Kumbaya,” but not so great when a plumber or electrician is trying to cheat you out of your hard earned money.

In an effort to gain your business, receive an early payout, or all-together get out of doing the job, some disreputable plumbers and electricians will try to tug on your heart strings. If that doesn’t work some will turn to threats. If they tell you they have a sick child in the hospital or they need their truck repaired don’t believe them. No professional would be that forthcoming with their life’s story. If they make any sort of threat to you or your home, you need to call the cops immediately. If you eventually take the crooks to court you’ll want to show the judge that police report of how they threatened you.

You don’t have to be rude or impolite to a plumber or an electrician, you just have to be tough if they try to pull one over on your. Being tough also helps when it comes to getting exactly what you want. In addition to avoiding conflict we also like to avoid hurting people’s feelings. However, when it comes to plumbing and electrical work feelings be damned. Plumbers and electricians aren’t in business to receive compliments and the warm fuzzies.

OPERATION PREPARATION
Quite often we need a plumber or an electrician because of an emergency. That doesn’t negate the tips we have previous laid out for you, but it does mean you need to be prepared. Have a plumber and an electrician already picked out and ready to call for when something bad (God forbid) does happens. Waiting until a crisis and then hastily selecting a plumber or an electrician is going to increase your chances of getting ripped off and/or getting sloppy work.

WATCH, LOOK, LISTEN
Sure you’re not a plumber or an electrician, but that doesn’t mean you can’t keep an eye on what’s going on. I’m not recommending that you hover over their shoulders but keep tabs on their work, ask questions, and if applicable, take pictures at various stages of the job. Remember that no one, not even the most professional plumber or electrician, cares as much about your house as you do.

IT’S ALL ABOUT THE BENJAMINS
Finally, you have to understand the golden rule when it comes to not only hiring a plumber or an electrician, but anyone that works on your home, and that is money controls the job. You’re going to have to pay them at some point, and you may even have to pay some of the money up front, but once you give them all the money you lose all control. Keep this is mind even when dealing with the most venerated plumbers and electricians. Pay in full only when the job is complete and to your satisfaction.

CONCLUSION
If you think I’m trying to turn you into a suspicious, untrusting, paranoid miser I do apologize. That is not my intent. However, we live in a world with unscrupulous people. It would be nice to take strangers at their word, just like it would be nice to leave our cars unlocked at night, but unfortunately we don’t have that luxury. Yes, hiring a good plumber or electrician is difficult and time consuming, but considering they will be working on your biggest investment, your home, a little distrust and paranoia is probably a good thing.

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Source by brynn

7 Tips on Prospecting for Gold With a Metal Detector

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My most pleasant and relaxing pastime is to roam through the Victorian Iron Bark Forests, just as the sun rises, swinging a Metal Detector. At that time of the day the wallabies are just a couple of metres away, standing and watching you as you move so slowly and quietly along.

Ah, beautiful! Then ‘buzzzip’ in your headphone wakes you. Now I’ve got to dig this target up, but later.

The First thing you are going to need is a Metal Detector

  1. Minelab Detectors are the best to use in Australian Goldfields. Heavy with Iron Stone, the ground reacts noisily with other brands, but Minelabs have the ability to tune the effect out. Detectors can be hired (with tools) from businesses in towns close to the old Goldfields, or if you buy one, you’ll pay $4000 or so for a used one. You’d find that the business would give you coaching even if you hired one for a few days, and that way you would have access to the very latest model.
  2. These detectors need to be moving over a metal target to generate a signal, and the sound that you hear can give you a fairly good indication as to the type of metal target. Lead bullets are very common, and do give a warmer signal (buzzzzim) than Brass (buzzzzitt), while Gold gives a very mellow (buzzzoom), which once heard, you’ll never forget.
  3. Where do you go? This is the most asked question, and the answer that I always give, is to start out at one of the old Goldfields. If you’re camping or caravanning you can camp close to the old workings, and then you could pick a Goldfield a bit further from town.
  4. You do need a hand held GPS unit and some maps for your search area and these would be available from the same place you got your detector. Where the visibility is limited by bush, always take a GPS reading where you’ve parked your vehicle, turn the GPS off to save the battery, and away you go to find your first Nugget.
  5. Where do you start searching? Don’t waste time going over the old diggings, but search for a few metres around the perimeter, especially in any low lying spots, or a small gutter running into the area. My biggest Nugget of over 2 Troy Ounces was found in just such a place, that had been really flogged by Metal Detectors.
  6. While you are doing this search, you also keep an eye on the surrounding country, noting Gullys that come in, Ridges, Slopes that are fairly gentle, spotting any Quartz Blows, so that when you get back to camp and are slurping down a Cold One, you can check your maps, and just try to work out where the Gold in the old workings came from, then tomorrow you follow that trail back to what you reckon was the original source.
  7. Now we’re going to dig that target up. Get a general idea where the signal is loudest, then sweep the detector coil across that spot in parallel tracks noting the loudest track. Mark that line with your pick, then stand at one end of that line, and do the parallel sweeps again. Where the two loudest sweeps cross is where your target will be. Start a hole about 12 inches across, digging from the outside, you don’t want to put your pick through the Nugget. If you get down to 8 or 9 inches and the target is still in the hole, there is a good chance it’s Gold.

Don’t worry about being a Newbie, I know one who hired a detector from Coiltek in Maryborough, Victoria, in the morning, went out with it, had trouble, took it back to Coiltek for another lesson, went back to his Goldfield and found a 4.5 ouncer.

The thrill you get when you’ve dug up even a 1 gram piece of Gold is fantastic, and your first thought is to rush back to show it off, but Steady On, there could be another lurking close by, and quite often there is.

Essential Qualifications of Efficient Plumber

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Plumbers are contributing great service to the society as their job involves improving public health by taking care of clean water, heating systems and sanitation. Due to this the plumbers are of great demand and if the plumbers have the right training and skills there are lot of career prospects in the fast growing economy. If they qualified with required certification and licence they can move into air-conditioning ventilation, heating, refrigeration and electrical industries. The well talented technicians can enter into management, design consultancy and teaching.

The Association of Plumbing and Heating Contractors has stated that there has been a rise in the number of people calling plumbers without any qualifications. In addition they also states that this increased fragmentation is damaging the plumbing and heating sector and it cannot tolerate the less qualified and individuals calling themselves plumber. A fully qualified should have completed the City & Guilds NVQ6129 level 2 and 3 which is heart of plumbing qualifications. So if you are trained and qualified according to the required law and legislation you will get high returns in the job. Plumbing will be a different job and you can get into contact different type of people every day.

Plumbing involves work connected with water supply, pipe work including that is used in case of fire fighting, all kinds of heating systems, sanitary appliances, installation of various kinds of gas appliances, and discharge of drainage and pipe work. Plumbing involves wide variety of duties and likely to cross wide range of conditions. Some plumbers work as wet only plumbers and deal with piped systems of water like shower, bathroom and radiator installation. Most of them undergo extra plumbing courses so that they can enter into the gas trade which enable them to install a gas central heating system also. One of the necessary qualifications is to get lawfully registered with the Council of Registered Gas Installers (CORGI) after passing the Approved Certification Scheme).

Plumber should have the capability and enterprise to solve problems, should have urge to find out more about any advancement in plumbing technology, and also should possess professionalism and honesty which is the most important qualification of plumbing. Plumbing school requires their applicants to have a GCSE grade A-C level in Maths and science or equivalent to make sure that they have the ability to understand and follow the plumbing course.

Plumbing is a physical job and simply passing all the plumbing courses are not enough to move further into the job. You have to ready to get your hands dirty, and you should able to use different kinds of equipment and tools in such a way which is effective but safe. Professional plumbers who will take you along with them will help you to gain experience and they will allow you to make a mistake only once and never again.

If you have the full plumbing qualification along with good quality experience then the plumbing job serves you as the most privileged job after years of hard work, which results in high returns.

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Source by vish ks

Plumbing Advice To Make Your Home Eco-Friendly!

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Below, are some excellent ways to make your own home more environmentally friendly. This is a short list is not everything you can do, but will give you a good start. 

  • Getting a plumber to install a low-flow toilet can result in 30% less litres of water used per flush. Taking into account that toilets represent about 30% of your household water consumption (a shower or bath uses the most water), this is significant water conservation method.
  • Getting a plumber to install a low-flow showerhead can result in 50% less litres of water used per shower. On average, a five-minute shower with a regular showerhead will use approximately 100 litres of water. A five-minute shower with a low-flow shower head will use approximately 35 litres of water. A good quality low-flow showerhead will feel the exact same as your regular shower head. Save water, save the environment and save money at the same time by installing a low-flow showerhead.
  • A semi filled bath saves more water than a quick shower. A typical bath usually takes approximately 150 litres of water. A shower uses about 12-20 litres of water per minute. Doing the maths, that means that if you’re going to take a shower for roughly 10 minutes or more, it’s more economical and you’ll save more water if you take a semi filled short bath.
  • A leaky faucet can waste around 75 litres of water per day.  Keep an eye out for leaks and have them fixed as soon as you become aware of them. Loosing 75 litres of water a day is equivalent to a half filled bath from above, what a waste!
  • A non-stop running toilet can waste up to 750 litres of water per day! That’s a lot of water going down the drain for nothing. 
  • You should consider purchasing a tankless water heater. A tankless water heater in some cases can save you up to 40% on energy for hot water thus helping the environment and your back pocket!
  • Keep an eye out for hidden plumbing leaks in your water system. Plumbing outside of the home often goes undetected unless you look for them. Approximately, up to 30% of water entering the supply-line systems can be lost to leaking pipes. Make sure you call your local plumber to have this fixed urgently. 
  • When rinsing and cleaning fruits and vegetables, do not use running water. Instead, it is suggested that you fill a small bowl with water to rinse the fruit and vegetables. 
  • Turn off the water when you are brushing your teeth, and only use short bursts to rinse out your mouth.
  • Clean foot paths and driveway next to your home with a broom and not a garden hose.
  • A great method to check if you have leaks in your water system is to turn off all taps in your house. Then, proceed the water meter for your home and see if it is still running. If its still ticking over, you have a water leak somewhere.

 If you are having further issues, get in touch with a great plumber from Melbourne 24 Hour PlumbingMr Plumber Sydney or Mr Plumber Perth

 

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Source by Greg

Your Plumbing and Heating Winter Preparation Guide

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With the days getting shorter and the mercury falling sharply downwards, the signs are that winter is fast approaching. But before the full force of winter is felt, it is strongly advised that homeowners throughout the country use the autumn months to make sure that everything in the home is fully prepared for the winter months, with the central heating and gas systems high on the list of priorities.

But what should be checked by a qualified London plumbing and heating engineer before it’s too late?

Central Heating System

The worst thing that could happen is you experience a breakdown or fault with your central heating system just when you need it most. In order to prevent this from happening it is advised you get your whole system checked and serviced once a year. The best time for this service is just before winter, as the system has most probably been used sparingly during the summer and may have become faulty without you even realising.

A Gas Safe registered London central heating engineer should be contacted to provide a safe and reliable check on your whole system.

Outside Drains

The last thing you will want to do is stand outside in December facing the prospect of a drain that is not only blocked but also frozen over. It is best to check all outside drains before the onset of winter so any problems can be fixed quickly without the inevitable fuss and panic. A 24 hour London plumber will have no trouble checking or unblocking drains for you, so make good use of their services sooner rather than later.

These are just two of the many initiatives that can be undertaken so as to enjoy a warm and happy winter!

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Source by Ivor Bates

5 Things To Do in Red River If You're Not Into Sports

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Mountain vacations draw many types of vacationers from naturalists to sports enthusiasts of all kinds. Most mountain destinations are known for skiing, snow boarding, x-games, and more. However, not everyone chooses a mountain vacation destination for the purposes of playing sports. Some simply enjoy the fresh air, nature, panoramic vistas, and peace and quiet while others want to mingle with locals and enjoy fine dining and night life. There are plenty of activities to engage in either way. Here are 5 things to do in Red River New Mexico if you're not into sports.

1. Shopping

If you are someone who enjoys shopping but is tired of going to the same old chain stores that offer the very same items you can buy anywhere else, then you will love shopping in this mountain destination. There are stores for art, books, candy and confections, and even places to purchase great cards and stationary. For some more popular stores look at Calamity Jane's and The Candy Crate.

2. Special events

Participating in events is a great way to enjoy yourself while engaging with the community you are visiting. Some popular events are the Enchanted Circle Century Bike Tour which is a 100-mile bike ride taking riders around the Enchanted Circle, a difficult track that circles through other small towns before returning. If you're not much of a biker either but prefer to mingle, Oktoberfest at Bradenburg park hosts many micro-breweries for a fun German themed festival filled with beer and activities.

3. Dining

Enjoy the simple pleasures in life and try some delicious food during your mountain vacation. From Pizzerias to Texas themed steakhouses, this town has everything you could ask for. Tourists especially love Shotgun Willie's for quick and delicious American food as well as Texas Red's Steakhouse and Saloon, for a taste of how the Texan neighbors like to dine.

4. Nightlife

Whatever you want to dance, see live music, have a few night caps before bed or do all three, there is a place for you. Locals tend to go to Bull O 'The Woods Saloon to throw some back, or head back to Texas Red's steakhouse in the evening for some live music and dancing.

5. Staying in

Who says you need to go out anyways? One of the best parts about a vacation is the rest and relaxation that comes from comfortable lodging and a good book or tv show. Choose a great vacation rental and stay home for a few nights enjoying the peace and quiet and re-charging your batteries. Bring a good book or rent some movies you've been meaning to watch and get thought up on your entertainment to-do lists.

With so many activities to engage in, you do not have to enjoy sports to visit a mountain town.

Plumbing Problems You Can Fix yourself

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Problems with sinks, drains, faucets, and other parts of the household plumbing circuits are a major cause of household repair bills. So, let’s start with that persistent “drip, drip, drip” from a leaky faucet. Most faucet leaks are caused by a worn-out washer (rubber or synthetic ring inside the faucet), or o-rings and corroded valve seats. Besides the irritation, a worn-out washer is a source of wasted water and higher water bills. What to do?

First, you must find a way to shut off the water flow to the sink. Usually there is a valve underneath the sink that will do this. If not, there is a main water valve into the house, and temporarily you can shut the whole water supply off.

Then remove the screw that holds the faucet handle in place and lift it off. Underneath this is a “bonnet” or cap nut on which you will have to use a wrench to remove it. (Wrap a cloth or tape around chrome fittings to prevent damage from wrenches.) Now you can lift out the “spindle” (shaft going down into the faucet). Looking at the end of the spindle, you will see a rubber or fiber washer held in place by a screw. Remove this washer and replace it with a new one. They are cheap at hardware stores; it is best to buy them several at a time and have them in the house.

After putting it back together, what if it still drips? Go to a hardware store and get what is called a valve-seat cutter or seating tool can also be used to resurface a worn seat. Again remove the spindle. Looking into the body of the valve—at the bottom—you will see its base or “seat.” Using the directions you get with the seating tool, grind away the nicks in the “seat” so that it is smooth. Those nicks let water through, causing the drip. Now that the washer and seat can fit tight against each other, your problem should be solved.

To repair some single-lever faucets, you will probably need to purchase a repair kit for that particular brand.

Another frequent plumbing problem is clogged drains or a clogged toilet. These are caused by hair, animal fat from food, bits of vegetable peel, combs, bobby pins, and so forth. Frequently you are very near the problem, for the clogging is usually in the “trap,” the curved portion of the pipe below the sink, or in the body of the toilet itself.

There are many chemicals marketed to unclog drains, and some persons feel that the convenience of using them makes them worth while. However, many contain concentrated caustic dangerous to the skin. Most authorities feel that, in the long run, mechanical means of unclogging are better for you and for your pipes. They advise you first to try your “plumber’s friend”—the rubber plunger. Simply put it over the drain, covering the plunger with water for best results. (Also close the overflow vent in the sink if it has one.) Work the tool vigorously and deliberately. Give it about ten strokes, then allow the water to run off. Try this approach several times.

If this does not unclog the drain, you will have to resort to using a “snake” or drain auger. This is simply a long, flexible, twisted steel wire. Push the steel in as far as it will go, and usually with a little persistence you can unblock the drain or toilet.

If this doesn`t work then you`ll probably need to resort to the use of chemicals in some form.

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Source by Geoff Cummings

Your Plumbing and Heating Winter Preparation Guide

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With the days getting shorter and the mercury falling sharply downwards, the signs are that winter is fast approaching. But before the full force of winter is felt, it is strongly advised that homeowners throughout the country use the autumn months to make sure that everything in the home is fully prepared for the winter months, with the central heating and gas systems high on the list of priorities.

But what should be checked by a qualified London plumbing and heating engineer before it’s too late?

Central Heating System

The worst thing that could happen is you experience a breakdown or fault with your central heating system just when you need it most. In order to prevent this from happening it is advised you get your whole system checked and serviced once a year. The best time for this service is just before winter, as the system has most probably been used sparingly during the summer and may have become faulty without you even realising.

A Gas Safe registered London central heating engineer should be contacted to provide a safe and reliable check on your whole system.

Outside Drains

The last thing you will want to do is stand outside in December facing the prospect of a drain that is not only blocked but also frozen over. It is best to check all outside drains before the onset of winter so any problems can be fixed quickly without the inevitable fuss and panic. A 24 hour London plumber will have no trouble checking or unblocking drains for you, so make good use of their services sooner rather than later.

These are just two of the many initiatives that can be undertaken so as to enjoy a warm and happy winter!

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Source by Ivor Bates

Advantages of Modern Plumbing Practices

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Modern Plumbing is the plumbing technology or method which provides a reliable and guaranteed plumbing service through the use of advanced plumbing techniques. The plumbing industries are always trying to present modern plumb solutions and advanced type of facilities to the customers through a professional yet good plumbing technology. From watering system to sewage systems the plumbing industry gained more popular now a day. Many of the people they first go for a perfect watering system in their home whether they are going to construct a new home or if they are shifting from one place to another. The reason why is plumbing gained popular among all other industries is that water is the necessary thing that all the people need to survive do them will first take attention in planting a proper plumbing system to make the flow of water to home or offices in an abrupt way.

Some of the largest plumbing industries are providing both residential and commercial plumbing techniques to the customers that are really practical in the modern plumbing techniques. As new technologies are evolving or coming the cleanliness and efficiency of plumbing and drainage system will become more efficient and clean than ever before. The first step of every remodeling project is plumbing. Being this fact the benefit of adopting modern technologies in plumbing is considerable that even when there is a problem with the underground pipes like remove the block or unclog a pipe it is difficult to repair the underground pipes. So if there follows modern techniques of plumbing one can easily uncover the problem.

Modern Plumbing offers a wide range of plumbing fixtures and accessories like pipes, fittings, tanks etc from the low to the very high end which wills suits the customer to get at a reliable price and style. The main areas of plumbing techniques are the installation and maintenance of pipelines including the water heater installation, water reservoirs, sewage system installation, preventing leakage in pipelines, drain cleaning, home plumbing, bathroom remodeling, replacement of kitchen and bathroom pipelines etc. Also the modern techniques in plumbing industries has the main objective to save energy by following energy efficient methods to supply hot and cold water, solar energy conservation by installing a centralized water heating system and the use efficient methods to save water.

But now a day most of the pipelines and other plumbing fixtures are located in the underground that it seems this system is a good way for sewage drains and cesspools. When using underground pipelines to collect and carry away wastes to a long distant place it need the service of a professional or expert plumber. An expert plumber has good idea about using modern techniques and tools to install a sewage plumbing system. From flushing toilet to a single water tap there is great influence of these advanced plumbing techniques and modern plumbing tools. It is an important thing that the installation of a dishwasher in every modern kitchen with using the modern techniques of plumbing works.

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Source by vish ks

Presentation Skills – Jay Leno Does It, Do you?

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The following happened when I was in Orlando a few days ago. It bugged me so much I had to write about it.

So there I was, along with Dave, standing in the front of an almost empty meeting room. Dave had heard me speak to a group of administrative accountants in Boston. It went over so well, he invited me to present to a group of 425 college accounting students. He knew my abilities and trusted my judgment.

So there we were, along with the AV guys, setting up the room for my motivational speech, "Want to be Good, Great, or a Champion?" I asked Dave how many students he expected? He told me "at best" 425, but we both surmised that the room had been set up for many more.

Now, it's a fact that people do not like to sit in the front rows. It is human nature for people to want to be comfortable. We tend to spread out, so that we are not too close to others if we do not have to be. That's why most people prefer to cluster in the back, leaving rows and rows of empty seats up front.

This is not fun for the presenter. Speaking is intimate; A speaker looks to connect with the audience. And rows of empty chairs become an invisible barrier, one that literally and emotionally creates distance between a speaker and the audience.

Did you know that when Jay Leno took over the Tonight Show he added rows of chairs and extended Johnny Carson's stage to allow him to get closer to the audience? Like Jay, it is our responsibility to do whatever we can connect with the audience.

Dave had given many presentations himself. So he understood the problem immediately. He and I agreed that we should either remove some chairs or tape off the back rows, forcing people to fill in the front first.

The event planner for the organization came into the room just then. We asked her if she could take care of doing just that. She replied, "We'll just have the room monitors at the doors ask everyone to sit up front." She then ran off to handle another issue.

Dave and I look at each other in shock. "WHAT? They'll never listen. It does not work that way!" Granted, she was trying to be helpful and thought she had solved the problem. And yes, she had about a million things to attend to. But the fact was, she just did not get it. She never had to give a presentation before. She did not understand the effect a row of empty chairs had on the speaker.

At almost every conference I've spoken, I've noticed that they put out way to many chairs: "Just in case." Just in case what? In case people walk in off the street to go to an accounting conference? Not very kindly.

If you have a track record of 100 attendees, even with better promotion, you still have a good idea as to how many people are registered, and how many people might register at the door. So be reasonable. It looks better when tables and chairs have to be added-much better than having lots of empty seats.

In her defense, this was only the second conference so there was not as much of a track record. Yet, I still believe it is better to put out fewer chairs than you need. It lends an air of "excitation" when you need to set out more. Too many empty chairs give the perception of "low turn out" or "this meeting can not be that good."

In the end, it turned out not too bad in Orlando. As people came in last minute, they did not go to the front. There were five rows on the left side of the room that only had 1 person. It could have been much worse.

Event planners: Yes, it is easier to have all the chairs set out ahead of time. But are you going for easier, or a better event? Speakers will do better when the setting is optimal. Attendees will have a more fruitful experience.

Speakers: It is our job to create the best atmosphere, to generate the best connection with the audience. Sometimes we may have to gently educate the event planners. If they are not opened to it, keep in mind that speakers are just one part of their event. Whether we are a big part or not, we must not let our egos ruin our reputations. They are the ones paying you. Do everything you can to optimize the setting for your speech.

Be like Jay: Take responsibility and make the room the best setting for you. If NBC had said "No," do you think Jay would have thrown a hissy fit? Do the best you can with what you have.

Top Plumbing Tips to Prevent Frozen Pipes

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Burst pipes can be a disaster. And you won’t just need a plumber, either.  While the plumber will replace the pipe—and should ensure it doesn’t happen again—even a small crack can release hundreds of gallons of water into your home each day, destroying possessions, causing structural damage and creating the kinds of conditions that dangerous molds love.

First a little physics: Why do pipes burst?

Water expands when it freezes. Think of ice cubes—when you first put the tray in the freezer, the water is neatly contained in its little compartments. If the tray is filled a little too full, however, when you go to add a cube to your drink, you’ll find they’re all frozen together. At some point the water in each compartment expanded, overflowed and fused with its buddy in the next compartment over.

The same principle is at work when pipes burst.

Interestingly, though, it’s not usually the outward pressure of expanding water on the pipe walls that causes the pipe to burst. Here’s why. When a pipe is completely blocked by ice, water gets trapped between the ice dam at one end and the closed faucet at the other. As water expands further down the pipe and freezes, pressure builds up between the blockage and the tap…and the pipe will burst at its weakest point.

Think prevention: Winterize your plumbing

They say an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure…and in the case of burst and frozen pipes, a little prevention will save you whack of cash and some huge headaches, too.

Here are four tips worth taking as winter gets closer.

1. Wrap up to stay warm. Check that any pipes close to the exterior walls or floors in a basement or crawlspace are properly insulated. Insulation value increases with the thickness of insulation you use, so don’t be afraid to wrap to the max. Not sure if you’ve got enough insulation? Call a plumber to do a quick assessment.

2. Keep the heat in…and the cold out. Seal up any air leaks near your interior pipes to make sure they aren’t being exposed to freezing outdoor air. Cover any nearby outside vents that could let cold air. Don’t forget to check that there aren’t any gaps or cracks where the pipes enter your house, too.

3. Turn off the taps. Outdoor water taps are a recipe for pipe disaster if the pipe running between the tap and the interior pipe freezes and bursts. Turn off the exterior water source…and don’t forget to turn on the taps to drain all remaining water.

4. Keep the heat on. If your furnace quits, your basement pipes won’t stay warm for long. Invest in a little proactive heating maintenance to keep your water flowing well all winter. Even if your furnace is functioning properly, if your thermostat is turned down too low or you’ve closed all the vents in your basement, it may not be warm enough to keep pipes from freezing.

Plumber’s wisdom: How to fix a frozen pipe

Sometimes our best efforts at prevention aren’t successful. Or an early cold snap catches us unawares. If you turn on your tap and nothing comes out—and this is problem your neighbours aren’t also experiencing—here’s what you should do.

1. Stay calm. Just because your pipe is frozen doesn’t mean it has—or will—burst.  

2. Turn off your main water valve. This is absolutely necessary if you know your water pipe has burst, as it’s the only way to stop the flow of good ol’ H2O. But it’s a good precaution if your pipe is frozen, just in case there’s a small crack you’re unaware of because the water is frozen.

3. Try to locate the frozen section. This will be a part of the pipe that is noticeably colder than the rest…and there may be more than one if you have multiple blockages.

4. Turn on the cold water tap closest to the frozen section of pipe. This will let the water escape safely down the drain when it melts.

5. Warm the pipe. A hairdryer is best—unless the pipe has burst and there’s been a flood, in which case you should never operate electrical devices in the area.  Start near the closest tap and work your way towards the frozen sections. Never use an open flame to thaw a pipe—it’s a fire hazard and could harm your pipes.

6. Inspect the pipe for cracks. You’ll want to know you won’t cause a flood when you turn your main water valve back on.

7. Fix the problem. Call in a reputable professional plumber to assess the situation and make recommendations.

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Source by Plumbway

Advantages of Modern Plumbing Practices

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Modern Plumbing is the plumbing technology or method which provides a reliable and guaranteed plumbing service through the use of advanced plumbing techniques. The plumbing industries are always trying to present modern plumb solutions and advanced type of facilities to the customers through a professional yet good plumbing technology. From watering system to sewage systems the plumbing industry gained more popular now a day. Many of the people they first go for a perfect watering system in their home whether they are going to construct a new home or if they are shifting from one place to another. The reason why is plumbing gained popular among all other industries is that water is the necessary thing that all the people need to survive do them will first take attention in planting a proper plumbing system to make the flow of water to home or offices in an abrupt way.

Some of the largest plumbing industries are providing both residential and commercial plumbing techniques to the customers that are really practical in the modern plumbing techniques. As new technologies are evolving or coming the cleanliness and efficiency of plumbing and drainage system will become more efficient and clean than ever before. The first step of every remodeling project is plumbing. Being this fact the benefit of adopting modern technologies in plumbing is considerable that even when there is a problem with the underground pipes like remove the block or unclog a pipe it is difficult to repair the underground pipes. So if there follows modern techniques of plumbing one can easily uncover the problem.

Modern Plumbing offers a wide range of plumbing fixtures and accessories like pipes, fittings, tanks etc from the low to the very high end which wills suits the customer to get at a reliable price and style. The main areas of plumbing techniques are the installation and maintenance of pipelines including the water heater installation, water reservoirs, sewage system installation, preventing leakage in pipelines, drain cleaning, home plumbing, bathroom remodeling, replacement of kitchen and bathroom pipelines etc. Also the modern techniques in plumbing industries has the main objective to save energy by following energy efficient methods to supply hot and cold water, solar energy conservation by installing a centralized water heating system and the use efficient methods to save water.

But now a day most of the pipelines and other plumbing fixtures are located in the underground that it seems this system is a good way for sewage drains and cesspools. When using underground pipelines to collect and carry away wastes to a long distant place it need the service of a professional or expert plumber. An expert plumber has good idea about using modern techniques and tools to install a sewage plumbing system. From flushing toilet to a single water tap there is great influence of these advanced plumbing techniques and modern plumbing tools. It is an important thing that the installation of a dishwasher in every modern kitchen with using the modern techniques of plumbing works.

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Source by vish ks

Tracking Gorillas in the Wilderness

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Deep in Uganda’s south-west lies the forested region of Bwindi Impenetrable National Park. There are numerous ways to access the nearby town of Kisoro but the most popular option is an adventure on its own.

I make the ten-hour journey from Entebbe in a four-wheel drive. The road is long, dry and bumpy, my driver jokes about the free African massage. There is no air conditioning and with the windows wound down a film of orange dust settles on my bare arms.

Uganda’s climate is perfect for growing fresh food and there is an abundance being sold at kiosks along the dusty road. Whilst the food bowl is full, there is still a lack of access to fresh water and therefore women and children in the searing heat walk for kilometres balancing plastic yellow containers above their head.

I spend the night in Kisoro but I am anxious as I can’t wait to head into the jungle to search for a Silverback Gorilla.

The morning begins with an education session. The essential number one rule is “whatever you do, do not run” – okay that sounds easy enough.

After leaving the education room, a guide explains the topography that consists of three volcanoes nicknamed “the guide,” “old man’s teeth” and “small pile of stones.” I umm and ahh in agreeance. Our self appointed guide discusses re-forestation and the lack of education about soil and regeneration within local villages. As interesting as it is I have one thing on my mind. He weighs over two hundred and fifty pounds and an arm span of about two point three metres.

The weather conditions are fine and our guide is confident that the trackers know the general area of the gorilla’s whereabouts.

We begin our trek through the dense forest. Our guide uses a machete to help us weave through the thick growth of vines, stinging nettles and harshness of overgrown vegetation. Heading uphill it’s quite an exhausting walk but fortunately after only an hour and a half we hear rustling in the distance. I can barely breath at the distinct sound of an animal. A resonating roar and the crushing of leaves echoes through the mountain.

My heart is pounding under the pressure of excitement and fear. I pause to see what is happening. By standing still I have unintentionally broken the group into two and exposed myself to the path of a wild male silverback gorilla. His monstrous knuckles thump the ground. Barking and pounding he seems irate.

Without warning the giant silverback leaps directly in front of me. Arms poised in defence, standing still in my tracks I recall the number one rule ‘whatever you do don’t run.’

At the pinnacle of my fear I turn my back towards him. The ape swings his 2 metre arms at me. With only a camera bag strapped over my back for protection, the gorilla raises his enormous hairy hand and I feel the wrath of his anger on my tush!

My saving grace, gorillas are easily distracted. My good fortune is another’s terror. A training guide who has accompanied us on the trek dashes down the side of the hill, the Silverback turns towards her. Fortunately she slips and again he loses interest. Phew we’re all still alive.

Shaking, I struggle to gain my breath. I am standing next to a German who appears strong and tough. I show him my trembling hands and he replies with “I think I pooed my pants, seriously” I nervously laugh, scared but yearning to see more.

With an air of in trepidation we slowly, quietly walk through the jungle observing these incredible creatures in the wild, they’re human like faces are filled with emotion. All up we see a family of 9 including a few playful youngsters eating and playing they are mostly unfazed by our presence.

But that doesn’t last for long as again we hear the rustle and roars of the tussle of gorillas. Nearing the commotion we realise that two of the gorillas are engaged in a scuffle. The commotion is right in front of us. At first it appears they are play fighting but I am reminded by how fierce these creatures can be. Once the silverback notices us he stands at full height. This time the guide tells us to stop and back away.

Instead of running away I slowly walk backwards until I am safely nestled against a tree. Breathless but intrigued I watch as the silverback mimics a scene out of King Kong. With nostrils flared he displays his long fangs, the roars are spine chilling. With fists clenched he raises his elongated, muscle-clad arms high above his head. Fists clenched he beats his chest. I don’t know if it’s through fear, astonishment or pure entertainment but nobody moves, not even to reach for camera. Just like the previous encounter the gorilla loses interest, lowers his body and with knuckles clenched bounds back into the jungle on all fours.

Still reeling in the close encounters we move away from the gorillas and trek along another unspoilt path until we are safely out of the jungle.

At the end of our tour our guide assures us that we have not upset or aggravated them in anyway. They are usually happy for tourists to observe and take photos, and it’s not uncommon especially for the babies to be quite playful. On our visit a silverback was protecting his family from an intruding male who was rummaging on his turf.

To spend just an hour or in our case and hour and a half observing and seeing these amazing creatures in the wild is one of the most incredible experiences you can have. It also made me appreciate how important it is for them to remain in a protected environment, out of the harmful way of their biggest predator – humans.

The History of plumbing profession

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Plumbing is the most popular profession which is coming from the oldest time. The history of the profession cannot be measured or one cannot find the exact year in which the profession is started but the plumbing item are found in the oldest construction even. So that one can easily tell that the profession is present at time also. The history of plumbing is the most essential thing most importantly for those who are interested in following the changes in the tools and the items used in the plumbing.
Today’s plumbing is the far different and easy as compare to the plumbing of that time. The tools of the today’s plumbing also play part in making the plumbing easy. Basically plumbing is the profession related to the networks of the water pipes to supply the water to the desired place like this now a day the plumbing is also using in the making the organized network with the gas pipes to supply the gas to the desired place. Tool used in making such types of networks are drift plug or pin and the tampion or the turn pin.
Plumbing is the art from the ancient time. Think before almost 500 years before when there were no such types of facility of research or the general facilities, in that one who invent the plumbing for the drainage of water which was used in the society is simple a genius. The plumbing used in the Mughal emperor get the most popularity because it was really a art. Even today if any one observe the plumbing material and techniques used in the castles of kings and specially used in the Asian kings castles were most difficult work to done.
State of the art work is done by the plumbers of that time. One of the example of the plumbing is that at that time no concept of getting hot water from the geezer is introduced but despite the fact the plumber make such type of network of follow of water that in the cold kings and queen get the hot water and in the summer they get the cold water. The good mind of the plumber is also like the tool of gold in this field. It is also observe that the plumber made their son a plumber. the transfer of education from father to son is precious because the father will tell the personal past experience and the mistake done by him in the life of the field is modified by the son up to some extents.
In American the old handles of the drain and the network of the drain is also the art of the good team of the plumbers. The drainage networks are built on daily bases these types of the work are done one before the city is being populated and with the study of the expansion of the city and the population which will live in it in the future and so on.

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Source by Agnes Celina

Turkey, the Bozburun Peninsula, Peace and Relaxation

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This a place with soul, really timeless, unchanged and gently awakening to the tourist. We have now visited six times, each one brings more delights and the absolute desire to return soon. We base ourselves in Turunc, known to many visitors as Trunk! Fly to Dalaman, drive through Marmaris and up the mountain for 20 minutes, down the other side and you’re there.

It is a simple town with a narrow strip of beach, covered on every inch by sunbeds. The beach is not really for us! However, the town has a good supermarkets, banks, an excellent doctor (we’ve met him, nothing serious, nothing picked up in Turkey) and some pretty jewellery. And the limonata in the tea garden is wonderfully refreshing, about 40p a glass. In the last couple of years, we have eaten at a new rooftop restaurant, Pisces, which has lifted the culinary standard in town. Lovely food and a great view over the bay. And wonderful music too.

You can get a water taxi to Marmaris to visit the bazaar and buy handbags, of whatever quality you choose. My favourite is Bird Leather, Suliman is a wonderful young man, who has near perfect English and a charming way with teenage girls and their fathers’ wallets. He is irrestible! Men who fancy a true Turkish shave, razors, flames, green goo and massage all in, threaded eyebrows too if wanted, must stop into the Brothers Barbers, they are funny, helpful and will escort said daughters if you need a break, which I often do.

So back from Marmaris and in need of rest and relaxation. We stay at the Piynar Villa Hotel, a glorious cluster of ten villas with pools, on the mountainside. The owners, Sevgi and Mustafa provide a home from home service at the clubhouse and bar, with Zaki’s excellent cooking and Murat’s marvellous cocktails. If you fancy the beach, the The Sea Club at Kumlubuk is the answer, part of the Dionysis Estate, perched way up above the bay. The restaurant here is great, waiter service to beds and giant cushions on the beach, or tables high up, looking at the boats, open late into the evening. The Yacht Club at the other end of the bay is good too. Or you could visit Amos Bay, a small cove with just one restaurant, overlooked by a ruined amphitheatre, which nature is reclaiming.

Glorious as all this is, the treats of the peninsula must be enjoyed. Dereozu is a special place, I prefer to walk here, driving the car around seems a bit rude somehow. It is a contrast of a few new villas with a traditional way of life, outside kitchens, goats, veg gardens and little in the way of luxury. Drive on to Bayir, the place to and from which all roads lead. The forests are lush, old and so peaceful. You might spot an old lady carrying a huge sack of bay leaves on her back. Or see blue wooden boxes, beehives, under the trees. Honey is sold at roadside stalls, it’s delicious. If you walk down one of many intriguing tracks, just to look, there are often remains of stone houses, left by the Greeks during the exchange of people in 1923. It is surprisingly emotional to see these dwellings untouched, just in case families might someday return.

The pace in Bayir is so unhurried you have to slow down, rushing just isn’t an option. You must walk around the enormous tree in the centre three times for good luck. It, and some of the moustaches sported by elderly backgammon players around the square, would be on heritage lists anywhere else in the world. This is a fantastic place to enjoy a glass of ayran (yoghurt, water and salt, beloved by Turks and some odd Brits, one of mine included). I bought a goat bell in the weekly market and the vendor was keen to know about my herd at home. Fortunately my limited Turkish failed!

Here you take the road to Selimye, which is most beautiful when approached from the sea. Roadside, you get the back of houses and restaurants. My absolute favourite holiday treat is a day at Nane Limon Pansiyon. Simple, easy and yet gently sophisticated. We are usually the only non-Turks there, although boats sail into Selimye from all over. You take a sunbed on the pontoon, sunbathe a little, swim in warm, clear sea, have a drink, sleep a bit in the hammock, watching the world on the water and the path by the sea wander past. Market day, Wednesday, gets a bit busier, buy anything from homegrown vegetables and fruits to kitchen utensils and gardening equipment. The countryside people really do have to wait till Wednesday for a new saucepan or hoe. Lunch at Nane Limon is outstanding, a simple fixed menu, which is fresh, Turkish and very filling. More sleep is needed, and then a leisurely stroll to buy an ice cream before returning to Turunc. Dinner in Selimye is taken practically in the water with twinkly lights dotting the seafront, truly idyllic.

Return via Bozburun, where you see the gulets being hand built. They really do look like arks in the making. I’m sure their construction has stayed the same for generations, maybe even since Noah’s time. In fact the whole peninsula has an air of history about it, which makes it unique and oh so special. And yet, tourists from both Turkey and around the world are invited and accepted. You cannot help relaxing, knowing, in my case, that you will most certainly return. For a gloriously chilled holiday, with absolutely no pressure, possibly apart from deciding where dinner is to be, the Bozburun Peninsula gets my vote.

Old Plumbing Fixtures-sprucing Up Your House

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Renovating your house could be very satisfying. If you are creative and determined to have different plumbing fixtures you must take your time in the implementation of hardware that you select. To have the look you want in your house may be a challenge that can be overcome by picking the right items to display. A beautiful piece of hardware can change the look of any room. Finding that piece of hardware can be a daunting job.

It is significant to know what overall feel you really want to come out of your home. Hardware and other items should go well together. Understand that an antique piece will not match a contemporary house. Finding antique fixtures that will complement your home can be a little difficult but exciting at the same time. It is a great idea to make the grounds to different flea markets. You may be astonished to find several awesome pieces that can be used as plumbing hardware in your home. The cost of many old plumbing items may be excessive and fluctuate but you can sometimes haggle with those that are selling.

With regards to antique plumbing fixtures, such as bath tub, kitchen sinks, faucets among many other things, their installations must be done by the expert plumbers. These antique fixtures may come from different parts of the world and it probably taken so much effort to locate these antique plumbing fixtures. These antiques are all expensive and proper care in handling and installation must be required. For sure, you would not want them to be damaged while being installed. Thus, a skilled plumber should be the one to install such a treasured possession or you may end up feeling sorry for not hiring the services of a competent plumber to install such treasures. These antiques may be found in various home improvements stores. There are so many kinds, so many brands that you may to choose from. You must be aware if everything in your home complements all other pieces so that your house looks the best it can.

Verify with your supplier what is needed, for example, wrenches or pipes and fittings that would go along with your hardware. Going online for old hardware is not a great idea since it’s crucial that you ensure that sizes match.

Finding that impeccable fixture can create an entire impression in any room of your home. Realize that any unique piece of plumbing hardware that you select should be one that you love and should also match the fashion of your residence.

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Source by Scott Rodgers

How to find expert plumbing services for sewer line repair

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Modern bathrooms with all their sparkling accessories and pretty décor often make us forget that there is a pretty messy side to them. Fortunately, you may never have to confront that. But sometimes, it may so happen that we are exposed to it, especially at times when we are least prepared, and all hell breaks loose in our household.

The sewer line constitutes a vital aspect of every modern drainage system. And when it breaks down, or becomes clogged, it can spell sheer disaster. Here’s a typical scenario. You are going about your daily routine – taking a shower, using the bathroom, making breakfast, using the garbage disposal etc. You notice that the piping is moving a little bit slower than usual. You may even begin to notice a foul smell coming from the drains. And then, it happens. After a brief stop to the restroom you notice the garbage disposal, toilet and other items have made their way into the shower floor! In sheer panic, you realize that the sewer system is not working the way it should and you need expert help quickly.

When disasters such as this strike, one of the foremost worries is about where to get dependable professional assistance. The Yellow Pages may not be the best place as there is a lot of guesswork involved and you really don’t know how good a company really is. When you need to get a sewer line repair done quickly an efficiently, the Internet is the best place to search for a suitable plumber to get the job done to your satisfaction. All it takes is just a few clicks of your mouse to locate a plumbing service provider in your locality, check its credentials, compare rates with other plumbers and ask them to get the job done. If you want to install the correct type of drainage for your washer or get a more energy efficient water heater, or just clear a stubborn clog, find a professional plumber online and get it done quickly.

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Source by Roberto Luongo

Proper Planning of Plumbing Design

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Plumbing Design is considered as the primary step of a plumbing system. This step involves the implementation of plumbing fixtures during the planning stage into a house or any building. Proper planning is an important factor to design a plumbing system. It shows that when constructing a home or any residential or commercial building there need to have a proper planning methodology regarding all the works related to plumbing, electrical work etc. The main advantage of design a plumbing system before its construction or installation is that we can make sure of the quality and safety of the plumbing system. The very first step in designing a plumbing system yields to get an overall design of the home.

Many of the plumbing industries provide a high quality plumbing design services with a schematic representation of the workflow for plumbing system which meets the International Standards at reduced costs. They also offer expertise in preparing the layouts for designing plumbing fixtures, detailed drawings for plumbing coordination, piping construction, etc.  A plumbing system follows some guidelines for designing and pictures the structural drawings, and has a site utility plan. The schematic representation of plumbing fixture’s design services include the design report, architectural layouts, floor to floor or distance by distance measurements, height, location and depth at where the plumbing fixture is to be installed. Also the plumb system designs for a sewage or for a drain tank needs to calculate the depth and area with takes the measurements of the adjacent drains and sewages.

A self designed plumbing floor plan for our own home will save a bit of money and time that the design steps takes some time to properly plan and design the plumb system and more over it needs some level of experience. However coming up with your own home’s plumbing design with your knowledge can make practical with the help of a plumbing professional that he can make necessary changes if there is any fault with the proposed deign. Also it gives you some knowledge to overcome the difficulties with any of the plumbing problem comes up even if you don’t have much plumbing experience. Thus you can overcome the difficulty in fining a plumbing professional in emergency situations with acquiring little knowledge about the plumbing system proposed.

When making changes to an existing plumb system like the water flushing or drainage system a plumbing design will help the plumber to easily make the alterations or repair. Often the hard copy of all plumbing systems and drainage pipeline diagrams are more important that a plumber can easily understand these structures. When starts a building construction work the basic elements of all types of plumbing systems include the sewer, rain water, domestic water supply, and other waste disposal systems etc are to be determined for designing a good quality and safety plumb system. The main goal of a good designed plumbing structure is to ensure the smooth functioning and security of all these plumbing systems and its basic elements.

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Source by vish ks

HIRING A PLUMBING CONSULTANT

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Reasons For Hiring A Plumbing Consultant

You may often need to consult plumbing contractors for your home improvements. Plumbing consultants can give you the best solution when you are facing problems with rattling pipes, slow drains, toilet tank leaks etc.

You need to consult a plumber for new construction of your home. Having the consultant at the site would make you know what you need to do or which direction you should take the plumbing. You should always consult a plumber to get the plumbing work done.

If you have plans of remodeling your bathroom or kitchen, you should hire a plumbing contractor. With the help of the plumber, you will be able to know the best way to get the work done and moreover, if remodeling will be possible or not. Call the consultant before you start the work to save money and time in the long run.

Plumbing consultants are people that come up and give you plumbing advice. They are the people who can tell you the exact problems of your plumbing. The plumbing consultants not only solve problems related to the plumbing field, they can also do many things in the areas where the plumbing is concerned. However, there are many reasons why you should hire a plumbing contractor. Read as we give you the reasons.

If your pipe is leaking under your home which is being impossible for you to fix up, then it’s the time to contact a plumbing consultant. They by coming to your home will give you the best piece of advice of how to get your pipe fixed and keep them away from leaking.

You may sometimes face problem with plumbing and you may simply do not want to handle it yourself. What should you do then? Call the plumbing consultant to get the job done for you. Their help and assistance will keep you away from crawling under the house to get the work done.

Moreover, if you have plans to install bathtub, water heaters, shower, sinks or faucet in your home; call the plumbing consultant to get your work done smoothly. Just be sure to find the plumber that is knowledgeable about the part you are planning to do in your home. Make sure that the plumber you have hired knows the best way for the installations and the plumbing to be handled at the same time. A reputable plumbing consultant can surely help you out with this.

So, there are many reasons for which you may need a plumbing contractor. These plumbing consultants are more than just a mere plumber. They can get your work done smoothly if you do not want to mess it up yourself. So, it is best to consult them whenever you are faced with some plumbing problems. They will take money for their help and assistance but you will find that they worth the price for the work they have done for you. http://www.plumbpro.net/

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Source by WES HAMILTON

On-Line Homeschooling

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Thanks to the internet, the opportunities for educating outside of a classroom are endless. Homeschooling families are discovering what universities all over the world have used to their advantage: Students do not need to be in a classroom with a teacher to process "the facts" and the internet is an extremely effective means of transmitting those facts in an engaging way .

On-Line Homeschooling can mean a variety of things. You can use the internet to reinvine lessons learned from a purchased in-the-box curriculum or from your daily "life learning". You can use the plethora of (mostly free!) On-line resources and pull together your own curriculum specifically tailored to your child and your lifestyle. You can also use the internet to participate in distance learning homeschool programs in which the curriculum is presented on Cd's and via an internet connection, tests are taken on line and transcripts are kept for you.

This is by no means an exhaustive exposure on ways to use on-line resources for homeschooling but in this article, we will dig deeper into a few of the ways that homeschooling on-line can work for your family.

Use the internet as a supplement to your boxed curriculum or your "life learning" – In our home, we utilize this method of on-line schooling quite a bit. I do not currently use a boxed curriculum but I often find activities and videos for my children to watch that will reinforce things that we are doing in our daily lesson time. When I was young, we used the encyclopedia much the same way as we use the internet today. If I found a frog in the back yard and was curious as to how in the world it was able to cling upside down to one of the gutters on my house, a quick trip to the Encyclopedia Britannica at my neighbor's house (or a visit to The Library) would she light on those questions.

Today, in addition to the encyclopaedia and the Library (both of which, by the way, are still fabulous ways to find information), I can also ask my friend Google, "How do frogs stick to walls?" And I learn within seconds that not only do they use suction but they actually utilize geometry as well. You Tube is a great source for educational videos. (But be sure to preview the videos before clicking willy-nilly with your child sitting in your lap. Not all frog videos are educational, or at least not the kind of education that you want to be attending to your 6 year old.)

Use on-line resources as your primary modality of teaching – The internet has it all; Everything you could possibly imagine is available. That's wonderful, is not it? It is wonderful if you want to have lots of information available in a variety of different ways, it is NOT wonderful if you are in a hurry and need to cut through all the useless information quickly. With all the information that is published on the world wide web, it is absolutely possible to pull together your own curriculum and have everything you need to teach virtually any subject and do it for practically nothing. That's the good news. The bad news is, because there is SO much information available, it could take you HOURS to pull together something that should take 20 minutes to teach. How do you navigate all of that information and get your child the data that they need?

One solution is to use a site like Lesson Pathways to pull the resources of the internet together for you. This is a subscription site but the rates are very reasonable for the service that is provided. I have found this site to be invaluable in my homeschooling endeavor. They have done all the gathering of information for me. It has lessons broken down by subject (math, science, language arts, reading, and history) and by grade (currently they have lessons for preschool – 5th grade). You can follow the lessons week by week or you can search the site to find information on any subject you choose. It really has been a fabulous tool for us and a smart use of on-line resources.

Use a distance-learning homeschool program – This follows more of the "do-school-at-home" method rather than the "homeschool" method in which the child's experience is very similar to what he would have in a classroom. These programs are more of a "private school at home" option and families participate in on-line forums and interact with teachers and other students, following a curriculum prescribed by the school and are graduated by the school. This takes some of the flexibility and control over what is taught away from the family but it also offers the parent the opportunity to have their child at home.

It also offers some peace of mind, knowing that their child is being exposed to a repertoire of facts that is very similar to their private school contemporaries. Often, these programs offer a multimedia approach including the use of Cd's and textbooks as well as on-line presentations. Another advantage of this type of program is that a transcript is kept and if your child ever transitions out of homeschool, this is a helpful tool. For more information on these programs, check out this article on about.com.

As you can see, there is a wealth of homeschooling resources right at your fingertips. Chances are, if you're on-line reading this article you're a "computer person" already. If you're comfortable navigating Google and YouTube, you're well on your way to effectively using on-line resources in your home education enterprise.

Sydney Plumbers – How do you know which are the best?

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Sydney Plumbers – Who can you rely on?

There are thousands of Sydney plumbers. The Yellow Pages is full of companies offering Sydney Plumbing services. How can you tell the difference? What makes a good plumber better than a bad one? Sometimes it can be difficult to find honest and fair Plumbers. Every home should have a good plumber on call! Plumbing is often only needed for an emergency, regular maintenance and repairs, so how can you find a good one?

Membership of professional or commercial organizations

Trade bodies will ensure that plumbers meet certain minimum standards and membership of these bodies must mean that you have a better chance of dealing with a responsible professional who wants a good job to perform. The best way to identify any good plumbing service is to look for those who work locally. Are there testimonials on the plumber’s website? Do you know of any local neighbours who have recently experienced their work.

Honour promises and good customer service

When you call the plumber think about how the phone was answered, was answered quickly and professionally, or if you have some half-baked voice mail system. When plumbing problems occur, your life can be a disaster. Leaks can cause damage to your floor or furniture. They can also prevent you from performing the normal tasks such as baths, water the lawn, washing dishes and even washing clothes.

Do they work outside of Business Hours?

Some plumbing companies offer services outside of business hours. It can be good indicators that the plumbing company cares more about its customers than it is to make money.  Plumbing problems don’t always occur during normal office hours. Sometimes they are at night or on the weekend.

In emergency circumstances, do not panic. Plan to have a friend or relative who knows a plumbing expert when you first buy a house, write their names down! Keep a list on the fridge or on your computer, so in a pinch you can relax. 

At Plumbing Co Sydney we have rapid response plumbers ready 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. You can contact us at any time on 1300 481 081, and we will send the next available plumber to your door. There is no job to big or too small. Call the experienced team at Plumbing Co Sydney to fix your Broken Toilet, Blocked Drain or Leaking Hot Water System.

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Source by Robert Steers

Quality plumbing repair services at cost-effective prices

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Are you facing the toilet jammed and broken pipe problem and your tap is leaking too much water? If yes, then you do not have to worry anymore. Simply, contact reliable plumbing company to attain guaranteed peace of mind and satisfied services. The plumbing companies are emerging an innovative way with the most effective solutions for commercial, industrial and residential plumbing need.

Hiring an expert is the best option to get rid of toilet jammed, faulty water system and pipe bursts. Plumbing is not an easy task that can be done by anyone. It is an activity that requires vast experience and knowledge in installation, repairing, water meters, commercial garbage disposals among many more. Moreover, the professional always carry the most effective and an innovative tool & equipment for solving plumbing problems efficiently and effectively.

Small plumbing related problems can be solved by himself, but a big problem can not be solved. Hence,It is quite important to contact the reliable service providers. The professionals are able to fix your problem in a short period of time as well as facilitate quality plumbing repair service. Finding the foremost & trustworthy plumbing companies have become more simple & a convenient through the online browsing. This is the best & convenient way to find reliable company and their entire services without any hassle. Moreover, there is one of the leading & reputed service providers, facilitating various types of services such as :-

  • leaking taps & cisterns/ general maintenance

  • Toilet/ cistern replacement/ hot water installation/ leak detection

  • Repair burst pipes/ camera inspections/ residential developments

  • Commercial projects/ sewer extension/ drain blockages/ fire mains

  • Storm water disposal/ natural gas installations/ LPG installation

  • Back flow testing maintenance/ plumbing consultancy/ water conservation among many more.

The company has several years of experience in providing quality and satisfying plumbing solutions. The company is associated with well-trained & skills professionals team that has great ability to handle all types of plumbing work of commercial & residential. They handle your work with full of concentration, dedication and efficiency. In an emergency situation, you can make a call them. They will reach at your destination with fully equipped and quality equipment to handle your work effectively. They are member of Master Plumbers Association and a plumbing a member of the HIA. They employ licensed plumber, Local plumber, gas fitters among many more. For any en-queries and information, contact them. They happy to assist you & help you. Feel free to visit their website to know more information about the company.

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Source by casotti plumbers

3 Modern Drain Cleaning Techniques Used By Plumbing Services

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Most drain pipes and sewer lines are decades old. Drain pipes play an important role in our lives because they keep waste materials away from us. Earlier, cleaning and unblocking these pipes use to take many hours of digging, but now it can be done easily with the help of latest equipment.

Due to advancement in technology, the drain cleaning in Los Angeles, CA uses several modern methods to locate and remove clogs. Here are three drain cleaning methods used today:

Drain Cleaning Video Cameras – These devices are recently introduced which allow the plumber or professionals to check what is present in the pipes without digging. There is a small camera located at the top of a flexible cable which goes into the drain pipes. The images which are captured by the camera are sent to the close circuit TV set. With the help of these devices, you can know several things such as where the clog is located, which method can be use and what is present in the pipe.

Drain Snake Augers – Once you have hired drain cleaning in Los Angeles, CA then stop worrying about blocked pipelines. If the sewer lines are blocked due to tree roots then they can be easily repaired with the help of drain snake auger. This machine is designed in such a way that it can successfully cut the obstructions present in the sewage. The main aim of these augers is to allow water to flow freely.

High Pressure Water Jetting – Even built-up grease, debris and grit can be removed out by drain cleaning in Los Angeles, CA. High pressure or hydro water jetting systems are used to clear debris. These systems use high pressure water to remove grease from pipe walls. This method is used when the sewer lines are severely clogged due to heavy deposits.

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Source by Alice Shown

Frank Cardia and the Story of Cupertino Plumbing

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Cupertino Plumbing was established in 1965 by Bill Cardia, master plumber, craftsman, and all around good guy. People trusted Bill because they knew they could count on him, his work was top-notch, and his rates were fair – values he passed onto his son, Frank Cardia.
During the 1970’s, Bill recognized the need for a community plumbing shop offering replacement parts, kitchen and bath fixtures, and trustworthy advise for both contractors and the do-it-yourself types. Bill purchased a storefront on De Anza Blvd in Cupertino and opened a plumbing showroom for the public . During this time, Bill continued to hire and train apprentice plumbers, expanding his ability to offer quality and reliable plumbing service to existing and new customers throughout the community. Included on this team was his eldest son, Frank, who demonstrated the same enthusiasm, creativity, and knack for plumbing as his father.

Taking what he learned from his dad (Bill), Frank established FLC Plumbing, a full-service plumbing contractor, during the 1980s.
Bill semi-retired, after selling the storefront, but continued to operate Cupertino Plumbing’s service and repair business until he was diagnosed with Asbestos cancer in 1990. The passing of Bill Cardia was a great loss to the community, but Frank Cardia and FLC Plumbing stepped in to support Bill’s long-established customers by acquiring Cupertino Plumbing, continuing a legacy of great customer service and quality repairs. In the Spirit of Bill’s plumbing showroom, Frank and Rosalind Cardia opened The Plumbing Bank, a unique bath and kitchen showroom on De Anza Blvd, in Cupertino.

“Overtime, more and more of our customers came to us for complete replacement of old rusted and corroded galvanized water lines with new copper pipes (that do not rust or corrode).” says Rosalind Cardia. Copper repiping became a big part of the business and to this day Cupertino Plumbing is considered by customers, contractors, city inspectors, and permit offices as a leader in copper repiping throughout the San Francisco Bay Area – repiping over 200 homes each year.

Cupertino Plumbing continues to offer unmatched quality and accountability in all areas of plumbing service including new installations, general maintenance, repairs, and copper repiping (commercial and residential).
If you need a plumber, call Cupertino Plumbing. Or visit new Showroom, located at 1300 Dell Avenue in Campbell. We look forward to serving you!

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Source by theplumber

A Fun Day Exploring Ambergris Caye Belize by Golf Cart

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One of the fun things to do when you visit the island of Ambergris Caye in Belize is to explore the island by Golf Cart.

Rather than owning cars, island residents on Ambergris Caye get around the island by Golf Cart, and when you visit it is a great way to spend a day taking in the beauty, sights and sounds of the island of Ambergris Caye Belize.

Ambergris Caye is unique, and unlike most other vacation destinations there are absolutely no Car rental companies on the island, instead you can rent a Golf Cart and use that as your mode of transportation to get around the island.

Contrary to what people assume, you still need to have a full valid driver's license to operate and drive a Golf cart on Ambergris Caye.

Many times people think they can allow their kids to take the controls and drive the cart, this is illegal and will result in you having problems with the island Police so please avoid allowing your child to drive the Golf Cart.

So your all set and have rented your Golf Cart and are ready to explore the island.

There are 2 directions to choose from, head north of town or South of Town

North

It is real easy navigating as there are only 2 roads leading out of town one is heading north the other south. As you head north of town you will quickly get to the bridge that crosses the river that separate's North Ambergris Caye from South Ambergris Caye. Crossing the Bridge is easy and will cost you $ 5 Belize dollars toll each way ($ 2.50 US)

Once you are over the bridge, follow the road and enjoy the views as you pass island homes and see different birds and lizards. It's a peaceful beautiful drive. Pretty soon you will see signs for the Palapa Bar and grill and this is a great opportunity to stop for refreshments.

The Bar is located on the dock up the stairs, one of the nice things you can do here to cool off is jump in the water at the end of the dock and grab an inner tube and sit in it and chill out. Call up to the bar and they will send down an ice cold beer or soda in a bucket.

As you head further north there will be spots where it is not developed and you will not want to go much more further north than Captains Morgan's resort as the road can get bad.

A stop for Lunch is normally in order and a great place to stop is either Capt Morgan's using it as your final destination or just turn around and head back to town stopping at Legends Burger House which will be located on your right hand side on the way Back to town.

They offer a wide array of delicious burgers and it's a favorite hangout for locals on the island.

South

Heading south of town is another option for exploring the island and south is a lot more developed than the North route. The road is paved so be careful of your speed even in a Golf Cart as there will be children and pedestrians as you head south.

Another option for unique and interesting lunch is at the Sunset Grill located on the back side of the island here you can enjoy a delicious lunch or dinner and can also feed the HUGE Tarpon that will come to the little dock. Tarpon are a prized Sports fish and can reach over 200 pounds in weight. It's a great experience and also a great unusual photo opportunity.

Heading south you will pass lots of resorts and private homes as you head farther from town, ever you will come to the WASA water plant and a big inland lake. This is another spot where you can check out the wildlife however you need to have a bit careful here as you can view the giant Salt water Crocodile.

The pond has resident Crocodiless that live in it and over the years some kids have been feeding them and they have become accustomed to humans. It is now illegal to feed them but you can still see them if you keep your eyes open. Dusk is the best time but it's also the best time for Mosquitoes so be sure to take repellant with you.

Please note, it is illegal to feed the Crocodiles and dangerous also. By all means visit the pond but do not feed them and stay clear of the shoreline.

The southern route allows for a lot longer ride than the north route simply because the road is much better.

So when you visit Ambergris Caye be sure to rent a Golf Cart for a couple of days and explore the island.

By Gaz Cooper

US Business Immigration in 2017

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As the first quarter of 2017 draws to a close, it is clear that 2017 continues to offer opportunities for businesses to expand into the US market, transfer foreign national employees to a US branch, and the opportunity for foreign investors to obtain green cards through a qualified capital investment. However, many people are wondering what changes are on the horizon regarding US business immigration law, as well as if the new presidential administration will affect their ability to travel to the United States for work or pleasure.

Regardless of any potential changes to US immigration law resulting from a Trump presidency, the United States is still a safe place to invest and grown a business. Since the election, interest in visa programs such as the E2 Treaty Investor Visa and EB5 Immigrant Investor Visa continue to rise. This may be in part due to the fact that Trump’s immigration rhetoric did not extend to these visa categories. However, since the election, Trump has even back-pedaled on his hard-line stance regarding the H1B Specialty Occupation visa category.

While the fate of undocumented aliens in the country remains uncertain, US business immigration will likely continue to be popular and contributed to the thriving US economy. Additionally, any significant changes to US immigration policy would need to be approved by Congress. A sitting president can only do so much utilizing executive orders.

Some potential clients have expressed concern that a Trump presidency will lead to the dissolution of popular business immigration categories like the E2 Treaty Investor visa. Fortunately, this is unlikely. Many of the E2 Treaty countries have maintained the relevant treaty with the United States for dozens of years. Some, as in the case with the United Kingdom, have been in place for hundreds. The treaty of commerce and navigation between the United Kingdom and the United States has been in place since the reign of George III, in 1815. The United States can only withdraw from a ratified treaty pursuant to the terms of the agreement. Additionally, for Trump to unilaterally pull out would be highly unpopular with the E2 treaty countries, the American public, and US nationals who enjoy the same advantages of starting a business abroad in a reciprocal E2 treaty country.

Immigrant entrepreneurs and investors were seldom mentioned during the campaign (if at all), and it was even revealed that President-Elect Trump’s son-in-law used EB5 investor funding for one of his real estate development projects. In fact, the EB5 Immigrant Investor Visa Program’s recent extension has made it even more attractive to foreign investors looking to permanently immigrate to the United States.

The EB5 Regional Center investment was set to expire on 9 December 2016. As in the past, the program was temporarily funded and extended until 28 April 2017 – with no changes to the minimum investment amount or requirements. What makes this extension unique is that it will likely be the last one before Congress raises the minimum capital contribution – something which has been in discussion for the past few years. This temporary extension ‘as is’ allows investors to submit their EB5 petitions during the first four months of 2017 at the reduced investment amount of $500,000 USD for projects located in Targeted Employment Areas (TEA). This is surely a welcomed relief for any investors who may have failed to organize their petitions before the 9 December 2016 deadline.

Along with the extension of the EB5 Program, USCIS will significantly increase their filing fees for the I-526 Petition and I-924 Application for Regional Center Designation, beginning 23 December 2016. Presently the filing fee to submit an EB5 Petition is $1,500 USD. From 23 December that fee rises to $3,675 USD – an increase of $2,175 USD. Perhaps the most significant EB5 fee increase is for business persons looking to establish a USCIS approved Regional Center. That fee, which is current $6,230 USD jumps to $17,795 USD – an increase of 186%.

Regional Centers are also required to file an annual certification to maintain their designation with USCIS. There is currently no fee for this process, but a fee of $3,035 USD will be introduced along with the other USCIS fee changes. The large increase in filing fees for Regional Center Designation is aimed at preventing EB5 fraud by limiting applications to serious businesses with the means to support large EB5 projects. It is likely that 2017 will see a decrease in I-924 Applications given the large fee.

The pending USCIS fee increases will affect other US business immigration categories along with the EB5 visa. Form I-129, used for filing L and H1B visas, among other, will increase to $460 USD. Sponsoring an alien worker for a green card via form I-140 will be raised to $700 USD. These fee increases, while significantly less than the EB5 fee, may deter smaller US companies from sponsoring foreign workers in a non-immigrant or immigrant status.

Notwithstanding fee increases and a new US President, the 2017 prospects for business immigration look bright. Companies are still expanding stateside, and the need for specialised foreign employees remains high. The extension of the EB5 Immigrant Investor Visa Program will continue to make the United States a cost-effective options for immigrant investors looking to obtain permanent resident status.

A Brief Guide to Busch Gardens in Florida

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Whilst many tourists head to Florida to visit the theme park heavy weights Disney land and Universal Orlando Resort, there are a number of other great parks including Busch gardens.

This Tampa theme park opened in 1959, has an African theme and is home to many wonderful animals. But unlike the UK where an animal park or zoo would mainly revolve around seeing the animals, Busch Gardens does what the Americans do so well and makes the experience exciting by including plenty of rides and roller coasters; to make learning about nature and the animals the most fun it has ever been.

Rhino Rally allows you to hop aboard a jeep which takes you through an authentic African veldt, where you will get up close and personal with some live wildlife. Another ride that is great for spotting animals is the Serengeti Railway that takes you through the majority of the park, stopping off at key points. On this ride you can expect to see Zebras, Antelopes and Giraffes.

If you have ever wanted to fly like a bird, you have two great options at Busch Gardens, the Jungle flyers are ideal for little ones as they can soar above the park at around 50 feet and see some stunning sights. Taller and older visitors can head on the Skyride cable car to fly across the park and see the majority of the park from this amazing vantage point.

Thrill seekers will not be disappointed with the number of rollercoaster rides on offer, Cheetah hunt takes you on a hunt for prey at around 60mph, Shiekra will see you take on 90 degree drop at around 70mph and Kumba will allow you to experience around 3 seconds of weightlessness as you spiral along the track.

The park is set to stage a brand new ice show at their Moroccan Palace Theatre at the beginning of February called Iceslporation. The 30 minute shows sounds like it will be a fantastic mix of everything that makes the park so great, costumes, music, puppets and live animals.

No one wants to visit just one park when they head to Orlando, so purchasing multi tickets are great ways to get entry to the many parks in the area for one great discounted price. Look online for specialist companies who will make sure you get the best prices for these combo tickets and you aren’t left out of pocket like some are who buy their tickets on arrival at the attractions.

Guide to Basement Bathroom Plumbing

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Basement bathroom plumbing work needs considerable skill, experience and care. It is advisable to hire the services of a plumbing contractor for carrying out basement bathroom plumbing work. The existing floor needs to be busted and in the process drainpipes may also get broken if adequate safety measures are not taken up.

Basement bathroom plumbing procedure

Some concrete may need to be removed for installing basement bathroom plumbing system. The fixtures required for setting up basement bathroom plumbing – bathtub, one-piece shower unit etc. may not be easily obtainable. Special effort needs to be made to secure them.

Often, the concrete of the basement needs to be broken. Marks are made on the surface along some demarcations and the concrete is chipped away usually employing a jack hammer. The debris thus obtained has to be cleared and new plumbing pipes are well glued to the original setup. After completion the new setup has to be covered up with concrete.

Another approach to basement bathroom plumbing is installation of a plastic sump beneath the basement floor. A sewage ejector pump or lift pump is used to pump out the waste as the sump becomes full. The pumps have devices to grind solids. In case the pump fails the toilet will not be draining properly.

There may be some houses where the building drain lies below the basement level. So, no pump is needed. A plumber can help in this regard by providing various estimates of drain line locations and plumbing setup plans.

Again, there may be homes where the main drain lies at floor level. To help out in such cases you may build a false floor for the bathroom. Of course your ceiling needs to be high enough in such case. The false floor erection would ensure that the fixtures are higher than the sewer line. This will do away with the necessity of installing a sewage ejector pumping unit.

Basement bathroom plumbing – a special plumbing

Basement bathroom plumbing is a special kind of plumbing setup. Therefore, special care needs to be taken while proceeding with the installation, maintenance and repair or replacement of the basement bathroom plumbing system. If you are contemplating basement bathroom plumbing for your home then you may conveniently hire some competent plumber for helping out.

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Source by Masni Rizal Mansor

Good Quality, Affordable Plumbing Help

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Plenty of consumers are seeking plumbing assistance, as property resale value, unexpected clogs, pipe damage and so on are popular issues. There are many ways to go about finding a perfect plumber. You’re probably looking for a good deal also. It is possible to cut costs and also get high performance. There are more sources than ever to locate a great deal on plumbing assistance and also receive quality.

Many people are seeking a great plumber, but how can you go about finding plumbing assistance? Getting referrals from people you actually know and so too trust is a perfect way to begin.  The people to speak to in your local area will include good friends and family who can refer you to a plumber. This is a excellent method to locate plumbing assistance because its direct from someone you do know and trust. They will actually know you and can sense if it is a great fit. Also, it is definitely possible that your referrer could have different, conflicting needs than yours. Remember this when receiving recommendations on plumbing assistance from a  friend.

There are still additional areas to look for a plumber in your locality. Many people meet with good success in looking in area business, home improvement, real estate and so on. These are great because they’re loaded with city-specific info. These local newsletters and circulars could also include deals on plumbing assistance in advertisements and the classifieds. This isn’t as ideal as finding a referral maybe, but it is a good areas to start.

The Internet is an obvious although also underused method to locate a plumber. You can scour the Internet as most good area and city directories will include linkage to plumber websites.  Researching the Internet for “plumber” or “plumbing assistance” will probably leave you with several options. Since property resale value, unexpected clogs, pipe damage are popular, the Internet is a great place to likewise read experiences direct from people who have had good experiences with plumbing assistance in your city. With the Internet, be sure to try different search engines, since they also tend to provide varying links.

And, plumbing assistance has a number of professional organizations associated with it. Look at professional groups like The Plumbing and Mechanical Contractors Association, The United Association of Plumbers and Pipefitters, Plumbing Heating Cooling Contractors Association. Reputable organizations like these have good standards and can be viewed as a seal of approval. This is truly one of the best ways to locate plumbing assistance if you don’t have a direct referral.

Another great area of referrals are additional related fields. These include real estate agents, contractors, ares business owners, home appraisers and others. They could know of good plumbing assistance sources in your city. These people also have good professional opinions that are valid and useful, because of their background. Since their reputation is involved, their referrals are given often with great care.

With property resale value, unexpected clogs, pipe damage being so required, plumbing assistance is in large demand. And, saving funds on plumbing assistance is simple if you realize where to search. A plumber will likely provide excellent discounts and special prices. Again, low prices could be listed in business, home improvement, real estate and so on. Searching in the paper again may be of help. So too, the Internet. And, since the large supply of plumbing assistance, prices are actually moving down in most cities.

Remember: although saving funds is a necessity, don’t do this at the loss of a quality experience. This is yet another reason to get a great referral, in addition to saving cash. Because of the growth of plumbing assistance, you can see deals in any location. It is also possible to get a perfect deal on plumbing assistance while also getting high quality.

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Source by kent harper

Plumbing Tapes and Sealants – Sealing Hoses and Pipes

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When embarking on a plumbing project, be sure that you seal the pipes and hoses well. It might be harder than you think. Do read up on how it can be done. However, it is also very important to make sure you have the appropriate tools.

Never use a sealant that is not designed for what you are doing. Sink flanges on a garbage disposal unit should be secured with plumber’s putty. There are types of special wax or grease sealants that are suitable to be used on the base of the toilet. Shower pipes and spouts should be sealed with caulking, and the list goes on from there.

Many people regret substituting the wrong sealant for a particular job. Do not substitute PVC Pipe glue when instructions ask for plumber’s putty. If you use these things rather than Teflon plumber’s tape on hoses, you will never be able to remove it should you ever decide to replace the hoses.

Be sparing but not stingy. It’s also important to use the right amounts. For example, a ¼ inch bead of plumber’s putty is sufficient to seal around a sink. Too much of it will certainly mean that more cleaning up is needed. If insufficient amounts are used, water will leak under the sink.

Wipe away the extra without removing too much. Too much sealant will tend to crack and tear after it hardens. Wipe away the extra using a damp cloth, sponge or even your finger and it should be ok. Also, make sure you clean up any smears before they dry.

Do not stingy about the use of Teflon plumber’s tape. It is uncommon to use too much, but in some cases, it can create gaps for water to seep through. The reason it’s so hard to overdo it is because it is very flexible and compressible. You want to ensure that not too much is being used as it can make it near to impossible to fit the new pipes or hose back on.

Wind it in the proper direction. If you are handling hoses, the direction is not a problem, however if you are threading pipes, direction will matter. If it’s not done correctly, the tape will twist off. The tail end of the tape should be going in the same direction as the way your are threading into it. It will create a seal that us tight as the tape will extend in the similar direction as the pipe while the pipe is being threaded. If the tape is facing the opposite direction, the seal will not be tight.

Avoid torn ends. Do not tear or bite the tape off using your teeth. It can seem like a good idea if you are working in a cramped space that is hard for you to move around. This can lead to stretching and tearing of the ends. If the tape has been extended too much before being threaded on the pipe it will not seal properly.

If the tape is cut cleanly, it will set in the threads better and not leave any ridges that could cause leaks. This should be done on the front and back of the tape. If you have ridges, you will create small openings for water to escape from.

If you utilize the appropriate sealant for the job and follow instructions faithfully, your project should be free from leaks.

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Source by Moses Wright

Plumbing: Clogged Bathroom Sink Drain

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My drain bathroom sink issue was really a problem until I figured out how to take care of it.

Plumbing issues are no joke and I became aware of this faster than you can say, “Oh my gosh, my bathroom has four inches of standing water on the ground.” This is no joke either. I feel the story does more justice than just straight up telling you what happened, so here it goes.

It was just like any other Sunday for our family of rushing to get our sleepy butts to church. Church is a beautiful thing, but our family does not like anything to do with mornings. Our two small bathrooms get pounded hard within 15-20 minutes prior to church.

With having three kids use the one bathroom non stop, there was a problem bound to happen. I should of known this, but just failed to realize it in time. So with me yelling at the kids to hurry it up, somewhere a long the lines one of them forgot to turn off the bathroom sink.

The plumber later told me that the drain wasn’t good enough nor was the over flow drain to take the amount of water of the fixture itself. With the sink left on the entire time we were at church, it over flowed and easily filled up the bathroom floor.

I know it’s more or less my children’s fault for leaving the faucet on, but it is also my fault for not having the plumbing up to par. The drain was not up to par nor was the over flow portion of the drain.

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Source by Chris Weber

Demystifying the H-2B Visa

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It happens all the time these days. A contractor is awarded a large contract, but finds he does not have enough workers to perform the job. He advertises the position, requests around the community, always with the same result – no workers available. Finally, as a last resort, he considers importing qualified skilled workers from outside the United States, but everyone tells him it is legally impossible to import such workers. So he ends up violating the law by hiring undocumented workers, as a matter of survival. Something is wrong with this picture.

What is wrong with the picture is the misperception that importing skilled workers is legally impossible. This misperception has been perpetuated over the years by the likes of the US Department of Labor and even, more surprisingly, by over-cautious immigration lawyers. It is a misperception that has so worked its way into the very psyche of the construction industry and the legal community, that there have been calls on Capitol Hill for immigration reform and for new treaties between the US and Mexico to address the labor shortage problem. In fact, before the tragedy of September 11th, 2001, President George Bush was in the midst of holding high-level meetings with Mexican President Vicente Fox on the subject. These talks have since come to a halt, like many other exigencies, in the interests of Homeland Security.

Unfortunately, a lot of time and effort has been wasted trying to fix the labor shortage problem, and all the hysterics and calls for immigration reform have been for the most part unnecessary. The truth is that there is actually a little-used provision in the immigration law for immigration of temporary skilled labor: the much-misunderstood "H-2B visa." This goal of this article is to demystify and clarify exactly what the H-2B visa is all about, and to offer some general information as to how a contractor might go about obtaining approval from the government for the temporary importation of workers from offshore.

OBTAINING A TEMPORARY LABOR CERTIFICATION

A contractor who seeks to import skilled labor for his short-term needs must first obtain a Labor Certificate for a specified number of workers from the US Department of Labor (DOL). He does this by presenting evidence to the DOL that his need for labor is temporary and that there are no workers available in the local labor market. Once the contractor has obtained the Labor Certificate, he files this with US Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS), which then authorizes the visas. The USCIS will deny any visa request that does not include a Labor Certificate.

TEMPORARY NEED DEFINED

A temporary need is defined in the applicable laws and regulations as a need that is less than twelve months. Additionally, the need must fall into one of the following categories: one-time need, seasonal need, peak-load need, or intermittent need. In the construction industry, the category that is most often used is the peak load need, which usually recurs annually. In any case, the contractor must present documentary evidence of his temporary need along with the application for Temporary Labor Certificate. Failure to provide such documentation is always fatal to a case. Other documents that are helpful in establishing a temporary need are a detailed itinerary and any larger than normal contracts.

PROVING UNAVAILABILITY OF LOCAL WORKERS

Proving that there are no available workers in the local labor pool involves advertising the position in a local newspaper of general circulation for three consecutive days. The DOL also opens a job order on the internet for a period of ten days. Interested applicants are instructed to send their resumes and references directly to the DOL, which then forwards these to the contractor. Given the current labor shortage, our experience has been that few, if any, qualified workers send their resumes to the DOL. Those that do rarely show up for work if offered a job. In any event, the contractor must contact any applicant that appears to meet the minimum qualifications. Once the recruitment period comes to an end (usually 14 days), the contractor send a statement of recruitment results to the DOL and waits two or three weeks for approval of the Labor Certificate.

UNION INVOLVEMENT

An extra-congressional, internal DOL policy singles out the construction industry as having to get union clearance before the DOL will issue a Temporary Labor Certificate. It is our opinion that this is a burdensome and discriminatory policy. At present, we are informed that a preliminary understanding with DOL officials in Washington DC and in Boston has been reached that notification of the appropriate union local is sufficient, so long as the contractor proves that the contact was made. If the union then wishes to refer individuals, they must apply as individuals through the normal channels. The union may not simply send over a roster of names. Additionally, the union has only 5 days in which to make its referrals. This understanding, as stated above, is only preliminary. Total elimination of the union notification requirement is preferred by non-shop contractors seeking to employ alien labor.

ROOM FOR EXPANSION

There are currently 66,000 H-2B visas available every year. However, on average, only 40,000 visas are actually utilized in any one year. This is in marked contrast to the better known H-1B visa, which is utilized to import professional labor. The H-1B visa was originally capped out at 65,000 visa per year, and each year there were more visa applications than available visas. At the insistence of the High Tech and IT lobby, Congress raised the cap in excess of 200,000 visas per year. Although the number of available H-1B visas is back down to 65,000, the precedent for the solution is established nonetheless: Even if contractors suddenly take advantage of the H-2B visa to address their temporary labor needs (as the IT industry has done) , There is no problem if the visa demand exceedes the supply of available visas – congress can always raise the cap as it has done before.

A WIN-WIN SITUATION

Contractors that take advantage of the H-2B visa to solve their short-term labor needs will not only benefit themselves, but will benefit the labor market on the whole. They will not need to continuously run afoul of the law by hiring undocumented workers. Instead, they can bring these same workers into the system (regardless of whether they come from Mexico or Canada or Europe), use their valuable services for several months each year, and then let them go home for a few months until the next peak- Load or seasonal labor cycle. At the same time, these same contractors will have effectively resolved their short-term labor problems and will no longer have to turn down or lose valuable contracts due to lack of workers. In the meantime, the United States construction industry will have the time to find local solutions to the skilled labor shortage.

20 Rainy Season Businesses You Can Start Now

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Let’s take advantage of these seasonal needs and offer the appropriate business services. You will find below a list of 20 profitable rainy season business ideas.

  • Cold Weather Apparels and Accessories: Starting a cold-weather apparel store can be a great option for those looking for a seasonal business. You can buy products in large quantities and start selling to retail fashion shops and corporate offices. You can even hire sales canvassers and pay them on a commission basis.
  • Lawn care business: Contrary to popular beliefs, the rainy season is a great time to start a lawn care business. Lots of individuals and large companies seek for services of lawn care maintainers to help them take care and beautify their environment. You will need to advertise your services in local newspapers, or write an introductory letter to the ministry of environment either at local or state level. You can also write to property managers. Who says you can’t go out and knock on doors of commercial businesses and property managements? They have a long list of clients that will need the services of lawn care service providers. You can start with two or three staff.
  • Roadside snacks: In this rainy season, snacks like roasted corn, cooked corn and cooked groundnuts are in demand. Passersby, pedestrians and drivers alike would always want to buy hot snacks to heat up their body and quell their hunger. Your target market should be in densely populated areas of streets with big pot holes that could delay traffic. As drivers slow down, they notice you and buy your snacks. Herbs and Flower Farming/Gardening: Flowers survive better during the rainy season. Plants are the basis for all landscapes, homes, gardens and even for brightening offices. You will pay small amounts for packets of seeds and make way more when selling starter plants. The more space you have, the better you will be at it. If you have the space in your landscape and outdoor garden, you can create gardens where you will grow the plants and dry them out after. This will add much to your inventory and you can make lots of money selling dried flowers to retailers, wholesalers, and even flower shops.
  • Make Mosquito Nets: Mosquito nets are simple to make and easy to use. They eliminate the need for repeated use of dangerous chemicals. Mosquito nets can be institutional and attractive. By using pretty flowing fabric and a few household objects, it is possible to make a beautiful yet functional mosquito net. Things you will for construction of a mosquito net are; stud finger, 4-inch metal “O” ring, cup hook, 2-feet diameter embroidery hoop, 20 yards of tight weave chiffon fabric, 4 feet of stain cord or ribbon, hot melt glue and clear hot melt glue sticks.
  • Tea Café: This market is not likely to be saturated if you decide to start this business. What innovations do you need to do this business? Simply make your tea joint look neat and attractive. Guys will park their cars, jeeps; roll up their sleeves and squat for a cup of steaming tea. You can entertain them with music. Your major target will include bachelors and spinsters, and also from the married groups and workers in general. Most of these people leave their homes early enough for work without having breakfast. Make sure your shop is situated where there is high concentration of people. Also make sure your customers have varieties of beverages to choose from e.g. beverages like bournvita, Milo, ovaltine, top tea etc. Other add-on for your tea café can include bread, canned fish, sardine, noodles, soft drinks and water. As a starter you require fire heating gadgets, tables and chairs, cups, plates, spoons, knives, forks and so on. You may require a small accommodation or a table space in a busy area, which wont be difficult to get if you meet the right authorities. You just need to part with a few cash to get this space. As you start operation, set aside some specified amount that the government may require as levies. Never mind the levies because you can record over 40 clients per day especially when you start very early in the morning and evenings. If you are innovative, entrepreneurial and exceptional, you will discover that there is no limit to what you can earn.
  • Catch and Sell Snail Meat: Snail meat has been severally affirmed as a safe and nutritious delicacy. If you place a blanched piece of romaine lettuce, zucchini or cucumber into a small tank, in no time snails will gather around it. You have to be patient though, because it will take a while to catch a whole bunch of them. The best period to commence snail farming is the raining season. You can start with about 50 – 60 snails to have a good knowledge of how snail breeding works. Snails are sold in bunches of 20 pieces each and the price depends on the size. The bigger sizes are sold between N2, 500 and N3, 000 per bunch. It is better to buy the big ones so you can expect to produce more after about 35 days on location. As a starter, you can start with as low as N10, 000 in this business. You can sell your products to hotels, restaurants, individuals and market women. You can even export them if you have large quantities in stock.
  • Umbrella Stocks and Sales: Since there is no notable umbrella manufacturer in Nigeria, prospective investors are advised to buy in wholesale and start selling branded umbrellas to corporate organizations. Don’t forget companies will like choose the colors that match their company. Modern rain umbrellas are made with fabrics (commonly nylon) that can withstand a drenching rain and one that can dry quickly and fold easily. They are available in varieties of colors and designs. You can get it in large quantities for retail at Idumota in Lagos and the prices ranges from N150 to N250 depending on the size.
  • Tarpaulin Hire Business: Many people organizing outdoor parties are most likely to hire tarpaulin to shield them from the rain. You can make money by engaging in the tarpaulin hire business. If you don’t have enough money to buy a brand new one, you can lease it from sellers and hire out to those who need it, taking the commission as your gain.
  • Pest Control: A pest control home based business can provide you an healthy income. There are various types of pest controls such as insect or rodent control, or the business can specialize in providing all pest control services. There are also various methods now being used to control pests, such as chemical-based sprays and organic-based sprays. This will also have to be a consideration in terms of the types of methods your business will utilize. Overall, a pest control service can be very profitable business venture during the rainy season and can generate profits of N5million per year. You can write a proposal to big corporate organizations stressing the advantage of pest control and healthy living can have for them.
  • Yam planting and Sales: Turning yam into an exportable product is considered a remarkable achievement in Nigeria. Although the country is rated as the largest producer of yams in the world, it didn’t find the means to take advantage of this huge potential for export until the formal launch of the Nigerian Yam Export to U.K in July 2009. You can take advantage of the rainy season, which is best for yam planting and sales. You can buy yam in large quantities and sell to exporters, and you can also sell to local manufacturers who process yam to pounded yam and flour.
  • Maize Cultivation and Processing: Investors have the opportunity to capitalize on the current high demand for staple foods by investing in the cultivation and processing of maize and corn. Maize is commonly grown in the middle and southern part of the country where heavier rainfall permits two corn crop seasons per year. A well drained loamy soil can be used for maize plantation.
  • Gutter Cleaning: A lot of gutters are blocked during the rainy season preventing the free flow of water. You can start making money by offering the service of Cleaning Gutters. Don’t shy away from this business because it’s a money earner in the rainy season. You can employ two to three people to leverage on. You will need to assemble items such as large wooden spoon, a simple garden trowel, and a sturdy pair of garden gloves. You can find work with landlords or landlords associations. Some will prefer you clear it for them weekly while some will want their gutters to be cleared once or twice in a month. You can charge between N5, 000 to N20, 000 depending on the clients and the intensity of the work to be done.
  • Hire Water Pumping Machines: A lot of houses will get flooded during the rainy season. This will create a business opportunity for you to own a water pumping machine and hire out to these houses to clear the flooded area and pour the water to the gutters. Some water pumping machine owners charge as much as N5, 000 per day. During emergencies when there is no entrance to a whole street a water pumping machine owner can charge more. All you need to do is to identify such flooded areas, move in with your pumping machines and charge appropriately.
  • Sell Rain Coats: Modern raincoats are often constructed of breathable, waterproof fabrics such as gore-tex and coated nylons. These fabrics allow some air to pass through, thereby allowing the garment to “breathe” so that sweat vapor can escape. You can commission a tailor to sew in different sizes and designs to meet the demand of different customers; you can also buy in some retail stores and sell directly to individual and corporate organizations. Or you can recruit sales canvassers who can help you get it to the markets, especially when it rains.
  • Start a Car Wash Business: A lot of cars will get dirty in the rainy season because of splashes by mud. You are going to make cool money in the rainy season with this business. There is some equipment you need to start this business. Most importantly you need a pressure washer, if you want a proper washing to make your customer appreciate your service and always come back. The pressure washer brings out the water with pressure. It removes all the dirt and makes the cars to glitter. The pressure washer is also used to wash the car radiators, no matter the amount of dirt that blocks the vent of your radiator, the pressure washer removes all and opens up the vent again. The pressure washer consumes less water. The amount you can charge to wash cars and trucks will vary with location and to how dirty the car or truck is. Normal car wash costs N300, but for interior wash, it can cost up to N800. Washing of engines cost up to N1, 000 which is also the cost for normal washing of Jeep. The cost for washing a truck can be around N3, 000 and a very dirty trucked can be charged N5, 000. If the engine is extremely dirty, you will have to apply chemicals which are a mixture of diesel, detergent, kerosene, petrol and acid, which should be mixed very well. Sprinkle on the engine and leave for about five minutes. Now when you use a pressure washer to rinse, the engine would look as clean as new. You can get to major car parks, negotiate with car owners and get their cars washed before they get back to the car park
  • Repair Pot-holes: You can start a mini-road-construction business repairing pot holes. A lot of pot holes will continue to increase in size during the rainy season. Some products make potholes repair easier than others. Asphalt makes the process significantly easier. No special equipment is needed with asphalt. You can start making money with the local government area in your locality. You can even negotiate with the unit or National Union of Road Transport Workers (NURTW) in your area or discuss with the landlords association or the local government chairman. You can charge as much as N20, 000 to N100, 000 or more, depending on the intensity of the project.
  • Own a Warehouse: A lot of retailers have been keeping goods in shops before now but during the rainy season, most of them will be forced to take their goods to warehouses to protect their goods from unexpected rainfall. Prior to opening a warehouse business in your area, it is paramount to find out how many competitors you have. Gain knowledge of how existing firms have positioned themselves in the market place and then design your business in a way that sets you apart from others. You can charge daily, weekly or monthly. However, make sure you inform your retailers in your areas that don’t have a shop before now that you can provide them a secured place for their goods in your warehouse. They would be ready to pay for your services
  • Produce Shower Caps for Women: This business can be started with very low capital. Purchase some yards of plastic materials which are clear, opaque or semi-transparent or can have pretty designs on them. Measure the distance around the head where the shower cap is expected to end. Add one inch to this figure for overlapping purposes. This will be the shower cap circumference. Purchase elastic, less than one inch wide, and cut to the shower cap circumference. The elastic can be sewn on the outside or inside of the shower cap edge, or the elastic can be pinned down, sewn, and then one or two folds (or rolls) made, then sewn again to “case in” the elastic inside the edge of the plastic cap. You can sell for N50 or more depending on the quality of the nylon you are using.
  • Set Up an NGO for Climate Change Disaster and Relief Services: This type of NGO is going to be busy in the rainy season, providing supportive services for Nigerians who live in flood prone areas. The NGOs in this sector will be responsible for educating Nigerians in these areas on how to avoid flood disasters and also provide weather report and analysis so that they will prevent flood occurrences in their regions. Such an NGO will receive regular funds from foreign donors. You can make money from this by affiliating with already existing NGOs abroad. They have regular source of funding and they will be happy to have an affiliate agency here in Nigeria or Africa.
  • Make Mosquito Repellant Lotions: Earlier on we talked about Making Mosquito nets for sale. But you can also produce mosquito repellant lotions so repell mosquitoes which are in abundance in the rainy season. There a couple of different formulations you can make for your natural mosquito repellant. In general, what you are doing is diluting an essential oil that the mosquitoes find distasteful or which confuses them so they can’t bite you. The oil doesn’t mix with water, so you need to add them to other oils or to alcohol. It is important to use an oil or alcohol that is safe for your skin. You can sell in a small bottle after production for N100 to N300 depending on the size.
  • Produce Agro Products for Local and Foreign Consumption: Local products like cocoa, kola nut, banana, chili pepper, shea nut, okro, melon are products that you can start selling during this rainy season. All you need to do is to locate the exporters and start earning finders fee. If you have a small farmland, you can sell to retailers and start making money that exceeds your imagination.

The rainy season is an all year round event, so if you have the time and some money to invest in a business idea then check above the one that best describes your dream business or starting point. Discover the money making possibilities of each one and use them as your keys to success.

Home Buying Tax Credit and the Plumbing Professional

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Plumbers can profit from taking a look at how government intervention helps change the home market, and what effect this can have on their particular industry.

You might have already known about this year’s tax credit for first time property purchasers. It is a definite advantage for those purchasing their first house. In the down market, the government has tried to present effective incentives to balance out the equation, and first-time homebuyers can expect 8,000$ in tax relief when they are purchasing a home under the right conditions.

Now, on the face of it, this may have absolutely nothing to do with plumbing. But here’s the thing: one of the first tasks for these first-time homebuyers, if they are buying foreclosed, or buying any home that needs fixing up, is to get comprehensive price estimates for home systems that need to be upgraded or repaired.

This is where professional plumbers can make amends by offering their services in conjunction with specific first-time hom ebuying situations – it’s all about offering “estimates” that first-time home buyers can plug into their equation to be more knowledgeable about the total cost of what they may be buying, in order to more accurately plan to purchase and have a greater effect on the market.

As a professional plumber, you can work as hard as possible to build the best estimates that first-time homebuyers can understand, and that will help them to contemplate all of what they can put into a house that will get them a good resale value later on, and investment they can bank on, and something that will be livable, even for a conservative down payment and investment.

You might find that as you offer this service and word of mouth spreads, you’ll have carved out a profitable niche for yourself. Clients will appreciate detailed estimates that can show them how to handle their own investments by knowing what they will need to pay to get them up to the right standards for running water and more.

This kind of strategy can prove very beneficial to a shop that is able to adapt to the changing conditions of today’s market. Instead of just completing a set of residential tasks, think of your shop as a consulting center for young home buyers you need a lot of input on just what is needed to generally fix up a home and keep it in good shape for possible resale. Extend information to clients on the relationship between tax credits and purchasing a new home, so that those who look poised to buy may use your services if they do.

Strategies like this differentiate contractors who flourish, even in tough times, and those that have to close their doors. But by using a little creative thinking about how to provide that outreach and is best estimates, you may be positioning yourself for a bright future in the plumbing industry.


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Source by Scott Rodgers

Discover the Most Dangerous Forms of Water Pollution & How You Can Protect the Health of Your Family

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There are many different forms of water pollution, all of which are caused by people’s carelessness. Agricultural run-off is a serious problem and one of the biggest forms of water pollution. Large factory farms use huge amounts of herbicides and pesticides that all wash into the ground water when it rains, polluting the groundwater for thousands of miles around.

The herbicides and pesticides are deadly cancer-causing chemical compounds that cannot be removed from the water by any method but proper filtering. The thousands of tons of manure from these farms also run into the water carrying herbicides and pesticides that the animals have eaten as well as the bacteria and microorganisms in the manure.

Industrial Waste is another major form of water pollution. Factories, large companies, manufacturers, mills and plants often dump their waste directly into the rivers, lakes, streams and oceans. Those who don’t dump directly into the water, dump into the ground, causing more groundwater contamination. Recent studies have identified 2,100 of the 80,000 chemicals in North American drinking water to be carcinogenic chemicals.

Household Waste – You and I are water pollution culprits too. Every time someone pours a cleaner, detergent, soap, chemicals, medicines, paint, solvents or anything else that doesn’t occur in nature down the drain, it becomes a form of water pollution.

Sewage – Many countries and states still dump raw sewage into the harbors and bays. Millions of tons of raw sewage are being dumped into the water every day. In some countries raw sewage runs in the gutters along the streets. This sewage obviously puts many different types of toxins into the water.

What Can We Do?

The best thing we can do to protect ourselves is to install a certified multi-layer water filtration system in our homes. All water that you come in contact with must be decontaminated- not just your drinking water.

The chemicals and metals in the water can seep through the skin or be inhaled in the form of steam, as well as being ingested. Protect your family from all of these forms of water pollution with a proper water filter.

Different Types Of Roofing Services

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Roofing is an essential part of any housing. If the roofing is done improperly then there is a good chance of leakage or any other damage to the house. Hence, seeking a professional’s help is always advisable.

Whether you have a new office, a house or any building and are in need of professional help to do the roofing then roofers are just a call away. Whosoever may be the roofer or any worker, working in an area of your house you need them to be friendly and trustworthy. Hence take up a roofer with loads of experience and who have a helpful team to execute the job efficiently. Sometimes you need roofings of your choice in terms of color and style, hence you need someone to guide you whether the roofings selected by you are suitable for the construction or not etc. These things need to be kept in mind before contacting anyone.

Wherever you may be situated, you will have roofers available for sure within your area, ensuring excellent services at cheaper costs. Some trained and experienced roofers give you the best in class services with exemplary roofing.

Roofers provide you with a variety of services like fiberglass roofing, asphalt roofings, guttering, repairs of chimney and roofs etc. All these are done by them at competitive prices.

Domestic Roofing

A good Roofing service provider completes on an average 30 to 40 projects within a year. A new roof to your old house can increase its value as well as its strength. Apart from increasing your property value roofers make sure that the work after completion gives you peace of mind and transforms the look of your home.

Commercial Roofing

Facing trouble at your offices with roofings, then call up roofers and they will make sure that the repair will be quick, easy and at affordable prices so that your business is up and running in no time. Some roofers provide you with services such that your work does not get affected and roofings are done without any hassle in a simple and effective manner. They might design their working schedule according to your demands and needs.

Fiberglass Roofing

It is a type of roofing which is completely maintenance free and with a long term guarantee. It ensures that the roof is watertight and hold standing water. This system is basically a coating of fibreglass matten over base coat and then fully embedding the system so that it becomes seamless.

Roof Repair options

Roofers not only install new roofs at your home or offices, but they also give you loads of other repairing services like:

– Replacement of broken or missing shingles/ tiles

– Gutter leaks repairing

– Chimney re-painting

– Patching up holes, etc.

Chimney repairs are sometimes a part of this process where they may do chimney reconstruction, brick chimney repairs, rebuilds etc. Water leakage, cracking, exposure, usage, time, lack of maintenance etc. can lead to chimney damage resulting in need of repairs.

Hence roofing and roofers play a key role at times in your life when it comes to peaceful living.

Advantages of Modern Plumbing Practices

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Modern Plumbing is the plumbing technology or method which provides a reliable and guaranteed plumbing service through the use of advanced plumbing techniques. The plumbing industries are always trying to present modern plumb solutions and advanced type of facilities to the customers through a professional yet good plumbing technology. From watering system to sewage systems the plumbing industry gained more popular now a day. Many of the people they first go for a perfect watering system in their home whether they are going to construct a new home or if they are shifting from one place to another. The reason why is plumbing gained popular among all other industries is that water is the necessary thing that all the people need to survive do them will first take attention in planting a proper plumbing system to make the flow of water to home or offices in an abrupt way.

Some of the largest plumbing industries are providing both residential and commercial plumbing techniques to the customers that are really practical in the modern plumbing techniques. As new technologies are evolving or coming the cleanliness and efficiency of plumbing and drainage system will become more efficient and clean than ever before. The first step of every remodeling project is plumbing. Being this fact the benefit of adopting modern technologies in plumbing is considerable that even when there is a problem with the underground pipes like remove the block or unclog a pipe it is difficult to repair the underground pipes. So if there follows modern techniques of plumbing one can easily uncover the problem.

Modern Plumbing offers a wide range of plumbing fixtures and accessories like pipes, fittings, tanks etc from the low to the very high end which wills suits the customer to get at a reliable price and style. The main areas of plumbing techniques are the installation and maintenance of pipelines including the water heater installation, water reservoirs, sewage system installation, preventing leakage in pipelines, drain cleaning, home plumbing, bathroom remodeling, replacement of kitchen and bathroom pipelines etc. Also the modern techniques in plumbing industries has the main objective to save energy by following energy efficient methods to supply hot and cold water, solar energy conservation by installing a centralized water heating system and the use efficient methods to save water.

But now a day most of the pipelines and other plumbing fixtures are located in the underground that it seems this system is a good way for sewage drains and cesspools. When using underground pipelines to collect and carry away wastes to a long distant place it need the service of a professional or expert plumber. An expert plumber has good idea about using modern techniques and tools to install a sewage plumbing system. From flushing toilet to a single water tap there is great influence of these advanced plumbing techniques and modern plumbing tools. It is an important thing that the installation of a dishwasher in every modern kitchen with using the modern techniques of plumbing works.

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Source by vish ks

Advantages and disadvantages of PVC for plumbing uses

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In my continuing and hopefully final discussion of supply piping materials, today let’s talk about the other major forms of materials used. In previous day’s blogs I talked about the use of copper, most consider it to be the premium material and it certainly is the most expensive, then there is PEX, the new kid on the block who’s advantages outweigh it’s disadvantages by a considerable margin. PEX is still relatively new and unfamiliar to most of us. There is considerable controversy both code wise and in connection problems with PEX.
Other primary alternatives are galvanized steel, brass and the PVC (polyvinyl chloride) family. Like copper, steel and brass are very expensive and have similar advantages and disadvantages. Both copper and brass must be soldered in the connections and can represent a fire hazard during the installation phase but it’s rare. Both have the potential to build up scale over years of use which can eventually impede the water flow and copper can eventually develop pinhole leaks caused by electrolysis. These problems, mostly the expense, caused the development and wide spread use of PVC for both supply and drain lines in homes. PVC is inexpensive, easily connected by utilizing PVC glue and a whole family of connectors and is easily installed, like an erector set, making it friendly to most of us DIYers. These days some codes have outlawed plain PVC for supply lines and now require CPVC (chlorinated polyvinyl chloride) which is considered safer and less likely to impart any chemical taste or hazard especially in hot water lines.
The general disadvantages of PVC or CPVC are that it is highly susceptible to ultraviolet light degradation thus should be used, primarily, in internal uses, it is more susceptible to freezing and must be highly insulated in very cold climates and is a very poor insulator for heat and cold so there can be considerable loss of energy especially in hot water lines. PVC can also be noisy especially when used for drain lines, an almost impossible problem to avoid without considerable sound deadening efforts. PVC supply lines can, like metal lines, also flex and pop causing some of the noise commonly thought of as water hammer, but water hammer, as I discussed in a previous blog, is not just solely caused by the material but by air trapped in the lines. Metallic and plastic lines, except PEX, are too inflexible to offset this action. The last home I had with PVC lines was trouble enough to cause me to never want to use it again. You could hear water draining down the piping every time a toilet was flushed or a faucet was turned on. Despite considerable efforts to insulate the piping every severe winter we experienced frozen and ruptured pipes somewhere in the house and generally the installation looked and sounded cheap. Why? Because it was.
I’m sure that there are more disadvantages and advantages that I have missed, each based on all of the individual experiences of each of us. Hopefully I have hit the high spots and I welcome and ask that you share any and all of your own personal experiences, with any of these materials, in the comments segment of this blog

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Source by Richard Warren

How to Check & Fix the Plumbing Leakage Problems?

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According to the federal Environmental Protection Agency, the typical U.S. home can waste up to 11,000 gallons of water per year only through household leaks. So we should pay attention to conserve this increasingly scarce resource. Here are some very useful tips to check out the leakages in your home plumbing system.

1. A Look at Water Meter: Observing your water meter can help you identify the leakages. What you need to do is to stop using water for two hours, and check the water meter before and after that period. If the meter reading fluctuates even a little bit, then you might have a leak in your plumbing system.

2. Check the Water Bill: You need to look at the water bills for the two months of the year. Say January and February, as they are the coldest months and water usage is minimum during this period. If you are a family of four member and the consumption is more than 12,000 gallons a month that means there are some serious leaks.

3. Toilet Leakages: Toilets are the common places where leaks generally happen. To identify any leaks in toilet tank, put a drop of food coloring in it and watch for some time. If the color shows up in the bowl before you flush that indicates there is some leak. The most common reason of a toilet leak is a worn out valve seal, also known as toilet flapper. Flappers are rubber parts that can decay over time and build up minerals. They are inexpensive and replacing them might sole your leakage problems.

4. Look for Leaky Faucets: Leaky faucets are one of the most common leaking causes. It is always recommended to solve such problems with your plumber. The reason behind this is that some faucets are too old to be found in the stores, and they are almost impossible to remove without painful effort. Even if you are ready to give it a try, make sure that you buy the correct replacement.

5. Leaking Showerheads: Showerheads cause big leakage problems. Leaky showerheads can be fixed by ensuring that there is a tight connection between the pipe stem and the showerhead. One can use pipe tape to secure it. Also known as Teflon tape, pipe tapes can be found on any hardware store. It is easy to apply and can help tame unruly leaks. Another thing that needs to be taken care of is to check the washer or O-ring inside the showerhead.

6. Check the Outdoor Leaks: The in-ground irrigation system needs to be checked if you have one. You should check it each spring prior to use and make sure that it wasn’t damaged by frost or freezing. Check your garden hose for leaks at its connection to the spigot. If it leaks while you run your hose, replace the nylon or rubber hose washer and ensure a tight connection to the spigot using pipe tape and a wrench.

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Source by pvyas

The Importance Of Scaffolding Training

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Scaffolding training makes sense for a number of reasons. First of all, as a construction business owner you want your workers to have adequate scaffolding training to prevent accidents on the job for which you as the business owner will be responsible. Accidents happen unexpectedly as that is their nature and are never a happy event either for the person who has the accident, or for the business owner who may end up facing legal action as a result of using untrained staff to work on scaffolds. It is law in South Africa that construction companies abide by the construction regulations that are part of the Occupational Health and Safety Act of the country and proper training in scaffolding use is part of this. Regardless, no one wants to acquire an injury, let alone die, on duty which is why prevention through proper training is infinitely better than cure!

Experienced construction workers working on scaffolds can make the job look so easy, particularly from down below where the observer has both feet on the ground, but it really isn’t. Workers can be hundreds of metres off the ground, working in windy conditions with only a metal framework between them and the ground. Harnesses are an absolute must, as are helmets and goggles to keep construction dust and grit out the eyes, but what is the correct equipment worth if it’s not being correctly used, or even used at all? Workers may underestimate the importance and value of using their protective clothing and equipment correctly, and not use it correctly, which is a recipe for disaster in the long run.

This is where proper scaffolding training comes in. It not only teaches workers how to construct scaffolding but how to use it correctly to ensure their safety. Trainees learn how to erect scaffolding so that it provides a firm and steady framework at all times, as well as how to stack and store it on the ground. Workers also learn about different types of scaffolding and their load-bearing capacities and should be tested on their knowledge both practically and theoretically, if possible. Ideally, workers should receive proper training during their induction into a company and workers with experience should be sent on refresher courses. Business owners looking to send workers on scaffolding training courses can find companies offering training on the internet but should first make sure that companies offering scaffolding training are accredited by regulatory bodies.

A final word to DIY home construction enthusiasts: just because you’re doing it yourself doesn’t mean you’re exempt from scaffolding training. You may think the job you’re working on isn’t located high enough up to present a danger, but you never know. The husband of a friend of my mother’s fell off a single-storey scaffold while painting gutters and broke his leg. The poor man now walks with a limp and his gutters still aren’t painted because it took months for his leg to heal and now he doesn’t have the heart to climb up that scaffolding again to finish the job.

Gutter Glove Pro Leaf Guard System Reviewed!

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The Gutter Glove Pro leaf guard system is the #1 rated leaf screen system available on the market today. This rating was given by Consumer Reports, arguably the most reliable product rating service out there. The first thing you notice when holding it is the very rigid construction, it is made of extremely sturdy cast aluminum. The product also has a surgical screen with a type of micro mesh attached over the aluminum frame. This mesh has holes that are so small that you can barely distinguish the individual holes from each other. The openings are so small that even the smallest roofing gravel will have a hard time passing through it. You can rest assured that whatever does wash through will easily be carried down through your downspouts and has little or no chance of causing a blockage in your rain gutter system.

However, Consumer reports don’t go into detail about the the price and difficulty of installing such a heavy-duty leaf screen. The price for a consumer who wants to purchase the screens directly from Gutter Glove will pay a staggering base price of $9.00 per linear foot for the screen, which does not include shipping or any of the many accessories that are required to install. In between each piece of screen is what they call a finger, which effectively eliminates any gaps between screens and helps the system stay closed. These fingers are pricey considering you need one between every piece of screen. The Gutter Glove system also requires specialized end caps which are required on your Gutters to keep small animals such as birds and squirrels from nesting in your Gutter System. These end caps cost consumers close to $20.00 each.

If the price itself is not discouraging enough for the consumer who is wanting to DIY, the difficult installation instructions will certainly make you think twice before taking on such a project. Any decent pair of metal shears (scissors) will cut most standard leaf screen systems but this is not the case with the Gutter Glove system. Due to the cast aluminum construction of Gutter Glove Pro you will need a heavy-duty pair of metal shears or more likely a table saw with a high quality blade designed to cut metal. Always remember to wear safety goggles or glasses anytime you are working with power tools and especially when you are cutting metal or wood! It is also important to secure the fingers and fit the gutter glove screens tight against the the Gutter Glove inside miters. Improper installation of any part of the Gutter Glove system will compromise all adjacent and connecting parts of your rain gutters.

When all of these factors are considered I would not recommend Gutter Glove Pro to be installed by an amateur. In fact there are many professionals that will be unable or unwilling to install this leaf screen system for you. Make sure you choose a rain gutter company that has been in business for a while and be patient with them as they work through the various problems they are likely to encounter during an install. To have these installed on your rain gutters expect to pay between $16.00-$26.00 dollars per linear foot. These are a very pricey option but keep in mind that once installed correctly, these leaf guards have the lowest maintenance of any leaf screen on the market and the longest expected life. You can expect a properly installed Gutter Glove system to last well over 10 years with proper maintenance!

DIY PLUMBING

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This article was originally written by Pat Perkins, it was so good I wanted to re post it!

How many times has someone asked you “Know a good plumber?” Would you even recognize a good plumber if you fell over one? Most of us give little thought to the health of our home’s plumbing, never mind the maintenance of our pipes, hoses, toilets, sinks, tubs, hot water heaters or garbage disposals until we are in the middle of a crises, like when the engagement ring goes down the garbage disposal or the hot water heater gives way suddenly and floods the basement.

At one time or another, each of us has probably experienced at least one of the following common plumbing problems:

* The toilet in your mother-in-law’s home won’t flush, the bowl won’t fill and you are expected at the dinner table momentarily.

* You are scalded in the shower when your wife flushes the toilet.

* You run out of hot water when showering and finish in a shivering rise of cold water.

* The leaky faucet or the running toilet keeps you up at night.

* You turn on the faucet to the hose expecting the water to come out the end of the hose; instead, the water blasts directly at you from the hose-faucet connection. Whoops, unexpected bath.

* You feel guilty wasting water at the kitchen sink but you run it anyway waiting for it to become hot.

* You try to scrub the tub, but the water takes so long to drain that you are always left with a puddle of grunge at the drain. Yuck!

* Your toilet overflowed while you were away and now you are standing in 2 inches of water.

Plumbing problems and emergencies are no joke, especially when you are in the throes of attempting to resolve one. When you need a plumber, who will you call? How will you know if your plumber is qualified to resolve your issue?

What It Takes To Become a Plumber

In a nutshell, the trade of plumbing involves working with pipes and equipment that are specifically designed to transport and drain water. As simplistic as this definition seems, the trade of plumbing includes a large number of specialties: pipe laying and fitting; HVAC, septic and sprinkler (interior and exterior) installation; and the management of drainage for public works projects (roads, bridges, developments) and utility providers. To further complicate matters, there are specialties within specialties too, each requiring specific training.

Plumbers work in commercial and residential settings and at infrastructure sites like highways and tunnels. They can be self-employed, work within an industry like construction or be hired as a contractor by a plumbing company or a government entity.

Career counselors report that successful candidates for the trade of plumbing typically exhibit high mechanical aptitudes, above average manual dexterity, solid math and problem-solving skills, and an ability to tolerate working in cramped spaces.

You might be surprised to know that plumbers are among the highest paid technicians in the construction industry, a fact that is directly related to the years of education and experience that are required to become a licensed plumber. Plumbers are expected to complete a professional training curriculum in a trade or vocational school, a 4-5 year apprenticeship and in most states, a state licensing exam.

Plumber licensing requirements vary from state to state and some states delineate between levels of plumbing expertise by correlating years of experience with various licensing levels. The most typical licensing levels are: apprentice, journey plumber, and master plumber.

There are two important factors for consumers to consider when hiring a plumber other than making sure that he/she is properly licensed. The first is to determine the plumber’s experience level and the second is to match the plumber’s specialty with the task you want done. For example, there is no point in hiring an expert pipe fitter if what you really need is a general household plumber to unstop a drain.

Protecting Your Plumbing

As much as you may admire your plumber, if you care about saving money there are a number of things that you can do yourself to protect the functioning and longevity of your home’s plumbing systems.

Garbage Disposals

* To clear a jam: Turn off the motor and the water. Find the disposal unit under the sink and insert a ¼ inch Allen wrench into the hole at the bottom of the unit. Move the wrench back and forth until it can be turned in concentric circles. After freeing the moveable parts, use tongs to remove the item that caused the jam and then push the red reset button.

* Always run COLD, not hot, water into the drain from your faucet when using the disposal.

* Avoid overloading the disposal. If you have to dispose of a large amount of food, dispose of it a little at a time.

* Don’t put high fiber foods such as celery, corn husks, artichoke leaves or onion peels into a disposal.

* Coffee grinds should not be dumped into a disposal.

* Eliminate odors caused by food particles in your disposal by running it every time you put anything into it. If odors remain, combine lemon or orange peels with ice cubes and turn your disposal on for a few seconds, then flush with cold water.

* Keep a degreasing product for disposals handy just in case.

Drains

* Children are especially hard on bathroom drains dropping everything from toothpaste caps to bubblegum down them. For this reason, always use screens on all your bathroom sink drains. These screens will keep objects from disappearing down the drain and trap hair and soap chips too. But you must remove the screens every now and then and clean them thoroughly.

* Use a strainer in your kitchen sink to trap debris and keep the disposal orifice covered when it is not in use.

* It is preferable to unclog a drain by mechanical means whenever possible. Chemical drain cleaners should be used sparingly, especially if you have brass, steel, or cast iron pipes which are easily corroded by the chemicals.

* Keep a bottle of vinegar and a box of baking soda near every sink and once a month pour one cup of the baking soda followed by one cup of the vinegar down the drain.

* It is also good idea to pour 2 or 3 gallons of boiling water down shower, tub and kitchen sink drains once a month to loosen grease and flush away trapped particles like hair.

* Pop-up stoppers in sinks and tubs should be removed twice a month and rinsed off.

* If your shower drain clogs and you have already removed and cleaned the trap and poured boiling hot water down it, try using a plunger to see if that will add the extra push needed to unjam the clog. Follow with more hot water before turning to a chemical drain cleaner or if you have a plumber’s snake, first try inserting that into the shower drain to see if it will remove the clog.

* Every bathtub has an overflow drain which also collects debris. Remove the overflow plate on the drain every 3-4 months and pull up on the pop-up assembly. Locate the spring or rocker arm, clean it and replace.

* Your washing machine hose should have a lint trap installed at the drain outlet to prevent lint clogs.

Caring for Faucets and Pipes

* Always repair or replace a leaking faucet immediately because even a slow leak can waste huge amounts of water (as much as 15-20 gallons a day). You may need to replace the faucet altogether or just the dirty or worn seal. An unattended leak can not only ruin floors and cabinets, but if the leak is caused by a worn seal, the faucet itself may become damaged and eventually require replacement.

* Keep an outdoor faucet from freezing by removing the hose from the faucet, closing the shut-off valve to the pipe that leads to the outdoor faucet, and draining the pipe of residual water by turning the faucet on again.

* Indoor frozen pipes can be a real headache and serious damage can result if they break. To prevent freezing, leave cabinet doors under the sink open on very cold days or when you will be absent for long periods to expose the pipes to the heated air in your home.

* Make sure that all pipes are well insulated to protect them from freezing temperatures and wind. This includes pipes in your unheated garage and in your basement. Keep the garage door closed to the outside on very cold days and leave the basement door open to the heated air in the rest of your home. In severe cold weather, faucets can be allowed to trickle slowly into sinks, but this practice should be avoided unless absolutely necessary so as not to waste water. If your pipes do freeze, you may be in for a long wait. Here’s what you should try before calling a plumber:

(1) turn off the main water supply to your home

(2) turn on all your faucets to relieve the pressure that can build up as the ice melts and

(3) try using a hair dryer or heat gun to thaw the pipes. NEVER USE A BLOW TORCH!

Maintaining Hoses

* You should replace the washers in all of your interior hoses twice a year and once a year for exterior hoses. In hard water areas, lime and other compounds can buildup on the inside of washers causing them to leak or squirt.

* Hoses will last longer if you run cold water through them after using hot water.

Plumbing-Related Problems and Resolutions

Water Heater

If your gas or oil-fired water heater frequently runs out of hot water during your shower or bath leaving you shivering and cold, you may need to investigate a larger unit. However, you want to be sure that you don’t buy a size larger than your needs require because keeping large quantities of water hot is an expensive proposition. Before you contact a plumber or HVAC specialist, you may want to estimate the size you think you will need to enable you to compare the prices of units that meet your estimated size requirement and then budget as necessary for a new one. The chart below will help in estimating the size you will need based on the number of gallons of hot water that you will use in an hour when your system is a peak capacity.

Shower ——————————————————-10-15 gal.

Bath ———————————————————-10-25 gal.

Shaving ————————————————————2 gal.

Hair washing —————————————————– 4 gal.

Washing hands and face —————————————-2 gal.

Preparing one meal ——————————————— 5 gal.

Dishwasher Load ——————————————- 12-15 gal.

Washing dishes by hand —————————————- 4 gal.

One load of clothes set on warm wash/cold rinse —– 10-12 gal.

When thinking about purchasing a new water heater, always look for the ASRAE/EIS energy rating. A rating of 90 or above means it is an energy efficient unit, but if the rating falls below 90, you should consider wrapping your water heater with insulation to prevent heat loss and improve its efficiency. Twice a year you should drain the sediment that accumulates at the bottom of the water heater. This is accomplished by opening the drain valve and draining about 5 gallons into a bucket until the water runs clear.

Checking for Leaks and Your Water Bill

Checking for leaks is an important part of plumbing maintenance and preventing those leaks is vital to your water usage bill. In addition to checking for dripping faucets and leaking water under sinks and around drain pipes, there are three other possibilities: a leaking toilet, an underground leak or another leak inside your home that you are unable to detect.

You can check for leaks in your toilet by adding a few drops of food coloring or several tablespoons of Kool-Aid or instant coffee to the toilet tank. Allow the toilet to sit unflushed for 30 minutes. When you return, look in the toilet bowl. If the formerly clear water has any color from the substance that you put in the tank then it has a leak and probably will need a replacement stopper and valve seat.

If your water bill suddenly takes an unexpected leap and you have ruled out the toilet and other visible leaks as sources, you may have an underground leak or a leak inside your home that you are unable to detect. There are several ways to check for a leak that you cannot see. Turn off the main water valve that serves your home and then check your water meter. If it continues to turn, you may have an underground leak. Alternately, if you plan to be away from your house for a period of time, write down the numbers on your meter before you leave and compare them to the numbers on your meter when you return. If the numbers have changed, there may be a leak somewhere inside your home.

Clogged Toilets

* Children sometimes mistake toilet bowls for personal marinas, floating everything in them from ducks, boats and fish to bars of soap. If the toilet in a bathroom is close to the sink, items like toothbrushes and toothpaste caps can also find their way into toilet bowls. To prevent unwanted doo-dads from clogging your toilet, train your children to put the lid down when they have finished and to use it only for toileting purposes. Never leave a small child unattended in a bathroom.

* If your toilet is clogged try using a plunger first, then a plumber’s snake (if you have one) to unstop it.

* In some cases where there is a low level of water in the toilet bowl, pouring a bucket of water from chest high level into the bowl will force a flush. You should repeat this several times when the water in the bowl returns to a low level.

Shower Scalds and Toilet Flushes

The need for the now infamous shout, “Don’t flush, I’m in the shower!” can be permanently done away with by correcting the pressure drop that accompanies the flush of a toilet. There is a valve at the base of every toilet which adjusts the degree of pressure with which the water runs into the toilet tank. If it is wide open, cold water rushes into the toilet tank nearly as fast as water rushes out of a faucet that is turned to the full on position, robbing the shower of cold water momentarily. There is no need for a toilet tank to be filled at lightening speed so by turning the valve off first, then opening it half a turn, you will no longer be needed to apply burn ointment to shoulders.

Waste Drains

Homeowners often forget about the health of exterior drainage pipes, but these pipes are instrumental in removing waste from your home. If one becomes clogged, your plumbing system may backfill disgorging the waste into your sinks and tubs.

* Keep tree roots away from drainage pipes. If roots become a problem, once a year or more often if necessary, call a professional who will use an electric auger to cut out the roots and clear the pipes. As long as the offending tree is alive, you will probably continue to have problems.

* If you happen to be up on your roof cleaning gutters and downspouts, flush the drain-waste and vent systems too by running you garden hose into them for several minutes at full flow.

Noisy Pipes

If you have ever lived in an old apartment building or home that is heated by radiators, then you have experienced the dubious privilege of hearing the full radiator serenade—such clanging and banking, hissing and squeaking at all decibel levels, the likes of which you will never forget. Very few homes today continue to use radiator heat, but pipes can still bang and squeak even in new homes. These problems are usually caused by loose pipes, water logged air chambers or water pressure that is too high. If the problematic pipes are exposed, you can often anchor them yourself or cushion them with insulation blankets, but other remedies such as anchoring pipes that are concealed inside walls, floors or ceilings may require a professional.

A common pipe noise that you can repair yourself is referred to as a hammer noise, named after the sharp “clunk” sound that is heard when water to an appliance or faucet is shut off quickly (washers are notorious hammerers). The sound is created by the water slamming to a stop in the pipes. The cause of the noise is usually a faulty air chamber, meaning that the length of pipe installed behind an appliance is filled up with water rather than air. To restore the air chamber to cushion the shock of a quick, water shut off:

* Turn the water off at the main shutoff valve.

* Drain the system by opening all faucets and letting them run dry.

* Close the faucets and turn the water on again. The air chambers should fill with air.

If you have restored the air chambers in the faulty pipe and you still hear a hammer noise, you may have water pressure above 80 pounds per square inch (psi). If this is the case, you may want to have a plumber install a pressure-reducing valve which will take care of the problem.

Wasting Water in the Kitchen

If it takes a while to get your water to flow from cold to hot and you hate the idea of wasting water, consider installing an instant hot water heater on your kitchen sink. This will help reduce both water heating costs and your guilt.

Sinks, drains, toilets, pipes—not the stuff of which memories are made, unless of course something goes wrong. But if disaster strikes, you will have more memories than you care to remember. Save yourself the agony and pay attention to those pipes.

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Source by WES HAMILTON

The Importance of Regular Home Improvement

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Home improvement, by definition, is making changes to one’s home by making improvements on the house’s looks. Home improvement is usually done by professional contractors, handymen, and even the house owner himself. Home improvement is important because real estate’s value appreciates more if a property is well-maintained. Home improvement is seen by many as unnecessary cost. However, losing value of a real estate is usually caused by neglect in a property’s maintenance. Therefore, in the long run, regular maintenance is crucial for the property’s value to appreciate.

Regular home improvement jobs and renovations will surely make your current living conditions more favorable. People do not easily notice that some areas of the house need improvement. In the long run, regular maintenance will reduce the serious structural damages to your property. It is also important to note that there are different maintenance schedules for different areas of your house. For instance, plumbing should be checked monthly. Ovens, heating systems, smoke detectors, and the like should also be checked monthly to prevent unfortunate disasters. The garden area should be maintained regularly and should undergo rigorous maintenance every four months. This is to prevent insects and termites infestation which can cause significant damage in infrastructure. The landscape of a house should also be in good appearance to help preserve your property’s value. Refrigerators should be checked every three to four months. Check for faulty or loose wiring and avoid energy overload. The roof, on the other hand, should be checked at least every six months. Check for shingles and leaks and take care of them right away. Watch out for blocked gutters as this can lead rainwater to go inside your house. If your house is made mainly of wood, have a regular termite exterminator team visit your house.

Aside from these standard areas in the house that need improvement, remodeling or renovating is also a good idea. It can also add value to real estate. Remodeling can be as simple as changing the paint color in your living room or laying a different color of carpet in your bedroom. Something this simple can make significant changes in your house’s ambience. Renovating can be as major as tearing down the common wall of two rooms to make them one big room. Tearing down walls creates a bigger space which can be used for many purposes. Additional extensions can also be done. Additional space that can be used as garage space is useful. Home improvement tasks that require massive construction should be done by professional contractors. Make a list on what you want changed inside your homes and consult with a team of contractors. This way, you will have an idea on the costs that will be incurred as well as the extent of the repairs and improvements you can do.

Home improvement is important because essentially, it is considered taking care of your home. Aside from the additional value it gives your property, preventive maintenance and remodeling is always good to decrease future damages in your property.

Top 10 Tips For Maintaining Your Static Caravan

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A static caravan is a great investment in your families future holidays. You can enjoy amazing times in your new holiday home but you should look at after your static caravan to ensure it stays in tip top condition year on year.

I thought I would give you some hints and tips on maintaining your caravan and I will write some more detailed advice in other articles, but this one covers the main areas.

1) Gas and Electric Maintenance

Your holiday home will most likely be fitted with a gas boiler which in some cases will be connected to a central heating system.

Annual maintenance of your boiler should be completed by a competent and registered engineer, however you can ensure that it’s running smoothly and highlight any concerns to your engineer as soon as possible. This will keep your overall costs down in future years.

As for electric systems I would recommend getting these annually checked for safety. Again, you can check if the fuses are in place correctly and that when you leave your static caravan that both the electric and bass is turned off at the main connection points to your plot.

2) Exterior Maintenance

Dirt will collect on your caravan throughout the year. Cleaning the exterior of your caravan will keep it looking great and will also ensure it stays waterproof.

You can use a jet wash or a cloth and detergent to clean the outside of your caravan. Windows can be cleaned with a normal window cleaning solution.

Ask your park manager if they offer a cleaning service or know someone who does if you feel this is a too greater task for you.

3) Guttering

One area to check on a regular basis are your gutters.

Remove any leaves and debris to ensure that water can pass easily away. This is a common cause of damp in caravans so by performing this quick and simple maintenance task your static caravan will perform as expected for many years.

4) Anchor your static caravan

You might think that your caravan weighs quite a bit, but high winds in the autumn and winter can cause them to flip over.

I would recommend that you anchor caravan and check this on a regular basis. Anchor chains will be available from all good caravan accessory retailers or ask your park manager if they can recommend a solution.

Some caravan parks will check and maintain this for you, however I would ask the question rather than just think its happening!

5) Window Latches and Doors

A new caravan can be installed with double glazing and uPVC doors. However I would advise that all windows and doors close and lock securely.

A static caravan can warp as it gets older, so checking that the seals are tight and all security features are in good working is a quick precaution that can save you money in the long term.

6) Check for rust

The chassis of your caravan will be constructed from a hardy metal however you should check for rust on other areas as your caravan gets older. This would especially be the case on any fittings attached to the caravan.

7) Wheels

It’s rare to have to move your static caravan however an annual inspection of your wheels will ensure that if it is required to be moved it will easily without issues such as getting cranes in.

8) Electric Fridge and Freezer

Your fridge and freezer will get some serious use each year. When you leave your caravan for a prolong period of the time and your fridge is not required I would advise that you allow the freezer section be correctly defrosted.

This will reduce any issues of water leakage and also reduce down any damp that could be created when not in use.

9) Internal Cleaning

I would recommend that you clean your caravan on a regular basis. As you perform the cleaning you will be able to notice any signs of wear and tear that could effect the life of your static caravan.

If you are unable to perform a deep clean your park manager will be able to advise of local cleaning companies that specialise in static caravan cleaning. They will report any problems they notice to you so you can react quickly and repair any problems before they get worse.

10) Static Caravan Insurance

Please, please, please ensure you have adequate static caravan insurance.

This is one area where many owners fail to get the correct level of cover. If its too cheap, then it probably won’t meet your requirements. Check your policy wording carefully and ensure that you are correctly covered for accidents or other insurance related claims.

Home Mosquito Control – Turning Your Yard Into Hostile Territory For Mosquitoes

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Ready to get rid of those mosquitoes around the house? Great. But there’s one thing you should know about home mosquito control right up front.

There’s no silver bullet to mosquito prevention, no one product or tactic guaranteed to clear them out of your yard. And you will never be able to get them all; it’s just not possible. The best you do is thin out their numbers and lessen the odds of getting bitten when you go out of the house.

To accomplish this, you’ll have to use a combination of approaches. That includes ferreting out the possible mosquito breeding sites around your house, making the yard as inhospitable as you can, and attacking the adult swarms with everything from mosquito traps to mosquito spray.

It will take some time, and yes, cost you some money, as well, but when you’re done, you will be able to relax outside your home, confident that you’re as safe from the marauding bloodsuckers as you possibly can be.

Effective mosquito control starts with a thorough inspection of the potential battlefield, so let’s head outside for a look around.

Is your yard a breeding ground for mosquitoes?

On your way out, check all the doors and windows in the house. Every window that opens should have a screen that fits tightly into place – no gaps around the edges – and is in good repair, without cuts or holes.

Same for entrances. You need a good screen door for each. When closed, the screen door should be snug against the door frame, and the screen should not have any damage that would allow mosquitoes to get inside.

Of course, they don’t do any good if you raise the window screens along with the windows, or leave the screen door propped wide when the house door is open. Mosquitoes can and will come into the house any chance they get, so make sure to always keep the screens in place.

Outside, you need to look for standing water, in both the obvious places and the not-so-obvious. The folks at the Alameda County (Cal.) Mosquito Control District put it best on their website:

“The main rule when it comes to breeding grounds for mosquitoes is that they need stagnant water in order to lay their eggs. What most people don’t realize is the surprising number of areas around their own house where mosquitoes can find the stagnant water they need. The main rule: If it can hold water for more than a few days, it can breed mosquitoes.”

Female mosquitoes can lay their eggs in as little as an inch of water. So look for these likely places where mosquitoes can breed:

  • Tree holes – Some mosquitoes favor laying their eggs in hollowed-out places in trees where rainwater collects. Dealing with these can be tricky because insecticide might harm the tree, as could removing part of it. You may want to consult a landscaping expert or tree service for help.
  • Yard equipment – An upright wheelbarrow, an empty flowerpot, or even an abandoned shovel can hold water long enough to develop mosquito larvae. Store equipment inside, or turn it over so that rain will run off. Drill holes in the bottoms of containers that must remain outside, so they can drain.
  • Tarps – Any kind of plastic or nylon cover, whether it is draped over a stack of firewood or a boat, will eventually begin to sag and develop pockets where water can collect. Tighten them where you can and check them frequently.
  • Toys – Rain will fill toy trucks, teacup sets, or Frisbees left lying in the grass. The same for old-fashioned tire swings, which collect stagnating rainwater, or any old tire left laying in the yard. Make sure the kids pick up after themselves, and get rid of the tires.
  • Puddles – You may have low spots in the yard where water gathers and is slow to drain. If the water stands for more than a week at a time, you’ll get mosquitoes during the warm months. Fill in the spots, install drainage pipes, or change the landscaping to keep the water away.
  • Rain gutters – When the gutters on your house get clogged with debris, water can back up and become stagnant. Check the gutters regularly, especially if you have heavy leaf fall. Also, keep the yard raked. Overturned leaves hold water, and mosquitoes like to breed in them.
  • Birdbaths and wading pools – Take a hose to the birdbath at least once a week during warm weather to keep the water from stagnating. Turn the kids’ pool over and stand it up against a wall when they aren’t using it. If you have a swimming pool, make sure you clean and service it regularly.

OK, you’ve taken care of the standing water in the yard. Now, since mosquitoes like to rest in warm, moist vegetation during the day, make sure you keep the grass cut and the bushes trimmed, and clear all the weeds out of the flower beds regularly. Water the grass and plants enough to keep them healthy, but avoid doing it so much everything stays wet.

Natural mosquito control around the home

Next, you may want to make a few additions to the yard that can help control mosquitoes organically.

You’ve probably heard of the citrosa, called the “mosquito plant,” that’s supposed to miraculously repel mosquitoes just by its presence. Unfortunately, that’s not completely true. Mosquito control studies have shown that an undisturbed citrosa has very little effect on the pesky bloodsuckers.

However, the citrosa leaves do contain citronella oil, which is a mosquito repellent. And there are other plants with oils and fragrances believed to irritate mosquitoes, including citronella grass, lemon thyme, catnip and rosemary.

The trick is that you have to crush the leaves in order to release the mosquito repellents. Not terribly effective as an active measure, but it might be worth planting some around your favorite spots, so you can rub the leaves on your skin when you’re outside, to help keep the mosquitoes away.

This is also a good time to think about a small decorative pond to aid in mosquito control.

If you have one already, it’s a good bet mosquitoes breed in it, unless it gets a constant flow of fresh water. A natural way to treat the pond for mosquitoes is to stock it with gambusia, also known as the mosquito eating fish.

Gambusia feed on mosquito larvae, primarily wigglers at the surface. They grow to about two inches and require no care. About 35 to 100 are enough to keep a small ornamental pond relatively free of mosquitoes, according to Rutgers University entomologists.

Many local mosquito control districts will provide them for free as long as they are kept somewhere that does not connect to other water environments. Gambusia are predatory fish and have been known to feed on the young of other native species.

Meanwhile, if you don’t have a pond, it could be a good idea to get one installed. Designed correctly, a small decorative pond can attract dragonflies, sometimes known as “mosquito hawks” because they feed on both mosquito larvae and adult mosquitoes.

The British Dragonfly Society recommends the pond be at least 130 square feet, but obviously, you can go much smaller. Put it somewhere protected from wind, but where it can receive direct sunlight to keep the dragonflies warm.

The pond needs to be deep at one end, at least two feet, and shallow at the other, so dragonfly larvae, called “nymphs,” can dive when threatened by predators and eventually crawl out of the water once they’ve grown.

Stock the pond with native aquatic plants that rise above the surface, giving the larvae a place to rest and hide in the roots, and the young adults a place to rest out of the water. Also plant shrubs close by to encourage the adults to stick around.

Surround the pond with flat, light-colored rocks. Some dragonflies like to land on flat rocks to sun themselves.

One quick note: You may have heard that bats and purple martins also are handy to have around because they eat mosquitoes. But researchers say those are fallacies. Bats prefer other insects, with mosquitoes making up less than one percent of their diet. Purple martins are partial to dragonflies.

Mosquito spraying and other forms of attack

Now that you’ve turned your yard downright unfriendly toward mosquitoes, it’s time to take a little more aggressive action. Again, you’ll need to use a combination of tactics.

One of those involves insecticide.

You can kill mosquito larvae in standing water with a product like Mosquito Bits, which contains the Bacillus thuringiensis israeliensis bacteria, the most effective larvacide, or you can apply a larvacidal oil to the water’s surface to keep the larvae from breathing.

Adults are susceptible to foggers and mosquito spray.

Foggers heat insecticide and release it into the yard in low volumes, killing mosquitoes on contact, but the fog, and its effectiveness, wear off within a few hours. A mosquito spray, such as permethrin or bifenthrin, lasts a little longer and can be used to coat areas where mosquitoes like to rest.

Spray the grass, trees, bushes, wooden fences and walls of the house, then let it dry. The poison, a synthetic version of the insecticide produced by the chrysanthemum plant, kills mosquitoes on contact by attacking their nervous systems.

You can find larvacides, foggers and sprays in most hardware and home improvement stores.

Believe it or not, you are still going to have mosquitoes, even after all of this. Different tricks work with different species, and there could be tens of thousands of mosquitoes from a dozen or more species flying around your neighborhood.

To add the next layer of protection, replace the regular lights bulbs in your outside lights with yellow bulbs, which attract significantly fewer insects. Then, put a mosquito trap in your yard, away from the deck, patio or anywhere you normally spend time.

Mosquito traps mimic the attractants that draw female mosquitoes to feed on human bodies. They release carbon dioxide and Octenol, found in exhaled breath and sweat, and they emit heat and light in ranges designed to stimulate the mosquitoes.

The traps can lure mosquitoes from more than 100 feet away, then sweep them through a fan into a container where they die. While you sit comfortably, the mosquitoes are tricked away from you to another corner of the yard and quietly disposed of by your trap.

Within about two months of running the trap, you can expect to see significant reductions in the local mosquito population, as female after female is drawn in and dies without laying more eggs.

And that’s it. You have implemented a thorough, comprehensive program of home mosquito control. Now put on a little mosquito repellent with DEET – you can’t be too careful – and go enjoy a nice summer evening outdoors.

5 Advantages of Aluminium Gutters

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Guttering is something that is vital for every home. It protects homes from getting damaged by rainwater. By installing a guttering system, one can keep water off from damaging the roof. However, it requires a bit of planning when it comes to picking up the right guttering material. Nowadays aluminium gutters are gaining popularity in the market. They have fast established themselves as are one of the most well performing and valued rainwater systems. Nevertheless, the homeowners have also started to capitalize the advantages of aluminium rainwater gutters.

Aluminium gutters is certainly the most popular form of guttering and the reasons why they have become popular amongst architects and builders isn’t very difficult to understand. This rainwater system really offers a vast array of advantages. When assessing the benefits, which aluminium rainwater guttering system offers, it becomes easier to fathom why they are installed on all kinds of properties.

There are several advantages associated with aluminium guttering system. Let us now read some of the advantages.

Durability

Aluminium rain gutters are durable. There are many homeowners who think steel gutters to be a good option but in reality it isn’t. Although steel gutters are quite often used but they start rusting generally after five years of installation when the paint breaks off. Aluminium rainwater gutters last for long and never rust. Gutters made up from aluminium normally lasts for about thirty years.

Cost

There is one more advantage of aluminium rainwater guttering system. They are easy on wallet. This means you don’t have to spend much buying gutters made from aluminium. They are in fact one of the cheapest kinds of gutters available in the market. Steel gutters cost about twenty dollars per foot whereas aluminium gutters cost between four to eight dollars per foot.

Installation

Besides being the cheapest option, aluminium rain gutters are also quite easy to install. Installation of copper and steel gutters needs the help of professionals because they require soldering of joints. However, aluminium rainwater gutters do not need soldering at the time of installation. Moreover, they are lightweight and thus can be shaped quite easily at the time of installation.

Leaking

Aluminium rain gutters don’t leak. Moreover, aluminium rainwater gutters are available in seamless designs. This means cutting makes them from a long piece of aluminium rather than by attaching some smaller aluminium pieces of together. Thus there are no joiners in seamless aluminium rainwater gutters and so there is no chance of leakage.

Colour

The last advantage of aluminium rain gutters is its colours. If you install a gutter that is made from aluminium you can choose from a wide variety of colours. Most of the types of gutters are available in limited variety of colours. Moreover, gutters made from steel are rather difficult to paint. However, if you are unable to find the colour that you are looking for, you can at least paint the aluminium gutter to a suitable colour that matches with your taste.

HEEL-TASTIC–The Real Plumber’s Helper

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You know the plumber that comes to your house to repair what your husband fixed?  Well, that’s my brother, Paul.  He used to complain about what his heavy rough leather work boots did to his feet, especially his heels.  He showed me his nasty feet one day…it wasn’t pretty.  It hurt me to look at the dry, cracked skin on his heels and the brewing infections!

A few weeks ago when I had caught up on my “honey-do’s”, I saw one of these AS SEEN ON TV ads for HEEL-TASTIC.  My work-in-the-yard boots rub my heels so that what isn’t rough and calloused is split. My feet were starting to look like my brother’s, except when his boots get soaked in nasty stuff, he gets really bad infections.  So when I happened to glance up and saw this HEEL-TASTIC balm, it got my attention.  With the economy the way it is, I figured I could try anything if I could get my money back if it didn’t work.  When I saw I could get a refund less shipping if I was unhappy with it, it sealed the deal.

I ordered.  It came quicker than I expected, and I began using it right away.  I liked that it rolled on, and I didn’t have to get any dainty smelling creme on my hands.  Paul liked that a bunch too.  He’s now using HEEL-TASTIC three or four times a day.   Once in the morning, when he stops for lunch, during the afternoon break and after clean-up at night.  It did take about a week before I noticed that it was working for me.

HEEL-TASTIC doesn’t just set on top of the skin, but the balm really does soak in.  They advertise that it’s anti-fungal and anti-bacterial.  Paul hasn’t had any of the sores that he used to get since he started using it, and both of our rough and calloused skin has begun to look normal again.  I guess the fancy oils it’s made of really do work.

So now, I’ve got my brother, his helper and my wife using HEEL-TASTIC.  For the price, you can’t go wrong.  It’s one of these 2 for 1 deals.  Buy one for 10 bucks, get one free with just an extra $6.99 shipping charge.  They throw in a bonus manicure type grooming kit that the little lady really likes.  I don’t know how HEEL-TASTIC works, but if it helps everyone like it’s helped us, it’s a great deal for a great product!

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Source by Uncle Al

Cesspools, Septic Tanks, Plumbers, and Plumbing History

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You wake up one radiant Saturday morning, looking forward to doing some gardening around your magnificent new Pre-Revolutionary Colonial home in tony Westchester.

You throw open the bay windows, taking in the expanse of benevolent blue skies, your magnificent garden bursting with Daffodils and Tiger Lilies, the wild ducks luxuriating just beyond in the shimmering pond, beneath a ring of White Oaks and Sugar Maples.

You take in a deep breath of fresh air –

Then, you’re rolling on your Persian rug, gagging uncontrollably…

The aroma of your splendid natural setting hits you with all the power and putrescence of a toxic waste dump.

What’s the problem?

This is Westchester. Not some 4th-world village with shallow roadside trenches filled with human excreta.

Then, you remember, just before purchasing your dream house, a friend suggested to check the condition of the septic tank.

What Is It?

A typical septic tank has a volume of 750-1500 gallons, and may be made of concrete, steel, or fiberglass. They are watertight chambers that promote the growth of anaerobic bacteria for the biological decomposition of sewage, and the separation of grease and organic particles from the wastewater. Septic tanks are constructed with baffles or sanitary tees to prevent the flow-through of floating solids, and to minimize the possibility of the raw sewage from leaving the tank, and disturbing the settled sludge and floating scum.

A septic system combines a septic tank and a leaching system. The leaching system may include leach lines, leach beds, or seepage pits. Drywells are another term for seepage pits, with the distinction being that they typically handle no sewage and simply re-direct storm water into the ground. Sometimes the term “cesspool” is used, but it’s actually archaic. There are a few cesspools manufactured, but they don’t permit the flow-through of septic tanks, and are only used for temporary purposes.

In terms of modern plumbing, waste from your home enters and exits the top portion of the buried septic tank. In the interim, the bacteria in the tank’s liquid environment do their work by breaking down solids into a liquid called effluent. Effluent exits the tank, next enters the leaching system, before finally seeping back into the ground.

When You Need a Plumber

If you begin detecting unwelcome odors, find yourself sinking into soggy and lushly green areas in your lawn, or suddenly discover a fetid backup in your sink, shower, or bathtub, the chances are your septic tank’s leaching system has failed.

Septic tanks can suffer structural damage or deteriorate over time. Most problems are created by blockages in the plumbing or leaching systems, or the pipe running between your home and the tank. Minor obstructions can be solved with household plumbing equipment, but serious ones require a plumber.

Over time, tree roots can also enter the drainpipes choking off the refuse. Also, the soil surrounding the leaching system can become clogged, and when all the sludge and scum is not periodically removed from the tank, they’re transported out into the absorption field.

Benefits

Aside from unclogging pipes, repairing leaching systems, or replacing severely damaged septic tanks, an experienced plumber will know how to find your tank if you don’t even know where it is.

Your general contractor should have provided you with a plot plan, indicating the septic system’s whereabouts. But if you’ve somehow lost or misplaced the records, and can’t obtain them from your city or county’s heath department, a savvy plumber will zone in on your septic tank by probing the ground with a metal rod to locate the pipeline. Or, he’ll follow the pipeline from the house by listening to the noise a metal snake making final contact with the tank inlet. Water probes are another method he might utilize to locate a tank that’s gone M.I.A.

Risks

Don’t buy a septic tank that’s too small for your house. Larger units have many advantages including longer detention times, permit better separation, and less carry-over of scum and sludge. These factors prolong the life of the subsurface leach lines, leach beds, and seepage pits. Yes, larger tanks are more expensive, but require less frequent cleaning, and allow for future home expansion.

Cess Pool History 101

The Romans were innovators in sewage control, most notably with the cloaca maxima, circa 800 BC. These open drains carried away storm water, but designed in such a way that the rains also flushed away piles of excrement and household rubbish thrown into the streets. These Roman sewer geniuses also developed the cesspool, the forerunner of a modern-day septic tank. Sewage flowed into a large stone vat, where heavy solids settled to the bottom, and lighter particles floated to the top. The partially cleaned liquid was drained into a river or the sea. The collected sludge was then used as fertilizer or buried.

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Source by Yodle

How to Get Rid of Moths the Easy and Effective Way

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While moths seem harmless enough, there are actually a couple of diseases instigated by these critters. Just like all flies and mosquitoes, they tend to visit very dirty places such as sewage, gutters and mouldy walls. They transfer the bacteria, germs, virus and other micro organisms they carry from these places into your food or your walls of your home. These micro organisms can trigger a number of illnesses.

There are also cases wherein moths and their caterpillars cause skin diseases. These creatures actually have very tiny spurs on their legs, especially the larger moths. If the moth happens to land on any part of your skin, some of the spurs in their legs will stay on your pores. This might sting or lead to a case of dermatitis.

Certain species of moths are also capable of biting your skin just like ants. If you hate ants and use ant killer, you should also consider ways on how to get rid of moths. Some moths are also a lot like fleas, in that some types of moths can even feed on human blood.

The spurs in the legs of moths might also cause allergic reactions. They can trigger the excessive production of histamine that might cause difficulty in breathing, enlargement of the tongue or tonsils, swelling of the skin and lips and even blisters. Eye infection caused by hair or spurs of moths might also be experienced when it gets in contact with the eyes.

If you go the extra mile in buying ant killer, you should also consider getting a good moth repellent. The most common moth repellent used by many is the mothball. They come in packs. However, not many people like the pungent odour of these mothballs. They certainly do not want to use them in keeping moths away from their clothes. While it does a good job in keeping moths away from clothes, they also tend to make the cabinet and the clothes smell bad.

To learn how to get rid of moths, you should consider consulting the professionals. If you are already dealing with an infestation in the attic or the bedroom, it should be left to the experts to prevent moths from coming back.

The thing is, treatments really depend on what they are feeding on and how large the affected areas are. For instance if you are getting rid of fleas, you have to go beyond the infected pet. Some of the most common treatments for infestations are fumigation, usage of smoke generators and usage of insecticides.

There is also the problem of the eggs. While adult moths can be easily killed with the use of insecticides, the eggs are a mite more resilient. They requires special insecticides that will be placed in the areas where the adult moths laid their eggs. After the initial infestation has been treated, you can proceed to the task of finding good quality moth repellents that you can stick to in order to prevent future infestations.

Just like when getting rid of fleas or buying ant killer, learning how to get rid of moths can take a lot of initial work. You have to first inspect signs of infestation and determine what species of moth has attacked your house. This way, you can really find good quality treatments that will do their job.

Just like when getting rid of fleas, make sure you also look for high quality moths pest control products. While there are many products and insecticides in the market, not all of them will really work for you.

One of the most preferred solutions for getting rid of moths is moth traps. They look like your ordinary fly trap. They are mostly used to get rid of pantry moths. To make the moth traps more effective, you can purchase pheromone squares which actively attract moths. So if you are having infestation in your pantry, this should be an ideal solution.

We cannot do anything to completely stop the existence of pests. There are many ways to control them by using ant killer pesticides or natural pest killers. Getting rid of fleas, moths and ants can be easier if you know what exactly you are dealing with. Especially with moths, you have to know what the species you are dealing with is, so you have a better idea on how to get rid of the moths.

Rain Gutters Detached From the Eaves? Two Screwy Ways to Reattach Them Permanently

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The problem

A recurring problem with the spike attached rain gutters is their sagging and pulling away from the boards they are nailed to. This problem must be repaired fairly quickly so the guttering will carry the rain water away from the house or building before any lack-of-drainage damage happens to it.

This problem happens most often to the seamless guttering that has been rapidly spike-nailed to its adjoining fascia boards and underlying rafter ends instead of being attached to them with wrap-around clamps or long screws. These so-called spike-nails, which are also guided through cylindrical spacer tubes (called ferrules) to keep the gutter width even, give the guttering a clean smooth appearance when its installation is done. However, over time this nail-to-wood attachment loosens under the varied weather conditions (dampness, ice, snow) and the weight of the rain water itself. The gutter then sags or pulls away from the eaves. Numerous ways to fix this problem have been suggested, everything from stuffing the spike holes with splinters of wood to using epoxy glue in them. However, two ways to fix this problem with long screws are listed below.

Fix 1 — replace the gutter spike-nail with a gutter screw.

A standard and straightforward fix is to replace the spike-nails with a gutter screws, which can be purchased in packages of 10 at local hardware stores for about $10. These gutter screws are the same 7″ length as the common spike-nails used on home guttering, but their threaded portion is slightly wider than the body of the spike itself. These screws have thin flat heads similar to those of the spike-nails. However, they will not take a typical screwdriver bit. Instead, they have sunken square sockets that must be turned with a square driver-bit that comes with the package. These sockets are also left unpainted so the driver-bit will fit into them properly. Thus, for a smooth final appearance, these sockets could need touch-up painting when the replacements are done.

Also, since the threaded portion of these gutter screws are only slightly thicker the spike-nails, they will not take secure bites into the fascia boards if the original spike holes are dry rotting or enlarged for any reason. For that reason, the gutter screws might not hold the guttering in place for long. These holes can be examined before purchasing the gutter screws. If they look soft or enlarged, the following alternate fix might be preferred to the gutter screw.

Fix 2 — replace the gutter spike-nail with a sizable lag-screw.

A second and possibly better fix is to replace the spikes with 5/16-to-3/8″ lag-screws that are the same lengths as the original spikes. For residential  guttering (4-5″ wide) that length is about 7″. For large barns, warehouses, and certain commercial buildings having larger guttering (6-7″) that length will be close to the length of the original spikes used on that guttering, about 8″ or so. These relatively thick and sturdy threaded lag-screws will take secure bites into the fascia-board holes even if they are slightly worn. These lag-screws will also fit through the original ferrule spacers fairly well, and they are easily screwed into place with ordinary ratchets or wrenches. Lag-screws of all lengths can be obtained at hardware stores.

Generally, the functionality of the larger (6-7″) gutters is more important than their having final smooth appearances. Thus, the raised hexagonal head shapes of the installed unpainted lag-screws is not an issue most of the time. Still, they can be touched-up with matching paint if desired after the gutter reattachment is done.

10 Maintenance Tips to Keep Your Septic System Running Smoothly

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Correct Maintenance of your on-site Septic is the key to keeping your system running smoothly. Although Septic Systems should last between 20-30 years, neglecting regular maintenance on your system could result in early deterioration of your septic and drainfield systems, and lead to expensive repair or replacement costs much earlier in your Septic System’s lifetime.

Think of your septic system as a vehicle. With regular maintenance, fluid changes and system checks on your car, it could have a lifetime of 20-30 years. The same can be said about your septic system. Regular Maintenance and Inspections will catch problems early in their stages, and allow you to fix those problems before they lead to a system failure, potentially saving you thousands of dollars in replacement cost. Here are ten maintenance tips to keep your OSS running smoothly for years to come.

1. Have your Septic System pumped regularly.

The average home will need to have the septic tank pumped out every three to five years. Without regular system pumping, solids could overload the Septic tank(s) and sludge could leach into the drainfield. Drainfield effluent should be clear of these solids to keep the system running cleanly.

2. Divert all access runoff away from your septic tank.

All gutters and drainpipes should be directed away from your Septic Tank(s) and Drain Fields. By diverting all access runoff away from your system, you are allowing the septic to treat the waste and greywater it was meant to treat effectively. If you allow this runoff to enter the system, your septic could become hydronically overloaded, allowing the drainfield to become oversaturated and not do it’s job properly.

3. Make sure all access lids and ports are sealed tight.

Quite often, water can penetrate poorly sealed lids and ports and cause problems in your septic system. When water gets into these cracks and crevaces it can hydrolically overload your septic system and cause the drainfield to become oversaturated. This is often more of a problem with pressure type systems. It causes pumps to run constantly, overworking the pump and wasting energy and money.

4. Have your Septic System inspected routinely.

The State of Washington currently requires all homeowners to have their Septic System tested every year for all types of systems, except for Gravity feed systems, which need to be inspected every three years. By having your system inspected regularly you will be able to diagnose and fix problems early before they become failures.

5. Have the proper drawings and sitemaps for your system.

When your septic system is installed, there should be a site map, or plot map drawing showing all of the components of your septic system. By having this handy you can eliminate having to guess where your septic tank, pump tanks, transport lines, or Drainfields are located in case of an emergency that needs immediate attention. If you don’t have a site map or there is not one on record with your health department, it would be wise to have Septic Designer/Architect create one for you.

6. Do not cover or obstruct the System in any way.

Do not cover or obstruct the Septic System components or Drainfield with any Asphalt, Concrete, Decks, Framing or Structures that would impede you from accessing these areas. Keep vehicles off your septic system. Their pressure can yield damage to the pipes and tank, and your system may not drain properly under compacted soil. If you need to replace any of these components in the future it will be difficult to access them with any of the before mentioned items obstructing them.

7. Don’t introduce Septic tank additives or “rejuvenators” in your septic tank.

Whether they claim to break up sludge or scum or to unclog drain fields, or biologically-based septic additives like septic tank yeast cultures, septic tank bacteria, starter bacteria, or septic tank enzymes. These can actually damage your system, causing frothing and excessive activity and thus preventing normal settling of solid wastes. Check with your local health department or authority if you are considering introducing additives.

8. Do not flush any items other than septage or toilet tissues.

By using your toilet as a trash receptacle you are introducing unacceptable items, some which will never decompose or chock inlets/outlets, and will require constant pumping of the septic tank. Limit the use of toilet bowl and drain cleaners because they are harmful to the friendly bacteria that aid in the decomposition of the solids in the septic tank. Do not use a sink disposal unit if you are on a septic system. While those units grind up waste foods, most septic systems are not designed or capable of dealing with such undigested solids.

9. Refrain from using heavy oils or cleaners.

Never dump cooking oil or grease or such oily substances in sinks or toilets. As these substances float on water, they pose a threat of clogging the inlet pipes by filling up upper part of septic tank. This oil can also transfer into the transport pipes, solidify, and cause excessive buildup that can cause blockage of the drainfield.

10. Do not plant large vegetation over your Drainfield.

Do not plant any trees or large shrubs over the septic area, drainpipes or drainfield/leachfields. The roots from these plants will eventually grow into the drain lines and obstruct or damage them. Grasses or small plants are OK, as long as the root system is shallow and will not impede or block drain lines.

By following these 10 tips and Maintenance techniques your Septic System should last for many years to come!

The Dos and Don’ts of Upgrades

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When it comes to optioning the house, the primary question an investor should be asking themselves upon an acquisition is whether or not the option selected will contribute to the sell-ability of the house, relative to the actual cost. Obviously, there’s a point of diminishing return if one builds a Taj Mahal in a land of tract homes. Despite the urge to go all out and deck the place to the tee, please resist the temptation. Doing so will only cut down on your return. This is particularly important given the fact that since it is an investment, an investment with an unknown value, it isn’t prudent to put some of the potential gain at risk by purchasing unnecessary design upgrades that aren’t critical.

More often than not, homebuilders are aware of this vulnerability. This is more then ever true for investors, for whom they will provide a glut of options and upgrades that are grossly marked up. This type of financial exploitation provides an income stream that is indispensable to many homebuilders, such as KB Home, who are notorious for their exuberant cost upgrades and options. This system is so elaborate that their design department is a whole corporation of its own-which is known as KB Home Studio and rivals that of most high-end design centers. Not only are these stand-alone profit centers, KB Home has a separate business unit with senior vice presidents, AVPs, regional heads, etc., to take care of this organizational monster. The great thing about this apparatus is that it offers a plethora of design upgrades and options that are really top-shelf. The only problem is that you usually have to pay an arm and a leg to get these wonderful amenities.

To relate a story, the first time I went through a KB Home Studio, it was baptism by fire. I spent over eight hours in the design center, split over two days. At $35,000 plus in upgrades, I estimated that it cost me about $4,300 an hour to shop in their design center. You can see why I was happy to get out of there. Keep in mind also, that you may be required to pay a fraction of the upgrade costs in the form of a deposit soon after selection. This is almost a certainty and industry standard. On average, the deposit amount runs 25 percent to 50 percent and are usually nonrefundable. The consequence of this deposit requirement is apparent, in that it makes it more difficult, especially as an investor, to walk away from a transaction.

In spite of the latter, you can see on a pure convenience factor, it’s hard not to like that a homebuilder can offer you lots of options. Having the “convenience factor” available is all good and well; however, it becomes somewhat of an entrapment issue when the builder offers a plain vanilla box without any or few upgrades. In these cases, sometimes builders will only go to “code”-meaning, only providing what is necessary to have the local housing department or building and safety, at the city or the county level sign off on the property and give it a certificate of occupancy. This for instance, may mean no rain gutters, no landscaping in the front or back, unfinished garages, which typically consist of drywall with a coat of primer, or an unfinished garage consisting of the latter but with exposed 2×4 studs, sheetrock, chicken wire and black installation coversheet. Other more obvious “standards” include all vinyl flooring and small 4×4 white tile for the kitchen countertops, or cheap laminate for that matter. To top it all off, in terms of complete ugly-fication, you might get the builders’ special quarter-inch clustered marble countertops in the bathroom.

There’s a reason why even home design centers at Home Depot or Lowe’s highlight these amenities, and that’s because they’re cheap and nobody really wants them. Consequently, many homebuilders offer the standards in order to eek out as much money as possible out of each home they build. As a result, a new homeowner and/or investor is essentially forced into buying options and various upgrades in order to avoid the home looking like a plain Jane. Having too much of a plain Jane can actually hurt a home’s value. As an investor, it’s up to you to define the balance without overspending on a new tract flip. That’s the nature of making a business decision: you have to use your judgment. I’ve seen some homes that were literally destroyed from the inside out given the extreme lack of appeal that permeated the house as a result of no upgrades. As an example, spending an additional $4,000 to $6,000 on upgraded floorways and kitchen countertops is probably well advised. Most carpeting, even if it doesn’t have stain guard, should be adequate for most homes. Don’t be pressured into upgrading into a thicker padding for the carpet. Just go with the standard one-quarter inch, since most builders will try to get an extra $700 to $1,200, if not more, added to the cost of the house just for upgraded padding.

Advantages and Disadvantages of the Main Types of Bike Racks in the Market

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There are three main types of bike carriers; hitch mounted, strap on and roof mounted. Each comes with its own set of advantages and disadvantages.

Hitch-mounted racks

These attach to a hitch at the back of the vehicle. There are two types.

• Class I carriers are compatible with a large number of cars and small Sports Utility Vehicles (SUVs). Depending on the design, they can hold up to three bikes.

• Class III carriers are designed for use with pickups and large SUVs. They can hold a larger number of bikes than Class I racks. Unfortunately, they cannot be used on smaller vehicles without expensive modifications.

These carriers are extremely easy to install, and there is generally less chance of accidentally scratching the paint off a vehicle while mounting bikes.

However, without proper installation, they can block rear windows, increasing the possibility of causing accidents while reversing, or cover license plates, which is considered illegal in many jurisdictions.

Strap-on trunk-mounted racks

These carriers are attached with straps to the trunk, rear bumper or hatchback, and carry up to three bicycles. They come with padded or plastic-coated frame supports to protect the bicycles from scratches and other damage.

Strap on racks are cheap and easy to store when not in use. They are also versatile, and can be used on virtually any model, which makes them particularly suitable for leased vehicles.

Unfortunately, like hitch-mounted racks, they can block the rear window if installed poorly. They are also less secure, as it is possible for thieves to untie or cut straps attaching bike racks to the vehicle.

Roof-mounted racks

These are attached to the vehicle’s upper door frames or rain gutters, or where available, cross bars or roof racks, which is generally cheaper. Depending on the size of the vehicle, up to seven bicycles can be carried. A special case can be added if extra storage space for tools and other equipment is needed. When it is not being used for holding bikes, the rack can be also used for carrying canoes and skis.

While roof-mounted racks guarantee unobstructed view from the rear window, they are more difficult to install. Other disadvantages include increased air resistance, which can lead to increased fuel consumption and wind noise, and the increased likelihood of scratching paint as bikes are lifted onto the vehicle roof.

Knowing the advantages and disadvantages of the main types of bike racks on the market can make it easier to figure out which one to pick.

Basic Plumber Tools To Keep Around

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You never know what kind of emergency might pop up unexpectedly around the house. That’s why everyone has some basic tools in the home to be prepared. For the same reason, it is important to keep around some basic plumber tools for any of those minor repairs you may need to do. You don’t have to be an expert on plumbing, but you need to know basic repairs to at least hold off until the expert shows up.

Items To Keep In Your Plumber Tools Kit

The most commonly used of the plumber tools are the water-pump pliers. Sometimes these are also called plumber’s pliers or even channel-lock pliers. The serrated teeth on the pliers help you hold on tight to the pipe. The are necessary because any other tool would make it near impossible to hold on well to the pipe.

Another of the plumber tools that needs to be available is the adjustable open-end wrench. This tool can sometimes be all you need when there is a leak, because the problem could just be a loose nut-bolt. So the job of the adjustable open-end wrench is to tighten any loose nut-bolts. Since the nut-bolts can be various sizes, you will need a few different sizes of the adjustable open-end wrench to accommodate them.

Tightening the pipe can be done using a pipe wrench. Keeping this with your plumber tools is nice because the pipe wrench can place a lot of pressure on the pipe without changing the pipe’s shape. Without this tool, you could end up damaging the pipe and creating an even bigger problem. Since one of the main reasons for owning plumber tools is to save money by doing it yourself, making a bigger mess would defeat the purpose and cause you to pay a lot for someone to come in and make repairs.

If you have ever tried to loosen or tighten nuts and bolts under a sink, you know how difficult it can be. That’s why you will need to add a basin wrench to your plumber tools. The basin wrench makes it easier to loosen and tighten nuts and bolts because of its convenient shape.

If you are looking to do more than minor repairs, you will want to consider having a pipe cutter, reaper, and emery cloth in the mix of your plumber tools. A pipe cutter can make precise cuts in the pipe, while a reamer can get rid of the residue in the pipe. Then you can use the emery cloth to clean the pipe. Just make sure that if you plan to do these repairs, you follow directions to the letter and follow all safety rules.

Other helpful things to add to the plumber tools kit are washers, threads, pipe cleaning tools, joint compound, Teflon tape, nuts and bolts, etc. After you have combined all the plumber tools mentioned in this article, you will have spend about $100-200. This isn’t bad for a home owner, especially considering the money you can save by doing your own repairs.

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Source by Mike Walker

How to Eliminate Cockroaches From Your Home

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Cockroaches survive in dirty humid areas and are commonly found in apartments and dorms. Hiring an expert exterminator is often a good option, but there are steps you can take into your own hands for household pest control. Household bug control might be very difficult when it comes to killing cockroaches, therefore preventative methods ought to be taken before they infest your home.

Follow the common sense methods below for pest control management to avoid an infestation of roaches.

Keep Trashcans, Drains and Counters Clean

Roaches always like to hide in the daytime, and make their appearance during the night time. Frequently spotted in the kitchen, they are attracted to food left out on the kitchen counter, trash receptacles, sinks as well as old filth. Make it a priority to keep all of these places be very clean.

Put Remaining Meals Away to Avoid Cockroach Infestation

Place uneaten meals inside the refrigerator, cabinets or inside the garbage. Dump any waste and clear your kitchen sink of filthy dishes regularly. Run the kitchen sink garbage disposal frequently to remove food residue.

Sprinkling the kitchen sink and the garbage disposal with baking soda gets rid of lingering smells which often appeal to roaches. You can ask the pest exterminators to spray outdoor garbage receptacles during pest elimination visits. In between pest elimination visits, employ organic pest control treatments.

Seal Places that Cockroaches can Enter for Household Pest Control

Roaches frequently come in through places wherever there is moisture, have an exterminator or possibly a handy person investigate regions in the home around all drains, dish washers, toilets, tubs as well as run offs from gutters for access points. Close off all possible areas where a cockroach might be able to enter.

If you do have a pest management company come to your home, request for them to use chemicals outdoors that are not harmful to animals or kids.

In case you are residing in an apartment or dorm, it can be very difficult to permanently get rid of cockroaches mainly because you would need to have confidence in other people’s living habits. It is very possible to reduce the occurrence of these annoying pests and keep your apartment or dorm free from roaches. You just have to be persistent in keeping things clean and regularly make use of the above mentioned tips.

GREEN PLUMBING

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Gallons of water are being washed down the drain with each passing day. Green plumbing is an initiative on the consumers’ part to design and execute a plumbing layout that stops incessant wastage of water and energy. Green plumbing is when the residential plumbing layouts and designs offer maximum efficiency and bare minimum wastage of energy. It has suddenly become a rage these days; people are switching to green plumbing and making a conscious effort to save water.

The plumbers are being trained and imparted with special skills to cope up with the growing fad. Green plumbers help people with their home improvement and plumbing layouts in order to eliminate unnecessary wastage with minor changes in the traditional plumbing designs. There is wide array of techniques that green plumbers implement, put you on the right path to reap in huge benefits.

There are many companies offering green plumbing services. An extensive research about companies and their services is very crucial. It is fairly easy to get in touch with a green plumber or a company that provides the services through their websites and contact information.

The various techniques can be implemented in residential areas as well as commercial properties. These include changing the traditional fixtures and faucets to water saving fixtures, energy saving water heaters and remodeling the plumbing layout according to green plumbing guidelines. Some of the basic methods to apply green plumbing are:

Water Saving, Energy Efficient Plumbing Products

  • Toilets
  • Sink and Showers
  • Water Heaters
  • Hot water re-circulating
  • Rain sensors

Energy saving products with EPA star rating is a favorable option. There is wide assortment to choose the equipments depending on their viability and considering the budget.

Toilets: there are many types of green plumbing solutions for toilets.  Composting- this type of toilet does not require any sewage disposal system instead it decomposes the waste products into useful fertilizers and manures. There are many odorless and waterless models available for this type. Low flow, dual flush toilets- this type of system is a significant water saver. The dual flush mechanism allows you to choose the amount of water required for the waste. Waterless urinals- they are the latest products for green plumbing allowing an odor-free and waterless disposal of waste products.

Sink and showers: depending on the practicability. Low-flow aerators are efficient devices to save water without compromising on the pressure. They can be directly fitted on the faucet head and help control the water flow. Low-flow showerheads are also based on control flow technology to manage the water flow and considerably save on water consumption. The non-aerating spray can save energy due to less heating time. The more recent Sensor operated faucets allow contactless water flow and help in conservation to a significant limit.

Water Heaters: form a crucial part of green plumbing equipments majorly because they help conserve water as well as energy. Tank-less or instantaneous heaters can be directed to obtain hot water without storing in a tank that ultimately led to high-energy consumption in traditional tank heaters. Solar water heaters can be used instead of power heaters to make use of renewable sources of energy. There are many efficient and affordable solar water heaters available in the market nowadays.

Other methods that green plumbers can help you install in your home and office are:  Hot water re-circulating pump systems to circulate hot water all throughout the premises in pipes without wasting energy and decreasing the waiting time for hot water. Rain sensors – have the ability to detect the water requirement after rainwater has supplied the required watering.

The fast depleting, precious natural resources certainly call for a watchful usage and maximum conservation for the generations to come. Thus, such initiatives are undoubtedly the need of the hour.

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Source by WES HAMILTON

9 Tips to Get Rid of Pests

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Pests need three things to survive in a home or office: water, food and harborage. And if they don’t get any of the three elements, they will move to some other place in order to survive. At times, it is not possible to remove any of the three things. If you have a pest problem, you can use the following tips to get rid of them.

Examine the roofs

First of all, you should examine your roofs and make sure they don’t have any leakage problem. Moreover, the downspouts and gutters should be functional and the pipes should take the water away from the base of your house.

Prune the trees and bushes

If you have trees and bushes around your house, make sure you prune them on a regular basis. No branch of the tree should touch your porches, exterior walls, carports, garage or outbuildings.

The crawlspace

Your foundation or crawlspace should have no water standing around it. Oftentimes, the crawlspace is a bit lower than the exterior grade around it. As a result, the water collects in it. All you have to do is fix the exterior drainage. Alternatively, you can get a French drain as well.

The Foundation Vents

Another thing that you need to inspect is the foundation vents. They should be secure and working properly for ventilation. In the crawlspace, if the ground is damp, you can put a vapor barrier in order to minimize the airborne moisture. Aside from this, make sure that the crawlspace doors and windows are tightly shut.

Don’t Store the building material

If you want to get rid of pests, make sure you don’t store or stack building material or firewood around your house foundation. Actually, these things will feed pests and provide harborage for them.

Unused containers

You should check each of the unused boxes, containers and pots around your house. If you find water in them, make sure you empty them or put them somewhere else.

Garbage containers

If you have some garbage containers, you should latch them and then put them a few meters away from your house. Make it a habit to clean your house regularly and dump the garbage.

Food leftover

Make sure there is no food leftover or debris in your kitchen or other places. You should rinse and clean all utensils, such as pans and pots on a daily basis. Aside from this, for food storage, you should use refrigerator and plastic containers. The food should not be lying around all over your house or you will see tons of pests in your house. On top of this, the pests will grow at a rapid rate.

Pest control professionals

Lastly, if you are unable to deal with the pests in your house, you should get in touch with a pest control professional. Make sure you hire only a certified pest control company. They will do a thorough inspection of your house and perform the necessary procedures to eliminate the pests.

So, these are 9 tips that may help you get rid of the pests in your house. Make sure you get your premises inspected on a yearly basis.

Plumbing Training

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Plumbing training courses are ideal for all who want to start a new career or even if you just want to brush up on your current skills, they suit anyone. But plumbing course will require dedication and the motivation to work hard and achieve the levels required to become an industry recognized plumber. If you want to under go an intensive couple of weeks being taught everything to know about plumbing then a plumbing training course is the best option to go for. This is the fact that plumbing training courses are the quickest way for you to learn to become a professional plumber.

If you are interested for the plumbing training at the trade institute which is too expensive and probably not worth paying that much money to attend, you should reconsider it.

First of all confirm by keeping in mind about these facts that they may be plumbers who are either in the middle of their training or have finished their training and are working for other plumbing companies or companies which are related to plumbing. Plumbers are generally paying overhead costs of the business and there are usually people working under them, so it is not as great as it seems.

There is training in many parts of the world that are giving up their own professions and are signing in for plumbing training courses. Plumbing career is becoming a profitable in many countries, and thus, this is an occurrence, which can be seen in many parts of the world. The possible reason for this phenomenon might be the shortage of plumbers in the world, as the demand for plumbers is always more than the supply.

Plumbing is not a simple job, which everyone can handle even though the money can be great. You should be able to deal with a lot of stuff and it is definitely not a glamorous job. In this job plumbers have to generally deal with human excrement because they have to clear clogged pipes and toilets.

As there are many people wanting to train as plumbers, plumbing training institute are being set up in thousands in order to cash in on the phenomenon. Plumbers who have been working in this trade for many years are now teaching new plumbing students through intensive plumbing training courses so that the students will soon be able to employ themselves and earn good money.

Many kinds of plumbing training courses are available. Here are the intensive plumbing courses, which are shorter, and some are long courses, which are suitable for those students who want to learn at a steady pace and do not want to be rushed into learning plumbing skills in a fast-paced course. After completing the training, you will get the same qualifications at the end of the course; only it will be easier than and not as taxing as the intensive course. If you want training as a plumber, you should get enrolled in a plumbing training course now so that you can enter in the trade very soon.

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Source by Daniel Peden

Waterproof a Basement: Do It Yourself Tips, and What NOT to Do

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Two things to do BEFORE you spend money – Thing One: Check your downspouts and gutters. A clogged gutter or broken downspout can be the downfall of any basement. Imagine pointing a fire hose at your basement wall… yes, it’s that bad. Make sure your downspout is leading about 5-10 feet away from the home and past the point that your grade slopes down. If you can’t stand the look of it, grab your strongest child, grab a shovel, and have them bury it; because taking it off isn’t an option. Thing Two: Check your grade. If your landscaping is sloping toward your house (even in one area) all the storm water is going to head right to it and form a puddle against your foundation… even if the wind is blowing the other way. Don’t believe me? Ask Murphy. If you have a problem with the sidewalk or driveway sloping in, there is a process called “Slab jacking” that will raise these areas by pumping material beneath them.

Still getting water? Alright, well then it’s time to call in the pros. There are two ways that water can get into a basement (and I’m not including a leaky water pipe). The first thing you have to do is determine, “Where is that damn water coming from!?!” Your two options: Through the wall or through the floor. If you have no Irish blood, it could be entering from both. Sometimes it is easy to distinguish, but SOMETIMES it’s coming in right from where the floor and the wall meet and gets a little tricky. Go downstairs during a rainstorm and watch it enter. Look for water signs or significant moisture on the wall, or on the floor. Keep in mind, if a puddle forms on the floor, it doesn’t necessarily mean that’s where it’s coming from (You’d be surprised… )

If it’s coming in through the wall, count your blessings, well kind of. Don’t get me wrong, it still stinks, but your fix is a lot less expensive and doesn’t require tearing up your concrete floor. If it’s coming in through your floor, well, keep religion out of it.

Wall Water/Moisture- about 90% of people with problems (this percentage is not based on any actual statistics, just my experience)

Sometimes, it’s been there since you moved in 10 years ago and you’re just sick of the puddle on the floor. Sometimes, it just randomly and incomprehensibly sprang up, like Katy Perry’s fame. Either way, it’s time to put an end to it (we’re back to talking about wall water… I think)

Wall Moisture: If you have nothing but a tiny bit of moisture resulting in a musty smell, FIX IT YOURSELF. There is no point in spending thousands of dollars to have a waterproofing sales rep come out and sell you something you don’t need. Grab a bucket of oil based drylock paint from your closest Lowe’s, Menards, or Home Depot store and apply a thick coat to the wall.

Wall Crack / Wall Water: There are a couple ways to solve this, depending on how severe the problem. One way is to use the aforementioned oil based drylock paint. But keep in mind, this is still “Paint.” It will hold back water through a couple heavy storms, if you’re lucky. Some companies recommend an “Epoxy Injection,” and they work really well… for about 7 years. The problem with epoxy is that it crystalizes, and as changing weather temperatures cause it to expand and contract, it will crack again and you’ll be left with the same headache. Even worse if you finished your basement and have to tear down the drywall and expose moldy insulation. Another “solution” is excavating the entire outside wall and apply a tar coating along the foundation. This thin coating crystalizes in about 5 years and you have to do the whole thing again. “But wait a second, this is the 21st century and that sounds inefficient and ignorant.” Yes, it is. But some people still do it, new construction companies especially- It’s cheap and outlasts their warranty on the house. My favorite way is with Bentonite clay (Dr. Seuss look out.) Bentonite clay is one of the oldest products on the market and has been used on structures like the hoover dam and when oil rig drillers run into an underground lake. The way Bentonite works is that it absorbs as much water as it can handle, then rejects the rest. For example: a thin layer is spread on the bottom of man-made lakes to keep the water from seeping into the ground. Now take this principal, flip it, then stick it on the outside of your wall. It creates a waterproof membrane barrier that blocks the water. The best part is that it can be injected into the wall outside your foundation through rods the size of a silver dollar, going every couple feet along the outside… That’s right, it doesn’t require digging. Other perks: it stops water from entering the wall on the OUTSIDE, helping to increase the longevity of the wall; it never completely crystalizes so you won’t have a problem 5 years down the road; it helps block radon; it will re-flexible-ize (yeah, yeah, I know) every time water hits it, so it will actually embed itself into any future cracks that would potentially create a problem. The process is called a “Bentonite clay injection.” Unfortunately, there aren’t a lot of companies around that do it because the equipment is so expensive and it can require a second application if there are large voids under the soil; which involves the company paying for labor, gas, and material costs twice (The homeowner usually only pays for the initial treatment and the rest are under warranty.)

Hydrostatic Pressure (Water coming up from the ground) – The unlucky 10%

When it comes to hydrostatic pressure, there is only one way to solve it. A drain tile system. Whether this an interior or exterior system, there is one thing to keep in mind: They are all the same. Every company will try to sell you on how their system is better, but at the end of the day, it’s just a pipe put underground that leads into a sump pump or drainage field. This system is not ideal because it involves cutting into your floor. Ultimately, you are jeopardizing the strength of your foundation. It’s not like your house is going to collapse or anything, but it should be avoided if possible.

So how do you choose a company? The only thing to base this on is online reviews and length of time in business. Keep in mind, every company will have a poor review from some homeowner who called them out at twelve at night when a pipe in their ceiling was leaking and got mad for having to pay a service charge, but for the most part these are pretty reliable. Length of time in business is crucial because the average waterproofing company only lasts for about 15 years. What happens if you try to sell your house and they have closed (voiding the warranty), or they go out of business and you develop a minor problem that would be an easy fix but ends up costing you $2500. Exactly… spend a little more now and hang on to the reputable company.

Pros and Cons of Aluminum Carport and Patio Covers

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Aluminum carports and patio covers have become a popular and attractive home improvement. The product itself has been in use for years. As a light weight and durable material, aluminum can be a great alternative to stick built or steel structures. Features, colors, and styles have evolved over the years to give homeowners many choices. Today we will discuss the advantages and disadvantages of these popular aluminum structures.

Advantages:

1) Durability – My parents have been living in the same house for over 30 years. Their patio cover was installed in the late 1960s, and is still standing and functional. This product will stand the test of time with little more than a cleaning once a year. Most companies engineer their units to withstand wind and snow loads. As a result, baring natural weather disasters, your patio cover or carport should give you years of use.

2) Attractive – As stated above with a little maintenance your carport or patio cover will stay looking good for years. The aluminum pans will never rust. There are a variety of colors to choose from and several styles of framework that should satisfy any homeowner.

3) Structural simplicity – Because of the light weight nature of aluminum, a patio cover can be attached directly to your patio slab, and carports can be attached directly to your driveway. Also attachment to the house requires minimal anchoring. Note: some areas may require posts to be set in concrete, check with the codes department in your area. One of the best advantages of Aluminum structures is the minimum fall required for installation. Aluminum carports and patio covers require only ¼” of fall /ft. spanned. A shingled roof requires a minimum of 4″ of fall /ft spanned, which often creates problems with head room on the outside.

4) Functionality – Very few home improvement projects can provide the quality usefulness that an aluminum patio cover or carport can. Patio covers over decks and patios offer escape from direct sun and weather, and can make them much more useful and enjoyable. Aluminum carports (free standing or attached) can provide great shelter for your vehicles when a garage is not available .

Disadvantages

1) Bird Nests – The W-pan aluminum is notorious for attracting birds. There are several plugs that manufacturers offer and it is highly recommended you insist on these at the time of installation. They do add cost but will save you from the endless hassle of cleaning out the pans.

2) Trees – All Aluminum carports and patio covers come with built in gutters and downspouts, in the fall if you live in a wooded area leaves are a constant problem. Since aluminum structures do not require as much slope on the roof, leaves and debris is much more likely to accumulate. The most common problem I see is where this accumulation of leaves is left unattended, stopping up gutters, backing up water and ultimately causing the panels to bow and leak.

3) Rust on framework – Most aluminum patio covers and carports are installed with steel bar joists, and posts, and while painted before installation, the natural exposure to the elements will eventually cause the parts to show rust (especially at ground contact)

4) Hail – The single most, problem with aluminum carports and patio covers is hail. We replace several of these each year. Because of the light weight nature of aluminum a hail storm can leave small unattractive dings in the panels. Most homeowners insurance cover this and in most cases if hail is hard enough you will have other damage to your home

As a contractor for many years, I have learned to appreciate the functional beauty of aluminum carports and patio covers. The advantages of these products far out weigh the disadvantages. Almost all the disadvantages can be prevented with simple maintenance.

9 Things To Do When Your Roof Leaks

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Springtime storms can bring a lot of rain, which can reveal roof leaks. What should you do when an April shower finds its way into your living room?

First, control the interior damage as quickly as possible.

Move any items that have not yet become soaked. If furniture or other items cannot be moved, cover them with plastic sheets to protect them from the water. Collect dripping water in a leak proof container and make sure the container is on a solid surface.

Remove the water.

Begin to dry up water that has soaked into carpet and furniture. For carpeting that has become wet, you may need to pull the carpet away from the padding. Expose the backing to air and allow it to dry. This will also give the padding underneath a chance to dry, and reduce the chance that mold will grow. Circulate as much fresh air as possible around the affected areas.

Call your insurance agent.

If your living space has sustained a considerable amount of damage, call your insurance agent. Your policy may or may not cover damage to the interior from a roof leak. Do not wait to call the agent. They can usually inspect the damage within hours of your call and help you get started on the process of cleaning up or replacing your damaged contents.

Inspect the roof, inside and out.

As soon as possible, check the roof for obvious sources of standing or pooling water. Make sure the valleys, gutters and downspouts are clear of debris and allow the water to move freely off the roof and away from the house. Inspect the roofing materials. Make sure all parts of the underlying roof are covered with shingles, and that the water barrier is not exposed in any way. Keep in mind that the water’s point of entry into the living space may not be directly below the roof leak. Roof leaks can “travel” so inspect the entire region of the leak carefully. You may also find it useful to inspect the roof from the attic space above the living quarters. That may provide a better indication of how the water is entering the structure.

Clear the gutters and downspouts.

Remove any obvious blockages and clear the downspouts if they are clogged. You can often do this with a garden hose. If the downspout is clogged, and it cannot be cleared with a hose, you may have to remove the downspout from the gutter and clear it by inverting the downspout or using a broom handle or other long object to push the debris out of the pipe. When it is clear, reattach it to the gutter and direct the water away from the foundation.

Inspect the flashing.

Some roof leaks are not the result of clogged gutters or downspouts. Instead, leaks occur where the roofing material is worn or damaged. In other cases, the flashing around chimneys, vents, or roof projections is damaged and allows water into the structure below. Inspect the flashing, where chimneys, dormers, vents and other attachments abut the roof. If the flashing is in poor condition, it may need to be replaced. If the sealing around the flashing is damaged, a generous application of roof tar may plug the leak.

Look for hidden damage.

Roof leaks often develop over time, so water may collect unnoticed for some time before it enters the living space. When you inspect the attic, check for any hidden damage that the leak may have caused. Look for wet spots on the roof planks or panels, discolored wood, damaged OSB panels, strange odors and dirt on the insulation. Check the interior for bulges in the ceilings and walls, peeling paint, and badly cracked plaster or wallboard. All of these are signs that something may not be right in your attic or walls.

Check for pests.

Ants and other water-loving pests will find wet wood a very attractive place to build a nest. If you experience a sudden invasion of ants, powder post beetles, pill bugs, sow bugs, earwigs or other water-loving pests, immediately look for wet wood. An exterminator can rid your house of these pests, but the only way to make sure they stay away is to remove the wet wood and remediate the problem.

Call a licensed roofing contractor.

If your inspection reveals a lot of water damage, or an old roof that simply needs replacement, and if you aren’t up to replacing it yourself, call a licensed roofing contractor to repair or replace your roof. Simply re-shingling the roof will not repair most roof leaks. If the roof is leaking, the most likely cause is a breakdown of the waterproofing layer underneath the shingles. In that case, all old shingles should be torn off, and the water proofing layer, along with the shingles, should be replaced.

Re-roofing can be expensive, so be sure to get several estimates from different contractors before selecting someone to do the work. Verify that the contractor you choose is licensed, has insurance and will apply for the proper municipal permits to do the work. Do not allow the contractor to begin work on the house if permits have not been issued and make sure the contractor replaces all of the damaged wood prior to re-roofing the house. After the roof work is complete, ask the contractor to go over proper roof maintenance with you, and be sure to get a final inspection from your municipal housing authority.

SEO – the Basics You Should Know

What is it?

SEO is a carefully created method of improving the probability of your web page appearing on the results page of a search engine query. The nearer the top of the search engine results page your web site appears, the more likely that searchers will click on your web site link and go on to purchase the product or service you represent. You can perform search engine optimization yourself, or hire an expert to do it for you. There are approved ways to improve your standing and ways that can get you banned. It’s important that you do the optimization correctly to avoid getting your web site shut down.

Who needs it?

Any small business owner with products or services advertised online should make the effort to optimize their web site so as to achieve the best results when the search engine spiders visit your site. There are SEO algorithms that are used that are generally proprietary and different search engines look for different components in order to determine the rank of the specific web page. Naturally, each web site owner wants to achieve the highest possible page ranking for the products or services that are displayed on the web site. Getting your page ranking as near to the top of the search results as possible gives you more web browsers seeing your link.

How to get the best results

The best results for SEO is to determine the specific algorithm used by a particular search engine and write your web site to use the best possible mix of keywords, links, and placement so as to improve your ranking. Attention should be paid to using the keywords or keyword phrases correctly. Not only the number of times they are used, but in what context they are used. Even the placement of keywords on the page is important for best results. Another factor that is important is that of links to other web pages.

How does SERP apply?

SEO best results are returned on the SERP or Search Engine Results Page. When a searcher on the internet uses terms in a search engine query box, the search engine returns results on a page called the Search Engine Results Page. This can be a few links up to thousands of links, but few searchers look beyond the first page or two of results, since the results often are less relevant as you move further down the page. The ranking of your web page up toward the top of the list is what can increase your sales significantly.

Page rankings

Page rankings are the somewhat arbitrary number assigned to web pages based on the SEO results identified by the search engine spiders or robots. Each major search engine relies on a different algorithm for ranking, although there are similarities between the three major search engines, MSN. Yahoo and Google. The goal of search engine optimization techniques is to have the web page appearing on the first page of search results for the specific query.

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How to Start a Foreclosure Cleanup and Property Preservation Company

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A new article on June 3, 2009 from MSN Money writer Michael Brush indicates that there is a third wave of foreclosures still to come from prime borrowers (i.e. those previously “safe-borrowers” with sound credit and fixed-rate mortgages) as a result of job losses thanks to the worsening economy (“Coming: A 3rd Wave of Foreclosures”).

The article states that “In the first quarter, the percentage of these borrowers who were behind on their mortgages or in foreclosure had doubled from a year earlier, to nearly 6%” and goes on to say that “Credit Suisseanalyst Rod Dubitsky predicted last week that 8.1 million mortgages, or 16% of all mortgages, will go into foreclosure over the next four years. A weak economy, continued declines in home prices and rising delinquencies among prime borrowers all but ensure that foreclosures “will march steadily higher,” he says.” Not such great news for the economy, but good news indeed for entrepreneurs interested in starting a foreclosure cleanup business to clean and repair foreclosed homes for the banks.

To put this in perspective, this means that there will be over 2 million foreclosures a year and more than $2,025,000,000 up for grabs in money that will be spent on cleaning up these foreclosed properties (since the average bill is $1000+ to clean up one of these properties).

Let’s take a look at how you can position yourself to capitalize on this coming foreclosure movement

Set Up Your Company Properly

If you want to be hired for cleanup or preservation work, you’ll need to operate your business as a professional company. The good news is that you can set up a business quickly and inexpensively, and usually on your own. Many people decide to set up an LLC (Limited Liability Company) because of how quickly and easily it can be done but you’ll want to check with your accountant or other business professional to select the type of business entity that’s right for your personal situation.

If you do decide to start an LLC, you can usually find all of the documents you need online from your state’s government website. Usually the branch you’re looking for will be called the “Industrial Commission” or “Corporation Commission” or similar. Try typing in “start a business + ______ (your state)”. Anything ending in “.gov” is usually a good place to start as it indicates a government site.

Once your business is set up, you’ll need an Employer Identification Number (EIN), which is like a SSN for your business. You can register for one online: type in “IRS” & “EIN” into a search engine to find the online registration link.

As soon as you have your EIN (which you can usually get immediately online), you can open up a business bank account for your company. This step is very, very important. In the excitement of things, many people get caught up in the day-to-day dealings of running a business and use their personal accounts to pay for business expenses. Not only does this present an accounting nightmare at the end of the year, but it could present problems for you with the IRS if you don’t keep your personal and business finances separate.

Once you legally set up your business, you may be required to register your business with your county or city in order to get a business license to operate. You can start by calling City Hall or the Office of the County Clerk to inquire as to whether or not you need a city/county/state business license and if so, how to get one.

So to recap:

1. Legally set up your business

2. Get your EIN # and set up a business bank account

3. Apply for a business license

4. If you want to do preservation work, determine whether or not you need a contractors’ license

Get Insurance

You absolutely must have a Commercial Liability Insurance policy and Workers’ Compensation Insurance in order to run your business. Not only is insurance essential for protecting yourself from liability and protecting those that work for you in the event of a work-related injury, but many asset management companies will not do business with you if you do not meet their minimum insurance requirements.

Insurance will likely be one of your largest start-up costs, however, most insurance companies allow you to pay the premium on a monthly (rather than yearly) basis, which definitely makes this expense more affordable.

General Liability Insurance policies can cover the following: bodily injury, property damage, contractual liability, personal and advertising injury, professional liability (also known as Errors & Omissions (E&O) insurance, this coverage protects you and your business from litigation caused by charges of professional neglect or failure to perform your professional duties), hired auto and non-auto liability and umbrella liability.

You’ll want to speak directly with your insurance agent to get a better idea of the extent of the coverage provided by their particular policy and one that is best suited for your individual needs

Workers’ Compensation Insurance is required in most states when you have W2 employees, and some states also require your insurance to cover your 1099 contractors also. Workers’ Compensation (“Workers’ Comp”) covers your employees’ medical and disability expenses related to work-related illness and on-the-job injuries.

In the states where you are not required to cover your 1099 contractors you would need them to provide proof that they carry their own Workers’ Compensation insurance. Although tempting to shift the financial burden of maintaining a policy onto your 1099 contractors, in all reality, you are probably better off to take on the cost of all staff Workers’ Compensation (all W2 employees and 1099 contractors). The reason is that it’s difficult to find only independent contractors that have their own policy. In addition, this industry has such high turnover that if you put this restriction on your independent contractors, you’ll waste valuable time and lost revenues trying to find replacements in a hurry.

Here’s a great tip: sometimes you can get “pay-as-you-go” insurance where your workers’ compensation insurance premiums are based on your actual payroll, rather than an estimated amount. This is great for companies that are just starting out or have a fluctuating workload. Type in “pay as you go workers comp” into a search engine for results in your area.

As a second tip, we’ve used Farmers Insurance for years and have always had excellent customer service and great rates. Just Google “Farmers Insurance” for an agent in your area.

Foreclosure Cleanup v.s. Property Preservation Services

As the name suggests as a Foreclosure Cleanup Company, you’ll be cleaning out all of the junk in the house (also called a “trashout or a “junk out”), as well as cleaning the interior of the home. You may also be required to remove vehicles on the property. Usually foreclosure cleanup companies are also responsible for doing a basic landscape cleanup which includes hauling out any junk from the front/back yards, cutting the grass and trimming trees/bushes.

Cleaning up the property is the extent of services offered by a Foreclosure Cleanup Company, whereas a Property Preservation Company is also involved in the “securing” of the property and the “preserving” of the property.

Here are some of the services that a preservation company may offer (note that a Property Preservation Company will generally also offer cleanup services):

Securing the Property

o Initial vacant property inspection

o Lock changes

o Boarding of windows and doors

o Temporary roof repair

o Securing swimming pools

Preserving the Property

o Exterior Debris removal

o Abandoned vehicle removal (cars, boats, etc.)

o Interior Debris removal (junk-out)

o Hazardous waste removal

o Interior cleaning services including carpet cleaning

o Window washing/graffiti removal

o Window replacement

o Pool services (draining, acid washing, maintaining, etc.)

o Pest control services

o Yard maintenance/landscaping

o Snow removal

o Winterization

o Gutter cleaning

o Pressure washing

o Carpet removal & replacement

o Tile/Floor repairs

o Painting

o Sheetrock/drywall repairs

o Carpentry repairs

o Plumbing fixtures repairs & replacements

o Fire & mold remediation

o Fence repair

Here are a few things to consider when determining the extent of the services you want to offer:

A Contractors’ License is generally not required for Foreclosure Cleanup Company but is likely required for preservation companies doing work over a certain dollar value (usually $500 – $1000+). Sometimes this license can be obtained by attending a course and successfully passing a test whereas other states require previous, verifiable industry experience.

The insurance premiums tend to be higher on companies that offer preservation services as they are considered to be a “general contractor”. However, the revenue potential is much higher as preservation services tend to run from a few thousand dollars upwards instead of $800 – $1500 for each cleanout.

Usually what people do is start out initially offering just the foreclosure cleanup services and then when things pick up, they’ll add preservation items to the list of services they offer. This let’s them get their foot in the door without having to spend a whole lot of money upfront when setting up their company.

Source the Right Equipment & Tools

The great thing about starting a foreclosure cleanup company is that the initial expenses are quite low as much of the equipment and tools needed for cleaning foreclosures can likely be found in your own garage:

o Cleaning chemicals (i.e. all purpose cleaner, disinfectant, toilet bowl cleaner, window cleaner)

o Cleaning supplies (broom, mop, scrub pads)

o Vacuum cleaner

o Garbage bags and shovels

o Work gloves and disposable plastic gloves

o Lawn mowers & lawn tools

o Wheelbarrow

For the smaller items you don’t have on hand, check your local dollar store. Their prices can’t be beat and they usually have the same chemicals and cleaning supplies as the other retailers. Once you start doing some volume, consider shopping for your supplies at Sam’s Club or Costco to keep your expenses low.

You can also find used equipment in great shape (such as vacuums) by going around to your local Saturday morning garage/yard sales. If you have a “Re-Use” center or a Salvation Army, you may consider checking there also as they often have vacuums and other small equipment or yard tools for sale.

For hauling junk, you’ll need some sort of trailer and a vehicle large enough to pull it. If you don’t have a truck and a trailer, you can always borrow a friend’s truck and rent a trailer from U-Haul or just go ahead and rent a moving truck from U-Haul. (Remember though, that you’ll be charged a daily rate plus a per-mile rate when you rent a moving truck whereas if you use your own truck and just rent the pull-trailer, you’ll only incur the daily rental rate for the trailer.)

Sometimes you’ll be required to clean a property that doesn’t have electricity or water. In the event that there’s no electricity, you’ll need a generator to operate the vacuum cleaners and other electrical equipment. These can be rented at Lowe’s or Home Depot and is a much better alternative to purchasing one outright unless you’re going to use it on a regular basis (a new one will run you about $500+).

To save on expenses, it’s best to rent equipment in the beginning.

Once you get up and going, it may be worth looking into purchasing equipment of your own. Check the online classifieds ads (such as Craigslist, Kijiji and Backpage) for used trailers, generators, etc. You should also check with U-Haul as they have been selling some of their excess trucks as of late.

Stay Safe on the Job

As a business owner, you’re responsible for keeping your staff safe while working on the job. Working safely is paramount to the health of your staff and the reputation of your business (and also keeps your insurance premiums low). It’s imperative that you review safety issues prior to allowing anyone to work on the job – you must provide both classroom and on-the-job safety training to all new hires.

Now, it doesn’t have to be anything fancy; you can spend 20 – 30 minutes reviewing safety policies, safe working practices and answering any questions and then you’ll be done! Make sure you have people sign in and out of the meeting and that you document that a safety meeting took place.

It’s also very important that you become familiar with OSHA and Safety Standards as well as the health & safety hazards associated with this industry so that you can keep your staff safe, avoid accidents and costly fines. You can find the OSHA Pocket Guide to Construction Safety (it’s a short and an easy read) at the main website (OSHA DOT gov) by searching for the report name.

Another way to protect your staff and your business is to make sure that you check references before you hire someone. Insist that they list non-related references (i.e. not mother, sister or best friend) and instead list references of previous employers or someone they know in a professional capacity. We also do drug testing and background checks – it might sound paranoid to some, but the safety of our staff, our customers’ property and our company’s reputation is far too important to risk not spending $20 on a background check or drug test.

Price Your Services Right

In this industry, the lowest price always wins the bid (unless, of course, the lowest bidder has a terrible track record of not completing work and is utterly irresponsible and unprofessional, in which case the company has just committed “reputation-suicide” and will never be hired again). Lenders don’t want to spend any more than they have to on these properties so you want to make sure you price your services comparable with the going market rates (but at the same time, priced so that you still make a great profit and don’t leave any money on the table).

For cleaning out foreclosures, most banks expect to spend anywhere from $500 – $1500 for a cleanout (trashout, interior clean and initial landscape cleanup), but it could be a bit more or a bit less, depending on your area. It’s important to know that most lenders have prescribed “price caps” for the maximum amounts that they’ll pay for services.

If you’re also providing preservation services, a great site that we’ve used before to determine our prices for doing repairs is www.CostEstimator.com for getting the market rates for construction costs – you can get a free 30 day trial (no need to enter credit card – it really is free!). There are over 3,000 cost items adjusted for over 210 local, geographic regions to create your bid and you can add as many others as needed. If you want to sign up after the trial, it’s only $15/month.

Market Your Services

It’s true – “nothing happens until somebody sells something”… and you’ll need to get out there and sell, sell, sell your business. Once you’ve done a few jobs, you’ll find that word of mouth advertising and referrals will provide a large pool of new jobs for you, but in the meantime, you do need to do everything possible to let customers know you exist.

A large portion of work will come from the relationships that you build with Real Estate Agents (“Realtors”) who list bank-owned homes (often referred to as REO listings). They are often given the task of bidding out the cleaning and repairs of new listings by the asset management company so you’ll want to make sure the agents in your area know your company handles this type of work.

A great way to find out which Realtors in your area list REOs is to go online to the major bank’s REO websites and “data mine” the contact information for the listing agents (name, email, phone numbers). It can be painstaking work, but definitely worth it.

Here’s an example of a bank REO sites to get you started collecting Realtor information

WELLS FARGO (Properties managed by Premier Asset Services): pasreo.com/pasreo/images/pas_logo.jpg

NOTE: In order to access agent information, select the state and click search. Then, individually select each listing and click on “Print Property Report CVS”. Each listing and corresponding information (such as agent name, phone # and email) will be created in an Excel spreadsheet. You can access the page

Remember to follow up with a phone call a few days later. Don’t be shy about asking the Realtor if he/she has any jobs for you to bid, either – most of them are very accommodating and willing to give a new company the opportunity to provide estimates.

The other way jobs are bid out is through large Asset Management Companies (also referred to as Marketing & Management Companies, REO Field Service Companies and Property Management Companies). Essentially, the lender says, “ok – I have thousands of properties to get rid of. Here, national ABC Asset Management Company: clean, fix and sell these properties for us”. And the national Asset Management Company will then subcontract out the work to local foreclosure cleanup and property preservation companies. In order to work for these companies, you usually need to sign up your company as a potential vendor. Many times this can be done online.

There are both positives and negatives associated with working for the larger companies. On the positive side, you will probably be given a few projects to work on at a time so you will be kept relatively busy. On the negative side, they usually want you to offer ‘wholesale pricing’ and don’t pay until 30 – 60 days after you invoice them for the work. Working for one of these companies, however, will give you the experience you need to go after more work.

Other possible customers include wholesale property investors (groups of investors that purchase foreclosed homes at the auctions and then sell them to smaller investors at a wholesale price), investors, landlords, property management companies, Realtors and so on.

You should also consider attending your local networking events such as the Chamber of Commerce meetings and any local investor meetings in order to hand out your card and network with potential customers. The more you get out there, the better chance you’ll have of securing some great, long-term customers!

This is definitely an exciting industry and a very profitable one for those of you who don’t mind getting your hands a bit dirty! Good luck!

Benefits of Hiring an Electrical Contractor

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electrical repair orlando We are the best electricians in the Orlando area, and this article is presented by us. Hope to work with you soon! Give us a call today about electric and you won’t be disapointed!

Whether it’s giving electrical supply to a new unit or whether to repair it you need an electrical contractor. These contractors are highly qualified and know the simplest as well as the toughest part of work in their field. Their work is to provide all the electrical related service that gives comfort to a client. We will be learning here about the services that are provided to you by an electrical contractor and also how they are beneficial to you. The contractors at electrical supply Miami gives you residential, commercial and industrial electrical installation, repair and maintenance services. The services provided by these contractors are:

Installation

New installations need new ideas and innovations, so if you are planning to build a construction then it’s important for you to hire an electrical contractor. New infrastructures require new electrical devices to be installed to control the electrical services of the building. Proper installation of wires and devices are very important as if not installed at mentioned requirements there are possibilities that they get damaged early. Miami Electrician keeps this thing in view so that the device gets an ample constant value for its functioning.

Benefits: The client gets the wiring done according to his needs for his comfortable use. In case of new devices their proper handling and maintenance knowledge is also given by these contractors.

Maintenance

In home or in your industry every device installed needs proper care and maintenance for its efficient use. Daily use electrical devices like AC, refrigerators, washing machines and others need an extra bit of care as their continuous use decreases the efficiency of the device to some extent. These devices require regular inspection of the device to check the functioning of device. Miami electrician contractors provide you all sorts of maintenance of device related problems. Upgrading an old device with a newly manufactured device is done to increase the effective usage of the devices.

Benefits: Regular inspection of the device helps in prevention of device damage as small faults are repaired at an early level. Upgrading a device increases the effective and efficient use of device. This helps in saving your electricity bills to an extent, so it’s efficient for your pocket too. Proper customer satisfaction rate increases.

Repair

It is obvious if an electrical device gets damaged as there are many factors that can suddenly stop the functioning of device. You can only try to prevent them to an extent. So, at these emergency conditions you feel the requirement of Miami electrician that provides on-emergency call service that helps comfort the client as quickly as possible. Repairing a device also requires parts that are damaged in the device. So, these contractors provide you electrical parts for the device.

Benefits: Emergency repair service provides you assurance of your device to be repaired soon. As the damaged parts are replaced with new ones by the contractors, and the parts provided by them are certified products so proper guarantee of that parts is given to the client.

The Thematic Analysis of The Poem "Do-Gooders" By Olu Obafemi

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The poem titled DO-GOODERS was written by Olu Obafemi to portray the weaknesses and atrocities of the religionists who instead of being the last hope of a common man are threats to people’s life. He tries to condemn the attitudes of the religionists who are using their position as a man or messenger of God to blindfold the people and exploit them. They use their position to tell people lies and demand exorbitantly from them; they deny them their belongings and turn those wretched (lines 14-17).

The central theme of the poem is CONDEMNATION. Olu Obafemi tries to expose what is happening in our present environment where people dabbled into church, mosque or palm grooves only to save themselves from the escalating unemployment problem. When the people eventually discover these anomalies of the people of God, they tend to be aggressive. This has led to desertion of many churches, many mosques have been damned and some grooves are no more in existence (lines 10-13)

The poet shows his anger or agony when he said that Horror begets horror, to nullify horror, meaning that whenever these type of people are caught, they must be dealt with without an iota of mercy, just as thieves, tied to the stakes, and set on fire (lines 18 and 19). He emphasized that pity should not be allowed to come in because they have destroyed many lives already; many have been turned to wretched beings, with bloated stomach, smelling like the stinking gutters and sucked thin (lines 1-5).

The poet ended it by lamenting saying, Woe be on them, who cheat in the name of God, even an unending woe.

POETIC DEVICES IN THE POEM

Let’s examine jus two (2): Poetic License and the figures of speech used in the poem.

Language used (Poetic License)

Poetic license is the permission given to a poet to use unconventional language i.e. free to use language in whatever way it pleases him in order to achieve his desires. He can violate the grammaticality of language.

They include in this poem the following:

1. Bloated – swollen in an unpleasant way (line 1)

2. Hoot – funny situation of a person/short loud laugh of a person (line 5)

3. Flatulent – sound important in the way that exaggerate truth (line 9)

4. Damnable – bad or annoying (line 12)

5. Stakes – host on which somebody to be burnt is first tie (line 18)

6. Wretched – extremely bad or unpleasant (line 13)

7. Flakes – small pieces of something larger

8. Blazed – mount brightly and strongly

9. Do-gooders: those who do good/believed to be doing good

Figures of Speech

Expressions used to polish any piece of writing and to embellish it in a poetic ornament so as to make it elaborate, vivid, picturesque and interesting (Roy Omoni)

1. Assonance:

Line 1: bloated stomachs

Line 7: horror begets horror

Line 19: blazed in flames and flakes

2. Consonance:

Line 7: horror begets horror

Line 19: blazed in flames and flakes

3. Alliteration:

Line 4: of sprawling skeletons

Line 7: horror begets horror

Line 19: blazed in flames and flakes

4. Repetition:

Line 7 & 8: horror begets horror to nullify horror

5. Rhyme:

Line 18 & 19: must be tied to stakes

blazed in flames and flakes

6. Enjambment:

Line 7 & 8: horror begets horror to nullify horror

Line 3 & 4: the naked ribs of sprawling skeletons

Benefits of Hiring an Electrical Contractor

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electrical repair orlando We are the best electricians in the Orlando area, and this article is presented by us. Hope to work with you soon! Give us a call today about electric and you won’t be disapointed!

Whether it’s giving electrical supply to a new unit or whether to repair it you need an electrical contractor. These contractors are highly qualified and know the simplest as well as the toughest part of work in their field. Their work is to provide all the electrical related service that gives comfort to a client. We will be learning here about the services that are provided to you by an electrical contractor and also how they are beneficial to you. The contractors at electrical supply Miami gives you residential, commercial and industrial electrical installation, repair and maintenance services. The services provided by these contractors are:

Installation

New installations need new ideas and innovations, so if you are planning to build a construction then it’s important for you to hire an electrical contractor. New infrastructures require new electrical devices to be installed to control the electrical services of the building. Proper installation of wires and devices are very important as if not installed at mentioned requirements there are possibilities that they get damaged early. Miami Electrician keeps this thing in view so that the device gets an ample constant value for its functioning.

Benefits: The client gets the wiring done according to his needs for his comfortable use. In case of new devices their proper handling and maintenance knowledge is also given by these contractors.

Maintenance

In home or in your industry every device installed needs proper care and maintenance for its efficient use. Daily use electrical devices like AC, refrigerators, washing machines and others need an extra bit of care as their continuous use decreases the efficiency of the device to some extent. These devices require regular inspection of the device to check the functioning of device. Miami electrician contractors provide you all sorts of maintenance of device related problems. Upgrading an old device with a newly manufactured device is done to increase the effective usage of the devices.

Benefits: Regular inspection of the device helps in prevention of device damage as small faults are repaired at an early level. Upgrading a device increases the effective and efficient use of device. This helps in saving your electricity bills to an extent, so it’s efficient for your pocket too. Proper customer satisfaction rate increases.

Repair

It is obvious if an electrical device gets damaged as there are many factors that can suddenly stop the functioning of device. You can only try to prevent them to an extent. So, at these emergency conditions you feel the requirement of Miami electrician that provides on-emergency call service that helps comfort the client as quickly as possible. Repairing a device also requires parts that are damaged in the device. So, these contractors provide you electrical parts for the device.

Benefits: Emergency repair service provides you assurance of your device to be repaired soon. As the damaged parts are replaced with new ones by the contractors, and the parts provided by them are certified products so proper guarantee of that parts is given to the client.

Marble or Granite Countertops – Which One Should You Choose?

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The quickest way to dress up a kitchen and to give it that wow factor that everyone wants to see, is with the addition of dramatic counter tops. Today, you see a lot of people putting in either Marble or Granite countertops because they look great and add a lot of pop for the money. They will also provide a solid return on investment if and when the property is sold.

Marble and Granite have distinct similarities and very big differences which you need to be aware of when determining which one is best for your kitchen.

Keep in mind that marble will be one of the most expensive materials to have as a counter top. The offset to this cost is that marble is also one of the longest lasting materials for a countertop, so your cost-per- year will be less than almost anything else that you could use. In fact, with proper care, if it is correctly made and installed,marble could last you well over a hundred years and still look as good as it did on the day it was installed.

The color of marble is dependent upon the area from which the stone originated. Every area has a different texture and color, so no two pieces will ever be the same.

Marble is also quite heat resistant and will not burn or catch fire. However.if hot items are placed directly on the marble, it can cause damage to the surface. It may not cause damage to the core of the marble, but if something hot is placed directly on it without a hot pad being used to insulateit, permanent color change could occur in the marble.

Granite is the hardest known building stone available, making it ideal for a kitchen counter top. It is very resistant to air variables and water and come in many more colorsthan marble. It is also a stone that is found almost the world over, so it is easily found in most regions of the world.

Granite has the distinction of allowing you to polish it to a high luster or to leave it rather rough looking and still do a great job at being an effective stone for your needs. Besides being heat and water resistant, granite counter tops are also highly bacteria resistant, so they do a good job at keeping your kitchen healthy as well.

The biggest drawback of granite is that it is inordinately expensive and will not be a cheap upgrade for your project. You will also need to occasionally seal the granite countertop to make sure it stays in great shape over time.

The patterns between Marble and Granite are quite a bit different and you will have to decide what works best for you and then pick out the slab that you will use because, as mentioned, no two are ever going to be the same.

The Lost Iron Furnace

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Pouring over the historic maps that clutter my desk, I noticed a handwritten reference to a manmade monolithic structure that is supposed to lie 10 miles into what is considered to be one of the most remote areas of Pennsylvania. A place devoid of blacktop and where bear, elk and rattlesnakes abound. It’s hard to imagine civilization touching an area that few would think to venture into today; an area of steep mountains and even steeper ravines where one misstep would mean a fall to one’s death; but there it was in black and white a cryptic reference beckoning a would be explorer. It made me wonder, what could be there?

I was not in search of just any town, but four towns that were built in close proximity that became the center of the local coal and iron mining industries in this area of north central Pennsylvania during the mid 19th century. This prosperous community was built by immigrant miners and a unique personality whose life story left behind a legend of wealth, buried treasure and an English mansion that sat out of place atop the mountain in the wilds of Pennsylvania.

Reavelton lies a very distant ten miles into the remote mountains of north central Pennsylvania. The nearest town, Quigley’s Mills; itself just a speck on the map with Lock Haven twenty miles distant being perhaps the closest better known community. I say a distant ten miles because the last ten miles of my trip into this remote area will take another 45 minutes to travel; doubling the time it takes for me to travel the 50 miles from my home. Almost impassible, the trail that leads into this area is as rough and rugged as any that you’d expect to find in the American southwest. In the winter it is impossible to reach this area. Nobody comes here except an occasional hunter. The story of Reavelton has been left for me alone to piece together; to photograph the site and leave a record where one has yet to exist. I enjoy the challenge and solitude of such a place; one that is unspoiled.

I arrive in Beechcreek, originally named Quigley’s Mills two-hundred years ago. It’s a small country town with the atmosphere of Mayberry. Experience has taught me that the best place to learn history is from the older residents of an area, so I head to the corner diner for breakfast. It’s exactly as I expected, hitching post outside, wooden steps leading through the arched Victorian doorway, boarding house still standing next door. The door opens with a creak hitting the bell mounted atop. Old men in overalls and blue haired ladies pause momentarily from their conversations to look at the two strangers who have just entered. The silence is deafening, moments linger but conversations resume as we strategically take our seats nearest to a table with four old men. Black and white photographs of the old town line the walls; they’ll serve as a good ice breaker when I garner the nerve to speak to the gentlemen sitting across from us.

For the moment my observations are on the structure itself, worn wooden floor, tin ceiling, pickle barrel at the end of the dining counter, brass cash register and floor safe in the corner. Just one middle aged woman acting as hostess, waitress, cook and cashier; she takes our order and retires to the kitchen. One of the locals walks behind the counter, picks up the coffee pot and refills the patrons cups… ours included. You can hear the sizzle of the sausage as the smell of a home cooked country breakfast wafts from the kitchen, a true farmer’s breakfast.

Occasional glances are cast our way; maybe because we are strangers, maybe because of my snakeboots, fedora and sidearm. I wait for one of the older gentlemen to make eye contact, it doesn’t take long and it’s my opportunity to strike up a conversation. “Nice place you have here; Beechcreek.” Our conversation turns from small talk to history after I introduce us; setting them at ease. I find that most folks are happy to talk about themselves and to share what they know of their hometown and their great uncle Charlie who lived up the “holler” and worked the mines on the mountain. Our conversation allowed me to fill in some blank spaces in my notes and the folks were be eager to hear about what we would find.

The scenic beauty in this portion of the country is unparalleled; deciduous forests giving way to open meadows, peat bogs and beaver dams followed by lush and dark forests that block out nearly all light; canopied in heavy hemlocks of four foot diameters. The ravages of a wildfire that raged down the mountain in the 1890’s no longer apparent but skepticism extolled by the locals that anything at all would remain of the old towns and their frame dwellings. No one had seen any in a hundred years.

The mountain extends clear down to Beechcreek from its peak 10 miles away. I reach the point where the blacktop ends and turn onto a gravel road that quickly becomes nothing more than a rutted, dirt trail. A goat path as I like to call it. I drive along the narrow trail to an increasing elevation sometimes with cliffs along one side and sharp rocks protruding out of the ground with oil slicks about them, evidence of a misadventure of those less prepared. My companion, new to these explorations comments on the rugged remoteness that one would think no longer exists in our portion of the country. I’m looking ahead through the trees for tell tale signs of past habitation; 90 degree angles, tree lines, domestic vegetation, stone walls; nothing in sight for miles.

In my preplanning I used what is now referred to as remote sensing with Google Earth that showed me that I should be approaching the peak of the mountain where an open field existed. As we cleared a two foot deep mud bog in the trail we entered upon the clearing. I immediately spotted an enormous apple tree on my right and a line of conifers that were too evenly spaced for natures handiwork; most likely the efforts of the forest service after the fire. I said, “we’re here” to the astonishment of my companion. His less skilled eye had not taken in the same sights and he was amazed that without ever having been here before that I was able to put us on location in our first attempt at discovering the towns; others would have driven right by. I pulled from the trail into an area of golden rod and stepped from the truck. On my left fifteen feet into the woods was a stone wall. I walked in the opposite direction toward a patch of lilies an unmistakable domestic planting that I knew would have been around a home. I could see across the road a hole in the ground, probably a well.

Further into the field, there it was, the partially filled foundation of John Reaville’s English styled mansion. I had read that the General, as Reaville was called by his men, divided his time between the construction of the village and the opening of the coal mines. It was recorded that he erected good dwellings for the miners and a grand mansion for himself. It was of English style, large and handsomely finished; the center hall with a winding staircase and mahogany rail and balusters; the rooms large and warmed by deep fireplaces with big chimneys and carved mantels. A wide porch graced the front and it was positioned on an angle facing down the lane so that the Reaville’s might see approaching company. A hitching post was placed at the head of the walk just off of the porch. Out in the yard a white picket fence fronted by lilies, and ivy. A spring house sat off to the right of the lane where the well water was piped into from across Reavelton road.

The very atmosphere of the place was one of comfort, convenience and luxury; or as luxurious as one could get in 1853 with no interior bathrooms, running water nor electricity. It serves to remind me that we take a lot for granted today. Little wonder that it was a curiosity to dwellers of other valleys and attracted many visitors. It appeared out of place in this wilderness. When the Potters, the Ashfields, the Silvars and their friends from New York or Boston came, the mansion was a place of revelry and banquets, and the specially built wine vault in the cellar, always well stocked with the best English liquors and French wines, was most popular.

As I crossed into the field the apple tree once again caught my eye. Over 30 inches in diameter, I can’t recall ever seeing one larger. It was growing right in the center of a second, small “L” shaped foundation. Old to be sure, I figured it must have begun growing shortly after the forest fire. As I headed to the clearing, ruffled grouse flushed from a thorny bush with bright orange berries generally planted as landscaping and just beyond was a large cellar hole consisting of an earthen berm and collapsed foundation stones. I was certain that I had discovered the foundation of John Reaville’s mansion. Over grown and almost completely hidden from view in the tall ferns, I imagined how it must have appeared 150 years ago; the fence along the road, white columns, black bear posed on the front porch; a prank that the General liked to play on guests; I being the most recent. Stone outcroppings were found behind the house; maybe the location of the cave where John hung his venison; another foundation across the road from the house. I sat on a stump as my companion continued his search for relics that would confirm our discovery.

A bit of respite allowed me to reflect upon my surroundings. Pennsylvania history is full of colorful characters; John Reaville not the least among them but his accomplishments in the coal and iron mining industries are as secluded as the town that bears his name in the mountains above Quigley’s Mills along with three others; Rock Cabin, Peacock and Eagleton; each an outgrowth of Reavelton and John Reaville’s efforts while working for the Ashfield Coal Company.

Written records are scarce in my search for information on these ghost towns. They have become true ghosts; only a footnote in history, only a small notation on an historic map; its name no longer mentioned by those living in the area, it has simply ceased to exist.

It’s an incredible feeling when you discover a new place and to know that perhaps for the first time in over 150 years that someone has taken an interest in and resurrected the name of the town and its people that were all but forgotten. The story of Reavilton is the story of John Reaville a singular hard working individual whose legacy left behind stories of these towns that dot our countryside. The towns are the story of families and their struggle as pioneers on a frontier; of the businesses that they built by the sweat of their brow and of other pioneers who later joined in the prosperity creating and building the town upon their vision of a brighter future.

Reavilton is unique in that it was founded in 1853 and almost completely gone by 1878 along with its sisters Rock Cabin, Peacock and Eagleton. It’s a case study in boom to bust industrialization and the influences that spawned the towns, their industry and those that swept it from the forest. It’s a study in legacy and legend that allowed it to be footnoted and not entirely lost to history as homesteads and smaller hamlets might be. While not as old as the sites that we study in classical archaeology the community of Reavilton is old for Pennsylvania and it nevertheless has a complex story to tell about the people who lived here, how they lived and the legacy that they left behind.

John Reaville immigrated from Nottingham, England to America in about 1843 settling in New York and although a coal miner by occupation purchased with most of his savings a sixty-acre farm near Amagansett, Long Island to try his hand at farming. Tired of this endeavor Reaville traveled westward through Pennsylvania to an area where new coal mines were being opened by the Potter and Ashfield Company. Reaville was a tough, hard-working sort of man. He came to seek his fortune, and fell in with the Potter and Ashfield Company. They had a legal problem with one of their eastern mines that amounted to this: If left unattended, the mine could be claimed by someone else. John Reaville was soon on his way to Schuylkill county into the anthracite coal region of Pennsylvania where he was required to take up residence inside of the mine that the Potter & Ashfield company had been working illegally and one which the sheriff was trying to foreclose upon if they ever left it unattended for even a day. Reaville lived in near isolation for approximately 8 months inside the mine after which Potter and Ashfileld owned it by adverse possession thus saving them $1,500,000 a handsome sum at that time. As his reward for his service John Reaville was named Superintendant of Mines in the Tangascootac region above Beechcreek, was given a blank check and told to open the coal fields in the mountains in the in the Spring of 1852 where bituminous coal had recently been discovered.

The mines were well under way by 1854, the openings had been driven in well and coal was being brought out encouragingly. Scores of miners, mostly foreigners of that occupation, many with families, were domiciled in the long rows of houses on the property.

Reavilton covered approximately 3600 acres. If we include its sister towns this expands to about ten square miles. Revelton named his town after himself though originally as Reavilville. Peacock was named for the color of the coal, which had a brightly colored sheen to it. Rock Cabin got its name for obvious reasons, and Eagleton after the Bald Eagle area named for the Seneca Indian Chief. Four towns, hundreds of homes, stores, school, coal and iron mines, railroad, sawmill and a monolithic structure; a tremendous iron furnace were built in just a few years.

It was in Eagleton that the first coal mine strike in Pennsylvania occurred, and John Reaville was the man who handled it. Reaville was known to be a tough boss. In 1856, the operation was at the height of profit, and the men banded together to demand more money and better treatment. They went on strike, carrying weapons and threatening to become violent. John Reaville sent a trusted employee into Lock Haven to bring back Sheriff John W. Smith, who returned with a group of twenty armed men. Smith calmed things down and broke the strike in about three days.

Reavilton provided a centralized work place for the early settlers of this region; coal was in great demand and the mountainous region had plenty of it. Reaville’s workforce consisted mostly of English, Scotch and German immigrants. Additional towns sprang up in adjoining areas of natural resources because it meant steady work; albeit hard and the opportunity to earn wages and support a family. Several drifts were opened and the miners climbed into the earth daily by way of four foot tunnels to extract the black rock that was sought by the railroads, manufacturing and iron industry. It was yet to be used for home heating except by the affluent in the large cities. In the country wood was plentiful and cheap and coal was a commodity.

I walked the ground drawing its features on my sketch pad; first the “L” shaped foundation of the mansion, the spring house, well, privy and stables. Then down the trail to the powder house, mine office, miners homes and the mines themselves that are visible today as collapsed audits where you can stand and sight along the ground following large sink holes of the collapsed coal mines themselves. I cautioned my companion not to walk upon the ground between the sink holes that might give way at any moment.

Numerous shafts had been dug all heading in a north-south orientation. I paused to imagine the men with blackened faces digging under the ground, setting powder charges, clearing the mine before the explosion blew loose a few tons of coal and then reentering the shaft, shoring its roof with wooden timbers and shoveling the coal into carts that were then drawn out of the earth by horses up the hillside to narrow gauge rail cars where it would be hauled down the mountain to Lock Haven and loaded onto barges waiting in the recently completed Pennsylvania Canal to be shipped to points further east. I wondered of the dangers; of the mine collapses and of the families that lived here.

Child labor laws were nonexistent at this time; I imagined eight, nine and ten year old boys dripping wet from mine seepage with blackened skin that wouldn’t come clean and sullen eyes peering from the mines; forced labor whose lives didn’t matter while John Reaville was sitting in his English mansion eating oysters and sipping fine wine; the extremes of life.

This I know of Reaville for in the corner of the stone foundation that once supported his extravagant home we found the glass shards of wine and bitters bottles, flow blue china, oyster shells and ceramic pipes. Though nothing is left of the framing, it was two story affair with expansive front porch. We see expensive brick and cut stone littering the ground. There I discovered shards of pottery, the unmistakable green glass of fine French wine bottles and more oyster shells; apparently he was fond of them; an expensive delicacy so far from the ocean.

Speaking with the gentlemen at the diner, I learned that the house was known to have a wine cellar and cave at the rear of the property where meat was hung for aging to produce the best flavor. The Reaville’s had the finest of everything and once entertained a Princess of Spain. While two-hundred feet away the miners lived in small 3-4 room houses built upon pilings, eking out a meager living; dying at a young age. Life was hard for these folks and work was dangerous. As we talked I learned that John enjoyed alcohol and tobacco. When he came to town, drinks were on him at the tavern and he was the life of the party. This was confirmed through the amounts of amber glass marked as bitters procured from the backyard privy along with beautiful shards of expensive pottery and other glassware and more clay tobacco tavern pipes.

Privy excavations are at the top of my list in use to determine the lifestyle of the past occupants of a home; the Reavilton mansion would be no different. A privy usually lies to the rear of a home and downwind. This one displayed evidence of prior digging as the dirt was mounded around its sides mixed with broken glass leaving nothing in context. Fortunately we already knew the age. As I sifted through the dirt it became apparent that bottle hunters had been there some time before as evidenced by the 1970′s Pepsi can recovered at approximately 4 feet deep. Nevertheless they were remiss in their search for only bottles that remained intact after 125 years while I was interested in all else that remained. Glass was scattered across the ground. More broken pottery and glass soon began to emerge and was roughly classified according to the type of glass and color or decoration as we removed it from the hole in the ground. Several iron relics also came to light. Our recoveries allowed us to reconstruct entire pieces of china; two flow blue meat platters with matching dinner plate, white glazed serving dish, tea pot, bitters bottles, delft creamer, earthenware jug, chamber pot, oil lamp globes, clay pipes that were smoked by John himself. It was a veritable bonanza of broken pottery that would provide satisfaction well into the Winter as we cleaned, conserved and reconstructed the life and social atmosphere that existed in Reavilton a hundred years before I was even born. Ever so slowly we coaxed life back into the Reaville’s. They were once again the center of attention; the life of the party.

Back in town industry was expanding, an iron mine was opened on a hillside just above the Tangascootac creek. A furnace was built in the forest along with a water powered sawmill, houses and a school. I was convinced that the monolithic structure referenced on my map had to be an iron furnace so we set in search of it through the forest. Our trail became impassible; 3 foot deep ruts filled with water caused us to abandon our vehicle and proceed on foot. My 1872 map of the area identified a stream as “furnace run”. One thing that I’ve learned is that place names generally coincide with history; so we headed in that direction hiking through the brush and dense undergrowth until coming upon a well worn trail. The hemlock canopy hung heavily overhead causing the forest to appear as if it were dusk. I had no idea of how far the furnace might be or even if it yet existed; often the stones from structures are repurposed in later years. We followed under the canopy of massive hemlocks for a distance to where the valley deepened and the trees nearly blocked out all light. I edged toward a steep incline and standing upon the precipice in order to view the valley I looked up to behold a massive stone structure some 45 feet in height and 30 feet square on the opposite hillside; like an ancient pyramid standing in a rift valley with sunlight streaming down upon it as if heaven sent. The illusion created a remarkable experience as if I alone was meant to find the structure. I prompted my companion to the edge of the cliff but in all its glory he could not see the furnace as it lies camouflaged among the hemlocks, itself having turned green in color. In a few moments he came to understand what my excitement was about.

The furnace stands over 45 feet tall and nearly an equal measure in length and breadth of fitted stone construction held together with iron crossties and wood supports. Four arches, one on each side lead into areas where the molten iron flowed into molds for ingots and hollow wares. A pipe work for air from the bellows is evident. It is a traditional top mount furnace.

We scrambled down the steep hillside and crossing the stream were dwarfed by the huge stone structure as the sunlight broke through the foliage shining down upon the furnace; a sight to behold. Several other foundations lay scattered among the woodlands in support of the smelting operation.

Iron ore, of a good quality exists in the Tangascootac region and in 1857 the Tangascootac Coal Company; the true name of the operation at Reavilton erected a furnace and manufactured iron, but a suspension of operations ensued soon after, as was the case with coal mining, yet sufficient was done to demonstrate the fact that an abundance of ore existed, from which could be made a good quality of iron. I was able to locate remnants of a stockpile of coke and also of limestone adjacent the furnace that were used to produce sufficient heat to smelt the iron. Iron melts at about 3,000 degrees Fahrenheit therefore the furnace had to remain in blast 24 hours a day lest it cool down and 2-3 tons of coke would be required to restore it back to temperature. By the middle of the nineteenth century the trend was to use coke instead of charcoal, hot blast instead of cold, steam for power instead of waterwheels and steel shell, fire brick lined stacks instead of stone.

This furnace allows us to see a transition in the technology of the day. Coke was being used however a waterwheel driving a mechanical bellows was yet in operation. Firebrick was used in part but yet with a stone stack surrounded with a sandy clay between the stack and the stone furnace itself. In the early years, the blast was powered by water turning a wheel which in turn either worked a bellows (early furnaces) or pushed pistons in and out of tubes to create the blast of air. I believe that the Reavilton furnace used tube pistons because of the long flat foundations to the right of the furnace just above furnace run. When the use of bellows was discontinued around 1820, two pairs of wooden tubes were used. Each pair consisted of one tube inside another with suitable leather gaskets. As the inner tube of one pair was descending and sucking in air, the inner tube of the other pair was ascending and compressing the air. By means of leather valves the flow of air to a storage tank was regulated. The combination of air being blown into the coke embers created the extreme temperatures necessary to melt the iron ore.

Although actual operations at a blast furnace probably required fifteen to twenty men around the clock, other jobs connected with the furnace, such as cutting wood, hauling the coke and limestone, raising food for the employees and the horses, hauling ore and pig iron, increased the number of workers to between sixty and eighty.

Hard liquor was in great demand by the workmen. It was almost as necessary as food or so it seems. Because most furnaces were built far from towns, adjacent to raw materials and water power, there was little or no opportunity for recreation; and as a result men resorted to drinking as a way to pass their leisure time.

The furnace was built beside a hill having a flat area at the same elevation as the top of the furnace. Materials were taken to this bench for charging into the furnace. A bridge between the top of the stack and the “bench” was used for this purpose. My instinct told me to look under where the bridge would have been to locate samples of the fuel that was being used to fire the furnace. Sure enough, I found the coke and limestone that I was looking for. My companion located a cow bell on the ground nearby although I speculate that it was actually used on a horse or mule that hauled the raw resources.

Just above the furnace we located the ruins of three buildings; most probably bunk houses for the shift workers required to work the furnace ’round the clock. Down a trail toward Tangascootac Creek the audit of the iron mine is located atop the hill with its collapsed shaft running downhill toward the trail. Further downstream were the remains of a water powered sawmill. The area is strewn with iron, slag and cinders. Round pieces of iron reminiscent of meteorites can be found in the area.

Across the valley from whence we came and upon the hill we discovered the foundation of the Iron Masters House. A much larger home than those of the workers yet smaller than General Reaville’s. It was comprised most likely of 6-7 rooms with front and rear doors, glass paned windows and a springhouse to the rear of the home. The iron master was in complete control of the furnace and second only to John Reaville himself. While I have yet to discover the specifics of this individual he no doubt arrived from Europe with expertise in furnace operation.

John Reaville and his wife lived happily and alone in their mansion until he died of heart disease, manifested in a gouty and dropsical condition, on the twenty-second day of August, 1876, at the age of seventy-one and was buried with Masonic Rites.

One year later, less seven days, his wife, Elishaba, aged sixty-seven and a half years, died in the state hospital at Danville, never the same woman after the death of her husband. A white marble shaft, eight and a half feet high, stands by their graves in Highland cemetery at Lock Haven.

After their deaths, the rumor began that Reaville had buried bags of money in the basement of his mansion, under the dirt floor.

Some time afterward a man appeared at the Reaville mansion. It was speculated that he was a hospital employee to whom Mrs. Reaville had divulged her husband’s secret. He stayed in the house alone for days and curious woodsmen passing were chased from the premises. A sullen reply repelled their salutations. Then the man was never seen again. Visitors to the place later found the cellar floor dug up, the wine vault demolished and the foundation stones in many places removed. That the old general had gold hidden when he died his wife naturally enough knew.

The railroad was torn up and the hundreds of buildings left to fall into ruin and decay. Forest fires later consumed all traces of them and today nothing but a few foundation stones and green areas mark where the village once stood and even they are few.

The abandoned furnace which John Reaville built and for which he burned a thousand tons of charcoal needlessly is the only structure of the hundreds erected standing today in the valley which is fast being reclaimed to its original wildness. The moss covered, stone walls on the bank of Furnace run, look not unlike the tower and ruins of an old English castle, now collapsing itself.

Plumber Vs Plumbing Engineer – What’s the Difference?

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The phrase “plumbing engineer” might just sound like a fancy five-dollar term to use when “plumber” sounds too pedestrian. Like, if your stodgy old eighth-grade English teacher comes to visit, and the toilet breaks, you might say something like, “Alas! It seems as though it may be time to avail myself of some of my local plumbing engineer’s finest handiwork! Forsooth, and such.”

Luckily, your stodgy eighth-grade English teacher didn’t bring your persnickety eleventh-grade science teacher with her, because you’d be wrong.

You call a plumber to fix a broken toilet, repair a leaky pipe or unclog a stubborn drain. Plumbers are a vital component of the professional engineering community, but a plumber just is not the same as a plumbing engineer.

So what is a plumbing engineer, you ask? The easiest way to make the distinction is to think of the plumbing engineer as the guy who designs the system, and the plumber as the guy who maintains it. You’d call Jack the plumbing engineer to map out the hot and cold water system in the new home you’re building; you’d call Joe the plumber to fix it when a gasket wears out.

Plumbing engineering relies on design, planning, creation and implementation. A plumbing engineer draws up a pipe system for a new building or series of buildings, makes sure every pipe connection is solid and every delivery method is efficient. He chooses the right materials to make sure the system lasts for years with minimal maintenance. If you get a top-notch plumbing engineer, you probably won’t need to call the plumber very often.

The Whole Building Design Guide, an expansive web-based information resource for contractors, designers and architects, provides a good working definition of plumbing engineering:

The Plumbing Engineer is involved with systems that overlap into the mechanical, civil, and chemical engineering disciplines. The Plumbing Engineer is in a key position to influence the water efficiency, sustainable site, energy, fire protection, and pollution systems of a facility.

Plumbing engineers are qualified to oversee a wide array of public and private building projects:

  • When a new shopping center needs a stormwater management system, the engineering firm designing the center would hand the job over to a plumbing engineer.
  • A plumbing engineer might work closely with a fire protection engineer to to make sure a new sprinkler system is in good working order.
  • An entire team of plumbing engineers might design a sewer system for a new housing development.

SEO Specialists: Easing the Way to the Zenith of Success

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I used to wonder what more I had to do to make my business website profitable. I had even consulted many friends of mine; none could give me a pleasing solution to the problem. I had no other alternative but to go for the online solution. After a careful study, I came to know about SEO and its impact. I realized that SEO is the only technique by which one can rank their website higher in search engines. Besides, all of us know that the digital world has a new definition in recent years. All credit goes to many scientific innovations and its correct implementation.

However, a few business experts may disagree with the fact; but the reality is SEO is still a very much effective for online business promotion. Although different SEO experts devise different strategies, but there are about 4 advantages of such kind of service. That’s the reason SEO specialists are always much in demand even in this twenty-first century. Now, let us explore those advantages.

• Increased Traffic – Web traffic, web traffic, and web traffic; that’s all you can think when one thinks about as the first benefit of SEO work. And why not! A better rank always comes up with an assurance to acquire more web traffic. As a result, visitors are likely to become your potential customers in the long run. So, more business profit is waiting for you.

• Brand Awareness – Who would not love to see people uttering his business brand every time they need some specific products and services! All of them for sure; however, an effective SEO service is the convenient method by which you can meet this. The more people would see your business website higher in search engines the more they would seek you. Therefore, a better SEO work means ensuring improved brand awareness as well.

• Better conversion rate – More visitors mean assured possibility to have a better conversion rate. And needless to say, better conversion rate hints at a better sales volume in future. With superior quality content, SEO professionals will ease the way to get better rank in search engines.

• Increased site usability – SEO experts do know that better usability of a website is an imperative to get the desired result. Hence, they prefer making the website more user-friendly. Consequently, it is easier now to navigate for the search engines. at the same time, it would make the website user-friendly for the customers as well.

Therefore, better not to take the risk, and hire them to get these benefits.

How to Start a Foreclosure Cleanup and Property Preservation Company

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A new article on June 3, 2009 from MSN Money writer Michael Brush indicates that there is a third wave of foreclosures still to come from prime borrowers (i.e. those previously “safe-borrowers” with sound credit and fixed-rate mortgages) as a result of job losses thanks to the worsening economy (“Coming: A 3rd Wave of Foreclosures”).

The article states that “In the first quarter, the percentage of these borrowers who were behind on their mortgages or in foreclosure had doubled from a year earlier, to nearly 6%” and goes on to say that “Credit Suisseanalyst Rod Dubitsky predicted last week that 8.1 million mortgages, or 16% of all mortgages, will go into foreclosure over the next four years. A weak economy, continued declines in home prices and rising delinquencies among prime borrowers all but ensure that foreclosures “will march steadily higher,” he says.” Not such great news for the economy, but good news indeed for entrepreneurs interested in starting a foreclosure cleanup business to clean and repair foreclosed homes for the banks.

To put this in perspective, this means that there will be over 2 million foreclosures a year and more than $2,025,000,000 up for grabs in money that will be spent on cleaning up these foreclosed properties (since the average bill is $1000+ to clean up one of these properties).

Let’s take a look at how you can position yourself to capitalize on this coming foreclosure movement

Set Up Your Company Properly

If you want to be hired for cleanup or preservation work, you’ll need to operate your business as a professional company. The good news is that you can set up a business quickly and inexpensively, and usually on your own. Many people decide to set up an LLC (Limited Liability Company) because of how quickly and easily it can be done but you’ll want to check with your accountant or other business professional to select the type of business entity that’s right for your personal situation.

If you do decide to start an LLC, you can usually find all of the documents you need online from your state’s government website. Usually the branch you’re looking for will be called the “Industrial Commission” or “Corporation Commission” or similar. Try typing in “start a business + ______ (your state)”. Anything ending in “.gov” is usually a good place to start as it indicates a government site.

Once your business is set up, you’ll need an Employer Identification Number (EIN), which is like a SSN for your business. You can register for one online: type in “IRS” & “EIN” into a search engine to find the online registration link.

As soon as you have your EIN (which you can usually get immediately online), you can open up a business bank account for your company. This step is very, very important. In the excitement of things, many people get caught up in the day-to-day dealings of running a business and use their personal accounts to pay for business expenses. Not only does this present an accounting nightmare at the end of the year, but it could present problems for you with the IRS if you don’t keep your personal and business finances separate.

Once you legally set up your business, you may be required to register your business with your county or city in order to get a business license to operate. You can start by calling City Hall or the Office of the County Clerk to inquire as to whether or not you need a city/county/state business license and if so, how to get one.

So to recap:

1. Legally set up your business

2. Get your EIN # and set up a business bank account

3. Apply for a business license

4. If you want to do preservation work, determine whether or not you need a contractors’ license

Get Insurance

You absolutely must have a Commercial Liability Insurance policy and Workers’ Compensation Insurance in order to run your business. Not only is insurance essential for protecting yourself from liability and protecting those that work for you in the event of a work-related injury, but many asset management companies will not do business with you if you do not meet their minimum insurance requirements.

Insurance will likely be one of your largest start-up costs, however, most insurance companies allow you to pay the premium on a monthly (rather than yearly) basis, which definitely makes this expense more affordable.

General Liability Insurance policies can cover the following: bodily injury, property damage, contractual liability, personal and advertising injury, professional liability (also known as Errors & Omissions (E&O) insurance, this coverage protects you and your business from litigation caused by charges of professional neglect or failure to perform your professional duties), hired auto and non-auto liability and umbrella liability.

You’ll want to speak directly with your insurance agent to get a better idea of the extent of the coverage provided by their particular policy and one that is best suited for your individual needs

Workers’ Compensation Insurance is required in most states when you have W2 employees, and some states also require your insurance to cover your 1099 contractors also. Workers’ Compensation (“Workers’ Comp”) covers your employees’ medical and disability expenses related to work-related illness and on-the-job injuries.

In the states where you are not required to cover your 1099 contractors you would need them to provide proof that they carry their own Workers’ Compensation insurance. Although tempting to shift the financial burden of maintaining a policy onto your 1099 contractors, in all reality, you are probably better off to take on the cost of all staff Workers’ Compensation (all W2 employees and 1099 contractors). The reason is that it’s difficult to find only independent contractors that have their own policy. In addition, this industry has such high turnover that if you put this restriction on your independent contractors, you’ll waste valuable time and lost revenues trying to find replacements in a hurry.

Here’s a great tip: sometimes you can get “pay-as-you-go” insurance where your workers’ compensation insurance premiums are based on your actual payroll, rather than an estimated amount. This is great for companies that are just starting out or have a fluctuating workload. Type in “pay as you go workers comp” into a search engine for results in your area.

As a second tip, we’ve used Farmers Insurance for years and have always had excellent customer service and great rates. Just Google “Farmers Insurance” for an agent in your area.

Foreclosure Cleanup v.s. Property Preservation Services

As the name suggests as a Foreclosure Cleanup Company, you’ll be cleaning out all of the junk in the house (also called a “trashout or a “junk out”), as well as cleaning the interior of the home. You may also be required to remove vehicles on the property. Usually foreclosure cleanup companies are also responsible for doing a basic landscape cleanup which includes hauling out any junk from the front/back yards, cutting the grass and trimming trees/bushes.

Cleaning up the property is the extent of services offered by a Foreclosure Cleanup Company, whereas a Property Preservation Company is also involved in the “securing” of the property and the “preserving” of the property.

Here are some of the services that a preservation company may offer (note that a Property Preservation Company will generally also offer cleanup services):

Securing the Property

o Initial vacant property inspection

o Lock changes

o Boarding of windows and doors

o Temporary roof repair

o Securing swimming pools

Preserving the Property

o Exterior Debris removal

o Abandoned vehicle removal (cars, boats, etc.)

o Interior Debris removal (junk-out)

o Hazardous waste removal

o Interior cleaning services including carpet cleaning

o Window washing/graffiti removal

o Window replacement

o Pool services (draining, acid washing, maintaining, etc.)

o Pest control services

o Yard maintenance/landscaping

o Snow removal

o Winterization

o Gutter cleaning

o Pressure washing

o Carpet removal & replacement

o Tile/Floor repairs

o Painting

o Sheetrock/drywall repairs

o Carpentry repairs

o Plumbing fixtures repairs & replacements

o Fire & mold remediation

o Fence repair

Here are a few things to consider when determining the extent of the services you want to offer:

A Contractors’ License is generally not required for Foreclosure Cleanup Company but is likely required for preservation companies doing work over a certain dollar value (usually $500 – $1000+). Sometimes this license can be obtained by attending a course and successfully passing a test whereas other states require previous, verifiable industry experience.

The insurance premiums tend to be higher on companies that offer preservation services as they are considered to be a “general contractor”. However, the revenue potential is much higher as preservation services tend to run from a few thousand dollars upwards instead of $800 – $1500 for each cleanout.

Usually what people do is start out initially offering just the foreclosure cleanup services and then when things pick up, they’ll add preservation items to the list of services they offer. This let’s them get their foot in the door without having to spend a whole lot of money upfront when setting up their company.

Source the Right Equipment & Tools

The great thing about starting a foreclosure cleanup company is that the initial expenses are quite low as much of the equipment and tools needed for cleaning foreclosures can likely be found in your own garage:

o Cleaning chemicals (i.e. all purpose cleaner, disinfectant, toilet bowl cleaner, window cleaner)

o Cleaning supplies (broom, mop, scrub pads)

o Vacuum cleaner

o Garbage bags and shovels

o Work gloves and disposable plastic gloves

o Lawn mowers & lawn tools

o Wheelbarrow

For the smaller items you don’t have on hand, check your local dollar store. Their prices can’t be beat and they usually have the same chemicals and cleaning supplies as the other retailers. Once you start doing some volume, consider shopping for your supplies at Sam’s Club or Costco to keep your expenses low.

You can also find used equipment in great shape (such as vacuums) by going around to your local Saturday morning garage/yard sales. If you have a “Re-Use” center or a Salvation Army, you may consider checking there also as they often have vacuums and other small equipment or yard tools for sale.

For hauling junk, you’ll need some sort of trailer and a vehicle large enough to pull it. If you don’t have a truck and a trailer, you can always borrow a friend’s truck and rent a trailer from U-Haul or just go ahead and rent a moving truck from U-Haul. (Remember though, that you’ll be charged a daily rate plus a per-mile rate when you rent a moving truck whereas if you use your own truck and just rent the pull-trailer, you’ll only incur the daily rental rate for the trailer.)

Sometimes you’ll be required to clean a property that doesn’t have electricity or water. In the event that there’s no electricity, you’ll need a generator to operate the vacuum cleaners and other electrical equipment. These can be rented at Lowe’s or Home Depot and is a much better alternative to purchasing one outright unless you’re going to use it on a regular basis (a new one will run you about $500+).

To save on expenses, it’s best to rent equipment in the beginning.

Once you get up and going, it may be worth looking into purchasing equipment of your own. Check the online classifieds ads (such as Craigslist, Kijiji and Backpage) for used trailers, generators, etc. You should also check with U-Haul as they have been selling some of their excess trucks as of late.

Stay Safe on the Job

As a business owner, you’re responsible for keeping your staff safe while working on the job. Working safely is paramount to the health of your staff and the reputation of your business (and also keeps your insurance premiums low). It’s imperative that you review safety issues prior to allowing anyone to work on the job – you must provide both classroom and on-the-job safety training to all new hires.

Now, it doesn’t have to be anything fancy; you can spend 20 – 30 minutes reviewing safety policies, safe working practices and answering any questions and then you’ll be done! Make sure you have people sign in and out of the meeting and that you document that a safety meeting took place.

It’s also very important that you become familiar with OSHA and Safety Standards as well as the health & safety hazards associated with this industry so that you can keep your staff safe, avoid accidents and costly fines. You can find the OSHA Pocket Guide to Construction Safety (it’s a short and an easy read) at the main website (OSHA DOT gov) by searching for the report name.

Another way to protect your staff and your business is to make sure that you check references before you hire someone. Insist that they list non-related references (i.e. not mother, sister or best friend) and instead list references of previous employers or someone they know in a professional capacity. We also do drug testing and background checks – it might sound paranoid to some, but the safety of our staff, our customers’ property and our company’s reputation is far too important to risk not spending $20 on a background check or drug test.

Price Your Services Right

In this industry, the lowest price always wins the bid (unless, of course, the lowest bidder has a terrible track record of not completing work and is utterly irresponsible and unprofessional, in which case the company has just committed “reputation-suicide” and will never be hired again). Lenders don’t want to spend any more than they have to on these properties so you want to make sure you price your services comparable with the going market rates (but at the same time, priced so that you still make a great profit and don’t leave any money on the table).

For cleaning out foreclosures, most banks expect to spend anywhere from $500 – $1500 for a cleanout (trashout, interior clean and initial landscape cleanup), but it could be a bit more or a bit less, depending on your area. It’s important to know that most lenders have prescribed “price caps” for the maximum amounts that they’ll pay for services.

If you’re also providing preservation services, a great site that we’ve used before to determine our prices for doing repairs is www.CostEstimator.com for getting the market rates for construction costs – you can get a free 30 day trial (no need to enter credit card – it really is free!). There are over 3,000 cost items adjusted for over 210 local, geographic regions to create your bid and you can add as many others as needed. If you want to sign up after the trial, it’s only $15/month.

Market Your Services

It’s true – “nothing happens until somebody sells something”… and you’ll need to get out there and sell, sell, sell your business. Once you’ve done a few jobs, you’ll find that word of mouth advertising and referrals will provide a large pool of new jobs for you, but in the meantime, you do need to do everything possible to let customers know you exist.

A large portion of work will come from the relationships that you build with Real Estate Agents (“Realtors”) who list bank-owned homes (often referred to as REO listings). They are often given the task of bidding out the cleaning and repairs of new listings by the asset management company so you’ll want to make sure the agents in your area know your company handles this type of work.

A great way to find out which Realtors in your area list REOs is to go online to the major bank’s REO websites and “data mine” the contact information for the listing agents (name, email, phone numbers). It can be painstaking work, but definitely worth it.

Here’s an example of a bank REO sites to get you started collecting Realtor information

WELLS FARGO (Properties managed by Premier Asset Services): pasreo.com/pasreo/images/pas_logo.jpg

NOTE: In order to access agent information, select the state and click search. Then, individually select each listing and click on “Print Property Report CVS”. Each listing and corresponding information (such as agent name, phone # and email) will be created in an Excel spreadsheet. You can access the page

Remember to follow up with a phone call a few days later. Don’t be shy about asking the Realtor if he/she has any jobs for you to bid, either – most of them are very accommodating and willing to give a new company the opportunity to provide estimates.

The other way jobs are bid out is through large Asset Management Companies (also referred to as Marketing & Management Companies, REO Field Service Companies and Property Management Companies). Essentially, the lender says, “ok – I have thousands of properties to get rid of. Here, national ABC Asset Management Company: clean, fix and sell these properties for us”. And the national Asset Management Company will then subcontract out the work to local foreclosure cleanup and property preservation companies. In order to work for these companies, you usually need to sign up your company as a potential vendor. Many times this can be done online.

There are both positives and negatives associated with working for the larger companies. On the positive side, you will probably be given a few projects to work on at a time so you will be kept relatively busy. On the negative side, they usually want you to offer ‘wholesale pricing’ and don’t pay until 30 – 60 days after you invoice them for the work. Working for one of these companies, however, will give you the experience you need to go after more work.

Other possible customers include wholesale property investors (groups of investors that purchase foreclosed homes at the auctions and then sell them to smaller investors at a wholesale price), investors, landlords, property management companies, Realtors and so on.

You should also consider attending your local networking events such as the Chamber of Commerce meetings and any local investor meetings in order to hand out your card and network with potential customers. The more you get out there, the better chance you’ll have of securing some great, long-term customers!

This is definitely an exciting industry and a very profitable one for those of you who don’t mind getting your hands a bit dirty! Good luck!

Newark Solar Energy Project To Save 4,400 Trees

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gutter We are an Great Gutter serivice company here in Colorado Springs providing you with fast and professional service. Check us out today!On Tuesday, December 15, City of New Jersey officials, along with Weston Solutions, Inc. executives and Wilson Avenue Realty representatives, got together for a final inspection of a 200-kilowatt rooftop solar system at the city’s engineering department motor vehicle garage.

Located at 233-249 Wilson Avenue, in Newark’s East Ward, the 55,472-square foot building, occupied via a long-term lease from Wilson Ave. Realty, features a $1.3-million system which will provide about 83 percent of the building’s electricity needs when completed in January of 2010.

Comprised of 806 solar photovoltaic panels delivering 240,719 kilowatt-hours per year, the system will prevent about 173 metric tons of carbon dioxide from being emitted by regional utility Public Service Electric & Gas, or PSEG, whose generation mix is about half nuclear, with coal and natural gas making up most of the balance.

This 173 avoided tons of carbon dioxide, a potent greenhouse gas, is equivalent to removing 33 cars from American roads, or planting 4,433 trees, and represents part of New Jersey’s increasing commitment to clean, renewable solar energy.

The solar array is the result of a cooperative effort between Wilson and Weston Solutions, Inc., with the latter owning and operating the solar panel array and selling power back to the City of Newark at a cost below existing retail rates, so the city will see an immediate economic benefit.

The solar installation also produced job training, via collaboration between the city’s Engineering and Sustainability Office and various community groups like the Urban Environmental Institute and NewarkWorks. Graduates earned solar installation certification from the New Jersey Institute of Technology, which prepared them to participate in the installation and enables them to find other, solar-related jobs in the future.

The solar installation was the last step in a wide-ranging energy efficiency upgrade at the garage, which repairs the city’s fleet of vehicles, including police cars, fire trucks and waste removal trucks. The city’s fleet of 1,100 vehicles includes 463 police cars alone.

In addition to being home to half a dozen solar panel firms like SeaBright Solar, Soltra Energy Solutions, and Solar Energy Systems LLC, Newark is located in the only state considered a serious contender to California, which currently ranks number 1 in solar installations nationally. New Jersey currently produces over 90 megawatts of solar energy, compared with only a single megawatt seven years ago.

Much of this solar growth can be attributed to the state’s Clean Energy Program, which offers an appealing combination of SRECs (solar renewable energy credits, paying about $680 per megawatt-hour), a state rebate, a sales tax exemption, and a net metering policy. In New Jersey, according to recent calculations, a 5-kilowatt system costing $35,000 can end up costing as little as $15,000.

No wonder New Jersey, with solar insolation values half that of California, is going solar by leaps and bounds. Follow the money.

Garage Door Springs, The Danger Zone

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Usually, the largest mechanical thing around your house is the overhead garage door – the one you’re driving your car through, sometimes without even opening it – I know that you do :-).

The major, and the most dangerous componnent of the overhead door is the garage door spring – (or springs depending on the design), which supports the entire weight of the door panels (sometimes over 400 pounds) and helps you to lift / lower the entire door assembly. I have personally installed 3 overhead garage doors with 2 different types of springs, and you do have to trust me on that – garage door springs are under enormous pressure and you can get seriously injured or even killed when performing such work. If you decide to take your chances – it is imperative that you follow instructions to the last detail! Even if you have a friend or a professional doing it for you, read it and check everything after the installer finishes the job. The garage overhead doors have no safety brakes (at least I haven’t heard about any), that would prevent it from falling down when the supporting spring fails. I’ve found some US patents for such devices, but apparently none of them were ever implemented into an actual garage door.

According to the US Consumer Product Safety Commission, garage overhead door related accidents account for thousands of injuries every year (average of 30000 per year). For example, these injuries are: fractures, crushings and amputations. It is believed that not all injuries are reported in the United States . (CPSC)

There are basically two types of the garage door spring systems utilizing tracks / side rails (at least these are the most common types in Illinois and probably the rest of US):

1. garage door torsion spring(s) which are wound-up on a rod above the garage door opening top section ( door header)

2. garage door extension springs that are attached on either side of the door and stretch along the horizontal part of the track when the door is closed

You might also have an old, one piece door that swings outward as it goes up and overhead. This particular design will have springs mounted on the sides of the door opening – at about your waist height, secured to a lever bracket system that extends the springs toward the ceiling at the door closing. It is an old and extremely dangerous system, not manufactured anymore. If you have such a system in the garage, I’d highly recommend replacing it.

Garage door torsion springs – there are either single or double spring designs. The spring will usually break while under the maximum stress which is when the overhead garage door closes / travels down, or it is already completely closed (USUALLY). If you’re closing it manually and it happens during this operation, don’t try to prevent it from crushing down, let it go … well, unless your foot is where the door will slam!

When one of the two garage door springs breaks you need to have them both replaced at the same time! It will cost some extra money, but having an old and new spring installed will:

– put much more stress on the new one

– the door will loose proper balance

– the remaining old garage door spring will most likely break soon

Torsion springs for residential overhead garage doors have anywhere between 5000 – 30000 cycles life span. Those digits represent an average total number of times you should be able to open and close your door before anticipating garage door spring replacement.

Garage door extension springs – you might have either one or two on each side of your overhead garage door A critical issue with those springs is to have a safety cable installed inside of each single spring and secured properly, so when the door opens and closes, the spring can freely slide on this cable! When the garage door spring snaps without the cable inside, broken ends might severely injure anyone standing within their range. The cables should be always included with the overhead garage doors hardware (assuming that they came equipped with extension springs), but A LOT OF PEOPLE either forget to install them, or don’t read instructions and maybe assume that they are not required. Unlike the torsion spring, which doesn’t really show any visual wear until it breaks, extension spring wear is much easier to spot, because they simply change dimensions: the coils are over-stretched (best visible when the garage door is open). If you notice such a behavior on your garage door springs – it’s time for a replacement.

And for both types of the garage door springs – their tension should be evenly adjusted (on a two spring system) so the overhead door travels properly in its tracks – to test it, stop the door slightly above the garage floor (1″ or two) and make sure that its bottom / top edge are perfectly horizontal. Measuring the gap along the bottom might not be the best way to confirm that, because the garage floors are often out of level. Placing a level somewhere in the center section of the garage door top edge would give you the best readout (remember that the door should not be closed completely!). When the springs are properly adjusted, you should be able to raise and stop the garage door at any height, and it should stay at this level without any assistance ( garage door opener arm disconnected).

Important things to remember:

1. Check the rollers / hinges, cables, and the overhead garage door springsoften to ensure they are in good working condition

2. Educate your children about garage door safety

3. Never leave children and disabled persons unattended near or in a garage door path

4. Keep your body clear of the door path when closing

5. Don’t leave a personal property underneath an open garage door

6. Read more about the garage door opener and other garage components

Search Engine Optimization Guide for Webmasters [senior Hs Paper]

Introduction

Search Engines have developed into the Internet’s most popular and powerful source of information, accounting for an estimated 80% of the Internet’s traffic (Heche, 2007, p. 1). As a result, website owners are realizing the power in such devises and are shifting marketing budgets into the optimization of their sites specifically for search engines. During the toddler years of search engine optimization (SEO), crafty developers took advantage of weak search engine algorithms to display their websites in top results, regardless of their site’s relevance. However, as more advanced Internet search engine technologies emerged to solve such exploits, new SEO methods were pursued (Boykin, 2007, p. 1). With the growth in search engine popularity and accuracy, and with newly emerging techniques used to target such engines, SEO has become a cut-throat competitive industry that is quickly being dominated in its utilization by big-business corporations (Murray, 2007, p. 1). Regardless of a company size and status, however, company webmasters with basic knowledge of HTML and blogging can establish top search engine rankings for websites that target niche markets with great efficiency by employing specific on-page and off-page SEO techniques.

A Search Engine Primer

Search engines did not become popular overnight. In fact, it took half a decade for the general public to catch on to the power of them. Search engines have become a woven part of society only because of their brilliant architecture; systems with frameworks so complex, yet so simple in user utilization that a novice can operate it. Concisely, the modern search engine is an intricate tool formulated to minimize the discovery time of information by minimizing result digression and maximizing result accuracy based on hundreds of relative factors. The basic functionality of a search engine includes content discovery, indexing, querying, and ranking (Fishkin, 2007, p. 4).

Content discovery is often referred to as “Web crawling”. The analogy of the “Web” is an important concept to grasp, since its analogy will act as a backbone to understanding the search engine discovery process and the terminology involved. The internet can be generally referred to as the World Wide Web, or just Web for short, because the structure of the internet most resembles the structure of a spider web (Davis, 2005, p. 1). Each of the billions of pages of content are linked together in some way or another to create an incomprehensibly large network of connections. Consequently, search engines have called their automated programs that crawl this web “bots” or “spiders”. Modern crawlers revisit indexed sites on a regular basis to look for changes or revisions. Sites are normally updated by the crawler between a one or two months time. In estimation, search engines have only crawled about half of the Web’s content pages, accounting for between eight to ten billion pages (Fishkin, 2007, p. 4).

Every page that is crawled on the Web by a search engine is placed into a gigantic database called an index or sometimes a catalogue. Massive organization is applied to the index in a way that requests can sort through billions of pages and find relevant matches within just fractions of a second. Sometimes it can take a considerable amount of time for a search engine to actually index a site after crawling it. During this time, the site will not be available on index to those searching (Fishkin, 2007, p. 4).

Content querying is the provision of an interface or gateway connecting the human user and the results waiting inside the search engine database. The results vary in type from web pages to online published word processor documents, and are returned to the user based on the criteria they indicate. The method a user might use to indicate criterion varies based on the search engine. Search engines normally provide a blank text input field in which the user can type terms or phrases into then press a button to send the query to the search engine for processing. Many modern search engines incorporate exclusive input syntaxes that a user might learn to take full advantage of the search engine’s power. Natural language searches, however, allow a user to input full sentence-structured questions instead of requiring the user to learn query syntaxes (Sullivan, 2007, p. 1). An example of syntax is placing terms in quotations. Google, the most commonly used search engine of today, uses quotations to specify results that return exact matches to all the terms in the order they are listed in quotations. Google includes ten other operators used to better define a query and home in on the target results (Google Cheat Sheet, 2007, p. 1).

Ranking becomes a search engine’s most distinguishing process, as this will determine what and how information is displayed to the user. A commonality all search engines share by nature is the organization of pages by relevancy starting first with most relevant and ending with least. The higher a page’s rank is, the higher the site’s probable relevance will be as perceived by the engine. Every search engine uses its own unique method of determining how pages rank in relation to one another, and these are called algorithms. An algorithm is a mathematical formula that will take into consideration dozens of factors that have positive and negative effects on page rank. Think of it as a set of rules that a judge uses to determine which girl wins in a beauty pageant. The winner will always showcase more than just beauty alone, but instead, indicate a deeper purpose like the reputation, talents, and even life intentions. The many factors involved in judging contestants in a beauty pageant are very much like the factors used to rank a webpage (Sisson, 2006, p. 12).

Brief History of the Search Engine

The earliest breeds of search engines were not actually search engines at all, but rather massive directories of content pages manually submitted by their authors. It was not until spiders and bots came to the scene that people began to see the power behind such tools (Wall, n.d., p. 8). Archie appeared in 1990 as the very first tool used to search pages of the Internet. It was named Archie to resemble the word “archive” without the “v”. Built by Alan Emtage, the program indexed directory listings from public FTP sites. An alternative tool emerged a year later called Gopher, which indexed solely text files instead of all computer files. Two other index systems called Veronica and Jughead searched the Gopher index servers and provided more targeted keyword search (Wall, n.d., p. 2). By 1993, a new generation of search engine emerged from a student at MIT: automated web crawling. Initially used for counting and measuring the size of the Web, the first web crawling bot on the Internet was named the World Wide Web Wanderer by its creator Matthew Gray. ALIWEB (Archie-Like Indexing of the Web) was introduced in the same year with the capability to collect page meta-data and allow page authors to submit their own content. Search engines and crawling technology wasn’t yet seen as having any true significance for society until further university experiments were done (Wall, n.d., p. 1).

As the Internet gained popularity and started appearing as a business opportunity to investors, college students began getting large funding opportunities. This boom in funding caused break-through developments such as relevancy-based indexing to occur. Corporations like Altavista, Ask Jeeves, Lycos, Yahoo, and Google in turn met at the search engine scene, each bringing their own new innovations to the table. Altavista offered a brand new method of searching for the end-user known as natural language inquiry (Wall, n.d., p. 1). Ask Jeeves was quick to mimic this technique, but also focused on building its index from web communities. A few years later, Altervista was bought by Yahoo! for 235 million dollars, which was just one of that many small steps taken toward the multi-billion dollar establishment Yahoo! is today (Olsen, 2003, p. 1). Lycos contained the largest index of any search engine of its time with more than 60 million documents in 1996, but eventually evolved into the fifth most popular web portal in the world (Sherman, 2002, p. 1). Lycos abandoned its own search engine algorithm, and began powering its search feature by Ask in 2006, which is former Ask Jeeves (O’Reilly, 2006, p. 1).

Although Google entered the scene relatively late in 1998, it still managed to ultimately come out on top from its tough search engine competitors (Google Milestones, 2007, p. 1) Through collaboration, Larry Page and Sergey Brin babied their creation until receiving more than 25 million dollars in funding in just a year’s time from its initial launch (Google Milestones, 2007, p. 3). Google partnered with AOL and Yahoo! by early 2000, which also marked the release year of the renowned Google toolbar (Google Milestones, 2007, p. 4). In 2007, Colvin of CNN reported that “Google’s figure is $149 billion and rising fast, pushing the company past most of America’s biggest, most successful, most respected corporations” (Colvin, 2007, p. 1). It is clear that Google has conquered the search engine war, rendering it as the most valuable search engine webmasters can optimize for their websites. Google has practically set the standard for other search engines that have followed the leader’s footsteps. Because of this, Google-specific page ranking factors are currently the most significant for any SEO venture because of competing search engines’ inherent similarities (Ryan, 2006, p. 1).

On-Page Search Engine Optimization

Jumping straight into SEO, it is imperative to understand that success relies heavily on the keywords that are chosen for the optimization venture. Because keyword terms can be found inside content, titles, headers, and images of a webpage, these are all considered on-page objects and therefore contribute to the optimization of the page itself. Keywords can be thought of as the foundation upon which SEO is built on, when if removed from the equation it leaves a broken structure. In relation to SEO, keywords are terms used to define the purpose of a webpage in its entirety (Fishkin, 2007, p. 9).

Commonly, there is confusion between metadata keywords and content keywords. metadata entries, which are code strings placed in the code heading of pages, are no longer used for relevancy because they were taken advantage of by having irrelevant keywords that attracted undeserved attention. For this metadata keywords are no longer used, while metadata descriptions are only used as snapshots for a few rare search engine directory page entries. Because of all this, metadata entries are very insignificant to SEO. In the world of keywords, content is king. When a search query is sent, the search engine will try to return with pages that match best to the inquiry keywords found within a page’s content (Sisson, 2006, p. 8). Since so much relies on keywords, it is common practice to conduct research to seek the right related keywords or keyword combinations that are optimizable for a given scenario. There are several free online tools available for keyword research, such as the tool suite found at http://tools.seobook.com/keyword-tools (Callen, 2005, p. 32)

Keywords that are too popular will actually have a negative impact on search rankings because of the overcoming competition. Instead of seeking popular solo keywords like “insurance” or “games”, it is much more effective to find a niche (Callen, 2005, p. 12). A niche homes in on the specific product, idea, or service that is attempting to be displayed in search results. When optimizing for a focused target audience, the competition is easier to outsource, and in turn will always promise high rankings when page optimization is established. Instead of seeking a single magic keyword, it is best to seek a keyword combination or a phrase that will best describe a niche specifically. Most people enter 2-5 word phrases into search queries, which ensures security with multi-keyword niches (Sisson, 2006, p. 13).

Some webmasters have tried repeating their keywords excessively on their pages to boost frequency. What these webmasters might not understand is that excessive keywording is like playing with fire, where if they get too close they will get burned. If a search engine notices an unusually excessive repetition of keywords, the engine will demote the site and may even ban it from its index completely. In contrast to this, search engines are now intelligently seeking common relationships between terms on the Web, so when keywords are used throughout a document with fluency and in good context, this can quickly benefit a site’s ranking (Fishkin, 2007, p. 9).

Keywords should be strategically placed on a webpage to maximize keyword frequency without running the risk of being seen as a keyword spammer by the search engine. If more than one keyword combination is being targeted by your site, it is important not to strand keywords together in an attempt to increase keyword relevance. In page content, header code tags will emphasize keywords for users as well as search engine spiders. Placing keywords naturally in the alt tags of content relating images will also boost page relevance, and return your site in image search results. Most importantly, naturally mentioning keywords in body paragraph text will increase keyword frequency. To reiterate however, it is important not to overuse keywords in body paragraphs, since some search engines might suspect a site with that sort of ‘keyword juicing’ as spam (Sisson, 2006, p. 13).

Linking is another imperative factor of page rankings which will be covered in greater detail in off-page techniques, but is also a part of on-page optimization. Internal linking generates a hierarchy of synonymous page rank based upon which pages are linked most. Many webmasters often do not realize they are making a mistake when chain-linking content more than two levels away from the homepage, or mesh linking. Mesh linking occurs when every page contains a link to every other page in the site, giving every page with equal importance. This means a contact or form page will rank just as high as the actual meat of the site. To solve this issue and direct the search engines’ focus towards pages of importance, a hierarchical linking system should be established. To create linking hierarchy, not all pages are cross linked, and important pages are linked to by the largest number of pages on the site (Sisson, 2006, p. 37).

Off Page Search Engine Optimization

While on-page optimization provides a solid basis for a website being recognized by spiders, it is the links from other websites that determine the rank of the recognized page. Off-page search engine optimization is mostly concerned with this establishment of inbound links to the focus website. The process is known as link building, and is by far the most strenuous aspect of SEO. A site’s page rank is determined by both the quantity and quality of its incoming links. The quality of a link is the most weighted factor, which is based upon the page rank of the site making the link. If the linked site has relevance to the site being optimized, then this is a positive detail (Fishkin, 2007, p. 26). Relevancy is determined by comparing keywords in website titles, the anchor text of the link, and even its IP address. The IP address or number value that the domain name refers to may have less weighted effect on page ranking if it shares a common third octet (Sisson, 2006, p. 43). Sites that have very high page ranks are referred to as ‘authoritative’ and will almost automatically boost the page rank of a site it links to. Two forms of linking exist: two-way and one-way.

Two-way linking is also known as reciprocal linking because it is a mutual establishment between site owners. This method is essentially a link swap. Some webmasters carry the misconception that paying for well known link exchange services will guarantee site visits, but this is only true on a temporary degree (Sisson, 2006, p. 54). Also, link exchanges are considered manipulative and have a record of incurring removal of sites from search engine indexes.

One-way link building can sometimes be considered a science and art, since many techniques are nothing short of brilliant. One scheme often used to build massive amounts of inbound links is to produce a gadget or banner that appeals to other site owners, and encourages them to take a code snippet for the gadget or personalized banner and place it on their own site. An example of this method is evident at www.nerdtests.com. This site offers a free and fun online quiz that ranks the user’s nerdiness in percent relation to everyone else who took the quiz and awards an ‘official title’ banner code based on the outcome. These banners can be found floating all around the net in user signatures of online community forum boards or even on personal blogs and provides www.nerdtests.com with an endless link base (Spencer, 2007, p. 1).

The most common and reliable method of getting back-links is submitting articles to informative websites, which usually give authors an opportunity to link to their personal site. Social bookmarking sites like Digg, Del.icio.us, StumbleUpon, and Propeller all have recently become a hit sensation among frequent internet users. These bookmarking sites provide a portal to sites recommended by other users. If the content on a site is valuable or entertaining enough to people, social bookmarking sites may be the most effective approach to off-page optimization since they are based on popularity and massive viral tendencies (Hagen, 2007, p. 5).

Method

As my primary research, I conducted an interview on October 25, 2007, consisting of ten focused questions about SEO with Bill Slawski. Bill is the President of SEO by the Sea and the Director of Internet Marketing for KeyRelevance Inc., and was directly referred to me by Rand Fishkin, one of the world’s most renowned and authoritative SEO experts. Bill is one of the founders and administrators of Cre8asite Forums, is an active correspondent for Search Engine Land, and writes a weekly column for their small business section. Mr. Slawski’s professional credentials substantiate the validity of his interview responses and provide access to exclusive insider industry knowledge. The interview was completed via electronic mail, in which Bill took full advantage of to respond with in-depth and intuitive answers complete with real-world examples.

Results

As the first question of my interview, I asked Bill how he would define SEO to the average Internet user. Bill responded, “In simplest terms, Search Engine Optimization (SEO) is applying knowledge of how search engines work to make sites easier to find on the web for the audiences that those pages were intended to attract. In more complicated terms, SEO is a matter of combining an application of marketing ideas and a knowledge of search engines to help bring the right people to a site so that they will change from visitor to consumer.” This description spells out the fundamental concepts of SEO. It is important to understand SEO, in essence, is limitless in ways of targeting consumer markets. While advertising schemes might be limited to the specific targets the advertising company provides based upon the small amount of information shared with them about your product, SEO delves into your niche and allows for much more targeting flexibility.

My second question for Bill was, “In what ways is SEO more effective or efficient than other online marketing methods?” He responded saying, “Search engine optimization means being aware of how search engines might collect information from the pages of a website, and making it easy for the search engines to index the content of those pages. In effect, it means enabling a search engine to become an index for the pages of a site. It can be less expensive than using the paid contextual ads that you see displayed with search results at a search engine, or the banner ads that show up on other websites that may point to the site advertised.” This cost efficiency is an important component of why business professionals are making the leap away from conventional pay per click advertising as their primary marketing strategy and making the switch to search engine optimization.

The third question pointed towards the public view on this experts own industry. My question was, “Do you think the power of SEO is relatively undermined, or in contrast, do you think it is overplayed as an online marketing method in the industry?” He responded with, “Search is one of the commonest activities that people get involved in when the go online, so making a website easy to be found in a search engine for people who might be looking for what that site has to offer is a good idea. It can make sense to include SEO as one part of a multiple part marketing effort, and to build a strong marketing plan that includes both online and offline parts. Unfortunately, there are differing skill sets amongst people who offer SEO services – some are just better than others.” While my question was meant to explore SEO’s public relation solely, Bill brought up an extremely important reiteration of SEO’s unknown power when combined with an ultimate market plan encompassing offline target markets as well as the ones who exist online. This also adds to the concept of ‘limitless’ SEO possibilities.

I asked for my next question, “Can any website benefit from SEO?” Bill explained, “SEO is only really important to sites that want to increase their visibility on the Web. A game clan site, where everyone who needs to know the address of the site already does has no need for SEO. But, if you hope to attract visitors to your pages, it doesn’t hurt to make them as search friendly as possible. And if you want to attract people to those pages who might be interested in the content of the pages, it doesn’t hurt to try to use words on the pages that those people might try to search with on a search engine, and to do it in a manner that makes it more likely that those words will be found earlier on in search results.” Drawn from his answer is a suggestion of widely conventional use for SEO. Unless meant specifically to be concealed from Internet users, any website seeking visitors can benefit largely from any amount of SEO. Since amateur implementation of SEO is key part of this paper, the next question was very distinctive in terms.

I asked, “Is it possible for webmasters to (with fundamental knowledge of HTML and blogging) implement SEO for themselves with relatively successful results for their small websites?” Unsurprisingly, my prediction was reinforced with his answer. Bill said, “Webmasters with a fundamental knowledge of HTML and blogging can achieve some success with being found on the web, but having a good knowledge of how search engines work can help a webmaster make better choices about how their site is set up for success with search engines.” I asked, “In general, what is the timeline of results returned by SEO?” Bill responded saying, “The amount of time that it may take to achieve results may vary by the site involved and how much work it might need, the competitiveness of the market it is within, and the demand for what the site offers. It’s almost impossible to guarantee success generally, and perhaps even harder to do it within a specified timeline.” While other sources have noted results can be seen in a matter of days in some cases, it seems there is no definitive amount of time that promises results to become evident. In that, the SEO marketing solution may not always suite for website owners seeking instant Web traffic.

This question focused on SEO as a long-term asset. I asked Bill, “Do you believe SEO may become obsolete in the future?” He explained, “I don’t see it becoming obsolete as much as I see it evolving. What we considered SEO in 1998 is different than what we consider it to be now. If you look at a set of search results in Google today, you may see videos, images, news, web pages, product searches, and other results that you wouldn’t have seen even a couple of years ago. The web is changing and search engines are changing, and helping people so that they understand some of these changes and how they might impact their web sites will probably continue to be a need to be filled in the future.” This provides a fairly straight answer indicating that SEO will only continue to progress with changes over time, rendering SEO as a very reasonable long-term asset for any website.

My final and most important question asked, “In what ways might SEO be viable for businesses with niches?” Bill responded saying, “Finding a niche where you can be competitive, and where there’s a demand from consumers can increase your likelihood of success. A small business can often take advantage of working within a niche that a larger business might find to be too much work for too little return. If the smaller business has considerably less overhead in terms of cost and time, they may be able to thrive in one of those niches. By focusing upon a specific market or audience that others aren’t, it may be possible to be found easier if people want to find the service or goods or information that you provide within that niche.” This is a fabulous reverberation of how specific keyword combinations and niches interact. Focusing on smaller markets can provide a better means of success on a smaller, yet more attainable scale.

Discussion

Throughout the extent of my research, SEO had been discovered to be one of, if not the, most effective Internet marketing strategies available today. Statistics have shown that the largest magnitude of online users discover information and merchandise through the use of search engines. SEO channels that majority of Internet traffic directly into a marketable solution, idea, or product with the best cost and time efficiency. By employing on-page and off-page techniques, a webmaster with basic knowledge of HTML and blogging can supply a particular niche website with a top search engine result ranking respective to its niche search keywords. Keywords play an imperative role in the SEO venture by providing the base of the optimized structure. The keyword focus of a pre-optimized website is determined through intense research by identifying competition and analyzing keyword query frequencies using particular keyword research tools. After keywords are determined, on-page content structure and coding is the next priority, seeing as off-page link building logically requires a quality page to link to beforehand. Off-page techniques will utilize link building strategies to launch the rankings already established by on-page SEO past competition.

The product produced as a result from my intense research will enable any adventurous amateur with fundamental HTML and blogging familiarity to pursue SEO with relatively guaranteed success. My product, in the form of a website, guides the pursuer with simple and concise instructions. The website splits the SEO mission between on-page and off-page techniques which have been explained in earlier sections of this paper. Instead of discussing these techniques in non-applicable generality however, the website will demonstrate specific examples of each optimization practice with its own optimized features.

To view my final product website, click here.

For references used in this paper, click here.

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Computer repair the remote way

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If the computer is a technological marvel, Internet has outwitted it, and it has taken even computer repairs into unprecedented heights. computer repair itself can now be managed through the virtual medium.

Online computer repair is routinely done nowadays by the manufacturing company, which has sold the machine to the computer owner. They invariably have an ID with which they can log on to the computer and manage the repairs during the warranty period. After the initial warranty period if the buyer opts for extended warranties, the provision for computer repairs through online access will continue.

Independent computer service centers also provide remote access computer repair services. Since most service providers offer the choice of online service along with onsite or offsite computer repair, it is up to the customer to choose which one he needs. While doing computer repair via remote access, the technician will be able to see the customer’s computer fully on his computer screen. This means that he will be seeing all the errors and problems exactly as the customer is seeing it sitting in front of the computer. This facility makes it easy for the customer because he does not have to mail to the technicians or explain to him orally what the error is.

Different types of computer repairs like getting rid of viruses, removing spyware, installing software, updating software or operating system, reversing file corruption, and all forms of computer optimization can easily be done through remote access. computer repair requirements resulting from mechanical reasons will be less amenable to repair by remote access. At least some of the problems will require onsite computer repair.

Even so, service providers will be able to identify the problem from a distance without having to come in person and examine the machine. Sometimes they will be able to rectify the problem by giving online guidance to the customer. Also getting a diagnosis done by remote access saves them time and the need to travel just for examining.

Even though during online computer repairs the machine is completely left open to the technician at the other end, the owner does not completely lose control over the machine. There is a provision, which allows the owner to deny access if he feels that there is misuse. The connection program that allows remote access is generally disconnected after the repair and reactivated when another computer repair becomes necessary.

With time being a constraint for everyone, lots of people prefer to have their computer repairs done through remote access. As long as users have a good Internet connection, problems can be solved instantly. Online computer repair service providers generally charge an hourly rate. It is a money saver formula for both the customer and the service provider. Since the traveling expense is not there, the technician will be able to charge less for it, and also provide the service at all times of the day.

Internet is chock-a-block with remote access computer repair specialists. By doing comparison-shopping and also basing the selection on personal recommendations, customers can choose from among them. Though professional ethics will prevent the service providers from misusing the computer access that they have been given, some people may be uncomfortable about keeping their machines open to others and may prefer not to avail the facility.

PCSoft is a Sydney based computer repair, computer maintenance, and Services Company and provides same day onsite support, repair and service anywhere in Sydney. We can send a computer technician to your home or office for onsite assistance, computer repairs and servicing today.

What Are Copper Nails and What Are They Used for?

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Have you ever walked down a hardware store isle and seen copper nails? Nearly everyone has, but who buys those, and what are they used for? It isn’t often that you will find someone buying them. These nails are actually quite nifty and can be used for many different things. Learn about what they are used for and who uses them in this article.

Types of Copper Nails and What They are used for

Firstly, what kinds of copper nails are there? There are copper clout nails and copper annular ring clout nails, as well as many others. These are some of the most common. Other types include copper pins, slates, straps and disk rivets.

Copper clouts and annular rings are used primarily for slates and roofing materials such as tiles. They come in a huge array of different sizes because everyone needs different kinds of clouts for different projects. Most likely, you will end up using copper nails because building regulations prohibit the use of galvanised nails for roofing types such as slate, or because galvanised nails do not last in coastal regions.

Copper clouts provide a longevity that other types of nails will not provide. Also, copper nails have an ease of use that no other kind of nails have, as they can be easily pulled out, and they do not lose their protection. Galvanised nails often corrode very fast, which leads to problems such as roof slates sliding off of the roof. These nails are known for their endurance, which will make your roof last longer.

Copper pins are another type that are used most often for decorating, such as beading and other crafting applications. They are short and the perfect size for this and any decorating needs you have in your home. Additionally, they have a longer life than many other types of nails that are used in these decorating projects. However, they are for indoor use only.

Disk rivets are used exclusively for roofing. If you have fibre cement tiles or slates, these are the perfect way to secure them to your rooftop. Fibre cement tiles are much easier to use than traditional tiles and slates because they are easily replaced. With copper nails such as these, the job will be made even easier.

When you are in need of a good nail for decorating, roof work, or even killing trees, these are the perfect solution. Found at nearly any hardware store, copper nails are also very inexpensive, and can also be bought online from the likes of Tradefix Direct or Screwfix.

Should You Start Your Own Electrician Business? – Pros and Cons

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Just about anyone would love to start their own business. The thought of being able to call the shots and work on your own really sounds great on the surface, but becoming an electrician is a far more difficult task than most people think. It takes years of dedication and learning to become licensed and to become a credible business is a whole other struggle.

Here are the Pros of why you should start you own electrician business:

• Potential Income – Electricians can make anywhere from $40 – $100 dollars an hour and the electrician business is one of the fastest growing businesses in the United States. For you this means there is going to be plenty of money to make if you can become licensed and insured.

• Self Employed – The great thing about become an electrician is the fact you can run your own business with your own rules. You can work from your home or office as long as you have all the materials needed to perform services.

• Tax Benefits – There are a lot of tax benefits of running your own business. The government will literally give you money for start-up costs. The schooling you need will be costly and the government will help out with a portion of that as well.

Here are the Cons of why you shouldn’t start you own electrician business:

• Apprenticeship – It takes years of being an apprentice to a licensed electrician to be able to become one of your own. Some people just don’t have the drive to make it through the years of schooling and apprenticeship that it takes to become licensed in this business.

• Dangerous – Electricians have the possibility of being electrocuted and killed if the right voltage is discharged. There are stories all over the internet about electricians accidentally getting hurt or even worse, killed on jobs where something went wrong. This is a very dangerous job that has high risks of injury. Keep this in mind if you have children or people that rely on you on a regular basis.

• Competition – The competition is this field is high but if you are licensed and insured, you will set yourself apart from a high percentage of the electricians marketing themselves online or on Craigslist. Most of the electricians that you will find on Craigslist, might say they are licensed but they really aren’t. I suggest that when you get your license, you display it on your ads and website, so people know that you are licensed and insured right away.

Becoming an electrician is not an easy task but if you stay motivated, finish your schooling and apprenticeship, and get licensed and insured, it is very likely that you can become successful in this business.

Roof Cleaning Products – What Should I Use to Clean My Roof and Why?

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Roof cleaning products to remove black algae, moss, or fungus from your roof shingles are usually made with one of two active ingredients. In this article we will review the two different types of products most widely used by homeowners and contractors and the pros and cons of each.

The first roof cleaning product we will discuss is Chlorine Bleach (sodium hypochlorite) or lye (sodium hydroxide). This type of roof cleaning product is primarily used by professional roof cleaners due to the caustic nature of the active ingredient (sodium hypochlorite) as well as being the most economical chemical available. Industrial strength Chlorine Bleach is also a readily available product that can found at pool supply retailers which make it easy for contractors to purchase as needed.

PROS: Cheapest chemical available to use. Normally, no pressure needed when rinsing. Chlorine Bleach is readily available to purchase as needed from pool supply retailers.

CONS: This is a very harsh, dangerous chemical, and if used incorrectly could potentially stain, dry out or damage your shingles, remove the finish on aluminum gutters, stain painted surfaces, damage plants and grass, or create health hazards for your pets and children. Just a little bit of over spray while roof cleaning could be disastrous in so many ways. Chlorine bleach is not biodegradable and once it enters the ground it will always be there

Can chlorine bleach or chlorine bleach roof cleaning products be used without this kind of damage occurring? Yes, they can if you are extremely careful. The question you need to ask is when was the last time you did a home improvement project that worked out just the way you thought it would? No matter how careful you are, the chances that you may have over spray get on something else other than your shingles is pretty good. Just a little bit of wind can cause over spray to reach your yard or your neighbor’s yard. Most homeowners are not willing to take that chance so they either hire a professional roof cleaner or use an alternative biodegradable and safe product that we will discuss next.

The second type of roof cleaning products are hydrogen peroxide based and use the active ingredient Sodium Percarbonate, the biodegradable and safe alternative to Chlorine Bleach. Used by both homeowners and professional roof cleaners who want a safe alternative to Chlorine Bleach that is effective in cleaning black algae stains, moss, or fungus from roof shingles.

PROS: This type of roof cleaning product takes the worry out of over spray and will not harm the finish on aluminum gutters, stain painted surfaces, damage plants and grass, or create health hazards for your pets and children. It allows for a biodegradable and safe way of accomplishing the same result. You can approach the cleaning process in two different ways with this type of roof cleaning product. You can spray it on and then use a pressure washer on a low pressure setting (as much as a hard rain) for instant results, or you can spray it on and let the rain rinse away the stains naturally over approximately 90 days. This type of flexibility in the application and rinse process is another reason why homeowners and contractors choose to use this type of biodegradable roof cleaning product.

CONS: Slightly more expensive than Chlorine Bleach. Green products normally cost more than caustic chemicals. In severe cases when using the natural rinse method you may need to reapply after 90 days to achieve your desired result.

Now that you have the facts about the type of roof cleaning products available you can make an informed decision in regards to what is best for you, your family, pets, and home.

Electrical Installations – Understanding The Importance Of Proper Set Ups

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Electricity has made our lives fast, easy and comfortable. Almost everything around us needs some or the other type of electrical installation. According to researches, electrical fires are accountable for almost 300 deaths every year. Most of these fatal incidents are the result of defective electrical fittings. Improper wiring set up, circuit beakers and abnormal use of extension wires are the biggest contributors to these deadly events. So, it’s very important to hire the right professional who has experience in electrical jobs.

Residential fittings

Every residence requires electrical set ups. Whether you’re building a new house or reconstructing the old one, you need a professional electrician for wiring the entire building and connecting the cords to the power lines for receiving electricity. Common items that need electrical mechanisms are wall outlets, circuit breakers and regular appliances like lights, dishwashers, washing machines and dryers.

Car installations

Vehicles are full of multiple electrical elements that need proper fittings. Some common items in a car that need thorough electrical wiring are satellite navigational mechanism, fire alarms and sound systems. What’s more, you’ll find various types of cords below the dashboards, which are crucial for the functioning of the automobile.

Power line fittings

Power lines generally need a trained electrician to make sure that a specific area gets constant electrical supply from generating points. The voltage level in these power lines are quite high and supply electricity to loads of people. Nevertheless, some power lines have low voltage level and make sure that street and traffic lights function properly.

Commercial set ups

There’s a lot of similarity between residential and commercial installations. Nevertheless, there are a few differences between the two. Commercial set ups generally focus on bigger projects like educational institutions, corporations, businesses, factories and manufacturing plants. Commercial and business set ups need electricity that circulate throughout the building. At the time of installation, a professional electrician ensures that a particular building receives sufficient amount of electricity, without placing too much load on the circuit breaker.

So, no matter what the purpose is, choosing the right electrician is very important. A lot of people tend to do the electrical work on their own but that’s very risky. Even the slightest mistake on your part can put your life at stake. So, it’s better to hire a trained person who can execute the task to perfection. However, make sure that you’re hiring the right person. Remember, a wrong professional can spoil the entire set up of a building.

How Does Crane Siding Differ From CertainTeed Siding

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Do you want to know the differences between crane siding and certainteed siding? Let this article guide you in knowing the basic, most important differences between the two.

Crane and CertainTeed are two different siding manufacturing companies. Crane is based in Houston, Texas while CertainTeed originated from Pennsylvania, USA. Both companies offer vynal siding products but they differ on the kinds of products they offer. The most important differences in product offering include:

• Crane offers vinyl siding only while CertainTeed offers vinyl, polymer shakes and fiber cement. Vinyl siding are polymer based and they beautifully mimic the appearance and sometimes, the texture of natural wood.

• Crane offers ordinary siding while CertainTeed offers both ordinary and seamless sidings. As the words imply, the important difference between the seamed and seamless siding is in the appearance of folds (seen in the seamed type) along the connecting points or overlaps. The appearance of folds and overlaps are removed by lengthening the size of seamless siding, it is 40 feet in size while the ordinary is just 6 feet.

• Crane offers thermal and nose enhancements features in their siding, while CertainTeed manufactures insulating siding. The insulating crane siding is the newest variant of vinyl sidings, it helps maintain temperature inside the homes as well lessen the noise heard from the outside.

• Crane focuses on vinyl products and creating vinyl siding that has a texture similar to a natural cedar. CertainTeed extends its siding options by offering fiber cement or what is also understood as hardi board. The fiber cement has the texture and fiber of natural wood but is made more resistant against decay and pests by incorporating it with cement.

Top 5 Tips to Sell Your Home Fast

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Marketing is important in selling anything and real estate is no exception. Statistics show that 85% – 90% of buyers start their home search online. When your selling a home you want to make sure that you have a strong online presence.

Here are 5 tips to sell your home fast.

1. craigslist.org: Craigslist is the #1 site to post online classified ads. This site gets over 20 billion page views per month and there’s a section where you can post your home for sale. Even if you get 1% of the 20 billion people viewing your home, it’s a great way to get your listing viewed and eventually sold. However, you have to be persistent. There are many people posting their home for sale so you might get knocked down to the bottom of the page by the end of the day.

2. youtube.com: YouTube is the most powerful form of marketing. People are always more attracted to photos, videos, and audio rather than plain text marketing. If you have a flip camera or digital camera with video function take a video tour of your home and post it on YouTube. This is just like making a mini-commercial for marketing the sale of your home.

3. postlets.com: This is a website that you can use to post your property listing if you aren’t using a Realtor to sell your home. If you can’t get your home on the MLS (Multiple Listing Service), this would be the second best option to market your home on the internet the best part is that it’s FREE. One post to this site and your listing will get syndicated to multiple other websites so that you can get maximum exposure for your property online.

4. Signs (Yard sign, open house, etc): This is the most traditional method of marketing. The exposure to number of buyers will be far less than internet buyers but you can target a more specific group of people . Think of it this way, majority of the people that will see your signs are your neighbors. Your neighbors more than likely surround themselves with people of similar status, income, lifestyle, etc. and they may know someone who’s interested in moving into your neighborhood.

5. This might be a little technical, but if you know how to save the “image” of the video you can take that image, upload it into your craigslist posting, and post a link from that image back to your YouTube page. Craigslist doesn’t allow a full video to be posted so this is the next best thing. This will drive more traffic to your craigslist post because once again, people like photos and images much more than plain text and it will make your post much more popular.

None of this will matter if your not persistent. Market consistently and persistently and you’ll be selling your home in no time!

Professional Landscaping Design

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Do you dream of entertaining your friends in the beautiful garden of your home? Are you thinking about renovating your home? Instead of renovating the inside of your house again, why not improve the landscape of your property. Having beautiful flowers, a pool, and maybe a fountain can prove to be more than inviting for your guests, it can also serve as a relaxing lawn for you to escape your worries. Let professional landscape company bring your dreams to life.

There are many varieties to consider when choosing the perfect design of your landscape. A professional landscape design company offers a full range of landscape design consultation services with on site designs. The experts of the landscape designers along with your personal design ideas, professional landscape company can make your dreams come true within the given time with little complications.

Professional landscape design company takes time to understand the environment of your ideal area of installation to clarify your needs. They want to give you the best quality service. You’ll be along the designers each stage as you wish to oversee the development of your perfect landscape.

Trees, shrubs, and other plants are an essential part to your landscape designs. They provide a sense of privacy, arduous smell surrounding your home, and they are a sight to see. Unless you’re a botanist or horticulture expert, you may not know that the flowers you place in your yard attract more than your neighbor’s attention. Different plants can attract some beautiful animals into your garden. The experts also give you advice and train you on the knowledge of the plants blooming cycle. You can easily have a blooming garden all year round.

Professional landscape design company goes to great lengths in the selection of the client’s plants, fences, pavements, etc. Choosing the correct activities for your yard guarantees the proper shade, texture, color, and form of the landscape. Some other varieties to consider are decks, ponds, fence, patios, walks, drainage, and paving. There are specific details that can enhance your lifestyle. The details that the professional put into your project are what truly make them experts.

Quality service comes along a professional landscape company that focuses on your need and to try to measure up to your lifestyle. Renovating or improving your landscape can have a peaceful effect to you and your family. A lovely landscape not only serves as a great spot to entertain your guests, it can also increase the value of your property in the long run.

Why Would You Want to Become a Plumber?

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There are a number of different reasons to become a plumber. Some of these reasons include financial benefits, while others include job stability and security. Whatever the reason is for people to find a new job, plumbing has a reason for a person to be a plumber.

The plumbing industry is an up-and-coming business that requires training and strong personalities. The reason for this is that the plumbing corporation is constantly looking for new, talented, workers to fill the spaces of those who are retiring. With this constant need, people with proper training are always needed and will be granted a great job.

Another reason to be a plumber connects to the need of professionals. All professionals want to be paid for their skills. Plumbers are one of the highest paid construction companies. Job location changes pay rates, but these figures will not disappoint anyone looking for a new career. Along with the pay, people want job benefits. Plumbers receive great benefits, such as paid vacations and medical coverage. These stunning benefits are only a few reasons why people should consider becoming a plumber.

Along with getting paid and the job benefits, there are also a couple of other things to look at when deciding if plumbing is the right job. In these economic times, people are constantly losing their job or they are in a job that isn’t stable. By being a part of plumbing companies, workers never have to worry about if their employment is stable. Plumbers have one of the most stable jobs in the country. Even when some construction work is being cut down, plumbers are always needed to maintain or replace existing systems.

Along with never having to worry about having a job, there is always a chance for job advancement. It seems like people start off as an apprentice, and then the next minute they are climbing up the ladder to become a piping superintendent. The way plumbers move up the ladder in their business is incredible and it sends out plenty of positive messages to those thinking about becoming a plumber.

Plumbers also receive incredible training. All jobs require some training in order to ensure their company is hiring the very best. Plumbing companies cannot afford to hire anyone who doesn’t meet their top priorities. This job starts off with people going into apprenticeship programs in order to receive tip-top training. This training isn’t done without any compensation to the trainee – they do receive a living-wage while they are in the process of receiving the best training ever in order to be a plumber. For those interested in it, some people can earn college credit through certain programs and their experience. All of this is just a few good reasons why people are continually trying to be a plumber.

All of these reasons, along with the recognition and life-long friendships people gain through this career, plumbing is shown to be a great job for people who can take the weight. If people can handle the heat in the tight corridors and the constant change in schedules, and the tight schedules, then getting into this profession isn’t a bad idea. Being a plumber requires so much work, but it gives off a lot of positives for its workers and the receivers of the service at all times.

SEO Keyword Research Tips For Yoga Studio Businesses

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SEO can be broken down into 2 main categories – on-page and off-page, also called on-site and off-site SEO. This article focuses on on-page SEO for a yoga business such as a yoga studio to improve a yoga business marketing campaign.

What is on-page SEO?

It’s researching and properly placing key search terms in each page of your website. Key search terms are also called keywords.

It’s critical that your yoga studio website use the very keywords that your prospective students will use to search for the yoga services they want. If your website is found by people who aren’t interested in your site, then you don’t have the optimal search terms.

Keyword research is a refining process. It’s never perfect; it’s a constant work in progress. You measure success by results. Results are the number of visitors to your website and the percentage of visitors who contact your yoga studio.

What are good keywords for a yoga business?

A good starting point for keyword research for a yoga studio is thinking of the required keywords in 2 categories:

  • Your location: your town, the nearest large city, surrounding towns, your county, your state, and any other commonly referred to geographic names in your area.
  • The yoga styles you teach: yin yoga, hatha yoga, kundalini, Bikram, etc.
  • General benefits: yoga, meditation, wellness, health, fitness, yogi, yoga teacher training, etc.

Keep in mind that the term “keyword” refers to a single work and phrases.

Where to research the best keywords?

Google AdWords is a free keyword research resource. I use it all the time. It’s simple, fast, and free. Be sure under “match type” at the top of the right column (in a search results page) to select the “exact” option for more precise results. The results will show you how many searches are performed for many related keywords and keyword phrases.

You want to try a variety of searches; some with your geographic terms, and some without. Don’t be discouraged if phrases with geographic terms have very few monthly searches (i.e. 50); if it shows a number that’s great. Remember that specific geographic search phrases (i.e. “Bellingham Yin Yoga”) with your yoga style will likely rank very well. That means those 50 searches in the future will list your site.

Where to place keywords in your site?

Your keywords, including phrases, must be placed the meta titles, headings, and used in the written content of a web page. Every page in your website is an optimization opportunity. Do not solely optimize your home page. For any yoga studio, you should be able to create a list of 50 to 100 keywords / phrases.

Here’s the thing, each web page in your site should have no more than 2 to 3 keywords. 1 if your keyword phrase is 5 or more words. This means you must methodically plan out on which pages you will place which keyword phrases.

Now you can see why a blog is so valuable; you can create as many new posts as you want and each post can be optimized for a new keyword phrase. Take for example a 15 page website with a blog that has 50 posts. This site has a total of 65 web pages. If each page (a post is a page) has 2 keyword phrases, that site is optimized for 130 keyword phrases. Without the blog, the site could only be optimized for 30 keyword phrases.

That is an overview of on-page, aka on-site SEO for a yoga business. Remember, on-page SEO is only part of the SEO equation; off-page SEO is equally, if not more important than on-page SEO for building tons of quality traffic to your site and blog.

The Importance of Hiring Professional Window Cleaning Services

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Have you often marveled how those high-rise commercial buildings, condominiums and even luxury homes preserve their perfect appearance through the years? Well, the answer behind this is plain and simple. Most business establishments and even homeowners valued the need to hire people who can maintain the above mentioned properties. They hire reliable individuals who have the necessary skills to make the property looks appealing to the eyes. Entrepreneurs do this to get a good impression from other people who may want to do business with them.

In business, the appearance of the establishment plays a very important role to its success or failure because the appearance of a particular establishment dictates the decision-making of potential customers. There are customers who would prefer to do business with a neat looking commercial establishment than with outdated ones. Customers are one good factor why it is very important to hire the service of a professional window cleaner, to preserve the looks of the property from the inside and out and attract customers at the same time.

Apart from the above mentioned, let me share with you the other valuable reasons why hiring professional window cleaning services are important:

Hire professionals to avoid accident

Why do we need to hire professionals if we can easily clean our own windows? Well, that’s absolutely true. Anybody can wipe out dirt and remove unnecessary particles from windows but because we don’t have the necessary skills to do the job correctly like what a real professional has; ordinary people like us will be prone to accident which would cost us time and money, not to mention the suffering and pain we could get out of it.

Hire professionals to get the best possible result

Hiring professional cleaners can provide you the best possible result of having dirt free, spotless windows all-year round. Since these people are experts and because they are fully equipped with the specialized tools used for cleaning windows such as the water- fed pole and ladder, you can feel confident that everything will come out perfectly once they stepped out of your doorway.

Hire professionals to avoid liability

Lastly, it is advisable to hire professional cleaners to avoid responsibility. Always keep in mind that as a property owner, you will be held responsible for any damages and injuries that may happen to anyone inside your property. But when you hire professional cleaners, you can be sure that each of them is insured so you won’t be held accountable if something happens to them during the duration of their job.

Hiring professionals to clean your windows could be ideal somehow because they have the skills and the technology to do the job correctly. But make sure you choose the most competent window cleaning services so you won’t have any regret in the end.

Plumber Training – The Basic Need Of Perfect Plumbing

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A plumber is a person who plans, implements, preserves, visits, and fixes any kind of plumbing system, repairs, instruments and assists in housing and commercial buildings or societies. Apart from a regular career like engineering, medicine, software, etc., plumbing has come up as a good option for those who have the required skills and interest.

Although most of us think that plumbing is normally called as one of the “Pipistrel” but now, in modern times, it is also recognized as a highly skilled and specialized job. One must have specialized skills and knowledge to be a perfectionist in this field. To become a skilled plumber it is very essential for a person to undergo wide training program and obtain a recognized degree of a plumber training school. If one chooses to be a plumber, the person needs a training program to become a professional or perfect plumber. Such plumber training programs are offered by various institutions, organizations and companies.

Getting admission in some of these organizations becomes a herculean task for a few people, as the candidates have to undergo a test and interview. The candidate has to first pass a common test which verifies his ability to work on easy mathematical problems. Such common tests are conducted to test the measurement and calculation skills of the person as these are regarded as the keystones of plumbing.

The plumber training program is basically of three years which consist of 144 hours of course schedule. In some countries the duration of this plumber training program is for four to five years. Some organizations offer short duration courses of 2-5 days. This plumber training program is based on the primary education of plumbing, basic principles and skills which are used for home buildings work. This plumber training course includes training on the topics like basic principles of plumbing, efficient use of equipments and instruments, safety measures workplaces, and some other similar topics. Such plumber training courses include theoretical as well as practical training which is very essential. The students get their degree of plumbing on the basis of written exams, demonstrations of their skills, observation of their teachers and their appraisals.

Today there is huge shortage of plumbers in our society which has immensely increased the interest of people to join plumber training schools. According to the “Times of India” this shortage had immense effect on the economy of our society as the wages of the plumbers have also increased inevitable. Roughly if we calculate there are 20,000 plumbers needed in India at wages of 300/- Rs per day.

In short, we can conclude by saying that plumber training courses help the interested people to gain the necessary skills and knowledge regarding plumbing. One may also set up his own firm after completion of this plumbing training program.

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Source by James Copper

Lowes Garage Door Installation Cost Will Save You Money

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Lowes Home Improvement stores are well known for their low prices and quality products. If you own a home you probably have used Lowes to find the products you need to improve, maintain or repair it.

Searching for and finding the right garage doors for your home can be a nightmare even if you use the Internet to conduct your research. The best garage doors available are frequently the most expensive however you should not use garage doors pricing alone to make your selection.

Your selection process should carefully consider installation costs, construction materials, removal of any existing door, type of garage door opener and warranty. Lowes garage doors installation costs are considered one of the best buys on the market today. Lowes installers are considered and called partners and they must meet Lowes strict standards. Every installation is rated by the purchaser to assure that customers are receiving the quality services they are paying for.

Lowes garage doors installation costs range from as low as $199 to $599 depending on the size of the door and where the door is being installed. Obviously installing an oversize garage door will require more skill and time. If you need to install a garage door opener as part of your installation you can expect additional cost. Over all the, Lowes garage door installation cost is slightly lower than the average installation costs.

As an alternative to purchasing your garage door from Lowes you should consider comparing prices and services with Home Depot. Both Home Depot and Lowes sell quality garage doors. Just as with Lowes Home Depot provides garage door installation services that are comparable. In addition you have the option of installing a garage door yourself. Both home improvement stores will assist you in your efforts. The downside of self installation is the time it takes to complete the installation and the cost of disposing the old door which normally part of any professional installation cost. Self installation will also require you to have the assistance of at least one helper.

We feel that the Lowes garage door installation cost is very reasonable and provides the home owner the peace of mind knowing that the installation was done correctly. Occasionally installation cost can be included in the purchase price of your garage door. Be sure to check with you Lowes sales representative on the latest sales offers.

SEO vs SEM – What’s The Difference? Which Is Better?

SEO

Many people confuse these two terms and use them interchangeably but there is a difference between SEO and SEM. Search engine optimization (SEO) is a component of search engine marketing (SEM). It is the act of optimizing a website for organic or natural search engine listings. Search engine optimization is one of the most cost-effective functions of a search engine marketing campaign, but it is only one element of SEM.

Search engine marketing (SEM) is the act of marketing a website via search engines, whether by improving rank in organic or natural listings, paid or sponsored listings or a combination of both.

A comprehensive search engine marketing campaign includes the following functions:

  • Search engine optimization
  • Search engine and directory submission management
  • Paid inclusion and trusted feed programs
  • Pay-for-placement management (includes pay-per-click)
  • Link popularity / reputation development
  • ROI and performance monitoring and reporting

Now that you know the difference, here are some of the strengths and weaknesses of SEO and SEM.

SEO – PROS

  • Organic listings are a trusted source of information, believed to be unbiased and indexed solely by the automated methods of an objective third-party
  • Natural search traffic provides a steady stream of traffic over time
  • Costs are frontloaded; once pages are optimized for organic search, low ongoing maintenance fees make it cost-efficient for marketers on a limited budget

SEO – CONS

  • Organic results can be unfocused in their content and occasionally misconstrued through automation
  • There’s little control over which terms your pages will be linked with or how well they get ranked
  • Relatively low control over your listing copy – automated technology decides what’s displayed
  • Organic listings have to be optimized well in advance of the intended pay-off and require great insight to production efforts down the road
  • Engine requirements can be at odds with site design and architecture; it is often difficult to present information that is both accessible to search spiders and carefully designed to influence consumer behavior

For these reasons, it becomes important to actively monitor organic listings and brand rankings within. There is no substitute for a proper SEO program and the natural traffic it provides.

SEM – PROS

  • Paid traffic comes with a measure of predictability, allowing marketers to forecast both volume and cost-efficiency for relevant metrics
  • The free-market bidding system offers full access to a target audience and the opportunity to scale campaigns and pursue them aggressively, creating synergies with sales promotions
  • Paid traffic can provide a boost to site volume when most needed
  • Creative is completely customizable, to further the user’s search intent and strategically position a brand within that search engine dialogue
  • Paid listings are manually generated, and constructed with more awareness to the environment and a consumer’s true intent
  • Sponsored ads are known to drive more sales than ordinary search links, converting at higher rates

SEM – CONS

  • Paid listings can get very expensive across competitive keywords, where market forces can quickly inflate cost-per-clicks (CPC)
  • A certain portion of the customer base is wary of paid listings.

In conclusion, search engine optimization is simply a component of search engine marketing. They are both important for managing and improving your website. We hope this has cleared up any SEO and SEM confusion.

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Lightweight Concrete Fences – Great for DIY

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“I have a vision that eventually this product [precast concrete fences] could be for do-it-yourselfers if it was manufactured in lightweight concrete,” states the CEO of a leading precast fence producer. This vision is now a reality with the introduction of lightweight concrete fence panels.

Cellular lightweight concrete (CLC) is produced by taking a mixture of cement, sand and water and combining it with a foam made through the action of compressed air and a chemical foaming agent. The foam leaves a multitude of tiny non-interconnected air pockets within the concrete mix. One can control the density of the final cast concrete shape by controlling the amount of foam introduced in the mix.

Fence panels made by this technique typically have half the density of regular precast panels available on the market. Some panel styles weigh as little as 39 lb.For maximum strength, the posts used in conjunction with the panels are made from regular high strength concrete. These concrete fence systems are designed to meet wind speed ratings of 110 mph or more.

The lightweight panels make it possible for two people to install a 6′ tall concrete fence without the need for heavy equipment. Installation in confined or sensitive landscaped spaces is easy to accomplish. The lighter panels mean more product can be hauled on trucks resulting in less freight cost, less energy cost and less pollution. The sound absorbing qualities of CLC (versus sound reflecting qualities for regular concrete) result in quieter enclosed spaces.

Other applications for lightweight concrete fences and fence panels include siding, planters and enclosures. CLC represents a great opportunity for the do-it-yourself crowd to easily build long lasting concrete structures.

How to Become an Expert & Professional Electrician

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Starting a career as an electrician can bring a lot of freedom and job satisfaction. Considered an essential trade, this job will ensure work in a number of different sectors, as electricians are required for a number of domestic and commercial services, ranging from installations and maintenance right through to highway systems electricians.

This job can also provide great opportunities, especially for the self-employed electricians who can set their own working hours and working conditions to a certain extent. For those who want to work for companies, there are plenty of opportunities available for staff electricians, therefore this is a role that is ideal for those who are looking for job security and a choice of how and where they work.

Becoming a qualified electrician is not as difficult as one might imagine. For those looking for information how to become a qualified electrician, there are plenty of details on the topic available from national careers websites, tailored to individuals according to their location around the world. With that said, here are a few useful tips on how to become a qualified electrician.

First of all, it is worth bearing in mind that there are certain skills that you may benefit from if you decide to become an electrician. These include being a good practical worker, the ability and attention to be able to follow very technical plans, as well as ability to understand the needs of clients and being able to problem solve efficiently.

However, these are skills are some that one can gain through training and experience, so if you feel lacking in any of these areas, it is important to know that it is not the end of the world and it should not let put you off pursuing a career in this particular area.

Generally, as an electrician you need to complete a number of nationally recognised qualifications. This will ensure that you have all the skills necessary to carry out your job and also abide by national regulations and health and safety legislation. This is indeed the first step to becoming a qualified electrician if this is your career goal.

Depending on where you are in the world, there are different training courses available which will cover content that is relevant to your particular country and even your local area. In the UK for sample – a country which is a highly regulated one in regards to health and safety – there are several nationally recognised qualifications that you can take in order to become qualified.

The best way to find the right qualification for you is to get in touch with a good professional training company that deals with training electricians. They will be able to advise you in relation to your unique circumstances and ambitions, as well as advise you on training if you are either a recent school leaver or someone who is currently employed and looking to change careers.

Although there are a set number of nationally recognised qualifications that should be taken before becoming an electrician, many of the companies that deliver this kind of training offer flexible courses ranging from full-time intense courses to more extensive and longer-term study solutions.

In the UK, you will need to have one of the following qualifications: Level 3 (NVQ) Diploma in Electro technical Services (Electrical Maintenance), Level 3 (NVQ) Diploma in Installing Electrotechnical Systems and Equipment (Buildings, Structures and the Environment), or a Level 3 Diploma in Electrical Installations (Buildings and Structures).

The important thing is essentially to get a qualification that is recognised and then start work. For some individuals it is possible to get this training through an apprenticeship, although access to these is often restricted to certain age groups and certain locations in the country. These apprenticeships will cover courses such as Level 1 Diploma in Electrical Installation.

If you cannot find an apprenticeship or do not qualify for one, there is no need to be concerned. Getting in touch with a reputable training provider for electricians will give you the opportunity to find out how you can become a qualified electrician, with the training company being able to guide you to reach your goals.

Don’t Wait for Home Inspection to Discover Your Property Needs Pest Management

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When a new home hits the market during the spring, it is imperative that homeowners do their due diligence to check for potential pests. Adding a fresh coat of paint, fixing broken appliances, and landscaping the yard are all crucial to making a home attractive to potential buyers, but pest infestations can be an absolute deal breaker. Before a homeowner places a home on the market, they can ensure the best possible outcome by performing these minor pest management tasks.

Seal Structure

During winter months, many types of critters try to escape the cold by creeping into warm spaces. It is important to seal the perimeter of the home before temperatures drop too low. Fill in any cracks or gaps in windows and doors. Make sure to pay close attention to any pipes that lead outside, such as the exhaust pipe for the clothes dryer. Even the tiniest gap can be big enough for a rodent to squeeze through. Check the attic for openings. Pay close attention to the roof and attic vents. Gables and louvers that cover these vents typically cost less than $30. Replace any bent, damaged, or opened vents. Performing this quick fix before you bring in the pest management company can save money by preventing pests from entering the space after the treatment process.

Clean Gutters and Eaves

Cleaning the eaves and gutters not only adds to the appearance of the house but it also removes a place for insects and pests to nest. This cleaning should take place regularly over the winter months. Regularly clearing the gutters and eaves will also prevent water from accumulating near the structure. Standing water can allow larvae and mosquitoes to grow, which can be a significant pest problem as warmer weather arrives.

Vacuum Entryways, Windows, and Screens

Pests can hide in cracks and areas close to doors and windows while they wait for the chance to sneak into the home. Using a vacuum cleaner attachment along these regions every few weeks during winter can prevent these unwelcome guests from becoming a bigger problem once spring arrives. Pest management technicians often pay close attention to the exterior of these areas, especially during winter months. Do your part indoors just in case some try to sneak in unnoticed.

Whether preparing to sell a home or just spring cleaning, these simple tasks will make any home ready for the beauty and excitement of warmer weather.

Become an Electrician: It’s Recession Proof

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The US has been in a recession for years. Even though economists note that the official markers of a recession are over, we still haven’t seen any significant job growth as unemployment hovers around 9%. Although there is a significant unemployed workforce, there is still a high demand for qualified technicians that still goes unsatisfied. The electrician field is perhaps one of the most recession-proof technician jobs there are, and one can set his/her own schedule while fulfilling a much needed function.

Electricians Needed in Residential Settings

Electricians are needed for many reasons around the house. There are any number of electrical problems that can occur such as faulty wiring. 18.6% of house fires start from wires, outlet boxes, and the like, according to the Fire Safety Administration. Electricians are also needed to check houses that are put up for sale to make sure they are up to code. Keeping houses up to code are perhaps the most needed function for electricians in this country, and it is a well-paid and simple function to carry out, as well as being a much-needed function that keeps people safe when they make some of the largest purchases they will ever make in their lives.

Electricians Needed in Commercial Settings

Especially if you live in an urban setting, electricians are needed in large numbers to maintain large office complexes. Metropolitan areas have huge skyscrapers with hundreds of offices inside that are constantly in need of electrical upkeep. Electricians are also needed to approve new office builds. Offices are full of electronics these days, and so new builds require extensive wiring to accommodate today’s high-tech needs. Like in the residential areas, electricians are also needed to help appraise office areas and make sure they are up to code.

Offices aren’t the only area of commercial real-estate that is in need of the high-paid services of an electrician. Schools need help with wiring maintenance. Supermarkets need help from electricians to keep their coolers working at the high performance necessary to keep their produce fresh. Electricians are also needed to set up video displays in commercial settings (also known as digital signage) where information is displayed on LCD displays on campuses and office complexes.

Electricians Needed in Industrial Settings

Factory lines are perhaps the most demanding places in terms of electricity usage and safety issues. Electricians are needed to make sure that large industrial buildings are up to code and that the conditions are safe. Any problems can end in a fire and loss of employee lives, so the electrician holds a lot of responsibility, but is also paid well because of this. Factories employ electricians full time so that they always have someone on-site to handle any outages. Outages can result in hours of down-time which can cost a factory thousands of dollars in opportunity cost.

There is a diverse array of possibilities for electricians, and this area of our workforce shows no signs of disappearing or shrinking. If anything, we will continue to need the services of electricians more and more in the years to come. The strange irony about this recession is that there are a lot of people out of jobs, but there are so many opportunities for people that are simply trained in the right skills, and the electrician field is definitely one of those.

Granite – Properties and Usage

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Granite is a common and widely occurring type of intrusive, felsic, igneous rock. Granite has a medium to coarse texture, occasionally with some individual crystals larger than the groundmass forming a rock known as porphyry. Granites can be pink to dark gray or even black, depending on their chemistry and mineralogy. Outcrops of granite tend to form tors, and rounded massifs. Granites sometimes occur in circular depressions surrounded by a range of hills, formed by the metamorphic aureole or hornfels.

Granite is an igneous rock and is formed from magma. Granitic magma has many potential origins but it must intrude other rocks. Most granite intrusions are emplaced at depth within the crust, usually greater than 1.5 kilometers and up to 50 km depth within thick continental crust. The origin of granite is contentious and has led to varied schemes of classification. Classification schemes are regional; there is a French scheme, a British scheme and an American scheme. This confusion arises because the classification schemes define granite by different means. Generally, the ‘alphabet-soup’ classification is used because it classifies based on genesis or origin of the magma.

Ancient Uses of Granites

Granite is nearly always massive (lacking internal structures), hard and tough, and therefore it has gained widespread use as a construction stone. The Red Pyramid of Egypt, named for the light crimson hue of its exposed granite surfaces, is the third largest of Egyptian pyramids. Menkaure’s Pyramid, was constructed of limestone and granite blocks. The Great Pyramid of Giza contains a huge granite sarcophagus fashioned of “Red Aswan Granite.” The mostly ruined Black Pyramid dating from the reign of Amenemhat III once had a polished granite pyramidion or capstone, now on display in the main hall of the Egyptian Museum in Cairo.

Many large Hindu temples in southern India were made of granite. There is a large amount of granite in these structures. They are comparable to the Great Pyramid of Giza

Granites Use in Current age

Granite has been extensively used as a dimension stone and as flooring tiles in public and commercial buildings and monuments. With increasing amounts of acid rain in parts of the world, granite has begun to supplant marble as a monument material, since it is much more durable. Polished granite is also a popular choice for kitchen countertops due to its high durability and aesthetic qualities.

Engineers have traditionally used polished granite surfaces to establish a plane of reference, since they are relatively impervious and inflexible. Sandblasted concrete with a heavy aggregate content has an appearance similar to rough granite, and is often used as a substitute when use of real granite is impractical. Because of the particular rarity of the granite, the best stones can cost as much as US$1,500.

Pacific Bedrock Ltd. specializes in manufacturing and supply of highly finished commercial and residential stone products.

7 Good Reasons To Hire a Lawn Care Pro to Mow Your Yard

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Lawn mowing is not easy. The blistering sun, biting insects, clouds of dirt and dust and lawn mower fumes can make you want to run inside and hide. Yes, mowing and trimming a yard is a big pain for a variety of reasons, all of them legitimate; but there really is a better way.

You can make the pain go completely away by hiring a lawn care pro, and all for a surprisingly reasonable price. If you have never considered hiring a professional company to mow your grass, you might want to reconsider. Here are seven good reasons to think about it:

  1. It’s not as expensive as you might think. Mowing companies and landscapers in general are very competitive on price. A reputable company will offer a fair bid and work hard to keep your lawn care costs low. Shop around and look for a company that will beat competitor’s prices with the same high level of service.
  2. Consistent and reliable day of service. Barring inclement weather, your service pros will generally arrive on a specific day to mow the grass. For example, lawn mowing in southwest Florida is usually once a week in summer months and every two weeks in cooler months.
  3. Your yard always looks neat and trim. With regularly scheduled mowing, you never wonder how your lawn looks to others. You know it looks good.
  4. Expertise to save you money. A professional lawn care company provides experienced knowledge of plants and vegetation including drought conditions, over-watering, weeds, insect infestations and more. They can deliver landscaping products such as sod, trees, palms, flowers, shrubs, mulch, herbicides and fertilizer, and pass the savings on to you.
  5. Professional lawn mowing is so quick! A team of professionals can service yards swiftly and efficiently. They make quick work of overgrown grass and foliage. Mowing, trimming and leaf blowing are neat and tidy before you know it.
  6. No lawn mower start-up or repair. The best mowing companies have all the right equipment to do the job right. You can put your mower away and never have to touch it again.
  7. The best reason of all: You deserve it. When you consider the modest cost, as well as the quality of service you can expect, hiring a lawn service makes good sense. No sweat, no strain, no pain. Leave the heavy work to the professionals, and you go relax inside with a cold drink.

Benefits of Commercial Plumbing Services

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Commercial plumbing services offered by plumbers are vital to business and industry. A licensed commercial plumber understands that plumbing emergencies can negatively impact a business. Professional plumbers will go to a commercial building quickly and identify and resolve the problem promptly and professionally. Commercial plumbers have the knowledge, tools, equipment, and the expertise to address a commercial plumbing problem and provide the best service for enterprise to resolve the problem in a timely and professional manner.

When a business takes advantage of commercial plumbing services, they will benefit from the following expert plumbing services:

Plumbing Installation Services

Commercial plumbers install all types of plumbing fixtures and parts, including entire plumbing systems. They install such fixtures as sinks, faucets, toilets, sinks, shower heads, hand-free faucets, sir dryers, commercial garbage disposals, low flow toilets, water meters, showers, etc. They also can install water heaters, water filters, automatic shut-off valves, handicap fixtures, and servicing plumbing for rooms such as the bathroom, laundry room, and kitchen. They can install complicated pipe networks for small and large business.

Plumbing Pipe Upgrades

Many commercial buildings can have old pipes that are not up to code and make the water taste bad. For healthier water with an improved taste, a plumber can remove and install better plumbing pipes. They can even install and service water pipes that are in difficult to reach areas as many business buildings can have a small crawl space under the building. A plumber knows how to reach these pipes and perform repairs. In addition, a plumber will service gas lines such as detecting a gas leak which can be very dangerous.

Drain and Sewer Line Services

Commercial plumbers can effectively service drains and sewer lines. They can remove clogs, clean drain lines using sophisticated technology, video inspect lines, and remove stubborn material from the lines such as grease, soap, and mineral deposits. Commercial plumbers also service sewer systems where they fix damaged lines, clean sewer lines, clear obstructions, pump septic tanks, and more. They have the expertise to identify problems and repair them in an efficient and timely manner. Commercial plumbers provide extensive sewer system and drain line services to help keep the system operating properly.

Water Heater Services

Commercial plumbers service commercial water heaters. They can perform such services as eliminating hard water, cleaning out hard deposits from the tank and water lines, servicing the heating elements, making sure the temperature is correct, check CO levels, leak detection, replacing corroded parts, check and repair or replace such valves as the emergency shut-off valve, and check the water pressure. A commercial plumber has the expertise to make sure the water heater is working properly. The commercial plumbing system is both complicated, extensive, and fragile which is why it must be handled by a professional. Licensed plumbers offering commercial plumbing services have the expertise and tools to make sure a commercial building is meeting all government codes. Because the plumbing system is essential to a business or industry, it is essential to hire a licensed commercial plumber.

The Mission Of Plumbers

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When the majority of individuals think about plumbers, they envision a person coming to an apartment or to a house in order to repair a leaky tap or to unclog a drain. Even though these tasks are among the job duties of most plumbers, the mission of plumbers has been evolving and is no longer limited to the unplugging of clogged bathtubs or toilets. Effectively, plumbing professionals can be found in a variety of work settings such as in construction settings or in public settings. Because of the nature of their job, plumbers play a critical role in the design and in the repair of the foundation of various structures as well as public work systems. In this article, we shall provide a complete description of the mission of plumbers. In addition to that, we will discuss about the role of plumbers in both residential homes & commercial buildings, about the work settings in which they operate, about the training by which they go through, and about the wage as well as the career perspective.

Plumbers are usually requested in residential homes so that they may set up plumbing fittings and fix or change existing fixtures. This usually encompasses plumbing connected to the arrival of water into the apartment or into the house, the drainage of waste from the apartment or from the house, and the provision of gas lines to power home appliances including hot water heaters. Plumbers also set up, fix, and support the plumbing installations in toilet systems, kitchen fixtures, and shower & bath systems. Kitchen fixtures generally encompass water heaters, taps, septic tanks, and also dishwashers. Plumbers who work in residential areas also know how to lay new pipes in homes that are still under construction. They may ultimately be involved in welding, cutting pipes, and sawing wood.

Plumbers can also be asked to perform work in commercial buildings. The nature of the plumbing that plumbers perform in commercial buildings is very much identical to the one that they usually perform in residential areas. Nevertheless, the scale of these job duties is considerably greater since they operate in structures that may necessitate a large number of plumbing fixtures in order to be set up in comparison to a smaller number in a residential home. Plumbers also need to set up pipes for sprinkler systems, drinking fountains, fountains, fire suppression, commercial kitchens, and also irrigation systems.

The work setting of plumbers usually necessitates more extensive hours than the typical forty-hour work week. Sometimes, there are plumbing emergencies that require these professionals to perform their work responsibilities during evenings and also during weekends. These professionals usually have to work in undesirable conditions. Effectively, plumbers often have to deal with sewer lines, work in new construction sites that have not been equipped with air conditioning or heating systems yet, and handle clogged drains. As one may see, the profession of plumbers can be a very physical and demanding one that requires a large number of hours while standing up. It may also require plumbing professionals to lift heavy pipes as well as other tools that are necessary for a given job.

Vocational schools usually give aspiring plumbers the possibility to receive training on plumbing. There are many plumbing professionals who are taught their role while on an apprenticeship under the supervision of an experienced plumber. It usually takes at least 4 years before the individual can begin to work on their own. Apprenticeships are typically administered by a plumbing association or by a union. They require a certain number of classroom hours in addition to the on-the-job training.

From the point of view of the income and of the career outlook, many jobs are expected to be created in this industry and annual salaries are roughly sixty thousand dollars per year.

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Source by Gordon

SEO Tactics That Need to Be Considered in 2017

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The year is close to the end and SEO consultants are already debating over the strategies and tactics that needs to be followed in the coming year 2017. Several has already researched and published several things and here are we. We have researched and compared several activities to identify which will work and where we did general silly mistakes.

After a clear indication and detailed research, we have identified few tactics that will definitely work in the coming year. Several had already in the marathon & performing much better and few are new (actually not new, but generally misguided prior).

According to the research, traditional approach of “off-page activities” and “on-page activities” will definitely work with few ideological changes. Lets discuss in detail:

On-site SEO Tactics (On-page activities)

To get ready to face hurdles in 2017, SEO Specialists should work first on On-site SEO Tactics. On-site SEO means the work done on the own website instead of other’s. From site structure to website speed, it incorporates several factors, such as-

  • UI and Navigation – Great UI always leads to the conversions, user interaction and better impressions. While clear navigation helps to improve visit duration of an individual user. Included in it, they are an essential elements to get rank and get authorized by several active users and webmasters. Use easy navigational formats, proper context placement, elegant web design, etc. to provide better user experience.
  • Site Architecture – A proper architectural design will definitely lead to the ranking and also impact on user experience. While at the different side, it will help to recognize user behavior as well. Site Architecture promises to the proper alignment, proper placement of context and a clearer look. Follow standards of web design, include high level graphics, relevant videos, error-free content, and things to improve user click behavior.
  • Site Interlinking – Interlinking plays a vital role in site ranking. As it leads a user to different pages on the same website and shares the link juice to others, it helps to improve page rank as well as the keyword impressions on Google. Use proper linking structure and anchor on relevant keyword to relevant web page to get noticed by Google crawlers.
  • Site Speed and Crawl ability – Faster loading enhances user experience and help a website to hold users for more duration. To make your website faster on browsers just minify your CSS and JS file and enable the compression of your resources. Even you should work on caching functionality, which amazingly improves crawl speed.
  • Mobile Responsiveness – It is the most essential element to rank well on mobile devices and get higher rate of user interaction. Google has already announced the necessity of responsiveness in its previous update – Mobilegeddon. So, adopt responsive layouts to rank well on search engine’s SERP for both desktop searches and mobile searches.
  • Schema Markup – To identify things accurately, we need few markups that define what it is, why it’s used, who own it, etc. Similarly, search engines also needed few markups to identify site’s elements. That’s why Google itself created Schema Markups that defines the author, title, logo, and several other elements in a website. It helps to index accurately and return back for the accurate search queries.
  • Local Identity Markup – As per Google’s Pigeon update, it’s essential to include Local NAP (Name, Address, Phone no) to get ranked high for local results. This markup results much better for the geocentric searches. So, include your local identity and get ranked better in 2017.
  • Include Authorize trust signals – Authorized websites will get some betterment in the SERP, as they reveal their trust signals. Their trust signals can be their partner’s logo, their SSL certificate, their trademark, etc. So, include trust signals to get user’s trust, this is essential in the near future.

Off-site SEO Tactics (Off-page activities)

On a parallel side, expert digital marketers needed to work on Off-site SEO tactics to create a better presence on search engines. By making authentic, relevant and themed links, we can face the hurdles and overcome from the obstacles in the coming year. Let’s discuss the major off-page activities that will lead in 2017:

  • Authentic Link Building – Authenticity comes first when we talk about user trust. Even for the search engine crawlers, authentic link building makes a website trustworthy and helps to improve impressions on a search engine. So, try to get better outbound links from.edu or.org websites or from highly ranked (high DA, PA and PR websites).
  • Content Marketing – Content appears as one of the most important factor in SEO and used as a lead tactic in off-page optimization. From traditional activities to the modern assignments, content used everywhere. But not ordinary, having creative, unique and effective content is essential for better impressions on search engines and it affects the user behavior as well. So, use relevant, grammar-free, unique, expressive and out of the box content for your SEO campaigns in 2017.
  • Authorize Guest Networking – The term networking will impact negatively for the crawlers and because of that, Google somehow didn’t recognize Guest networking for ranking. But if it used in a positive aspect, guest blog networking will impact much better. As they are highly relevant, most authentic and user centric, so, they directly lead more users to a website.
  • Keyword Optimization – Every strategy begins with the selection of relevant keywords, who takes the lead and makes a website visible in SERP for different search queries. Proper placement of keywords in a content (i.e. Keyword Density) and the proximity are essential to get benefited through selected keywords. So, use highly relevant keywords, keep focus on density and proximity, use them in headings and title, etc.
  • Local Listing for all – As per Google’s Pegion Update, local results will completely influence by local listings, NAP and local keywords. By doing local directory submissions, local citation, classifieds on local portals and promotions using local keywords will improve the rank for local searches. So, try to involve GEO specific keywords and local listings in your strategy for 2017 SEO.
  • Active Blogging – Be active to make your promotions worthy. As content marketing is an essential tactic of promotions, blogging is another way of content marketing. On your own blog, company’s blog or on other’s relevant blogs, continual blogging will improve your impressions. So, actively write informative, effective and relevant content for blogging purpose.
  • Themed Linking – In 2017, try to focus on thematic linking, as it shows more relevant and attract targeted audience. Themed linking simply means to the conceptual back linking or getting backlinks from similar concept websites. So, try to search relevant and similar theme sites through competitor analysis, backlink check or searching Google for similar content and place your backlink there.
  • Link Reclamation – Another technique that will give assurance for the better results. Reclamation simply means to recreate broken links by making them revive. For that you can search broken links on highly authorized websites such as Wikipedia, and target relevant thematic content towards your own website. So rebuild your authenticity by using link reclamation in 2017.
  • Client Testimonials/Reviews – Recommendation always improves user trust as well as the Google’s. By asking client testimonials and reviews (obviously positive) on different portals, such as Google business page, Facebook Page, Glassdoor and others, will enhance the ranks and impressions. So, ask positive reviews and testimonials from clients to rank well in 2017.
  • Improve Visual Content Engagement – Text only content can’t make you enhance your user stay on the website. As it somehow makes them bore and ruin their experience. Even no-one has time to read huge content. So, try to involve expressive and engaging visual content such as graphics, images, videos, animations, etc. to improve user engagement and to reduce bounce rate.

Social Networking Tactics (Social Signals)

Previously, these are known as a part of “Off-Page Tactics”, but now they have an individual preference and an impact on ranking and impressions on search engines. As a recommended tactic, these signals also consider to make conversions and direct connection. So, that’s require to keep your faith and focus over social signals and work on its elements, such as-

  • Social Activeness – Be active on social networks to create a recognized identity. A post on a daily basis can help you to transform your business page into a brand and aware relevant audience about your services, products and features.
  • Improve circle/Friend list of relevant fields – Be clear about the audience before selecting one as a friend on your business account. As it is solely for promotions and conversions and somehow work as a showcase, but only for the relevant one. So improve your friend list with most relevant users, which can help you to generate more pennies in less promotion.
  • Enhance Network – Along with the enhancement in friends, that’s also essential to be a part of different, but relevant communities and groups. It will help you to enhance your reach in the same industry and improve the chance of conversions.
  • Active Blogging on Social Networks – As an emerging platform, social networks are the perfect place to do blogging. As they guarantee about the self promotion and highest reach on a single post, they also assured you about more user interaction. Even the content placed on social platforms such as – Facebook, LinkedIn, Reddit, Stumbleupon, etc. will get high authority and index sooner.
  • Ask for Social Reviews – Social networks worth a lot to make your business a brand. So, be active on it to be always identified, authorized and recognized by several. Even, never leave a single day without interacting, sharing your thought and asking your circle for the reviews. As these are much appreciated way to get ranked on search engines.

Analytics and rapid check (crosscheck activities)

Google used to change its search algorithms on a regular basis (several times in a single year), which caused for the failure of several tactics and also amazingly improve few ones. In those changes some are seriously the giants such as previous – Panda, Penguin, Hummingbird, Mobilegeddon, Pigeon and RankBrain.

So, it’s an essential thing to cross check the work by keeping eyes on a few things, such as-

  • Google Tool Analysis – As an SEO consultant, we are used to with these tools and connected with them regularly. Even these are essential to calculate traffic and to analyze site errors. Moreover, that tools like Google Analytics and webmasters can be utilized to improve the site’s crawl ability, sitemap indexing, user behavior, manual penalties, and much more.
  • In-Page Analysis – To identify user’s behavior on a single page, we generally use In-Page Google Analytics tools. This clears out the user flow, means on which direction user reads the content and interacts with which context more. With a clear percentage, we can analyze the context worth and according to that we can modify our context.
  • Performance Measurement – To identify the worth of work, we need to do performance measurement on a regular basis. It includes backlink checking, broken link checking, 404 checking, link error checking, authority checking, etc. By the rapid checkup, we can make ourselves assure about the results and it will help us to prepare further strategies.

Few last words

We have stated about SEO in 2016 at the end of last year along with relevant infographic and as now, this year is near to end. As like previous year, we had done a few researches and analysis this year as well to identify what will work better in the coming year 2017. We squeeze our research and come with the details here. We had four major sections that need focus in 2017 and SEO specialists needs to keep their eyes on “on-site tactics”, “off-site tactics”, “social signals” and “analytics”.

How to Start a Profitable Home Improvement Referral Service

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Home improvement referral services are cropping up from New York to California. They are taking the time to do the legwork to find reputable and reliable contractors and these businesses are reaping profits from good work.

It really doesn’t take much to start. A home improvement referral service business takes only a little money and not more time than a regular 40 hour a week job. They can actually start making money within the first year of business.

The first thing to consider is what types of home improvement businesses your will refer. This can include gutter cleaning and replacement, remodeling, building additions, fencing, lawn maintenance, and many others. Remember, all though you may like to paint a client may not like it or have the time. Therefore, no business should be overlooked.

Once you have an idea of the types of contractors for your referral service business, you will need to call the local, county, and state government offices. Get the regulations and requirements regarding licensing, bonding, business registry, and insurance for each type of contractor. This is the first step to building your list. Any contractor that does not meet government regulations should not be on your referral list.

By knowing these requirements and using them, your home improvement referral business will gain credibility with your clients. They will know that if the contractor doesn’t meet these requirements, they will not be on your list. It makes the client feel more sure the job will be completed professionally and correctly.

Another way to ensure creditability of your referral service business is to only look at contractors that are recommended by their past happy customers. But this is not the end of the screening process. Recommendations are not enough.

Once a contractor is recommended to your home improvement referral business, you need to check out his or her service. Talk to them, explaining your referral service business. Many contractors will give you the needed information happily. Ask to see their licenses, bonding information, and insurance to ensure they are current and up to date. Ask for a list of services they provide and the cost for these services. Finally ask for references you may speak to.

Now you have gotten your contractor referral list started. While working on creating this list, you should have started thinking about a name for your referral service business, advertising, office area, office equipment, and ordered a phone line for the business. You may want to use a computer right away, but an index card or file system could work just as well and for a fraction of the cost, until your company grows. Keep in mind that as your company grows, the office space, office equipment, and referral list system will probably need to become computerized to save time and money.

Since your referral business is going to begin locally, check with local newspapers and periodicals to see if they would be interested in doing an article about your business. Make some flyers and ask local hardware stores if you could leave some there to advertise your service. You may also want to send letters to realtors announcing your business, they can be great advertisers for you.

Make your services free to the people calling into your business looking for referrals. Many home improvement referral businesses charge the contractor anywhere from 6% to 15% depending on the size of the project. You put the customers in touch with the contractor, and upon completion of the project, the contractor pays you a fee.

Advertise that no contractors pay you to get onto your referral list. If clients or contractors ask how they get on the list, explain to them the only way for a contractor to get on the list is for a customer to recommend them. You may want to explain the whole screening process to let the person know the exact qualifications the contractors need to have before being accepted.

A referral service business can expand easily and rapidly. Once your business starts to grow, create a business plan to set goals. Decide how much you want to expand and consider starting franchises in other locations or expanding the list to include contractors that were not included originally. This is your home improvement referral service business and you can take it wherever you want.

Shocking Garage Door Injury Statistics

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Whether it’s a residential garage door, massive dock door for a big box store or a roll-up door for a mall retail shop, one thing is certain: Without proper maintenance and repairs, overhead doors can be literal death traps. With reports peppering the nation about injuries from faulty sensors or outdated garage doors catching feet, children and pets, a subpar garage door is a huge liability. However, the actual injury statistics may surprise you.

According to the National Electronic Injury Surveillance Survey (NEISS), the most common type of garage door injury is “pinch/crush section joints” which happens to about 7,550 Americans each year. This includes “fingers caught between section joints, (and) includes amputations, avulsions, etc.” It’s no surprise that this is the most common, but what’s astounding is just how serious these injuries can be. All it takes is a few skipped maintenance inspections or a bad spring to bring a lawsuit to your family or business.

“Crushing” Reports

The second most common injury occurs from “falling doors,” with over 2,100 Americans falling victim to this each year. According to NEISS, this happens when a “door falls for any reason” and includes reasons like a bad installation, outdated and un-maintained doors, or any other number of things. However, a quality garage door with solid installation won’t fall “for any reason”, which is why it’s paramount to demand both top notch doors and installation.

“Sharp edges” account for over 800 injuries every year, with NEISS defining it as “lacerations from garage door window glass.” Today’s garage doors-when they do feature glass-are shatter-resistant. Should they break, which is rare, it’s similar to when a car window breaks. The result is gummy and messy, but there aren’t any sharp edges. Unfortunately, that’s not true of older overhead doors.

Rounding Out the Top Offenses

“Other entrapment” happens to nearly 200 Americans every year. “Half of these were fingers caught between rollers and tracks” according to the research, and could also fall into the pinch/crush category. Tracks and rollers are some of the most common parts that need maintenance, but it’s always best to have a professional handle it.

“Race to beat the door” leads to around 135 injuries every year in the US. “People trying to get through the opening before the door closes” is a dangerous game, but a fruitless one if you have a good overhead door with sensors. When this is the case, the sensor will stop the door from closing (and perhaps re-open it) when there’s any movement detected.

Playing it Safe

Finally, “riding the door” can (not surprisingly) cause about 90 injuries per year in the US. This should be avoided with a little common sense, but of course that’s something children and teens don’t have in abundance. However, an overhead door that’s current and undergoes regular inspections should be able to hold the weight of a child-of course, that should never be put to the test.

The vast majority of these injuries are avoidable with common sense, maintenance and upgrades. Going without these three is a gamble no homeowner, landlord or business owner should take since the house (or in this case garage door) always wins.

When Curing Cancer Becomes a Crime

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WHEN HEALING CANCER BECOMES A CRIME

All truth passes through three stages. First, it is ridiculed. Second, it is violently opposed. Third, it is accepted as being
self-evident

© Mike Cavalli

Since time immemorial, progressive thinking scientists, physicians, therapists have been persecuted, sued, had their labs destroyed and research papers stolen. Scores of other visionaries were ridiculed for challenging the status quo of day, including such legends as Roentgen for his X-rays, Morton on the ‘absurd’ idea of anaesthesia, Semmelweiss endeavoured to convince surgeons of the need to sterilize their instruments. Pasteur was ridiculed for his theory that germs could cause disease. William Harvey, (circulation of blood, 1628), James L. Baird, (television camera), Nikola Tesla, (Earth electrical resonance), Wilbur & Orville Wright, (flying machines) and so on.

Andrew Harris is the latest in a long line of pioneers of notoriety to suffer the wrath of
a kainotophobic, PC society, which claims to protect us from snake oil salesman & charlatans, yet, greatly restricts and some cases prohibits us from  choosing the health

care program of our choice.

He was convicted under the rarely-used Cancer Act 1939, which makes it illegal to offer a cure for cancer or to offer advice on how to treat the disease in any advertisement by someone outside the medical profession, The product in question, Triamazon, a natural non-toxic alternative for treating all types of cancer.

Even Jonathan Coupe, executive councillor for environmental services at Trafford Council, said: “This is an unusual and rare case under legislation that is nearly 70 years old.

But Andrew Harris is no exception, for we must turn our attention to the beginning of the 20th century where the annals of history can offer us some insight, a pattern, to how this scenario will be played out.

 In 1924 the illustrious Harry Hoxsey opened his first cancer clinic using herbal formulas reputed to have been developed by his great-grandfather, consisting of caustic herbal pastes and or  herbal tonics combined with vitamin supplements, and changes in diet

Reviews by major medical authorities, the likes of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), the National Cancer Institute, the American Cancer Society, M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, and Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, had found no evidence that the Hoxsey therapy is an effective treatment for cancer. However, these were only reviews and yet, albeit to the repeated requests made by Hoxsey for such a test. Despite the thousands of patients who had regained their health using his grandfathers formula, neither the AMA, the FDA, nor NCI ever bothered to test — fairly and scientifically, Yet both the AMA and FDA dismissed the potion as “worthless, without any therapeutic merit in the treatment of cancer” –  
In the JAMA 1954 the AMA insisted that “any intelligent physician could testify that all these substances were worthless”

The government, it appears, was more interested in closing his clinic down than in scientifically testing his tonic
In 1960 it finally succeeded.  Throughout those 36 years that preceded his clinic’s closure, Hoxsey was harassed by medical boards, the AMA, and FDA. 119 times Between 1926-1931 he was arrested for practicing medicine without a license and over 100 times between 1937-1939 after setting up his Texas clinic.

At the forgoing  FDA trial, all Hoxsey’s case histories were dismissed as lacking in evidence and neither the FDA nor the NCI provided any detail counter evidence or laboratory trials on cancer efficacy or otherwise.  Commissioner Larrick warned Hoxsey publicly in 1956.
1954 saw  an independent team of US physicians making a two-day inspection of Hoxsey’s clinic, then in Dallas, and concluded that he was ‘successfully treating pathologically proven cases of cancer, both internal and external, without the use of surgery, radium or x-ray’.

 Even in 1965, the notorious Morris Fishbein, former long term editor of JAMA and voice of American Medicine for 40 years referred to Hoxsey as a charlatan and talked of “ghouls and cancer quacks”. This coming from the man who wrote several books extremely critical of “medical quackery.” calling chiropractic a “malignant tumour,” whilst considering Osteopathy and Homeopathy “cults.” Hoxsey sued Fishbein – and won. However, Patricia Ward in her report to Congress quoted this sort of attitude as setting the “low level of discourse and the emotional rather than analytical tone”. 

Recent literature, however, does show that the ingredients do have merit. Pokeweed – triggers the immune systems, increases lymphocytes and increases levels of immunoglobulin. Burdock – considerable anti-tumour activity uniquely capable of reducing mutagenicity  Burberry – anti-tumour activity contains lycbetaine, an anti-tumour substance. Buckthorn – anti-leukaemia substances. Anthraquinone works against tumours. Stillingia and prickly ash, have anti-inflammatory or anaesthetic properties.

Since those early years of 1924 and 84 years later, the question has to be asked, why have none of the government agencies scientifically tested Hoxsey’s formula to either validate or discredit his claims!

Squeezed between the life and death of Harry Hoxsey  was the brilliant scientist Royal Raymond rife, (1888 – 1971) who arguably discovered single handily bioelectric medicine, which, is still used today in the fields of  optics, electronics,

radiochemistry, biochemistry, ballistics, and aviation.

When a true genius appears in this world, you may know him by this sign, that the dunces are all in confederacy against him. – Jonathan Swift

Rife’s treatments were based upon a mechanical application of frequency to the body. Unlike traditional medical treatments which depended on the bodies own immune system to be strong enough to accept drugs in order to kill a virus, his discovery moved the paradigm of healing. No longer did the body have to destroy the virus, but merely rid the dead or neutralized disease from the system through the body’s own

natural  function.

Rife discovered that any disease can be eliminated with frequencies based on its individual electromagnetic signature and after almost 20,000 unsuccessful  attempts, he finally isolated and identified the human cancer virus, and named it Cryptocides Primordiales.

In 1934, Rife’s San Diego Laboratory and clinic received a Special Medical Research Committee from UCSC, a team of doctors and pathologists were assigned to examine 16 terminal cancer patients brought from Pasadena County Hospital. After 90 days of treatment they concluded that 85% of the patients had complete remission.
Rife adjusted his frequency for the remaining15% who were also cured, making his treatment a resounding 100% success. Royal Rife was honored at a banquet entitled “The End To All Diseases”

The Beam Ray Instrument, as it was called, was huge, so huge in fact that Royal Rife began collaborating with electrical engineer Philip Hoyland to make a smaller, more portable and practical version, from here on the whole business got very messy.

Rife & his new technology attracted the attention of the notorious AMA editor Morris

Fishbein.

The Beam Ray corporation, a manufacturing company for rife, was issued with a law suit from board director Philip Hoyland to force a new board that would include members favorable to Fishbein & AMA.  Why Hoyland sued is still very ambiguous, but he lost, however his assisted legal aid certainly racked up the defense expenses and as a consequence made the corporation bankrupt.
 Since the AMA could not gain control of Rife’s work, Fishbein decided to crush it. Doctors were told to get rid of their Beam Ray Instruments or lose membership in the AMA.

A New Jersey lab which was independently validating Rife’s work was burnt by arsonists, then, Dr. Millbank Johnson, a keen advocate of Rife was fatally poisoned hours before he was due to give a talk on the 100% cure of terminal patients. Just about 40 miles from Rife’s lab, Dr Nemens, who himself had some success, was killed by a mysterious fire in his lab. Raymond Royal Rife became a broken man, an alcoholic, and was also pronounced dead at Grossmont Hospital by an accidental lethal dose of Valium.

The are numerous tragic stories about other single minded genii, Dr Koch a brilliant free radical  chemist  who understood that whilst our cells take in the vital oxygen supply, it also takes in the toxic garbage within itself, he too was killed by arsenic injected in his toothpaste. 

Dr Bob Beck who never had anything to sell, re-discovered suppressed medical information which enhance the immune system and kill every organism that isn’t supposed to be there, now known as The Beck Protocol.

I  read an article in Science News that was published March 30, 1991. On page 207, it described the “shocking” treatment proposed for AIDS by Albert Einstein College of Medicine in New York City, which had accidentally discovered a way to cure all AIDS. So I looked into this, and I found that a paper on an AIDS cure had been presented to a Joint Congress on Combination Therapies in Washington, D.C., on March 14, 1991, at the First International Symposium on Combination Therapy. When I attempted to find a copy of this paper to see what it said, I found that they had all vanished or were cut out of the proceedings. We hired a private investigator who got a personal abstract copy from one of the conference attendees. I also did a computer search and found that the only other mention of this technology was in “Outer Limits” in Longevity Magazine which appeared in the December, 1992, issue. It stated that Steven Kaali, M.D., from Albert Einstein College of Medicine, had found a way of inhibiting AIDS in blood, but that years of testing would be required before the virus-electrocuting device was ready for use. In other words, they discovered it and then tried to cover it up immediately. But a very funny thing happened. Two years later, a patent popped up. The U.S. Government Patent Office described the entire process. You can obtain Patent #5188738 in which the same Dr. Kaali describes a process, which will attenuate any bacteria or virus (including AIDS/HIV), parasites and all fungi contained in the blood, rendering them ineffective from infecting a normally healthy human cell.

Perhaps Basil Earl Wainwright who discovered the polyatomic aphersis is  arguably  one of the most colourful characters in alternative therapies.  labelled a career criminal for  selling unapproved ozone generators as a cure for serious illnesses such as cancer and AIDS. Today, Ozone, is still one of the most misunderstood elements of our time and is considered in USA as a toxic gas “with no medical uses” It is in the eyes of FDA an unapproved drug,  which  probably explains why the prolific author and investigate journalist Ed MaCabe  or “Mr Oxygen” as he is known,  in his early research years, had his house  raided, computer, notebooks & research papers confiscated, imprisoned for 18 months and was also  “sent to live” with criminally insane patients for “valuation” where for 18 days he was locked in arm, leg and waist chains. Today oxygen therapy is a thriving industry with products ranging from portable water ozonators, oxygen supplements, ozone saunas and with around 3000 Dr’s in Germany practicing ozone treatment ranging from autohemotherapy, – Insufflation – Ingestion – Ozonated water. bagging, ozonated olive oil; cupping with a funnel and Ozone  steam sauna .

Although  natural non toxic remedy’s cannot claim to cure, there is reasonable cause to argue that this rule should also apply to pharmaceutical drugs unless it can be proven unequivocally that of an exceptionally high cure rate, for  it is common knowledge that not all drugs “cure” people, furthermore through the passage of time, many drugs have had to be recalled  due adverse effects and deaths, presumably oversight or unknown side effects of the long term problems of the drug being tested are just some of the contributory factors.  Avandia, baycol, rezullin, vioxx, to name but  a few. Another problem facing the pharmaceutical is the closer scrutiny (after the horse has bolted) of certain products. With around 40 million people taking prozac for depression, research made and published on the  25th October on government website pubmed  concluded that  “Pimozide augmentation of fluoxetine treatment for body dysmorphic disorder was no more effective than placebo, even in more delusional patients”


The latest study on the checked history of Warafin published in Neurology, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology, showed an increased risk of death if a consumer suffers a hemorrhagic stroke from having larger amounts of bleeding in the brain. Even common prescription drugs for Asthma such as Fluticasone can have some of the most horrendous side effects including respiratory tract infection, shortness of breath, wheezing, and worsening of asthma,

There needs to be worldwide unilateral classification and transparency  on products relating to our  health. The United States, arguably one of the mot oppressive regimes with regard to medical choice, Virginia Vs Cherixx being the latest offing, does allow for example Californian citizens the right to grow small quantities either personally or communally  “medical marijuana”, Dr’s in Austria can and often do prescribe marijuana for pain relief, whilst In UK, although it has been decriminalized, marijuana is not prescribed and is therefore used underground by many people to relive suffering

 The case for, Colloidal Silver ” natures antibiotic” to be taking seriously is growing, yet no major study has been authored. Manuka honey, another not toxic product is been used impregnated into dressings successfully in the wound care clinic and on the maxillofacial ward since January 2008 at Royal Surrey County Hospital.

 DMSO, largely used by sportsman and women to aid  quick repair to injury, (although no team physicians will admit to it) has the remarkable capacity to aid any medication through the blood brain barrier, Dmso as chronicled in Dr morton Walker’s wonderfully penned book DMSO natures healer, has, to it’s misfortune been labelled a wonder drug, the silver bullet, even so, used as a stand alone drug, Arthritis suffers, Downs syndrome children, Sciatica, and many other victims of discomfort and those of serious medical conditions have reported remarkable benefits or “spontaneous remission”, the term now favoured by natural therapists to avoid prosecution.

But there probably never will be a major study on these two natural products and many others like them for the simple reason that they cannot be patented and therefore no drug company will invest the millions of pounds required before it can go on the market under their brand name. Sadly the big drug companies are PLC’s or corporations and are legally bound to show an increase in returns to their shareholders which they do with uncompromising efficiency.

According to Triamazon website, The Medicines Healthcare Regulatory Authority (who accept money from pharmaceutical industry), raided and took Triamazon for   testing back in February 2008. Eight months on they have neither handed over the test results nor issued any health concerns. It is common sense and in the public interest, if only to dispel any thoughts of complicity, that Triamazon should be thoroughly and independently investigated with the results being made public.
But this latest non toxic alternative cancer treatment, has, either by fate or chance, attracted the media attention, maybe this alone does not merit a closer scrutiny at the product, or that the proprietor claims to have had complete remission from Triamazon, the fact however, is that the complaints which were made, were about Andrew Harris breaking the cancer act of 1939, not the product from which he offers independent proof that Triamzon is a viable therapy for cancer,There is no ruling to stop any other individuals or business marketing this product, but for now Triamazon has been withdrawn and Andrew Harris been barred from selling it and bound over to keep the peace for two years or risk facing imprisonment.

The law is an ass, as it has often in the past, successfully shot itself in the foot.
Under the freedom of speech act, Andrew Harris, presumably is now entitled, within reason to express his personal views on what ever he chooses, as do us all, and  as a consequence this ruling has achieved absolutely nothing and the judiciary may have indivertibly  pushed this product as many others before it underground. It is essential that we have clarification once and for all to validate or discredit any claims made that Triamazon is a viable product for the relief of this terribly degenerative disease, cancer.

 www.vitalisnews.com

Wrought Iron Railings – Tips on How to Repair Them

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Wrought iron is made of sturdy and durable material. Like any other material that can last a lifetime, it still has the tendency to become dull and rusty. With wrought iron railings specifically, there is always a possibility for it to get tarnished or even cracked.

The good thing about it though, there are easy minor repairs that can be done to restore the beauty back to your railings. This would definitely save a lot of money as well all know how expensive new iron railings can get.

Old iron railings tend to become brittle over time that they might just snap out all of a sudden when pressure is applied on it. Before this happens, it is really best to prioritize repairing old and worn out railings that are inside the home as it could be a potential hazard, especially for children.

Repairing Tips for Wrought Iron Railings

With a bit of caution and a little knowledge, repairing wrought iron railings can easy as 1-2-3.

Tools such as metal cement, saw, drill, and a tool to smooth and basic woodworking tools will be needed to do minor repairs on your railings.

In most cases, welding the railing can effectively correct the problem. If the problem though, is a broken piece of iron, supporting the metal’s interior may be the preferred solution than re-welding. This is especially true for a support rail or staircase. Also, while metal cement can be used to solve this problem, sometimes it is also better to stabilize the whole pole or post for a more effective and lasting solution. Still, if you are uncertain, it is best recommended to call a wrought iron professional.

More often than not, metal professionals or craftsmen would advise you to bring a sample piece of the railing that needs to be repaired. There are also repair procedures that involve steel or wooden inserts into the problematic post or pipe. In most cases, this repair solution works, also making your broken railings look like new again. The rationale behind the repair-support process of is ultimately for safety purposes. As long as the repair ensures stability, then the newly-repaired railing will do fine.

Electrician Ranks By Experience

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Everyone knows someone who can and is not afraid to take on home improvement tasks that involve electrical work. This does not mean the person is an electrician. Take the field of medicine, for instance. A surgical technician is not a surgeon; though they may work in the medical field and know more than the typical person about surgeries, this is not the person that you will call if you are anticipating a surgery. They may be there to assist along with others on the medical staff, but they are not a doctor. The same idea applies to electricians, and there are four stages of the career. Knowing the difference in these stages can help you decide who to hire for any work in your home.

To begin, there is the person who dabbles in the field. Although this person may seem knowledgeable in the trade, if he has not completed the correct course work and testing, he is not certified or legal in any sense. He may do small jobs as a part of a handyman business or he may be an avid do-it-yourselfer. He also may be remarkably skilled, but he is not licensed.

The first step to licensing is to gain an apprenticeship. Most who are working toward becoming an electrician will find employment under a master in the trade. Working anywhere from one to five years in the position coupled with appropriate schoolwork and training, the apprentice will at this time take the journeyman’s exam. Upon passing the exam, he will be considered a journeyman. Because the career field involves potentially dangerous work, it is important to know this so called rank of a person that is doing work in your home. Some simple work does not require as much training as other tasks require, and the electrical contractor whom you employ for the job will send the appropriately ranked person.

Once the rank of journeyman has been attained, a person must continue to work under a master for several years; since laws and requirements vary from state to state, this amount of time will also vary. It can be assumed that a master in the field maintains his status with continued schooling and regular license renewal. Although journeymen and masters may both have involved knowledge and experience in the trade, you must be a master before you can offer apprenticeships to train others.

An apprentice will work for a wage paid by the master. This means that the master stands to profit by offering apprenticeships. For example, a contractor sends an apprentice to a site to complete a one thousand dollar job that takes three hours to complete, the wages paid out for the amateur’s labor could be less than one hundred dollars. Once the rank of journeyman is reached, the wage goes up, but it is still profitable for the master contractor.

4 Tips for Preparing Your Roof for Spring

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Now that winter is over, it’s time to check your roof for any damage that may have occurred during the winter and prepare it for the spring and summer. With high winds, spring showers, and that long-awaited sunshine, the unpredictable spring weather can do some serious damage to a roof that isn’t in peak condition. Spring is the perfect time to inspect your roof because the extreme cold of winter has usually passed, and the extreme heat of summer is yet to come. The mild weather also means there are fewer delays if you do need anything repaired.

Clean and Inspect Your Gutters

Clogged gutters can cause a lot more damage than most people think. When gutters cannot properly drain, they overflow. The water runoff is damaging to your roof and to the foundation of your house.

First, remove any debris that may have built up in your gutters over the winter. After you are sure that all the debris has been removed, use your hose to flush out any remaining residue. Once your gutters are clean, you can thoroughly check for any leaks or cracks, as well as any sections that may have detached from your roof.

Clean and Inspect Your Roof

Just like with your gutters, you can’t properly inspect your roof if it’s covered with debris. After cleaning off your roof, check for any loose or damaged shingles, sagging areas, rust, or algae or fungus. All of these are signs of damage, and you should contact a roofing contractor as soon as possible to get them repaired. Damaged and loose shingles may seem like a small problem, but if they aren’t addressed, the summer heat can make the problem much worse. Similarly, a small sag or a little bit of algae may not seem like they need to be addressed right away, but with the wet weather that comes with the spring, these problems can escalate quickly.

Inspect Your Attic

There may be damages and leaks that aren’t visible from the outside. Inspect your attic for any streaking, wet insulation, or yellowing paint as these are all signs of a potential roof leak.

Trim Back Any Overhanging Branches

High winds can wreak havoc on your trees, and your roof. Overhanging branches can break off and land on your roof, potentially causing damage to your shingles and gutters.

Make sure to inspect your roof as soon as possible this spring, so if your roof does need any repairs, you can get them taken care of before the extreme heat of summer. Contact a certified roofing contractor to ensure that your roof is thoroughly inspected, and to ensure that any and all repairs are done correctly.

Electrician’s CV – How to Write the Best Electrical Curriculum Vitae

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To boost your chances of landing a job in the electrical industry you’ll need to be able to write the best Curriculum Vitae (CV) to showcase yourself, your qualifications and your achievements. You’ll find many CV templates and sample covering letters on the internet which you can use as a foundation or starting point but there are certain key points that you should include when writing your electrician’s CV.

You can begin by modifying the content of the sample covering letter and CV templates to suit your personal profile and then use the points below as a guide to help you cover all the other aspects you may want to include.

Covering Letter

A good covering letter is essential to introduce yourself to the employer and this is where you can really sell yourself. Give a brief description of why you want to join their company, your experience and your contact details.

Hopefully, after reading your covering letter the employer will be looking forward to seeing your CV!

Be Honest and Brief

Always tell the truth. Don’t exaggerate your qualifications and make sure you have proof in the form of certificates or documents. Keep your CV down to 2 sides of A4 and make it simple and uncomplicated.

Personal information

Don’t forget to include your name, telephone, and email contact details.

Objectives

State your objectives, ambitions and hopes for working with this particular company. Even something as simple as wanting to work as part of a team alongside other professional electricians to gain experience and develop your knowledge. You could also state this in your covering letter.

Educational Qualifications

List any education or training qualifications you have including where and when you obtained them. If you don’t have any electrical qualifications you could mention that you have a working knowledge or practical experience and also that you are willing to undergo further training when necessary. A knowledge of the latest updates in the electrical industry is very important and you may be required to be ‘up to speed’.

Skills

Key skills relevant to the job you are applying for should be listed. A range of electrical skills are a real asset to an employer and show that you have experience. Also include any relevant past experience you have including IT, Computer, Team Working or Leading, and Problem Solving Skills. IT skills are gradually being included in the work of a modern electrician and could be required by employers.

Employment History

If you’ve already had a job or jobs, begin with the most recent and list them including the dates you were there, the name and address of the employer, your job title and a brief description of your duties.

Try to make the employment history relevant to the electrical industry. Electricians can cover a wide range of electrical jobs and you’ll need to let an employer know your full capabilities in your CV.

Interests

Don’t simply list your hobbies and interests, but briefly cover areas where you have shown initiative and especially those that show skills relevant to work as an electrician. You may take your home computer or IT skills for granted but they are worth mentioning. Also include any voluntary work you may have done if you think it may be relevant.

References

It’s a good idea to keep your references on file incase you need them for a CV or job application in the future. References could be from your teachers, college tutors or any previous employers.

Interviews

Job interviews can be quite daunting but a little preparation can go a long way. Learning good interview techniques will give you an advantage and when you are properly prepared you will feel more relaxed so you can give your interviewer want they want.

An Introduction to Granite Rocks

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Granites are widely occurring felsic, intrusive and igneous type of rocks. The texture of granite is medium to coarse, rarely with some crystals bigger than the groundmass forming rock which is called as porphyry. Granites are found in different colors like pink, dark gray, green, yellow, red or sometimes even in black and gold depending upon its mineralogy and chemistry. Sometimes Granites occur in circular depressions encircled by a series of hills that are formed by the metamorphic hornfels. Granites are often massive lacking internal structures. They are tough, hard and it has gained widespread use for constructive purposes. 2.75g/cm3 is the average density of granite. If you look at the word ‘granite’, it comes from the Latin word ‘granum’ which is a grain, in reference to its coarse grained constitution.

According to a scientific diagram, Granites are classified for coarse grained plutonic rocks – granitoids and it is named based upon the percentage of quartz, alkali feldspar – sanidine, orthoclase or microcline. Granite like rocks which are silica under saturated might have a feldspathoid such as nepheline. According to modern petrologic, true granite contains both alkali feldspars and plagioclase. When a granitoid lacks or almost lacks plagioclase the rock is said to be alkali granite. If the granitoid carries less than 10% of orthoclase, then it is called tonalite. Amphibole and Pyroxene are common in tonalite. Granites that have both biotite micas and muscovite are called two-mica or binary granite. Typically two-mica granites are low in plagioclase and higher in potassium; A-type or S-type granites. Rhyolite is a volcanic equivalent of plutonic granite.

Presently Earth is the only place Granites are known to form a main part of continental crust. Often granites occur as relatively small, less than 100 km² of stock masses and also in batholiths which are associated with orogenic mountain ranges. Smaller dikes of granite compositions are known as aplites and are often linked with margins of granite intrusions. In some places along with granites, very coarse grained pegmatite masses occur. Granites have been intruded into Earth’s crust during all geologic periods like earthquakes, although most of it has happened in the Precambrian age. Granite rocks are distributed widely throughout the Earth’s continental crust and it is the most abundant basement rocks which underlies the relatively thin sedimentary layer of the continents.

In spite of being fairly common across the globe, the places with the most commercial granite quarries are located in Norway, Sweden – Bohuslän, Finland, Northern Portugal in Chaves, Spain mostly in Galicia and Extremadura, India Brazil and several other countries in southern Africa, such as Angola, Namibia, South Africa and Zimbabwe. Today granites are widely used in making luxury floors, kitchen tables, office tables, bath rooms and tubs.

Adjuster Licensing in Florida – Become a Florida Insurance Claims Adjuster

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Residents of the State of Florida, and non-residents of states that do not require adjuster licensing, are eligible for the Florida All Lines Independent or Company Adjuster license if:

1. You are 18 years or older;

2. An online application is completed and the $55.00 application fee is paid;

3. You are a US citizen or a legal alien with a work authorization;

4. Fingerprints are submitted at one of the sites authorized by the Florida Department of Financial Services (Out-of-state applicants will receive a fingerprint card from the department for completion);

5. You successfully complete the Accredited Claims Adjuster Designation through the University of Central Florida, or one of the other authorized licensing designations, or you pass the state licensing examination.

Florida also maintains a reciprocal licensing arrangement with the following states.

Alabama – Independent adjusters only

Alaska – Independent adjusters only

Arkansas – Independent adjusters only

Connecticut – Independent, Public, and Company adjusters

Georgia – Independent and Public adjusters only. (Does not require licensure for Company adjusters)

Idaho – Independent adjusters only

Illinois – Public adjusters only

Kentucky – Independent, Public, and Company adjusters

Maine – Public and Independent adjusters

Michigan – Public and Independent adjusters

Mississippi – Independent adjusters only

New Mexico – Independent and Company adjusters

North Carolina – Independent, Public, and Company adjusters

Oklahoma – Independent, Public, and Company adjusters

Oregon – Public and Independent adjusters

Pennsylvania – Public adjusters

South Carolina – Independent and Company adjusters only

Texas – Independent and Company adjusters

West Virginia – Independent, Public, and Company adjusters

Washington – Public and Independent adjusters

Wyoming – Independent, Public, and Company adjusters

Utah – Public and Independent adjusters

States that do not require adjuster licensing include Colorado, District of Columbia, Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Maryland, Missouri, Nebraska, New Jersey, North Dakota, Ohio, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Tennessee, Virginia, and Wisconsin.

LICENSING DESIGNATION

Florida first approved the Accredited Claims Adjuster designation in 2003. This designation provided the first and original exemption from the state licensing examination. The course became available as a distance learning course through Florida Insurance University in Partnership with the University of Central Florida in 2004. One out of four adjuster licenses in Florida have been approved using the ACA Designation.

Although other providers are now offering claim adjuster designations, over 250 insurance and adjusting companies use the ACA Designation for licensing resident and non-resident adjusters. The ACA Website may be located at http://www.ce.ucf.edu/insurance

The ACA Designation consists of a series of open-book, multiple choice tests and a written assignment. Students will learn to read and research policy questions, identify claim issues and, at the conclusion of the course, will received a University of Central Florida certificate of completion which will excuse them from the state licensing exam.

CONTINUING EDUCATION

Every FL adjuster is required to complete 24 hours of CE every two years to retain licensure. The 24 hours must include state approved courses for 2 hours-Ethics; 10 hours-Law; 12-hours-Optional.

All required courses are located on the UCF website and all work may be completed online at:

http://www.ce.ucf.edu/ASP/insurance

The Pros And Cons For a Career As a Plumber

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A plumber is a professional who is responsible for repairing and installing the pipes that are used to carry sewage and water. The majority of plumbers work in the plumbing or air conditioning industry, but nearly 14 percent of plumbers are self-employed*. It is important to note that this profession certainly is not for everyone. Before a person decides whether this profession is right for him, he should weigh the pros and cons. Below are some of the benefits and drawbacks of being a plumber:

Pros:

1.) Job opportunities are expected to be plentiful.- The number of jobs in the plumbing industry is expected to grow by 26 percent within the next 10 years*. That is much faster than the national average. There are a growing number of factories and power plants, which is fueling the demand for skilled plumbers.

2.) Great pay- The average salary for a plumber in 2010 was $46,000 per year. However, many plumbers are making over $80,000 per year. The years of experience that a plumber is one of the main factors that determines his pay.

3.) Steady work- There will always be a need for plumbers, which means that people who choose to work in this industry will get to enjoy steady work. Additionally, the uncertain economy does not seem to have any effect on the plumbing industry.

Cons:

1.) Physical demanding- Plumbers are required to spend a great deal of their time carrying heavy pipeline. They also spend most of their day working on their feet. That is why this job may not be right for those who are not in excellent health.

2.) Long, irregular hours- Because a plumbing issue can arise at any time, plumbers may be required to work, long irregular hours. They may even be called into work on their days off to handle after-hour emergencies.

3.) High chance of being injured- Plumbers are at an increased risk for becoming injured while on the job. They can get cut while working with tools. They may also sustain an injury from falling off of a ladder.

Again, people who are interested in joining the plumbing service industry should make sure that take the time to weigh the pros and cons. Plumbers do get to enjoy steady work with great pay. However, this profession is also physically demanding, and it may require that a person work extended hours in the evenings and on weekends.

*(www.bls.gov/ooh/construction-and-extraction/plumbers-pipefitters-and-steamfitters.htm)

Choosing the Best SEO Services Company

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When choosing an SEO services company, you should consider a few things to be able to make the right choice. It is important to note that good search engine optimization (SEO) for your website means more business for you. This is because it will lead to more visibility of your site, hence more traffic, more prospects, more conversions and higher profits. It is the lifeline for the long term success of your business. Therefore, as you choose the company to aid you with your SEO efforts, make a wise choice right from the start to avoid compromising on your web based business.

To start with, you should ask yourself whether SEO is right for your business. If you need more exposure to more clients and potential customers, then the answer here is a no brainer. This decision can also be informed by your level of expertise in terms of SEO. If you are good at implementing SEO yourself, then you can make a quick decision on where to start with your efforts for better search engine visibility. Else, start the process of identifying the most appropriate SEO company to help you out.

The very first sign of a genuine SEO services company is a need to evaluate your website before they offer a quote. These companies know that sometimes, your entire website needs a very small alteration to completely change and become very visible and competitive. They, therefore, insist on evaluating your site to identify what needs to be changed or to be included for better visibility, before you even talk about costs. Avoid SEO companies that will promise and “guarantee” you first page rankings in almost no time. These companies will most likely use some black hat and prohibited techniques to rank your site. The result is temporary good rankings, which fade away as fast as they came. You may also end up getting your site penalized or even banned from the search results, meaning a loss of business and investment capital.

Upon identification of a potential SEO company, find out if they have any certifications. These work towards giving you more confidence in their services. A company that has been identified by various independent authorities for excellent service will most likely give you a very satisfactory outcome with your SEO campaigns. On top of the certifications, they should also have a verifiable portfolio of current and previous clients who are happy with their service.

A huge sign of success that may be delivered by the SEO company of choice is their own website. How well does the SEO company’s website rank for their main keywords? If they are competitively ranked, then you can use them to help with your SEO efforts. If they are nowhere to be found in the search engines, then you cannot expect much from them.

Finally, the cost of the service should be affordable and cheap enough for your pocket, but well enough to guarantee quality service. Remember that success with SEO is an on-going effort and not a one-time activity. So, when choosing your SEO services company, make sure to have this in mind.

Five Companies With Which to Register for REO Trash-Out and Foreclosure Clean Up Jobs

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Many smaller foreclosure clean up businesses get work from larger mortgage field services companies. The trash-out and foreclosure clean up industry is on the rise, as is evident in foreclosure industry reporting data from sources like RealtyTrac, an online marketplace for foreclosures. According to RealtyTrac, 3,825,637 foreclosure filings were reported in 2010 on U.S. properties. That’s a double digit increase from the year 2008.

Foreclosure clean up companies handle the clearing out, cleaning up and ongoing interior and exterior maintenance of homes that have been foreclosed upon by banks and mortgage companies. Services offered by foreclosure clean up companies can include a wide spectrum of services, well beyond cleaning. Services offered by these businesses include cleaning, debris removal, painting, minor repairs, lawn maintenance, applying tarps to roofs and full roof repairs, pressure washing, gutter cleaning, one-time and ongoing inspections, vehicle removal, tree cutting, winterization, lock changing, window and door boarding, and more.

Establish Your Foreclosure Cleaning Enterprise First

Many smaller foreclosure clean up companies get work from property preservation companies. While there are a plethora of property preservation companies in existence, it can be a time-consuming process signing up with all of these entities. The best way to start getting work is to establish your business with the proper license, insurance, and equipment.

Your License: Often a business occupational license from your county’s County Clerk Office is what is needed. Each county is unique, so call your government office that handles business licensing in your county to find out what type of license you will need based on the services you choose to offer.

The Business Insurance: Next, contact a local insurance agency and discuss your business so you can best determine the type of coverage your company will need. At minimum, you will need liability insurance coverage. Also plan to discuss securing workmen’s compensation insurance and the appropriate coverage for your vehicle.

Preparing for Equipment: There are a few routes you can take when it comes to getting equipment for your business. You can either a) purchase equipment, b) rent equipment, or c) use the equipment you already have on hand in your garage or basement to start your business. Plan equipment based on the services you plan to offer in your business.

NOTE: If you niche your services, or offer one-stop shop services based on subcontracting or referring out services, you will need limited equipment to start. However, if you choose to become a one-stop shop and do everything yourself, you will need more equipment. Keep this in mind as you plan your business and equipment needs.

After you have properly researched the industry, planned your business and marketing strategies, secured proper license and insurance, and have your equipment needs in order, it will be time to start signing up for work.

The best way to start is to register your business with larger property preservation companies. Below is a list of five large property preservation companies. Contact them for their vendor packets and start signing up your company so you’re part of their databases.

List of Five Top Property Preservation Companies with Which to Register

1. Mortgage Contracting Services, LLC: A national property preservation and inspection company founded in 1986. (Website: mcs360 DOT com)

2. Cyprexx Services: Cyprexx is a national field services business that provides property preservation, inspection, repair and maintenance services to some of the largest financial organizations, government institutions, asset management corporations, and brokers in the U.S. (Internet Address: cyprexx DOT com)

3. Five Brothers: This company has been in business for more than 40 years providing property preservation, inspection, and REO management-related services. (Website: fivebrms DOT com)

4. Field Asset Services, Inc.: Field Asset Services is an REO asset management servicing and property preservation company responsible for more than 7.3 billion dollars in residences on behalf of almost 30 major nationwide clients. They regularly care for 120,000 plus properties. (Site: fieldassets DOT com)

5. Lenders Asset Management Corp. (“LAMCO”): LAMCO has been in existence since 1989 providing residential REO asset management and outsourcing solutions for national lending institutions, banks, servicers, and investment firms. (Web: lendersreo DOT com)

Planning for Property Preservation Tests

When you register your foreclosure clean up business with these large property preservation companies, be prepared to show proof of insurance, business registration, and quite possibly be prepared to take a property preservation quiz. Most of these quizzes are straight-forward tests that simply judge your comprehension of basic industry terms and tasks. Much of the test information is quickly available online — if you don’t already know it.

Foreclosure Clean Up Jobs for Years to Come

Remember, once you get registered with these companies and your credentials check out, these larger entities can provide your company with bulk foreclosure cleaning work for years to come.

Much success registering your REO trash-out business with these companies for foreclosure clean up jobs!

For a larger list of property preservation companies and other key businesses with which to register for foreclosure cleaning and REO trash-out work (with direct vendor job links), see the Property Preservation & Real Estate Industry Contracting and Subcontracting Directory.

Crystal Pointe Jersey City

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Crystal Pointe Jersey City has some of the most beautiful condos of any development within Jersey City.  They are beautiful condos on the waterfront that allow an owner to simply be stunned by the view.  Crystal Pointe downtown condos are easily accessible and a great place to live.  There are many unique amenities that will ensure that you want to take full advantage of Crystal Pointe.

One of the most amazing amenities of these condominiums is the pool.  Unlike other condo buildings which have pools that are small and do not offer any landscaping, the pool at Crystal Point Jersey City is simply amazing.  The pool offers amazing views of the surrounding area as well as a great place to sit back and relax with your friends or family.  Unlike other buildings that say that they are on the water but are nowhere close Crystal Point Jersey City is right on the water.  It is literally 25 feet away from the water and you will be able to enjoy great views of the Hudson from two sides of the building.

The doorman and concierge service are two other great benefits.  The grand lobby offers a luxurious space to walk into whether you are arriving for the first time or are coming home from a long day at work.  Valet parking is one of the best features of Crystal Pointe.  Many residents choose not to drive their vehicles and simply walk or take public transportation to work.  The Crystal club lounge is an enjoyable place to relax.  There are plenty of comfortable pieces of furniture where you can sit back and talk with all of your friends.  This lounge can also be a unique starting point for your evening or a great place to talk after a long night out on the town.

The contemporary feeling of the residences at Crystal Pointe makes residents feel as if they were in an amazing new world.  Balconies and terraces are available in nearly every residence so that plenty of outdoor entertaining can be done.  Concealed heating and air conditioning systems allow the condominiums to have a cleaner and more modern appearance.  Jenn Air appliances and an ASKO washer/dryer are included with each condominium to allow the move in process to flow as smoothly as possible.  Imported quartz counter tops along with sleek looking cabinets make a resident of Crystal Pointe truly feel at home.  Residents have a separate glass enclosed shower, supremely stunning vanities and imported marble floors to touch off the final quarters of their homes.

Crystal Pointe Jersey City is one of the top condominium developments to be in.  There are a ton of activities nearby for residents to enjoy.  Living at Crystal Pointe Jersey City is one of the top downtown Jersey City condos.  Do not avoid going for the best possible condominium.  Purchasing and enjoying a condominium is one of the best feelings in the world.  Crystal Pointe is selling condominiums fast so ensure that you take a look at one today.

Extension Springs Vs Torsion Springs – Choosing the Right Garage Door Parts

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Choosing the correct springs for your dream garage door that you want to operate flawlessly might be a good deal more significant than you realized. Homeowners making these DIY repairs can cause harm to theirselves, loved ones, and even damage to their own property – and this can be no exaggeration. The facts are that deaths have occurred due to springs that are improperly installed. That is why seasoned professionals from an overhead door business that is reputable should function as the only ones fixing a damaged or broken garage door. There’s much at stake. This post will discuss the most common kinds of springs.

In truth there’s an extensive variety of garage door springs that are distinct, and many distinct subtypes. Yet there are two primary types of torsion, extension and springs.

Extension springs are the most frequently employed garage door springs on residential dwellings. You are going to discover them above the upper courses, on either side of the door, running. For the door to open these springs must go, which supplies.

These cables can keep from turning into a dangerous projectile somehow or in case a bottom mount, cable or spring breaks neglects. Something such as this can occur at any time the garage door is open, shut or proceeding. It’s incredibly significant that security cables be installed with extension springs because of this on all doors.

Extension springs stretch and enlarge, whereas torque is used by torsion springs to be able to lift the door.

There’s a more extensive variety of choices that include torsion springs, including a number of spans and sizes. These variations are carefully computed to fit path radius among other variables along with the kind of overhead door, its height and width.

Still stuck with determining between Extension or Torsion Garage Door Springs? Extension springs are often priced lower than torsion springs and this can be why most houses have them. Nevertheless, it is necessary to understand that due to having more components exposed, they do present a danger that is higher.

On the other hand, torsion springs can continue up to twice as long, are stronger, and can support a heavier door. Torsion springs supply greater equilibrium overall, making the garage door open and close more readily. Having fewer uncovered parts, they’re undoubtedly safer. Why torsion springs usually are more expensive this is.

Don’t forget to take into consideration the added advantages that come with a torsion spring system, particularly in regards to security, should you be contemplating your choices for new springs. By picking it’s possible for you to foster your ROI.

In any event got to take into account that whether you use extension or torsion garage door springs, both use extreme numbers of tension while using. To restrict the threat of harm or property damage, we definitely recommend which you talk to a garage door business that is reputable before attempting to fix or install the springs yourself.

Promotional Bar Accessories As Business Advertising Products

Why does anyone utilize Promotional Bar Accessories –  for exposure and advertising. Promotional Products are not just for tradeshows. Since just about any item can be embossed with a logo it is worth taking a look at all of your regular purchases and see what could be personalized.

Promotional bar accessories often carry much more advertising staying power than paper printed advertising, unless the printed paper products you’re talking about are paper cubes, notepads, notebooks and sticky notes. With your logo printed on cubes, notepads, notebooks or Post-it notes, every note written will carry your logo or marketing message to another potential client.

Print4half.com offering Promotional Bar Accessories at half the price and greater quality. Promotional Bar Accessories performing a major role in brand awareness, new customer generation and new product introductions. Printing on those Promotional Bar Accessories should be attractive enough to get a notice from the people.

Advantages of Promotional Bar Accessories

Creation and Retention of Interest – If the promotional bar accessories you’re giving away are useful and durable, recipients would no doubt be able to use them for a long time. Consequently, they can become your customers in the future because the imprinted logo or brand name on the promotional bar accessories constantly reminds them of how they got the product in the first place.

Trade Show Traffic Generation – If you are joining a trade show, one way of encouraging people to visit your booth is to offer promotional bar accessories. And to make sure that the benefit’s mutual, make sure that you attach a pamphlet to the product or require people to listen to you first before allowing them to proceed to the “next step” and accept their “reward”. When others see people flocking to your booth, curiosity will usually prompt them to join in and the cycle goes on and on.

Free Samples as promotional bar accessories – If you’ve got a new product to introduce to the market, you can give samples away and allow prospective customers to experience for themselves the benefits of your latest product. This can even be a more affordable marketing solution since you don’t have to make use of the services of another manufacturing company. In this instance, it’s your own factory that’s manufacturing the products you intend to give away for promotional use.

Custom Promotional items are also used in politics to promote candidate and their manifesto. Wristband, used to promote cancer awareness and raise funds to support cancer survivorship programs and research.

The first known promotional products in the United States are commemorative buttons dating back to the election of George Washington in 1789.

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Integrating Thermography With Your Cmms-eam Systems

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Introduction

More and more companies are investing in CMMS systems to organize the complex task of managing capital equipment and facility infrastructure whether it is process or production equipment or building systems like HVAC and computers. CMMS is a great organizational tool but cannot directly monitor equipment conditions. PdM technologies including thermography excel at monitoring equipment condition but do not have the ability to organize overall maintenance operations and have historically been closed proprietary systems. If maintenance practices and investments are to really pay off, the integration of the two tools is necessary. As organizational systems become more computerized, the overall access and quality of data substantially increases. The challenge is how best to create, organize and disseminate the vast amount of data that computerized database systems like CMMS inevitability create. In addition, inevitably the added workload will be required without additional staff. To achieve this, one must make sure that any data collected is integrated with the original database. In this way, the investment in building asset databases is leveraged across the many interfaces and platforms. Techniques to push out this data and take back updated machinery health data is what this paper will discuss and provide specific examples of doing this in practice.

Disadvantages of Current PdM/CMMS Systems

  • No common data formats between systems
  • No way to integrate CMMS asset data into PdM devices
  • Data transfer is manual and time consuming, limiting the ability to build an integrated program
  • No ability to “drill down” and extract metrics
  • Lost opportunity to develop correlations between PdM methodologies

Advantages of Integrated PdM/CMMS Systems

  • Asset data entered once is leveraged across multiple systems
  • Common nomenclature delivers consistent results regardless of operator skill and training
  • Significant efficiencies can be realized and costs and or effectiveness of PdM tools increased
  • Route-based data collection derived from historical data results in better utilization of manpower resources

Integrating CMMS Data with Your Thermography Program

To begin you need to create a thermography camera system that can operate like a data logger. Common elements in data loggers are: a touch screen, a sophisticated file management system, the ability to handle data formats like XML and an easy way to input and output data. A tablet form-factor makes it practical to use your finger or stylus to execute software features. Many of today’s popular portable vibration data collectors are excellent examples of product designs that are conducive for integration. Similarly, the thermography camera – data logger system is also best designed to be a ruggedized tablet style computer with a thermal camera channel. Some of the most common features of data loggers that make them easily integrated into CMMS systems are:

  • Rugged small tablet form factor
  • Touchscreen user interface
  • Application-specific software functionality
  • PC-familiar internal file management
  • Simple-to-execute file exchange between PC and device

Once the portable user interfaces has been established, a desktop software application must be implemented that interface both to the camera and to CMMS databases. A software wizard can be used to map CMMS source data to a thermography asset database. Data must be exported from the CMMS system as a CSV file. The wizard then imports those fields that are desired to be tracked. The wizard must assure that each record of asset data that is exported from the CMMS system maintains sufficient identification to ensure that links between the CMMS source and the thermography program database are maintained. By automating the population of the thermography asset database, the user eliminates the need to enter potentially hundreds if not thousands of records into the thermography program making it more likely the tool will be used effectively. Once the CMMS source data is in the camera it is highly efficient to tag asset information to captured images during the inspection process using intuitive pull temperature rise, incident severity, repair recommendation, a visible control photograph and the asset descriptions are permanently stored in the infrared camera’s thermal image where they can be automatically loaded in pre designed report templates for quick and easy report generation. In addition to simplifying data gathering and automating report generation, the asset lists can be organized into route files. Such a thermography camera can take asset files and organize them into routes that the thermographer can then use to guide them through all the inspection points assigned for the next inspection cycle, an enormous step toward efficiency and savings.

Summary

  • Field inspection is a data intensive process
  • Leveraging a source database across all PdM modality is efficient and cost effective
  • Standardized data ensures consistent results (for example 3 operators might call the same asset three different names)
  • Data can be organized into routes and operators can be trained to conduct data gathering
  • Future potential to correlate data across PdM modality to improve route cause analysis of various equipment problems
  • Software when used as intended can lower program costs significantly and by eliminating manually intensive data entry the prospects of using an integrated data base within a portable PdM instrument like a thermography camera are greatly enhanced.

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Options and Benefits of Metal Fencing

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If you wish to boost your home security, you may consider metal fencing as a cost-efficient and long lasting option. You will have better peace of mind when you sleep at night or go away on vacation. To some degree, metal fencing is a good way to secure your possessions and protect your loved ones from harm.

Metal fences are also commonly installed to secure fish ponds, gardens, and pets. Metal offers a degree of flexibility that more home builders are seeing the value of this material. The home owner may choose from various kinds of metals, designs, sizes, and patterns available. You may even have your fences painted to complement your home’s exterior.

There are plenty of choices when it comes to a metal style fence design, from the simplest to more complex and intricate designs. Of course, we cannot forget the durability and the sturdiness of metal type fencing, which makes it ideal for any kind of property. A coat of paint is enough for the metal to last for many years. When the metal eventually degenerates, metal style fences are easy and cheaper to repair or replace.

Wood will remain a popular choice for fencing but metal comes with a lot of advantages for the home builder. Unlike wooden fences, metal type fencing is not prone to pest and termite infestation. It is inexpensive and does not take much to maintain. When it comes to aesthetic appeal, metal fencing easily rivals the classic appeal of wooden fences. Even better, ornamental metal fences are made available in a variety of shapes and styles.

Metal Fencing Options

Aluminum and wrought iron are two commonly used materials in this type of fencing. Aluminum is the cheaper alternative between the two and can withstand rusting better. It would make a good choice if it always rains in your location. Aluminum metal is also ideal for pool areas. It is also ideal if you would like to have your fences painted on.

On the other hand, wrought iron fences cost a little more because they are custom-built and bring about a more classic look and feel. Rust can be a major problem but if you live in a mostly sunny city, proper maintenance is all it takes to keep them in top condition. Wrought iron fences can be galvanized to keep away rust and prevent discoloration.

With regard to design, you have the option to choose between chain-link metal fencing or interlocking post and rail fencing. You may choose either one depending on your needs and preference. Chain link fences are commonly found around football fields, public pools, and baseball pitches. If you are installing a fence mostly for practical purposes, chain-link fences are affordable and easy to set up.

If you would like your fence to serve a decorative as well as a functional purpose, you may pay a little extra and have post and rail metal fencing installed. Costs vary in range depending on the thickness, spacing, and the overall appearance of the rails. Line posts and corner posts should be chosen with care. They vary according to joint shapes such as u-joint, y-joint, t-joint, or square-shaped. Each type supports various types of metal fencing and you may ask the help of a contractor to ensure the quality of your metal fencing.

Become an Electrician: It’s Recession Proof

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The US has been in a recession for years. Even though economists note that the official markers of a recession are over, we still haven’t seen any significant job growth as unemployment hovers around 9%. Although there is a significant unemployed workforce, there is still a high demand for qualified technicians that still goes unsatisfied. The electrician field is perhaps one of the most recession-proof technician jobs there are, and one can set his/her own schedule while fulfilling a much needed function.

Electricians Needed in Residential Settings

Electricians are needed for many reasons around the house. There are any number of electrical problems that can occur such as faulty wiring. 18.6% of house fires start from wires, outlet boxes, and the like, according to the Fire Safety Administration. Electricians are also needed to check houses that are put up for sale to make sure they are up to code. Keeping houses up to code are perhaps the most needed function for electricians in this country, and it is a well-paid and simple function to carry out, as well as being a much-needed function that keeps people safe when they make some of the largest purchases they will ever make in their lives.

Electricians Needed in Commercial Settings

Especially if you live in an urban setting, electricians are needed in large numbers to maintain large office complexes. Metropolitan areas have huge skyscrapers with hundreds of offices inside that are constantly in need of electrical upkeep. Electricians are also needed to approve new office builds. Offices are full of electronics these days, and so new builds require extensive wiring to accommodate today’s high-tech needs. Like in the residential areas, electricians are also needed to help appraise office areas and make sure they are up to code.

Offices aren’t the only area of commercial real-estate that is in need of the high-paid services of an electrician. Schools need help with wiring maintenance. Supermarkets need help from electricians to keep their coolers working at the high performance necessary to keep their produce fresh. Electricians are also needed to set up video displays in commercial settings (also known as digital signage) where information is displayed on LCD displays on campuses and office complexes.

Electricians Needed in Industrial Settings

Factory lines are perhaps the most demanding places in terms of electricity usage and safety issues. Electricians are needed to make sure that large industrial buildings are up to code and that the conditions are safe. Any problems can end in a fire and loss of employee lives, so the electrician holds a lot of responsibility, but is also paid well because of this. Factories employ electricians full time so that they always have someone on-site to handle any outages. Outages can result in hours of down-time which can cost a factory thousands of dollars in opportunity cost.

There is a diverse array of possibilities for electricians, and this area of our workforce shows no signs of disappearing or shrinking. If anything, we will continue to need the services of electricians more and more in the years to come. The strange irony about this recession is that there are a lot of people out of jobs, but there are so many opportunities for people that are simply trained in the right skills, and the electrician field is definitely one of those.

How to Design a Roof – The Best Rafter Tail Detail

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If you’re looking for information on “how to design a roof”, you probably know that a “rafter tail” is the end of the rafter that overhangs the wall. What you may not know is that the design you choose can determine whether you have a leaky roof edge or not. If you’re going to attach a fascia board, you basically have two choices…

How to Design a Roof — Plumb Cut Rafter Tails

Plumb cut rafter tails have a vertical fascia board. That’s handy for installing gutters because the back side of most gutters is also vertical. But without gutters, much of the water coming off the roof runs down the fascia, where it can rot the wood over time, especially at the joints.

But a far bigger problem is the angle of the fascia to the sloped roof. It varies with the slope of course, but standard drip edge comes with just one angle, which is 90 degrees. Of course the roofer could have custom drip edge fabricated, but more often than not, he “makes do” with the standard stuff, trying to bend it by hand on site to accommodate the angle.

The typical result is a drip edge that not only sticks out at an unsightly angle, but creates a little “dip” at the very edge of the roof. Water lays in the dip, coming in at the seams in the roofing. With the leaks coming through vinyl or aluminum soffits outside the house, they can go undetected for years, resulting in a significant amount of rotted wood.

How to Design a Roof — Square Cut Rafter Tails

Square cut rafter tails are perpendicular to the rafter. That slopes them down and away from the drip edge. I’m not a big gutter fan, but if you want them, brackets are available to provide a plumb mounting surface. And when gutters aren’t used, water can run off the drip edge without ever touching the fascia board.

But the biggest advantage with square cut rafter tails is they accommodate standard 90 degree drip edge perfectly. The face of the metal is flush up against the fascia board and the flange lies flat on the roof, just like it should. That makes it easier for the tradesman to do a good job, which is an important principle when learning how to design a roof or anything else.

Should You Start Your Own Electrician Business? – Pros and Cons

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Just about anyone would love to start their own business. The thought of being able to call the shots and work on your own really sounds great on the surface, but becoming an electrician is a far more difficult task than most people think. It takes years of dedication and learning to become licensed and to become a credible business is a whole other struggle.

Here are the Pros of why you should start you own electrician business:

• Potential Income – Electricians can make anywhere from $40 – $100 dollars an hour and the electrician business is one of the fastest growing businesses in the United States. For you this means there is going to be plenty of money to make if you can become licensed and insured.

• Self Employed – The great thing about become an electrician is the fact you can run your own business with your own rules. You can work from your home or office as long as you have all the materials needed to perform services.

• Tax Benefits – There are a lot of tax benefits of running your own business. The government will literally give you money for start-up costs. The schooling you need will be costly and the government will help out with a portion of that as well.

Here are the Cons of why you shouldn’t start you own electrician business:

• Apprenticeship – It takes years of being an apprentice to a licensed electrician to be able to become one of your own. Some people just don’t have the drive to make it through the years of schooling and apprenticeship that it takes to become licensed in this business.

• Dangerous – Electricians have the possibility of being electrocuted and killed if the right voltage is discharged. There are stories all over the internet about electricians accidentally getting hurt or even worse, killed on jobs where something went wrong. This is a very dangerous job that has high risks of injury. Keep this in mind if you have children or people that rely on you on a regular basis.

• Competition – The competition is this field is high but if you are licensed and insured, you will set yourself apart from a high percentage of the electricians marketing themselves online or on Craigslist. Most of the electricians that you will find on Craigslist, might say they are licensed but they really aren’t. I suggest that when you get your license, you display it on your ads and website, so people know that you are licensed and insured right away.

Becoming an electrician is not an easy task but if you stay motivated, finish your schooling and apprenticeship, and get licensed and insured, it is very likely that you can become successful in this business.

Sugarloaf Mountain – 5 Facts You Didn’t Know

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Sugarloaf Mountain is an eye-catching landmark that overlooks Rio de Janeiro and sits at the entrance to Guanabara Bay in southeastern Brazil. It is called Pao de Acucar in Portuguese, and it’s named for its special form that looks like a classic form of refined sugar used in the 19th century. A tall granite cone having a circular top, it reaches up some 1,299 ft. Here are five fascinating details about this magnificent natural piece of art in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil:

Rock Climbing – Sugar Loaf Mountain is one of the largest and most well-liked urban rock climbing destinations across the world. There are 270 various routes to discover while you climb high above the Atlantic Ocean and Rio de Janeiro. You can go for it yourself, or simply watch other adventurers conquer the iconic mountain.

Neighboring Mountains – It’s not the one special landmark in the region. Its neighbors add to the splendor of the entire peninsula. Morro de Babilonia, or Babylon Mountain and Morro de Urca, or Urca’s mountain are two neighboring all-natural wonders. These two mountains are also available for the public to visit and open to rock climbers as well. Morro de Urca provides a place for youngsters to play as well as a restaurant that serves up great Brazilian dishes.

Hollywood Star – Sugar Loaf Mountain has also been seen in Hollywood blockbusters. The beauty of the area makes it great for the big screen. Pao de Acucar created its debut on screen with the 1942 film “Now, Voyager” with Bette Davis. It has also been featured in a James Bond movie, “Moonraker” in 1979 exactly where one of the scenes took place in a cable car. It has even been referenced one the well-liked cartoon sitcom, “The Simpsons.”

Guanabara Bay – Historic Guanabara Bay stretches in front of Sugar Loaf Mountain. Translated as “the bosom with the sea”, it has been a place for many fortifications built by the colonial government in the 16th century. Guanabara actually has more than 130 islands and is surrounded by beautiful scenery that you are able to see from way above while you tour the mountain.

Amazing Cable Auto Trip – Two cable vehicles take visitors to the summit where they are able take in the stunning views of Rio de Janeiro from the peak which is 1,296 ft high. The cable cars are enclosed by glass panels. As you start to go up to the top, you’ll be able to enjoy the breathtaking views unfolding below you. Since Sugarloaf Mountain sits on a peninsula that stretches into the Atlantic Ocean it offers a distinctive combination of a bustling metropolis, a tranquil bay, as well as a sparkling ocean. You’ll love the view at the top but the ride there will likely be just as pleasant.

Brazil is known for its gorgeous landscape and lively ambiance. Sugarloaf Mountain, overlooking the famous Rio de Janeiro isn’t any exception. Travelers from all over the world are drawn to this gorgeous landmark every year and it continues to become one of one of the most visited locations in Brazil.

14 Free Things To Do In Branson Missouri (And Still Have Fun!)

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Landscapers orlando fl We are the best landscapers in the Orlando area, and this article is presented by us. Hope to work with you soon! Give us a call today about landscaping and you won’t be disapointed!

In beautiful Branson, Missouri, there are plenty of things to see and do. Even better, there are plenty of FREE things to do in Branson that are fun and interesting for the whole family Branson’s great variety of outdoor fun, unique attractions and interesting history make it the perfect place to discover a great vacation! The FREE activities in Branson make it an even better place to visit, no matter what time of year it is!

The rolling Ozark Mountains make Branson a beautiful, scenic outdoor wonderland Therefore, there are several ways to have fun in Branson that involve the great outdoors Branson’s three gorgeous lakes provide great opportunities for recreation, both exciting and leisurely

  1. Table Rock Lake Dam: This massive engineering structure was completed in 1958 and created Table Rock Lake. Crowds gather to watch the powerful structure hold back the waters of the White River.
  2. Table Rock Lake: The waters of this outdoor wonderland have become a haven for visitors nationwide Take advantage of water activities such as boating, fishing, water-skiing, swimming, scuba diving, hiking and camping
  3. Shepherd of the Hills Fish Hatchery: One of Branson’s most popular tourist sites, the fish hatchery is located below Table Rock Dam The center has several beautiful aquariums showcasing Missouri’s native fish Families love to walk through the fish hatchery and learn more about the world around them Self-guided and conducted tours are available.

  4. Moonshine Beach: Moonshine Beach is a great place to relax with the family. The sandy beach located on Table Rock Lake allows families to swim, sun and enjoy beautiful views.

  5. Table Rock State Park: Located on the shores of Table Rock Lake, the park is ideal water activities and is outfitted with a marina, boat rentals, campsites and picnic areas.

  6. Lake Taneycomo: This downtown Branson lake is a fishing enthusiasts dream! Other activities in and around this like include boating, hiking, scuba diving, and picnicking

    Other FREE outdoor activities in Branson Missouri include incredible scenic views, hiking, camping and wonderful exploration opportunities.

  7. Henning State Forest: This 1,534 acre-park offers spectacular views, nature trails and nature studies There is a naturalist on hand to answer questions and a beautiful scenic lookout area that provides an incredible view of the countryside
  8. Lakeside Wilderness Area: Lakeside provides a great trail that leads to the shores of Lake Taneycomo. A surprising remote area that reveals the gem that is Branson’s beautiful outdoors

    There are more free things to do in Branson Mo too!

  9. Stone Hill Winery: Experience a sparkling tour of wine making on this free tour, which ends with some fine wine tasting Kids receive grape juice.
  10. College of the Ozarks: This picturesque campus is complete with lovely landscaping, fountains and walking paths Visitors will also want to experience the Keeter Center Restaurant, the free tours at Edwards Mill and the Ralph Foster Museum, which houses the area’s best collection of Ozarks history. (Slight fee for museum admission.)

  11. Shopping in Branson: Branson is a great place to shop and it doesn’t cost a thing to look! Explore the many outlet malls and the new addition to the Branson scene, Branson Landing.

  12. Branson Landing: The Landing has a beautiful boardwalk visitors can stroll while enjoying scenic views and the Lake Taneycomo

  13. Historic Downtown Branson: A small-town, charming glimpse into historic Branson This popular area is filled with shops, restaurants and quaint stores filled with treasures

  14. Free Sunday Shows in Branson: Several Branson theaters open their doors Sunday morning for gospel singing and praising

A vacation in Branson Missouri is an experience of a lifetime. Visit today and discover some of Branson’s most enjoyable activities are free, fun and unforgettable!

The Importance of Using an Experienced Plumber

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Plumber in Orlando FL We are the best plumbers in the Orlando area, and this article is presented by us. Hope to work with you soon! Give us a call today about any plumbing and you won’t be disapointed!

Plumbers, plumbing companies, and plumbing contractors come in all shapes and sizes. Some plumbers are brand new to the scene but are still high-quality professionals. Other plumbers have been around for 20 years, but not because they provide great service. Other companies have been around for quite a good portion of time, and are very reputable within your community. The trick is weeding through all of the sub par companies in order to find a plumbing contractor that is worth paying to come out to your home.

There are many benefits to having an experienced plumber working for you as opposed to an inexperienced plumber:

Quality of Equipment- In most cases, plumbing equipment is very expensive! Think about it, if the equipment wasn’t expensive, then every household would have it, and therefore there’d be no reason for plumbers in the first place.

Reliability of Project Completion- Newbie plumbing companies have not had the opportunity to see the wide array of plumbing issues that can go wrong in a household, and if they have seen the issues, they haven’t seen them very many times. The nice thing about having an experienced plumber at your home, is that they have seen the issue that you are dealing with time and time again, so they automatically know what needs to be done in order to properly fix your problem. And since they have fixed the problem so many times before, you can also have faith in the fact that once they are done working on your pipes, you will not be needing them and calling them again to come back and redo something that they might have missed or forgotten.

Cleanliness of Technicians- Another thing that often comes with an experienced plumber is the proper processes and procedures that keep your home safe and clean when you invite them in. Newbie plumbing companies or random people who know how to work on plumbing issues will not have procedures in place like the more experienced companies, and so your home might be left in disarray after their departure.

To conclude, it is easy to see that hiring an inexperienced contractor for your plumbing needs is a risk that is unnecessary for you to take. There are plenty of plumbers out there who are experienced enough to provide you with the quality that you want at a price that you deserve. So just do a small amount of research before you hire someone, and you’ll surely see the benefits in the long run.

Plumbing Livermore: Drain Pipe Repair Services

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According to Plumbing Livermore Licensed local plumbers provide various sorts of plumbers for residential houses and commercial companies. One sort of service that’s provided by Plumbing Livermore plumbers is drain pipe repair services. Issues with the drain and drainpipes are typical because you will find numerous issues that can be cultivated using the drain pipe and it is components.
You will find numerous issues that can be cultivated having a drain pipe which makes it essential to call a plumber. For example, with time, drainpipes may become worn or broken that will need a repair or alternative. Additionally, drains may become blocked and just an expert can obvious it, a pipe can burst, there might be a necessity to upgrade pipes because of esthetic reasons in order to meet building codes. Too, sometimes incorrect products is going to be put lower a drain which in turn causes damage or perhaps a blockage which will have to be removed and fixed.
You will find quantity of signs which will indicate that it’s time to call a Livermore Plumbing. You need to call a plumber should you uncover the next: there’s an obstruction within the drain line that you’re not able to get rid of, the bathroom. won’t stop eliminating, water within the toilet is slow to empty, you’ve got a major leak, there’s leakage from the drain pipe, the carburetor isn’t running correctly, water pressure is low, there’s a sewer smelly odor from the drain, and you will find leaks around a plumbing fixture or from the wall or ceiling.

When there’s an issue with the drain and drainpipes, you should get in touch with an expert plumber just because a plumber has got the expertise to identify an issue and make the right repair. Plumbing Livermore plumber can examine the drain lines to look for the supply of the issue utilizing a camcorder device that’s sent with the drain pipe. If the issue is a difficult blockage, a plumber has got the items and tools to obvious the clog. Local plumbers also provide sophisticated equipment to provide the drain lines an intensive cleaning.
For those who have damaged or broken drainpipes, a plumber has got the equipment and tools required to result in the repair or replace the drain pipe. The drainpipes tell you you’re building so you should come with an expert who is able to stick to the network and examine all the components, pipes, and connections. A plumber can locate the origin of what’s leading to the issue making the repair.
Drainpipes are a significant part from the water system. It is necessary for home owners and companies to help keep the drain and every one of its components in good working condition to ensure that serious problems don’t develop. A plumber plays a huge role in water system maintenance and may provide tips about how to correctly keep up with the drain and drainpipes. A plumber may take proper care of all your plumbing needs so if you don’t presently possess a plumber, it might be time to discover a professional and licensed plumber for any system check-up before you have an urgent situation.

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Source by mrdrain

Qualities Plumbers in Coral Springs Should Have

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Imagine this scenario: As usual, you’re rushing to your 9-to-5 job. You tried to wash the dishes, but the faucet won’t produce water; you took a dump, but the flush handle won’t budge; and your forced air system is suddenly not taking in any air. These situations are frustrating, but a good Coral Springs plumber can remedy them.

Your plumbing system consists of your water supply, your heating system, and your drainage system. You can fix some plumbing problems by yourself, such as leaky faucets, clogged sinks and faulty flush systems. Others—like gas leaks, unusual toilet smells, and heating system problems—are best left to a professional. To make the most of a plumber’s services, look for the following when you interview your prospective plumbers.

Competence. Study your plumbing problems carefully, and ask your plumber as many questions about the problem as you can. If the plumber can answer most of your questions satisfactorily and with confidence, you’ve probably found a good one. You can confirm the plumber’s ability with previous customers; choose a plumber who’s worked with a family member or friend, so that gathering referrals is easier.

Technical Qualification. Your plumber should have sufficient education for his job. He must also be licensed according to Coral Springs laws; check the city’s yellow pages for plumber licensing agencies, and verify with them. Ideally, a plumber’s experience is directly proportional to his competence; for instance, he may have handled unusual plumbing problems not taught in plumbing school.

Warranty and Insurance. The plumber Coral Springs FL residents trust is humble enough to admit that his work may not be permanent. A warranty assures you that you get what you’re paying for, and that your plumber is not a one-hit wonder. Likewise, if a plumber is insured, you don’t need worry about medical expenses if the plumber is involved in a work-related accident. Even if it turns out that the plumber can’t do the job well, the warranty and insurance should keep your expenses to a minimum.

Professionalism. This is arguably tied with competence as the most important trait plumbers in Coral Springs should have. If your plumber shows up on time for work, is generally courteous, and makes an effort to perform the best job he can, he’s a good candidate. You should feel comfortable with someone who’s going to work in one of your home’s most intimate places.

Your plumber should have the skills, technical qualification, and attitude to do the job well. Don’t leave the plumbing Coral Springs FL houses have in less-than-capable hands. For more information, read wikihow.com/Find-a-Good-Plumber.

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Source by Bibi Karpel

Mean Green-the Hand Cleaner That Removes Anything

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MEAN GREEN Power Hand Scrub is what made us Famous! It is unlike any Hand Cleaner you have ever seen in your whole life. It’s not waterless, it works with water, it works under an entirely different principle of cleansing skin. It has no solvents and no caustic chemicals like other hand cleaners. It uses a unique complex that reaches out and evnelops the dirt microscopically and binds it into the formula and when you rinse your hands at the sink….it will even clean the sink.

It will take off anything!

No qualification here. We have simply been unable to find anything the working person gets his hands into that MEAN GREEN Hand Scrub can’t remove. Tar, asphalt, grease, oil, bondo, glue, adhesives, paint (wet or dry), printers ink (this is what it was invented for), etc… This makes it sound like it is a really harsh industrial hand cleaner loaded with solvents — NOT SO!

MEAN GREEN will actually help your hands heal!

MEAN GREEN Hand Scrub exactly how you see it, is presently being sold to cosmetic companies in bulk to be repackaged into fancy little bottles and then sold by fashion boutiques as a Ladies Face Scrub! There are absolutely NO petroleum solvents of any kind in the formula. Don’t be fooled by other hand cleaner companies that claim “petroleum solvent free”. All they do is substitute harsh D’Limonene (turpentine made from orange peels) or “mineral spirits” or some other harsh solvents which are terrible for your hands.

It is the cheapest hand cleaner you will ever love!

MEAN GREEN Hand Scrub is so concentrated, you will get 300 hand washes per pound! That works out to about 2 cents per wash. SAVE up to 58% compared to waterless. GoJo, DL, Loyal and all “other WATERLESS” hand cleaners cost you from 8 to 12 cents per wash. Whoa, you say, won’t I waste MEAN GREEN Hand Scrub? Simple, MEAN GREEN is so concentrated that if you try to use too much, you will spend quite a while trying to get it off your hands, thus defeating the purpose of waste. MEAN GREEN Hand Scrub is the only self regulating hand cleaner on the market!

Please contact me for more information or how you can get a FREE SAMPLE of this amazing Hand
Cleaner.

Testimonial:
“Steve,
Thank you for you help with Mean Green hand cleaner. My technicians are very pleased with the performance of the cleaner and how easy it is on their hands since they scrub their hands on the average of 10 times per day. The fact that Mean Green does not have any solvents is the best reason to use this cleaner since it does not have any proven long term effects.
I feel confident that Mean Green is the best hand cleaner for my shop and the health of my technicians.
Thanks again Steve!
Sincerely,
Eric Lang
Owner
Christian Bros. Automotive-Warwick
405.720.1200
http://www.cbawarwick.com “

Recently, Eric ran out of his hand cleaner and we stopped by the take him a small tub to tide him over until his new shipment arrived. He said that he had pulled out some of the old stash of Gojo and his guys lined up in front of his desk wanting to know if they were going back to that ‘stuff’….it was their contention that nothing works like Mean Green Tough Hand Cleaner nor is as gentle! No way do they want to go back. He was very grateful for the tub we brought by.

….Others, “One of our mechanics left and took our tub of Mean Green Tough Hand Cleaner with him, we need to re-order now!”

….”I’m at a new shop and they are using that orange stuff, can you stop by, I want to get them started using Mean Green Tough Hand Cleaner.”

….”The owners took the Mean Green Tough Hand Cleaner to their new shop, could you bring us samples while we wait for our order”..

…”As an independent plumber, I never felt my hands were clean. This hand cleaner truly makes them feel clean, and my wife is happy. With a little nail scrubber and some Mean Green I can come to the dinner table without worrying.”

It is without a doubt the best hand cleaner ever!

Testimonial-Mean Green Hand Cleaner

The stuff works great Steve. I’ve been doing some repairs around the apt. and I used it to remove some epoxy sealent that got on my hands, pretty good stuff.
Thanks again,

john

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Source by Steve Kolesar

Which Carpet Washer? Try the Dual V……………..

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If you want trustworthy buying advice then a good place to look is Which? magazine, with its independent reviews of everything from ice-cream makers to burglar alarms. The September 2008 issue focuses on carpet cleaning products with in-depth tests of a number of carpet washers, including the new Vax V-124 Dual V. As one of the highest scoring washers in the tests, the Dual V is recommended as a Which? ‘Best Buy’.

The tests cover sixteen domestic carpet washers that are scored on criteria such as tools and accessories, as well as cleaning and drying performance. According to Which?, their ‘Best Buy’ carpet washers “wash brilliantly and suck up a lot of the water used for cleaning, so your carpets dry quickly.”

Washing carpets effectively then having them dry again within just a few hours is a major advantage of the Dual V, which is one of the first of a new generation of Vax carpet washers with the following technologies:

  • Dual VTM Air Path

Delivers consistent suction across the width of the floor nozzle to suck up more dirty water.

  • Heated Cleaning

Heat generated by the machine assists the cleaning process and speeds up drying time.

  • SpinScrubTM Brushes

Five rotating SpinScrub brushes on the floor head clean deep into the carpet pile to remove embedded dirt. A powered SpinScrub handtool attaches to the hose for the same great cleaning performance on stairs and upholstery.

The result is market leading cleaning and drying performance at a great price, making the Dual V a clear ‘Best Buy’.

Need To Wash Hard Floors Too?

Also in Vax’s new heated cleaning range, the V-125 All Terrain isscored highly in the Which? report, placed fourth out of sixteen. The All Terrain has the same features as the Dual V but also washes hard floors, so is ideal for households with a mixture of floor types.

To ensure peace of mind, both the Dual V and All Terrain have a 6-year parts and labour guarantee and a UK based helpline, with trained Customer Service Advisors available to help 7 days a week. They are widely available through major retailers, but if you don’t want to spend time and money getting to the shops and back, you can buy your new washer online at the Vax website and have it delivered direct to your door – the ultimate in convenience.

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Source by ANOTHER

Reviews And Research On Welding Helmets

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So what are the top welding helmets around? The truth of the matter is that there are a lot of welding helmets that can be used but only a few of those helmets are good quality. There are helmets out there that can cost you around $20 dollars but they will only last you about 2 or 3 months. However, if you research and review other more expensive welding helmets you will come to find that in the long run they are very well worth the price. Here are some of the welding helmets that were reviewed.

Sperian Optrel Satellite Auto Darkening Welding Helmet

This is one of the most versatile helmets on the market and with the push of a button you can do almost anything. You can simply push a button and activate the shade for grinding mode without having to remove your helmet. Depending on your personal preference, you can also change all of the shading procedures. The shade control knob changes settings from 5-9 or 9-13. This helmet is top of the line and will come in handy for almost any type of welding not including laser or plasma welding.

US Forge 88124 Easy Strike Auto Dark Helmet

This helmet is also a little pricey but the rewards are great as it offers lasting features and precise welding. With this helmet your MIG, TIG, and ARC welding will be a breeze as this is what it specializes in. If you want shade control then the US Forge welding helmet offers it to you. Control the shade to the type of welding setting that you are in or the type of job you are doing. The helmet also offers automatic power on and off with a timed delay option that is controlled by you.

As you can see, these are just a few of the many types of welding helmets that are out there. When looking for welding helmets always be sure to choose the ones that will last you a lifetime.

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Source by Luis Eduardo

Amana Heat Pumps – the Global Leader in Heat Pumps

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Amana heat pumps have been a trusted name under the category of heat pumps for many generations. These days, anyone related to the grandeur brand name is undertaking great pride to be a part of it, the history and for the dedicated clientele it owns.

The brand is a paragon of reliability, supreme quality, durability and par excellence performance. No wonder Amana heat pumps and cooling systems have become a household name and integral part of almost every house and business in the United States.

Amana heat pumps are experts in providing cooling as well as heating benefits via a single system. You can easily opt for an optimum system for your home or office as per your specific requirements. This is possible because they have focused on offering a full live of heat pump system to it’s’ clients.

This is not all. The state-of-art line of Amana heat pumps is efficacious in providing you the best warranty protection facilities that is available in the cooling and heating industry.

The brand also has a solution for people who are conscious of energy efficiency savings. They can opt for a heat pump system that is equipped with highest HSPF and SEER ratings.

It would not be wrong to mention that Amana heat pumps are a global reader in the heating and cooling industry. The brand name has been consistently emphasizing on providing super efficient and completely reliable heat pump units to people with a promise of unbelievable quality, supreme comfort and exceptional performance for both home and offices.

It has been more than a century that Amana heat pumps has established itself as the best manufacture for home and office heat pumps.

They are a pure American company and already created a niche for itself as a respected name amongst most of the eminent HVAC organizations across the globe. The readiness to in corporate innovation and reliability has won Amana heat pump, a reputable position in the industry worldwide.

You can easily opt, from a wide range of Amana heat pumps for you home and office. Here are some of the available choices:

  • Amana PHD 13 SEER packaged heat pump: This variety is widely known for its excellent heating providence all year round. You would also get superb cooling comport via these systems. The system features supreme efficiently Copeland scroll compressor. This lets you enjoy a huge cut down on your power bills for a lifetime. The beast part is that the system is fully equipped with sound blankets that promise sound free operation.

  • Amman distinctions CPLT heat pump: This CPLT heat pump comes with an eye catering louvered metal guard that works towards providing best of protection to the coil from a kind of damage and provides strength to the unit. These Amana heat pumps have been specifically designed for ground level. This can be also used for roof top mount. The base pan helps in elevating the whole unit just above the slab to provide the best of water drainage. The heat pump enjoys greater durability and enhanced UV protection.

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Source by David Karlson

Locating and Fixing Leaks

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Leaking joints or leaking pipes are the common plumbing problems which you can solve yourself.

Locating the Leak

Before you start to look out for solution, first locate the leak – the source of problem. It is always the leak where you see a puddle of water or dripping off water. It may be somewhere high in the plumbing configuration. For instance leak may be present in the drainpipe of the overhead sink and you get a puddle in the basement. To locate the leak, try to hear the sound of water to reach the source. A listen device may help you here as it amplifies the sound. If the water is dripping from the ceiling or staining it, the source of leakage is above it. If you see a stained wall, then leakage is there in the section of the pipe. Sometimes it becomes difficult to trace the leak if there is no stain or dripping of water.

Fixing the Leak

After you have located the leak, turn off the water supply immediately, which is most important in case of major leakage. You can do it either at the main shut-off valve or the fixture shut-off valve. Now you may need to replace the damaged portion of the pipe. The chance is you may not be that experienced at plumbing job, so in that case, you need to call a plumber to do this. But until the pipe gets replaced, you can use temporary solution to stop small leaks. Remember, these solutions are for small leaks only.

Tighten the joint if the leak is at a joint. To temporarily stop the leakage, you can go for a pipe patch. You may purchase a patch kit for plumbing leaks from a hardware store. You can also make one at home using a piece of heavy rubber and hose clamp. You can also use a rubber pad and two plates which can be bolt together. Just place the piece of rubber over the leak in the pipe and tighten it placing metal plates over it. These metal plates compress the rubber. If the pipe is otherwise sound, this method can solve this leakage problem for long.

Another efficient but temporary solution is wrapping the waterproof tape over the leaking spot or you can close the leaking hole by rubbing the special compound. Other alternatives are inserting a self-tapping plug or applying epoxy tape. Before applying all these methods to fix the leaks, just make sure that pipe is dry.

For major leaks, only replacement of a pipe is the right solution. And it would be better if you don’t try to do it yourself.

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Source by Jo Harris

Advantages of Laser Welding

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In recent years, the use of laser beams in welding has steadily increased due to continuous demand for precised steel products in construction and other industrial purposes. Due to many of its advantages, the technology of laser welding is being used in a wide variety of applications in the metal fabrication industry. Many welding experts are now recognizing how efficient laser welding is when it comes to producing better quality fabricated metal products at better productivity and much lower cost.

One of the main advantages of laser welding is its versatility. It is applicable for combining welding steel structures or miniature electronic materials in excess of 1 inch thick. Laser beams are not used only for cutting thick steel plate, they are also capable of cutting other pieces of metal, from structural metal, pipe steels to aerospace components, with magnificent power ranging from hundreds of watts to 60 kilowatts. In fact, weld lines can be as narrow as 0.1mm (0.004 inch).

A typical laser welding equipment consists of a laser beam generator, beam-directing optics to transfer the beam to the work and focus it to the needed spot size and power density. It also has a workstation that normally contains a workpiece handling machine that may either feature automatic or manual loading and unloading. The sophistication of laser welding technology allows stainless steel, ferrous metals and even alloys to be joined themselves or each other.

Another advantage of fabricating metal with a laser is the capacity to engrave and cut at the same time. This means that better productivity, welding speed and accuracy in fabrication are achieved. Laser beams can also produce good-looking welds without post-processing. Many laser welding machines these days have the ability to create welds that are full penetrating and with improved material strength without undergoing any finishing operations.

Moreover, laser welding creates a low heat affected zone, hence causes minimal welding distortion in the metal. It is even safer than other forms of mechanical cutting such as router cut signs or saw cut signage. Working with laser beams doesn’t require physical contact and there’s no unsafe cutting edge which can become contaminated by the metal.

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Source by Andrei Smith

Caring for Your Outback Bbq Grill

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Most barbecue grills come assembled, but in order to clean it, you need to know how to dismantle just the grill, and make sure that the grill has already cooled down before you handle it.

You’ll need cleaning materials to wipe the grills with. Using a simple washcloth and some mild dishwashing soap, carefully clean off the residue left from grilling food over the Outback BBQ grill. Since most Outback BBQ grills are made of cast iron grills, use a brush that works for stainless steel grill bars, and a brass brush for porcelain coated grills. Using the right brush will effectively clean your Outback BBQ grill to ensure that there are no left over food from cooking. Cleaning the grills will prepare your Outback BBQ grill for the next use. After cleaning, use a thin coating of oil to grease the grill and keep it from developing any rusts and stains.

Over the years, people have developed different methods in cleaning their barbecue grills. You may use baking soda which is also a cleaning ingredient that you can find around your house, cooking oil, aluminium foil to wipe the surfaces and the grills, and newspaper which is also used to clean glass and porcelain surfaces. With Outback BBQ grills, you can also do these just in case you really want to preserve the quality of the grill and its accessories. It is recommended, however, to clean the grill regularly, especially every after use, so that you can prevent it from wearing out or spoiling the food you cook with your Outback BBQ griller.

If you are using a charcoal BBQ or gas BBQ grills, you may use newspapers to clean the grills. What some grill-owners do is to wet a piece of newspaper and put it on top of the grill after it has cooled off a bit, and put the rack lid down on it and wait for an hour. The paper from the newspaper will absorb any grease or grime left from the previous use.

Besides cleaning your Outback BBQ grill and accessories, you also have to regularly check on the condition of the burners. Whether you are using a charcoal BBQ grill or a gas BBQ grill, you need to disconnect the gas connection before handling the burner. Make sure that your grill is cool before removing it, then remove the lava rock as well. At the bottom you will find the burner and look to see if it has already become rusty. Rusty burners tend to decrease the quality of your Outback BBQ griller. You need to replace your rusted burner when you find that it has already worn out. Also, you should check that all light switches or electric switches are turning on as fast as they have when you first bought the barbecue grill. Otherwise, have them repaired by a professional electrical plumber.

Caring for your Outback BBQ griller will keep your grill working for a very long period of time. Considering that it has a 10-year warranty, take advantage of this privilege and become a diligent owner by regularly cleaning, checking your barbecue grill, and watching out for repairs.

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Source by Muneeb Ahmed

Different Styles Toilet Seats

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Understanding it is not often that we as a people stop to ponder the developments and technology that has happened to the world of toilet seats in the past few years, it might be interesting to do so. We really have come a long way in a few short years if we think that it was our grandparents that was the ones using a outhouse. Now we have a wide choice of styles, colors and designs to choose from, along with a few new electronic devices that has really moved the toilet seat into the modern era.

When the indoor bathrooms was developed, there was little choice. Today we do have a few different designs to pick from. The earliest style was the basic round toilet seat. Later the elongated toilet seat gave us something to consider. It of course looks better if the seat fits the type of toilet. The most inexpensive and the most basic type of the seat would be the plastic toilet seat. There is of curse upgrades for the seats. The soft toilet seats can be purchased with a various amount of filling to provide a soft cushion for the user. The raised toilet seat is designed to help some of the handicapped. It is hard for someone with lower back or leg problems to raised and lower their selves. The raised seat can help to ease some of the stress.

But the one area that has really changed is the place where modern technology has met the toilet seat. The heated toilet seat is one example of this. It is able in a room with an average temperature of around seventy degrees to keep the toilet seat twenty to twenty five degrees warmer. The manufactures have used great technology to make it safe for the electronics to be used so close to the water. And the design allows for most people to be able to install this product with out the need of a licensed plumber. But this was really just the beginning of where plumbing and electronics meet. The bidet toilet seat is now available for our use. Now we do not have to even clean ourselves. A bidet toilet seat that not only does the cleaning but also helps to save the forest and trees.

The toilet seats are pretty simple to change out so you can upgrade or even change the color of the seats. Using the toilet seat hinges you can add one of the electronic marvels of the plumbing industry or you can change from the regular white toilet seat to the bold look of the black toilet seat. Even a blue or pink toilet seat is available.

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Source by Debra Atkins

Proper Welding Attire

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Welding is a hazardous activity that poses safety and health risks if precautionary measures are not followed. One effective way of preventing accidents when working with welded materials is by wearing the proper welding attire.

For safety reasons, all welders must give utmost attention to protecting themselves. Welding, in the first place, is a serious undertaking. Anyone who works with metal is constantly exposed to serious hazards such as, among others, radiation, air contamination, fire and explosion and many others.

Welding or metal fabricating creates flying sparks and chipped slag, and emits intense visible light and invisible rays. To protect your eyes and skin from burns and other possible hazards, wear heat and flame-resistant attire. Helmet is one of the most important safety accessories to protect the eyes and head from different intensities of arc rays.

Most welding experts recommend the use of auto-darkening helmets due to its versatility. This type of welding helmet can be used to different welding processes such as MIG, Stick or TIG. Before you purchase one, check if it has the safety and protection compliance from the American National Standards Institute (ANSI).

When working with metal, don’t forget to button pockets and cuffs to avoid them from catching fire and sparks. Refrain from wearing shorts and t-shirts with short sleeves and open collars. These clothes are uncomfortable to wear and will leave you very susceptible to burns caused by sparks and arc rays.

As regards to welding footwear, the most recommended shoes and boots for welding are those that are made of high quality leather for they can withstand open flames and radiant heat without shrinking. Never wear cloth and synthetic shoes because they can easily catch a spark and smolder unnoticed. Their components can also abruptly melt and stick to your skin.

Wearing the proper gloves is also necessary when handling welded metals. Flame-resistant gloves will protect you from burns, sparks and heat from the workpiece. Always bear in mind that even a fast tack weld necessitates the use of a helmet and appropriate welding attire.

In order to prevent eye irritation caused by repeated exposure to radiation and intense rays, wearing safety glasses is also advised. Welder’s glasses and helmets these days usually come in different degrees of darkness depending on the welding job. This feature allows you to adjust shade setting to provide the most needed vision protection.

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Source by Andrei Smith

Boiler Installation: What Are My Options?

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When people buy a new boiler for their home, most of the times, they do not have much knowledge about the type of boiler and its installation. They mostly rely on the advice given by the boiler installers. A boiler is a major investment and also affects the lifetime fuel costs. When you are getting an old boiler replaced and a new boiler installed, you must get first hand information about the boilers. It helps you make the right choice for your home. Nowadays, householders can get a boiler installed which is fuel efficient and cost effective.

Let us learn about few important factors to be considered while getting a boiler installed in your home.

Considering the types of Boilers:

When you search about boilers, you will find out there are numerous types of boilers available in the market. You can choose from the main three kinds of the boilers namely regular, system and condensing. Out of these, condensing type of boilers are the most commonly installed. All the types have their own installation specifications, space requirements and particular type of plumbing. Various power options required for various types of boilers should match the requirements of your home environment. It is very crucial point, as if it is mismatched, it will increase the fuel costs in the long run.

Boiler Efficiency

Energy efficiency of a boiler is a major consideration. Manufacturers publish relative boiler efficiencies after testing them. If your old boiler is only 50% efficient and a new condensing boiler is giving you efficiency of above 90%, then yearly energy saving is huge.

Do not ignore Boiler Regulations

Boiler installation is regulated by various government regulations. Condensing boilers are the best when going for replacement. Gas Safe trained installers are the best people for the task. While installing, do not forget to check ventilation and see that flue is appropriately installed.

Get quotations

When you decide to buy a boiler, get quotes of various boilers. Compare their heating capacity, energy efficiency and needs of your home. Check the credentials of the installer and get a quote from him after he is thoroughly checked.

How to choose installer and supplier

Remember that deciding to perform serious works on your gas installation, which a boiler installation is, be sure that your installer is Gas Safe registered. This is a guarantee of safety for you and your family.

http://www.plumber-mayfair.co.uk

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Source by Jo Harris

Discover Swimming Pool Safety Tips And Techniques

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The swimming pool safety is a major determining factor in building a pool. Besides learning how to swim, and having someone who oversee people in the pool, it is equally important to have safety equipment installed within the pool area.

Relative to people’s needs and preferences, there is a wide selection of pool safety equipment. The pool fence is the major one. The ideal pool fencing height is four feet. It should also be free from hand and foot holds. Having a tall safety fence can prevent the kids from getting into pool area.

The pool fence must have a self-closing gate with automatic latch. If there are vertical slats, they should be four inches on center to make it impossible for kids to squeeze their heads through them. All swimming pool safety fences come in different style to fit the pool’s surroundings. Just make sure that it can hold a lock on its top portion so that the kids cannot reach it.

The pool fencing alone is not sufficient if the pools are located in the backyard. Houses that have doors leading into the pool area must have locks and pool alarms. Pool alarms come in different types and styles.

There are perimeter pool alarm projection beams, which are installed at the walls of the pool. This pool alarm gives off a sound, when people pass through it. The surface pool alarm is mounted to monitor any movements in the water.

Swimming pool safety alarms do not guarantee 100% security, since children can walk down the pool steps and not cause a water disturbance. The only alarm that can provide safety to children is a personal alarm. It is worn on a child’s wrist and produces sound whenever the child comes into contact with water from a pool or bathtub.

Reaching poles are another type of safety equipment. Depending on the size of the pool, reaching poles must be installed at regular intervals so swimmers can reach then when they need them.

Some households put safety ropes or lines as part of their swimming pool for safety measures. The function of safety lines is to draw a boundary to warn swimmers not to go beyond a certain point. The safety ropes come with floatable objects to keep them above the water. They are securely hooked at the edges of the pool.

Pool covers are also important safety equipment, and they are used to cover the pool’s surface. They are tightly harnessed across the pool, to prevent children from crawling under it. To choose the right pool cover, select the one that can hold the maximum weight capacity of two persons.

If there are children in the household, it is a good idea to have life jackets and ring buoys next to the pool. Get the lifejackets and ring buoys approved by the Coast Guard.

The first aid kits complete the swimming pool safety device. They should be constantly replenished. Anything that has expiration date should be replaced when it expires.

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Source by Rss41

Add Value to Your Home: Refurbish Your Kitchen or Bathroom

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TV’s Phil Spencer has recently been urging homeowners to “do everything they can” to improve the saleability of their properties saying that improvements to kitchens and bathrooms are among the best ways of selling houses.

A recent Lloyds TSB Tickbox.net and Opinion Matters survey found that 73% of people in Greater London claim that installing a new kitchen is the best way of adding value to a property.
  
The Lloyds TSB poll showed that a high percentage of people thought that an energy efficient boiler was the environmentally friendly home improvement that added most value to a property.

In a Telegraph feature earlier in 2008, ’50 ways to improve your home’, upgrading your existing kitchen was at number 19 whilst ‘banishing broken bathrooms’ came in at number 20.

There are many things that can be done to improve the saleability of your home and increase its value where kitchens and bathrooms are concerned. Here are just a few ideas:

  1. Fit a spacious walk in shower – far more convenient and practical than an over-bath shower.
  2. Install under floor heating in a bathroom – this will remove the need for unsightly radiators thus saving space and creating a far more seamless design. What’s more, under floor heating is far healthier as the heat is more evenly distributed throughout the room rather than staying at head height, and it also keeps nasty things like mould and damp at bay.
  3. Update your kitchen so that it includes built in modern conveniences – this will really make an impact on potential buyers because it’s a job they won’t have to do themselves.
  4. A modern eco friendly condensing boiler will help tip the scales in your favour when selling a property because potential buyers will be able to enjoy the benefits of reduced fuel bills and increased energy efficiency.
  5. Consider the installation of a solar hot water heating system which will offer considerable savings on fuel bills for your potential buyers.
  6. If space allows, add a downstairs cloakroom. Modern WCs and basins come in the most compact of sizes and it is relatively straightforward to liberate some space and transform it into a very convenient feature.
  7. If your bathroom does not need a complete overhaul but could do with a little ‘something’ then go for some new taps. Choosing attractive taps from a high quality range will miraculously transform the look of any bathroom, and it should be a relatively low cost exercise in terms of your potential return.

If you are looking to improve the saleability of your property then a good place to start is by talking to your plumber who will be able to give you sound advice on your heating system options and energy efficiency for starters. A good plumber will work with reputable kitchen fitters and other professional craftsmen to provide a complete service and overall they will be able to provide you with space-saving and energy efficient solutions.

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Source by Ivor Bates

Roof gutter maintenance necessary

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Roof gutters carry rain water and melted snow off the roof without causing streaks and stains on outside shingles or siding; they prevent flooding of basements; they eliminate severe washouts of foundation plantings and nearby lawn areas.

As water pours off the roof it runs along the gutter until it flows through the downspouts and vertical leader pipes. If the system is properly set up, the water is disposed of through underground pipes to a dry well, or emptied onto splash pans or other devices that disperse the water over the ground several feet away from the foundation of the house.

Gutters perform these functions only if they are clean and in good repair. That is why they should be inspected at least twice a year – once in the early spring and again late in the fall. This is especially true in wooded areas.

To climb up and inspect them, you will need an extension ladder tall enough to reach at least 12 inches above the rim of the gutter. Pick a dry day with little or no w To remove leaves from inside the gutters use an old paintbrush at least 3 inches wide, or an old whisk broom to sweep them into a heap, then scoop them out with a garden trowel. You can also do the job with a long-hosed shop vacuum (extension hoses are available at hardware stores) – long enough so you can leave the vacuum on the ground while you carry the end of the hose up with you. Do not wash the leaves down into the vertical downspouts, because this could cause them to clog.

If downspouts or vertical leader pipes are blocked, try to clear them by poking a long plumber’s snake or drain auger through them. If possible, work the snake into the downspout from the bottom up; this will minimize the likelihood of packing in the blockage more firmly. If the bottom end of the vertical leader is attached to a pipe that goes underground, try to separate one of the joints above this to get at the clog.

Where leaves and other windblown debris are a frequent problem, it’s best to protect the gutters by either pushing a wire leaf catcher into each downspout opening, or by installing mesh gutter guards that cover the entire length of each gutter.

Mesh-type gutter guards are far more effective. Made in metal and plastic, they come in long strips that are a little wider than the gutter. Most are designed so the inside edge slides up under the bottom row of roof shingles. On some, the outside edge is secured to the outside rim of the gutter with clips or brackets that snap on; on others the outer edge of the mesh slips inside or under the rim of the gutter.

It is a good idea to check for loose or sagging sections that keep gutters from draining properly or that cause them to overflow in heavy rain. Gutters should slope slightly toward the downspout opening – a minimum of 1 inch for each 10 feet of length. On very long runs, the gutter may slope in two directions from the center, toward a downspout at each end of the run.

You can ascertain that gutters are sloping properly by running water into them with a garden hose. Direct the stream up onto the roof, then watch the water as it runs off. The gutters should drain quickly and there should be no sections where pools collect; if there are, it could be that one or more hanger brackets is loose or missing, or because brackets have been bent out of shape.

One type bracket clips on over the outside of the gutter and has a strap nailed up under the roof shingles.

Another type of gutter support consists of a heavy spike that goes through the gutter rim, through a metal tube or ferrule inside the gutter, then through the back of the gutter into the facia board behind the gutter. Sometimes these spikes work loose or bend downward. If this is the case, remove it completely and install a new one a few inches to either side of the original one. Fill the remaining holes with caulking compound.

Leaky seams and joints in metal or plastic gutters can be repaired by sealing with silicone-rubber caulking compound. If possible, take the joint apart and apply the compound inside the seam before reassembling. Where this is impractical, clean the surfaces thoroughly, then apply a liberal coat of the silicone on the inside of the gutter. Force the compound down into the seam, then smooth it to eliminate ridges that might interfere with water flowing past.

Rusted sections in metal gutters, and rotted sections in wood gutters should also be repaired from the inside. Clean the surfaces first, then apply a heavy coat of asphalt roofing cement. Over this press a sheet of heavyweight aluminum kitchen foil, then spread another coat of the same roof cement over the foil, carrying it out past the edges of the foil to cover it completely. Smooth the cement with a small trowel to avoid creating a ridge that could interfere with smooth drainage of water.

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Source by Amix

Convert An Ordinary Bathtub Into A Whirlpool Bathtub

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The effect of hydrotherapy in easing various minor body pains is well known and accepted.

Many people go to the trouble of regularly visiting spas because of the reinvigorated feeling after just a 10 minute session. In hydrotherapy, the buoyancy of the swirling water, the water temperature and the pressurized water from the jets combine to ease the tired muscles and body pains.

Xaviera Arata Editor of the  Hot Tubs For Sale  website — http://www.HotTubsForSale.me — pointed out;

“…Making time to visit spas is an admirable health habit but there are people who for various reasons just don’t have the time. Some good advice to get the benefits of a whirlpool spa is to convert the ordinary bath tub at home into a whirlpool bathtub…” Added Xaviera Arata

This would be very convenient for the users since there shall be no need to go out and visit a spa.

Before buying the needed parts and accessories to convert the ordinary bath tub into a whirlpool spa, make sure to check that there is no need to move the bath tub from its present spot. Take measurements to be sure that there will be enough space.

There are whirlpool jet systems for any bath tub, like fiberglass, acrylic, marble, even steel or cast iron.

A whirlpool bath tub has a motorized circulation system where air and water are sprayed through four to eight jets for an active massaging action. To convert the ordinary tub to a whirlpool bath tub, the appropriate capacity of a water pump and hydro jets must be added. The tools and parts needed to convert an ordinary bathtub into a whirlpool bath tub are available at many retailers and can be done by the bath tub owner.

Another accessory to be added is the water heater, to maintain the water temperature to be ready to use at any time needed. The warmth of the water is a major factor in the healing effects of the whirlpool.

There are accessory retailers who sells a complete set. An advantage is that there is less confusion since all the needed parts are picked out as part of a kit.  A disadvantage is that the bath tub owner may pay for parts that they already have.

“…The conversion of an ordinary bathtub into a whirlpool spa is worth serious consideration since it is to the benefit of the owner to regularly avail of the healing effects of a whirlpool spa…” Added Xaviera Arata

Further information, resources and unbiased reviews of the best hot tubs for sale by clicking: http://www.HotTubsForSale.me

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Source by Xaviera Arata

Choosing a Towel Warmer for your Bathroom

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Heated towel rails are the modern equivalent of creating a focal point in a bathroom. They are both practical and stylish, offering a place to store and warm your towels, as well as creating a design feature for your bathroom. Designs derive from sleek polished chrome with sweeping curves, sharp geometric lines or three dimensional models and blend together creativity with exceptional design.
Towel warmers, or radiators, are available in a variety of styles to suit your bathroom styling. Gone are the days where a towel warmer is a standard, boring necessity in your bathroom, and here are a range of modish radiators which will add an element of class to your bathroom. Due to the increased surface area a heated towel rail creates over a conventional radiator, they are also more efficient and environmentally friendly.
Hudson Reed are the leading manufacturer of brassware and have a huge range of high quality items, ensuring that your bathroom products are a real investment for the future and built to last. Plus, there is no reason why if you move house you cannot take your beautiful towel warmers with you, to form a chic addition to your new bathroom. Their broad selection of contemporary heated towel rails unites style and striking modern designs to complement your individual flare and make a unique statement about your bathroom d?r.
The selection of designer towel warmers from Hudson Reed are the epitome of modern elegance. They have innovative styling that creates a statement in its own right, whilst retaining efficiency and functionality. Their designer towel rails come in a variety of sizes and shapes to suit every taste and preference, and will turn your bathroom in to a luxuriously warm environment. Models include tube on tube, circular, grid and flat construction. To fit your designer Hudson Reed towel rail, their minimalist radiator valves offer a discreet solution and are supplied in pairs.
At the other end of the scale, Hudson Reed Traditional Towel Warmers are full of the ambience of yesteryear. Their fabrication will highlight and be sympathetic to other traditional features in your bathroom, creating a habitual haven with undertones of contemporary features. Most towel warmers in their range are available in either chrome or gold, allowing you to match them to other brassware in your bathroom. To fit your traditionally-styled radiator, Hudson Reed have traditional radiator valves, supplied in pairs to tie in with the design elements of the heated rail.
Bathroom radiators’ power is measured in BTU. BTU is the standard means of measuring output powers in a heated towel rail, and stands for British Thermal Units. Radiators are also shown in watts, the conversion of one to another equates to 1 BTU measuring 3.412 watts. For more information on the best BTU for your bathroom, consider the size of the room to heat, a smaller room will require a smaller BTU, or consult your plumber for advice.
When updating the heated towel rail in your bathroom, it is important to replace the valves also, and ensure that they match the design, colour and fitting of your new radiator. Valves, like taps, are available with different designs of handles, which can be chosen to mimic the design of your taps and shower handles. They are also available in either a straight or angled fitting, which will dependant on the style of radiator that you choose. Also, radiator valves are available in wither a traditional on/off mechanism, or a thermostatic one, which allows you to choose the level of heat emitting from them, and can be altered in accordance with your central heating system and seasonal changes.
Heated towel rails can also create a means of securing other radiators in your house from thermostatic inefficiencies and costly surges. If you choose a radiator without a thermostatic valve, if the heating system malfunctions, this can create a means of venting any excess heat created by your boiler, thus preventing other radiators in your house from malfunctioning and generating expensive bills.
A towel warmer or radiator should always be ideally fitted on the coldest wall of your bathroom, often the one with the window on. This will depend on other existing fixtures in your bathroom, but a window or external wall is optimum. By fitting to the coldest wall you will increase the efficiency of the radiator, as heat will emanate equally throughout the room.
When you have chosen your beautiful addition to your bathroom with a new towel warmer, you will desire for it to retain its original appearance. To care for the outer surface of your new radiator, never use any corrosive or hazardous products, such as aerosols on the surface or in close proximity of the radiator. The radiator should only be cleaned with warm soapy water and a soft, non-abrasive cloth. This will ensure the longevity of your bathroom radiator.

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Source by Wd Bathrooms

What Types of Clamps Should I Have in My Woodshop?

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A woodworker can never have too many clamps in his shop. It is one of the few tools you need that do not require power and act as machines that generally make your manual work a lot easier. Unlike an extra pair of human hands, clamps don’t fidget, complain or wobble about and provide greater clamping force.

If you’re a beginner in the woodworking industry, you might want to consider buying from the list below. Also, you don’t need to get them all at once. Just work through the list and purchase those you feel work best for you and suit your budget.

Don’t go to one shop and make your purchase immediately. Shopping for clamps can be a tedious experience where you will need to look online and in your neighbourhood for the best deals and quality.

– A collection of C-clamps. Buy those 4-inches and above. Don’t waste time buying the tiny ones.
– A pair of Quick Grip clamps similar to the Irwin Quick Grip clamp. They work better than the old-fashioned screw bar clamp.
– A pair of pipe clamps, or more. I recommend buying a 4-inch pair, before you move on to various lengths.
– A pair of Vice Grip C-clamps
– Some band clamps. They use nylon bands that tighten with a ratcheting device, which is great for clamping together irregular-shaped pieces.
– You will need corner clamps for holding together 90-degree joints. I use these to hold picture frames together to cabinet carcasses.
– An assortment of large spring clamps
– Corner bar clamps which you can get at Bessey, used to compress stock and clamp two pieces to a 90-degree corner.

Find out more about woodwork clamps here

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Source by Gerald Battaglia

How To Fix A Hedge Trimmer That Is Jammed

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The likelihood of your hedge trimmer becoming jammed is actually very high, especially if you are trying to force the machine to perform a job that is too much for it to handle. It does not matter whether you are using a petrol or an electric powered trimmer – if you are using it incorrectly, the blades become obscured or you have let them grow dull, your machine can easily jam up. If this happens to you during your garden maintenance, however, you will be pleased to know that there is a way to rectify the problem.

To prevent your hedge trimmer from accidentally turning on whilst you are trying to unjam it, you will need to remove its power source. For a petrol powered model, remove the spark plug; for an electric powered one, unplug it or remove the battery. Then, you can carefully examine the blades to determine how they became jammed. If there is any branches or leaves stuck in the blades, snap them off or use a pair of pruning shears to cut them away.

If there is a large amount of debris caught between the blade’s teeth, you will need to lay the trimmer on a flat surface. You should be able to push an old piece of dowel through the teeth to dislodge any wood or leaves that have managed to jam themselves in. Make sure that you wear thick gloves, as the teeth will be very sharp and may cut you.

Sometimes, damaged blades can cause a hedge trimmer to become constantly jammed. Check whether the blades are cracked or whether the teeth have been bent out of shape. If either of these problems is present, the blades will need to be replaced in order to stop them jamming. If you do not notice any damage, but feel that the teeth are fairly dull, you could also try sharpening them to see if this rectifies the problem.

Once you have successfully unjammed your hedge trimmers, you will want to prevent the same problem from arising again. You can do this by sharpening or replacing the blades regularly and washing them with soap and water after every use. If sap build-up is a problem for your trimmer, make sure that you remove it after every use by using a resin remover.

There are times, however, when your hedge trimmer will become stuck in a particularly stubborn patch of branches and leaves, no matter how well maintained the blades are. If this happens, avoid twisting the trimmer to try and pull it out, as this can cause the blades to crack and the teeth to bend. Instead, try using some pruning shears to cut the growth back and, applying only a little power at a time, try powering the trimmer out.

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Source by Anne Mehla

Replace Your Own Bathtub Drain

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Just because you have never done any plumbing before, do not automatically assume that you cannot. Replacing a drain is a really good project for a novice plumber. So when your bathtub drain starts leaking instead of calling a plumber, you can try making the repair yourself. If you are at all handy around the house, you can easily replace your drain. You may find that you enjoy plumbing, not to mention that you will save a nice little chunk of money as well.

Preparations for Replacing the Drain

Whenever you are working in sinks and bathtubs it is a good idea to put something like a towel or a drop cloth in the tub to protect it from getting scratched by any tools. It is simply too easy to drop a tool while you are working, and it is easier to prevent a chip than it is to repair a chip. Then you will want to get your tools together like a screwdriver, pair of pliers, wrench and anything else that you think you may need. You also want to have a stack of rags and towels close by.

Types of Bathroom Drains and How to Remove Them

There are several different types of bathtub drains. So depending on which type you have the process will be a little different. One common type of drain is the trip lever style stopper. There are two different types; one with a plunger and one that is a pop up. If your drain has a plunger, when you move the lever a plug down in the pipe engages. All you need to do to remove this drain is unscrew the faceplate and pull the whole drain out. If you can tell that the stopper is bad, you can probably get away with just replacing the stopper. Then reinsert the mechanism and screw it in place.

With the pop up style of drain, before doing anything you need to adjust the lever. Make sure that the stopper is at the highest level, and then remove the stopper. To do this pull it straight out or twist and lift.

Some drains do not have a lever. With a roller ball or foot lock style drain all you have to do is turn it counterclockwise and pull. There are some drains that need to have a set of screws loosened before they will come out, so always check for this first.

Remove the Strainer

When you look into the drain you should see crossbars. If they are in the flange, then you can use pliers to remove the drain. Simply use the pliers to turn the drain counterclockwise and unscrew it with your screwdriver.

If there are no crossbars, then you need a special tool that fits into the flange to spread and tighten against the wall of the drain. Then you can turn the flange counterclockwise and remove it.

Reassemble

After pulling everything out, the hard part is done. Now you need to wash any fixtures that you are going to reuse. Vinegar and baking soda makes a good cleaning solution. Put some plumbers putty underneath the strainer lip before screwing it back into place. This will make a waterproof seal for your drain. Put all of the parts of the drain back in the reverse order that you removed them and your project is complete.

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Source by Aja Klenna

Personal Scandal?

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To me, the idea of somebody being “personal” to somebody else implies in some way a type of “bribe”. For one could say I am being “personal” to a friend of mine who happens to be competing for a contract by giving it to him simply for that reason. In other words, my choosing this friend has less to do with him being the best contractor and more to do with the fact that he is my friend. Hence, my “personal” response to him is essentially a “bribe”. Now if it just so happens my friend is the best contractor for the job and as a result I choose him, it is not a “bribe” as it were nor is it “personal” in any way. It is simply on account of him being the best contractor for the job!

With this insight then, the idea of a “personal” interaction between God and individual seems almost scandalous or at least highly suspect. It is quite interesting to apply this same principal to the contempt society seems to harbor toward politicians that do this same thing. But if politicians are criticized for engaging in these kinds of personal favors (aka bribes), why is it us “average Joes” are not criticized for doing the same thing*? For instance, many favor doing business only with those that represent groups they identify with and/or support. “I need a plumber! Does anyone know of a good Christian plumber?” If one is to avoid the implicit bribery and scandal inherent in this type of decision making, he should choose the best plumber regardless of his religious persuasion or lack thereof. Otherwise, this decision is but a personal favor (aka a bribe).

*Presumably many will claim that politicians are called to a higher standard than us “average Joes”! But then how would we determine the “threshold” at which this kind of “personal bribery” goes from something that is 1) simply expected and perhaps even respected to something that is 2) downright sleazy and scandalous?

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Source by Kurt Schaal

What can you do to unclog a toilet?

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The task of going near a toilet with the intention of unclogging it is not a particularly appealing one. However, this is something you will need to attempt yourself, particularly if you do not wish to pay for a plumber to come and fix the problem. We all know that we wish to keep that option as the last resort.  On the more positive side of things, we know that unclogging a toilet does not require expertise skill which makes your task much easier. The same cannot be said for other areas of plumbing which require complex handling skills.  

Before you rush into things it is best to first establish what is actually causing the clog. You may be guilty of repeatedly disposing items in the toilet that cannot be easily flushed such as baby wipes or cotton wool. In these cases you will most likely need to use the plunger. You should note that toilet paper is designed specifically so that it can be flushed easily; the same cannot be said of other items. So for future notice, do not attempt to flush away items that are non-flushable.  

If on the other hand, you hear bubbling in the tub, then chances are that your sewer line is clogged. You should try turning on the bathroom sink if you hear bubbling. If this makes matters worse, then it is very likely that you will need to call a plumber, as plunging alone will not suffice.

In order to commence plunging, you first need to ensure that there is a sufficient amount of water in the toilet. This will work in pushing the clog all the way out of the drain. You should plunge up and down several times so the plunger fills with water. You may have to repeat this process quite a few times to solve the blockage problem.

The key to all this is to insert a little aggression in the plunging. This will work to force the water in the plunger through the waste outlet of the toilet , dislodging the blockage in the process. You may splash a little water outside the bowl, however you can avoid this messy business by not filling up with too much water.

If you have gone through all of this and still find yourself gazing in frustration at your toilet having not resolved the clog problem do not worry. For there is an alternative. The alternative being the snake (or otherwise known as the auger). The snake is quite simple to use once you get to grips with it.  All you have to do is expand the handle until it is all the way out, then insert the functional end into the outlet of the toilet bowl, and crank it down into the bowl, making sure the cable goes into the drain.

Once the bowl has been drained, you should then flush the toilet pulling the cable up at the same time. This is so that the cable can be cleaned.   It is strongly advised that you  flush the toilet a good number of times before you put the snake away.

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Source by Tal Potishman

Drain Clearing

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Dr. DRiP- The blocked drain specialist!

Dr. DRiP uses new technology and quality equipments to effectively clear the storm water blockages, blocked toilets or clearing sewer. Using such latest technology, the unnecessary expense of digging and blockages removing stops. The latest technology that includes regular maintenance using high pressure water blasters can tackle the most severe tree root blockages. Blocked Drain cleaning equipments are designed in such a way that will not damage your sewer lines.

Your drain is blocked and needs to be cleared and if it is full of sewerage then a drain camera cannot be used to access the condition of the pipe. So your plumber has a option to put his equipment down the drain in good faith and the blockage can be cleared. The advent of Drain cameras have been used to take all of the guess work out of cleaning your blockages.

Following are some of the technology we use:

Electric EEL

A coiled metal cable is fed into the sewer and/or storm water line, which rotates to cut root growth and release sludge and debris clearing the line. This is not a guaranteed method of completely clearing your line but will clear all the blockages.

High Pressure Water Jet Cleaner

A high pressure of water is transmitted to the sewer and/or storm water line using varied pressure cutting heads, which breaks up the sludge and debris and flushes out the line clearing it completely. This is a guaranteed technique to clear your line.

Drain Camera

A drain camera guess work out of sewer and/or storm water repairs. While clearing a stubborn line with a high pressure water jet cleaner technique, a drain camera can be used to find the source of the problem.

Our plumber has a gentle approach to free a clog from a drain. Call your blocked drain specialist TODAY!

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Source by Andrew Smith

Shower or Sink Constantly Clogged? Quick Fixes Without the Help of Draino

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Nobody likes a clogged drain. You can unclog a drain without resorting to pouring bottles of harsh chemicals down the pipes. There are some everyday household products you can use to try to unclog a drain. When that doesn’t work, you can play do-it-yourself plumber and try to unclog your own sink. Stopping clogs before they start or return is another way to keep your sink and shower drains from clogging.

Natural Approaches to Unclogging Drains

If water is backing up when you try to drain the sink or tub, the clog may be close by. A clog near the drain may be removed by using everyday household products.

Instead of pouring chemicals down the sink or into the bathtub to dislodge the clog, try using a quarter cup of white vinegar. Let the vinegar sit in the drain for about half an hour and then flush it out with hot water. Use a plunger in conjunction with the vinegar to coax the clog out of place.

Another option is to use a baking soda and vinegar solution. The baking soda will add a clean smell, which helps when the clog is stinky.

Do-It-Yourself Plumber

For a sink clog, you can try to play do-it-yourself plumber. Remove the drain cover or drain plug and clean it off. Hair and other objects may have accumulated.

Get a bucket or large bowl. Go under the sink and remove the part of the drain which is under the sink, which is called the trap. A wrench may be needed. Loosen the pieces until you can remove the trap. Look for any visible clogs in the remaining pipes. Use a long wire to poke around and move any clog. Clean out the trap and put it back.

If you cannot unclog a drain or have a bathtub clog, consider calling a plumber.

Stop Clogs Before They Start

Preventive action can help stop drains from clogging. Women with medium to long hair can brush their hair before taking a shower or bath to reduce the amount of loose hair that falls into the drain. Minimizing the use of super thick conditioners and hair dye at home can also help minimize drain clogs.

Purchase a small shower drain catcher if you have an old bathtub which uses an external drain plug. There are also external drain covers for standing showers. These covers can catch hair, paper from toiletry labels and any other objects which don’t belong in the drain.

Fix a broken sink drain or replace a missing one to keep objects from going in the drain. Keeping it clear of debris will keep it from going down the drain.

Pam Gaulin is a writer for Yodle, a business directory and online advertising company. Find a <a rel=”nofollow” onclick=”javascript:ga(‘send’, ‘pageview’, ‘/outgoing/article_exit_link/1169452’);” href=”http://www.local.yodle.com/articles”> plumber</a> or more <a rel=”nofollow” onclick=”javascript:ga(‘send’, ‘pageview’, ‘/outgoing/article_exit_link/1169452’);” href=”http://local.yodle.com/articles/topics/contractors-construction/plumbing-contractors-construction/”> plumbing</a> articles at Yodle Consumer Guide.
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Source by Yodle

Do You Think Women Are Better Suited For Domestic plumbing Classes?

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The plumbing profession is becoming particularly popular amongst women. Numerous women plumbing engineers are in fact better suited to plumbing courses and plumbing profession at the same time. Bristol and also Cardiff based training specialist, Access Training, take a look at why females do that well on plumbing courses.

Needless to say it’s silly to claim that all women are innately better at plumbing than men – just like it is daft to suppose men are all far better at domestic plumbing than ladies, but as noticed on plumbing classes in Bristol, Cardiff as well as throughout the country, a lot of women have strategies and characteristics which help them to excel in the profession.

The Bristol based Access Training plumbing classes helped professionals to realize that female trainees value their clients and also have attention to detail, consideration as well as punctuality. It’s really a myth that women can’t seem to manage the manual labour aspect of plumbing and plumbing programs. The manual dexterity and the understanding that a great plumber requires cannot be compared with the physical strength.

In actual fact, numerous women and men prefer to seek the services of female plumbers who undertook plumbing classes. Correctly or not, many people think that there are less probabilities for a female plumber to perform an inadequate project or to con you. Women plumbers are regarded as more reliable and far more trustworthy. Many individuals worry about getting ‘taken for the ride’ by plumbing engineers but women are perceived to be more honest and not as likely to be swindle merchants!

Interestingly, lots of men feel more comfortable with female plumbers. It might sound ridiculous, yet numerous men feel worthless or inadequate near male plumbers who can carry out the technical tasks a lot better than them. Ladies plumbers certainly are a more comfortable choice for women also. They feel it’s not as likely to be regarded as an ignorant in what regards the practical tasks or perhaps to be patronised. Additionally they feel safer.

Teachers at Access Training plumbing courses in Bristol have observed that their women trainees are frequently more watchful and a lot less likely to leave a mess behind them right after a job. Probably women and their own skills will bring about a higher degree of consideration and care throughout the industry.

Now is a good time for females to enrol on plumbing programs and get in the profession. Women are persuaded to join the profession by the Equal Opportunities Commission. Also, on plumbing programs, women will get a lot of guidance.

With woman-only plumbing firms growing and unmatched requirement for female plumbing engineers who have completed City & Guilds accredited domestic plumbing courses, right now is a fantastic time for female plumbers to make a real impact in the market.

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Source by Charlie Maine

Shower Drain and strainer wrench

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A wrench that includes a handle and a tool head. The tool head is positionable in a plurality of positions relative to the handle. The wrench is useful in installing and repairing shower drain and sink drains and other similar drain arrangements.

Many households currently include showers. When a shower is installed, the shower drain must be tightened at the bottom of the shower to form a watertight seal. The sealing of the shower drain is typically accomplished by the use of plumber’sputty and/or another sealant that is applied to the rim of the shower drain, and the shower drain is then placed in the existing hole of the shower stall. The body of the shower drain includes male threads. A sealing ring, typically formed of brass,having female threads is then threaded onto the drain body and then tightened against the bottom of the shower so as to form the watertight seal.

The sealing ring typically includes small tabs (usually four or more) that enable the installer to grip the ring so that the sealing ring can be tightened on the body of the drain. The tightening procedure is typically accomplished with a set ofpliers. The base of the shower stall is commonly formed of a wood frame that includes attached fiberglass. The wooden frame often extends out past the drain, thereby interfering with easy access to the sealing ring. As such, the tightening of thesealing ring on the body of the drain to form a watertight seal can be very difficult and time consuming. In addition, the limited and/or obstructed access to the sealing ring can make it difficult to properly tighten the sealing ring on the body of thedrain, thereby potentially resulting in an improper seal being formed.

Strainers are also commonly used with sink and shower drains. These strainers are commonly formed of metal or plastic and commonly include a hexagonal shaped nut that is used to seal the strainer to a sink or shower. These hexagonal nuts aresimilar in size to the sealing rings. Similar problems exist for these hexagonal shaped nut as with the sealing rings when attempting to tighten the hexagonal shaped nut when access to the hexagonal shaped nut is limited and/or obstructed.

In view of the current state of the art of plumbing tools, there is a demand for a wrench that can be used to more easily and conveniently access and tighten a strainer and/or a sealing ring of a drain.

The present invention is generally directed to plumber’s tools, and more particularly to a wrench, and still more particularly to a wrench, and even more particularly to a wrench for use on sink and/or shower stall drains. Although the wrenchwill be particularly described with reference to a sealing ring or strainer wrench for use on sink and/or shower stall drains, it will be appreciated that the wrench has many other plumbing and non-plumbing applications, all of which are encompassed bythe present invention.

The wrench of the present invention is designed to make it more convenient to tighten a stainer and/or sealing ring on the body of a drain. In the housing industry, prefabricated shower stalls are commonly formed of fiberglass and/or other fiberand/or resin materials. These prefabricated shower stalls include a hole in the shower stall bottom that is designed to receive a shower drain.
The shower drain, which is commonly formed of a metal such as brass, has to be tightened in the bottom ofthe shower so as to form a watertight seal. The watertight seal is commonly formed by applying plumber’s putty or some other sealant to the bottom side lip or rim of the shower drain. After the putty or sealant has been applied, the body of the drainis inserted through the hole in the shower stall until the lip or rim of the shower drain engages the bottom of the shower stall. The body of the shower drain is typically threaded so as to receive a sealing ring.

The sealing ring is commonly formed ofa metal material, however, this is not required. The sealing ring is designed to be tightened on the body of the shower drain until a watertight seal is formed between the lip or rim of the shower drain and the bottom of the shower stall. The sealingring commonly includes a plurality of small tabs (e.g., usually four or more) that enable an installer such as a plumber to grip and turn the sealing ring so that the sealing ring can be properly tightened on the body of the shower drain. In onenon-limiting embodiment of the invention, the wrench of the present invention is designed to enable an installer to more easily access and/or tighten the sealing ring and to enable the installer to easily tighten the sealing ring on the body of theshower drain so as to properly form a watertight seal.

Commonly, shower drain have a wooden frame that extends out past the shower drain thereby making it difficult in the past to access and tighten the sealing ring on the body of the drain body. The wrenchof the present invention can be used to at least partially overcomes this past problem In another and/or additional embodiment of the invention, the wrench of the present invention is designed to enable an installer to more easily access and/or tightenthe strainer to enable the installer to easily tighten the strainer in a shower and/or sink so as to properly form a watertight seal.

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Source by Emma

If You Are Looking For a Lasting Lucrative Career Take Plumber Training

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It would be wise for anyone who is considering career choices to choose a career that provides a service that is necessary to the public. One such career is plumbing. Whether you are a homeowner or a renter, you may at any time find yourself in need of a plumber. New homes, home additions, replacement of fixtures, and leaks are just a few of the reasons why one may have need of a plumber. Taking plumber training can offer you the luxury of a long term job and the opportunity to have a business of your own.

While it is often thought of as an undesirable job because it is a hands on job that involves getting one’s hands dirty. It can involve unclogging plugged drains and toilets, and while that indeed seems like a nasty job, making anywhere from thirty dollars to one hundred and thirty dollars an hour can certainly sweeten the deal. This is a job that requires knowledge of installation of plumbing and troubleshooting as well as mathematics, pipes and plumbing materials, bacteriology, and sanitation codes. This is a great job for the person who is a self starter and does not have to be monitored. Plumbers need to be able to make decisions and they need to be able to think outside of the box. If you are the type person who would love to eventually be the boss, this could be the perfect job for you. All you need is plumber training.

There are several training providers that you can choose such as vocational schools, trade schools or plumbing schools. You will of course need to choose one that is able to provide you with comprehensive plumber training as required by the National Standard Plumbing Code. Upon completion of the course, you will be provided with the proper accreditations needed for you to work as a plumber. The course will include training on the proper tools for plumbing, equipment and installation. It will also include mechanical drawing, troubleshooting, piping systems, and the theory of materials. Of course bacteriology and sanitation is also part of the necessary plumber training.

While some of the plumber training will be done in the classroom, the largest part of the course is practical training. Most courses actually require the would be plumber to do on the job training. It is arranged for the student to actually work as an apprentice for a plumber as an assistant to get the hands on training that is required as part of the plumbing training. The apprentice actually gets paid an hourly rate while learning the trade. It usually takes four years for the apprentice to attain the status of journeyman. At this point, the plumber is considered to be an expert craftsman.

Once the plumbing training is complete, the new plumber can choose to work for another business or plumber or he may choose to start his own plumbing business. Of course a business owner has more responsibilities, but he also has more freedom. He has the ability to choose the jobs he wants to take and he can also hire other plumbers to take on the less desirable jobs if he wants.

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Source by James Copper

Why Power Flush for Winter?

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A broken down boiler or noisy radiators that need regular bleeding usually indicate that your central heating system needs a good clean.

Before the winter sets in it is even more important to make sure your heating system is in full working order so that it serves you well over the colder months.

Making sure the system is serviced by a qualified professional is vital and this should be arranged well in advance of the winter season because plumbing and heating professionals are usually inundated with work during that time and the wait for repairs or new installations can be a long one.

But you should not wait for your annual service; if you notice any problem signs with your heating system then get in touch with your plumber immediately. Quite often the system will quite simply need cleaning and if so, your engineer will probably suggest a Power Flush.

What is Power Flushing?

Power Flushing is a powerful technique for cleaning central heating systems. It can improve heating system performance by flushing out sludge and scale, optimising the heat output of radiators and promoting energy efficiency.

Power flushing can solve heating problems and prevent boiler and pump failure and can even provide lower fuel bills due to an increase in boiler efficiency. This is because the action of power flushing improves the circulation through the pipe work so the radiators and boiler do not have to work so hard.

Who should I choose for my Power Flush?

Choosing a good heating engineer to carry out your power flushing job is very important because a skilled approach and lots of experience is needed to maximise the efficiency of the job. You will find that the longer-established companies will employ methodical techniques to isolate and concentrate on problem areas so that you are left with an optimised central heating system that won’t let you down during the cold winter months.

When hiring a plumber to carry out Power Flushing work on your heating system make sure that their work is fully guaranteed for a year and that you will receive a certificate confirming that pH levels and cleanliness within your system correspond with industry standards.

Power Flushing for new Heating Systems

If you are having a new heating system installed then you should be aware that most boiler manufacturers will not guarantee any new boiler if the system is not chemically cleaned. The British Standards and the Benchmark demand thorough cleaning of the heating system, and Power Flushing is the favoured method.

 Why Power Flush for winter?

Power Flushing is a powerful method used to clean heating systems. It can improve efficiency and give you peace of mind that your winter warmth won’t be jeopardised. It can also save you money on fuel bills!

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Source by Ivor Bates

Getting A New Plumbing Installation

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Changing the look of a house can mean many things. A plumbing installation can be the answer for a new home under construction or offered as a replacement to an installation that’s no longer viable. Either way, a plumbing installation that’s done well can instantly change the look and feel of a room – and a home in general.

For those who are building a new home, a plumbing installation may be just one of the myriad of choices that the homeowner must make. Sinks, showers, bathtubs, and the like will all need to be decided upon. The choices are often made by taking into account the overall feel of the home and choosing products that fit seamlessly into that atmosphere.

For those who are performing upgrades on an already existing home, a plumbing installation may mean the replacement of an existing installation that no longer fits the environment of the home. Swapping out plumbing installations can change the look of a room enormously and give new life to a home.

While a plumbing installation can certainly be tackled by a confident do-it-yourselfer, most often they are left to the professionals. While a plumbing installation performed by a homeowner may be completed successfully, there may arise problems down the road.

Therefore, in some cases – when a homeowner is adequately experienced in plumbing installations – it’s best to use a professional plumber. Then, if there’s an issue in the future, the plumber can attend to it. Additionally, the materials used by the plumber should be guaranteed; something you’re not likely to get if you perform the plumbing installation on your own.

Whether it’s done by a professional or an self-assured homeowner, a plumbing installation can be worth the time and money it will cost. The reward will be a beautiful room – and home – that matches your personal and unique ideas of perfection.

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Source by Michelle Bery

How to Hire the Best SEO Company

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In today’s competitive world, every single business man wishes to crank out additional business as well as earnings. They are ready to discover new as well as innovative solutions to increase the actual profit margin. These days, there are many solutions and marketing techniques available to market the product. However, the best way is to make use of internet marketing – the least expensive as well as trustworthy method of marketing. Without doubt, employing an established SEO company to take care of marketing is the one of the best way to promote your brand on internet.

Accomplishing this from search engine optimization will be little intricate and thus you have to know how a search engine optimization company can help you to improve your website and make it reach the target audience. With an in-depth review of business website and use of white hat SEO methods, an efficient search marketing company can place your internet site among the top ranking websites on search engines.

There can be a lot of SEO firms operating in a local area; therefore you have to be incredibly particular as well as very careful whilst finding the best SEO company. Before finalizing the SEO company for your business, you should complete a detailed background check of the company. Ask for their client portfolio and the kind of results they delivered in the past. Share as many doubts as you possess since you’ll be entrusting them to establish your online presence and put you on top of search engines.

There can be a lot of claiming on their own as best SEO company however you must select a company which fulfills the actual aforesaid boundaries. An excellent SEO company must have great presence with forums and blogs. Second is the content material. Quality web content is a vital component to entice site visitors towards web site. You must agree that no agency can easily promise consistent top rankings because of ever changing dynamic algorithms of search engines, however it truly is recommended to evaluate company’s profile, the quality of SEO work as well as benefits being supplied.

Openly focus on the actual “ifs and buts” of your respective business prerequisites as well as objectives from SEO. Look for road map as well as timelines by which they can provide benefits. Don’t have confidence in the SEO companies which gives false assurances to offer top rankings and big volume of traffic merely over small period of time. You should understand and agree to the fact that SEO requires time to deliver long term benefits however an experienced and efficient search engine optimization company is not going to take long stretches to offer benefits. Top quality content material as well as collection of proper search phrases is the key for your on-line achievement.

Don’t wait around for getting a search engine optimization company which is ready to offer all at cheap or equal to zero cost. Hard work pays but paying makes the one do hard work.

How the Foreclosure Cleanup Industry Has Changed: A New Property Preservation Model

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The field services industry, which is commonly referred to as the “property preservation”, “foreclosure cleanup” or “REO trashout” industry, has changed considerably over the years.

When the mortgage crisis and eventual housing fiasco first seized the real estate industry, a great number of smaller foreclosure contractors entered the market. Many of these micro companies performed assorted mortgage field services tasks for lenders, banks, financial institutions, REO conglomerates and asset management companies in hamlets and diverse regions across the United States of America.

A ton of larger, national entities were also part of the landscape that was fast becoming a burgeoning property preservation industry.

A great many of the larger entities such as those of Pemco, Sentinel, Cyprexx, Safeguard, Chronos Solutions (previously known as Matt Martin Real Estate Management), and a great number of similar companies, were direct, first hand components of HUD (“The United States Department of Housing and Urban Development”).

These larger companies hired smaller debris removal, cleaning and trash out services as subcontractors to handle duties such as lawn maintenance, property securing (boarding doors/windows), property inspecting, trash/debris removal, winterization and de-winterization jobs, repairs, lock changes, home maintenance, painting, carpet removal, gutter cleaning, pressure washing, tree removal and many similar property upkeep and maintenance duties.

Services were often performed on vacant houses, many of which mortgagees had walked away from after getting foreclosure letters from their mortgage companies.

Multiple Subbing Opportunities, Jobs and Contracts for REO Service Vendors

Contracts and work order requests were received in numbers, and many small companies had to rush to hire subcontractors to assist with the overflow.

As a result, these smaller contractors made a ton of money in the property preservation and foreclosure cleaning industry at the height of the mortgage crisis.

A Changing Property Preservation Industry

However, fast-forward five to seven years, and its evident the industry has changed, exponentially.

The New Trashout Business, Foreclosure Cleaning Services and REO Property Preservation Model

In recent years, foreclosure cleanup and trash-out services have not only begun to target new key customers and client bases, but they have also added a number of new very profitable mortgage and field services and inked new necessary policies and procedures that work specifically for their own services and businesses — regardless of who their companies may be aligned with or who they may be servicing as vendors and subcontractors and working for, whether it be on a local, national or regional level.

Planting Cherry Trees

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Planting cherry trees for their fruit or for their blossoms can be rewarding. The cherry tree comes in many colors, sizes and varieties. This is due to it having been cultivated for thousands of years, especially in regions like Japan.

The cherry tree’s blooming season is short, unfortunately. For Japanese cultures, the cherry tree and its blossoming patterns symbolizes the way of human life where rising, blossoming and falling are a part of the whole. In Japan it is called mono no aware and means an awareness mujo or the transience of things and a bittersweet sadness at their passing. For this reason, cherry blossoms are utilized quite often in Japanese art, film and for ambient effect.
The cherry blossom is also considered a good omen. For some it is a symbol of love and affection.

Choosing the type of cherry trees you want to plant may be the most difficult part of growing this beautiful specie. For flowering or ornamental trees, varieties that are popular for their beauty and resistance to disease include Okame, Kwanzan, Autumn and Yoshino. These varieties produce flowers that range from white to pink and have a very distinctive foliage. The Autumn cherry tree blooms twice a year, both in spring and autumn, making it a very popular species.

In regards to fruit-producing trees, these can be divided into two divisions – sweet cherries, also referred to as wild cherries, and sour cherries.

When planting cherry trees, one must plant more than one for cross-pollination purposes. While there are some varieties out there that are self-pollinating, to be sure, you may want to place a couple of trees in the ground.

Choosing the right variety and size of cherry tree will depend on the space you have available and your preferences. Cherry trees can range in size from 6 feet all the way up to 30 feet in height. There is also a variety of cherry that comes in a shrub, such as the Red Nanking.

If you are planning to grow cherries, you will need to be in a hardiness zone of between 4-9, more preferably a 5-9. Some bush cherries can survive the cold weather of a zone 3.

Cherry trees also prefer a soil that is well drained and has a pH balance of 6.0 to 6.8. As with many trees, they need good air circulation and shouldn’t be exposed to long-term frost. The good news about cherry trees is that they aren’t terribly high-maintenance in the mulching and fertilizing department, the less the better. One annual sprinkling of blood and bone or old poultry manure will do.

Cherry trees also need to be pruned regularly as they are fast growing. If you want to pick your cherries without ladders, then pruning them or heading then at 30-40 inches above the ground is ideal. If your tree is meant for flowering only and for practical reasons you need to get under the tree to mow, you can head these trees higher.

Cherry trees are typically trained to an open-center system – this is why it is important to retain the central leader. Trees are usually reduced to four well-spaced shoots. Developing a strong framework of branches will help the tree bear heavy crops without breaking the limbs.

To see cherry trees at their best, one can attend various annual Cherry Blossom Festivals around the United States. More popular festivals include; the International Cherry Blossom Festival in Macon, Georgia, featuring over 300,000 cherry trees; Branch Brook Park Cherry Blossom Festival in April in Newark, New Jersey; The National Cherry Blossom Festival in Washington D.C.; and the Subaru Cherry Blossom Festival of Greater Philadelphia.

Basic Plumbing Problems

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Here are the basic problems and hitches of plumbing that most of the home owners might face every day. Though various solutions are there and they do produce and come up with desired results but one should know the basic problems, only then he will be able to find a solution of these problems. Starting with this piece of writing, they very first problem is the leaking of faucet, taps and valves. This is one of the most irritating and annoying problems these days. It has been noticed that most of the taps and valves have open areas that eventually cracked out and results in leakage. This results in the loss of water and makes the area messy. Individuals should make their faucets well strong enough so that they might not leak out or wear out in less period of time. The only way to overcome this hitch is to tighten up the taps and valves. This will reduce the leakage and will not enable the pipes to leak water.

If this tip still does not work, make use O- ring that will surely eradicate this leakage problem as soon as possible. In case of serious situations, individual has to replace the entire and complete unit. The very second problems that the individuals might face are the blockage of drains. The reason behind this problem is that debris or extra waste gets filled on the surface of water that causes the blockage of drains. In kitchens, drainage system gets blocked due to the food materials been stuck in the pipes. Individuals should regularly clean out the drains. This practice will help them to have an efficient and effective drainage system. Similarly, in bathrooms, the blockage of drains is due to hair or soap. They might get stuck into the pipes and drains and cause the blockage. The solution is to make use of snake; it is a tool that clears out the drains and pipes. If this tip does not work then an individual has to call.

A plumber to get rid from this plumbing problem.Lastly, we have running toilet problems that are getting a lot of attention day by day. Try to fix this subjected problem as soon as possible, otherwise individual has to spend huge some money to fix this problem. You might have to reinstall the entire system in case of any delay. If there is any arm or chain been loosen up, then immediately get notice of it and solve this obstacle right away. Hence, the above mentioned are some basic plumbing problems that we observe and notice in our homes. Get up and go and solve these problems in a minute if you are facing them at your homes. The only thing that will make you tension free from these plumbing problems is to have a regular eye on it, regular check up of these plumbing problems will surely make you stress free and will not put you in any kind of dilemma.

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Source by alyssa elise

Garage Door Repair And Replacement Advice From The Experts

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Most modern homes feature electric or automated garage doors. These models are clearly superior to their manual prerequors: for one thing, you do not have to worry about locking them every time you leave your home. They are also the only option for physically disabled individuals who can not open a large, heavy garage door.

As with most things, however, there is a trade-off. While manual versions are incredibly durable and require little maintenance, electric models can and sometimes do break down. Why? Although their construction and operation looks simple, there are actually several things that can go wrong with automated models – especially when they're connected to an electric opener.

Simple Troubleshooting Tip

The first thing any concerned homeowner should do is pull the release cord or lever that hangs from the electric motor. This will allow you to open the door manually. If you can pull it up and down on its tracks, then you know the problem is the motor, not the structure. If, however, you can not open it manually, the problem may be the springs. Either way, you will have to contact a reputable garage door repair company ASAP.

Do You Really Need Help?

Yes, you really do! We can not emphasize enough how important it is to find a professional service provider. Why? Because even if you consider yourself a handyman or an accomplished do-it-yourselfer, dealing with electric models can be difficult and even dangerous. They have hundreds of moving parts, including springs and cables, and it is simply not a job for the average homeowner. In addition, if you find that you have to replace the structure or the motor, there's no way you can do either job on your own.

How To Find A Service Provider

Start by speaking to your friends and neighbors to see which service they use. Since most people these days have an automated model that occasionally needs service, locating a reputable garage door repair contractor should not be that difficult.

Because installation or replacement of electric versions can be a big job, you should conduct a short interview with any prospective contractor. During the interview, you will want to ask about their experience in the field, how long the job will take, and when they are available. You can also ask them for a rough estimate. In order to come up with an accurate price quote, they may have to visit your home and take a look at your setup.

If Replacement Is Required

No matter your setup, the contractor should be able to offer you a full range of options if you want a new brand, model, or style of door. Because it can be dangerous work, you should always make sure the contractor has his own insurance – just in case he is injured while working at your home.

When it comes to the actual estimate, most contractors will provide you with a free one. If you accept the estimate, you will be asked to sign a contract before any work is undertaken. Make sure you read all the terms and conditions of the contract before you sign your name and hire a provider.

If your garage door is on the fritz, do not try to fix it on your own. Contact a reputable garage door repair professional to do the work for you.

SEO: Step By Step Guide to SEO

Search Engine Optimisation (SEO) is the art and science of getting your website into the top of the search results for major search engines. SEO is one of the most cost effective advertising mediums. Furthermore, SEO is completely accountable. You can monitor the exact traffic you are receiving, what keywords you are receiving the traffic for, whet geographic zone your are receiving the traffic from. Most importantly you can track your exact conversion rate of your site and your ROI.

SEO is one of the fastest growing marketing mediums. In an economic downturn, the marketing department is usually the first department to see cut backs in budgets, not to mention the size of the staff base. Companies are seeing tremendous value in SEO. Despite the downturn the SEO industry is rapidly moving forward.

How to choose an SEO company

Choosing the right SEO Company can save you a lot of time and money. The easiest way to choose your SEO company is to look at the results that they have been achieving for clients. Many SEO companies will show you the rankings that they have received for their clients. It is important to look at how hard these keywords are to achieve top rankings for. For instance, if a SEO company is showing you first place rankings for a tradesperson at suburb level, it is fair to say that this is an easy word to compete for. However, if they are showing you top rankings for the most competitive keywords such as weight loss, web design, web development or banking then they are genuinely hard rankings to receive. In addition, I would recommend speaking to clients that have used the SEO company that you are looking to engage. Find at how they performed, what there delivery of service was like, if they were transparent in there communication, if they received regular communication and reporting. SEO is still a black art and many SEO experts will like to keep their trade knowledge to themselves. Choose someone that is open and transparent about their work.

How long till I see my rankings improve?

SEO takes 6-12 months for a very thorough campaign. If your site has been live for a few years and you have some good quality links pointing to your site it can take less, depending on how competitive the keywords that you are optimising for. In SEO there are two types of keywords that you can optimise for. The first is short tail i.e. weight loss and then there is long tail keywords i.e. weight loss recipes. If you are wanting to quickly increase your organic traffic, I would recommend to begin optimising for the long tail keywords. The short tail keywords can take much longer to optimise for as there is generally much more competition for that keyword.

If you are a new site, Google will take some time to trust your site. Many SEO experts talk about Google Trust Rank. This means that Google not only takes time to trust your site, it wants to see consistent increments in link popularity to your website. If Google sees a Sharpe increase in the number of inbound links to your website when you are new, you run the risk of hitting there link spike filters. Should this be the case and you grow your incoming links to quickly, you will be sandboxed or unindexed.

You should build links to your site in a consistent manner. Not only in a consistent manner, but also you should use a variety of link building techniques to build links to your site.

Some link building strategies are:

  1. Directory submissions

Directory submissions are where you submit your site to general directories or niche directories. When you are submitting your site to directories it is important that you concentrate on good quality directories. Quality is far better than quantity. You can determine the quality by looking at the page rank of the home page, page rank of the sub-categories, if the sub categories have been cached by Google and if the listings in the categories are well maintained. Avoid like the plague directories that are randomly linking sites in categories. These could be link farms.

  1. Article Submissions

This is where you write unique content on your industry and then submit it to article directories. This is a great way to build quality back links to your site. The key is to code the link correctly.

For instance if I wanted to link back to my website, the most contextual and effective way to link back is <a rel=”nofollow” onclick=”javascript:ga(‘send’, ‘pageview’, ‘/outgoing/article_exit_link/992883’);” href=“http://www.shoutwebstrategy.com.au” title=”SEO”>SEO</a>. This link is considered to be a themed and/or contextual link. Google will see this as a very relevant link. If you write articles and link from the article body, you should see good results in your search engine rankings.

  1. Blog posts

There are a few ways that you can use blog posts to help your rankings. The first way is to leave comments to posts on posts. If you are being active on blogs, for industry relevant blogs you will be considered to be active in your industry.

The second way is to get in contact with the blog owner and offer your unique content to them. In return you should get an about author link to your site. Many blogs are screaming out for content. You will get traffic, link juice and be considered an authority on your subject.

  1. Forums

Forums are indexed very quickly by search engines because the content is frequently updated. Further, forums get a lot of traffic and if you are a trusted forum member you can generate plenty of traffic and get contextual links to your site. I would advise getting in contact with the forum owner before placing any links on forums. Let the forum owner know of you credentials and let them know that you can add to the community by giving expert advice. In return you ask the forum owner if you can put your link in your email signature.

  1. Bookmarking sites

Google likes to see that your links are created naturally. This means that the content that you offer on your site is good enough quality that people want to link to it and they want to share it on social networking sites, or reference your content as an authority on the subject. This is the best form of linking. The key is to create fresh and unique content.

How much does SEO cost?

The cost of the campaign hinges on many thing.

–          How competitive your industry is

–          How many keywords you are optimising for

–          What link techniques you incorporate

–          How large your site is

After your initial campaign has been completed you should look into a maintenance campaign. This will give you long term stability in your rankings.

Hopefully this article has set you on the right track and answered your SEO questions. Now is a better time than ever to SEO your site. Over time SEO will become more competitive and in turn expensive.

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Computer Repair Business Plan

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If you’re thinking about starting Computer Repair Business, it’s a very good idea to create a business plan. The best reason is not what you think. I don’t know anyone who has ever stuck with his or her original business plan. Why? Well, planning and doing is the same as hypothetical and reality. Once you get immersed in your business, you often have to modify your plan to fit real world situations.

Even the best planners can’t see everything that might crop up, and being flexible is the key with any good business plan. The best thing about doing a business plan is that it makes you think about the important elements of your proposed business.

Areas to research and try to layout in your business plan would include market analysis, startup costs, necessary skills, and initial inventory or equipment. All of these areas are important when planning your business. Most business plans can be divided into common sections like these:

– Executive Summary
– Company Description
– Products and Services
– Marketing Plan
– Operational Plan
– Management and Organization
– Personal Financial Statement
– Startup Expenses and Capitalization
– Cash Flow Analysis

If financing is a part of the puzzle, even more time should be spent on presentation and documentation. You will be judged by the lending institution on the quality and accuracy of your numbers of your business plan. The two most common flaws in business plans are under estimating costs and over estimating revenue.

A good example in the Computer Repair Business is for one to assume that since there are an average of 171 working hours in any given month, that you could bill 171 hours or the total amount. Not going to happen, there is no way to bill 100% of time. Why, because you rarely can bill out every hour in the day. There are necessary activities that take away from billable hours. Now if you work 80 hours a week, you could bill over 40, but that’s not the same thing.

And if you are a owner/operator (one man band) you will need to do many administrative, marketing, and record keeping tasks that all take away from billable time. In fact, some of the most effective owner/operators I know in the computer repair business are ecstatic with a 70% bill ratio.

A good example of underestimating costs for the Computer Repair business is insurance and bonding. If you do business with larger companies, they require both and this area is often overlooked. Another common area that is missed is the cost of training and technical resources like manuals and etc. Both can get expensive and necessary if you want to keep your skills up to date.

One of the biggest decisions in the Computer Repair Business is whether to go retail location, or office building, or warehouse scenario. This can be a huge start up cost and commitment. And there are quite a few associated costs like utilities, signage, furniture, and equipment.

Part of the decision making process on these different scenarios is to also consider whether you want to offer onsite service or inside service (where the customer brings in their equipment). Often this is depending on the market area, target audience, and location.

The key to making that type of decision is to figure out if the retail location can generate enough walk in business to compensate for the cost. The office building or warehouse location might be necessary if you will have multiple employees and support staff. But both those choices are expensive both in startup and ongoing costs.

Speaking of staff, unless you start your business with clients, employees can be a tremendous expense and involve more administrative time. Adding employees right from the get go with out having some type of clientele is risky at best. If you will already have service contracts or written commitments from clients, you might need employees.

A good alternative to the warehouse or office building options is to go with an executive business suite. These are companies that will provide very small spaces (like 200 sq ft) and administrative services like answering the phone, having a mailing address, using a shared conference room for meetings, and so forth. These are available on s